I! L2' f r- . 1 V - - VOL. XXIX No. 29 PRICE FIVE CENTS THURSDAY, APRIL 13, 1016. M ) i si n rni MORE ARMY OFFICERS A Chance for Commissions Seen in the Formation of New Regiments NEED SECOND LIEUTENANTS To Fill Vacancies that Will be Caused by Promotion of Officers of Lower Grades to Command Increased Military Forces. ENTRANCE EASY WITH RUSH Retired Veteran Telle What Is Required ia tie Way of Grit and Determination In Order to Secmre Cantnueaioni from the Ranks Urge Enlistment New by Theee Ambition for Shoulder Knote- The agitation for prepared ness, which bids fair to result in an increase of the military es tablishment, through legislation by the present Congress, will create a demand for a larger number of officers in the regular army, This demand, according to a far- sighted veteran, who has served with the colors for many years, will furnish an opportunity for young men of the race ambitious to enter upon a military career, to win their way to a commission as second lieutenant. That the p-oal is not imoossible of attain' Wxnent is proved by the example - t l ' t ne quotes, aunougn me ias& is not one for weaklings. But let the veteran outline the situation: "As it is highly probable that several colored regiments will be added to the army upon the passage ot either ot tne military bills now before Congress, and as many vacancies in the grade of com missioned othcer will be created, i wouia urgently recommend that our news papers and our race leaders make a determined fight for the appointment of as many Negroes as possible to the grade of second lieutenant in Negro regiments. "As every increase causes the promotion of officers of lower grades to fill vacancies in new regiments, it is quite probable that the increase proposed by either bill before Congress would cause the promotion of every second lieuten ant in the army. As that is the- lowest commissioned grade, what would be more reasonable than that these va cancies should be filled by Negroes- than that we should here start on the rawest round of the ladder? Is it possible that in this day, and at this time, the Federal Government would follow its old tactics to keep us out? True, there is no law barring the Negro, but by all manner of discouragements he has been made to see that he is not wanted; and appointments from civil life which are entirely in the hands of the President have not, to my knowledge, ever been given a Negro. But I don't know if any have ever applied.' "In the comparatively small increase in the army in 1901 hundreds of men ere commissioned who never would have been so fortunate in ordinary times. Davis and Green got in. This is not meant to reflect on their ability, as both nave proven to be highly proficient and able officers, but merely to draw attention to the fact of how much easier it u to get in during the rush than in normal times. "As the man- with some military experience has the advantage over the man with none, I would urge that young men ith military taste and suitable educa tion and physical ability, who desire to try for commissions, begin enlisting now for the four existing regiments so as to be prepared to compete at the proper iime. The present law requires a serv- 'i' ? two yea" in tne ranks t0 te eligible to receive a commission, but dur- m? the rush in 1901 it was reduced to m year, and I believe the same will be one when the army is again increased. cides,. with assistance, if desired. .dis ttirgc could be blHaihe'd.Jqr ljerp fife 0f acccPtin commission from. civil .r.'8 mat'er should be brought to the attention of the leading military men of ne race in civil life those'holding rank n militia organizations. For the asking, ju'l particulars as to the" requirements or PPl'cants for commissions either Torn the ranks, or from civil life, may 'ufrTn the War Department t i the wealth, education and'cul-i..r5- m,nv families of our race in the leading cities of the country, and the .k ij1? the nation which - some day snouid he ours, it would to me seen) a Rreat shame if we fail at ;thr time to Prepared to take-advantage of so 1;a an oprxirtunitv. Much has been 'aid ah0l,t the inability of our men to