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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THK DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 16 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 8, 1953 TWELVE PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Yishinsky Urges "Half-Way Meeting on Disarmament Little Fuss Over Wilson's Arms Plant Proposal ODM Backs Idea, In Part; Final Decision Up to Ike By STERLING F. GREEN WASHINGTON WV-Secretary of Defense Wilson's reported proposals to spend less on the expansion of munitions plants and to emphasize production of weapons, which looked like a sure- thing controversy, smoothed out today into scarcely a ripple. Officials of the Office of Defense Mobilization (ODM)—which favors building a broad industrial "base" for swift mobilization, including standby plants and equipment—and other administration aides said privately: 1. President Eisenhower intends to make personally the final decisions on both mobilization policy and military spending. This rules out any civilian-versus-military contest of power. 2. ODM people favor 1 some of Wilson's ideas, admit that some of ODM's original plans were over- ambitious, and profess to see no reason why Wilson's views cannot be reconciled with theirs. Yield Not' An inch They yield not an inch, however, in the position that adequate arms- plant capacity, ready to produce on short notice, is a "must" for national security and does not exist today. All parties are content, it was indicated, to let the President shape the military programs to suit th.e developing international situation as he sees it, and the country's stratgic plans. Eisenhower told a news conference last week that; he, not Wilson, will fix the level of the coun- j try's combat strength. Administration sources say the President feels also that he cannot delegate to i See ARMS on Page 12 ' U.N. Told Reds Won't Press For Adoption of Resolution By STANLEY JOHNSON UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (AP) — Russia's Andrei Y Vishinsky today urged Western countries to ''meet the Sovie Union half way just as the Soviet Union is endeavoring tc meet them half-way" in an effort to reach agreement on the question of disarmament. In a brief speech to the U. N.'s* — — 60 - nation General Assembly, Vi- shinsky claimed that "in an effort to reach agreement the Soviei delegation deems it possible noi to press for adoption of its own resolution.' That draft, which the assembly's political committee defeated, called :or immediate prohibition of the atomic bomb and a one - third across the board arms cut by all the big powers. U. N. sources said a search ol the records showed that this if the first time in the U. N.'s seven' year- long debate on disarmament that Russia has failed to revive a defeated proposal in the assembly. It also is the first time that a Soviet spokesman has discussed disarmament without coupling it with a violent attack on the U. S. Vishinsky, in a calm voice, urged ,he committee to adopt two amendments which the Soviet Union has proposed to a majority - supported Western resolution. Calls For Atom Control The Western plan calls for the U. N.'s Disarmament Commission, established last year, to continue its efforts to work out an agreed solution to world disarmament and genuine international control of atomic energy. It contained a word of praise for the work the commission has done so far and reaffirmed the as- sembly'' resolution establishing it with its terms of reference. These are the two sections which the Soviet amendments would remove. Vishinsky said the reason he wanted them taken out was that "they were not, at the time, acceptable to the Soviet Union" and said reaffirmation now "places us in a rather embarrassing position." In view of this situation, Vishin- See U.N. on Page 1Z * * Jury Again Criticizes Highway Probe Fund LITTLE ROCK (AP) — A $3,250 fund raised by private sources to pay a Pulaski County Grand Jury's special attorney during an investigation of Arkansas Highway Department operations was criticized by another Grand Jury Isst night. The current Pulaski Grand Jury, in revealing that the money had been raised by seven Little Rock businessmen to pay for the attorney's investigation, .added: "While we find no criminal liability, we think the action highly improper and strongly condemn this procedure." The Jury said that Herbert L. Thomas Sr., Payetteville—without the knowledge of Prosecutor Tom Downie—had "initiated a movement to raise additional funds to compensate" Attorney Henry C. Spitzberg for his work under the September Grand Jury, Thomas was a member of then Highway Audit Commission, whose report of waste and extravagance in the Highway Department under former Gov. Sid McMath started a series of Grand Jury investigations, Joe Schmelzer, Robert Crowe Exterminating Company Opens Branch Here Orkin Exterminating Co., Inc. has opened a branch office in Blytheville at 111 South Second. The company, nation-wide in organization, is one of the oldest pest exterminating businesses in the nation. In addition to pest and termite exterminating service, the company offers an industrial service, which is designed especially for foodhan- dling and