The Times from London, Greater London, England on April 28, 1921 · Page 9
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The Times from London, Greater London, England · Page 9

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Thursday, April 28, 1921
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THE TIMES,. THURSDAY, APRIL 28, 1021. ANXIETY AND ILLNESS. ' EXHAUSTED BRAIN CELLS. r SLEEP. THE RESTORER. (lT OCR XKDICAI. CORKESTO!IVC(T.) An Immense amount of attention hM been devoted lately to the conditions known as "horV, exhaustions and wearlnriw. These are physical conditions, and According to lile and physicians who think lib him can be hown to aris from an exhaustion from or emptying of the cells of the brain and nervous system of a substance which plains in a particular way and is generally referred to 'a ehromalttne. This view is, indeed, supported by a trreat deal of evidence and is finding new adherents in many countries. It powuwse a wide general Interest, for it is obvious that circumstances which tend to exhaust or empty he erfls of the nervous system must tend alo to reduce tho strength and resistance of the whole organism, In other words, worry,' anxiety, stress and strain, as directly conduce to .neae - as uoos disease llsclt. All are debilitating agents; the effect of all is to nuke the body a more easy prey to its many ' enemies. V 'cannot well afford to oTerlook these considerations at a moment when worry and anxiety lurk in almost erery hour of the day. It may seem a Ions step from the income - tar to. ay, an attack of pneumonia ; yet the two are not necessarily unrelated. Strikes' and rumours of atrikee. trade; depression, the thrvat of civil disturbance all exercise their eJIet on the human organism. Because of each or any of them an expenditure of nervous rncrgy must be made. Tax Ojte JIgctobatitk. This does not perhaps signify much so long as restoration equals loss. It is when the indn idual begins to lire on bis, nervous capital'that the situation has become serious. All the recent work has gone to show that the great restorative is sleep. There is no substitute. But restless days mean too often rotles nights. Exhaustion begins to show itself in a general uneasiness, a spasmodic and futile activity. The evil process can only be checked by restoration, of the diminished nervous tissue. Some achieve this by a holiday, but the mischief of our present conditions is that the victim of financial troubles cannot escape from them; often he feels he can scarcely afford the expense of a cessation of work. Ills mind is kept continuously "on the stretch. . When sleep faOs, his position Is Indeed serious. Thus the greatest need of our time is, perhaps, refreshing sleep. If we sleep well, we shall make up at night for the stresses and strains, of the day. If we lose sleep the darkness will become darker and disease, ever watchful for its victims, wiH,bear us down t Insomnia Is pretty frequent at present ; and m ik) is troubled,' tmrriraQung sleep. The remedies re not easy to suggest, for this is so much a personal matter. But many find that an 'upper ' room is better than a krirer one. a bouse situated an a hill than one placed in the vaIWy. Some, again, believe in reading as a preIiminary'to rest, and if a foreign language be chosen the result is said to be better stilL Hypnotics offer but a poor substitute. GAS - DRIVEN LORRIES. PRODUCER PLANT ON TH VEHICLE. A (demonstration was given yesterday at FitzjohnVavenue, Hampstead, with two three - ton motor lorries, the engines of which were driven, by gas made in a producer' plant carried on tlx? vehicles. Tho producer plant proper, together, with the fuel; hopper above it, is an oblong steel casing; I about 4ft. bi?h by nearly 2ft, square, which it mounted on the side of the vehicle asaiut)'tho dashboard, no part of it projecting '.beyond the body line. Tbo fire - box. i tne uouom 01 u casing, is lined Willi a TELEPHONE RATES EXPLAINED. . NO REDUCTION IN COST FOR THREE YEARS. Sir William NobleEngineer - ln - Chicf of the G.r.O. (assisted by Msjor Purvis, K.E.), giving evidence yesterday before the reelect Committee on the Telephone Service. "said that for engineering purposes he thought the administration was excellrnU For the encouragement of new ideas, there was an awards department, to which the rank and file rouM suhmit anv iio. nr nmnnml. Mccial refractory material which is said fb I Officials other than rank and Mo would receive we able to withstand the beat of an ox y - : no award. If there proved to be anything in acetylene name, and the lower part - of the 1 the invention, the inventor was allowed to DISTRESSED BARRISTERS. ' LORD JUSTICE YOUNGERS; APPEAL. IaOBD.JrsriCK YocscEa, who presided at (he annual general meeting of the Barristers' Benevolent Association, yesterday, in the Inner, Temple Hall, referred to the many failures in the profession and the miserably inadequate grants the association bad to make to deserving cases. Only - about a fourth of the practising members of the bar subscribed to the funds, and the association should be, better known, and better supported. Many barristers had been reduced to great poverty through Hmess and other unavoidable causes. and the widows were in the greatest need of assistance. The association had lately interested itself very much in providing for the education of "the children of barristers who had fallen by the way. The report (the adoption of which was seconded by Hr. J. F. P. TUwusoy, K.C.. M.P nd carried stated that. the grants had been increased by a sum of 404, and amounted to 3.695. The total expenditure of every kind as 4.744. as against 4.315 for the year 1I9. Tney welcomed 95 new subscribers. The new committee of management was proposed by Mr. D. M. Kkbat. K.C seconded br Mr. A. G. ROBT. K.CU and elected: and Mr. Ti R. Bcghesv K.CX, in moving a vote of thanks to the old committee, suggested that tlioe who were fortunate enough to have fat briefs might well allocate a proportion of the fee to I 'the - funds of Ihe association. PASSPORTS AND VISAS. THE NEW CHARGES. Notwithstanding the announcement in Tie Times of April 22 that the charge for visas is to be reduced to lOf. gold, or about fc.,for yearly visa, and If. gold, about lOd., for transit visas, - there seems still to be some uncertaintv in the minds of many people as to the exact stale of