The Nebraska State Journal from Lincoln, Nebraska on November 13, 1921 · 1
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The Nebraska State Journal from Lincoln, Nebraska · 1

Lincoln, Nebraska
Issue Date:
Sunday, November 13, 1921
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III III I SI Ml I 'II I Pages 1 to 12 'Nl AVitH Stniday Magazine Section FOUNDED 1867. :lincoln, Nebraska, Sunday, November ls,is2i. THIRTY-TWO -AGES FIVE CENTS j 'First j Section rt ii ill in A. y A BOTCH MADE ' IN FfflNCtTAX Confessions by Senators of Own Shortcomings. OSLY HALF-HE AETED ATTEMPT Accused of Both Indifference and Negligence. - Snarling Back and Forth by Majority and Minority Members When Something Better Was . to Be Expected. By Mark Sullivan. GopTrtgttt, Hil. by Now York ETantns; Post. a moment from consideration of a conference which we hope nltimately will redace our taxes, to the actual .tax bill which is about to be made t law and which determines our taxes for next year. It should be said in the beginning that there was and is no possible way in which our taxes for next year could be reduced. The senate did not have it witlrrn its s power to reduce the amount of money that must be raised. But that the senate could have made and ought to have made a more thoughtful and better considered tax bill no one need doubt. The senate did not really try to write, a sound new . tax measure. It merely made a half-hearted attempt to add patches to the old bill. Hardly ever has the senate, or congress as'a whole, tailed more completely to live riff to its opportunities and obligations. However, for testimony on this point no one need rely on the senate's critics. . Let the senators speak for themselves. t - Indifferent and Negligent. That the senators were Indifferent and negligent of theif duties in con-1 eidaring a bill which lays an average of about $40 on every human being n the United States, and an average tax of about $200 on every family, is proved by the words of the man who had charge of the measure, Senator Penrose of Fennslyvania. One day Senator Penrose said: "Mr. President I think that a measure of such overwhelming Importance certainly ought to have the attention of a greater number of sedators than has hitherto been the case, and with great reluctance I make the sngges-tinn of the absence of a quorum. I sincerely hope that as . many senators as possible will remain in the chamber to listen to the explanations which the members of the committee on finance are ready - from time to 1 ime to make as to any question con- ng " which ' senators desire en lightenment The trouble la that we call for a quorum, and the moment the call discloses a quorum the senate chamber Is again empty, and then after any explanation is made the vote shows an utter ignorance or disregard of the statements made by the committee. Handicapped by III Health. Senator Penrose personally probably devoted as much time to the bill as high responsibility called for, but always subject to the limitation of his impaired vitality, due to the state of his health. On this point there was an exchange of acerbities between Senator Penrose and a demo-critic critic of the bill. Senator Gerry of Rhode Island. Senator Gerry was one of the democratic members of the committee on finance, - and as such was supposed to give a reasonable amount of work to the writing of the bill. One day, after the bill had .been written and had - been brought into the senate for consideration, a republican senator, McCumber of North Dakota, being provoked by Senator Gerry's introduction of an amendment in the sessions of the senate, said: "One of the difficulties under which the committee labored was the continued absence of the senator from Rhode Island. If we had that constant attendance from those who now criticize the efficiency of the commit tee, probably we would have naa a bill that would have suited us all er." b this charge of being an absentee from the sessions of the committee, where it was his duty to be, Senator Gerry retorted that "the senator from Rhode Island was In attendance a good deal more than the republican memlers of the committee, not even excluding the chairman. Penrose Make Dfens. This reference to ttie chairman of the committee brought Mr. .Penrose to his feet. He said: "I do cot want to get into a disc ousslon of this trivial character, bat the senator from Rhode Island has gone out of his way to reflecton the efficiency of the finance committee. I want to say to him and to the senate, since he brings up the subject, that his presence and participation with the committee was negligible. So far as his giving any advice or lending any assistance, or expressing any willingness to serve on any sub-committee are concerned, absence and indilference were the predominating