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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI TOL. XLIX—NO. 14 Btytnevllle Courier Blytheville Daily Newi Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, APRIL 6, 1953 TWELVE PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Year's Biggest A-Test Rocks Las Vegas Area Mice and Monkeys Tested In First Daylight Explosion LAS VEGAS, Nev. (AE) — The fourth — and biggest — of this year's gtomic blasts went off in the desert northwest of here today. Seven minutes later, its sound wave hil Las Vegas with a resounding crack. It was one of the sharpest jolts* since the early days of nuclear experimenting, when shock waves still had enough force, after racing 15 miles, to break a few windows here. Today's explosion was designed to test, among other things, radiation effect on mice and monkeys. The familiar white cloud boiled up quickly, and was visible here despite a ground haze, within three minutes. Its height led seasoned observers to believe that today's device — as the Atomic Energy Commission calls the weapons it tests—was dropped from a plane. Previous blasts this season have been set off from 300-foot steel towers, and have been barely felt this far away. First In Daylight Today's, first of the spring series triggered in daylight, went off at T.30 a. m. (9:30 a. m., CST). Observers noted many planes in the air before the flash. The Air Force has said it might have as many as 74 craft aloft at one time. The shock wave — with more strength than noted here yet this spring—was felt-clearly at 7:37 a. m. As usual, the Atomic Energy Commission wouldn't discuss the type of weapon it is testing, but it did disclose plans for carrying animals through the atomic cloud by plane. Mice and monkeys have been used in preceding blasts this year, but how they withstood radiation on the ground has not been made public. Planes Pilotlcss Today, the AEC said, two pilot- less AQ-80 jet drones, each carrying 60 mice and two monkeys for bio-medical research, were to fly .through the cloud, guided by r"adar. A ground station was set up to steer them through the cloud, with two DT-33 mother planes guiding them to the shot site and landing them afterwards. In case they should go out of control, two P- 86 Sabre jet lighters were in the air to shoot, them down. Another text of automobiles—donated to the federal Civil Defense Administration by dealers and manufacturers throughout the country—also was scheduled today. Inside Today's Courier News . . . Major league's injury list grows ... Are Reds really the most improved club? . . . Sports . . Page 6. . . . . . We're giving away our atom secrets . . . First of a series. . . Page 2. . . . . . Society news . . . Page 4. . . . . . Markets . . . Page 12. . . ...Scenes at the Country Club Easter egg hunt...Page 5. Tommey Elected To AEA Board She Jury Picked to Hear Fatal Shooting Case Mississippi County Circuit Court be<pn the murder trial of Mrs. Mildred Sehppard today, with the entire morning session devoted to choosing a jury. About two hours were consumi in questioning of jurors before a! panel of 12 men were selected. j Immediately following the selection, the court recessed until 1:30 this afternoon, when testimony in the first degree murder trial is scheduled to be heard Mrs. Sheppard, who is charged with the October slaying of her husband in a North Sixth Street cafe here, entered a plea of not guilty to the charge last week. BHS Principal Named by State Education Group W. D. Tommey. principal of Blytheville High School, was elected to the board of directors of the Arkansas Education Association from this district at a meeting of the organization in Little Rock last week. Elected president was A. L. Whitten, Marianna superintendent of schools, who will take office July 1. Whitten. who succeeds M. H. Russell of Lake Village, defeated R, H. !ole of Magnolia in a statewide AEA election Amy Jean Greene of Arkadelphia was named vice president and Hattie Ann Kelso. North Little Rock, recording secretary of the.. AEA, which has a membership of some 10.000 teachers and school officials. New board members at large are Dolphus Whitten of Arkadelphia, R. B. Chitwood of Danville and G. P. Castleberry of Newport. Board members by districts include: 1. Charles R. Teeter of Star City; 2. Horace Williamson of El Dorado; 3. W. W. Locke .of Texarkana; 4. Cecil Suffield of Nashville; 5. Ruth Big-Heartedness Of America Wins Adenauer Praise Wesf Germany's Chancellor in U.S. For Talk with Ike NEW YORK IK— West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer declared on his arrival here today that America's big-heartedness has given Germany a new conception of national standards of conduct. The 