The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on October 22, 1954 · Page 9
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 9

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, October 22, 1954
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.FRIDAY, OCTOBER 22, 1954 BLYTHEVILLB (ARK.)' COURIER NEWS PAGE HIM! RE VIEW --FORECAST Disaster-Proof Farming Close to Reality - By DOUGLAS LARSEN NEA Staff Correspondent . WASHINGTON — (NEA) — U. S. farmers this year are demonstrating that they are a big step closer to the goal of calamity-proof agriculture. Despite disastrous floods and droughts, which less than a generation ago could have been shattering economic disasters both for farmers and the country, the total farm output is going to be less than two per cent below the 1947-49 base. The droughts of the 1930s, which) ties in farm areas all over the U.S. some farmers, claim were less severe than this year, cut total output as much as 20 per cent below normal. More mechanization, new emergency growing techniques, disaster the past summer are the events which took place in Iowa and several adjoining states last June, The U. S. Weather Bureau In its 30-day forecast had given fair loan programs and improved long- j warning of a severe wet spell. range weather reporting are all factors in the record strength and flexibility which American agriculture is showing this year. Typical of the emergency activi- r When the rains came and caused much flooding, the, regular planting dates came and went without the farmers being able to sow their inr portant soy bean crop. FLOODS OF DUST like this one hit farmers hard this year. But sorghum grain crops replaced many ruined fields of wheat. But the farmers were not caught flatfooted. County agents and other crop experts took to the local radio stations and began advising the farmers exactly what varieties of soy beans they could plant, on what dates, depending upon when their land dried out. Seeds for these varieties were located in northern states and special truck deliveries were arranged so that they would be available exactly when and where needed for planting. It worked out so well totai soy bean production is likely to set a record. The southern plain region has had a devastating drought. But when delayed rains made it too late for planting wheat, many farmers were ready with special drought-resistant varieties of sorghum grain. This resulted In 45 per cent more land being used for sorghum than last year, and less for wheat, but the farmers saved themselves from complete disaster. Sorghum is also a drought substitute for corn. Stubble mulch cultivation, a rela- . lively old but increasing practice, has also eased the strain of drought Fnis year. This consists of leaving the stubble from the last crop on the ground and breaking up the earth beneath without turning it all over. It holds more snow on the ground during; the winter, thereby preserving the moisture. The whole southeast has been scorched all summer but many farmers in the afflicted area staved off serious trouble by the late planting of special drought-resistant sudan and bermuda grass for silage or pasture. This could still be one of the worst years for feed grains, however. All over the parched areas of the U.S. this summer farmers tried out a whole range of new varities of crops intended for sucn an emergency, with great success. Diligent research by the U.S. Department of Agriculture scientists has helped to develop them. They Include Flynn No. 1 variety of barley; safflower, an oil seed crop; and castor beans, which pro- FLOODS OF WATER left many scenes like this last June. But farmers weren't caught flatfooted by delays in planting. duce a lubricant for jet engines and resins for the new wr.tsr-brse paints. These and other plants need less than half the water required for most of the conventional crops. Both luck and improved forecasting have enabled the Weather Bureau to give in its 30-day predictions advance warning of just about every serious drastic wet. and dry spell. This, coupled with the great mechanization of U.S. farms, enabled farmers to plant their whole farms within a few days on emergency crops for quick adjustment to the freak weather. Ten years ago