The Times from London, Greater London, England on October 31, 1901 · Page 9
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The Times from London, Greater London, England · Page 9

London, Greater London, England
Issue Date:
Thursday, October 31, 1901
Page 9
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Kb. cxixisa nnuriK fcyto leuxm X.KrtiTtLuxJtD M M w . m ruxcfrrmt - Mux vax . m m . m tMllQCNU M m mm mm M Ticxat &xraxut rT M .. msm iIpjttjim Ccuo - Xztkcs, Horcrsa,xx TkwstrmrrrTcxt"(Lo&sCazTxi M SnUnrintnCifsailaulOuBa x Ka. CXTZU. Vl ITTI1) .. mm - mm - - mm' mm Imtnnan ttt TMitTtTtt Kaam (In Su cxzix Xmra) M M M tnfsrOntatinMSut trc Inuv IToool. . XiiT cum or irxucKocss dUr. Onxsz Has SaRfl ' m. mm mm tmxmnmlium r VemmTomvaxnUzxi ........ . .. TittTrs Beam iKnm Jen Z.Xaaurtaon. U t u 4 n x ti 4 Sirtra xxtxcxxs : XEXvxx: cuxxxxx axtaxu : iDCtanos ........ xx. xoxzxrox JUJTZZTZXXX LS11. Cm .. hnnk ...... - m. - )iih imIm M A I fbHtiOM m. rKiaXi li . t r ,i - 1 .. it mm U r j 4IWIi VaatrWoM mm mm 14 TExErrcur or tex Dcxx or Ocsjnrxix Wa rbliii to - dy tall deUUs - with rtvd to tho tmajeseau la fortaeaouta sad Jxoacm. la ooa - cexko with th Tiiit of the Zloff and Queen to Portcaocth sad the srriTal of the Doko and Daehm c Vtwt fty wr proloaced. tour. A Cxtiixt Krrcirai ros Eons Amid. urden vcre reoeiTod in Aldennot uxt nlgai for tie anhj Imsxdo xtiiloned there to be held in zadiaea to proceed to South Atria about the yoois or oTea&er for xctira terriee. (n.6) Uz. WTXSEUr. Chief Sfseretu - r fopIwUBd. spssHas iui night at Dcrrer, txld the Gorero - jsuj acceptea TexponxlbUlty lor their wBrthracd treat la Lord Kitchener, trhose plans 1st tte prosecntioa of the nix - rere eTery ireek rcssted to the Cabinet. More troops and xaoie aorses wero being scat out to South Africa. sadtio end which the nation desired - was being steadily approached, though he could not tell hea it trould bo reached. Mr. uVruUnm estieized Sir H. Caapbell - Baanermaa's recent ttteaaces at Stirling, (p. 6) ISz. Jobs Momxr, speaking yosterdsy at the essal oeeting of the Oorernon of Dundee tSiTenitT OqUmtb. dlrrmtrA tiim nwnn?;i wtiaes put forward that the Carnegie bene - tVrions would hare a denioraKxing influence. He wtea that most of the rejections of applications r ihcpayiacnt of fees had hitherto been due to tie Uilure of applicants to pass the preliminary egninstion. Sothing was less to be desired in ft working of the Carnegie Trust any Jng of the standard of access to University 'forctioa. Mr. Carnegie did not merely want or doctors, lawyers, or engineers ; be desired Wr to inprore their quality. Any lowering OUe standard would be disastrous to Scotland u. v ue countries in vnlch Scotsmen settled. (P.7) Tux ArcrBisHor or CJUmxBrsT coatinues to jress towards recoTery. (p. V) Ta Pxjlctb w LnxKrooi At yesterday'! tag of the Iirerpool City Council a long "port by the zoedieal officer on the cases of lugae that had occurred In the city was sub - Kwed. It stated that six deaths which were JueTed to bo due to plague had occurred, and e were at present in the city hospital three ; iuca xaigas do regaroea as pisgue VP - 11) J - A. Ecctocl, K.O, has been appointed - - ct tao uity oi unman. (Jourt. (p. ) .Sxuipox AMJ Fetes ii Loxdox. At mid greats in the hospital ships and "under jwerrxtion, - and down to yesterday 29 m cases had been admitted. On Tuesday night - e 8,ih lexer ana djp&t&eri patients in "hospitals of the Metropolitan Asylums Board. . Tex IrrwMTn Arrnc TTrfi Wr under these Acts for the year 1900 dasa Blue - book. (p. 12) iou FAarrxxx. A taemorial is about to rF to Lord George Hamilton on behalf the be of iaaitJt.p . . . . ?. it Im , causes ox toe recurring taniaes A U01 u i i - m JV. (,t.. T. f m win Mintiiiifc.wfc Ui districts. cbnTened by the KatJonal Union jTea Workers, was held yeaterday at Slon r?5j Tletoria Embankiaeat. Lard Stanford pJrtIo Tkxctxov ox m Ukbebcbocto 255AT - The arbitration as to the system of ?fWe tracUon to be applied to the Jletropoll - Zf; Tideacein XaTour of theolreet - eurreBt SrMTceatedby the Dutrict Company was gty Mr.aT. rerkea,aodbrMr.E. W.Biee "'JJ.Swinburne; electrical engineers, "(p. 12) tJ?? CocuTfc - Ia the King's Beach oUri? .HIgh.Court, beforo Mr. Jwtice plalatlffiaSoathcnd - aolIeltor, sought dc The irkl ws' eWeteded of an aeiion brogghtby aMr. moerson agsiart the directors and seere of - tee " Seoih Coast aCoo - fca kM'feeea aueiwi to ttTet ta tae tary was dlsmlsaed without eoata sad . the Jury fmd for the plInUfl f'n,0, as against the directors. Jedgtaeat waa sites aeoordinglT. - - Ia tho Chancery BltWoa, before . Mr. - Juauce Wright, a petition for the compulaory winding - up of the London and , Globe iFinanoe CorporaUoa was heard, and ' compulsory ?riading - up.orper was Bade. (piu ,13 aad 14) ' Cetixli. CftUiixiL Coraa Before Mr. Justice BIgham, the triaL was, begun of John Coram, shipowner .and GoTemaeut ooatractor, of Pembroke Dock, Anthony James, his' manager, and Charles Daries, s sergeant la tae Army, Berrtee Corps, on charges of i conspiring to defraud the War Office of mowjy by ta&klng false entries and Eutting forward fraudulent documents. Eridcnco i suDoort of 'the prosecution was proceeding when itho Court adjourned, (p. 11) TnEWuLTHxa forecaat for Southern England (London and Channel) anticipates for lo - day easterly and north - easterly winds, strong to a gala on the coast ; lair, generally, but slignt showers locally, (p. 11) Tss GiMBaiPCTSH i be. At tho itcwmarket Houghton Meeting, yesterday, tho race for the Cambridgeshire stakes was won by Mr. n. U. Whitney's Watershed, an