The Journal Times from Racine, Wisconsin on August 20, 1943 · 1
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The Journal Times from Racine, Wisconsin · 1

Racine, Wisconsin
Issue Date:
Friday, August 20, 1943
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THE RACINE JOURNAL -TIME VOL: 87, NO. 196. United Press Associated Press RACINE, WIS., FRIDAY AFTERNOON, AUGUST 20, . 1943. TeL Jackson 600 22 PAGES 5 CENTS 00nl 1 Racine Airport Will Train Men For Air Corps j- Horlick-Racine airport has been approved by the army for advanced training of active air cadets as flight instructors, Car-fyle Godske. manager of the 260-acre port and president of Racine flying Service, Inc., announced. . The new phase of training, which includes heavier planes jthan those now in use at the airport, will start Sept. 3, Godske aid. Up to now reservists' only ave been trained in Racine. Lists Benefits. Godske said that the new program means several things to Racine: 1. Racine college, as in World War No. 1, again will become an v active army post. , 2. Expansion of facilities, equipment and personnel at the airport. t 3. Racine, through foresight of civic leaders in establishing the port three years ago, will help to bring the war to a speedier close. j.- First group of 38 active air Sorps men, who will receive cadet pay while in training in Racine, will come to Racine Sept. 3, when -Jhe army also will send super-' yisbry officers here to work with "Godske in laying out the program. Indications are that in three ..months approximately 115 men will be at the Racine college military reservation. That number Jaiay be increased later. , . , To Continue Present Program. At present, Godske said, Hor-lick-Racine airport is training 175 private students and will continue that phase of activity. He said the airport will continue to be open , to visitors. " In addition, . the airport has turned out 275 for the army and How is finishing with a class of S3 ; as ' flight instructors in light planes. The 33 are reservists. Horlick-Racine airport has 35 airplanes, including 15 light trainers. For' the new program the government will provide an additional 20 heavier planes all with engines of225 horsepower , When the new army trainees' are graduated" after approximately two months in the light and heavy training planes, they will be sent to Randolph Field, Texas, for a final test, and then be assigned to various primary schools throughout the south. . To Doable Personnel. - Godske said the personnel at the airport is 40, bat that because of the new program it will have to be doubled. That " personnel does not include five University of Wisconsin extension division ground school instructors. The manager said that the extension division will increase its staff and teach an intensive ground school course to the new active army men to be posted in Racine while Racine Flying Service, Inc., as contractor for the CAA war training service, will increase its staff to provide actual flight instruction. High army officers were in Racine this week to examine the airport and city before approving the airport for the advanced training and Racine college as an army Reservation, in World War No. 1 he "college housed the students army training corps. " "The army officers," Godske said, "gave Racine an excellent J report They were impressed with '; the USO and found that Racine has the lowest venereal disease i rate in the middle west. They i said also that Racine is the first city they inspected .that provides free ambulance service. Very noticeable to them was the cooperation of the community in Civic promotion and the war effort. F - Auto Wreck Victim Not Hurt, Just Busy I SOUTHPORT, N. C. V-Coroner W. E. Bell was r motoring ilong when suddenly he came upon a wreck; " A car had turned over. A man's egs were visible but the body was hidden inside. , The coroner hurried to the rescue and inquired of the partly hidden man: "Was anybody killed?" V ''No, came a muffled answer from down in the car. "But, my God, boss, I'm losing all my gas." Goebbels Promises New 'Secret Weapon' . f LONDON. tJPi Paul Joseph tloebbels. Hitler's propaganda chief, promised the German people today a new secret weapon may soon give them relief from Allied stir raids. "The new weapon gainst aerial war imposed upon us by the enemy is under con-Struction,M he wrote in his weekly article in the propaganda publication Das Reich. "Day and night innumerable busy hands are engaged in its completion. r. : ' A a, f & . I Fala Holds a Press Conference in Quebec Although denied a part in the Allied war strategy talks, Fala, F. D. R.'s pet scottie, is representing the dogs of America at Quebec. "When the war is over there'll be a nice, juicy beef bone every day for evry dog," Fala told reporters while flash bulbs popped and cameras clicked.' 