tn,,,MmSu,ons from the "tiki, but the K i il' the r,cht material doesn't en-erL. t e met 5n the aVmy many Ne-RToes from colored colleges, but in most faV 7 We,re fai,ures in civil life, and S .m',V Lood " idlers. We termination that' would take . thetri . - - -t through West Point had they been so tortuiiate as to have been appointed there, just as it took Flipper, Alexander and Young through, and which is to-day keeping Young, Davis and Green in the army. WORLD WRITER TELLS ABOUT NEGRO TROOPS The correspondent of the New York World, accompanying the United States troops in Mexico, writes the World on April 8, concerning the battle on April 1, engaged in by a detachment of the TenUi Cavalry, near the village of Aquascalientes at San Antonio Canyon. Concerning the Negro troopers the correspondent, B. C Utecht, writes as follows: Following the battle at Guerrero, in which forty-six Villistas were shot down, fifty others being found later buried at Bachineva, the American troops pursued relentlessly, and last Saturday part of the Tenth Cavalry under Col. William C Brown came upon a large body of the enemy near the village of Aquascalientes at San Antonio Canyon. Here the Mexicans thought they were safe, as their hiding place was well chosen and almost impossible of discovery. The American attack, as at Guerrero, came as a surprise, but this time there was no Mexican spy to give warning. Mexicans were lolling in the grass, eating or sleeping, as it was noon, when Mexicans dislike to be on the move. Their horses were grazing nearby and the Mexicans did not know of the proximity of the Americans until the first crack of a rifle. Then they leaped for their horses and again there was a short running fight The shots of the Americans told almost every time, while the Villistas failed to inflict any losses of consequence, according to reports. Vil la s losses are reported to have been more than thirty. The remainder of the band is still being pursued into the canyons. the tenth Cavalry is composed ot Negro troops, and the battle on April 1 was the first time Negro soldiers had ever ought against Mexicans, the Negro is held in high respect in the army, for he is known as an able fighter and keeps well disciplined. Just a few days before Cot. Browns right, I heard uen. Pershing discussing the Negro sol diers. "They are among the greatest fighters in the warld," he said. "They are a hardy lot and love the game." . I have seen these Negro soldiers march all day in high spirits, humming songs together. I have never heard them com plain. They keep their camp in neat or der, which means much work, and after evening mess . they gather around the fires for tongs, card games and stories. I saw these Negroes day after day doing these things, and they went into battle just the same way, light heartedly, yet determined to make good records and please their officers. It mattered not to them whether it was a battle, card game or a frolic the job must be a good one, and a good one they made it IRVIN COBB GIVES WRITERS A SURPRISE Irvin Cobb, war correspondent and novelist a sutherner born and bred, was a guest at a recent dinner given by the Society of Composers, Authors and Songwriters at Keen's Chop House, West 41st street James W. Johnson, contributing editor of The Age, and J. Kosamond Johnson of the Music bchoo settlement are the only colored members of this organization. They were present at the dinner. When Mr. Cobb, whose racial pre judices are well known, was called on to speak, he made the following declara tion, remarkable because it was made by Jrvin Cobb: Ms. President: I appreciate the honor of being here. I am a southerner, an inheritor of all the prejudices of that section. But I esteem it a privilege to be the guest of an organization that recognizes talent and ability, regardless of race, creed, condition or the pigment of the skin, giving to that talent and ability the recognition to which it is entitled." His sentiment aroused enthusiast! applause. James W. Johnson was one o the speakers, the others being Victo Herbert, composer, Wilson G. Mizner playwright Rufe Goldberg, cartoonist Seymour Brown, song