processing plants. The company offers free inspection service. Pry or Takes Part In AAB Inspection Paul Pryor of Blytheville, member of the civilian Army Advisory Board, was at Fort Hood, Texas, today for an inspection of that training facility. He left here yesterday aboard an Air Force C-47 which also stopped in Little Rock to pick up other Arkansas members of the board. They were joined at Fort Hood by Louisiana, members of the board. The Army Advisory Board was set up several years ago as a medium of contact between the armed forces and civilian groups. Mr. Pryor Is expected to return tomorrow noon. Q. L. Porter, Alfred Kahn Sr., Harold Young and R. C. Limerick were named by the March Jury as having contributed $500 each to the fund. Leo Griffin was listed as a $250 contributor. Agreed to Pay 52,000 According to the Grand Jury report, Downie had agreed to pay Spitzberg $2,000 as a special assistant in the highway case. The fee reportedly was based on the belief that the attorney would be needed for only two months. He worked on the case about six months. "We feel that, if there was a necessity for further funds, the matter should have been taken up publicly with the duly constituted authorities..." said the report. Porter is president of the Com-' mcrcial Warehouse Co. Young is a widely known Arkansas planter and president of the National Cotton Council. Limerick is an official of Kern-Limerick, Inc., a machinery company. Kahn is chairman of the Board of Directors of the Union National Bank, and Smeltzer is secretary of the Arkansas Foundry Co. Crowe is an official of the Crow- Birlinghame Co. Former state Purchasing Agent John Brown of Arkadelphia was indicted by the See JURY AGAIN on Page 12 Cherry to Keep Silent on New Highway Plan Construction Work Up to Commission, Governor Soys By LEON HATCH LITTLE ROCK Wl—Gov. Cherry said today he would take no pan in drawing up of the Highway Commission's new construction program. The Commission Friday is scheduled to receive recommendations irom chief Highway Engineer All Johnson and other staff members on which roads it should construct and improve during the next year or two. Cherry said that he would be glad to confer with the Commission any time it asked him, but that he would make no effort to influence the group. "I will never suggest the build' ing of any specific road," Cherry said. Cherry said he had given the Commission his ideas on policy natters before it took office but hat his views were all of a general nature and were not concerned with specific projects or per sonnel. People Expressed Views He said that he believed the people'demonstrated they did not vant the governor meddling in highway matters when they last 7o7»ii]jr* it.drp.ted Jf>- corstyution- al amendment setting up I new type highway commission. Cherry expressed his views in reply to questions at a news conference. He said that he planned to keep close contact and would probably have a decided part in policy making in departments which were directly under tlit governor's control. But not with those such as the Highway Commission and the Game and -Pish Commission which have a more or less independent status. Flans Inspections Cherry saia ne nopea to make unannounced inspections of various state institutions including those outside of Little Rock but added, "I do not know when I will get a chance." The governor said also that he had received a number of letters concerning the tuberculosis sanit- orium near Booneville. Cherry said the letters both approved and criticized various phases of the sanitorium's operations but- that he did not know just how they were divided. He said that apparently most of the favorable letters came from patients and former patients and most of the criticism from former employes. U.S. and Belgian Troops Repel 2 Chinese Attacks 130 Red Trucks Are Destroyed in B26 Bomber Raids Seoul W) — Chinese Red slammed into Allied defenses Western and Central Korea today but battle - toughened America! Marines and Belgian infantrymei sent the Communists reeling back B2G bombers wiped out 130 Re< ;rucks on North Korean highway during the night, while fighter bombers blasted three rail bridge and a radio station at Haeju, in Western Korea, the Fifth Ai Force said. Chinese Reds in c o m p a n j strength—about 175 men—stormed up Bunker Hill on the Western Front but were blocked by a Ma rine combat patrol. The attack carried some Com munists into Allied lines but sharp- shooting Leathernecks stopped the *eds cold in 11 minutes of bitter :lose-quarter fighting, the Eighth Army reported. Belgians Kilt 21 Northeast of Chorwon on the Central Front, another Red com lany hit the main line positions if the Belgian battalion attached o the U. S. 3rd Infantry Divi- ion. The Belgians killed 21 Chinese .nd wounded 40 others in lighting which at times was hand to hand, he Eighth Army said. The battle vas all over one hour and 20 min- ites after the first shots were ired. Persistent South Korean infan- rymen who twice won and lost a Central Front outpost called Texas [ill Tuesday knocked Chinese ieds off the hill Wednesday in le second of two counterattacks, he first assault was thrown ack. Inside Today's Courier News . - Taps looking for new coach