outsider, which started with odds of 25 to 1 against hinv (p. 12) Special Articles are published to - day on "Eecord Night Marches Colonel Benson's Column " (p. 15) ; "The National Memorial to Queen Victoria " (p. 8) ; " Society of British Artists " (P 2) ; " Tho Quest of tho Holy Grail "(p. 2); and " Beeeat NotoIs " (p. 12). Tsx Cirr. Money was more abundant at lower rates, and discount quotations also declined, the business done by tho Bank being moderate in amount. On tho Stock Exchange the generally firmer tendency shown on Tuesday afternoon was well maintained, and in all departments prices adranccd, Consols closing j higher. Silver rose 3d. for cash and - M. for forward delivery, (p. 4) Txa Was. Lord Kitchener, in a telegram of Tuesday night, says that last Friday Colonel B jug's column, after a long night march, surprised Spanneberg's commando and captured 22 prisoners, Including two Field - Cornets. A detachment of mounted troops under Colonel E. C Williams encountered Mailer's commando last Monday, 40 miles north of Balmoral, and, after a - running fight which lasted all day, killed four of tho enemy and captured 54 prisoners, M wagons, and much stock. Home skirmlsning is reported Iron the Zululand border. in Cape Colony Colonel Crabbe's column has done good work In driring Boer bands out of the Oudtshoorn and Kootplatx districts. Lord M liner on Tuesday Inspected the British and Boer refugee camps at Durban and Merebanx. A telegram from Try - burg states that sentences on 21 Vryburg rebels were promulgated on Tuesday. Two were sentenced to death and executed on Tuesday morning ; the rest were sentenced to Tarioas terms of penal servitude, (p. 5) Tnxxcz. The Government will be called upon by the railway companies to provide at least 54,000,000., tho sum by which the net profits fall short of Interest and dividends. Our .Paris Correspondent says that, this deficit wDl probably be Increased to CO.OOO.OOOf. by the end of the year, and that tho general Budget deficit Is likely to reacb lUO.OW.OWf. (p. 6) Ge&maxt. Our Berlin Correspondent says there Is no foundation for the rumours that Count Ton Buiow's special audience of the Emperor at Llebenburg indicates that his position as Chancellor has been shaken. The German Press continues to comment with some bitterness on the letters of General Voyron to Count Ton Waldersee, recently published in Paris, (p. 5) Cbexe. Our Constantinople Correspondent states that the Turkish Ambassador in St, Petersburg has informed his Government that the annexation of Crete to Greece is imminent aad inevitable, (p. 5) ArsTBiA. Dr. Kramarz, the leader of the Young Czech party, delivered a speech In the Beiehsrath yesterday in whien he strongly re'1w4 the Ministry and accused them of favouring the Pan - German and " Emancipation from Borne " movements, (p. 5) Bussta. The distress caused in the eastern provinces by the failure of the crops Is, says our at. Petersburg Correspondent, such as has not been experienced for many years. The new papers have been forbidden to publish any save offlLritl information on the subject, (p. 6) children beJoogs to aee of the atm relactaace the rtfet vUeh, m a . not to us. Itr usages c boacarable to erce against 2s4 FriT' TL11 deed of - saortgage oc 52t.W. The defence was that .tader the aeTlr - r0 wMsaaat eoapafiy paid the lateresi Perfor;the coveaaaU coirtalseA to the - W,paymeBt of the prinelpal woold not be S.1 DenbalylglV aad thatithe SSid1boea Vy paid aad tbe.ooTeasats l - a :r. . w tae 'Btaifitta re ws r - defeadsatswho, irere, the S - f w reetioa of a "pyMaUiealf ai - - - - - mm . lmmZ T ': Ssrf - 7. wn SjWsWaal: We publish today various letters upon the question of the concentration camps. Caxox Knot - Little, who knows something of South Africa and the Boers, makes an effective reply to Can ox GoBS,who evolves conscientious objections without having troubled himself to realize the conditions. Conscience is a word very common in the mouths of controversialists who prefer the easy Indulgence of their own emotions or prejudices to the laborious process of forming a reasoned judgment upon a comprehensive survey of facts. Such people are usually quite ready toanrwer not only for their own " conscience " but for that of the nation and of posterity. Canon KNOZ - Lmxx's better Informed conscience returns a verdict directly opposed to that of Canon Goex. Ms, Pacz. he Viuebs, who writes avowedly as a Boer, sends us a letter full of dexterous special pleading that is to say, of specious arguments which omit all consideration of the dominating facts. Ms. Charles Teeteltax takes practically the same line, which Is to hold this country responsible for the lives of all tho Boer women and children. Now no one is responsible for any of their lives or deaths. The utmost responsibility that can bo fastened on any one Is to do tho best he can in the circumstances not to endanger their lives or hasten their deaths. This country has done and 'Is doing everything that it can In that sense. These wives and children of the enemy, who even in tho camps do all they can to help the men who are shooting our soldiers, havo been better fed, looked after, and provided for than our own soldiers p" our own refugees. Everything that we do for them is done under enormous difficulties Imposed upon us by their husbands and fathers. Every wagon of provisions has to be guarded every mile of tho way, otherwise it would never reach them at alL They have doctors and nurses as far as procurable, and generally more of both than our own soldiers. We are informed that everything Is done that can