writer, Irvin Ber lin, song writer, and George Cohan, ac tor and play writer. MELVIN CHISUM. LEAPS FROM TRAIN TO JAIL special to Tel Ktw YOII AOS. Oklahoma City. Okla. According to the Black Dispatch of this city, Melvln J. Chlsum, convicted of criminal libel In the district court of Logan county, made a futile and final attempt to evade the clutches of the law, by leaping' from a railroad train. Ottcera here received word early Monday to apprehend Chlsum. who toad fQiia pj-f n fn -pp'trrnf ft. In rl"ti-i He on the date required. County Attor ney Swank asked, for -eommUrnent Monday. . which wasn rajitA.. Depute 4ifcrdflL JJaie.Saj vityited lh '-locat-1 iV (laMOT K IIUUIV .A81HI1U Irani, W-ltll a ttrket .to Memphis, Tenn. Chlsum watched hia chance and leaped from the train. Sanders- followed and was successful' In- overtaking his man. Chlsum was taken to Guthrie where he will be remanded '. to Jail for the nonpayment Of fine, and costs In the now famous case 'that grew out of the upheaval at Lanfrston University last fall.-- E. E. McDanlel, of Muskoge Okla., and Coodyv Johnson; of Wewoka, are the1 men . wbotquallfied on Chisum's bond durlnr all of hist former trials. It la said that they Refused-to longer hia surtelea because, . of fear that might attempt to leave the state. be he AMERICAN' SECRETARY COMING FROM LIBERIA The State Department has granted a furlough to .Secretary Bundy of the American Leration at Monrovia. Liberia, and the United States truiser Birmingham is bringing the secretary and. his wife to this country. This is an unusual honor which the government is paying Secretary Bundy. who is having the first relief from duty in. four years, -..-,. - 1 , v RABID ADVERTISING Ifl NORFOLK PAPER Municipal Campaign Calls Forth Sensational Appeal to Race Prejudice REV. C. S. MORRIS THE ISSUE Baptist Preacher Charged With Making An Address to a Whit Audience and AtUckieg tke Present Mayor in the ' Interest ef An Opposition Ticket The Old Spirit ef KeKIusJsea Uveked. Special to Tn Niw Yeaa Aon, Norfolk, Va. This city has just emerged from the throes of an exciting municipal primary cam paign. The present mayor, Wynd- ham K Alayo, was opposed for re election by the citizens Farty, wnicn made an active canvass . against him. In the course of the campaign it appears that the Rev, Charles Satchel! Morns, pastor o the Bank Street Baptist Church, and well known to many New Yorkers, made an address at the Majestic Theatre. His utterances evidently did not please the supporters of the present mayor, and instead of trying to refute them by proper evidence and argument, re course was had to the old dodge of appealing to race prejudice, ihis revival of the spirit of Ku-Kluxism took the more modern shape of a newspaper advertisement The weakness of the cause advocated may be gauged by the venom ap parent in this appeal. It follows, with all the emphasis that , head- lines in capitals can give: WHITE MEN OF NOEFOLKI SHALL WE RETURN TO THE -RECONSTRUCTION DAYS?" SHALL A NEGRO PREACHER DIRECT WHITE MEN HOW TO VOTE?" ON SUNDAY AFTERNOON IN THE CITY OF NORFOLK, AN OCCURRENCE TOOK PLACE THAT WOULD NOT HAVE BEEN COUNTENANCED IN ANY OTHER CITY IN OUR SOUTHERN COUNTRY. So anxious are the supporters the ill-advised supporters of the Citizens Party for success, that they hark back to the "dark days" and, from the stage of a certain theatre in this city there comes forward a NEGRO PREACHER, who, in spite of his apparently sacred calling, has sought to mix religion with politics, and this NEGRO stands before an audience of WHITE MEN, many of whom call themselves Democrats, and this Negro united with them in their meeting, advises with them, and by verbal innuendo, reflects upon the honor, the integrity, and the ability of WYNDHAM R. MAYO, the pressent Mayor of the city of Norfolk, a Virginian, and a gentleman. A circular is already being spread throughout the city, signed by Messrs. Steele and Derring, disclaiming any knowledge of C. S. Morris, or of any control over the meeting at which C S. Morris spoke. We make the following statement without fear of successful contradiction: First: C. S. Morris, a Negro preacher, did address (sitting on the stage with other speakers), a white audience at the Majestic Theatre on April 2nd, 1916. Second: He did not speak under the auspices of the Mayo and Hannan Committee. Third: Hte attacked Mayor Mayp and he did not attack either Mr. Steele or Mr. Derring., . . Fourth:', No sane man could construe his1 remarks' other than an appeal foLeon C. Steele and his ticket. Therefore we ask in whose be-, half was this meeting held .at the : Majestic Theatre? MAYO AND HANNAN COM-MITTEE. "Commenting on this occurrence tTie Journal and Guide, a weekly paper published in Norfolk, said: It Is unfortunate that the Negro Is placed In such a situation politically that he cannot honestly and decently protest against clvlo unrighteousneaa without having political opportunists seize upou ' such protests as a occasion for making political capital. It Is unfortunate that without having the power to cast a single ballot to determine in the slightest degree the Issues or control of the Democratic party the race Is stigmatized in its factional and general campaigns and used as an instru- , ment for stirring the baser passions of Impressionable minds to the debasement of the Negro race and the elevation of .political opportunists. " In the efforts of the . Democrats ' to deprive the Negro of the benefits ot the ballot they! have dls-enfr- nchlsod nearly tiAlf ' tbi V I white men in the State and established a government by the minority. In their efforts to regulate corporate Interests they have precipitated an endless conflict between the legislative and Judicial branches of the government; the state la no longer able to exist without taxing the Income of private citizens and taxation is no longer common. These conditions are fomenting revolutionary tendencies, that like a smouldering; volcano, threaten the social and political structure. BUILDING FOR NEW YORK ODD FELLOWS In accordance with a proposition adopted 'at the last session ot District Crand Lodge, No. i. brand United Ur der of Odd bellows, jurisdiction of New York, dehnite plans have been projected tor the erection ot a building in New York City, to be owned, controlled and managed by the Order.; To this end, articles of incorporation have been taken out lor "The Head quarters Building Association of the Grand United Order ol Odd Fellows of the State of New York, (Inc.) with a capital stock of $50,000. This is divided into 'ten thousand shares, par value, $5, and many of the most prominent men and women of the city are at the head of affairs. The stock will be sold to the public generally as welt as to members of the Order, and it is now on sale at its par value. '' .. The list of officers include members of all branches of the Order, the women having representation also, and the roster for the first year is as follows: Jas. F. Adair, Mamilton 710, president; Chas. H. Gibson, Manhattan 5477, vice-presi-dena; John W. Simmons, Philonathean 646, secretary; Edward , Henry, Alpha 1381, treasurer; Mrs. Nannie R. Ggver, Vincencio H. R.,1318, assistant secretary; Wilford H. Smith, counsel; executive committee: W. David Brown, J. Thomas Johnston, James A. Glasgow; board of directors for first year: Jas. F. Adair, Mrs. Nannie R. Gover, Edward Henry, William J. Smith, , Charles H. Gibson, John W. Simmons, J. Thomas Johnston, James A. Glasgow and W. David Brown. 1 he omcers and directors are all stockholders in the corporation those who handle money are bonded in a reliable bonding company of the city and no salaries are paid to any of the omcers. The president, J. F. Adair, is the district grand secretary of the, .District Grand Lodge, and for twelve ye?r has held a responsible position in the United States Customs Service. John VV. Simmons, -- . u i j - :l t. with the Grolier Gub, 2tJ ast 32nd street if i i it . 