81 Overcharge On Food, Report . A recent investigation of 131 Racine food stores revealed that 81 food dealers were selling commodities in excess of community flat prices before new ceiling price regulations went into effect August 5, price Ibanel officials have disclosed. Only oae-fourth of these stores, however,;; failed to post selling prices. ?ixty stores were reported as having no ceiling prices in excess of community flat prices officials said. Hold General Meetings. While more than half of Racine's food dealers were selling commodities at illegal prices, only 18 specific food items of a possible 800 were priced above regulations. '' Since the new over-all ceiling piTbe regulations have been oper ative, price panel members have been checking various stores and notifying ' dealers of irregularities. General meetings have been held to explain new simplified methods of complying with OPA regulations. Mosquitoes Sting Berlin; Forts Hit At Big Air Bases LONDON Fast British Mosquito bombers again attacked targets in Berlin last night while fighters struck at airfields and railway targets on the continent, it was announced today. . The night, raids followed blows by Allied planes, including American Flying Fortresses, at four of Germany's, most important air bases in Holland and France yesterday. A joint British-American communique disclosed 50 enemy aircraft wire shot down yesterday. Vlissingen (Flushing) and Gilze-Rijen in Holland were battered by Flying F6rtresses late yesterday afternoon f and 34' enemy fighters were shotsdown by the big bombers and their escorts. U. S. Marauders and RAF Mitchells earlier in the day had blasted nazi airfields at Poix and Amiens-Glissy in France. Typhoorts and . Spitfires , of the RAF joined in later and together they knocked down" 15 German fighters while the Marauders got one. Six Allied fighters were reported lost. Belated reports on the July 17 raid by American Flying Fortresses on -the ball-bearing works at Schweiafurt, Germany, indicated the big. bombers had shot down at least 9 enemy fighters. Not Fof Long, King Says; He's Right, Says Welles WASHINGTON (UJi) Acting Secretary of State Sumner Welles was asked during a press conference today to comment on the broadcast in which King Victor Emmanuel asserted that Sicily would not be isolated from Italy for long. The kiisg, Welles said, must have had?: in mind the fact that Italy as well as Sicily soon will be occupied by the United Nations. The Weather WISCONSIN Cooler northwest portion tonight, otherwise little change in'temperature tonight and Saturday forenoon. Widely scattered thuhdershowers south portion late tonight. ea'civk temper atcses Highest and lowest temperatures recorded during the 34 hours starting tt I a. m. Tbarsday. Auk. 1. IMS. Maximum 78 Minimum 59 .65 Temperature at a. m. today .... 1 Aag. 19. 142. Maximum tb, Minimum 63 The sun rose today at 6:04 a. m. and win set at 7:45 p. m. 3 Dead, 10 Hurt, 8 M issinq After Factory Explosion KEARNY, N. J.- P) A mass of rubble hid the fate today of at least eight persons believed buried in the ruins of a three-story brick and concrete building at the Congoleum-Nairn Inc. plant after an "explosion and fire which left three dead and 10 others injured, eight critically. Fire Chief Charles Burnett of Newark said steam shovels would be used in the search of the heaps of debris. The blast late yesterday afternoon rocked a 10-mile area in the heart of war-busy northern New Jersey and broke windows in homes and stores within a mile radius of the sprawling linoleum products plant. Fire which sprouted from the blasted No. 12 building wrecked two other structures before the flames were brought under control last night. . . - "The building just blew skyward in a cloud of wreckage and then fell back to the earth in pieces," was one worker's description of the blast. Blames Blast on Dusjt. A spokesman for the company, which is headed by U. S. Senator Albert W. Hawkes (rep-NJ.) as chairman of the board of directors, said a check of workers homes indicated eight persons were missing but other sources indicated the toll might rise much higher. Firemen and rescue workers who worked in the wreckage throughout the night expressed belief that some workers from other buildings such as messengers or freight truckers, might have been in the building. Fire Chief Charles Burnett of Newark said the explosion was caused by dust from cork and linoleum. He described the force of the blast as "more terrific than dynamite." The