the case. The rharjrr mentioned were agreed to by the British. Government at the Paris Conference in October, 1920. They will probably be in operation throughout the world by May 15. as regards foreigners wishing to enter" the United Kingdom. As regards the charges for passports it was rwd at the Pans Conference that the grid that supports the incandescent - fuel forms a troughs containing water. This arranse - ment.tiut only prevents overheating of the grid, but; also furnishes the steam which is needed ifor the production of the gas. The water in. the trough is supplied from what was previously the petrol tank, and is kept at a definite; level by means of a float feed. The rest of the plant consists of a dust box, where the gas is cooled and freed from suspended solids, and of a scrubber, placed at the rear of the vehicle, where it is bubbled through water "and passes up through a grid containing - moistened pebbles, to remove tar and volatile constituents which might interfere with the running of the engine. Thence the gas passes to the throttle. The engine is driven just as on petrol; on the testimony of the driver of one of the vehicles which the 'Great Western 'Railway has had running for a fortnight, no difference is noticeable ' except at starting. when a quarter bl an hour orsois required to kindle the fire, and get the producer into workiug order. The apparatus entails an additional weight of - about 4001b, or. say. Sib. to 101 b. per brake, horse power, and can. it is stated, be fitted to any existing petrol commercial Vehicle or tractor at a total cost of 150. Thoattraction of producer gas as a fuel for motor 'vehicles Iks in its cheapness! and this consideration has led various inventors to tackle; tho problem of lata years. With the present' 'plant, which was invented by! Mr. J. W.: Parker .and designed by Mr. U. W. Uarober.' it is stated that a three - ton lorry can carry , a lull load, at the same speed as with petrol, for 100 miles on a Consumption of : SOOlbli of coke, costing 10s. 9L, with coke at 4 a ton, whereas the same vehicle, doing mo same, wore, would consume about 17 gallons of petrol, costing 2 1 Is. With several three - ton lorries equipped with the plant, which have been running for 'some time, the iuei costs are given as l.zza. per mile, or 0.35d. 'per net ton - mile. The producers can also be j worked on charcoal,' which can be made irom wood, or even ,Irom vegetable muse. In tropical countries, where coke and petrol are unobtainable except at very high prices, The makers are Producer Gas Plants, nccadiuy, w.i. HIDDEN ARMS IN IRISH CLUB. 20 SINN FEINERS CHARGED. At Manchester, yesterday, 10 Sinn Feiners, who were; arrested alter a raid on an Irish club, were charged with conspiracy to set on nre aweuing - oousea and warehouses ; some were further charred with wazinr war arainst he King,1 the attempted murder of constables. ana arson. Mr. S., Pearce, for the prosecution, stated uui aonng ioe raia one man was snot dead and three constables were wounded. The' police found under a concealed staircase 15 revolvers, a stock of rifles, hundreds of rounds oi ammunition, and quantities of high lex plosives.; . f inanes .Murniiv deposed that be was a member o t the vol onteers connected with ; the crab. On Friday, April 1, one of the prisoners; named Harding told the men that he had received sudden orders to fire hotels and ware houses at; half - past :8 tho following morning. ne jBsuuciea eijmi men to dook rooms ax various hotels. The men were, told to place paraffin and petrol in their handbags, and he saw men leave ;the club with bags in their hands. At 5.45 am. on April 2 he and two others (Daly and Lee) left the dub, armed with revolvers and carrying a quart tin of paraffin, Ilarding told them to look out for hotels or warehouses with easy entrances, and to - set firo' to them. He and his companions .... i . . - . .... . weni inuj a - WBrenonse m iruand - street, and were met br a charwoman,, who screamed when she saw their revolvers. He placed her on ute noor wmie jaiy and ixe poured oil over cotton goods in the warehouse and "set them on fire. There was a big blaze., and they ran away.jjTbe. witness was arrested, and had been in custody till yesterday, when he was discharged by the magistrate. He. was , an Irishman land be told numbers of the Irish Club that ne was a Sinn Feiner; The bearing was adjourned. FALSTAFFIAN" ARMOUR. THE MORGAN WILLIAMS SALE. The first two of the three days sale i at Lnnsues ;ot the arms, armour, and other furnishings collected by the late Mr. Morgan S. Williams have produced tho unexpectedly high ' total of 30,679 15s. Dr. Bashford Dean, keeper of the armour at the Metro - . poli tan Museum. Xew York. Was a large buyer I on uoui u 3 ; ana ii, a unurrsiooa iiuu Jiessrs. Du veen's still, more important acquisitions are for collectors in the United States. A suit of armour of bright steel for a man of Falstafilan! proportions, probably the work of Koloman' (olman, and clnely resembling a suit at Vienna made by him in 1508, fell at 4,600 guineas to Messrs. Duveen, who also' paid - 2,950 guineas Jor a sword of ihe " Bas - charge made should not be in the nature of a , tard " type, Italian work about 1470, and . . - f i 1.41 mI.Iv - OO m 1 1 n, fnf ' laf IS hwntnpv rh.mffnn tax : the revenue derived is inienoea soieiy to cover the cost. This cost, of course, diners to diffotvnt countries. The Paris Conference did not agree to a uniform charge for the actual passports,' but only for the visas. It 1 aumed that all the Governments whica artended tb Paris Conference will adopt action HniiUr to that taken by the British Govern - xant. ' TJ?.DE SECRETS LEAKAGE. FOREIGN BANKS AND INVOICES. . lsrg. British firm of importers in Spain hi drawn attention; to a remarkable leakace trade information. The firm itates tliat it lu bn approached on more than one-'.anion with offers: to supply the names of trj - . - rs. eustomers of conip - titivc flrro - s with ;li d' - uils of the goods vjld. prices, and trade Wounts, information which often lias a s;U - atU valur. . Inquiries at - the Federation of British hi!xtries thow that this is. a by no means u.L.t. - l rase, and imilar complaints have . rt"iv - d Irom other foreign markets. The wcrre of t leakage is believed to b. un - tuihi1ous loreim bank: officials, who r - n the formation not only to competing BnUsh t - rr ,m. but Uf the agents of German and other ft rrtzu manufacturer. The information ij ri aiiM from the invoice attaclied to the bill oi ladrnz and documents for collection.; The Flcration recommends Britih firms to send tia invoif direct to the 2.200 guiness'for 'a late 15th - century chamfron and crinet '.for the horse fluted in the style of Maximilian armour. The same firm also bought a full suit - of flutrd armour, German work, 1490, 880 guineas; a complete suit of boy's armour, French work, about. 