77-year-old Adenauer came here aboard the liner United States for a round of important conferences with President Eisenhower and other government officials. The talks may cenler on the Soviet "peace" drive's impact on European unity. Expressing gratitude for America's "help and kindness" to Germany, he said; "Very rarely in past history has a victorious people stretched out a helpful hand towards the vanquished, as you have done." This sympathy and generosity, he said, "has raised the spirit of the German people and has given it confidence again. "What seems especially important to me, this has convinced the ierman people that in the life,'of nations! force and egotism are not the only'motive powers." "Recorded In Gnld" Adenauer said that America's recognition of the obligations imposed by its power and wealth, would be "recorded with golden etters" in the "history of our time, which contains so many dark pages." The chancellor's remarks were read from a prepared statement. Asked what effects he thought the Soviet union's "peace" drive might mean to his country and to others of the Atlantic Defence,: lommuiiity, he stuii: L - > * / ~"On my return from Washington See ADENAUER on Page 14 dcnauer praises America's big-heartedness. Rain Spoils Easter for Most of State By The Associated Press Buckets of rain spoiled what was to have been a warm, sunny Easter in Arkansas yesterday. Sunrise services were held in most Arkansas communities, but a disappointingly small crowd attend ed mountaintop ceremonies at Hot Springs. And by 11 a.m., when the regular church services began, a high pressure area had moved into Arkansas causing a general rain • which drenched the state. Several Arkansas points reported two inches of rain or better with the southwest sector of the state receiving the heaviest rainfall. Bougthon reported 2.77 inches for the 24-hour period ending at 7 a.m. today the U. S. Weather Bureau at Little Rock said. In Blytheville a total of .57 of an inch rainfall was recorded. The Weather Bureau said the showers would end early today and that cloudy to partly cloudy weather was forecast for the remainder of the day and tomorrow. No important changes in temperature were forecast. At Ft. Smith, the First Lutheran Church was damaged by lightning during a severe electrical storm about 7:40 yesterday morriinc; and Within five, minutes another boll hau struck MI oAlce buildup •iMU south section of the city. No one was injured. UN Command Outlines 9-Point Program for POW Exchange Reds Blast Secretariat Official in Doctors Plot By EDDY GILMORE MOSCOW (AP) — Pravda assailed an official of the powerful Communist party secretariat today for being duped by false evidence in the murder case against 15 Soviet doctors. The newspaper disclosed also that one of his former obscure assistants was under arrest as the culprit who actually did the faking. The government announced Saturday that all of the doctors, accused last January of murdering two Soviet leaders and plotting against others, had been exonerated and released. The Communist party newspaper blasted Semyon D. Ignatiev, former minister of state security, as being guilty of "political blindness and gullibility" in the case. Igmi- :iev was elevated March 21 on the five-man secretariat of the Communist party's powerful Central Committee. The deputy minister of state security placed under arrest was identified as one ityumin "who directly led the investigation." Unknown to West (This was the first time the Western worjd had known Igna- iev was for a time security min- ster. With such a ranking leader under attack indications were a lurge might be stirring within the Kremlin itself. The slate security Ministry has since been absorbed nto the new interior ministry of Lavrenty P. Beria.) Pravda also denounced a com mission of medical experts in the case lor making incorrect conelu sions in the case. The newspaper charged the experts with supporting "slanderous and falsified accusations" against a number prominent medical personalities. I added, however, that the investigation hul from the experts some "essential aspects of the treatment" involved. Pravda cited the Saturday com- munique of the ministry of internal affairs, which said the documentary data on which the investigation had been made under Ignatiev's direction proved to be groundless. Others Named Named with Ignntiev to the secretariat of the central committee of the Communist party a little more than three weeks ago were Nikita S. Khrushchev, Mikhail Sus- lov. Peter Pospelov and Nikolai Shatalin. Ignatiev was last on the list. Resumption of diplomatic rela- Sce DOCTORS on Page 14 Dulles Opposes Limit On Treaty Powers WASHINGTON (AP) — Secretary of State Dulles today opposed )sals in