notes. For bim now to have the effrontery to refer in the way he has to the actions of the committee after his own course, ill-becomes him. .To this Senator Gerry replied: "The senator from Pennsylvania cannot well Judge whether f- was at the committee meetings or not. The senator from Pennsylvania himself was rarely at the committee meetings at any time in thafternoon, and prohahiy was absent more than nearly any other senator. JFpere was a gooo aea) more oikinis narling back and forth, in which both Senator Gerry and Senator Penrose mutually denied, with great heat, the charges made against each other. But nt the truth of the charge that senators generally were not alert to their responsibilities Jm connection with the bill there can be no doubt whatever. There is abundant proof of It In the record. On another amusing occasion, one of the democratic senators, Hitchcock of Nebraska, taunted Senator Watson of Indiana, who was acting more or less formally as republican - leader, with not knowing the meaning of a certain amendment, and offered , to "give the senator from Indiana a nice large red apple if he win explain the amendment in five minutes so that we can understand it. To this trust, Senator Watson replied, with naive seriousness, that be knew perfectly well what the . amendment meant, because he had just consulted an expert about It. Senator Hitchcock summed it al up by saying: "The trouble is that many of the senators have not been able to understand, when they read a committee amendment, what the committee was driving at. Members of the committee have stood here upon the floor of the senate and have deputed with each other as to what the. meaning of the amendment was." That many of the senators. Including some of the republican leaders, did not really have much'faith In the tax bill they were writing was franlfe ly charged by Senator Moses of New Hampshire, himself a republican. In speaking of Senator Smoot's effort to add a sales tax to the bill, Senator Moses said that this was one of the few sincere attempts that had been made to do something sound and far-reaching. The disagreeable but nnescapable truth ls-th the republican Benate has not written a new peace-time tax bill at all, but has -given the country for the fourth year after the end of the war, merely a Joseph's coat) made up of patches -on -the war-time tax bill. No Remedy Available. Unhappily, thase voters who do not like the tax bill which the republican majority wrote, and do hot like the manner in which they wrote it, do not have any readily available alternative. In this conection the 'democrats missed the greatest opportunities. They failed to write an alternative tax measure and call the attention tof the country to. it Nearly all that the democrats attempted in criticism of the republican measure was mere guerilla warfare. A few democrats, notably Senator Simmons of North Carolina, introduced amendments which were sound, and pressed them seriously. But for the most part the democratic course consisted In picking out easily" attacked features of the tax measure and making speeches about them. Even so, it Is nevertheless true that what the republicans did about taxation this year will inevitably figure to their embarrassment in the congressional and .senatorial elections next year; The republicans expect. to begin eartv next Tear the maktaar of & Teallv new tax-measure, and tbey hope thatf the country, in contemplating , . what the republican party is going to promise in 1922, will f orgel what they actually performed in 1921. - - While the republicans In the house and the senate have been indefinite and irresponsible about carrying, out the party's .campaign . pledge. th republican leaders outside of the house and senate do not feel that way about it. The more serious republican leaders are deeply concerned not only with the senate's treatment of the tax measure, but with the whole ' conduct of congress during thepresent cession. They apprehend that consequences unpleasant to the republican party may be expected to flow from it. j. HIGHWAYMAN. ROBS LINCOLN Y. W. C. A. Covers Frances Coleman Secretary, With Gun and Gets Away With Between Two and TSree .