Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on February 25, 1891 · Page 2
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February 25, 1891

Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 2

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Wednesday, February 25, 1891
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FEE-GIVING IN FRANCE. -A Practice That IB Very Costly and Annoy. Injr to KoroijjnerH. What American traveling abroad, and especially in France, does not hate the custom of constant fee-giving? says a Paris letter. The "pourboire" is a Euro_ pean institution so firmly rooted in the customs of the people that it will be difficult to eradicate it. Every one lias to submit to this species of servitude, natives as well as foreigners. ]t is a voluntary servitude, to be sure, created by gratitude and perpetuated by habit; but it now has all the force of'an act of the legislature. One is not legally obliged to give fees, but custom has •made the practice as obligatory as any Jaw. Frenchmen were able to overthrow the Bastile 101 yoars ago, but they are powerless against the "pourboire" of to-day. If natives can not thange the custom, how little can foreigners avail? 1 have often heard independent Americans exclaim, on their arrival in Paris for the first time, that they would not give fees everywhere, that they were Americans, that they would not conform to such customs, «tc. Life was soon made a burden to them, and they found that they would •either have to give fees or return home. They were opposed to it on principle more than from a desire to save money. The custom is all wrong, but, in the memorable words of Bill Tweed, "what are you going to do about it?" Let us see how this custom of constant fee-giving affects the traveler. We will suppose that he arrives from America by the French line of steamers. Before he lauds at Havre he is obliged to give at least 10 francs each to "his state-room steward, waiter, "boots," and smoking-room attendant, in all about SS. Then he must give 10 cents to the porter who carries his luggage to the train and from the train on ar- •nval' in Paris, and 2 cents to a dirty individual-who opens the door of his cab.' The "cabby" expects a "pourboire" of at least 10 cents. The hotel •porter's assistant (a man found on the street) expects 12 cents for assisting to carry up the traveler's trunk to his room, and the porter also as much. By the time the tourist has reached his room in the Paris hotel he has spent $8.72 in fees alone. Now while he remains in the gay French capital the amount of fees that he must give depends upon his mode of life. If he rides in cabs and takes his meals at restaurants his expenses for fees will be 'considerable.- Stingy native's 'only {five to their cabby a'pobrboire of 5 or 4 cents, but most foreigners give half a franc "(10 cents) e.-ich'.time; •and the minimum fee at restaurants is 1 sou (or cent) in the franc. That is, if the-dinner costs 10 francs, at least 10 cents mnst be given to the waiter as a fee. Let us suppose the traveler takes his noonday breakfast at a restaurant •jmd if he is not stingy he will leave the ~emaU change for the waiter, say 23 <• cents. Fees given at different galleries and free exhibitions will amount to at least SO cents; fee to waiter who served a glass of beer. 2 cents; fee to barber {for they expect it), 5 cents; "cabby," 10 cents; waiter at dinner, small change left, 18 cents; "cabby," to theater, 10 cents; fee to inevitable cab-door opener, - twice 4 cents; to the odious "ouvreuse" ' (who does the duty of usher attbeater), 10 cents; programme, never free, Scents; fee at cafe, between the acts, 10 cents; . "cabby," to hotel, 10 cents; total, $1.35 for fees alone for one person, one day, :an Paris, to which must be added atleast .20 cents as the average daily proportion I of fees he must pay the servants at his ; 1*hotel when he leaves, although "ser*' Tice" is charged for in the bill separately- The above is not exaggerated, it is •what the average tourist would pay in p-fees; he might give less, but he might |j«lso give more. It represents about 25 cent, on the amount of his ordinary |j>«xpenses for meals, cabs, theater, etc. (A There is a league being formed jjkaguinst the "pourboire" at restaurants, L and by whom do you think? By the •waiters themselves. -Yes, that is true, ^-and they have lately been holding a ^•conference in Paris with the avowed f object of suppressing fees at cafes. '""The proprietors of such establishments' * not only do not pay the waiters any '•salary, but they take for themselves a portion of the iees paid to the waiters "by the consumers. Ivow the waiters •wish to abolish the fee system and have •fixed, salaries established for them. It ^Vwonld be much better for them, and for £:th.e public as well. This tax of a sou in "the franc is a heavy one, and amounts "to a large sum during the year. The of a glass of beer in Paris is •usually 7 cents, but the customer has to 1 cent, at least, to the waiter who .