The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on May 1, 1948 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Saturday, May 1, 1948
Page 1
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HEVILLE XLY—MO. 88 BlythevilU Oonritr MrthevUI* D«Uj New* ValUj BlythevlUt Hsrald <See Little Hope Of Rail Strike Settlement Soon Federal Mediators M««t With Union Officials Again Today By William H. Meyen United Pr«t SUff Correspondent CHICAGO, May 1. (UP)—With a national strike threatening to paralyze the country in 10 days, Federal Mediators, said today that the railroad labor dispute was a long way from settlement. The mediators met, again today with officials of Unions representing 150.000 engineers, firemen and switchmen who threaten to strike May 11. A meeting with ratlroarl ^representatives was scheduled for fl^ler in the clay. The National Association of Retail Grocers warned that New England would he hit" hardest by the strike because 75 per cent of the 18.000 tons of food used dally In the region is shipped by rail. In contrast, an association spokesman said West Coast residents probably would have more food than normally because it would be impos-i sible to ship produce East except by boat and trucks. The association reported that most areas have large warehouse Blocks of canned foods and staples thai would last 30 to 60 days provided housewives do not engage in "foolish and unnecessary hoarding." Chairman Frank p. Douglass of the National Railway Mediation Board said today that both the Unions aim the railroads "are still unyielding at this point" on the -- workers' demands for a 30 per cent wage increase. The railroads are clinging to their offer for a 15 1-2 cent hourly boost which was recommended by y presidential fact-finding board. The carriers have Insisted on negotiating within the framework of the board's recommendations, which were re- jMted by the Unions. •••Douglass said that "both aides are knowing a sincere disposition to try to find a settlement." "The atmosphere in our meetings is such that progress can be made," he said, "But there can be no settlement unless-the Brotherhoods finally accept the recommendations of the Fact-Finding Board, or unless ths carriers can agree to give am* than the board recommended'.Tl^^ f I \ - •- Efciugln*;., said "ir probably would be ca morrow. ' Nation's Strike Scene Presents Gloomy Picture (By United Pre«) Two strikers Involving 225,000 railroads and auto workers today threatened to hit the nation with one-two punch within the next 10 days. Some 150,000 railroad engineers, and switchmen were poised to walk out May 11. Another 75,000 Chrysler corporation workers were tet to strike a day later. The walkouts, coupled with the nation wide meat strike, would deal a crippling blow to th« nation's economy. A rail walkout would paralyze transportation and cut the lifelines of -rnmerce and industry. Auto P-'f-'action, already severely ctn'uiioq, would reduce even more sharply by a strike at Chrysler. If the rail and auto walkouts should be added to current strikes, the number of Idle workers In the country would total more thru 330,000. Meanwhile, John L. Lewis requested that negotiv us for a new United Mine V,'i->:crs' contract be opened May 18. If a settlement is not reached by Ihe time the present contract expires June 30, a soft coal strike would be allowed under the Taft-Hartley law, In Pittsburgh, the CIO united steel -workers demanded a 25-cent hourly wage Increase for 20,000 workers In eight plants of the aluminum company of amerlca. Several thousand unionists were expected to march in a May Day parade in Chicago to raise money and food for striking packinghouse workers in the meat strike. DOMINANT NEWSPAPER oy NORTHEAST AHKAMSA8 AMD BOUTHEABI msSOURl BLYTHEVJLLK, ARKANSAS. SATURDAY, MAT 1, 1948 TEN PAGES Reprisals to Hit South Due to Oleo Tax Battle Seen Hopes of Keeping Price Floor Under Cotton Grow Dim By Grant nlllirum (United Press Stiff Correspondent) WASHINGTON, May 1. (UP) — Dixie Congre&i men may pay through the nose for their overwhelming