Congress to limit the treaty making powers, but said they hould not be used to effect internal social changes. He announced the terson of Pine Bluff; 9. R. E. Baker j Eisenhower administration will not sign two United Nations-sponsored of Fountain Lake; 8. Jerry L. Pat- of Pulnski County and Mrs. Paul j agreements Mosley of North Little Rock; 11.' Wayne White of Siloam Springs; 12. R. L. Smith of Harrison; 13. Thelma Pickens of Batesville; 14. W. E. Orr of Searcy; 15. Ralph Haizlip of Paragould; 16. Revis Casper of Powhatan; 17. Mr. Tommey; 18. James C. Perry. Holly Grove. Doctors Plot' Prelude To New Doublecross? By WILLIAM L. RYAN _- : AP Foreign News Analyst .:; SKflMf'tiizaying about-face of the Soviet hierarchy hi the "doaturs' plot" may be the prelude to another of the fantastic double-crosses that stud the history of the Soviet Union. It raises the suggestion that the whole in credible story was one phase of the Kremlin struggle for power, and that it took place before — not after — the death of Joseph Stalin. ° 4 Cars Damaged if?d j •* In Two Wrecks Four cars were damaged in two accidents in Blytheville over the weekend. Vehicles of Myrtle Tate of Burdette and Ernest Johnson, 213 South 20th Street, collided at Chickasawba and Division yesterday, Officers Bert Ross and J. R. Gunter reported. Mrs. Tate was tarveljng north on Division Street and Mr. .Johnson was going west on Chickasawba. A collision at Hearn and 13th Streets Saturday involved F. A. Carney of 519 North 13th Street, der condition, has canceled, his! traveling south on 13th. and Chris Attlee Faces Operation , LONDON (>Pi—Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, ill with a gall hlad- Supreme Court Affirms Ruling In Mayor Case scheduled departure todayto Southern Europe and the Balkans and is expected to undergo an operation within the next three or four days. Werbelow of Shawona, Wis., movini west on Hearn. Officer Ross reported both vehicles received fender damages. Former Missco Negro Nabbed At Luxora for Hayti Slaying A former Luxora Negro now of Hayti, Ellga Lee, 57, was arrested at Luxora Saturday night by Mississippi County peace officers In connection with the fatal shooting of Clinton Tickett, Negro, of Hayti, Saturday morning. + Tickett died of bullet wounds in the stomach at Veterans Hospital in Poplar Bluff shortly after the shooting. Following the incident, Missouri officers informed Mississippi County oflcials that Lee may have returned to his former home in Luxora. Deputy Sheriffs Charlie Short Senate Probers In West Germany BONN, Germany W)— Two officials of the Senate Investigating committee headed by Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) started a survey of American information and psychological warfare programs in West Germany today. Roy Cohn, chief counsel of the committee, said that he and David Schine, the committee's chief consultant, plan to spend several days "digging Into certain things here." Cohn told a reporter that the German survey is being made In connection with the committee's overall Investigation of America's slobal Information and psychological war- tut program. and Cliff Cannon, and Blytheville Officer Herman Lane, arrested Lee In Luxora about 11:15 p.m. Saturday. He was picked up here by Missouri officers early Sunday morn- Ing. Chief Deputy Sheriff Earl Cum- mlngs of Caruthersvllle said this morning that Lee had admitted shooting Tickett with a pistol. He has been charged with second decree murder nnd bond has been tt $5,000. LITTLE ROCK (/Pt—A divided Arkansas Supreme Court today ruled Powell M. Rhea is the rightful mayor of Fayetteville. The Court rejected the contention of former Washington County Sheriff Arthur Bi Davidson that he and. not Rhea was legally elected on.Nov. 6, 1951. A group of voters wrote in Davidson's name against Rhea, then seeking a second term as the Democratic nominee. Rhea's name was the only one on the ballot. He had continued to hold the mayor's office under a ruling of the Washington Circuit Court, which the Supreme Court today upheld. The Supreme Court made its decision on the grounds that write- in votes were prohibited in municipal elections in cities of the first class by Act 105 of 1935. Taylor Serves As Special Supreme Court Justice Serving as a special associate justice of the Arkansas Supreme Court, Jesse Taylor, Blytheville attorney, today handed down an opinion that the Workmen's Compensation Confmlsslon was correct in disallowing a Phillips County man added compensation from Chicago Mill and Lumber Co. Mr. Taylor was appointed to serve as special associate justice as Chief Justice Griffin Smith did not participate due to an Interest In the case. The, ruling reversed Phillips County, Circuit Court