it was predicted that 1954 would also be a year for great grasshopper plagues. This never materialized because of new poisons used in grasshopper control programs started three and four years ago. On top of all these scientific ways to lick this year's farm disasters the Department of Agriculture has provided about $95.000,000 In emergency loans to hard-hit farmers. Cattle raisers got $76,000,000 worth of feed grain. In Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas $15,000, 000 was spent Vo relieve the effects of the dust storms. Not all of the emergency money and scientific programs are new But there lias been constant work on improving them all and puttlni them into effect quickly and efficiently for maximum effect. The result is that while this summer's bad weather will find a lot of farmers licking their wounds this winter, relatively few of them will have gone completely bankrupt. Weather And Crop Bulletin (Complied by cooperative ef- 1 forts of USDA. Extension Service, Department of Commerce and- University of Arkansas College ot Agriculture.) The mean temperature for the past week, as determined from the records of 19 stations, was 62 which is exactly normal. Weekly means ranged from 57 at Fayetteville to 65 at Arkadelphia- The highest-temperature reported was 87 at Pine Bluff on the-afternoon of the Hth; the lowest. 33 at Gilbert on the morning of the 15th and 17th. Frost was reported at, several northern stations on the morning of the lath and 17th, but damage was negligible. The average rainfall for 21 stations was 0.30 inch. The greatest weekly total was 1.42 inches at Arkansas City. Arkadelphia, Camden, and Ozark reported no rain. Surface soil moisture is now gen- efally adequate over most of the state and fall sown grains, sorghums, late hay crops and pastures are making excellent growth. Cattle are improving in condition and marketings have decreased considerably. Soil conditions were ideal for further seeding of winter grains but harvest of cotton, rice, and soybeans was slowed down somewhat by the recent rains. COTTON harvest is nearing completion in mast counties outside of the Delta area. Harvest is ap- i proaching the two-thirds mark in | much of the Delta and in some j counties three-fourths or more of! the crop has been ginned. i Quality of lint-is off somewhat! since the rains. j About four-fifths of a very good EICE crop has been harvested. Har- j vest is difficult in fields- where rice is down, and there are a considerable number of such fields in some counties. Harvest of early varieties of SOYBEANS is nearing completion in some counties and the combining of Ogden and other late varieties is getting underway in some of the heavier producing counties. Yields of all varieties are low this year. Seeding of WINTER CHAINS is nearing completion in gome counties and is making rapid progress elsewhere.' Early sown fields are making excellent growth and a number of OAT fields are now furnishing good grazing. SORGHUMS and LATE HAY CROI'S are making very good growth since the rains. Some sorghum fields will produce a fairly o;ood crop of grain or forage if frosts hold off until about November 1. A goodly number of meadows will also produce some much needed late hay provided warm weather prevails, another two weeks. SPINACH and GREENS are being planted. STRAWBERRIES are putting out new plants but few fields, except those that were irrigated, give promise of a good stand. PASTURES,'particularly Bermuda, Johnson grass and Dallis grass' have made excellent recovery and some are furnishing good grazing. > Heavy supplemental feeding,' however, lent recovery and some are furnishing good grazing. Heavy supplemental feeding, however, is still required in many herds as the winter feeding season approaches. Milk flow has increased due to the improvement in pastures. Water supply in adequate on most farms. A few counties in the Delta area could still use some more COTTON PICKERS. The length of a-unit of time now is known with an accuracy of about twenty-billionth of a second. This measurement is based On the moon's motion in its path around the earth. BARGAINS IN NEW OLIVER FARM EQUIPMENT! (2) DISC HARROWS—Twenty 20" blades, cut out blades on front, 1199 pounds, fi' swath. EACH $275 