victory in the bitter house fight over the repeal of federal oleomar' garine taxes. It seems to have erased any hopes Southern Congressmen may have had of keeping the/government price floor under cotton at Its present level. There also IK talk of repealing the ban on tobacco seed exports. Both developments would smack the South's economy squarely In thc pocketbook. They might can eel out any" gains that would re- from Increased snles of cotton- Is passed by the Senate. The upper House probably will not act on the bill for a few weeks. Dairy state Congressmen, who hourly wage increase' for"20 000 ^l™,-'^ 1 ' ""I the v ,!? lims *" thc workers In elsht plant,, of the al- ?', e ° fl ?, ! ' t ',_ are " »!*«.<<">* In terms Income Tax Cut Goes Into Effect Nearly 50,000,000 Americans Get Hike In Take-Home Pay By Austin C. Wehrwein (United Press Staff Correspondent) 1 WASHINGTON. Mayl. • (UP) — I The new federal income tax cut went into effect today, giving almost . 50,000,000 Americans a boost Attack on UN Trusteeship Plan Expected LAKE 'SUCCESS. N. Y., May 1. (UP) — Russia's Andrei Qromyko was expected to make a full-dress attack on the American plan for n United Nations trusteeship in Palestine today. The Soviet diplomat has made known Russia's flat opposition to trusteeship ever since this, special session of the UN was called. But he had left most of the heckling of the VS. and Western powers ro the Communist proteges. mf Gromyko was expected to make 'Tils major address today on the American switch from partition to trusteeship, charging that the intent was to get U.S. Marines into the Holy Land and to exploit its : resources for American corporations. As for the United States, it had virtually admitted that it would be impossible to get trusteeship for all Palestine by the time the British mandate ends on May 15. It had changed tactics and was putting powerful pressure behind a new move to get a trusteeship for the city of Jerusalem if not the whole country. The United States presented a rough draft of its program to the UN's trusteeship council last ni»ht providing for the sending of a UN authority to Jerusalem to seek a truce, take over the municipal administration and begin the establishment of a police force. The draft provided that, meantime, the UN representative could call on member states approved by the UN General Assembly t o furnish troops. The United States said it was ready to send its "share" of troops. But a late night session failed to produce a vote. TentatiVe, Budgets Filed By State's Departments : LITTLE ROCK. Ark.. May 1. (UP) -—T ; ie prospects of even a majority of the 65 state departments fillns tentative 1946-51 budgets with the Controller's .office appeared, slim at the deadline rolled around today. The last report from Comptroller John Truemper was that only 25 departments or Institutions had submitted their budgets, which had been requested by the legislative council. The largest budget submitted was from Revenue Commissioner Otho Cook, for J2,9«l,200 for the two year period. Earliest known skates were made from the leg bones of animals, smoothed down on one side With holes for fastening thongs. f^iT e ., s ? lm(>T1 ls the most valuable food fish in the United Slates. In take-home pay. From . now' on the government will take a smaller bite out of the pay-checks' of those on the "pay- as-you-go" withholding system. This isthe first noticeable effect of the joraa-^s--—.t->,^>»-_... ... . .. ith Income tax'-WinJet some benefit. About 7,400,000/of the smaller taxpayers will go off the tax rolls altogether. The tax cut applies to paychecks _ :>» get after today. It doesn't make any difference when the money actually earned. It's the date on the check that counts. For examblc, a married man with .wo children who makes $50-n- week has had $1.30 taken out of his check for federal Income tax. But from now on there will be no deduction, He's off the tax rolls in- tirely. Take (he case of a man with a wife and two children who makes SlOO-a-week. In the pnst, he has had $10.50 withheld from his paycheck. But