1 1 iic nas occn mere sixt"va years. uc is secretary -of Fhilomatheao Lodge' 644 the oldest lodge in the Order in America. Edward HenriK treasurer, is an ex- district grand master of the Order in the state, and has been with the Title Guar antee and Trust Co. for more than twenty years. The chairman of the ex- ecutive committee. W. David Brown, is : a successful business man in New York City, conducting two large undertaking establishments. He is district grand matter nf the stat nt New Vnrir nrt Grand Treasurer of the Grand United Order of Odd Fellows of America. Wil-i ford II. Smith, tounsel, is one of the strongest nractitioners at the New York bar i'' Mrs. busie bmith, $1; Mrs. Mary Special agents for the disposal of the ! Slaughter, $1 ; Mrs. Rebecca Sears, $1; stock will be named from the board of M"- L,1I'a Tyson, $1; Mrs. Cora Mc-district grand supervisors and the Ef- JJaken, W ; Mrs. Lillian Brown, SI; tort Club, composed of ladies from the Households of Ruth. 1 The supervisors are Howard Vincent Fry, Arthur G. Der rick, Walter Mims, George A. Marshall, Oscar Brewster, Allen Baird, Charles J. D. Kemp. E. W. Elliot Harrv Brieht and Joseph H. Shockley. Ladies from the Effort Club are Mrs. Mary Turner, Mrs. Louise Oranada, Miss Annie t Brown, Mrs. Maggie Goidwin, Mrs. Lena Chandler, Mrs. Milicent Wilkins, Mrs. Alberta Taylor, Mrs. Annie Barnwell Mrs. Mildred Smith and Mrs. Pinkie B. Walker. The president. J. F. Adair. 1212 St. K.j - in it lt Marks avenue, Brooklyn, or the secre- tary, J. W. Simmons. 26 West 135th street, will answer all inquiries concern ing the proposed buildings, subscriptions tor stock, etc NAMES OP JUDGES IN BABY CONTEST Throueh an unfortunate overii?hi last week," the name of Mrs. James S. erts. vice-president; John D. Younger, Anderson, 828 East 222nd street, Wil- financial secretary ; J. R. Harper, corres-liamsbridge, N. Y., was omitted from ponding and recording secretary; Dr. the list of ladies who officiated as judges Albert S. Reed and Dr. E. P. Roberts, in Thr New Vnmr A Rr-mrB phvsicians ; Allen J. Mason, chaolain. ("niiTicT Tha i-r,mnlii. f u. Board of Judges is as follows: MRS. I AM ks S. ANnFRSnV R?s v . .MISS MAYBELLE McADOO. 'iSfi vyt "1st street. MISS LOUISE LATIMER. 202 West 63rd street. MRS. CORA B. WINSTON, lftt W. 135th street MRS. MAUDE G. HALL. 917 Lafav- ett'e avenue, Brooklyn. MRS.. A. S. REtU, 316 West 52nd Street. DR. GERTRUDE McPHERSON. 188 West 135th street. MRS. MEDIA DODSON. 9 Douelass' street, Brooklyn. IFTEEN CHILDREN, 53 GRANDCHILDREN Special to TbS Niw Yok Aoa. Richmond. Va. Mrs. Catherine Lins- comb of Lynchburg, Va., after an illness pf about three days, passed away at the ripe oia age ot y: years, ane had wonderful vitality and spent the summer of 1913 with her son and dauehter. Mr. and Mrs. C. D. Lipscomb, in Atlantic City, N. J. She made her home with one of her dauehters and son-in-law, Mr. and Mrs Richard Jones of Richmond, where shtf died April 1. LTndertaker Price shipped the remain to Lynchburer, accompanied by Mr. and Mrs. Richard Jones and family. Funeral services were held Monday, pril 3 it Holcomb Rock Baptist Church. She was the mother of htteen children, fifrv-'hree grand children and twelv orrat errand children. She is survived by two sisters, eifTht children , and a Tiost of sorrowing'NfrierM- I BUSINESS V0MQ1 GIVE TO MEMORIAL FlffiD Coworkers of Mme. C J. Walker Organize Association Will Pledge $100 or Mors SOUTHERN BENEFICIAL LEAGUE Org aaixatioa Has Attracted National Attention Sine Its Large Subscription to Washington Memorial Fund -Easter Ball at Maahataa Casino to be i Kecera Breaker-umcers or tne League. Mme. C. J. Walker's local agents are among the latest to become actively interested in the campaign being conducted on be half of the Booker T. Washing ton Memorial Fund. On Wed nesday evening of last week over one hundred agents met at the Lelia College, 108-110 W. 136th street, and formed the Mme. C. J. Walker Agents' Benevolent Association. Pledges to the fund amounting to over $100 were made, and an agreement was reached to pay over the money to the local memorial fund committee no later than June 1. The meeting was presided over by Mme. Walker. The officers electt-ed were Mrs. Lelia W. Robinson, president ; Mrs. E. E. Green, vice-president; Miss Arline Saunders, recording secretary; Louis W. George, corresponding secretary; Mme. C. J. Walker, treasurer; Mrs. Jones, chaplain; Mrs. Lulu Bush, sergeant-at-arms.. Last Monday evening a second meeting- was held, and $30 or more was given to'Mme.' Walfcef for the fund. The agents are con fident of raising their sum before June 1. The members of the association who have given subscriptions to the Wash mgton Memorial Fund to date are: Mme. T. G Walker, $5; Mrs. L. Robin- J?". 