1560, 950 guineas. i line nolade A aveut, of the last half of the I5fh century, fell at 1,950 guineas to Mr. Abbey, who i also bought a 'pair of English stirrups arid horse - bit, 1G30, 420 guineas ; a locking gauntlet for the right hand, late 16th - century Bavarian work, with; a cabawet casque, 720 guineas; snd an 11th - century sword of the Viking type, resembling the Waltham, sword in the. British Museum found in the Thames 'near Westminster, 390 guineas. Dr. Dean bought a set of three reinforcing pieces for the tilt, German, 1520, .620 guineas ; a Venetian! salade, with a coat - of - arms of a Doge, 1 480, 600 guineas ; another of the second half of the. 15th century, from, the Bardini collection; 260 guineas; - an Italian bastard sword, 400, 'guineas ; and a Scottish claymore, raid to have belonged to William Wallace, 185 guineas. A fine Venetian salade, dating from about! (1460. fell at 700 guineas to Mr. Fcnton. Ml Joubert gave 520 guineas for a 'orth Italian 16th - century chamlron of bright steeL ! JUDGE ON UNGUARDED RIFLES. 4 m take out a patent. One - section Of the staff, did nothing but scientific research work. This section bad done very valuable work. . The new telephone rates represented Hie actual cost of providing the service, as nearly as it could be ascertained and apportioned. They did not include any addition for profit, hut they covered all indirect costs, such as depreciation of plant, headquarters establishments, and the leave and pensions of the staff, which must be included if. the telephone, "service was again! to - be made self - supporting. They were based upon a. very. careful and comprehensive study of the elements of capital: and maintenance cost applying to each portion of the plant, and of the operating costs under all conditions met with in practice. The witness proceeded to explain at length how the installation rental charge was arrived at lie said that the costs 'were the same, whatever tho number of calls made by the subscriber.: The installation rental did not cover the operating of any calls. The message fe were calculated to recoup to 'the' Post Office the expense of operating calls, and also the cost of the plant provided for - handling the traffic of subscribers in - common. The whole cost of this plant, with the addition of the cost of operating, administrative, and accounting costs on a "per message' basis was calculated, and the inclusive average cost of handling a message was arrived at. Trunk snd other charges were arrived at by analogous methods. The. calculations of capital cost w - re on a pre - war basis, but curent costs were taken for operating and maintenance. For extensions they li&d estimated on present costs up to 1924. These amounts were averaged with old capital, costs. . New IxsnunrKNTs vow Old. .Major Purvis said he would not object to the annual charge - to private residents being less than to business men if the total number of calls were less than the basie number on whi r h the present charge was - fi xed. V The CBAiRitax sajd that this case of waste had been brought to his notice. A subscriber was leaving his flat, and another his house. The incoming tenant in each case wanted a telephone, and asked: to be allowed to retain the instrument' in position, The Post Office refused to sanction this, and took the instruments away, but installed new instruments in each case. Major Purvis said he could not: understand such a thing being done. Sir William Noble said it depended on how long elapsed between the removal 'of "the old instruments and the installation of the others. If some time elapned it would show that the I'ost Office took them away for the use of someone who was on the waiting list - for an instrument, and only supplied the. new. tenants in proper rotation Answering other questions. Major Purvis said be still maintained that the charge.made for the telephone service only just covered its' cost. The CHAnuf ax said be had a letter from the Board of Health, Eldinbnrgh, asking' whether the Admiralty's emergency wires, in Scotland were to be allowed to remain. "Nk. - Sir William Noble said that the ontlri lines in Scotland would not justify the department in retaining them,; except on payment of a very high rental. The suggestion that the local authority should take them over temporarily was reasonable. Asked bow long it was expected that tie cost of materials would keep the telephone charges at their present high level of cost. Sir illinm Noble said that there would be no reduction tor at least three years. The inquiry was adjourned until, to - day. TAXED BEYOND - ENDURANCE." MR. MACHINES WARNING. The annual meeting of the London 'Chamber of Commerce was held yesterday at the Skinners' Hall, Dowgate - hill, E.O, Mr. STAXLKT MAaU.fi president, in the chair. In moving the adoption - of the report and accounts, the President said that; the nation was passing through one of the most difficult periods in its existence. We were living beyond our income, and a Budget of 1,216,650,000 was more than we could continue to bear. At a .time when industry was fighting' for its very existence, we were being taxed beyond our powers of endurance, The Excess Profits. Duty had gone, , but it evil effects would remain for years to come. We all appreciated the importance of education and housing, but; in these days we could not afford luxuries and the demands under both these heads far exceeded the nation's power to pay. We could not afford to wait, and unless the position was tackled resolutely, and at once, enterprise would cease, and pur industries would lamrnish. The difficulties of the country were being enormously increased by organised' unrest in the industrial world. The reports that had been spread that employers generally were desirous of reducing wages to pre - war level were monstrously untrue. (Uneers.1 lie did