in the future he'll lose only 7.70. . Exemptions Raised The cut In "pay-as-you-go" deductions is worked out so as to give taxpayers credit for both thc percentage slash and the Increased personal exemptions provided by the new law. Exemptions were raised from the present S500 to $600 a person. Tax levies were reduced from 12.6 per cent In the low brackets to 5 per cent in the high brackets. The other main feature of the tax law—extension of "community property" privileges to all states— has no effect on the new withholding rates. Under this provision, a husband and wife mny file a scperate returns dividing the family earnings for the year between them. In this way, they pay lower surtax 'rates. For most taxpayers, the changes in withholding rates will be made automatically by their employers They won't have to do anything abmit It. However, the blind and those over G5 years old get a special $600 exemption. They will have to file new withholding certificates with their bosses to get this benefit. It you are one of the 5,000.000 who pay income taxes on a quarterly bases, you will start getting the benefits of the tax cut June 15. That's the next deadline for quarterly installments. There's a special form to be filled out. If you filed an estimate in March, you should get It In the mail late th:j month. How about refunds? The Internal Revenue Bureau said that although withholding was now, no refunds can be paid until final income tax returns are filed after Jan. 1, 1949. Workers Killed In Steel Plant Bast INDIANA HARBOR, Ind., May 1. (UP)—Three men died today 'rom burns received when they were splattered with molten slag In an explosion at the Inland Steel Company. The dead are A. S. Joseph of Gary. Gien Becker of Whiting and Alfonso Martinez of Indiana Harbor_ The explosion was of unknown origin, it occurred • at an open hearth ptt of the company late yes- :erday. company officials said an nvcsltgatlon was under way. reprisals against their Southern colleagues. They prefer to discuss possible "corrective legislation." Rep. August K. Andrescn R Minn,, who directed the fight by thc dairy stride members, conceded, however, that the oleo wrangle has resulted in a, "definite split" among farm forces In the House. "It's a. split that was brought about," he said, "by the action of the Southern Congressmen In push- Ing the cause of cottonseed at the expense O f the dairy farmers." Plan Embargo Removal . He said his House Agriculture subcommittee will begin hearings "In the very near future" on a bill by Rep. Reid P. Murray, R, Wis., to wipe out the present embargo on exports of tobacco seed Murray said the embargo was set up to neep other nations from developing tobacco industries which might compete with ours. Tobacco produced from foreign seed, he said any of repri- * i p™r . 7, 3 ""uuBni, 01 reprl- sal. The-bill, he said, was introduced long before the oleo right He said the present situation is "contrary to the. good neighbor policj sense."°"v ry *" goocl ,.«™rn 0n ' .CSotton prices preseiite'l/are sup Ported by the government at 92-112 per cent of parity. This h 2-112 tier cent higher than the support for any of the other ' program, voted to pull cotton sup- Port prices down to the level of other commodities. There now Is In addition, Rep. Harold Knutson I. Mm,,., promised he win lead a "YL t0 .I epcal ""=. 29,000-balc limit ,-alc limit on the amount of foreign short staple cotton that can be shipped into this country each year. He made the threat on the House floor _ during _ the oleo l ------ e> >••"- ujcu in.\ fiCD/lrp And he said he hasn't changed his m ' B mind. Knutson's larly Impres: Committee. threat Is p a he is c Chest X-Ray Unit Finishes Second Week in Missco d week of clinics with the Ion at victoria this morning Cor Pie e figures are not available bT, IF. la Hr,Hn,.