be done to make the camps clean and healthy ; and that as a matter of fact they are !" - " and healthy in every point under our control. The prevalent diseases are not tn of foul ground or contaminated water. They are diseases tho prevalence and "virulence of wUch depend upon personal hibita which are beyond our control. The Boer habits are not like "ours, and. the Boer eontempt for ordinary saaitaryprocautions ls absolute. Boer women cannot be got to take the' most ordinary trouble With tbelr tick, chndrca. .though they . hare nothing to do' but nurse .them, nor can all the Vigilance of .our c&c!als preret tho most reckless iktermingUng lof aiean& healthy The zuortallty tt high; no doubtrbut It is hlghIa spite of the inc peistew aaajOT a eaorts . on jur part, vfcieh'aW &Wrted byihe :clloess, the toneej ; aad the obstinacy cf the people; thern Alaaasii these er thk, co Uken a Tiew ler wMeh ehafiesge the pro - Boer seatt . Wa have to to - day, were ruthlessly eafcoosd by the ,0Emas la Fnee,' as by the Aae .War, that made concentration camps necessary froa a solitary point th persist ence of the Boers In a perfectly useless struggle that compels us to maintain these' camps. - They haTe absolutely nothing to gain by fighting. Even If we were io: march out of South Afxica to - raorrow", tho Boer States could not be resuscitated. The Transvaal, the principal Boer Btate, depended upon the denial of political rights to all except a Boer minority, and upon the arming of that minority to the teeth while the majority were kept unarmed. We have only to let the country alone, and tho population of Johannesburg would return armed to the teeth also, and determined to use the political power of a dominant majority. Tho Boers have nothing to fight for, yet they go on fighting merely to inflict Injury upon this country. Thoy, and they alone, are responsible for tho concentration camps, and for whatever happens there, in spite of our efforts to save their women and children alive. Thoy do not share the view of sentimental - sts at home, clso they would tako the obvious course of subordinating their futile .vindictlve - ncss to their family, affections and responsl bill ties. Of course, they, and still more tho pro - Boers at homo, would like to work these camps for all they are worth as a means of still further embarrassing this country. These people would dearly love to prolong the war and enhance the cost, by getting the Government to embark upon the gigantic business of moving 50,000 people Ma. Stetx says 74,000 down to tho coast, or to new locations where disease would be just as prevalent as it is now. The husbands and fathers would then snipe our soldiers all the way, and raid every spot from which they were withdrawn to carry out the flitting. It would be excellent business. It would cost this country millions of money and the lives of many of her soldiers. At the end of it measles and scarlatina would be rather more rampant than before, and Canon Gobe's conscience would be as uneasy as evor. This country is doing the best it can in Tery difficult circumstances for pooplo who havo no claim upon It. If tho result is not commensurate with the effort, the latter have to thank their own determined neglect of. - the most ordinary precautions. Finally, for whatever happens to them, were it ten times worse than it is, tho responsibility lies, not upon this country, bat upon those who by useless brigandage in South Africa or by dUcttanU treason at home Insist upon prolonging a struggle absolutely purposeless from every point of view. Mr. Wyxshax pointed out yesterday, as Loud Mxuces has already done, that the Boer resistance Is being steadily, though slowly, worn down. Commandos are being broken up small and ever smaller, and signs are multiplying that the elusive bands are being reduced to greater and greater straits. It may be true, as Mb. Wtndiluc says, that tho process is not helped by cracking whips is that a metaphor for issuing proclamations ? or by shouting at the hounds, which probably means criticizing the conduct of tho war. There has not been much shouting at the hounds, but there have been doubts as to whether the master of the hounds has always done his best by the pack. Mm Wtsdbam says that more columns, more men, and more horses will be sent as wanted, and, in fact, are being sent. It will be seen that more cavalry are under orders for South Africa at Aldershot. That is very good, but does not quite answer the question why they were not sent earlier, when they were even more wanted. It is one thing for . a Cabinet to refuse nothing that the general In tho field declares Indispens able. It Is another thing to urge that general to name everything that be could make use of. We havevsuffered all through this war from repeated pauses in. supply, due to the belief that the general could rub along with what he had. The public would be glad to be quite assured that the Cabinet is prepared to err on the side of over - preparation rather than on that of undne optimism. The telegram which we published yesterday from our Shanghai Correspondent seems to indicate that the old game is being played in China, and tnat concessions granted on paper are being rendered nugatory by steady obstruction in detail, aided and encouraged by want of harmony and sincere co - operation among the European Powers. Though the increased tariff duties and the assumption of foreign control over the junk trade ought to come into force on November 11, neither the Customs nor the Con sulates yet possess so much as an authoritative definition of the arrangements