following Stockton's resignation . Mantle's return cheers Yanks . Sports . . . Page 8. . . . . Arkansas news briefs . . . Page 3. . . . . Osceola news . . . Page 2. .. . . Society news . . . Page 4. . . . . We're giving away our atom secrets . . . Page 9."; . Communists Offer to Return 600 Disabled U.N. Prisoners Figure Termed 'IncrediblySmair By Allied Team UN NEGOTIATORS AT PANMUNJOM — Here are members of the UN negotiating team as they appeared at Panmunjom to begin negotiations with Communists on possible release of sick and wounded prisoners of war as a prelude to resumptions of truce talks. Left to right: Lieut. Col. William Welch, Corvallis, Ore.; Comdr. James E. Shaw, Golden- dale, Wash.; Col. Wiilard Carlock, Galveston, Texas; Rear Aclm. John Daniel, Philadelphia; Col. Lee So Yong, Seoul; Col. Douglas Cairns, Riverside, Calif.; Lieut. Col. Harry Odren, Dunn Center, N. D.; Lieut. Col. Leo J. Dulacki, Omaha, Neb. (AP \Virephoto via radio from Tokyo) .overt Tells Senate Probers — Ammunition ProductionOnce Definitely Unsatisfactory' By DON WIIITEHEAD WASHINGTON (AP) — Former Secretary of Defense Robert A. ovett said today there was a "definitely unsatisfactory" performance ammunition production for the Korean War and he "took it out of ie army's control." "My patience was completely cx- austed," he declared. Lovett blamed the "army as a hole." Sen. Byrd.(D-Va) asked Jiim . at Sehatis investigation: "Who Adenauer Seeking U. S. Aid for Red Refugees By JOHN SCALI WASHINGTON (AP) — West German Chancellor Konrad Aden- was reported today seeking special American financial help in andlirig floods of refugees from Communist-ruled East Germany. This problem, with other tough* r onomic and trade issues, was up r discussion today with Secretary State Dulles, Foreign Aid Direc- r Stassen and other top American ficials. Adenauer was reported hopeful of U. S. financial backing for building big housing projects in West Germany, mainly to help absorb refugees. About 1,500 men, women and French Missle Gets 1,125 MPH ALGIERS, Algeria UP}— A French guided missile reached a speed of 1.125 miles an hour in level flight today at testing grounds near Here. The missile, known as the "Matra," s designed for launching from a carrier plane. It crashed to the rround after releasing instruments vhich descended by parachute. 32 Sixth-Graders Eagerly Eye Memphis Trip They Toiled For Thirty-two members of a Central Ward sixth grade class will harvest the fruits of their labors Friday when they entrain for the Midsouth Book Festival in Memphis. The youngsters of Mrs. Lillian Frank's class have been working for two months to raise money to make the trip. Bnby - sitting, dish • washing, lawn-mowing and other domestic chores have been among the activities by which they earned money. They'll depart on the early- morning train Friday and won't get back until midnight. Frisco' Railroad has arranged a special car for them and » couple of railroad officials will ride with the students along with Mrs. Frank, Elementary School Supervisor Winnie Virgil Turner and',Mrs. Horace Halford, a room mother. Fifteen of tho students havt never been on a train and several havenft been to Memphis. They'll go to the festival In Brooks Memorial Art Gallery at 10:30 Friday morning. There, they will meet Augusta Stevenson, biographer from Churchill, Miss., and author Tom Person. The students have studied books by both writers. They'll see originals of illustrations which appeared In the books and, after lunch, will go to Overton 'Park Zoo. Here, they will visit the bird house, of special interest, in view of the fact they'll be studying birds during April. Until train time, the youngsters, accompanied by (he three tidulls, will roam downtown Memphis, window-shopping and sight-seeing. ','The, children ore enthused over the trl," Mrs. Frank said. "Just stiiylng up until midnight is enough to make 'it •• red-letter day for thorn." men, women children daily are slipping through the Communist Iron Curtain into Western Berlin. The conversations that opened on the • Chancellor's arrival yesterday were reported to be moving smoothly. Officials said Dulles and Adenauer talked over Russia's current line of apparent conciliation and agreed it reflected no basic change in the Soviet dream of world domination. Wants Free Elections The German Chancellor was quoted as saying the West could test Russia's intentions by renewing proposals for free elections throughout Germany. He also reportedly asked for support pressing for the return of some 300.000 World War II West German prisoners believed still held by the Soviet Union. Apart from the discussions with Adenauer, the U. S. was reported to have worked out a new approach to the problem of Western European defense, based on a long pull for 20 to 30 years, rather than preparing for a "crisis year." Planning originally was aimed largely at readiness to meet a Soviet threat at a time when it was considered most likely. A recent target date was 1954. However, diplomatic officials said thinking had shifted In favor of a program, now accepted by the administration, which could be fitted into the TJ. S. economy on a long-time basis. It was argued such a military plan would be less subject