^J ii_ _ , '"Jit, uil It is believed that more than 4 rZl £ f C h, C5t X ' rays nnve »ee' made In this county to date The third week's schedule will begin at 9 a.m. Monday at the n, n H° mery Storc '» K <=lser and win be moved to Etowah. Tuesday and to West Ridge on Wednesday 31 xr ora ? lnlc yesterday .. Houck. chairman, Mrs w E Head. Mrs. D. H. Blodgctt' Mrs P D. Wllfclns, Mrs. Wylte Tate Mrs Lester Stevens. Mrs. Sudle ' Cecil Mrs. Elmer Hall, Mrs. E. E Tucker Mrs. Clarence Crawford, Mrs Leo nard Ellison, and Mrs. John Bowcn ers and Mrs. C. O. Redman execut assisted the Board of Health work Ive secretary of the Misslssi, County Tuberculoses Association iippi Pern/scot County Sheriff Appoints New Deputy CARUTHERSVILLE, Mp , May —Announcement was made yestc day by the office of Pemlscot Cm nty sheriff John Hosier of appointment of Albert Walker ,„, mer caruthersvillc chief of polic the said that although withholding was "5 deputy sheriff. The fhst asslm- at the old rates between Jan. 1 and ™ent. for Deputy Walker k con. — ,.,-.,„., 11 oi ik 1,1 15 ^rjj tactlng dog owners to dlssemlna information concerning the recci order of Pcmiscot County Court n garding vaccination of all dogs prevent, spread of rabies. Deputy Walker was, until the n cent city election, city chief < police for the past six years I was defeated by E. M. Ncely the race for this post. New York Cotton NEW YORK, May 1. (UP) — Close barely steady. open high low Mar 3188 3200 3175 May 3772 3172 3754 July 3717 yji7 3537 Oct. 3288 3298 3270 ec 3219 3530 3203 Spots close 3*W, down 7, close 3170 3762 3690 3270 3203 Railroad Dispute Unsettled Draft-UMT Blend !'•*• . i Attempts'to Delay Said tO DC Only Pal «>tin« Hearing 'Practical' Plan Sen. Tydings Cites Short Tim* Left for Congren to Act By Wurrrn Duffe, (Xfnll«l PTCM stuff Correspondent) Chairman Frank P, Douglass (right) of the National Mediation Board, and members John Thad Scott Jr. of Houston, Texas, (left) and Francis A. O'Neill Jr. of N«w York City met today with official., of three railroad brotherhoods In further attempts to head off a threatened strike set for May 11_ The mediators, however, said before the meeting that the railroad dispute was a long way from seUlcmcnl.-r.NEA Telephoto). May Day Celebrations Around World Feature Strikes and Demonstrations (Hi United Preu) Traditional May Day celebrations around the world raised tension between Communist and anti-Communist group* today, marked by attempted assassinations In* Greece and Korea. Oree* ^"'^ ^^^ '" MhC " S "'"* * b ° mb "^ 8r * VCly w<nm<l «> '»° The May Day weekend In Korea was touched off by another assassination attempt against the police chief of Seoul, T. S. Chans: Chang's bodyguards drove off the. would-ba. assassins after they opened fire at Chang in front of his home. American troops In the International zone of Trieste smothered Communist d<>momtratiQM strict - regulations Other' Am. .uar.adecr through rlp3mtqjra^ with iuaded' machinegunf bi from 'armored cars. ' » *, Radio Moscow reported the usual vast demonstration of military might in Red Square, with Generalissimo Josef S'TlJu in attendance; at one of his Increasingly rare public appearances. Stalin's son, an air major general, commanded the display of aerial might above the Soviet capital. Hfs •>var minister made the major speecli of the clay, blasting "imperialists' tnd stressing the peaceful policy of the Soviet Union. Strikes Break Out Subway workers struck In Paris; metal, and automotive workers struck in Hannover, Germany; and gas workers struck in Dublin the capital of Eire. The unrest spread to Mexico Cltv where 10.000 federal troops were alerted for possible May Day emcr- egenc:cs. A threatened strike against . the Mexican Light arul Power Company which have plunged the Mexican capital into darkness wns averted by a last-minule settlement. Korea and London held the spotlight in the idcaloglcal battle between Russia and the Western powers. Radio Pyongyang in Russian-occupied northern Korea announced approval of a new "constitution" for it all of Korea, Including the American-occupied half. The new charter set up Seoul as the capital, but said the government would remain in Pyongyang for the present. Pyongyang fs the seat of the Russian occupation Army. In London, the five Western Union powers, headed