they are expected to carry out. This is ail the more unsatisfactory because it is plain that a great deal of admini stXatiyo work has to be done before effect can be given to any arrangement whatever. The existing Customs staff is totally inadequate to supervise and control the junk collection which nevertheless forms part of the consideration in view of which we consent to a substantial increase in the duties upon onr goods. There Is no difficulty in understanding how the Chinese officials regard the matter. They hope that the material difficulties in the way of carrying out the new arrangements will lead to some sort of loose compromise witnout any enecuve loreign super vision, under cover of which they will quietly reintroduce the old abuses. If the Chinese are permitted thus to play with stipulations which we havo some power to supervise and enforce, it is idle to expect any improvement In the less accessible practices by which trade is throttled. There can be no real opening - up of the vast Chinese market so long as goods, after paying enhanced Customs does, are still liable to fresh imposts at every stage of their progress inland. v AW j m aa.a. fivery omciai urougn wnoso oistrict taey pass levies his own toll, and tho result obviously is that beyond a very limited area the price T fit Va . . a . . Docomes proaioiuve. xaat tnese officials are killing the goose that might lay golden eggs Is obvious enough to such Westerns as understand the principles of free trade. Bat it is not obvious to everybody even in the West, so wo can hardly expect the Oriental mind to resist the temptation to tax commerce to death within a short distance of its place of origin. It Is idle to look for a remedy In negotiations with the central Government, which Is now slowly pursuing Its costly and ostentatious journey towards rexing. jiorwimsTanoing edicts oi a progrtstiTe character, that Government Is hope lessly reactionary, and is closely bound by lneritable natural affinity to the European Power chr ls.';essentially OrientaL We hare fairly satisfactory ;tcffgageaents : on paper. We hate the ' emphatia - paper declarations of the central Government , thau it desire all its oficIais6 study aad'puV In practice the western principles which alone can save the Chinese Emptier That Is .all that' tre can expect In the way. of legisla tion. The rest lies la adalnlstratlcs; and fbr hoaesi adaLttratioa. we ' needt kbk to the ' V W - , would.' . Our only .chance lies In dealing direct wit& thesaa&em Tleeroys, who are foa consider able extest accessible to xaodexxt ideas, are pro - : ly dim t Itf rrf with the Maac tto .ceataJ Corernmwit, can be negotiated with. upon. basU'of sell - Iaterest It we ' know bow to give them " effecti ve support, and can find formal authority la Imperial edicts for exten sive adoption of Western Ideas. It Is not the policy of this country to upset the Chinese Government. But In China, as In South' Africa, It is very difficult to realize adequately and continuously how vast Is the area with which we are dealing. Any one of the great Ylceroyalties forms a considerable State. The southern Ylceroyalties as a whole are massive enough, to ensure the stability of - Chinese government against our most strenuous efforts, even were they directed towards disintegra tion. In negotiating direct with these Viceroys, In encouraging them to take an independent line, in dealing with them largely as if they were Independent princes, wo run no risk whatever of breaking up tho Chinese Empire in any sense that concerns ourselves. . The Chinese administration of these vast provinces will go on just the same whether the Viceroys show tho pro gressive spirit inculcated in Imperial edicts or the reactionary spirit of Imperial practice, whether they submit to or reject tho dictation of Li Huno Chang, uid whether they send much or little tribute to Peking. In all countries administration Is moro important than agreements in writing, but in China, where agreements are laughed at as soon as pressure is relaxed, the administration is everything. There fore our only chance is to deal, not with the two - faced makers of agreements in Peking, but with the actual administrators in the Yang - tszo Valley. We published lately an interesting account of a voyage through tho Yang - tszo gorges In a gunboat. The practical result of our Correspondent's observations Is that the physical difficulties of trade bn that great river for a considerable distance above Ichang are well - nigh insuperable, even were all other conditions favourable. There is an enormous area with which profitable business might be done, which in his opinion can be reached only by a railway. That railway would obviously - be very expensive, and until nearer markets are utilized we need hardly look for its construction. Ms. Clive BianAU, who lectured on this subject the other day at Liverpool, finds in Han - kau the real objective of British effort, and the future commercial centre of Southern China. That is considerably more accessible, and is already marked out as tho starting point of Important railways. To consolidate our position on the first thousand miles of the Yang - tszo and to free trado from the oppressive internal taxation that now stifles it would seem to. bo the primary objects of British diplomacy and commerce in China. It will be observed that the German Press is now engaged In pooh - poohing the Voybox - Waldehsee correspondence, and in trying to describo French complaints as merely intended to amuso the French newspapers. That line of defence may be good enough for the