which had overruled the Compensation Commission. The plaintiff. Willie Pulcher, was injured Nov. 20, 1947, while employed by the company. Nearly two years later It was necessary to amputate his right leg but doctors-testified that the amputation did not result from the old Injury., The company paid medical expenses for him through May 6, 1949, p.;xl then stopped payments. The suit followed. t Dulles made his argument to a Senate Judiciary subcommittee which had just heard Clarence Manion, former dean of Notre Dame college of law, contend that Dulles himself had argued only a year ago that unrestricted treaty powers could cut across the constitutional rights of the people. Dulles told the subcommittee the administration would refrain from signing the U. N. covenant on human rights and the U. N covenant on political rights of women. Will Consult Senate Further, he said, the administration intends to consult the Senate more closely on compacts with other nations. He said that congressional leaders will be consulted when there is any serious question as to whether an executive agreement should be submitted to Congress. Dulles contended that the proposed restrictions on treaty powers "could be dangerous to our peace and security." The proposals, he j said, "would subject the current, i day-by-day, conduct of foreign af- I fairs to impediments which might \ stiffling." The subcommittee plans to conj elude its hearings this week after , taking the testimony of administration spokesmen. Atty. Gen. Browne!! is to testify tomorrow, a Defense Department representative the next day, and Mutual Security Director Harold E. Stassen on Thursday. Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Tuesday. No important temperature changes MISSOURI — Mostly cloudy tonight and Tuesday; with showers or thunderstorms west Tuesday and over the state Tuesday night; fn- creasing southeasterly winds Tuesday; warmer northwest and extreme north tonight; and over south and east Tuesday; low tonight 35-40 north and lo middle 40s south; high Tuesday 60s north to 60 south. Minimi] myosterdfty—42. Minimum this mornlnK—18. Maximum yesterday—63, Htmrlfie tomorrow—5:39. Sunset today—fl:25. - Preclp. -18 hours to 7 a.m. 37 Preclp. since Jan. 1—17.41. Mr.'tn temperature (midway between hl«h and low!— 51. Normnl mean for Aprll~6l, Normal mefln for April—61. This Dale Last Year Minimum llil-i mornlnT— 28. Frcclp. Jan. 1 to flau— 18.U. Semyon D. Ignatiev, now revealed as the former minister of state security, has been pictured as a protege of Premier Georgi Maleknov—but the turn of events suggests one more in a scries of victories for Mn!ek:-ov. Ignatiev and his deputy Ryumln—ihe latter is under arrest—seem to be fall guys. Who is double-crossing whom? Possibly secret police Czar Lavrenty P. Beria is gelling the run- nround. There are suspicious phrases in the communique, published by Pha'vda, announcing that criminal eleents in the former ministry of state security were respoy- sible for trumping up a plot. The dramatic turn of events suggests that the cautious tactics of Malen- kov prevailed. Key words and phrases couched in Communist jargon, which often betrays its meaning, point to Ihe likelihood that somebody was over- Red Cross Drive In Luxora Lags; To Be Extended LUXORA—This community's annual Red Cross drive Is lagging far behind that of a year ago, it was reported today by Mayor Moses Sliman, Ideal chairman. Mayor SHman. in an appeal for contributions, said last year's total was $646.72 and thus far this year only $350 has been donated. "The drive will continue until all our citizens have had an oportuni- ty to support this worthwhile organization," Mr. Sliman said. ruled swiftly In the case of the doctors. The term "advenlirism" is used. This In C o m m u n I s t language means undertaking a step without sulficlent preparation or without assurance in advance nf its success. II is almost a synonym for failure. The hapless Ryumln may have been jailed even before Stalin died. It takes time in Soviet police procedure to extract the desired confessions from scapegoats. The suspicion (hat it happened long ago lies in .the strange course of the doctors' plot story since it broke on the World Jan. 13. Ceveral Jews On that day the Moscow press was full of the plot. Violent anti- Zionism erupted with the statement that several of nine arrested doctors were Jews, that they killed Soviet leaders Andrei Zhdanov and Alexander Scherbankov, that they were In the pay of Zionists and Americans abroad. Somebody with a great deal of power pulled the rug out from under the campaign. Next day the Moscow radio and press dropped It. Then the press launched another intensive campaign before Stalin's death. This was against "the