to letdowns when "crisis years" passed. More Realistic The argument was made also front the Soviets with a substantially permanent powerful military force than to strain for an Immediate concentration of strength. This new approach was reported lo have been thrashed out In the National Security Council, the highest U. S. defense planning agency. Dulles was said to be planning to submit It at the North Alantic Council meeting April 23 in Paris. I Holland Elects Town Board Slate Sponsored By Women's Clubs Wins in Record Vote HOLLAND — In the largest vote this community has seen in nearly 20 years, five men were elected to serve on Holland's Town Board yesterday. John Duvall, Marshal Myrick. Sam Kcnley, Joe Lester and Dewey Kinley were the winners. Of 400 persons livine: within the city limits, 145 cast votes. Lagging interest was revived by responsible for this ammunition shortage. We want the name of the official responsible for the failure to let these contracts." Lovett replied that he thought under the system and procedure set" up in the army, it was utterly impossible to identify an individual or a group of individuals as those personally responsible. Then he added: "Assign it to the army as a whole.' Lovett told 'Investigating senators that when he took office as deputy defense secretary in September, 1950, Secretary of Defense George C. Marshall ordered an investigation into the ammunition nituation. First "Inkllne" In 1851 Bui lie said the first "Inkling" that he had of shortage in Korea was in September, 1951. This was five months after Gen. James A. Van Fleet went to Korea In April, 1051. Van Fleet, retired commander of the Eighth Army, Has testified there was a shortage the whole time he was In Korea. Earlier, Lovett had said that last December there was two or three :imes more ammunition in the Far East than the Americans had in army had held "complete delegar lion of authority" to make contracts. But he said when he left office last January the army still See AMMUNITION on Page 12 Lecibold Changes Pica as Second Charge Is Dropped Circuit Court completed all action except sentencing of prisoners this morning as the session was cut short for the second straight day when J. B. Lcauold altered his stoncl to enter a plea of guilty to j the charge of contributing to the delinquency of a minor. A charge of sodomy against him was nolle prossed on recommendation of the prosecuting attorney. Leabold waived formal sentcncini Observers Estimate Only About 100 U.S. Troops Are Included By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN, Korea (AP) _ The Communists today said they are ready to send home 600 disabled prisoners of war — a figure that includes only 150 Americans and other U N soldiers. The chief Allied negotiator asked for a recount, and added: "I have hopes we will get more.". Observers here predicted that only slightly more than 100 Americans will be exchanged. Rear Adm. John c. Daniel told the Communists their figure was "Incredibly small," and asked "that you.have these figures reviewed." He said later, however, hat "I have no reason to believo at the present time that they are not acting in good faith." The U. N. Command offered to •eturn 5,800 sick and wounded Communists-5,100 North Koreans and 700 Chinese. This is 7 per cent of he 83,000 pro-Communist prisoners and 4 per cent of all prisoners icld by the Allies. The Communist igure of BOO Is 5 per cent of the 2,000 to 13,000 U. N. and Korean >risoners the Beds have said they lold. Both sides named lower- evcl staff officers to work out administrative details of the exchange. The U. N. Command appointed Col. Williard B. Carlock ot Salveston, Tex.; Air Force Col. Douglas Kairns of Riverside, Calif.; and South Korean Col. Lee Sob Kyr^g. Tlie Communists named Kfdfth -Korean Col. Lee Pyonj rj and Chinese Col. Wang Chlng. In Session The staff officers went into ses- ion immediately after the liaison roups adjourned for the day. Daniel asked the Communists for complete revised text of the whole draft agreement on trans- er of sick and wounded so the U. N. Command could consider any changes "in one package and arrive speedily to the items which i are controversial." The .Communists have agreed to the main points of Daniel's plan, and said they will submit their versions of the rest. The Allied protest on the Communist offer was the stiffest state- nnd was given a 10-months term j merit yet made in the three-day-old at the County Farm. I conference. It was the first note That sentence was recommended [ of discord in the otherwise smooth by Prosecuting Attorney H. G. negotiations which Tuesday result- I: Partlow, who said that the 10- months sentence suggested, togeth- Normandy for the early phases of j er with the time Leabold" has spent the giant invasion of Europe in June, 1S44. Lovett said that in speaking of "unsatisfactory" performance on ammunition he had in mind ammunition for 155 mm howitzers, 105 mm howitzers, GO and 81 mm mortars and 4.2 Inch mortars. Lovett said he coula not understand a statement by Gen. J. Lawton Collins, army chief of staff, .hat ammunition had been rolling out of production lines since cer- ,ain "restrictions" on the army ir n j ,-, j L , J tain resuicuons on me