- Hundred Dollars. . " A highwayman entered the inner office of the Y. W. C. A. about 7;45 p. ra Saturday, and covering Mrs. Frances L. Coleman, night secretary with a revolver, took two boxes containing between two and three hundred dollars and made hia escape. As he ran from the building three men who had heard Mrs. Colman's cries took upv the pursuit but the robber jturned when he reached the south side of the street and fired once at his pursuers, who being unarmed gave up the cahse. Police were notified, and about 9:30 p. m. a suspect waa picked up at Twenty-first and O streets but was released after" Mrs. Coleman failed to identify him. , Mrs. Coleman was putting away the days receipts in the inner office which is on the main floor directly in the rear of the main -"office when she felt a draft In the room and stepped to the rear window to dose it. As -she took hold of the window the robber grabbed her hand and she looked out of the window to be greeted with the sight of the revolver and the robber's command to "Step hack. She did as ordered but refused to maintain silence and commence crying out The receipts of the day for the different departments are separated in different tin boxes, which were in the open safe. The robber grabbed the two boxes containing tbe noon and evening receipts, part of which was in checks, of the lunch room and started to leave the office. Mrs. Coleman, still crying, for aid, grabbed his -sweater which was tucked into a pair of overalls and held on until the robber jumped thru the window. The highwayman had scaled a projection of the basement from the tennis courts below and was preparing to enter the office when Mrs. Coleman started to close the windqw. ' After the man left.. Mrs. Coleman stuck her head eat of the window and called out that the .place had been held up. Duke Fiske, 319 South Thirtieth street, A. P. Allison, 1312 Q street, and Rex Streeter, Twenty-seventh and R streets, beard Mrs. Coleman's cries and started after the bandit, but gave up the chase .when he turned and fired at them. Mrs. Coleman described the man as unmasked ,and white! wearing a light cap,' red sweater, blue overalls and tan shoes. Police combed the city and railroad yards In an effort to locate the robber. -, . . WARMPRAISE GIYENHDGHES Even the Critical Senator Borah Is - ; Mightily Pleased. ' SPLENDID SOBT OP BEGINNING FJrst Great Triumph in Open Di-. plomacy - Commendation From ' the Political leaders of Both Parties. . By the Associated Press.-' NEW YORK, Nov. 12. The American program presented at the arms cohfrence was praised tonight by Senator Borah as -the-first great triumph of open diplomacy.: His statement follows: .. ."IHave only the most sincere praise for the manner In which Secretary Hughes has gone about the business of the conference. His open presentation of his program marks ad -epoch in the history of international relations. It will receive the commendation of the great body of people thru-out the three continents. It is the first great triumph of open diplomacy. To close the doors now, or at any time In the future seems incredible. - "As to the program, it is a splendid beginning, but I take it that It is only a beginning. I hope Great. Britain and Japan under the inspiration . of the great movement and In behalf of an Imperilled civilization, ,will move ':! ... H 1 -J ! a nil iifruitu tuwiuu inu uiatuiuir Tnt" , Party Leader Pleased. WASHINGTON, (No. 12. Cerieral and enthusiastic commendation -was given by members of congress today to the American plan for limitation of naval armament. Leaders of both parties joined in expressions of approval. "I feel that the program, a wonderful ideal, is destined for success, said Senator Page, republican, Vermont, chairman of the Benate naval committee. "I feel sure that the program, a feasible, practical and liberal . one, from the American and also other points of view, will be translated into an agreement. . Similar views were expressed by Senator Hitchcock, democrat, Nebraska, ranking' minority member of the senate foreign relations committee. " . "The- boldness and candor of Secce-' tary Hughes' proposals captured everybody," he said. Th program Is "enormous, and,'! believe, will be, a success. I felt proud that we had uch -secretary- of -state as" - Mr. Hughes." . . - . 'J- Senator '; Foindexter, . republican, Washington, who had active charge of naval appropriation bills in the senate, said the program presented "a very good basis if properly- worked out and guarantees for fulfillment are given. "The general plan, as I view it," said he, "puts the United States ton an equal footing with Great Britain and gives Japan a somewhat higher relative position." - Calls It Too Generous.. T am afraid we have been too generous at the outset," said Senator Moses, republican. New Hampshire, of the foreign relations- committee, stating that Jie proposed further study of the proposal. One democratic senator pointed out that the naval appropriation bill of 1916 had a clause giving the president power to conclude an armament limitation agreement without a treaty. Another pointed out that the disarmament clauses relating. to Germany in the treaty of Versailles declared Germany's disarmament was stipulated to prepare the way for other- powers to limit armament. From the same sources, came the suggestion that Germany might well be injtlted,to the conference, to be a party , to a voluntary