•jBerves it If he neglects to do so he does not dare enter that particular cafe *jrain. But this "pourboire" does not )"btain any extra service, and it is the iness of the proprietors, of res- iurants and cafes to have their cus- injers served, and this should be without any extra expense. Let the proprietors pay the waiters a salary, and. |,Bll will be well. If the waiters suc- ;ed in abolishing the pernicious cus- >m of feeing they will be doing a good g.—Boston Journal. Primitive man became a mineralogist almost with the first use of unworked stones, for he had to consider grain, density and toughness, and it was not long perhaps before color and trans- ,lucency.became important considera- . tions through the association of ideas of a mystic nature. Little by little and through a long series of exploitations and" experiments his learned to utilize all suitable stones that came within his reach. When an implement of chipped stone was tc be made it was necessary first to secure the raw material. Erosive agencies had scattered countless fragments of flakable stones over the face of the country, and these were gathered and used; but when such materials became scarce or were not within convenient reach, excavation was resorted to. This led to the discoverythat freshly exhumed stone was more easily and surely worked than that seasoned by long exposure, and the art of quarrying came into existence. Quarrying began with the removal of a buried or partially buried stone from its bed in the soil and culminated in the removal of hills and tunneling of mountains. When detached fragments, bowlders, and nodules were not sufficiently plentiful or ceased to be desirable for working, the roclifs in place were attacked, bowlders were removed from their beds, splinters were broken from exposed masses of rock, and ledges were followed deep into the earth. In Arkansas there are pits dug into the solid rock—a heavily bedded novac- ulite—to the depth of twenty-five feet and having a width of one hundred feet or more. In Ohio and in other States similar phenomina have been observed. In the District of Columbia extensive quarries were opened in the gravel- bearing bluffs, and millions of quartzite and quartz bowlders were secured and worked. The extent of this native quarrying industry has not until recently been realized. Such work has been considered beyond the capacity of savages, and when the ancient pits were observed they were usually attributed to the gold-hunters of early days, and in the South are still known"at Spanish diggings. From Alaska to Peru the hills and mountains are scarred with pits and trenches. The ancient methods of quarrying are not well known, and up to the present time no tools have been discovered save rude hammers of stone improvised "for the purpose. .Picks of bone or antler' and'pikes, of wood 'were probably employed. Associated with these pittings are ample evidences .of'the object of the excavation. Great heaps or encircling ridges of refuse, in sases containing hundreds of tons of the refuse of manufacture—fragments, flakes, failures, and tools broken in use and deserted wheu the work ended— are found. A study of this refuse usually . indicates' clearly and fully the nature and extent of the work carried on. When the incipient implement became too attenuated or fragile to withstand the blows necessary to flaking without imminent danger of breaking other methods had to be employed. The statement has been made by some writers that arrow points are produced by simple percussion^ the hammers being reduced in size to correspond with the increasing fragility of the object worked. This process, however, must be exceptional—W. H. Holmes, in Philadelphia Press. SOME BIG the FAILURES Past Twenty-five , There have been eighteen great financial crises during the last century and a quarter, viz.: In 1763, at Amsterdam, originating with the house of De Neauf- ville, and involving 77 failures. The failures in Holland in 17SC exceeded £10,000,000. In 1799 in Hamburg" there were 32 failures, involing £2,000,000. There was a panic in Liverpool in the same year, which was, however, somewhat mitigated by Parliament lending £500,000 in exchequer bills on goods. In 1814 240 banks suspended payment in England. In 1825, at Manchester, failures occurred to the amount of £2,000,000. The Calcutta failure of 1S31 involved £13,000,000. The "wildcat" prices in the States in 1837 caused all their banks to close. In 1S30 the Bank of England was saved by the Bank of France, A panic in France during the same year caused 93 companies to fail for the sum of £0,000,000. In 1844 a crisis in England brought about the reformation of the Bank of England. The English fail ures of 1847 involved £20,000,000. During the great panic of 1857 in the States 7,200 failed for £12,000,000. The Overend.Gtirney & Co.'failure nearly a quarter of a century ago involved failures costing upward of £100,000,000. "Black Friday" in Wall