public relations officer of the army ordnance department. New York, said, however, the cause of the explosion was not known. Seventy-five per i cent of the plant was engaged in war work, he said. He'll Have Steaks If Mail Goes Through John Leichem, Jr., has been mighty lonesome for a good steak since he landed in England, where he is serving with an army airplane ground crew, so his mother, Mrs. John Leichem, Bonner's lake, decided to send him a double order. Mrs. Leichem bought two the kind Johnny used to like best when he sat at his mother's table, sealed them to preserve them for the long voyage, and dropped them in the mail chute in the Burlington post office. "Steak is the only thing Johnny says he misses in England," says Mrs. Leichem, and he certainly is going to get his steak, if his mother has anything to say about it" 2d Break in Pipeline Halts Oil Flow to East DOYLESTOWN, Pa. 0J. As state police stood gyard over a miniature lake of crude oil, workmen today repaired the second break in the big inch pipe line within the last five days. The leak, which halted the flow of oil into Bayonne, N. J., was discovered by farmers who said that after forming a small lake the inflammable oil swept into the Ne-shaminy creek and flowed four miles down stream. Farmers said thousands of dollars worth of property was ruined and that they would be unable to water their stock in the stream for four months. l - The first breakin" the line occurred Saturday near Lancaster, Pa. Danish Soldiers Kill 14 Germans STOCKHOLM ftj.ft A state of emergency has been proclaimed on the Danish island of Fyn, midway between Jutland and Sjael-land, following the killing of 14 German soldiers in clashes with Danish soldiers, the newspaper Svenska Dagbladet said today. Police reinforcements were rushed to Fyn from Copenhagen, the newspaper said, and ferry traffic between Fyn and Sjaelland halted. Several Danish soldiers were reported to have been wounded. The incident coincided with a general worsening of relations between the German command and the Danish government. The atmosphere throughout the country was, described as tense. Nazis Demand Crack-down. Increasing sabotage, including the wrecking of numerous German troop trains, has led the Germans to demand drastic punishment, including the death penalty, for convicted saboteurs. The Danes have resisted the demands, particularly as to the death penalty, which never has been sanctioned by Danish law. A break thatwould lead to full German occupation of Denmark and the internment of King Christian can be averted only if the nazis relax some of their demands, Swedish sources believed. Members of the five main parties in the Danish Riksdag (parliament), including many government officials, were scheduled to meet today to discuss Danish-German relations. Danish circles in Stockholm believed the parties would re-affirm their refusal to yield to German demands. Makers to Strip Bathing Suits to Bare Essentials WASHINGTON. Manufacturers today prepared to strip sweaters and bathing - suits down to their bare essentials in compliance with a war production board order banning non-functional trim and frills and restricting styles and colors. Also included in the order, which is intended to assure an adequate supply of knit outerwear for the duration, were headwear, mufflers and gloves. Furbelows designed to embellish the feminine form -such as pleats, tucks, numerous pockets and big sleeves on sweaters and puffing, shirring sashes and lacing on bathing suits will be eliminated. Women's sweaters must now be made in one of seven basic models. Gone will be fly-front sweaters, double-breasted models and re-versibles. Out are shoulder pads, twin sets, tassels and "pompons." Men's and .boys'' sweaters must be made in one of eight models, and are subject to a similar ban on non-essential ornamentation. Men's bathing suits are limited to three models, with side-stripes, fly-fronts or imitations, and combinations of belt loops and drawstrings prohibited. Manufacturers are limited to roughly 30 to 50 per cent of the styles they had in 1941. . U. S., Japan Ready To Exchange Prisoners WASHINGTON 01& Acting Secretary of State Sumner Welles announced today that arrangements have been virtually completed -for a second exchange of nationals with Japan and the exchange probably will take place in mid-October in Portuguese India. Report Bombers Get 1st Chance To Crush Reich QUEBEC. CU.R) President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill while aware of Russian Remands for a second front were believed today to have decided to give air power its chance to crush Germany first and, in any event, to