agreement of limitation "as a factor of the French demands for army for potential defense against Germany. .... , Speaker Gillelt, ol the house, said: "The definiteness and explicitness of Secretary Hughes' proposals made one feel we were at last face to face with a new and auspicious far-reaching movement In the progress of civilization." Representative Mondell, republican, house leader, said: "The American plan goes further than even the most optimistic could have expected as the first suggestion. It sets to rest all doubt as to ourpurpose. and is so fair and reasonab'e that the Viations most affected cannot fail to real'za its logic and Its fairness. Without delav and without equivocation the president and the American eleeates have presented a plan, whtch. If adopted, ends all dangers ,of competitive naval armament for this generation." . , " Representative Garrett of Tennessee, democratic house leader: "It scratched the surface. No donbt the conference will try to dig etill deeper to reach, the end all people hope for." Calm and (Juiet Opening. The calm and quiet of Continental hall, beautifully decorated was a remarkable contrast to the opening of the peace conference at Paris. There was no -hurry and bustle, Ho overcrowded corridors, no atmosphere of Intense war hate America's meeting moved with well-defined precision. The delegates took'their seats head of- time, greeting each other cordially and with a friendliness borne of many contacts in the past. - President Harding was the most conspicuous figure of the dayr." The delegates listened most attentively to his address, delivered as it was with studied emphasis and earnest appeal, M'. Harding's manner was 'that pfa petitioner. Not a note of defiance, not a phrase of compulsion was In his apeech. It was a prayer for 'less preparation for war and more enjoyment of peace." The galleries broke into applause again and azain as the president drove home the points of his address.' Tt was when the president reached this paragraph that he . received ' a greai demonstration: "I can speak officially only- for the - United States. One ; hundred - millions ' frankly . want less of armament and none of war."-Hardly more than 1,500 persons saw the opening session members of congress, diplomats and 'their friends as Continental ihall, does not 'accomodate much more, as many of the seat had been taken out . to peoyide room for the delegates - : - JAPAN EEACY TO GO AHEAD In line for Disarming Independent f ." of Naval Bases. : WASHINGTON,- Nov. 12. Japan's disarmament delegation is prepared to reach an agreement on nayal limitation independently of the question of naval bases in the Pacific or settlement of far eastern political Prob lems, also to be discussed 4n Washing ton, Aamirai Baron Kato, heading the Japanese group, said tonight In making this . statement he amplified his earlier expression that the American proposals ' were -far' reaching," but probably formed a Buitable basis for conference discussion of the strictly naval phases of . the agenda. " The American armament limitation plan as outlined to tne armament conference .today by Secretary Hughes was described by Admiral Baron Kato, of the Japanese delegation as very drastic, but a good " proposal, to have been placea before ,the conference.- . " ' . ' . -'. Asked if. the, American proposal would be acceptable t6 Japan, Baron Kato said : "As a basis of discussion the American proposal- might be suitable." . : : - , - Baron Kato added that altho it was too "soon to express a definite opinion on the subject his. impression was that "Japan will comply with the American proposal as far as possible."" Premier. Briand of France came out of the conference animated -and. Intensely Interested . in what had taken place". - .... . ,V . "It la ' an excellent beerinning," pe said. I think the-' American government has begun the conference in the right way with frank proposal1) that go to the bottom of the nival arma-mentquestlon. - . Premier Briand and M. Vivian! of the French delegation .J.o the armament conference- late today went to the Japanese embassy and called on Admiral Kato and other members of the Japanese delegation. . HIGH PBICE, PAID F0S PICTUKE "Portrait of a Man" Becomes Property ef John McCormick. NEW YO&K, Nov. 12. Jom McCor-maxk, the singer, has paid $150,000 for the "Portrait of a Man" by Franz Hal it was learned today. The Hals painj ing, from the jcollection of Count Zalpr oyski, - Polish . minister to . Fraiice.'j'ts on Ita way to this country. ' .The total of paintings bought abroad, by Ameiv lean this . year already runs into millions. . . -r .. .