street was on September 24, 1809. The shoe and leather trade crisis in Boston, United States of America, in 1SS3, caused losses amounting to over £2,000,000. The Grant & Ward failure in New York City in 1SS4 involved many financial and business houses and a loss of over £5,000,000. — Financial News. , Read What Hon. Wm. E. Gladstone SAYS: —"How are you getting on with the piano?" asked Alphonso, of his best girl "Oh, very well; I can see great improvement in my work." "How is that?" "Well, the family that lived next door moved away within a week after 1 began to practice. The next people stayed a month, the next ten weeks, and the family there now have remained nearly six months." The Importance of purifying the blood cannot be overestimated, for without pure blood you cannot enjoy good health. At this season nearly every one needs a good medicine to purify, vitalize, and enrich the blood, and we ask you to try Hood's PAfMlliai* Sarsa P arilla - Itstrengthens rebuild! and Builds U p the system, creates an appetite, and tones the digestion, while it eradicates disease. The peculiar combination, proportion, and preparation of the vegetable remedies used give to Hood's Sarsaparilla pecul- T-«. l-fool-f lar curative powers. No * O I LSGIi othermedicmehassucharecord of wonderful cures. If you have made up your mind to buy Hood's Sarsaparilla do not be induced to take any other instead. It Is a Peculiar Medicine,-and is worthy your confidence. Hood's Sarsaparilla is sold by all druggists. Prepared by C. I. Hood & Co., Lowell, Mass. IOO Doses One Dollar CIianKCs of Climate Kill more people than is generally known. Particularly is this the case in instances where the constitution is delicate, and among our immigrant population seeking new homes in those portions of the West, and where malarial and typhoid fevers preval at certain seasons of the year. Tbe best preparative for a change of climate, oo of diet and water which that change necessitates, is Hosteller's Stomach Bitters, which not only fortifies the system against malaria, a variable temperature, damp, and the debilitating effects of tropical heat, bntis also the leading remedy for constipation, dyspepsia, liver complaint, bodily troubles specially apt to attack emigrants and visitors to regions near the equator, mariners aud tourists. Whether used as a safeguard by sea voyagers, travelers by land, miners, or of agriculturists ia new populated districts, this fine specific has elicited the most favorable testimony. Attractive and Promis[ng Investments CHICAGO REAL ESTATE • , TURNER & BOND, 102 Washington St., Chicago, III, Established 1875. liefercnte 1st Ml. Hank, Chicago. I run Information nenton application ?E*? r ,/,!!i e 'i number of acre tracts In ,.. y \ n ™ lbl ; r of . deslrab'lo tir!it mortsiiire" loans for sale, drawing (j per cent ncmi-aunmU Interest. Among Specia/' Bargains in Acres we Quote' j° ncresi at Clyde, near station, S2.5UO per acre. 0,12 or ISacrea near Klver Forest. SUM per acre. 130 ucres near Desplulnes, SBO pur acre. In Cei Also centnet,.rai,00a OSljdon Avc..anaClybourn PI. Stor.es and pay 10 per cent net. Price $15.0)0. -t. Stores Pi flats Also vacant comer in best wlmleside dlst £286 000 fcMcaoo was never gromltia Jiislrr than nnw. Jvdt- clems inveatiiienteauilLprctducc luintkumc returns. MY EXAMINATION OF THE AMERICANIZED Encyclopaedia Britaniea Has been entirely satisfactory. The following- are some of the points noted in my examination: In Biography I find the "AMERICAN ENCYCLOPEDIA BRITANNICA" treats o£ the life of every man that has helped to mould the history of his times or that has controlled the events and destinies of his people or of the world —whether that life be in ancient, medieval, modern or present time. Four thousand separate biographies are included under this feature—a feature embraced in NO OTHER'CYCLOPAEDIA NOW IN PRINT. CARE OF A PIANO. THE MAKING OF ARROWS. r ast Extent of the Xati vc Quarrying Industry From Maine to Oregon. The arrow point was usually made of one material firmer and heavier than |the shaft, and was attached by means if thongs and cement. Its purpose was insure greater accuracy and range, id to g-ive greater penetrating power fio the weapon. It is not possible in all ies to distinguish points made for the ' from those made and employed tor projectiles thrown by the hand, .or ^flu-owing- sticks, or from those intended ito T>e hafted .and used-as knives, dag-- Ijgers, 'drills, and the like. £5 'The materials used for flaking- are numerous. Those in ordinary use this country include vein quartz, .cedony, agate, jasper, flint, horn- chert, novaculite, slate, argillite, ,rtzite, and obsidian. Rare forms, as quartz-crystal, camelian, ame- IjBiyst, opal, etc., were also employed When available. With Proper Attention It Will Last a Lifetime. With propei 1 care and attention a g-ood piano should last a family a lifetime, says Charles H. Steinway, the piano manufacturer. If this is not given it the piano will in