enemy within." against spies and saboteurs and against "gullibility" of .Soviet citizens. Vigilance and unity with the Communist party became watchwords. Now a communique is issued by the ministry of internal affairs, which In the post-Stalin reorganization combined Ihe MVD (internal affairs) and MOB (state security) ministries under Beria. In effect Beria is required to criticize him- Sce PLOT on Page 14 Reds Get Plan Calling 500-a-Day Swap For By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN, Korea (AP) — United Nations liaison officers today handed the Reds a nine-point program designed to start the exchange of sick and wounded' prisoners of the Korean War seven days after agreement on procedure is reached. The exchange would be at the rate of 500 a day. The V. N. group, headed by Rear Adm. John C. Daniel, presented the U. N. proposal at a 45-minute meeting at Panmunjon of liaison groups assigned to arrange the exchange of sick and wounded. The Reds made no reply. Other provisions called for captured personnel to be exchangee at Panmunjom in groups of 25 each, registered by nationality, name, rank and serial number. The U. N. promised to deliver 600 captured personnel daily until the exchange is completed. The U. N. also proposed that a termination date be specified the exchange agreement. Rail and highway convoys carrying the prisoners to Panmun- jom would be guaranteed freedom from air attacks. "Distinct Progress Made" U. N. liaison officers reported "distinct progress" with "very ob jective" Red officers. A smoothly accomplished trade could pave Ihe way for an armistice in Korea. The U. N. also asked the Reds for the number of Allied prisoners Ihey are willing to return. The Reds said they would supply the number but they took no action immediately on Ihe U. N. nine- point plan. The officers will meet at Pun- nunjom again tomorrow at 11 a.m. (10 p.m. Monday EST). Rear Adm. John C. Daniel, chief U. N. liaison officer, said of today's meeting: "The attitude of the Communists was very objective. I'd say distinct progress was made In that we met and exchanged views. I feel that t: have -made progress." But the Reels raised two points that were not fully explained. North Korean Maj. Gen, Lee Sang Cho said that before the Reds supplied the number of Allied POWs to be returned both sides must establish the category of prisoners who may be exchanged jefore an armistice." U. N. officers said he aid not explain what ic meant. The Reds also indicated they may want some prisoners returned o their homeland and some sent ,o neutral countries. There was no elaboration on that. The Allies have assumed that all disabled prisoners would be sent )ack to their own countries as a natter of course — providing the irisoners themselves wanted it hat way. Points Listed While Daniel said distinct prog- •ess was made he would not say he talks were off to a good start. "Our attitude," he said, "is to ake the Communists in good faith, nd this liaison group will continue o do that until.we have reason to he contrary, and so far no reason las arisen/' In brief, the nine points he pro- iosed govern an exchange: 1. Repatriation of sick and wounded captured personnel of toth sides at Panmunjom. 2. The exchange would begin vithin seven days after the pro- cedure is agreed upon. 3. The U. N. would deliver 50 captured personnel daily at Pan- munjom until the exchange is completed. 4. The captured personnel to he exchanged would be divided into groups of 25 each, registered by nationality, name, rank and serial number. 5. A representative of the receiving side would sign a receipt for each group accepted. 6. Motor and rail convoys would Sec REDS GET on Page H Marines Clash With Chinese Near Talk Site Bloody Skirmish Erupts Half-Mile From Panmunjom by WILLIAM C. BARNARD SEOUL Utl— U. S. Marines slugi. ged It out with 175 Chinese Reds today just cast of Panmunjom, where United Nations and Allied liaison officers opened talks on an exchange of sick and wounded prisoners of war. The bloody skiynish erupted a scant half-mile from the neutral corridor—the route which Allied armistice officers took to Panmun- Johi a few hours" later. " The Marine patrol which encountered the Red company called immediately for Marine tank, rocket and artillery fire. The blazing V/ 2 hour battle left 19 Chinese counted dead, 16 estimated killed and 28 estimated wounded. The Reds pulled back after fresh Marines rushed forward to join the original patrol. Fiery patrol actions flared elsewhere on the Western and Central Fronts. Air Force Grounded Bad weather grounded most Fifth Air Force warpianes, but some swept through overcast skies and blasted Red positions. On the Western Front, Allied soldiers threw back 40 Chinese Reds