1i,Mrs-4.f- J ureen, i ; Mrs. Prn Flynn, $1 ; Mrs. M. Hutchinson, $1 : Mrs. Irene Huvler. $1 : Mrs. M. Boddie, $1 ; Miss Louise Langhorne, $1 ; Mrs- A- Goodwin, $1; Mrs. Addie Rob- "!?. . M- mma ijurweii, i ; MlM tuanche &cqtt, i ; Mme. c. Bone, T,-,,x,i f ' t ii MeninghaL $1 : Mrs. Helen Harper. $1 : Mrs. Geneva Page, $1; Miss L. Cod-rington, $1; Mrs. L, B. Scott, $L Officers ef 8outhern Beneficial League. Since announcement was made by the Booker T. Washington Memorial Fund Committee of Greater New York that the Southern Beneficial League had voted to give the bulk of its proceeds, which will amount to about $1,000, from the big TEaster reception and ball which w"j t"ri s'"' :" wuiiudy cycuniK, rvuru it, many in- iPiM ',.. w ;,j !,f f ,own ahm,t thi nraan.Wmn The Southern Beneficial League was organized in May, 1886, and has seventeen hundred members. It is one of the strongest organizations in New York, and its financial affairs are in excellent condition. The officers are: Thomas W. Grigsby, president : Archie B. Rob- Board of Managers: Robert R. I.arI-1 son Granville O. Paris,- Daniel P. D." Agaru, wamer Holmes Hdward .Walker. Tohn W. Hudsneth Tohn D.. Hadwin, George Deas and Cyrus H.1 Trent. I Auditing Committee Joseph R. Har- per, Paul llargrave and Granville O.' Paris. Sick Committee--Allen T. Mason, Theodore B. Smith and William H. W. Johnson. Admissions Committee Moses W. Slaughter and Joseph S. Williams. Marshals Moses W. Green and Hil- larv Hebron, Executive Committee Hillary Hebron, chairman; Robert R. Ladson, vice-chairman ; Granville O. Paris, secretary, Daniel P. Agard, assistant secretary; John D. Hadwin, tresaurer, Edward E. ee, sergeant-at-arms; D. Lincoln Reid, Moses W. Slaughter and George Deas. The committee most in the public eye just now is the Reception Committee owing to the big Easter ball, and is composed of William Heir, chairman; M. A. Henson, vice-chairman; Anthony McCarthy, J. E. Smith, Samuel Brown, W. M. Pugh, Wm. Rose, C. P. Williams. Tames M. Kelley, E. E. Ragland. L. M. Jackson, Wm. J. Mercer, William E. Mickens, Walker Holmes Joseph Queen-an, T. B. Smith, Chas. E. Beaudcr. B. L. Hicks, F. S. Grant A. E. Herbert and L. Reddick. The Southern Beneficial League's Easter k ball has always been largely attended, but the general opinion prevails that this year's affair will eclipse all previous efforts. . Dr. E. P. Roberts, treasurer of the local committee, warns the ' public s-iint griving monry to unauthorized persons who request subscriptions for the Washington Memorial fund. It has come to the notice of the Executive Committee that persons are going about Greater New York asking for subscrip tions without having received the con sent of the local committee. All duly authorized agents have credentials bear ng the signatures of the chairman of the Executive Committee, the treasurer and the secretary. FIGHTING LILY WHITES, SAYS WALTER COHEN Interesting visitors in New York this week were alter L.' Cohen, the prom inent Negro Republican, and Emil Kuntz, a white Republican, both from the famous French-Creole town of New Orleans, La. They came to New York to lay before Chairman Chas. D. Hillies of the National Republican Committee a formal notification that the republi cans of Louisiana would meet in regu lar Slate Convention m the City of New Orleans on Thursday, April 27, when delegates would be elected to the Republican National Convention to he held in Chicago, June 7. Learning that this was their sole ob ject in New York, an Ace representative sougni tnem out and asked for the reason. , "Lily Whitism." said Mr. Cohen "and lily whiteism of the rankest sort The first gun was fired on Tuesday. October 6, 1915, when a meeting of the lily whites was held at the Hotel Grune-wald, New Orleans, a buildinar no Ne gro is allowed to enter. This meeting was held over our protests, and we even sent a committee to