blast such a path of destruction that land armies may invade Europe with the fewest possible casualties. Accompanying this first, crushing phase will be reminders to the German people that they have the alternative of getting out of the war or seeing the Allies "bomb, burn and destroy' everything in their path. It was emphasized that this does not mean that the date of an Allied landing has not been fixed nor that it may not come sooner than ordinarily expected. It does mean, however, that the lessons of Pan-telleria and Sicily have tjaught United Nations' leaders the value of intensive air preparations in appreciably shortening any cora-paign. Meeting Nears End. The president and prime minister were drawing near the end of their historic sixth wartime meeting and this afternoon were joined by Secretary of State Cor-dell Hull who, with British Foreign Minister Anthony Eden, will be given a review of decisions as they affect Anglo-American foreign policy. The" four will have dinner at the citadel tonight. The question of immediate aid to the Russians in the form of a western front arose again when the authoritative Russian political review "War and the Working Class" published a warning that it is time for the Allies to pass "from words to action." It also warned against the possibility of this meeting being "just another conference." Observers, however, pointed out that M. Roosevelt and Churchill have njiuch broader problems to decide than the opening of a western front alone. Included among these is a stepped-up campaign against the Japanese and a probable realignment of the British fleet now that the Mediterranean virtually has been cleared and the submarine menace considerably reduced. Seek 'Cheap' Victory.. Despite the presence of Hull and Eden, the primary considerations remained how to achieve a militarily "cheap" and quick victory over Germany in order to permit concentration of Allied strength against Japan. The European invasion plans developed here are as good as completed. They will not be disclosed in any detail until, according to British information Minister Brendan Bracken, the "fierce" forces of the Allies actually attack. From these conferences are likely to develop this pattern of Allied operations: Problems of logistics settled, and after notification of Russia, American, British and Canadian forces will be geared up for a thrust into western Europe. Simultaneously there will be heavy attacks against the Japanese. Then, without warning, the White House and No. 10 Downing street will announce the invasion. As the troops are pouring ashore, the two leaders will be hammering Europe with shortwave radio advice to the people of Germany to get out of the war while the getting is good, while they can get out with a minimum of civilian suffering. i. Will Issue Warning. Before the real blow itself is struck, however, it is entirely possible and very probable, too, that Messrs. Roosevelt and Churchill will team up on a preliminary "statesmanlike" warning which will predict the utter pulverization of any people who stand against the United Nations. The public was told by Bracken yesterday not to expect any "real" news from the conferences. Bracken meant that it would be foolish to expect the two leaders to give the enemy an accurate idea of what is coming next. Mr. Roosevelt and Churchill, however, were expected to do their part in the "war of nerves" by concluding their talks here with a press conference that will bristle with predictions of doom for the axis leaders and their followers responsible for plunging the world into war. Bracken confirmed that the conferences are producing military decisions of "vital" import. He promised that after the fall of Germany the British empire will throw its "full might" against the Japanese. Pollen Count Thursday's count 94. Prepared by the city health department. c-V 's J ?- t rir? 1 M J - 'i -waff The Feminine Touch in Sicily Two U. S. army nurses stationed at an American evacuation hospital in Sicily wear lounging robes during an off duty period as they stand in front of their tents. Left is Lieut. Bernice Ran-nels, Plymouth, Ind., and at right is Frances Backer, Summit, N. J. , s- Nurses Excel Men Under Fire During Battlefield, Tests LOUISVILLE, Ky. W Feminists of a generation ago would be satisfied today if they could have seen some results of their equal-ity-for-women efforts as displayed by army nurses from Bowman field here, base for the first troop carrier command. A group of these nurses yesterday got a taste of a one-time exclusively masculine study battlefield behavior and revealed an aptitude that not only equalled, but bettered that