by Britain and France and with thc military backing of the United States, announced organization of a super genera! staff to plan a united defence against any attack in Europe. Chickasawba Red Cross Chapter Plans Meeting New officers and board members for thc Chickasawba District of th- Ainerlcan Red Cross will be elected at the annual meeting in the Court House at 7:30 p. m. May 11, it was announced today. At thi s meeting an annual financial report will be given mem- Television Cable To Be Laid Here - bers of the Red Cross chapter, This report will g| ve „ break-down and allocation of funds for thc money collected during the financial drive which closed about two weeks ago. A report of activities for the chapter during the past year and plans for the next years activities will be discussed, George M. Lee. chapter chairman said Weather Arkansas forecast: Partly cloudy today, tonight and Sunday. A few scattered thundorshowers in tho Northeast portion this afternoon. Minimum this morning—63. Maximum yesterday—78". Sunset today—6:44. Sunrise tomorrow—5:09. Precipitation, 24 hoi. s to 7 a.m. today—.20. Total since Jan. 1—M.65. Mean temperature (mldwaj b«- twecn high and low)—70.5. Normal mean tor April—61, Work Is scheduled to begin Monday on a main- repeater station here for a combined television telephoto and long distance telephone cable, and according to representatives of thF! Ttl-states construction Company, contractors, BIythevlllc may have television facilities by early next year. m 1 ?"J.'"? r L ' Elins ' representing the Iri-States Construction Company said yesterday that auxiliary repeater stations will be set up every eight miles from West Memphis to cape Olrardcau, Mo., and that these would link with those already set up from Cupe alrardcau to St Louis. . ^According to Mr. Ellas, two cables will be laid underground nnd casement and right-of-way agreements with nil property owners havi already been signed. Station Site Purchased The main station will be located In BlythcvJllc. The Trl-Coustructlon Company has secured - a one-acre plot on the acreage owned by Mrs John B Walker, it Is 640 feet West of North Franklin near Blythcvllle Compress. This plot joins thc Will Bcasley property to thc Southwest Two representatives of the American Telcpho:»3 and Telegraph company were I,, BIythevlllc ycsterdaj making fini^l plans for thc system They declined to fully identify themselves, however, and said they were not allowed by A T & T t< disclose any details of thc constnic lion work 'as yet . They confirmed construction the repeater station here but ma no statements as lo cost O f th ivorfc, sbc of the station or per sonncl required to operate It ,^ T | h<! , A .T & T representatives sal. i h " 1 , '" rthcr .. de!ill| s W ^e wor: o tie cd by the Generation's officials at its St. Louis headquarters. Battle Against Naming Of Spa Official Renewed LITTLE ROCK, Ark., May (UP)—The Arkansas Police Office Association prepared today to re new their court battle against th. appointment of George Callahan former Garland County ... .,..J,« X, t/li , f^y dCTHlLV sheriff as Hot Springs' police chief Lt. Jack Kcrr of the Little Rock Department sMd Callahan had been appointed for political reasons and predicted that legal steps would be taken to combat 11. The Hot Springs civil Set v l Board recently named Callahnn 10 the post over applicants from wlth- Ice In the It said city's none department becau of thc others h qualified. Forgpry and Utteri. g Cor' red _ Preliminary hearing for Jam' .parley Jr. on charges of forgery ,-•• .iitcrlng were continued until TUP day In Municipal Court this mor ing. Farley was arrested yesterday sheriff's deputies, who said he w charged with cashing a govcrnme check belonging to J. K. Farnn which he received through the by mUlake. rn- :nt ler, mail 8INGLB COPIES FIVE CENT! ' tod tlc Scni WASHINGTON, May 1. (UP)_ The Stale Department has tried In vain to delay a forthcoming congressional Investigation on Palestine It WM learned today. The department asked the House -re gn Affair* Committee to put I IU Inquiry while the issue J. fore the united Nation,. But Chairman Charles A. Eaton l«., N. J., said hit committee will open hearing, Tuesday on th, UN WAQ~iifM^Sv^»~".,~ —•"«".