who attacked a U. N. outpost east of T-Bone Hill. The Alies killed an estimated 19 Reds. On the Eastern Front Sunday night, counterattacking troops of :he 3rd Republic of Korea Division 'ailed to recapute an outpost east of the Pukhan River which the Reds had captured Saturday night. The ROKs were forced to fall back after a thundering, four-hour battle. In aerial action Sunday night, 14 Okinawa-based B29 Superforts dumped 140 tons of bombs on two Red supply areas, one '18 miles southeast of Pyongyang, North Korean capital, and the other 10 miles north of Sariwon on the Korean west coast. Hospital Train Unit Readied For Sick and Wounded POWs Suicide Note, Clothes on River Bank Point to Death of Blytheville Girl OSCEOLA — A suicide note and clothes found on the bank of the Mississippi River near here apparently added up to death for Earlene Tetter of Osceola, whose 19th birthday is tomorrow. Miss Tetter, who recently came here from Blytheville, Is the daughter of Cisco Tetter of Chickasawba Courts, Blytheville. Missing since Saturday even- Ing, the girl Is thought to have taken her life by jumping Into the river. Deputy Sheriff Cliff Cannon said today that Miss Teller was last seen between 5 nnd 6 p.m. Saturday, walking cast toward the river on Semrnos Street here after having got out of a taxi at the bus station. A coat, n pair of shoes and a. pair of socks, Identified as belonging to Miss Tetter were, found by a coltonwood tree on the river bnnk at Jacksonville :. 'stcrday morning by Wilbur Wiseman, who has a boat dock there, Deputy Cannon said. Investigation has revealed a note that Miss Tetter had given the taxi driver Saturday,to be delivered to an Osceola man with whom she had been going, he said. According to Deputy Cannon the note, signed by Miss Tetter, professed her love for the man, stated that she could not live without him, and that she was going to the river and jump in. The coat and shoes have been Identified by her roommate, Earlene Slroude, :)S those Miss Tetter was wearing SitUirday. Miss Tetter's father u!wj identified the coat as hers, Deputy Cannon said. He said he had talked to about 100 persons who knew or had been associated with the Rirl and none of them had seen or heard of her since Saturday afternoon. Inclement weather 1ms prevented efforts to flint! (he river for the body, Deputy Cannon said. By STAN CARTER PUSAN, Korea I/PI—A U. S. Army hospital train unit is prepared to transport sick and wounded Communist prisoners of war northward on two hours notice, a reliable source said today. All thal's needed Is an agreement at Panmunjom on the exchange of disabled POWs. The 8138th hospital train unit here were ordered Sunday to keep a train ready to roll on two hours notice. Five additional trains are standing by. LSTS (landing ship, tank) in the harbor of this Southeast Korea port are awaiting orders to bring the patients here from the United Nations prisoner of war camps at Koje and Cheju islands off Ihe tip of South Korea. Other Red prisoners are in a hospital near Ptisan. Thirty additional men were added to the hospital train unit In the past four days. Another 84 men were added to the .guard unit at the nearby POW hospital. Secrecy Ordered Col. Richard Boercm, Ontario, Cnll/., deputy commander of the Allied prisoner of war command, said a message ordering that details of the plan be kept secret was received from the headquarters of Qcn. Mark Clark, U. N. Far East commander, in Tokyo. He snM the order specifically prohibited the POW command from disclosing the number of Communist sick and wounded prisoners held by the Allies. Boerem said disabled North Korean and Chinese prisoners who have expressed a desire to return to their homelands are hospitalized near here and oh Koje Island. A third hospital, at Mosulpo on Cheju Island, cares only for Chinese who say they don't want to go home. Boerem said there was one quadruple amputee among the prisoners who want to be repatirated, but he didn't say whether prisoner was Chinese or North Korean, or where he was confined. The officer said the amputee hai not been fitted with artificial limbs. Other prisoners feed him. Col. Clifford A. Best, Manning, la., chief surgeon of the POW command, said many of the Red prisoners refused medical care, although some finally gave In after repeated urging from U. N. doctors. Prisoners whose wounds ar» painful don't often refuse treatment. But avid Communist POWs often have refused surgery which would correct their disabilities. Most of the sick and wounded Reds have been In U .N. prison camps two years or more. The surgeon said tuberculosis Is the most common ailment among the sick prisoners. However, there are many amputees and orthopedic cases and some mental patlenta.