shown by men. They were taken over the "infiltration" course at Fort Knox where live .ammunition sprayed a few inches above their prone bodies and mine fields exploded all about them. Watching these women crawl across a no-man's-land from trench to trench through barbed wire, one officer said he had seen hundreds of squads of men cover the same ground but none had. run the course so successfully. He said the nurses crawled out of the fox holes quicker, remembered their lesson about hugging the ground better, and seemed "more flexible." Bowman field officers stood on catwalks above the girls, observing and offering an occasional encouraging remark but making no allowance for the fact that they were women. They are being trained for battle zones. The nursese were dressed in coveralls and wore helmets. They reached their objective dusty and dirty, but when they crawled out of the trenches there were cries of "what I'd give for a shampoo!" and "could I borrow your lipstick?" Rudy Vallee Announces Engagement to Singer HOLLYWOOD. fiP) Lt. Rudy Vallee of the U. S. coast guard, the crooning band leader and erstwhile actor, has announced his engagement to Bettejane Greer, youthful singer under contract to movie producer Howard Hughes. It will be Vallee's third marriage. He was married in July, 1931, to actress Fay Webb, who divorced him in May, 1936. She died in November of that year at the age of 29. His marriage in May, 1928, to Leonia Cauchors was annulled after a few weeks. Quiet, Children OPA N Is Making With Wisdom WASHINGTON. (U.R) Price Administrator Prentiss M. Brown today issued a 2,500-word press release announcing a reduction in the "present highly inflated prices of cabbage seeds." In the text of the regulation, entitled ."Unprocessed Agricultural Commodities," appears this paragraph under a subheading "Definitions": " 'Cabbage seed' (brassica capita ta) is the seed used to grow cabbage." , 300 Workers Stricken; WFA Lunches Blamed GRANTS PASS, Ore. W Three hundred Mexican hop pickers were stricken with food poisoning yesterday after eating lunch in the fields near here. Dr. M. E. Corthell said he believed bacterial action in scrambled eggs, part of the lunches put up for the laborers bv the war food administration, was the cause of the illnesses. Butter on Sale At State Fair '' MILWAUKEE. (U.R) The Wisconsin state fair grounds in suburban West Allis took on the appearance of a sprawling menagerie a primped and groomed collection of prize-hungry showoffs. Traffic around the long weather beaten barns gathered in snarls of many-hued trucks from which overworked handlers hustled to unload complacent milk cows, surly sires, broad-backed beef animals waddling on stumpy legs, nimble calves and lambs, swine and fluttering cages of fowl. All were to be in place by sunrise tomorrow for the opening of Wisconsin's 93rd annual state fair. In other exposition buildings the finishing touches were being put on shelves of grain, dairy products, vegetables and canned goods. Gaudy farm machinery, placarded with descriptions of its functions, was assembled under tents. Sideshows and thrill ride facilities of the midway cleared the way for the thousands who will pour through the gates tomorrow. Servicemen Go Free. The first day of the 7-day exposition of Wisconsin productivity was to reflect the spirit of the times under the designation of "Military and American Legion day." All servicemen and women in uniform were to be admitted free along with veterans of World War No. 1 carrying proper identification. Special favors in entertainment also were to be extended those in uniform by various organizations, t Housewives who have found it difficult to buy enough butter to supply their families of late were invited to bring their ration points to the fair where three tons of prize butter and four tons of cheese were to be offered for sale throughout the week- Enough was to be kept on hand for exhibition until the end of the fair. 5 Coal Mines Return To Private Ownership WASHINGTON VP) The government today restored five coal mines to private ownership with the explanation that "government possession of these mines is not necessary to insure uninterrupted wartime coal production." None of the five mines had a contract with the United Mine Workers. Consequently the action by Secretary of the Interior Ickes did not challenge the UMW policy, stated June 23, that John L. Lewis' miners would work only as long as government operation continued. The action was the first step toward returning the mines to their owners since passage of the Smyth-Cbnnally anti-strike act. WASPS Are Included In Army Air Force WASHINGTON. (JP) Now there are