German public, but it will not pass muster with those who know what went on In China. The French commanders wero not the only ones who had cause to complain of tho overbearing conduct of the Germans, and of their persistent attempts to press to the uttermost, for their own particular ends, that qualified authority voluntarily accorded to Count vox Waldersee as a trust to bo administered impartially for the common good. The Germans were responsible for much vindictive punishment of innocent Chinese who had previously submitted to terms which our own and other commanders judged sufficient to ensure the safety of their troops. Hhierrr.wihimunl - ferskl a i if n t and sympathy; ; At the Jsse use it Is to be 'noted, thatTw declares, quite as plainly, thatJsnythlngllike a,5 proralsemxs payment of " ices wculdbe aa "fuM and a disaster - to: Se - Nothing more than this was 'said by those who poin ted out that, if the gift, as originally appeared to be the case.imflied the payment of fees Indiscriminately for, the capable and the Incapable, Its ultima to effect on Scottish education and tho Scottish character would not be beneficIaL Indeed, Ms. MosLsf admits that the trustees, in their determination to avoid any' such unfortunate result of Mb. Caenecis's generosity, havo caused a certain amount of disappointment. They havo properly insisted on a fairly high standard of competence at the preliminary examination. That has been our view from the first. To pay the foe at the Universities of boys insufficiently trained at school and unable In consequence to take advantage of an academic training in' the higher sense would certainly not be an 44 unmixed blessing " to the Scottish nation. To maintain a high standard in this respect, as Ma. Mokixt says, will tend to keep secondary as well as academic education at a high level. It was not, Me. Moelet says, the object of tho ! Carnegie endowment to multiply tho numbers i of doctors, lawyers, and engineers turned out ! annually in Scotland, but to improve tho quality of the average product. An important step was taken in this direction when, with Mb. Cabnxqix's i consent, the trustees decided that the whole of tho fund should not be applied to the payment of fees, but that practically one half of it should be used to improve the equipment of the Scottish Universities, particularly in tho higher branches of scientific instruction. It would seem, . however, from Mb. Moblet's remarks at Dundee, that even the largo amount with which the Carnegie Trustees will bo able to deal for this purpose will not suffice to meet all the claims upon it. This portion of the work, however, has not yet been touched, as the Trustees have been occupied hitherto with the question of fees. Mb. Moblet tells us that in the opinion of his scientific friends 44 the demands in Scotland for better 44 equipment, will be, as they ought to be, 44 enormous." He does not encourage Dundee or any other industrial community of the kind to cherish the hope of getting all that is wanted for the improvement of college buildings, lecturo; rooms, and laboratories out of tho Carnegie Trust. Still less is it likely, in existing conditions, that the work will bo done at the cost of tho Imperial Treasury. But Heaven helps those that help themselves. Tho 44 generous and self - 44 sacrificing interest " in the higher education which Mb. Moblet desires to see in active work among the citizens of Dundee, and which has borne such good fruit in the great towns of England, does not remain unrecognized either by individuals or by the State. But in all this enthusiasm for scientific training the maintenance of a high standard of general culture should not bo neglected. We are glad to note that Mb. Moblet, while fully alive to the claims of science and the value of its practical application, docs not allow himself or others to forget that Universities were founded and are kept alive to do something more than to furnish a training in professional aptitudes and mechanical arts. alJjjjJSSSSSalsMfcSt ' The King has been pleased to approve the appointment of Mr. J. A. Rentoul, K.C., as a Judge of tho City of London Court. It Is always pleasant to meet Mb. Moblet on common ground, and especially in dealing with a subject on which he is so well entitled to speak as on the intellectual aspects of higher education. In his speech yesterday at Dundee, Me. Moblet did not tako up a different attitude on any important points, from that which was taken up a few days before by Lobd Balfocb of Bttrixiqh In his address as Chancellor to the University of St. Andrews. Mb. Moblet complains of the inadequate equipment, so far as scientific teaching is concerned, of such institutions as the University College at Dundee, the second centre of Industrial enterprise in Scotland. That College is regarded in the light of a link between modern ideas and the older learning as represented by the fifteenth - century foundation of St. Andrews. But it is still insufficiently provided for its new work. The same thing may be said of the great centres of population and trade both north and south of the Border. Indeed, even in London, tho richest and most populous city in the world, far too little has been done in this direction. Even the vigorous efforts that have been made in the great provincial towns with this object cannot be said to havo come up hitherto to tho demands of the present day for improved scientific and technical teaching. In Birmingham, in Liverpool, and in Manchester much has been done, and Glasgow, Aberdeen, and Dundee itself have not been behindhand in endeavouring to