not believe that the recent - movement represented the views of the great body of workers It was - imperative that if permanent peace was to be secured it should hot be in the power of any small body of men to threaten Constitutional government and cause widespread misery and ruin throughout the land; (Ubeers.) lie was convinced m country was sound : that Industry was sound and that7 with courageous - leadership the honesty' and common sens of the peopl would prevail and enable the present diffi culties, great though they undoubtedly were. to be success! ally overcome. (Cheers.) Thk ItKvexus Bux. Sir Jakes Haktxx, the retiring chairman of the1 Council, seconded the motion, lie said that the Bevenue Bill was being widely criti ciscd. Ho admitted. that there was a good deal that was cumbersome in the existing law and. practice, but at the same time there was an uneasy feeling that, tho liill would put tho : tax jiayer more and more into the .hands of the permanent officials.' The' General Commissioners, of whom he himself happened to be one. were tnating a considerable outcry in regard to the weakening of their powers, but ho was not sure that he possessed ss much sympathy for his colleagues as was manifested in the Press. The Bevenue Bill would be dealt with by the Taxation Committee from the standpoint of. the interests oi the members of the Chamber, and they would not willingly surrender any privileges which they might now nossess. (Cheers.)' Dealing with the Excess Profits Duty, the speaker said that the unamher had brougnt before the Chancellor of the Exchequer and Mr. Chamberlain the' grave ' difficulty eon - fronting persons engaged in trade and com - ' merce in regard - to the heavy fall in stocks in trade, and also to the serious liability confronting many firms in regard' to deliveries' of goods which they had had to take on a falling market under forward contracts entered into at high Prices in the ordinary course of business. Mr. Chamberlain had stated in Parliament that the Chancellor of the 'Exchequer was giving further consideration to the problem. w Sib Jakes Mabtix afterwards announced that Mr. Machin had been re - elected president by the practically unanimous voice of the members. . The following members were de - dared elected as the Council for the ensuing three years r AVfcrmaa Blr C Savsuxl Blade. Mr. R. A. pattenan, Mr. C TbirkelL Mr. A. B. Kent. Mr. P. a Daasld. Mr. a IX Msrtoo. lord Birth. Mr. C T. Cnls. Sir John Ones, bam. Mr. J. C FlUaua. Mr. foUk. MX. V. &. BMT. ana air. u. rninxoo. 1YEW AUCTION MART. CATTLE 3IAIMING. CASES REPORTED PRESTON. NEAR A case of cattle maiming is reported from lira; near' Preston. Six cows' on Danes Pad Farm, belonging to Mr. Sanderson, have been injured, and one bas died. It is stated that the maiming was so accom plished as to leave no doubt that it was wiuuL CHILD WINDOW - SLASHERS CHARGES - AT PORTSMOUTH. Four members of a self - confessed gang of window - slashers, the biggest of them 11. years old. were brought before the' Children's Court at Portsmouth yesterday. Anotncr memoer, being only five years old, had not been ar - rcstrd. The boys, who said their idea was to beliave like Sinn Feiners, were, told that Sinn Feiners were not the sort of people Uf copy, and 'the eldest were put under probation for 12 months. A boy of 15 was charged with a similar offence at Kingston yesterday. but was discharged for lack of evidence. It is stated that the windows of nearly every shop in London - road. Kingston, three - quarters of a mile long, have been scratched in curves, circles. - or squares. More window - scratching is reported from nulL Leicester, Ilfracombe. Grimsby, Ctinter - bury, Leamington, Beading, Jarrow, and Wallsend and Middlesbrough. UNITED GRAND LODGE FREEMASONS'. OF Ma. Jistick DarUno. at the Central Criminal Court yesterday, had lefom him two cnspji in wliich youths were alleged to ha - e " ' ... i l.i.mlra into) rifle dulis. in the t - econd cae - ok direct w u,e ".ny "n" atked iwlice - im.pector to convey the fol - nd not to the banks, which is unnUjWWage to U.e t!riminal ln - estigaUon Ipartmenti (Scotland lara: Will you say I think it a cieat danger, when such ia lotof people are going about shooting others fori one reason or anouier. inai it is APPOINTMENT OP OFFICERS. Lord Axftbiix, Pro Grand MaMer, presided at the grand festival of the United Grand Lodge of English Freemasons held last evening at. Freemasons' nail, W.C. when he was supported "by the Deputy Grand Master, Sir rredericls xiaisey. 'ihe mine oi uonnaught was proclaimed Grand Master for the 21st year in succession, and when 'announcing the other appointments Loan Akptbiu. said that servers! Indian appointments had wn made by tho Grand Master, which would be announced later. The following appointments were an nounced : fiuxn Eaxt. Lcrd Cats. Senior Warden: Inrrl RBsoaocas.: Jankr Warden: Cxnaa C. II. rVnrr and C. B. Itaoxmjkw. C1uuU1m: Oaionel Pidoer WnsAjcr. Treaninr : W. T. IUnn.). K.C, KesMrar : Kir T. W, CBrrrv. Depntr Reslxtrar: Kir Alfred Robkoch. Praddest Board tneral Purposes ; J. S. G. Cuiru, Director ofOmnanlea: Sir W. Krlaiyl Ansrss, IientesanMnml 8lr - llrrbrrt cox. rrank liABvrr. w. u. Kiauam, V. K. Yorra. and Perer Macbcc. Senior Drturm ; B. llambun Surnc. Jodra Kisvount, lank Missrc J. r.lbaoa maan. W. E. Obp. and Dr. W. IllLL. Junior Deacons : tanonlL A. Hiauw aad tbe BeT. J. A. Psutr, AsMaat ChapUlna ; IL 8. JIouus. K.'.. and (taionet C. Y. Hxurn. AwlcUot Keslxtran : A. Burnett Baowv. Suprrtateodent of Works: A. Bloomneld Jatxhov and II. M. Usnxica. AmbtanU fcaprrmteodeou Works: A. L. F. lK?s and LteutenanMolanel H. IUktltom. WDnuina, Deputy VAVnz Nr Frederick Dtbox, PLAGUE OF INSPECTORS, COUNTY COUNCILS' PROTEST. ' At tho annual meeting of the County Councils Association yesterday, at Middlesex Guildhall, Lo&n Galway, who presided, .said that some Government Departments seemed to think the millennium, would come u an inspector visited, every bodyfs house once a ek. County councils should put their foot down and muse to make these appointments. 