time become harsh and "tin-panny" and afford little satisfaction or delight to its owner. Ordinary practice, whether by a child or a grown-up person, will not injure a piano in any way. It is not necessary to be a professional piano player, and to know exactly with what force to strike the keys in order, to keep the instrument in good condition. Of course, it will not be improved by thumping the case, or by striking the keys with any hard substance. Neither docs this remark apply to schools and institutions where playing is taught'and the instrument is used continuously for ten or twelve hours every day. In the latter case the felt portions will wear out sooner than if used in a private family. The matter of tuning should, not be neglected and should not be intrusted to any other than an experienced person. Incapable tuners often work irreparable injury to the most perfect and costly instrument During- the first year a new piano should be tuned every three or four months, at least. After that it will only be necessary to h ave it tuned at longer intervals. Dampness is the most dangerous enemy the piano has to, contend against, and for this reason the climate must be considered. If the instrument is placed in a damp room, or left open in a draught of air, the result will be that the strings, tuning-pins and the various metal will become coated with rast, and the cloth iised in the - construction of the keys and action become swollen. It is positively painful to play on such a piano.—Ladies' Home Journal. Has Joined the Throng. DAYTON, TBVN., 3. beautiful town of 5,000 in- nabitants, located on the Qiiccn ind Crescent Route, 293 miles south of Cincinnati, has hitherto kept aloof from the excitement attending the boom of the New South; but the possibilities offered by a town already established with an inexhaustible supply of coal, iron and timber, and with cokeinjj ovens, blast furnaces, factories and Nashville, in connection with prominent banking Srms in New England, have formed a company to be known as the Corporation of Dayton, for the sale of town lots, the establishmcn' of industrial enterprises, etc. ' It is an assured fact that within six months Dayton will have another railroad from the bouth-east, which will make it an important junction and transfer point for nearly one-fifth of the freight and passenger traffic between the Great North-west and the South-east. In addition to this it is located on the Q^ and C., one of the largest and most important of the Southern Trunk Lines. It is in the midst of the fertile and beautiful Tennessee Valley; has already an established reputation as a prosperous and s. e manufacturing town and some additional •strength as a hcwlth resprt. The strongest firm at present located there 7s the Day ton Coal &IroL Co., an English Corporation, -who have built a standard gauge railroad to their mines, and own 20.000 acres of good coal and iron and timber land, just West of and adjoining Dayton. It is proposed to have a Land Sale JDcccmber 3rd, 4th and 5th, and special trains will be run from New England also 1'rom the important cities of the North and North-west, which will undoubtedly be a great success, as tlie plan is to discourage extravagant 'prices and put the property in the hands ofthe people atapncc where they can afford to hold and improve it. Excursion tickets, Cincinnati to Dayton and return, will be sold by,agents QUEEN ANO CRESCENT ROUTE and connecting lines North. Four through trains daily from Cincinnati withou/ change of cars. A Spring Medicine. The druggist claims that people caD dally lor the new cure for constipation and sick headache, discovered by Dr. Silas Lane while In the Kockj Mountains. It Is said to be Oregon grape root (a great remedy In the far west for those complaints) combined with simple herbs, and is made tor use '>y pouring on boiling water to draw out the strength. It sells at 50 cents a package and Is called Lane's Family Medicine. Sample free, leod We believe we have a thorough knowledge of all! the ins and outs of newspaper advertising, gained in an experience of twenty-five years of successful business; •we have the best equipped office, by far the most comprehensive as well fcag the roost convenient system, of Row Co. Newspaper Advertising Bureau, 10 Spruce St., New York.' placing contracts and verifying tnelr I'alflllment and nnrrcaled iacilitiea in all departments for careful and intelligent service. We offer our services to all who contemplate spending $10 or 810,000 in ae-wspaper advertisme and who wish. to get .the most and test advertising for the "money. In History I find the history of every nation that has flourished, fully outliced * the physical geography, the geology, climate, natural productions—animal or plants, fete.,; as well as the governmental, religious, social and commercial status of- each perion of its history—whether of Babylon, Egypt India. Europe or America; whether in an era of the world 4,000 years past, or in the year of