DISC HARROW— Twenty 18" blades, 765 pounds, 5' swath. $175 (2) HEAVY DUTY OLIVER PLOWS— 3-14" breaking plows. EACH $345 FARMERS IMPLEMENT CO. 900 N. 6th Phone 3-8166 AMENDMENT NO. 43 BE fi KKbULVED by the House OJ RepreBentatives oi the State a! Arkansas, and by the Senate, a Majority oi alt the Mem tiers Elected in Euch House Agreeing Thereto .'HAT THE FOLLOWING is nere-. propostfl AS tin ami^r-iioni tn tin. Con stltutton of the State of Arkansas, and upon oeint; *ubimttca to the' electors ol the State foi approval oi rejection at the next general election foi Representatives and 3en • ator. If a majority of the eiuctorf voting thereon, at such an election adopts such amendment the same shall become a pan ol the constitution of the Slate or Arkansas, towlt: SECTION 1 The Executive Depart- lent oi mis State consist oJ a Governor. Lieutenant Governor tiecm. tary of State, Treasurer of State, Auditor ol State Attorney General and Commissioner of State Lrfinds all 01 whom shall Keep their offices at the iat of Government, and tiold ilietr offices for the term ot two years and until their Micce.ssorn aro elected md qualified SECTION 2 The annual salaries 01 .uch State officers, which shall oe paid In monthly Installments shall be a« follows- The Governor, tne sum ol Fit teen Thousand Dollars (J15.000.00); the Lieutenant Governor the sum of i'uiee Thousand and Six Hundred DOUSMI* S3.600.00), the Secretary OI State. .he sum 01 Seven Thousand and Two Hundred Dollars 157,200 OOf. the Treasurer of State the sum of Seven Thousand and Pwo Hundred Dollars .47,20000); the Auditor of State the sum ol Seven Thouand and, Cwo Hundred Dollars ($7.20U.OO>: the Attorney General, thp •mm of Eight Thousand Dollars ($8,000.00). and Use Commissioner of State Lands, the sum Six Thousand Dollars (J6.00000) SECTION J The atxjvo mentioned State Otflcert shall tit elected by .he qualified elector? of Hie State at large at the tlhie of the regular general election ior voting foi members ol the General Assembly, me irns ol each election therefor snail DC sealed up separately- and transmitted, to the s?ut of government by the returning officer? not late: than the last day ol November oi the yeai in which the election in neia ond shall be d (rented to the Speak- of the House of Representatives The General Assembly snail convene in special session on the first Mon- day in December of the year In which the members ol '.he Genenu Assembly are elected and shall be In session toi a period not to exceed three clays, unless called into special scsfunn by the Governor At sufih schslnn oi the Gtnerai Assp'o- bly. and upon both Houses being organized, the Spe»lcei 0' the House of Representative* shall open and publish the votes cast and given foi each or the olf leers hereinbefore mentiont'd In the presence of both Houses of tlie General Assembly The person nswinu the nlghoat number ol vote? for each ot the respective offices shall be declared duly elected thereto; and shall Immediately begin hlB term of office; but II two or more shall be equal, the highest In votes for the same .olflce. one nl them shall by chosen by a joint vote of both Houses of the Genera) Assembly, and a majority ol all the ti^'Ta elected shall b» necea«ary to a choice. SECTION 4 five Ocneial Assembly ihall meet in regulai ijusalon ul sixty iCO) days wlilch need not oe continuous, at the. seat ot government cry two years nn the first Mon,y In February ol each odd numbered ye:ii until said time be changed oy law The members of the General Assembly shall receive as their salary the sum of Twenty-font Hundred Dril i (12.400.001. except the Spi'iiker ol cue House or Representative who shall receive as his salary Twenty- flvfi Hundred and Fifty Dollars 132.550.00) tor each period of two < 2) years payable ai such time and In such manner an the General Assembly may determine, and In addition to such salftry the members of the General Assembly shitll receive Ten Cents (lOcj per mile for each mile traveled In going to and returning from the seat ol government over the most direct and practicable route, and provided further that when Raid members are required tu attend an extraordinary or special session of the Genera! Assembly, they shall receive in addition to salary