8m Abtbxk W. Cbatmax, in a paper, con demned the system of ad - Aoc Parliamentary grants, - which entailed, inspection cy uovern - roent Departments. There were at the end of 19;0, including 30 officers employed by the Ministry of Transport at a salary oi i,ooo per annum each, no fewer - than 4o inspectors receiving in salaries alone. J367.660. not in eluding bonuses or travelling expenses.. These inspectors inspected the work of local authorities insnectors.: . Big fleas have little fleas upon their backs to bite em. Little fleas ha vd lesser fleas, and so ad infinitum. In place of ad hoe grants Sir Arthur proposed a return to the system of a block grant from the Exchequer in general relief of the rates. Sin W. Hodoso! (Cheshire) said there was a vested interest now in the multiplication of inspectors. They had become an exceedingly great army. A resolution was carried referring the ques tions raised to a committee. THE OUT - OF - WORK DOLE. lililGUTOS CHURCH MEU0RIAT Canon Pi - rce. vicar of Ur.ghton, wntes to att7itrn tp a " new departure in Church i - ! - r;.ri; " in tb parish. It is proioed, afUr wjtapMing the parish church, to erect atii attach to it a memorial hall in which win U - trthrined tbhams of tbe men and women - f Hrizhton. over 2,300, who fell nd which will serve as a G.I1.Q. for the Church ts UrigWo. Tbe second object is the erocUon hi . .rii.an Hiatrict on the north - vtem hHghts of the first part of the new ; "Wh of SU Wilfrid, which u 'to Uk t he j 4:a of a small iron mlding holding lple. For each of these objects 10.000 u m4nired. ami an appeal is ncuig mao" f - idenU and visitors to send donations to V tnraaurer. Canon Pierce, the .carage, UrijrMon. It U sought specisJly to enlut 1.0W crusaders who will pre ttO each - rwrf. - flv eav to get into, places miniature rifle clubs keep rifles; capable of killing anyone, and also hundreds of rounds of anTmuiiition.? I mean if they have time to spare, ifroni finding out who scratches windows.', F. W. BiKSor. II. EL Bamtos. E. K. F. Laxdek. C K de Borroiiucn. A. N. Soorr. C F. Bran," A. Barton Rest, K. W. K. Dixojc. R. IX Dirv. M. W. Ilsus. and II. O. COea. Aaditant D.tVi: Cblnnel F. M. RlcxAan. Sword Bearer : Captain U W. M. Plekdebixitb. IV put r hwnrd Bairr: IJeotenaotUnnel K..J. ts Maus and Captain R. V.tx. Aaitotaat Swcrd Becren : II. C Kiwam and J. K. tVriTVUM. standard Bearen : ii )L Bosimos. C'. T. lUnxr, K. Oarrt a. D. J. (JaAXT, K. 1L Hrvra. and W. K. Taicz. A4ftnt KUndard Bearen : II. W. I Tittes. OrtanHt : J. IL. CkrrcsLrr. rurntant :'. J. l - BOM. w. l. tJtow. jc i - . iixkca. ua il rAasoss, MR. JUSTICE DARLING'S - CRITICISM. At the Central Criminal Court, yesterday, Hbsrt Wiushix, 50, clerk, and Edward Henry Ciiukciier. 20. farm hand, were in dicted for breaking into the Wimbledon Park Kifle Club pavilion and stealing two nnes ami ammumuon. vtiismn " t sent, to a llorstal institution for tl years, and Churcher was bound over la come up for iudirment if called on. The prisoners were found A of ffuMii of snooting at. Albert Westerfleld, a parkkeeper, in IUchmond Park. It was stated that the prisoners, who bad been working as assistant gardeners, were re ceiving the ouwd - work dole. Mr. Jl - sttce Darum) observed that he would not say it was extraordinary, as it was quite in the ordinary conrse of things at the present day in this, country especially the way money raised in taxes had been spent - that each of the prisoners was in - receipt of unemployment pay. They were both 'well able to get work, but he supposed it was easier for people in public offices to pay out money rather than investigate whether the persons asking for it could get employment or nou xiiveryone &new now auncuib n was to get people to work in gardens, because persons had been taught for some time now that it was much more agreeable to have their time off and to receive a sum out oi the money contributed by the public'; and, when they got it, Xp waiic about, as tne prisoners did, spending part oi tneir time snoo ting in Jlidi mond Park and the rest of their time' in getting for nothing rifles and ammunition with which to exercise their sporting proclivities. A 'REPENTANT THIEF, FIUST KELVIN MEDAL AWARD, 2,781,600 OUT OF YTORK OR ON SHORT TIME. the the The records of the live registers of F...1,. - vtrdtiiM lhronenout country for April 22 indicate that there were ajvroijmateiy 1,774,400 persons unemployed, an increase over .the prerioos week of over 1.000. Thk k elusive of abortme clato - aiU, who numbered approximately 1,007,000.. CONSCIENCE MONEY. Tfca ChaneeBor of the Exchequer sveknow - h&St the receipt of tU The presentation of the first - award of the Kelvin Medal ill be made by Mr. Balfour in the Hall of the Institution off Civil Engi - run to Dr. William Cawthorne Unwin, P.KA, next; Wednesday, at 4 , p.m. The medal was founded in 19 14, principally by lirdish and American engineers. The award U made in; recognition of pre - eminence: in the branches of engineering with which Lord Kelvin s scicntlttc woric ana researcoes - were identified by a committee oi ine presidents of the representative British - engineering institutions, 1 after considering recommendation received from similar bodies in all parts of the world; . , i. Wliere I. il.nt Pmhmiti! V. (1 Vim TtW 1 - iiiothich - - Dr. o. Onrxarx. - yiut Otanlaln : J. Ausrrs - CUSTiciU. Pact Redstrar: B. JUrr Jomnos. Part Dtacna: . h. Tiowb. ItU standard Bearer; L. F. DvNSt.TT. !t Aritant Htandard Bearer. 1'ast Rase. Mr. Juatlee IUxeet. Warden; Canon A. II. lUrta. ChapUla: W. T. Bbaxd and 6r W. Ua - rom. Senior Desooni: J. H. (iMimo, W. If. Socnue. K. W. Donovax. and V. Ulmcmax, Junior Deacon ; tbe Ren. A. . Doxiinms and A. G. L. Boaarsos, AvbXaot Canllm: Sir IloveJI Wuim, Asitaat Becirttar: V. WVlacoBTOx, C. JTAinrnx. U. - .llActjiT, K. J. Rettolm. Or. It. Maaos, K. Riv J. O. Howrxu T. RosEaTA. E. J. MUamuu W. A. Rows. T. W. Hrnunna. J. - Aixzasdeb, daer Paok. snd u. 8. But Axnanrs, AnUUnt IX. CS.J O.T. Drroxraiar. H KLtitcairxne. A. IMKlisa. I . J. webb. J. u. amuT, j. rfoxx. ana J . Best. Standard Beams: A. T II. Amrrrr. W. Dlibr I AuUtant Standard Bearen ; T. H. Cauixusam aad X. II. IwUT. PnrsalTSnta. - CI. Boarax. C DtunnL Dlxbr OT73CS. and F.'A. Bbebxm, TICKERS AIRSHIP FOR JAPAN. S0 Th first - airship built for the Japanese Government was launched by Vlckcrt yesterday from their airship abed at Barrow. 