army i H u, nd Federatcd Women ' B had been removed last November. Clubs which sponsored the slate of board members named above. Defeated candidates were O. B. Sanford, C. F, Sanford, A. R. Little. Lloyd Booker and Lawrence Stivers, Weather ARKANSAS—Considerable cloudiness and local thunderstorms in the north and east portions this afternoon and in northeast portion tonight. Warmer this after- nopn; Thursday partly cloudy and mild. MISSOURI—Showers and thunderstorms mostly .south and cast this afternoon; with local severe thunderstorms southeast; partly cloudy tonight with showers and thunderstorms east; Thursday mostly cloudy with increasing southerly winds; showers or thunderstorms west by late Thursday; cooler except southeast tonight, warmer Thursday; low tonight 4045 northwest to 50 southeast; high Thursday 60s north lo 70s south. Minimum tills mocnlnK—4fl, Maximum yt'Bterday—68. Hun rise tomorrow--C :37. Sunset today-fi:2.6. Preclp. 24 hours to 7 n.m.—nono. Prcclp, Hi nee Jun. 1—17.-17. Mean, tcmptrntnrn (midway between i iKh find low)—58.5. Normal menu for .April—61, This Date r.ast Year Minimum this morning—;i8. Minimum yesterday—68. Proclp, Jun, I to date—18,45, Lovott declared he didn't know of any restrictions on the army. "Disagrees With Collins "I find myself in complete disagreement with General Collins," the former secretary asserted. don't know what he refers to." Then he wt;nt on to say that he had taken the ammunition problcn "out of the army's control." He said from February, 1951, the In jail here awaiting trial, would actually equal a three-year term In the state prison where parole may be granted when one-third of the sentence has been sewed. Such parole is not available from the County Farm. Mr. Partlow then said his office recommended dismissal of the sodomy charge. Leabold changed his plea only 1 after a jury had been chosen to I hear the trial this morning. j This action cleared all cases ed in agreement in principle to exchange disabled POVVs. North Korean Maj. Gen. Lee Song Cho told Daniel, "We have offered the figures of sick and injured prisoners of war only after we have cheeked the matter in detail. Accordingly, I cannot find any reason why the figures are See t'OWs on Page 12 Osceola Legion To Honor Vets River Search For 'Suicide' Victim Planned ' 'OSCEOLA—Deputy Sheriff Cliff Cannon said this morning efforts to locate the body ol E.irlcne Tetter were scheduled for this afternoon If rough water on the Mississippi River subsided. They would not attempt to drag the river for the girl who is believed to have drowned herself last Saturday, he said, but would run the river in a skiff on the theory that the body would have risen by this time. New Information was revealed yesterday to further substantiate the belief (hat the 19-year-old girl had committed suicide as the note she left indicated. • Deputy Cannon said Jim Parks, who lives between the levees near the Jacksonville lnndln«, reported he saw the girl pass his house go- Ing toward the river shortly after sundown Saturday. slated to be brought before the i court this term. Only one case was actually brought to trial during the term. That was the burglary charge against -K,»."«<d Hodge. The courr. recessed until Friday morning when prisoners are to be sentenced Quake Rocks Chile SANTIAGO, Chile f/Pl-A violent earthquake shook Central Chile today, causing some panic but apparently no extensive damage or casualties. The epicenter was estimated at about 45 miles from Santiago. OSCEOLA—Mack Grider American Legion Post of Osceola will hold a Korean veterans banquet at 7 p.m. Friday at the elementary school. Wives and parents of men now on duty in Korea and parents of returned veterans will be special guests. Certificates of honor signed by Mayor Ben P. Butler will be presented to veterans present and to parents of men still in Korea or who have been killed in action. Aubry Guy of Memphis, WMCT announcer who recently returned from a trip to Korea, will be principal speaker. Lloyd Godley will bo master of ceremonies. A.E.C. to Encourage Private Investment in Nuclear Power WASHINGTON lift — The Atomic Energy Commission said today a policy program to encourage private investment in nuclear power has been adopted by the AEC and approved by the White House. Details will be given congress when the joint Senate - House Atomic Energy Committee begins learlngs after President Elsen- wwer sends the recommendations o eapitol hill. In answer to questions, a spokesman .sold: "The commission has formulated a power policy intended to create a wider opportunity for private Congress. "The policy proposals have been cleared by the executive branch of the government and the details and terms of the policies will be given to Congress when the joint committee conducts hearings on the subject. "The development of the policy has been gradual over a period of years and reached the final formulation, stage In recent months.'' It had been .learned earlier Congress may go to work within * month on such recommendations. James 0. Hagerty, White Houss press secretary, declined to com- nvcstment in private power field, ment on the report that the plan f the proposed policy Is accepted by had been worked out^ however.