the management of the hotel asking permission to enter that he might attend the meetinsr hut this request was refused. The men in attendance on this meeting did not represent the party, yet they proceeded to elect a new state committee, composed of all whites. Within the ranks of the nartv in the state are many loyal white men who are absolutely opposed to the lilv white element, and these men have joined with the Negro Republicans in the fight We are determined to find out if the Republican party, to which the Negro of Louisiana nas been so constantly loyal, is going to recosmize this renesrade ele ment which constitutes so small a part of the organization and certainly is not representative of the influential part. It has been largely through their neglect and indifference in the oast tha: the Republicans of the.. State have. no, been able to retain its identity as a party at the polls of the State. -JJt. hAS Jb.een almost impossible to get aNegro registered, these lily whites joining hand in hand with the democrats to prevent In one parish, St James, which, by the way, is the home of the state national committeeman, Victor Loisel, it was impossible to secure the registration of a voter until the services of Judge Gauthier were secured at a cost of $50, and then only after strenuous endeavor were Dr. Ernest N. Ezidore, a prominent and well-qualified physician of Gramercy, La., and James Robinson of Lutcher. La. allowed to register. And then the judge requested them to keep it quiet to prevent trouble." Want Whole Vote or None. "And it was our votes that elected Loisel to the national committee," sid Mr. Kuntz. "We are completely misled by him, and of the nine votes necessary to his election seven were from our faction. Now he is canvassing the state in the interest of John M. Parker, candidate for governor on the so-called progressive ticket, which is really nothing but the Independent Democratic ticket And Parker has stated openly from the stump that if one Negro vote would elect him, he did not want that vote." Mr. Cohen was asked as to his reception by Chairman Hilles. "Oh," said Mr. Cohen, "he promised a full and fair investigation of our claims Of course, he could express no opinion. But he told me that the issue was clear cut and would be put squarely before the committee. In other contests, in years past, there has always been a compromise effected, with each side given a half vote, and that would be satisfactory to the lily whites. But not for us this time. I told Mr. Hilles that the action must be definite there must be full recognition accorded us. We intend to be given a full vote or we want none at all. As a matter of fact. according to law, the lily whites have ignored ever yregulation concerning the caning oi a convention ana mc ciecuon of delegates. "On . Tuesday, March 28, the lily whites again shut out the Negroes by meeting in the Grunewald Hotel, and at this meeting. they .elected delegates to the National Convention, not only from the state at large, but from the con gressional districts as well, although these district delegates should be elec ted in .-.their respective , districts. The state convention was called without the preliminary of a primary for the eleo tion of delegates because they know we could not be shut out of a primary and that we would out-vote them. ."On the contrary, we held a primary on February 15, at which time delegates were elected for our state convention which will be held April 27. . AU delegates from congressional districts have been or will be elected in their respective districts. Only delegates at large and alternates will be chosen at our state convention. When we go up to Chicago with our contest, the evidence to be presented to the National Committee will be so full and complete that the committee's decision will necessarily be in our favor or else the declaration will be given to the worls that the Republican party is bound to Lily Whiteism and the Negro is no longer wanted." Mr. Cohen and Mr. Kuntz left New Orleans last Saturday, reached New York Monday night They law Hilles on Tuesdav and left Tuesday night for New Orleans, stopping in