8he k of the sea - scout class, carrying one gondola and a small crew. The ship made a satisfactory trial flight.' carrying several Japanese officers. She, - lhe only aireraa now on nana at tho JVi MOTEL CECIL'S COMING - OF - AGE The 21st anniversary of the opening of the Hotel Cecil will take place next Saturday. The building occupies the historic site of Salisbury Ilouse, which took its 'name from Sir Robert Cecil, Earl of Salisbury," Lord High Treasurer to James I. At Stratford Police Courtesterday, Pebct Autrkd Esaissn, 24, telephosust, was . sen tenced to a month s imprisonment wittf hard labour for stealing money, and articles from fellow - workers' lockers, and 7 belonging. to tho Postmaster - General. It was stated that the defendant - gave himself up to the police after sending a letter to his overseer, in which be declared that when attending a service at a Salvation Army citadel he. realized what he had done, and resolved to make amends at once. He signed himself " Your repentant servant. The defendant told the Magistrate , that he would repay those he had robbed .when he got work.; GARDEN COLLIERY ACCIDENT, A young collier" named Tneophllm Griffiths, who. was working in a coal thaft sunk in his father's garden, near Wrexhakt, yesterday, was caught by a falL For IS hotfcs a rescue party,, whrM u - orkr was watched lv larcn crowds. worked to eifect his relcascJt further falls IMPERIAL INSTITUTE GUIDE. On Mondays in May, 'June, and July, a member of . the staff of tbe Imperial Institute (Mr. O. S. Boulger, F.US.) will be prepared to conduct visitors through sections of the galleries . and explain tbo exhibits illustrating the resources of the Empire, starting from the west public entrance at 3 p.m. The countries 'dealt with in turn will' be Australia, Canada, South Africa, India, Ceylon, the West Indies, and Nigeria. Schools will be similarly conducted on Wednesdays and Fridays during these months, on previous application in writing to the Director of tbe Imperial Institute, South Kensington S.W.7. ' TELL - TALE BULK Joint Matthxws, 40, was sentenced to a month's imprisonment at the Tower Bridge Police Court yestrrday for stealing clothing from the Surrey Commercial Dock. A dock policeman said he stopped Matthews because he looked too bulky for a. man of his build," and found that - tbe man was .wearing: three i pairs of trousea, two, coats, ana xwo, waist - . coats.; ' 0PEXIXG Br THE LORD MAYOR. The hew place of sale for real estate in the City, provided through the Auctioneers and Estate Agents Institute, for the use of members of that body, was; opened - yesterday by the lord Mayor.. The premises are la Queen Vkioris - street, nearly opposite the office of The Timet, and were purchased at auction last summer. Extensive alterations, not yet completed, have been made in tho building, and a total expenditure of about 40,000 has been, already incurred. The new' mart is controlled by a separate company;, known as tbe London Auction Mart, Limited. The accommodation includes 1 1 sale rooms, one of which, on the top floor, will seat 300 persons. There' U a fast electric lift. The hall and other portions of the building are panelled in oak. It should be - mentioned that the secretary of the new mart to Mr. Henry C; Jeff eries, O.B.E., and that the activities of the Institute now embrace, besides the work 'of the headquarters of the 4,000 members, in Ruaseil - square, branch offices at Newcastle - upon - Tyne and Liverpool, and the College of. Estate Management in Lincoln's Inn. The Lord Mayor was received by Mr. J. Seairrmm Ricnardson (head of the firm of Debenham, Tewson, and . Chlnnocks), who is president or the Auctioneers ana relate Agents' Institute and chairman of the Mart Company. Among the directors present were Sir William II. Wells, Sir David Burnett, Mr. W. IT. Daw, Mr. A. C. Driver, Mr. C. B. Field, Mr. H. Mordaunt Rogers, Mr. J. E. Shephard, Mr. J. Crawford Plait. Mr. II. P. Stimson, Mr. A. W; Brackett, Mr. iP. A. Timbs, Mr. Charles Osenton, and Mr. Ft H. Rex. - The Lord Mayor: inspected the premises and declared them - open. He said It ws essential and important - that there should be a public mart in tbe City, and, though Its use for selling was restricted to members of the Auctioneers' and. Estate Agents . Institute, that merely constituted, in his opinion, one more argument for auctioneers to win the Frivileges of membership of that body, nspectios had satisfied him that the new premises were adequately equipped for the important work to be done in them. He hoped and believed the new mart would prove eminently successful. Preseictatiox to tub. Lord Mator. Mr. Skagrak Richardsok presided at a luncheon afterwards given in Apothecaries Hall. Among those present were Sir Edgar Harper. Mr. H. Duckland, SirAnker Simmons, snd Mr. Robert W. Emmet, Sir Shirley Murphy, Master of the Apothecaries': Society, Mr. - E. Ueild Shackle, Mr. E. II. Blake, C.B.EV secretary oi the Auctioneers' Institute, and Major Vivian B. Rogers, M.a The Lord Ma to 11 was presented with a Georgian silver cream ewer as a memento of tbe opening of the mart. He said be was glad to think, that dltl"gT'i'd r - ti. - iniT bad held office as Lord Mayor of London. Among them were the late Sir John Musgrove, snd Sir WhitUker Ellis, and their, friend, 8ir David - Burnett, whom they were glad to see there that day. Major Perct C Snacoxs (chairman of the London County Council) proposed the toast of the new mart, saying that concentration of auction work wasu desirable, though certain firms had opened independent private marts. Sin SHIBLET Mcbfht (Master of the Apothecaries Society) and SIR WtXXXAX WEX1S also spoke, and the latter presented Mr. Seagram Ricnardson with a gold cigarette case as a memento of the opening. Mr. RiCHaBDSQX mentioned that about 30,000 of the required capital had been already subscribed, but that it was hoped that every firm which found the mart a convenience would also take shares. NO "SPOON - FED" PBESjS. LORD BURNHAM ON NEWSPAPER GROUPS. ' Lord Bcrnhak, speaking at York) yesterday on 'Democracy and the Newspaper Press,' said that Lord Bryce, in "jModern Democracy,' referred to the dangers) of the Press. It was, however, the influence of public opinion which really determined the nature of the Government and made our liberties the realities they always had been. He controverted the argument that; the organization which required a large group of newspapers was a danger. It would be a great weakness il wo; did not strengthen the organisation to such an extent that all bodies of opinion would be able to obtain an expres sion ot opinion as highly