•; ?,'",' ,r ow "P with hearings on the WASHINGTON, May 1. (UP) Palestine question, 11. Mlllard B. Tydings, D., Md., Tlle committee decision reportedlv «ay endorsed a proposed combl-1 p, rcw out of resentment over what IK on of the draft and teen-aged "• considered . suto Department nllilary training a., »u, 9 only prac- '"V 1 ? to itx chairman. Members ,aid leal thing that can bo put through ««nww said with only six weeks of Congress Tydings, ranking Democrat on ths! cnatc Armed Scivlce.i ~ said he thought ciinncci y good" of gelling the ^.,.,« U ,, 1IM , , ,. .„„. hrougli Congress despite loud crlt- <£»l'ei'B. It., Mich., ot the Senate :lsm In Ihe House. l^rolgn Relations Committee HIM "It's botlvccouomlcal and sound," J ° lln Foster Dulles, Republican for. Tydings said. "I would prefer some- C|B " "''«i« ndvlscr thing closer to Universal Military M cl " bcra « «ic House Commlttt-p •1 ruining, but I think tho blen I J 1 "! "'« snub to Rilou a.,| aronUv proposal will do the Job." > Indicates that Iho State Dc.jnrlS The Senate Armed em-Ices sroup i"*-? " ot w«nt to tako tho grou will begin considering the bill In its co' 1 ' 1 ' 1 """" •"'•-• • •— - " closed sessions next week nnd is expected to approve It. A fight over government Insurance on homc-bulldlng loans delayed Senate action yesterday on immediate appropriations to start a 70-sroup Mr force The $3,108,000.000 bill Tias been passed 343-3 by the House, it wns reported to tho Bcnnlc floor yesterday by chairman styles Bridges, it N. H. of the appropriations committee. Seeks Immediate Action Before leavlgn on a trip to New Hampshire, Bridges said ho would press for Immediate floor action when tho homo loan Insurance de- bato Is clenrcd up next week. That may be as late as Wednesday Meanwhile, the House Armed Services Committee prepared for a final vole Monday on Its own KClcc- conference on Foreign Policy last Tuesday night. * g emocra on thai Attending tho hush-hush meetlnu rvices Commute, were Secretary of State Ocorgo O hances were "nret- Mnrnhnll, Undersecretary Robert * iK the compromise T /° vet1 ' Ol,nir,,,im Arthur H Van-' ''^"'er lo Its confidence. They tooYa gloom -wets for further rn operation between their commit- . The committee U expected to okay the bill with only a few on- Postng votes. It -,calls for registration of nil men .IB through 30 anil would put an .estimated 100 000 In ' next two years uniform ye The Houses Committee has rejected the combination drafl-UMT proposal However, tic unworkable chairman Chan rjur , n ur- ney R.,. s . n , said he Is "optimis- ' the S en- , over 1U chance. In Committee. S<*e became evident that tho ' •/lmlnfstratlon'5 UMT plan doomed at this session of Corpw at lenst four years In th« The draft provision would I'orm for two ye !"' t ' fr ° 1 ;' lo i«w<l oil nuw!c hear" "IKS on tho united NMm , FinaTiesTeld For A. D. Nabers Misico Resident Of 25 Year, Die, in Home of Brother u.,^"," 0 ^"! SC1 ' V| «« for Arthur Dor- 0 °°,e of if', 62 ;, W "° <llc " « the nomc of his brother, c. L. Nabcn ast night, wore- conducted at 4 n m' rhZ., al ; tl10 ' Cobb p " ller »l Homo t-hapel by (he Rev. E. O. Brown, for r,, M™ mS bCC " )tl '".''ICallh m i. P,, U "' 0> RIU| hBd ^ori I" the Ulythevlllo Haspltal for two "4k3 before, his death, but was take, to his brother's home two days **<>. Graveside services will bo conducted In New Albany, Mis., at * will' A° vn>ori ; ow - A'Cobb ambulance will tnko i,| s body 'to Wow Albany tomorrow rnornlng. «">.