our Lord, 1891. In the Arts and Sciences I find that its leading and greatest articles have been penned only by the hands of our greatest masters in Europe and America.""' No LITTLE men have figured in the great chapters on Science—none but the greatest in experiment and analysis. Their close analyses, .their brilliant, experiments and their triumphant demonstrations alone rest under the grand conclusions of science in general, as published in these volumes. In Literature I find the literature of the highest thought wherever the name is mentioned, The history of no country is mentioned unconnected from its literature—if it had a literature. English, American, French, German —are given as fully as any other characteristic feature in the history of a people PINE-APPLE SYRUP FOR YOUR COUGHS, COLDS, ASTHMA In Religion AND Gonins Recognized. The exchange editors of the American press are the most vigilant in the world. They are .keen and indefatigable in their hunt for brig-lit and readable matter; no matter where good work is done—whether in New York City or in the fastnesses of Missouri—the exchange editor is bound to ferret it out and exploit it. These gentlemen are the promoters of intellectual merit; they are the best friends that our young newspaper writers have.. They are intelligent, discriminating, appreciative, far-searching- and generous. Other departments in our system of journalism may have their equals elsewhere, but, we repeat, our exchange editors are unquestionably the best. in the world. Long may they wave.—Chicago News. Bncklen'n Arnica Salve. The Best Salve In the world for Cuts, Bruises, Sores, Ulcers, Salt Rheum, Fever Sores, Tetter, Chapped Hands, Chilblains Corns, and all Skin Eruptions, and positively cures Piles, or no pay required, It Is guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction, or money refunded, trice 25 cents per box. FOR SALE BY B. F. Keesllng, (ly) Miles'Kerve an <i liver Pills. An Important discovery. They act on the liver, stomach and bowels through the nerves. Anew principle. They speedily cure biliousness, bad taste, torpid liver, piles and collstlpatlon Splendid lor men, women and children. Smallest mildest, surest. 30 doses lor 25 cents. Sample? free at B. t'. Keesllng's, 1 It is unexcelled as a CROUP REMEDY. So pleasant that children cry for it. Cures all Throat, Lung and Bronchial troubles, and is pleasant, positive and PERFECT. For sale by J. F-, Coulson & Co.- feb8d&w3m I nnd this Encyclopaedia a treasure-house filled with the finest and the ablest contributions of some of the greatest of our scholars. The Bible of every great religion—its composition and the history of its origin— whether in India or Europe, in Palestine or China—has had the trated light of scores of the best living intellects thrown upon it, articles on. the Bible in this Encyclopedia. concen- iu the On EverySnbject I have found the deepest research, the profoundest investigation linked with .the most lucid statement, as if truth alone were the objective and only point aimed at by the writers of this great and latest publication of encyclopasdiac knowledge. THE RET. GEO. H. THAYEB, of Bourbon, Ind., says: "Both myself and wife owe our lives'to Shiloh's Consumptive Cure. Sold by B. F. Keesling ' - - ' 6 CATAEKH CUBED, health and sweet breath secured, by Shiloh's Catarrh Remedy. Price 50 cents. Nasal injector free. Sold by, B. F. Kees ing 3 o3s:'e Cotton Hooti COMPOUND .Composed of Cotton Root, Tansy and Pennyroyal—a recent discovery Dy an old physician. Ja successfully uitd monthly— Safe, .Effectual. Price $1, by mail, sealed. Ladles, ask your drusglst for Cook'» Cotton Boot Compound and take no substitute, or inclose 2 stamps for sealed particulars. Addres» POND lltY COMPANY, No. 3 Block, 131 Woodward ave., Detroit, Mich. Pain and dread attend the use of most catarrh remedies. Liquids and snuffs are un pleasant as well as dangerous. Ely's Cream Balm Is safe, pleasant, easily applied Into the nasal passages and heals the Inflamed membrant- giving relief at Once. Price 50c, to28 CROUP, WHOOPING COUGH and bronchitis immediately relieved by Shiloh's Curr. Sold by B. F. Keesling-.' 5 K REMEMBER LINC IS THE NAME OF THAT Wonderful Remedy That Cores CATARRH, HAY-FEVER, COLD in the HEAD, SORE THROAT, CANKER, For Sale by leading Druggists. HOW TO GET THIS GREAT WORK! / On payment of $10.00 down ac'd signing contract to pay $2. 00 per -month for eight months, we will deliver the complete work in ten volumes/ cloth binding, "and agree to send DAILY JOURNAL to you for one year' FREE? Or cash f 28 for books and paper one year. In Sheep Binding— $12 down ; $3 per month or 133.50 cash. , -.; .' In Half Seal Morocco Binding— $13 down, $3.25 per month, or $36 cash. Books can be examined at our office, where full information can be obtained. Or by dropping us a postal we will have our representative call on you with samples • ' . . • t . * . D- PRATT, Pub. Journal,

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