The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 7, 1953 · Page 3
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 3

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Tuesday, April 7, 1953
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TUESDAY, 'APRIL 7, 1953 BLYTHEVILLE (ARK,) COTmiKP NEWS PAGE THSEB Tidelands Is Familiar But Wrong Name for Federal-State Oil Fuss By JAMES MARLOW WASHINGTON Wi—Tidelands is the familiar but wrong name for the long-standing dispute between the federal government and some states over ownership of the oil- rich land under the water off the coast. The Republican-controlled Congress is hurrying to carry out President Elsenhower's o a m p a ,i g n promise to give these lands to the states. Congress will give them a big chunk but not the whole pie. The'government hasn't challenged the states' ownership of the tidelaijd, that part of the shore between high and low tide. The Supreme Court ruled 108 years ago they belonged to the states. The dispute has been over ownership of those submerged lands extending seaward from the low water mark to the edge of the continental shelf. The American continent slopes seaward—as much as 200 miles off the Atlantic Coast, 135 miles in the Gulf of Mexico — from the water's edge till it drops off in the Ocean deeps. This long slope is the continental shelf. There is oil in the submerged lands in the Pacific off California and in the Gulf of Mexico off Louisiana and Texas. The fight over ownership of the submerged land began to boil in the mid-1930s when It became clear from exploration that the oil reserves in the gulf were very rich. Both Wanted Revenue The federal government and the states both wanted the revenue from the oil. The government argued this revenue should be for the benefit of all the people of the And three times — once In 1947 and twice in 1950 — the Supreme Court ruled three states—California, Texas, Louisiana—did not own .the submerged lands. The court did not say the federal govern' ment owned them but did say it had "paramount rights" in them. In view of that ruling, the states could not get the lands unless they were given to them by Congress, The court had said there is no limit on the constitutional power of Congress to give away U. S. property. House Acts Last week the House voted to give the states ownership of at least a part of the submerged lands. And the Senate, now debating a similar measure, Is expected to approve it next week. The two houses would give the states the submerged lands off their coasts out to a limit of three miles, at least. This means they could keep the royalties from the oil from within that three-mile boundary. | For some states — particularly Florida and Texas — the limit would be farther out in the sea. Those two states claimed a 10Si- mile limit long ago with more or less congressional approval at the time. But the House and Senate measures are vague in spots and that will probably mean more years of battling in courts. Some- of the main supporters of this "tideland" measure in the Senate frank- i ly admit they don't know how far out to sea some states might be able to claim ownership on historic grounds. The House and Senate would let United States, not for just the resi-' the government have what the dents of a few states. The states ' states can't claim, although the claimed ownership to the sub-! Senate measure doesn't say what merged lands as part of their the government should do with its One Man's Monument— Memphis Man's Drive to Spreaa Ten Commandments Begins to Grow BY?!: MIMPHIS JAYGrES.1952 ^«'4.-44flLi.l'l. .:._.'* J ONLY THE BEGINNING — So says W. R. Price of this monument bearing the Ten Commandments erected in Conferedate Park, Memphis. It's a milestone in his year-old one-man campaign. By NULL ADAMS i Price started his project more NEA Special Correspondent | than a year ago when his attention MEMPHIS—(NEAl—A one-man | « r as arrested by a flashy billboard campaign to focus America's atten- ion on God's fundamental law — The Ten Commandments — is mov- ng forward. First of the hundreds of monu- tents with the Ten Commandments rights," some of them claiming ownership rights going back at least into the 19th century. There was another factor: Since oil reserves are a vital part of national defense, the government protested it should have full control of the submerged lands for future need. Twice, Democratic - controlled Congresses—in 1946 and 1952 — voted to give the states at least part of those submerged lands but former President Truman killed the idea with a veto. share of the submerged lands. More Japs Freed TOKYO (/P) — The repatriation ship Koan Maru -left today for Chinwangtao to bring back another group of Japanese detained by the Chinese since World War II. Three more repatriation ships will sail tomorrow. The return of the Japanese civilians from China began last month. been put up in Confederate Park in sign advertising a cold drink. • * * He engaged an artist to draw the Ten Commandments with a picture of Moses receiving them from on high. He had this reproduced in an 18x24 inch engraving suitable for framing. These