«iy . Mr. Nabers Is survived by two ic ° Ice. Death in Many Forms Stalked State in April LITTLE nCCK, May 1. (UP>- Vlolcnl death stalked through Arkansas claiming lives nt more than i t'~', —" '""""j. Miss. 1 For the niir ino II m^" 3 lle haa k*" «»incct- mt iw),-|cd with the 0. L. Nalicrs Grocery «-i|Z nml|n»d Market on Division Street irs- serv-l Livcrt wllh Molher During tho 25 years he spent In this vicinity he lived with hi, mo Ihor, Mrs. Jell Nabcrs, until her death two jears ago. Honorary pallbearers at the Dly- Ilievlllo service will Include Sam Lowers, John Fill, Ernest Hnlsell E' P; Woodson, W. S. Johnston, V. O. Miller, Paul Pryor, H. R. Schrnuck. T. p. (Dec) Derm, Roscoe and Jim Cra.:-n, A. E. Bailey, Premiss Holder, J. D. Lunsford, John Moore Mclvln Halscll, and Dr. I. E Johnin. Among those planning to attend tho New Albany services from here. more than the 71 In ry ' and was topped only by the record of 90 In February. Again, death rode the highways A total of 20 persons died In traffic accidents, one more than the 25 In March, Ten persons were drowned, eight burned to death, six were murdered five committed suicide, four wore killed In airplane crashes, four were >f killed In train accidents, nnd 14 died of miscellaneous causes Thc largest 'sinj-tc tragedy was on April 10 when a Missouri Pnclllc tmin hit a car at a crossing In Mor- rllton, snuffing out thc lives of two women and a man from Lawndalc California. Two men were killed In each of two airplane crashes during the month. Among thc miscellaneous causes of death were struck by lightning accidental electrocution, household accidents, hit by baseball bat, stran- • glcd by Venetian blind cord, fall Into boiling water, kicked by horse, windstorm, and run down by a team of horses. Program of U.S. Military Aid to Europe Confirmed WASHINGTON, May 1. (UP) — Sen. Tom Connally, D. Tex., chief administration foricgn policy spo- to kesman In thc Senate, has con- n- firmed that a program of U.S. mll- ise itary aid to Western Europe Is be"10 Ing drawn up. He said last night a formal request for authority to send arms and munitions abroad may ready for Congress next week Connally, ranking member of the Senate ilttee, be Democratic Fortcgn rc- Departn-.cnt Is working on the project. It Would authorize President Truman lo send tanks, planes guns and othc; military equipment lo by any of the 16 Marshall Plan nat- Ions. . _ . , oun.-ny vacuum As much as two charts of dust Studebakcr can be removed In a month from ' '" the air in an average room. Spellings of Joncsboro. Mrs. Spellings Is Mr Nabcrs' niece. E. M. Holt- Elected Head of Funeral Directors Group LITTLE ROCK, Ark., May 1 (UP)— E. M. Holt of niythevlllc took over today from James P. Slmms of Bcnton ns president of the .Arkansas Funeral Director's Association. Mr. Holt will also act as delegate from the Arkansas Funeral Director's Association to Ihe national convention to be In Detroit In October. O. A. Roth of Little Rock, who was elected secretnry- of the association for the 19th consecutive term was also elected as a delegate. Other delegates were Indefinite and will be announced later. The election climaxed the final session of the association's 47th nnnunl convention yesterday, affcr it was voted to hold next year's convention—In conjunctitn with the Tennessee and Mississippi organizations—at Memphis. Other new officers arc: Avery E. Shlnn of Riisscllville, first vice-president; Rutus Herndon, Jr., of Hope, second vice- president. New York Stocks Finn I Stocks A mer Tobacco ____ Anaconda copi>cr . . Beth Steel ........ Chrysler ......... Coon Cola ........ Gen Electric ...... Gen Motors ........ Montgomery Ward N Y Central ...... Inl Harvester ...... North Am Aviation Republic Sleel .... Radio Vacuum Standard of N J 57 1-2 36 34 3-8 38 112 35 1-4 55 1-4 58 15 3-8 95 1-8 11 7-8 26 5-8 10 19 1-4 22 5-8 19 1-8 Texas Ojrp ,,,,,...,.,,," 6$ 3-4 Threat to Blast Jews Out of Jaffa Defied by Irgun British Ultimatum To Give Up Areas Won Quickly Rejected JERUSALEM, May I. (UP)-^jew- Ish troops today defied a Brills* threat to blast tliem out of J«ff» If they did not give up hart won Rains In the Arab city, posing hew 2"* 1 ?"