herein provided, the sum of Twenty Dollars (£20 00) per day for each day they are required to attend, and mile are at tho same rate nerelD cr:> SECTION 5 'mere Is nereby created a Joint ad interim committee of the General Assembly to be selected from its membership as may oe provided by law Tor the purpose or conduct Inp, research into governmental prob- lems and making audits of State agencies The General Assembly nnall III the tvmouni ot pel dlcm und expenses of committee membcra and the compensation ancl expenses 01 the rommlttefi'B emoloyee*. SECTION B. i(a< The General Assembly shall from time to lima pro vido [oi tne salaries and compensation nl the juKiices of ihe Supreme Court and for the salaries and expenses of the judges ot the Circuit and Chancery Courts ol this State, provided, that such nalarlea and compensation ol ',he Justices ot the Supremo Court und the salaries and expenses ol ihe Judges oi the Circuit •md Chancery Courta snail not bo lew than now provided by law. <b) me uencrai Assembly shall by w determine the amount and method oi payrr.cnt of ualarles to tho Com- sinners of the Workmcns' Com- penfiatlon commlsHion, provided that the salary of imy Commissioner shall not bo less than now provided by law. (O I'ne General Assemnly shall oy law determine the amount and method payment or salaries ol county officials Nothing nereln fihall be construed as nbrOKatlnR any riirb.1 ot tne people as the State of Arkansas under the Initiative and Referendum provisions of Die Constitution of the nt&t. te.i of Arkansas (d) rmu oecnon 2J ot Article XLX oi the Con.itltullou and Section U ol Amendment IX to the Contitutton of the state ot Arkansas be and the name -ti hereby repealed SECTION 7 That Section 39 ol WAIT!- Don't beat your n brick wall tried . . . BOB'S GYPSY RUB LINIMENT choose a JOHN DEERE-K1LLEFER WHEEL-TYPE! Free yourself of that time-consuming, backbreaking job oi loading and unloarf'ng your .harrow at disking time. You'll get around faster . do better work with a dependable John Deere-Killefer "H" Series Wheel-Type Offset Harrow. In seconds, smooth, positive hydraulic power raises the harrow high and clear, on iti own rubber-tired wheels, and you're ready to go. Thera'j no lifting ... no adjustments to make ... no delay. The "H" Series is ol fixed-angle construction; gangs are set in the proper cutting angle for best disking at all times. Weight is well distributed for deep, uniform p»n«- tration over the entire cutting width. Available in 3-1/4- to 7-1/2-foot cutting widths. See u« for details. MISSCO IMPLEMENT CO. Phone 3-4434 South Highway 61 On Missco Farms By KEITH J. BILBKEY, I County Agent Water, Water, Water I went to Salt Lake City this month on business I really saw nn awful lot of the west and the reason why everybody In that country is perpetually interested in water. If you follow the Arkansas River through Kansas and Colorado, or any other stream in the west you see the finest of agriculture. With out irrigation it is subsistence farming. I tolked to H. H. Frederick, County Agent at Randolph, Utah. He said, "People in this county are honest and morally good. They will not do any thing wrong except, they will steal water. It's been rather mild in my county this yesr though. We have had only one man killed over water." Major Topic Everybody in Utah talks water. The big city papers are filled with headlines and .stories on water problems and plans in Utah. You get the Impression that they have a great agriculture in rtah — and they do have with , liviga- tion. But I was surprised when I came back home and looked at some statistics. This will make you realize how great your Mississippi Valley is: farm crop sales in the whole state of Utah in 1953 weer $45.662.00. By comparison, your 230,000 bales of cotton in Mississippi County that same year was worth about $46,000,000. Indians Full I saw the Navajp Indians qn their reservation trying to grow corn without irrigation. They plant one grain of corn about every eight feet square. Even with that spacing their crop was a failure by any standard tbnt I could imagine. I saw the big government irrigation project ar^mid Tucumcnrl, New Mexico. They are making fine crops and big yields there with irrigation. I talked with Joe McCollum, an Araknsas boy, now at Twin Falls, Idaho, (Mr. Carter and I both went to school with him; I, at Sloan-Hendrix Academy at Imboden and Mr. Carter at the University). McCollum has developed the fertilizer Industry In the Snnke River Valley and along with irrigation he is producing 30 to 32 tons NAMED PENICILLIN Penicillin flret was recognized and named by Alexander Fleming, an Englishman, in ID29. He saw It as a form of penlcilllum, the name given tufts of spores formed on mold or fungus. Article T of the Constitution of the State of fcrkonnafl la amended to read SB follow. 