-' ::? , .v JAPA1SESE "DIET IS SUIOIOEED Imperial Bescript at Tokio Calls It V ' " for'Deeember" 24." - ' TOKIO, No. 12. An Imperial, -rescript issued today summons the Japanese diet to assemble December - 24 next. - .., vv :' PLAlf BY..PLAY PICTURE OF ,-. NEBRASKA-KANSAS GAME (OOCOFF PUNT-.. ' PENALTY PUMBL& X 1 - . ' siTElbCCPTOSQKkMKOMSS 3 FtRST 0 .80 30 -0 I FOURTH M to z I to eo 3o " o so y 3o- so io I Ul":..' , s 5 ' A '' 1 1 "Kr ' ' l '" , jj SECOND QUARTETS? f " ' ' V "" 7? .nmxmtvm torn ' ' : y . " ""-- ' . :-, . ' ' 1 i j ' ' r. -THIRD QUARTER r 'I , .... ( t- gj O" o ao so o - so o ae ao o , - -'- - : -V--""r-g: HUSKERS WIN FROMKANSAS ' ; , Nebraska Triumphs Over the Visit- . ' ors- 28 to 0: . ' JAYHAWXS MAKE HARD vFIGHT -fz' ' . !' Thousands ' Witness " Homecoming ; Day Clash Between the Ancient Hivals Saturday at Ne-' - Bsaska Field. Coach Dawson's Cornhuskers did It again, drubbing the Kansas Jayhawk-ers by a 28 to 0 score on the Nebraska field Saturday. A, crowd of better, than eight thousand people packed the Btands and bleachess, flowing out into the . sidelines, to witness the annual scrap on Homecomings day and saw Nebraska's old enemies tramplad in the sawdust .. . . - . Coach Potsy Clark's eleven 'showe'd np excellently against the Huskers; outweighed and outplayed at every turn. . The Jayhawks line held up well against the onslaughts bf the Husk-er backs and in turn the Kansas backs penetrated the.Huskef line for gains on "several occasions. The Kansas back field' was composed of . several speedy and heady, players, Spurgeon, fullback, being the bard, line smasher of the quartet. ... Kansas Coach Speak. . "We are hot discouraged over-the result of the game," said Coach Potiy Clark of the Kansas team following the clash. "We played ; against - a stronger, better, heavier ' team and were defeated.-' Nebraska has the best team I have ever seen atthe Husker Institution. They, deserved, to win We fought hard an did our best. Kansas is not discouraged." , j ,: The Kansas mentor stated that the team came- up from Kansas primed to win but that he did not expect "to lose by as large a margin as was scored -should' .Kansas be defeated. The Jay hawkers, he stated, suffered no injuries worthy of mention, Wilson' recovering from what appeared to be a '.serious injury when he was taken out of the game. " : " ' WUson, the K-S7. pilot, was a stellar" player for the Jayhawker aggregation, passing, running and guidicg his team "against Nebraska odds. Mo-Adams, halfback, did the punting for the visitors and his work was good, the husky fullback Spurgeon, smashed the , Husker line a number-of times for goodly . gains. ' Blaek ' and HcDonald afen'ds and Griffin at halfback;- oo-op grated witn Wilson in TTbmpteting several forward passes "for goodly gains. McDonald "picked1 one throw -out ' of the air . for a- thirty yard gain whjch carried the1 ball deep into Husker territory. . -T ' .; - ' . . . N Play In Kansas Land, ' The Huskers "carried the play into Kansas, territory and, kept the visi tors on tne aeiensive most or me time during the- entire game. The-Nebras ka backs were strong on lino bucking, .Hartley and Wright slaughtering BMXKOUJED. PGRW4RO M9S JBRMWO pBS WOlXTE J K4NSA5 rvtu. q-nquce sactrMtfOowN QUARTER SO Q 3Q SO IO 5UARTE:Rg THE WEATHER? bnka: Snow or rain and raider Sunday; Monday partly cloudy and colder. Iowa: fiw or rain Sunday t Monday unsettled 'with poaslbly anow or rain in cant portion; colder Monday. Kansas: Partly cloudy aim somewhat unsettled Sunday and Monday; somewhat colder. - ' WASHINGTON, Nov. IS. Veatber. predictions for the week befianins nehday foLlow: Upper Misgisaippi and loner Missouri vaUeys: Temperature near or above normal, witb fenerally fair weather, except for occasional light rains or snows In upper Mississippi vulUy. MEMBER OK THS ABSOCIATKO FRKS9 Tns Associated press is exclusivity entitled to the use for publication- of all news dispatches credited to it or not otnerwlss credited tn this papsr and also the local news nuhllsheq herein - ' the Kansas flanks for numerous gains thru the line. Preston did a great deal of carrying . on his 4wn r hook much to Nebraska's benefit. : - Lewellen's punting and ,'work on rounding the ends i aided materially In getting the ball to the Kansas line Hartley, besides his line drives, counted in the aerial attack. - Russel's work was'of extra caliber and Swanson played another feature game, nailing one Kansas pass and Carrying it to the Kansas ten-yard line. "Chick Hartley, rllusker fullback, was by far the -star of the Nebraska bacKfleld. " Hartley's .- line smashes wunded the .light Kansas forward wall to such an extent that the Huskers were able to push thru for good gains on almost every play.. . Hartley's passing and hong dashes around the Jayhawk wings also helped toward the Husker victory.