keep pace with the progress of modern Ideas. But both in England and In Scotland the actual provision for the teaching of science is held, by scientlflo men, to be, as Mb. Moblet says, shabby and meagre compared with that which is made, either by the liberality of the Government or by the bounty of private individuals, in tho United States and in the German Empire. Mb. Moblet does not profess to have any special knowledge of these needs, as to which, however, there is little difference of opinion, and none delimitated by party lines. He is certain of securing general agreement when he says that no form of expenditure is more likely to be reproductive than that which should 4 4 place within tho reach of the coming 44 generation opportunities for making the best of 44 itself and giving to the commonwealth the best of its faculties." The effect of Mb. Caeneoie's munificent gift for the endowment of higher education in Scotland is, of course, a material element in the discussion of the subject with which Mb. Moblet undertook to deal at Dundee. He sniffs with something of an unreasonably contemptuous air at the criticisms which were made upon the Cabneqie gift in Its original form.' We are bound to say we still feel it would not have been, in that form, by any means an unmixed blessing to the Scottish people. That, indeed, is the view which was taken when tho matter came to be discussed by Mb. Pawtt himself, who has been eagerly desirous that his generous aid should bo used; only to the best' advantage of those concerned, and by the trustees of the fund he has established, one of whom is Ma. Moxixr; The payment of fees for those who can show merit and can prpre need does not Imply the tjuallest demoralisation. Ma. Moblet says, with admirable frankness, that - he could sot haTe obtained his erlurtforttOxiordtf lthad lios been that he - won a scholarship oa an old ephwopal cadtiauient, and that be never felt iatho; least br 3fc4W aoeesfeaesef OBITUARY, Bra WiLToan Baxrr died on Wednesday si Uxaoon, at his resldenca, Wilford - lodgs, Ether. B had been in fail - Inj health for a considerable tixna, but it was aotj until Sunday aTeniag that he was suddenly seised with serioos illness. From time It was realised that Ms ease was hopeless, and on Tuesday evening Lord Ether, his nephew, was summoned ta his bedside. Sir Wilford, who was a brother of the laU Lord Eiher, Muter of the Bolls, was the fourth ion of the late Rev. George Brett, of Ranelagh, Chelsea, and was bom in 1824. He married, in 1859, Mary Isabel, daughter of Mr. Thomas Stephra, who died in 1892. In 1340 he entered the Army, and served on the staff in Cevlon, British North America, and Malta. He became a major nnsttsfhftd in 1S64, was created a K.C - M.U. in the same rear, snd finally retired from the service in 18C9. Sir Wilford Brett of 1st years had occupied the post of managing director of the Sandown Park Racecourse Company, and was a most generous benefactor to the village of uner, In which Sandown Park la situated. It waa mainly throagh his exertions that the village received a present of a well - eqaipped fire - station. The funeral will tale place at Esher Churchyard, where the ttt""" of the late Lady Brett are interred. HaJOB - GssxaaL John Pxtxb William CaxrsxtE, whos death at 62, Doughty - street, Bloomibury, yesterday, at thage of 78, is ansotmced, was the third son of Sir Duncan Campbell, first baronet of Barcaldise, Argyllshire. He entered the Army In 1S42 and served In the Sutlej campaign of 1845 - 13, including the battles of Moodkee and Feroaeahah, where he was severely wounded. He also served La the expedition on the Hazara border as a Staff officer of the Punjab Irregular Force with the expedition against the Bczd&r Hill tribe in 1S57, and waa present at the taking of the KV"" Deal. He retired in 1878 with the rank of major - general. The death took place at Moscow - mansions, Cromwell, road, London, on Monday, of SlK THOMAS JlOKO, second baronet of Llndertia, Forfarshire, at the age of 82. Sir Thomas was the eldest ton of the first baronet, a major - general la tho Army, and a former Governor of Madras, by his wife, a daughter of Mr. Richard Campbell, of Craigie. He was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford, and, entering the Army, rerved In the Rifle Brigade and 10th Dragoons, now the 10th Husfars. He is succeeded in the title by his brother, Captain Campbell Munru, of Fairfield, Lyme Regis, late of the Grenadier Guards. Cascm Jons BxxxaRD BaosHawx, rector of St. Elisabeth's Roman Catholic Church, Richmond, died at Brighton yesterday mornicg. Canon Bagahawe was ordained by Cardinal Wisamaa in l&l, and his jubilee ss s priest was celebrated with much rejoicing by his conrre esiion in March last. He volunteered for service as Koman wauoiic cnapiain wiw uo uwpa ia uro Crimea, and spent two years there. Shortly after his return he was appointed to the charge of the mission st Richmond, and there he laboured for 44 years. He was the author of several works upon theology, notably " The Threshold of the Catholic Church " and 44 The Credentials of the Church." Our Paris Correspondent announces the death, at the age of 49, of Caftajst Git mtar, a writer oa strategy aad military organization. Dr. Schocclasx, Socialist member of the Reichstag, died at Leipzig yesterday. We are informed by the vicar of Clewer St. Stephen, Windsor, that the wife of the lata Canon Carter died in 1869, not, as stated in our notice on the authority oi the Press Association, in 1878. The South "Wales Coax. Tease. The decision of the South Wales colliers to have