perfected as possible. There never was as time in the history of our literature, added Lord Burnham. when the quality of the work in our newspaper Press, in the foreign ieorrespondence. in editorial aiucies, and in drsenpuve writing was so, high as it is to - day. It was; greatly to tne credit 01 ui tmtish i'ress that it never lived by subsidies and had been free from the corruption of party funds. It had always been under tne control; 01 public opinion. In the long run a newspaper would not live that bad been spoon - fed from outside. FACTORY INSPECTION. VACANCIES FOREMEN AND WOMEN. Several vacancies' for Junior Inspectors of Factories (men and women) under the 'Homo Office will be filled shortly at a salary of 200. rising by 15 a year to 350, and war bonus in addition. Tho appointments carry prospects of promotion to the higher grades. Candidates should send! in applications before May 21. Forms and particulars may be ob tained from the private secretary. Home Office. Whitehall, S.W.I. .Appointment is by; competitive examination among candidates nominated by the Home Secretary on the recommendation of a Selection Committee. In the case of men the age. limits are)23 to 30 years on August 1. 11921. with a possible extension up to.ja years in case oi men who have had 10 years experience in a factory op worxsnop, engineering wore, or other industrial undertaking. Preference will bo given to those who have served with Hal. Forces in the war, and also as a rule to those who have had a scientific education and have also had either practical experience in factories, engineering works, &c, or other useful experience. In the case of women ' the age limits 'are 25 to 40 years on August 1. - 1921. and applicants must have been. employed during the war or since lor at least 12 montns in a uovernment Department on responsiblo work of administration or inspection, concerned with conditions of labour. CARE OF THE BLIND. WELFARE COMMITTEE RECONSTITUTED.. In view of the passing; of the Blind Persons Act, 1920, the M miiter of Health has reconstituted' the Advisory! I Committee, on the Welfare of the Blind so as to afford representation to the local authorities under the Act and fb voluntary agencies for the blind,, and the following have ' been appointed members of the committee : Mr. G. H. Roberts. M.P; (chairman)., D, P. - M. Evans, LUD. (vice - chairman). Alderman F. Askew, Mr. A. M.; Bernard, Miss Winifred BramhalL Sir Coles Child. Mr. H. Diver. Jlr. James Graham, Mr. Councillor J. A. Hut, Sir William Hodgson, Mr. T. Holt, Mr. A. L. Lowe, Mr. G. F. Mowatt, JJ Mr. H. J. Munro, J.P Sir Arthur Pearson, Mrs. Wilton Phlpps, J.P. the Rev. P. 8. G. Propert,;Mr. R. Richardson. MJ and Mr. W. If. Tate, Jj. The committee will advise the Minister on matters relating to the care snd supervision of tho blind. Mr. F. 31. Chapman, of the Ministry ot Health, will act as secretary. FREE CHURCH PULPITS The following1 changes In Free Church pulpits are announced, in .the Ckrisiian rend : In the Congregational ' churches the Rgv. WOXXAJC Abmott has intimated his resignation of the pastorate at Dennistoun, Glasgow, which, he. has held since 1878 ; and the Kev. Jobx MATTinws, minister for to years of Fabian's Bay Church, Swansea, has retired from the pastorate. In the Baptist churches Mr. R. J. - Rim. THWATTE, of Bristol College, has accepted the Pastorate of Indon - road Church, 8toke - on - XiONDON IN 1071. DEAN INGE'S VISION. What Xondoa urill bo like 50 years hence formed the subject of discussion, at the annual dinner of the London Society, held last night at the Boyal Adelaide Gallery (Gatti's), Strand. Lieutenant - Colonel Sir William Wayland. who pre - , sided, said that the; Society was out, for the betterment, of London and to make it more beautifuL The Dkajt ot St. PACt's. in introducing tbe subject of discussion. - said he still thought that we had missed a great opportunity. Instead of putting up hideous war memorials we should have - commemorated our .successes by destroying a few of the memorials that existed.. We might well have celebrated the Armistice by pulling down Charing Cross bridge, snd the signing of Peace by the blowing up of the' Albert Memorial. It had been predicted that the populaUon of London In 1971 would be 12 millions. - but be neither thought nor hoped that it would be anything like that number; With the inevitable decay, of our foreign trade it would be extremely difficult to support our present population, and 50 years hence London would probably be a good deal smaller than it was now a matter that he would not at all regret. It was more likely that London would look very much like what it did now, only a good 'deal more out - at - elbows. . Our extraordinary conservatism in house construction was a remarkable phenomenon, and it was strange that human ingenuity had not been turned to tbe improvement of .our namtatrons. lie did not see wny tney should not be made of material which would enablo us to pack them up and take them away. Our public buildings should be more solid' and, permanent, but the habitations on private citizens' should be cheap and portable. He hoped there would be' no skyscrapers. We might look forward to more speedy transport which would render it possible to put up a ring . . . . r . 1 - v,. 01 garaen ciues rouna ine jaecropous. . jus ideal of a town would be where every bouse had. a small garden. Money was not likely to be very abundant in the next 20 years, and it would be as well that we should curb our enthusiasm. He was afraid that he was hving up to his reputation (laughter but, personally, he could not feel very opti - inmiii awu our miurr, aou ne uw now inina that any sensible person could. Mr. Hakolo Cox opened the discussion which followed. STRUGGLE FOB BEVOLVEB. . . BOOKMAKER ACQUITTED. At the Central Criminal Court, yesterday, before Mr. - Justice Darling.' A T.rwro Souoxox, 27, bookmaker, was found Xot Guilty of unlawfully wounding William Kimber, and discharged. Mr. Eustace Fvurax, for the prosecution, said that an altercation took place between the defendant'and Kimber at a bouse in King's - Cross where a number of racing men were drinking. A revolver was discharged and the bullet wounded Kimber.' On tne following day tbe defendant gave himself up to the police. Kimber, he said, was the head ot the " Birmingham Gang ot Terrors. He was holding a revolver