he started selling for $1 each. Las Vegas Wonders- ' What'sHext? LAS VEGAS. Nev. W)—The folk: hereabouts arc wondering todaj what's next in the nation's nucleal bag of tricks. And they're still talking abou yesterday's explosion—the highes yet. The device, dropped from i plane, was detonated more than 5, 000 feet above the Yucca Plat of the Nevada Proving Grounds. It was powerful enough to give Las Vegas a sharp, noisy crack and break a big window in a downtown market, 15 miles from blast point. I was so hi«h that It didn't stir up the desert dust. The stemless atomic cloud rose within minutes to 40,000 or 50,000 feet and was whisked away in a southeasterly direction of high-altitude winds of at least 100 miles an hour. Civilaii air lanes above 24,000 feet were closed for six hours because of possible radioactivity danger, but below that level flying was unrestricted after the blast. St. Louis Voters Choose a Mayor ST. LOUIS wy-St. Louis voters choose a new mayor today In the "irst major city election since the Republican victory in the general election last November. Both parties have sent national 'igures here to plug for their candidates — Democrat Raymond c. Tucker. 56, and Reublican Carl G. Stifel, 58. Tucker has the support of Dem- icratic Mayor Joseph N. Darst. vhose election four years ago took ontrol of the city administration away from the Republicans. Darst is not running for re-election because of poor health. Memphis, overlooking the x mighty The profits go to bmld the monu . Mississippi. ments in parks such as the one just "This is only the beginning.' says erected in Memphis. The framed W. R. (Bob) Price, Memphis appliance salesman, who has just quit his job to devote full time to his campaign to put the Ten Commandments before people all over America. "I hope to see similar monuments erected in parks all over the country," Price said with enthusiasm as the Memphis Junior Chamber of Commerce, which sponsored the commandments Price wants to see hanging in schools, prisons, courtrooms, stores and factories all over America. He mails them from his home in Memphis. Finally, in addition to the framed engravings and monuments in parks, Price hopes to establish in Washington, D. C., a great spire piercing the heavens, a structure that will be as impressive as Wash- Ecksfine Pays $300 in Fines NEW YORK (JP) — Singer Billy Eckstine paid $300 in fines yesterday after pleading guilty to six traffic offenses dating back to Angus 1950. ,The Negro singer said he fcravele extensively and was not aware o five of the tickets, for illegal park ing. The other was for speeding, Read Courier News Classified Ads. Memphis project, dedicated it. ington Monument or Lincoln Mem- orial — an international shrine t the Ten Commandments. Jesu Christ and the Sermon on th Mount. Here's your opportunity to own and drive a really fine automobile at only a few hundred dollars more than you'd pay for a car in the lowest-priced field! TN ALL truth, the new Packard -' 1 CLIPPER is enjoying public response—far beyond expectations—and has, since the first day it was shown! Because the value is there, and the price is right. How can Packard do it? Deliver 1 so much big-car value and performance at medium-car prices? FIRST: It's Packard engineering—traditionally fine, historically dependable. Packard, you remember, is the oldest maker of fine quality cars in America. SECOND: Packard occupies a unique manufacturing position, for Packard alone with 54 years' experience in fine car building, combines craftsmanship of the highest character, and modern mass production -techniques, to produce greater dollar for dollar values. In addition to greater values, you get Packard's contour styling that is setting the new trend in automotive design. Contour styling means not only a handsomer car, but better visibility —any way you look! You get the smoothness and comfort of the famous Packard ride, too— real big-car ridel You get the unforgettable kitten- smooth, whip-quick pull and zoom of the Packard Thunderbolt-8 Engine— real big-car powerl In all, you get more than 70 big-car features! If you plan to buy a car in the $2500 price-class be sure to see and drive the new Packard CLIPPER and compare it with other medium-priced cars. Surprisingly enough the CLIPPER costs only a few hundred dollars more than cars in the lowest-priced field. And, of course, there's a wide range of new beautiful CLIPPER models, any one of which will give you a lift, as well aa a ride, anytime you drive it! In addition to the new CLIPPER, Packard of course continues to build one of the finest cars in the world sold under the single name PACKARD—America's new choice in fine cars. Now—Ask the man who owns one! MOTOR SALES COMPANY 217 West Walnut Straet Blythevillt, Ark. Voters to Polls In Los Angeles LOS ANGELES «P>—Half million voters nre expected at the polls In today's Los Angeles municipal primary. The big question is whether the voters will re-elect Mayor Fletcher Bowron, who has held the office 15 veare. He has four opponents: Re- JUblican Congressman Morris Poul;on, City Engineer Lloyd Aldrlch, President Paul Burke of the board of