another 44 stop " today, In order to restrict the output of coal and thus keep up prices, has caused a serious situation. The Coal owners' Association met privately st Cardiff yesterday to discuss the cutter, and the following oQcial report was Issued Ust evening :" At a largely - attended general meeting of the Coalowners' Association this morning, Mr. William Jenkins, chairman, presiding, the principal subject under discossion was the stoppage of tho Associated Collieries on Friday and Saturday Ust sad the threatened stoppage on Thursday seat under the instructions of the workmen's representatives. The association passed the following resolution s 4 That such actios ss the association are advised to take be taken against (1) the individual workmen or some of them ; (2) the men who signed the notices calling the men out lor the holidays ; (3) the South Wales liners' Federation sod the Miners' Federation of Omt Britain. That 'a committee, consisting of the owners' sid of the SUdiag Scale Committee be hereby arjr - jtnt to act for the association - hi the oondact of snchsction as they may be advised to taxa." " it is considered that ia all probability ths masters dedxioa irill be taken as a challenge by the workman, and a counter - move by the. Misers' Federation is gsnerally mtfrir - The belief U entertained that the miners' orrxnizaUaa, baring; a, large rseerra fund, would not be Bswilllns; to go teto Court with a test case, la which the men's sids would fight from a poiat of grea advantage than was the ess withttheTaSValefzaihrsysan. Between 13HJXQ snd;i4O.00Q xaesv ansJtctsd la the lusawint inittnrs. trri Tt - TM - rr rf tw mftmn tHTI H hH ta . every part of the district to - day. ' A telegram last tdaht stated that - Mr W. P. likbala, of Pontypridd, solicitor' to the - Sooth Wales UlaetxV Federation, had seen spfoeched ivrith! a view of Us SMcepth sssrtie of Mini - on .behalf of ; the federation hi any ptoceerflngi WMA the esnxJersgr' siswrirHrw sat.saadthrthe - - r:f - SaBLEORODGHHOCSEOci.80. His Excellency Monsieur Paul Camhon, Jfraich Asr - bassador, had an audience of The to - day :and 'presented to His Majesty a cold medal in coramemeratioa. of the Paris Exhibition, 1900. Mrs. hfaasey had the honour of sahtrdttnctoTJ inns; and Queen a series of miniatures painted by hex f or Their Msjeatie. The King and Qneen spent a Tery quiet day yesterday. Her Majestydrove oat In - the afternoon. After the King has held the Privy Council fixed for Monday," their Majesties, with the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York and other members of the Royal Family, will leave town by special train for si - :nfKm. They will spend the remainder of next week there, and the trif will, at the begirming of the following week, pay a visit to Frogmore, where, with the Duke of Cornwall and a select party, he will shoot orer the Royal presrv The Queen has become an annual subscriber to the funds of the East London Hospital for Children. ShadweU. To - day is the 40th anniversary of his Majesty the King's connexion with the Middle Temple, he having (as Prince of Wales) been called to the Bar and elected a Bcneber of that Honourable Society on October 31, 1861. On that occasion a grand banquet was given, in the Middle Temple - hall, at which most of the Judges and a number of distinguished persons were pre"' A telegram from Pretoria, dated October 30, says : To - day being the anniversary of the death oi Prince Christian Victor, a memorial service was held in the cathedral, and was attended by the .Commander - in - Chief and his staff and other representatives of the military and civil popalatlon. The - grave of "the Prince, which has been regularly tended by Lady Maxwell, was decorated with many beautiful wreaths, one of them be leg from Major - General Barton, the off car """"t the district. - The Archbishop of Canterbury had a good night and was very much better yesterday morning. Last night he was making satisfactory progres. The Earl and Countess of Cromer have arrived at Cairo, where they were received by a representative of the KhediTF, the Ministers, the TSirdar, and the staff of the Army of Occupation, the principal British residents in Cairo, and many others. Earl Spencer, who Is to address a liberal meeting st Newport, Monmouthshire, on November 21, will be the guest of Colonel Ivor Herbert, CJJ., of Llasarth - court. Mr. Herbert Gladstone, MJ, has just received two weddi&s presents of interest from his political associates at Parliament - street, Westminster. The permanent members of the staffs of the National Liberal Federation, the Home Counties Liberal Federation, and the Liberal Publication Department have given the Chief Liberal Whip specially bound sets of the works ot Didiens, Charles Kingsley, and Borrow ; while from the executive committee of the National Liberal Federation, who have had in mind his musical tastes, he has received a set of Schumann's complete works. The geoeral committee of the National Liberal Club are presenting Mr. Gladstone with aibrer candelabra. Mr. Justice Walton has accepted an invitation from the Incorporated Law Society of Liverpool to s dinner, which, it is understood, will be held on Saturday, November 16, at the Exchange Station Hotel. Mr. ITorton Smith, K.C., has been elected Master of the Library of Lincoln's laa. for ths ecsaiss year ; the Lord Chief Justice (Lord Alverstone) has been appointed Dean of the Chapel ; Sir Edward Clark?, K.C., has been appointed keeper of the Black Books ; and Lord alarnaghtwi has been appointed Master at the Walks. lord Alverstone has accepted