and was very quarrelsome, and the defendant " knocked the revolver from his hand and picked it up. There was a struggle, in the course of which it went off. - Ms. Jcsticb Dasleio stopped the casei pointing out that there was no evidence against the defendant.. NEWS IN ADVERTISEMENTS The following items are taken from the advertisement columns in to - day's issue' of The Time, where details will be found:. Assistant civil; engineers are required by the Government of - Nigeria for railway capital works, "(commencing salary 600 a year). (P. 3) An advowroo, near a fashionable watering - place is for sale. (p."2) A complete coal briquette plant is for" sale for 2,750, (p. 1) A sportsman is wanted to join the first of a series, of film, exploring, and shooting expeditions in Central Africa, and to taie'trp 3.000 - i,000 Preference shares, (p. 1 Maxstoke Castle; Warwickshire, built in the lath century, is to be let, furnished, for 8 a week. (p. 11 News in If; Monmoutli bbrough - jatrs baye been wdBced by 2s. 8d. in' the pound. . A rain ani - liaUiuadJ Iightninx at Reading last ereniar caaseu Tbe tdephone - number of Ji d mentis now Purley 1180. and not PurierM and Purley - - .,.' Mrs, E. M - MaU0as.JrieerlsJ Mathias, shipowner, Cardiff, died at AberysV - wyth yesterday! - The death lias occurred at Joseph Cannon, sged - 67. a RoyaTgats - aeepeV who fougbWat MaiwandV The Tobacco Fair at. tbe. Royal Pertfeol - tnral nail. Westmmster. ,is to be opened as noon on Saturday by Sir - Ross Smith. The Wood Green Salvation Array be, under the leadership; ot Staff Cantata Brain - well Taylor, is to make a tour in Jforway. The Rev. George Gibson, late ,Bertor Little Berkhamstead. and for 1 ye"1 Chaplain at Dieppe, has died at Falaoetlito his 90th year. On our front page is .aancesd tae marriage to Mr. H. J. van Druten. ef Hxmp - stead. of. Margot. only daogiter ot the Ue Paul CmquevallL Dr. Tom Jays, vice - prindpal of LlviBoae College, has been appointed principal ia sac - ceasiou to Dr. Loftus K. Wigram, who lias js - signed on grounds of health. Three eises' of slrsieTmess (F LeUoreica) "were noUfled from, London boroughs - during the week ended April 19, two in. South wark and one ia Fulham. Owing to. a dispute with the JUnlstrr of Pensions in renrd to. the administration .ot ! Bellabouston Hospital, nearly all' the; mem bers of the Glasgow war Pension wmmwrs have resigned.. A two - seater motor - car and tiro motor bicycles were stolen during Tuesday night from Mr. Harold Gladwm'srgsjags st.Malmesbury, but yesterday one of - tho eyelet was found a mile away, at Mflboume. At - the annual meeting ot the Boyat NaUooal Ufe - boat Institution to - day the crew ot the Fishguard lite - boat will be presented by the Prince ot Wales with medals for rescuing the three - masted Dutch - schooner Hermina on December J, 1920. and will afterwards go to the performance at the Coliseum. At the Naval and Military Hotel, narrlng - ton - road. South Kensington, yesterday, a lire; ot "doubtful origin6cnrre4 ia some rubbish en a disused staircase, On Monday nk. a settee was burnt in the public sitting rodhv The " Italia" bed the ninth bed endowed at a general hospital oat ot the proceeds ot tbe sale ot tinfoil collected by the Tin foil Collection Fund ot the. - Ancient Order ot - Druids, was dedicated at the Middlesex Hospital yesterday afternoon. 'A bronxe memorial tablet toy the afee members of, the London office Staff ot the Guaranty Trust Company, ot Nesr Yoti. woo fell in the war. was unveiled at 32. . Lombard - street, City, last "evening - by' Lieutenaat - General Sif Alexander Godley, It is stated that owing to frost ratiefrof the Herefordshire currant crop U ruined, same varieties ot plums are a complete tailure, ana pears and cherries have been seriously damaged. Apples are unaffected, and raspberries and' strawberries promise wett. A Royal Navy Club dinner will be held;at the Hotel Victoria on May 12. at 70 SO, ( Id commemorate Sir George Rooke's - action .to the bay ot La Hogue (May 22, 1M2), Admiral Sir Reginald Tupper will preside, and - toe guest 61 the evemng will be - Lord French. w Firiy - flve prevkras convictions, three 'of which were for felony, snd the' remainder for drunkenness and disorderly conduct, were proved against Lily Crawley, 27, who was sentenced at the London Sessions yesterday to 12 months imprisonment, with hard labour, for stealing a hat. The' president of the British Merchant Service League. Engineer Eieutenant - Conrmaoder R. A. Steen, - states that the League was not represented at .the meeting, ot the National Maritime Board at the Hotel Cecil en April 22, and does not concur with the societies wbo were there in their agreeing to a redaction of wages. Sir George Perley will preside at MA T7th. annual festival of the Shaitesbury Society and Ragged School Union - in the Queen's H all,, at 7 p - nu. next. Monday. vLady Perley wiH receive purses on behalf of the Society's new home for delicate children "at Farxstone, and win distribute faithful service awards and tha ySir John. Kirk Prise ' to vciuntary helpers. A ll . Br Aibmiamtrd il T.M II 1 ...... .. IU, K1 J By Appointment Fine ROYAL SWANS FOR CANADA. The King has Presented ix mnl Mrv G. Coraan. of Toronto. Thv - tn dispatched under the ehim nf iu rwu. Expss Company by Ue impress of Britain, sailing from Liverpool on Saturday, and? on 1 arrival hiToroato wlUbe plaeed in the wiaucai uaroens. Each pair ol: swans - w W Yi w Yi Yi Yi Harrods offer a most attractive selection of Jewellery in new and chaste designs. Specimens gladly sent on approval to any address in Britain. F. LEG A XT 1X0 (KJ91). Peart and diaaiaods la platinum KtUns.. 24 EFFECTIVK BI5G CK. 3Sr3i,. Afl dUmowii. ia putlasm aettiaz. 38 PK.VDA.NT xecklet (J. 2n21).Diamof)ds set ra platianm. Deantlfol da.rn. 225 BOW BKOOCTT (11.207 DUmonds In plaU - vura wU tint. Very dainty. 46.10 TBETTY BSOOCH (A. 3U42) - Is ahapi pf bow. Diamonds Is pteu - BBm art tint 40 PWTlXUSr WKtST. WATCH (Wi'4S). art with sapphire and tflanwcdi. jpiadinff platinum bracelet - - . - . . 160 ItXPAXDIXO B BACK LET (J. tOtltX of whltaCC7 IrcLCold. WitheianxaartrUpTOa v 57 PLAT15CX rWST - VATtH rw J52i),rt vnh ua aux caaa - Onyx and (jlamondi. HARRODS LTD V. Yi Yi n w Yi Yi Yi Yi Yi 0 rv Yi Yi ii fi Yi Yi Yi w Yi Yi ' ' .Jli a - s. - s." - " La

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