'Kor every flYc nunared elector* there shall be elected one Juntlce ol tho poace. but every uriraahtp however small, nball buve fxo Jufitlceii ol the Deuce." SEC'.tiMi t iunt amendment nnali be ID force upon its adoption and ahall not require iej*lflliiUvo action to put U Into force nnd effect Approved. March 2ti 1053 . C G HALL Secretary of BtaM of sugar beets per acre. He has I plenty of water from the Snake River for irrigation. Average sugar aeet yield in that country is near 17 tons per acre. What About Us That leads me to the question of Irrigation in the Mississippi Valley. A few people are going all out for Irrigation in this county. Some are trying irrigation on a moderate scale. Others are holding back or delaying for reasons too numerous to mention. Activity and results close at home make me wonder if we will gradually go into a grant deal of irrigation in Mississippi County. I carried County Agent, Howard Maxwell from Lonoke County, Arkansas, with me on this trip. He is In the rice belt but also has a great (leal of land as good for cotton as you in Mississippi County. We cnmc back through his irrigated cotton country, which looks good. Here are some things he said, "We have 64,000 acres of cotton in Lonoke County, 20,000 were irrigated this year. Section after section of this Irrigated cototn is producing between 600 and 750 pounds of lint per acre. Some is making two bales. Saved by Irrigation "Without irrigation our county would be broke flat as a flitter. Our best land without Irrigation is making 200 to 250 pounds of lint per acre. "I think we will see the day when most of the Mississippi Valley will be Irrigated, "Most farmers in Lonoke County drill fl and 8 inch wells. This i» enough for a 200 acre farm. We lilt water from 18 to 05 feet, depending on location In the county. The wells are from 90 to 165 feet deep. "Irrigation on buck shot land !• very questionable. It iB fine for getting cotton up. to a stand on gumbo soil, however." TRUSSES EXPERTLY 1 FITTED ' "2 Price KIRBY DRUG STORES Read Courier Newk ClaMlfled Adi. Wells And Pumps For Farm Crop Irrigation Equipped to drill tny Size Well "You can't irrigate without water." ARKANSAS WELL COMPANY PO-3-41M 131 I. Mmta STRONGBARN i$ 56% Stronger than Conventional Crorfesf As little as $600 buys STRONGBARN Roofing nnd Siding, crcsotcd poles and nil lumber and naila to build a 20 x 50 machine shed— high enough to house a picker, two tractors and plenty of room for implements. We also have other plans. It pays to protect valuable machinery. E. C. ROBINSON LUMBER CO. 319 W. Ash Ph. 3-4551 You'll gel more than ever before of the last 10%...the PROFITABLE 10% ^°NEWMcCormicRI41 Kxclu»Jv« IH oppoiftd-octlon doubU* •hake cleaning preventa grain wnato due to straw "bridging" between chaffer and shoe sieve. Positive agitation and controlled air blast save more grain—get it aeed clean I N*w 6O hp votvc-tn-hMd *ngtrM gfvd you steady power for grain-saving threshing, complete separation, and thorough cleaning in toughest condition. Enfina ia up, out of the dirt Mow, fl.f more than .v.r of th« lott 10X...Mi« PROUTABLI K>% often l«ft In MM fUU by I«M .Hld.nf MMMttM Initont-ropondlng contrail —new power steering,* hydraulic brakes,* variable-speed propulsion drive, hydraulic platform controls — mnke it easier than ever to save grain. "9- nhot" lubrication at IUXM aevos valuable field time, Lit H thow jrov how a McCormJclc No. HI, with 10, 12 or 14-foot platform, can help yon bin buchoh more of every grain or gran crop you growl Delta Implements, Inc. "Service Holdt Oiir Trad*" Blythevill. Phont 3-6863

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