- ; Two , of the Husker counters were pushed across by the sturdy Nebraska fullback.. Captain Swanson did excei?nt work j at his wing, spoiling numerous Kansas aerials and saving Nebraska the stigma of a tally against her. Running interference on returned punts and handling the signals when Preston left the field the Nebraska chieftain managed the last quarter of the gam$ with, the hand of a veteran. .Lyman and Pucelik at tackle and guard, upheld Nebraska's left wing against the smashes of the mighty Spurgeon on . numerous occasions, breaking ! thru several, times and breaking up. the Kansas Interference spilling Jayhawk runners for yards of loss. ' . i , - . Dawson Changes Backf ietd. The Jayhawker team, preceded by the Kansas university band of forty- five pieces and followed by a squad of rooters, marched .: onto . Nebraska field Saturday afternoon prepared to do battle with : the traditional op- ntnant few rnnm Koneoe MDn w n a Ita ponent for whom Kansas reserves its hardest fighting. With but one veteran in the line, and the team weakened by the death of a strong flayer a few days ago, the. Jay hawkers invaded , Nebraska with the! fighting spirit.;unlmpaired. v UTHe , final period of play -witnessed a complete revision in the Husker backfieid, Coach Dawson sent Noble in to relievo : Wrigt : at, half In the third quarter. . In the last; quarter he supplanted Lewellen by Russell, Preston by DeWits and finally drew Hartley out, sending iff Laytonr to relieve him.'"- ! V ; The -new backfieid was not given any length . of time tov get its stride and waa unable therefore to do any stellar work, Russell alone featuring with a touchdown. Noble's work during the last half was of excellent caliber. Wenke At tackle in place of Weljer, ,did the kicking off and showed up well on defensive work. Hia weight was too much for the Kan-san front and a number of Jayhawk plays. were smashed in the embryo stage by the new Nebraska tackle . "I am certainly glad to win said Coach Dawson following-the game. "Tha men were worn out on the Pitt trip, bad a bit of over confidence, held no fear for Kansas while the visitors came up wth'a spirit to defeat Nebraska that was dangerous to the Hunkers. I am glad tov have won. In fact I feared we might not win, now-ing the state of mind of the men, the spirit of the.aKnsans and the chances that Nebraska might not get off right. , ' - .. ' The Nebraska : mentor stated that the long trip and victory over Pitt had some effect on the Huskers t-give them the. Idea that Kansas could not beat them. The Nebraska mentor nviAcu au TT ecu. UXlVillg lb lllkU tll3 Huskers that they should not be over confident in meeting their ancient ri-yjtls.. 1 A multitude of visitors swarmed in to the- Nebraska field to witness the game: Omaha sent a special train with several hundred sightseers while the specal from Kansas carried some five hundred 'spectators including the K. U. band. ' . The Homecoming day celebration went off in grand style, the Nebraska field being decorated in the colors of the two institutions and both teanfs having support that carried them into the game with a fighting spirit The stands were In a continual uproar, two bands playing most of the time and cheer leaders keeping the rooters tearing oat their throats in support of their teams. . "Corncobi" Stage Act The 'Corncobs, a Nebraska fpep' organization recently, founded upon the campus, sted a two actscomedy between the halves much to the amusement of the larga audience. A tall Nebraska lad dressed in the uniform of a football man and carrying a battle axe marched out on the grid-ironwhere a large imitation Jayhawk containing another' Nebraskan, dared prance on nhe Husker field in deft ance of Nebraska. With rfne Jong slash the grid hero cut off the Jayhawk'a head leaving him to kick up the sawdust of Nebraska in his death agonies. A funeral procession with pall-barers carrying a large coffin and followed by some fifty mourners, marched out on the field, to where the dead Jayhawk lay. The Jayftawk was placed in the coffin and -carried off the field, a sextet from the Cornhusker band playing a funeral dirge as - the 'procession marched away. : The 'Cornoobs. some thirty In number, were armed with corn stalks and cob pipes and were dressed in red sweaters and white duck trousers. The coterie of 'pep artists formed a large 'N' on the gridiron and sang while the Nebraska band circled about them .and threw the 'N Into relief. (Contined on Pago 7-AJ iHUGHES HAS DRASTIC PLAN "OF DISARMING - - - -rp ; ' 7-t ' . S '" V Sweeping - ChJlejige by Secretary, to World's Naval Powers. STOP. BpiLDIRO SHIPS OF WAE And Destroy Those Now in Process of Construction. A- PB.0P0SAI ACTS AS BOMBSHELL Foreign Delegates Stunned by Boldness of American Bid Suggests Fit Strength for Three " (Countrjes. By the Associated Press. WASHINGTON, Nov 12. More drastic and. far-reaching than the most ardent advocate of disarmament dared hope, America's ' proposals .were suddenly laid before the arms conference Today for the first time by Secretary Hughes. A ten year naval holiday, is the proposal, and the United States, Great Britain and Japan shall scrap sixty-six capital ?hips aggregating 1,878,043 tons. , . .. Within three months after the conclusion of an. agreement, the United States would nave eighteen : capital ships. Great Britain twenty-two v and Japan ten. Tonnage of the three nations, respectively, would be 500,650; 604,450 and 299,700. PLAN OF REPLACEMENT. Ships when twenty years old might be replaced, ' and the replacement seheme is 500,000 tons for the United States, 500,000 tons for Great Britain and 300,000 tons for Japan. No replacement ship could exceed - 35,000 tons. . The United States would scrap thirty- capital ships aggregating 843,- 740, tons ; Great Britain nineteen ag- gating 583,375 tons, and Japan sev- r . . . enteen. aeeretratinK 448.928 tons. The" figures include old Ships to be scrapped, "snips" building or for which material has -been . assembled. ' Characterised by Baron Kato, chief Japaneee,..delegate as. '.'very far-reach ing,'.' bnt probably auitable as a basis for discussion, ;, and by Mr. Balfour, head of the British delegation, as a "&t&teamanUke ntterance, . pregnant withinfinite possibilities - nd most hopeful of satisfactory r.esults," the American proposal, concrete and detailed, fell on the opening moments of the great conference like a bombshell. Foreign delegates were stunned. FEATURES OF THE ROPOSAL .. The principal features of the American plan propose: That for not less than ten years, competitive-. naval building .cease as between. Great Britain, ' the United States and Japan. That Jill capital ships building or planned be scrapped and a few recently placed In the water ,be destroyed within three months of ratification of the 'agreement, , That tha . older ships also ne destroyed, reducing the British force to twenty-two battleships, thar American to eighteen and the Japanese to ten, each ship to be retained being named. That during the agreement no- capital craft be. laid down except under a detailed replacement scheme included in the proopsal, which would provide for ultimate quality of the British and American fleets and for a Japanese force at 60 per cent of the strength of either of the .other two. That all other naval craft be similarly provided for in the same ratio, specific figures for aggregate tonnage in each class being laid down. ' " AIRCRAFT. DISREGARDED. r That naval aircraft be disregarded in the scaling down .processes as a problem Incapable of solution owing to the convertibility of commercial aircraft for war purposes. That no naval building be undertaken in any of the three countries on foreign acount during the agreement. That no capital ehips hereafter laid down exceed 35,000 tons. That the life of a "battleship shall be fixed at twenty years, and that ships to be replaced shall be destroyed before the replacement vessel is more than three months passed completion'. That no - battleships replacement whatever be undertaken for ten years from date of the agreement That no combat craft be acquired except by construction and none be so disposed of that it'mlght -become part of another navy, , That regulations to govern conversion of merchant craft for war purposes - be drawn up. because of the Importance of the merchant marine "in inverse ratio to the size of naval armaments." " , Those are fie features of the sweeping challenge Secretary Hughes presented to the other naval piwe-s. There was complete detail covering every phase of the question,' but the hessence Ml the proposal lay in this mat tne unuea mates unervu- ru far -Beyond what Bhe asked Great Brit tain or Japan to do, viewed from the finanical losses Involved. The whole American big shipbuilding profrram is on the stocks while Great Britain Jias no capital 'ships under construction and the' Japanese' "eight and eight" program is as yet largely on paperw ATMOSPHERE OF CORDIALT. Seldom has a conference of nations assembled in an atmosphere of greater cordiality than that whieti enveloped the opening session of. the armament conference. From the moment Secretary Hughes called the conference to order until the last delegate had departed the deference everywhere apparent was a notable featdre. Even the astonishment of deletfites ard spectators at the naval reduction proposal of the American government 'failed to halt ihe exchange of courtesies or develop any manifestation f doubt that the . negotiations would be crowned wii success. " , . A. J, Balfour, head of the British delegation, was. the first among foreign delegates "to strike the general note of harmony. , He received prolonged pplaus when he proposed that as an extraordinary tributeo Secretary Hughes