the Invitation ot the President (Sir Henry Fowler, MJ.) and Council of the Incorporated Law society to dine with November 27. At a meeting of the committee of the Liberal Imperialist League, held yesterday afternoon, in the premises of the League, at No. 1, Great George - street, Westminster, Sir Edward Grey, MJ, was ejected president in succession to Lord Brassey. The foil owing wert elected Tice - presldenta : Lord Braseey, Mr. R. B. Haldane, K.C, M Mr. R. C Monro - and Mr. Lawson Walton. K.C, MJV A resolution - was passed thanking Lord Brassey for his valuable services daring the early period ot the existence of the organlxa. k tioa. The annual concert given by the choir ot St. George's Chapel and his Majesty's Private Chapel, Windsor Castle, took place last night at the Royal Albert Institute, Windsor, under ths patronage of th King and Queen. Sir Walter Parratt. the King a Master ot atusic. concocted, sad ur. u. a. uoya, rreoentor ox Eton Collere, superintended the production of 44 Three men of Gotham." a cart song for men's voices, ekprecsly composed by him for the concert. Earl Do La Warr, who has been staying during the summer st lachmery, the residence of the Dowager Countess De La Warr, will spend the winter there sad at Bexhlil - on - Ses. Tho Right Hon. TOlllam J. aad Mrs. Ormlston, Belfast, have arrived at Dowaahire - hocse, Bel grave - square. Mr. and Mrs. Pinero hare left London for Brighton until the spring. A marriage took place Tery quietly on Thursday, the 24th inst., at SU George's, HaxwverHanare. between Reginald George Petre Wymer, late Argyll and Sutherland liirhlaaders, son of Captain Reginald Wymer. 3rd Cameron Highlanders (late Argyll sad Sutherland Highlanders), and grandson of the late General Sir Geotge Petre Wymer, and Olire Maad, only child of Mr. William Ancketiil, L.D., Aackatills - trove, Emy - vsle, county Monaghan, Ireland. We have to announce the death, after a short Iimess,of Mr. C J. Kinahaa. of 90, PkxadQly. The funeral will take place at the Mural Cemetery, Lewes - road, Brighton, to - day, oa arrival of the 10 40 train from Victoria Station. Mr. Johaan Maria Farina,of No. 4, Julichs Platx, Cologne, has been appointed by Royal warrant purveyor of au de Cologne to his Majesty the King. TO - DAY'S ARRANGEMENTS. V Jlm. - The King aad Qneen leave London for Portsmouth to receive the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall aad York. Westminster City Council : Special meeting to adopt aa address to the Duke sad Duchess of Cornwall and York and to appoint a deputation to present it, Tpwa - hall, Caxton - ctreet, 3. The late Canon T. T. Carter : private service, House of Mercy chapel, (Sewer, 10 SO ; public funeral service, CI ewer pariah church, 11 45. London School Board, 3. Opening of an Exhibition of ScieatiAc Apparatus ccn - stracted by London School Board teachers and pupils, Examination - hall, Victoria Bit."', 10 to 9. The Lord Mayor - Elect presides at the Earlswood Asylum election. Cannon - street Hotel, L Dinner to celebrate the opening of tho Harrney Vy - nirfral Electricity Works, Hotel Cecal, 8. Council of Legal Education : Judge Willis's second lecture oa 44 Contract of Sals," Old - hall, Lincoln's Inn, 8. Solicitors' Managing Clerks' Association : Sir F. Jeuse presides at a lecture by Mr. Leigh Clare, MJ., oa " Some Points in the Law of Precrrptica,M Inner Temple - hall, 7. Sir Edward Claras opens St, Jsmes's - tan, Upper KTn"rit rm , 8. r Professor Blakaaleys last lecture cn Law, Graahant College, 6. Mr. Stopford Brook begins a course of five Thursday lectures on the poetry of Matthew Arnold and other poets. Botanical Theatre, University College, 8. tyTrAi - m Society, Bnrlingtrtn Hoose t Professor H. S. Armstrong, F.KJ3., deirvers the Fraaklaad Memnrlal Lecture, ti 39. Sir H. Howorth on " Excelsior sad its Prophet Buskta Society ot Antiquaries, Brlington - House, 1 30. Badng - Newmarket Meeting. Company Meetings : Balkan Copper, 4, Redcross - etreet, 12. British Dell and '.fV.t Tobacco, Winchester - has,, 12. Csatlebeilingham and Drogheda Breweries, Dublin, 3. General Steam Navigation, 55, Great Tower - street, 12. Gold Estates of Australia, Wmcbesteihonse, 11. Hall M'"faf and Smelting, Wmchester - hctae. 13. Hodgson's Kingston Brewery, xDagstca - oo - ThsiaeS, 12, Hotel Cecil, the Hotel, 230. Household Stores, Manchester, 12. Montevideo Telephone. Wlacaester - hocsa, 22. Northern Banking, Belfast, 12. , Port Talbot Graving Dock and Shiphldg Pott Talbot. Roles (Jules), Cinnon - etrset Hotel, 12. Swift Cycle," Coventry; IS , t v . . Sykes (W.R.) Interlocking Signal, Wmchestar - h 130. United Indigo and Chemical, MinrhestsT, 4. TrrvKTTr' Ritt FAifrxaThe actions ill ermrrf. with the Uhs of DmabeJTs - Bank, Isle of M". were closed hi the Chancery Court at D . i,.i,l.. . t - rm - - - were, etvwase mnuwyp ? . . sad 12300. By the tame oi the compromise Anaoppa may prove against DumheJl'a Rant, which, la in ILjuida tioa, for a certain sua tM surrender the claims in both: ' actions. A. dividend of 3s. m the pocmd has siresdy been paid in theiliquldaticn of Dumbell's Bsaksssi another of aboo the same amount Its fspectsdsborUy. secrttary to this iartitatlca', wrim from W. Csdofan garoaas. S.W. r - ",May I apptal ! 'to thepuhcio throuah yosttcolmsns foT - gifU of jold' Ixasa, tof bssetti &U Luke's ho ess, a home for the dyiaf poor, at 13, Lawa - road, HssjtatockJiill t Many of the paUsatta tssm saSar from caacer, and sa: enormoqa i qosaastr. ear .'oast iimii is tatlon - wool Wbssathessssdr nsd andJtas ss to; be - 1

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