WASPS lots of them in the army air forces. That's the :name which General Henry H. Arnold, AAF commander, has picked for the women pi-, lots in the airforces, spelled out, WASP is Women's Airforce Service Pilot. The WASPS include pilots of the Women's Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron, formerly known as WAFS, those of the Women's Auxiliary Flying Training Detachment, better known as WFTD, and those assigned to other flying services within the air forces. Seizure Guards Flank of Allies Poised in Sicily (By The United Press) The Allies were another step nearer the invasion of Italy today after American naval units secured control of the Eolie group of volcanic islands in the Tyrrhenian sea, i just north of Sicily and west of the Italian "toe." An Allied communique disclosed that Lipari and Stromboli, largest of the seven main islands totaling 44 square miles, had surrendered Tuesday to U. S. naval forces and that the others were under control. This stroke gave added protection to the flank of the armies waiting in Sicily for the signal to stream across the Messina straits onto the Italian mainland. 34 Planes Destroyed. The Allied Mediterranean communique announced that 34 axis planes had been destroyed in an around-the-clock bombardment of the important rail junction at Foggia, 80 miles northeast of Naples. American Flying Fortresses and Liberators pounded Foggia during daylight and British Wellingtons took up the attack last night. The Foggia raid, on the annihilation pattern made famous by American and British 1 planes bombing Germany, -was a telling blow at the shuttle movement of axis troops who were streaming northward from the lost Sicilian battleground for rest while reinforcements moved down to lower Italy. Still another blow at Italian communications was struck by British warships ' which sailed boldly against the west coast to shell the communications center Capt Palinuro, where the coastal raivay runs near the sea. Patriots Warned Again. Among invasion signs was the second appeal within 24 hours for French patriots and underground organizations to be ready to aid, Allied landings.' In the past, the' Allies have been careful to warn the 'underground against premature preparations that would endanger their whole movement, but now the word has been passed that the day for striking back at their oppressors is almost at hand. f i tt s. jjonaon sources Deuevea mat the main battle of Italy would be fought largely along a line between Spezia, 200 miles north of Rome, and Pesaro on the east coast. German troops were reported moving northward in Italy io take up these positions. Another London report indicated that Premier Marshal Pietro Badoglio of Italy already has decided to surender to the Allies. The Eolie islands, 35 miles off the northwest coast of Sicily, to which Benito Mussolini banished anti-fascists, fell to an Americac naval expedition, including de stroyers, Tuesday morning, a be lated announcement revealed. Islands Are Valuable. As the warships pushed in against the islands, the two main - T ! 1 1 ones juipari ana airomoou ran up the white flag, giving the Allies control of the entire group of seven. The capture of the islands, of volcanic origin and with harbors good only for small craft, gave the Allies a valuable observation post overlooking Europe, and they were expected to play a role in the artillery duel for command of the Messina straits. In addition to Lipari, sometimes called the Italian "Devil's Island," and Stromboli, the others of the group are Alicudi, Filicudi, Solena, Volcano and-Panarea. their area totals 44 square miles. Report France Shelled. The nazi Paris radio said British warships shelled the Atlantic coast of France yesterday. This was not confirmed. A German broadcast reported that a British naval squadron of six ships approached the coast near Boulogne at 4 p. m. yesterday, and was driven off by coastal batteries. The warships actually could have been testing the German defenses. Terrific explosions from the direction of Boulogne and the rest of the French invasion coast reminiscent of those which broke up nazi preparations for an invasion southeast coast yesterday. At first the explosions were credited to. new Allied aerial bombings, perhaps designed this time to soften up German defenses, but later reports indicated the Germans may have been dynamiting for new gun emplacements or removing, buildings to make way for new fortifications. INDEX Editorial .Pace 10 Society ...... Pares 12, 13 Radio ...1.. ...... Pae 14 Sports Pare 18 Theater ........... Pace 15 Ration Calendar .. Pace 14

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