education, and Mrs. Myra Tanner Weiss, Socialist Workers party candidate. The municipal offices are nonpartisan. Bo/i/en to Germany BONN. Germany W')—Charles E. Bohlen. new U. S. ambassndor to Russia, is scheduled to fly to Germany from Paris tomorrow for two dnys of talks with American officials here hefore flying on to Moscow Saturday. DORS see objects best when they are 20 or more feet distant. National Citizens Committee Urged By Health Group WASHINGTON (/n - A call w« sounded today for the formation of a "national citizens committee lor the World Health Organization." The World Health Organization <WHO> is a specialized tgency «t the United Nations to work for "the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health." Dr. Frank G. Boudreau of New York told a national conference of Individuals and organizations that WHO had requested the formation of "citizens' committees" In various countries to help and advise WHO in Its over-all mission. Economic Control Bill Is Drafted WASHINGTON W) ~ The Senate Banking Committee starts today to draft an economics controls bill which Chairman Capehart (R-Indi predicts will include 00-day freeze authority for use in a war crisis. Despite some signs of improved prospects for a Korean truce, Capehart said in advance of the closed members would vote for a freeze session that 12 of the committee's 15 provision that would permit the President to slap on price, wage and rent controls for 90 days In a serious emergency. Ancient Gilt Coins Found RANG MAHAL. Bikaner, North India «p> — Sweden's il-member archeologlcal expedition in the Ra- jasthan Desert has uncovered rare gilt coins "never before found" dating back at least to the time of Christ. Dr. Hanna Rydh, Stockholm archeologist who heads the excavations, declared that three of the gilt coins were discovered in a batch of 20 coins of all types in a tiny dwelling roo min this excavated village. jPLANTERSHDWECOJnc. |126 West Main Blyfrheville, Ark. QUITTING BUSINESS | Packed! Jammed! Crowded! To the Limit that isa Picture of the Storel Ever since the opening Wednesday, April 1st. when we opened this sale thousands of people have been eagerly, Joyously buying up the tremendous bargains provided for them through our determination to close out this stock in the shortest possible time. anamay/!£ natei aqam SUCH BARCAIM AJ THEM This is a real genuine quitting business sale. When this stock is closed out there will be no Planters Hardware Inc. Take advantage of this once in a life time bargain. $125.00 Speedmatic Saw $49.50 Sander PORTER CABLE. Electric. Ideal for finishing furniture or cahinet building. Long cord attached for easy operation. Uses disc type paper. You won*t want to miss this bargain, only one In stock. $39.09 $37.95 Rifle SAVAGE. Combination 22 and 410 shotgun. Shoots 22 with top barrel and 410 with bottom barrel. Full choke. Use either 22 Ions or 22 short. World famous for dependability and accuracy. Walnut slock will] full pistol grip. $29.99 PORTER CABLE. New Uickproof clutch safety. BaUmced for one hand operation. 115 volts, 7 amps, complete with combination blade. $98 $29.95 Gas Heater Perfect for home or office. 23,000 B.T.U.'s. Natural or Ihiiifified pas. Brown porcelain enamel finish. $23.50 $14.95 Tricycles AH steel tricycles. Various sires. Good strong construction with adjustable handle bars and seat. 1%" semi- pneumatic tires. $10.75 ?.95 Home Cleaner GENERAL ELECTRIC, swivel type, rotating In a complete circle. Cleans from floor to cell- ing. Easy to operate. One year warranty. All attachments included to clfan everything you have to be cleaned. $79 $429.95 Upright Freezer NORGR freezer Is nprifht for easy storing. No bendinff, just open the door and everything Is right hefore you. Glass fiber insulation, removable, adjustable lray«, two 22 Ib. capacity eacli, storage baskets, 5 year guarantee. A beautiful appliance to add to the beauty AAAA of your kitchen. You won't want to Jk A XII miss this bargain, only one In stock, f»****» $14.50 Metal Cabinets Three shelves, storage cabinet. Just right In size la M on the «1de» or over your sink. 26x14. White enamel flnlnh. j unb i ift'Jiv ill "$9.75 $299.95 Refrigerator NORGH. Automatic defroster, interior deco- rali'd in beautiful blue finish. Removable trays, double si/e crispcr, large aluminum Insulated frecxcr compartment. Shelving; built Into door. Five year guarantee on unit. 9 cubic feet of space. $237 $9.75 Wagons RADIO FLYER. All steel wagons, rubber tires rfith ball bearing: wheels. This wagon would be helpful in the garden. Buy one now before they are gone at this bargain price. $6.95 Paint We have a complete line of Martln-Scnour paint, also Super Kern-Tone. Now Is the time to do your interior or exterior decorating. We will be glad to help you match your colors. Come in before the select colors are gone. $229.95 Auto. Washer NOROE, Saves money, saves your health, saves you time. Complete washing In one operation. One your warranty. A space saver, just Install It beside your sink. Ynnr clothes £4"f|| will be more sanitary and will last AI/SI longer. If

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