* Jn «>• siruggle of ths British to liquidate their Palestine mandate within exactly two weeks, Britain's bitterest enemle« in Palestine, the Irgun Zval Leuml underground fighters, rejected a British ultimatum to clear, out of tlw Mnnshelh quarter e' J~"ai,t,Tf the British wanted to flsht it'.out llicrc. they were ready. thSy said, Tho British failure to end th» siege of Jaffa complicated their overall striiteuy of laying down the mandate May 15. They 'had proposed to fall back on Haifa, the port of embarkation. Now'the Jaffa battle, with a British garrison C'Biiyhl squarely In the middle, threw Die timetable out of kilter. While bloody fighting raged "at Jaffa, the struggle over Palestine went on In other sectors. Syrians Attack '* Jewish Eourccs In Tel Aviv said Syrian army forces attacked three Jewish settlements In the border area. One of them was the ofteri- assmilled Dan In extreme Northeastern Palestine, the Northern limit of the Old Testament Holy lind. Tho British bid for peace at Jaffa broke down after tho Irgunlsta had broken a trues, seventy of them wore reported killed In a powerful British countcr-nttack. The British -'led an ultimatum saying they •Id bomb the Jews out of Jaffa 'toy did not agree by midday to ?ndcr the Mar shlch'quarter, .lie IrgunIsts formally rejected .10 ultimatum, and announced they had destroyed a police station which the British had demanded that they give up. British military reports said the Irgunlsts attacked Arab lines with mortars during the night in Tel Aviv-Jaffa border area and cuplcd a house 30 yards from British lines. Some mortar fell within the British area. Court Selrare Attempted Other Irgun forces tried to 'i through Arab lines during the ttah-lmposcd truce • and «el7« Jaffa magistrates -'court; these'- porls said •, . A British armored car supported by Argyll and Sutherland highland- em counter-attacked the Irgunlsts In the house and drove them back to their own lands. \ Other British troops hammered the Irgunlsts attempting to seize the Court Building.with light cannon, mortars and bazookas. The battle continued throughout the nlgh't Other Jewish forces probed Arab defenses South and East of the British area but were driven back by I he Arabs. The cease-fire was ordered by British High commissioner Sir Alan Cunningham yesterday. Cunningham Issued an ultimatum saying he would bomb the Jews out of Jaff» if they did not agree by noon to- dr -y « «•"•• EOT) to give up .somu of their positions In Jaffa and euar- antce and status quo until May 15 Th 0 night attack apparently w a» the Jewish answer. British casualties during yesterdays fighting WC re reported to b« one soldier killed and five wound'd Arab casualties were not krown Evacuation of Jaffa and Arab vlllnses throughout the entire area was reported continuing. Constitution *"_., n-f f> •• 'r®F., \<r tr '^a •.'*". Up by Soviets SEOUL, May 1. (UP)—The Soviet Pi;i-.3t government of Northern K 3 roa nnno-nced adoption of a "consttt-.'.tira" toSay and clalir.ed Jurisdiction over all Korea "including the American Occupation Zone in the Sov.tli. The constitution, following t^e Russian m-xlel, named Seoul as the capital of Korea but said that for now the capital will remain at Pyongyang, scat of the Russian Occupation Zone in the North Adoption of the constitution, taken In defiance ot United Nations plans for Korea, was announced by Pyongyang Radio. The announcement Ipened a tense May day weekend throughout Southern Korea. Pyongyang described It as the "All-Korean constitution" and said It was approved by the North Korean peoples committee, the Communist- controlled Interim government In the Soviet Occupation Zone It provides for an elects3 accem- bly, which would n:nic a 15-raan presidium, apparently the renl ruling body. The constitution provides for government ownership of all m'-3s, forrests. utilities and ot'ier ' '-i- portant enterprises." It bins absentee landlords and aut"^cru:2d state-planned programs for "economy and culture." The constitution also provides new flag for Korea, with a dcste of crossed hammers and c::'-j nnd establishes the rcw.gove-nr"' as the "Democratic Peoples F!~T He of Korea." Adoption of this dssvm- J.'c' the way for Esvi-* r the ne\v ccvcrnr- 1 i erclgn ruler, thi's t;ndi .3 to i Ihe Russians of responsibility i Korea,

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