Washington a day to pay a visit of respect to that old Louisiana warhous?, et-Governor P. R. S. Tindibnck. . INFLUENTIAL TRADE BODY Colored Business Men's Association of New York Potent Factor TO INCREASE NEGRO TRADE A Resume of Trade Conditions in Harlem, With Some Reasons Why Race Should Support Race Enterprises. CONSUMERS' POINT OF VIEW People Who Do the Spending Give Some Reasons Why They Do Not Spend ' More With Merchants of Uie Race -Race Bank It Needed, Bat Chelsea Exchange Bank Is Meeting Acceptably Preseet Need. The series of articles running through the last four issues of The Age, treating on business conditions in Harlem, have at tracted wide attention and created much comment. It is the concensus of all opinion expressed to The Age and its representative that a more thorough and exhaustive series of articles on Ne gro business conditions have not appeared before. It has been clearly shown that notwithstand- .. ing the fact that the population of Harlem is a1"io?t ? oY d!v TT- cent of tne business done in ti. section comes from the Negro, yet the business is being done by merchants of other races in the proportion of about 80 to 20. In other words, in the four districts investigated, Fifth avenue, Lenox avenue, Seventh avenue and 135th street, from 130th to 140th streets inclusive, there are 503 business places, of which 378 are run by whites and 125 by Negroes. The whites employ 150 Negroes, the majority of them in menial positions, and the Negroes employ 431, practically all of whom are in positions of responsibility, requiring ability, brains and training. j Colored Business Men's Association ' There are some agencies at work in that section trying to change the present conditions. One of the most successful is the Colored Men's Business Association, composed of men in various lines of mercantile and professional endeavor, but its activities are lareelv hamoered bv the fact that many of the men in business fail to see the benefit to be derived, from joining its ranks. The Acx is indebted to this organization for the use of its records, which contain many facts and figures which were used in the preceding four articles. J. T. Clark, secretary of the Housing Bureau of the National Urban League, gives some interesting information concerning the work of this organization, of which R. E. Nicholas is president. "The association really has a double purpose," said Mr. Clark. "Not only does it hope to influence the people of -the race to spend more largely of their earnings with the Negro merchant but it also strives to influence the Negro merchant to be prepared in every particular to handle the trade he is seeking to acquire. After all, it must not be forgotten that 'value received' is a factor to be considered in catering for trade, and so the organization tries to emphasize to its members the importance of providing every facility possible for the efficient caring for of his customers. "The colored business man of Harlem who does not join this movement is really standing in his own light. An incident occurred a few days ago that is interesting. One of the b"zest Neero1 merchants of Harlem had iailed to -connect himself with the organization. Then - conditions arose which placed him in a position where he needed help. His first move was to come to the association with his complaint. He did not become a member of the association until con fronted with a difficulty that . threatened his progress.". , Not Used to Negro Merchants, In response to a question, "What is your idea as to why it is so hard to secure the patronage of the race?" Mr. Nicholas, president of the organization. who conducts a haberdashery, said : "One great handicap is that our people have never been accustomed to trading with j Negro merchants. That has created a i prejudice which it is hard to overcome. There are many loyal and true-hearted I race men and women who would give their custom to Negro merchants, but it never, occurs to them that a race mer- i chant can supply their needs. Not think-j injr about t, the result is they never stop in a cola' W nun's rre t" H c-.
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