and the nnlterTStntpn the cwrolinr I of state act as chairman by tommon consent ana without a .formal election- - The galleries helped the spirit of good feeling along by calling for one another of the distinguished foreign-delegates until every head o visit- -ing delegation ha spoken. . V - 1 Premier Briand of r "ranee, was - the irst brought to his feet Then fol lowed similar demands for Prince Tokugawa, head of the Japanese, and ' for representatives of Italy,. China, Belgium,;Holland and Portugat.'Mem-bers of congfesg took a leading part. In ihe spontaneous demonstrations. Premier Briand declared . France was entering the conference "with all" her Vill and with all her heart" and ' was ready to make any sacrifice for . success, provided. only her own sWety were kept secure. "Here with our friends,' he con- tinned, "we shall speak heart to heart and looking into each other's eyea, and we shall tell you in what situation we find ourselves and we shall let you know all we:an do." . - APPLAUSE FOR PRESIDENT. . Mr. Harding read his speecb slowly and deliberately from, small printed pages which he held in the hollow of his left hand. Witt his right he punctuated his -statements with driving s-. tures. The first applause came whoa , the president declared that the Confer- ence must have a "6ignal influence on the fortunes of the world. ' . ' , "There was m'ore applause when . Mr. Harding asked hpw civilization -ever could justify he destruction ox the last war. Stiir again he was an- swered by loud clapping when he said war should be "outlawed"' and-, the resources of the world turned into con' structive channels. , , There was the tensest silence as tha president pronounced, the keynote of the conference as follojra: . "The United . State welcomes you with unselfish hands. We harbor no fears; we have no sordid ends to . serve; we suspect no enemy; . contemplate, or, apprehend no conquest. Content with what we hase weseek nothing that is anothers. We wish to ' do with you what finer nobler thing which no nation can do alone. We ' wish to sit with you at the table of internatlpnal - understanding and good will. In good .conscience we -are eager to meet you frankly and Invite and offer co-operation. The -world; de- " mands a sober contemplation of the existing order and the realization that there can be no cure without sacri-"i fice, not by one of us, but by all "of 1 us. I do - not mean Surrendered rights, or harrowed freedom, or denied aspirations, or ignored natlonaf necea-sitjes), Our republic would no mors -askvfof these than It would give. No ' pride need be bumbled,, no nationality submerged, but I would have a merg " ence of minds committing alt of ns to less preparation for war and more en-poyment'of fortunate peace. " LESS ARMAMENT, LESS WArL 1 The audience and some of the dele- gatlons came to their feet applauding when- Mr. Harding declared America wanted less of armament and none of war," and wanted to work to that id. As the president left the hail amid applauae, Secretary Hughes announced that French and English would be the languages used. Thv president's speech had been printed in both. . ' , , ' Mr. Balfour of Great firttahv- said that the president had- provided the conference with the motto "simplicity, honesty and honor," and nominated Secretary Hughes for permanent cnairman. . . "The sectetary was. ronndly ap plauded when he presented the Amer-' "' ican proposal. When he had concluded cries of "Briand" brought, ihe French premier to his feet, thanking the president, and saying "France Is with you in every way. - - . A call for Japan resulted In Prince Tokugawa speaking briefly in English: "The world needs peace." Senator Schanzer of Italy reppond-ed briefly in English to calls far-Italy. ; .- With scattering cries for other speakers. Chairman Hughes took charge of the situation and called on the various delegates. "There war applause when Spiintnr Todsre was Introduced, the crowd look ing for a speech. ' But the senator. smiling, turned the applause into laughter by announcing: "I move -we adlourn!', " That ended the first open session , at 12:22 o'clockuntil 11 o'clock Tue-. day. '.. ' ..... r . - TEXT OF AMERICAN PE0P0SAL Details Given of Flan, to Keduce KaTy"t9 the Minimum. By the Associated Press. ' WASHINGTON, Nov. 12-F611ow. Vtng Is the full official text of the American Droposal for limitation Of world armaments, as laid before the conference: " s The proposal of the United States for a limitation of naval armament: The United States proposes the following plan for liml'ation of the naval armaments of the conferring nations. The United States believes this . plan safely guards the interests of all . concerned. t In working out this proposal the " Y V- '' " -: L

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