CONTENTS. ovuu ax rc - awcx txraxieDcci n, t.i acocv. i rm oc irioui Oku - r"'" uwsW : : : :S A. TI1J - - - SSaSLaMMIHlMiHB I I Z M ioket tor only m pirnuM w rr. tixcwt - ysVsVtTt m rDorr ibiLAt - - - - - nfrTHIXTITJ mi - rBcm - rrT billed no rxAOT. Koctmr pp srtiukTi vr comibkm rBX KDtVJkTK BUJ - nuiLo vp rm in mwdoii i rvnurrs wwtai, i r - jM - nuroaa - or tm , rontT ctbctlab and xrwa J.,,!i..Tici IirrcLuaneai Tu'lconin ii.ivbt inuinnci: T luu - t i Rib Aktiik Auou FT UAKKST Z - - - It left Sussex with the formidable teak of making SM to win. Of these, at the eloeeTtlMT fed cot 37 with four wicket down. - At Woweater. War - wirasaire nuubed tftcir first innings against Worcestershire fa an, or A to the good, and then captured fire of their opponents' wTchete far showed rrwatlv pot toretber a mom of Ml. eight of the. Hamrjahire wicket lor onlv 37 Crystal Palace sgsinst London County tor . Mid proceeded to dismiss t ho home team for 9C, of which 73 were obtained by Dr. Grace and Mr. Murdoch. The visitors, at the cloec, had loot three wicket In their second attempt for 68 SraciAL Abticxxb are published to - day on The National BooaU " (from oar Special Bneanondcnt at Pretoria! (n. 4) i " The American DemocraU and their Prospect " (from Washington Correspondent) (p. 4) i The bse - Lax Comnlication In Jinn " (from our Toklo Correspondent) (p. 3) ; M An Abyssinian Problem " (p. 3) ; " Imperial Defence " (from oar loronto cot - res ponaentj p. i) ; OccnpaUoo of Lake Chad " (p. 12) " l brut i Hospital ' (p. o). Tu Citv. The Money Market was easy yesterday ana all test was aoe to tbe liauk was repaid, but tbe discount rates were steady. Silver for imtnedlste delivery was dud rd. higher. On the Stock Exchange business was Terr quiet. The tone was steady, especially for high - class investment securities and for Argentine bonds and the stocks of the Grand Trunk Railway of Canada. Consols rose i and y - . An issue of India bills is announced. e discuss the effect of the decision of the House of Lords in the Ores ham Life Assurance Society's income - tax case. (p. 13) Tint Warn. Aberdeen. Cane Colony. attacked on Sunday by a party of 120 Boers, who were repelled, losing their commandant killed, and two prisoners. Oar Paris Corre - nresent negotiations cannot nossiblv result in peace, as the majority of the Boers at Vereenig - ing are personally Interested in continuing the war as long as possible, (p. z) The Volcaxio Ekcttions in tub West Indus. Our Correspondent at St. Thomas, in a telegram of yesterday, says it is reported from St. Lucia that a further serious eruption of Mont Pelee, Martinique, occurred on Monday. The search parties at St. Pierre had to leave hurriedly, and the British and American in the harbour were also obliged to withdraw. Very load detonations were heard yesterday moraine in Dominica. GuadelouDC. Antieua. and St. Kitts, and faintly in St. Thorn. The Governor of the Windward Isles, in a despatch from St. Vincent received at the Colonial Office yesterday afternoon, says all immediate wants are now supplied. He has ordered timber for booses, to tbe extent of 6,000, through the British Ambassador at Washington and tho Gorernor - Geoeral of Canada. The question of the resettlement of tbe people is engaging his consideration. He estimates that 50.000 will enable him to support all tbe sufferers for six months ana renoaae. uea in new localities. (p. S) China. Our Peking Correspondent says the recommendation of the Chinese For Office - that Yuan Shih - kai and Ha Yu - fen should be reduced two steps in rank for signing the railway agreement with Sir K. 8a tow has not been given edict to, nor will It be, aa tbe Court has had its eyes opened to the injustice attempted. Tbe Chinese Government yesterday formally addressed the foreign Ministers, enclosing a copy of tbe agreement, and requesting their assent. The Russian Minister still protest against tbe composition of the military co - directorate, (p. 6) France an d R can i a. President Loube t arrived at Kronstadt on board the Montcalm yesterday morning, and was met by the Tsar, who accorded him a most cordial welcome, which was echoed by crowds of spectators. He was conducted by tbe Tsar to Peterbof on the Imperial yacht, and afterwards proceeded toTsarskoe Selo, where tbe Princxsb Christian yesterday opened a bazaar ustt1 TiiiU 01 ""' wepe P' ' , ' at Hi! burn in aid of the building fond for a new India. The Viceroy reports heavy rains In church for tbe district of St - Anne's, Broad - Banna and Bengal and a lighter fail in tbe burr. (p. 7) Deccan and Central India. Tbe number of Ms. Bbtcx, M.P.. was tbe nrincinal sneaker I PM on Imine .. IP - &) tSs - - - - - Z Z Z Z 9 rirarONTiKNCE : ni UK - cinw "in. (Tns Data or Wtsesssraa urs l'yo"SLi!9Ar,rlu - - U BBS v ""RA"J,,C rri OaarssTiox Z T tsi Osssss is Bsitis Innm : a Kuiim secirrv. - - ij Tsi wiMSnti or akuvaav TaaonB iOolosil run SI Eirrsar - axss fsta. B. it B SAoaxaorr Z IS uwutio sob Tudi Cnoaa fj losses Ouxin or AWTBATtaa (Hm. Asrsrs LXADTNO AKTKT.IS: ntrsinpT locbet rx rcsria: tht growth rl "SSK urmninmi THK ATTORN XT - otNXEAL AND THE jS Z Z Z : es zz i ST" - E 'j I THE TIMBS, VEDNES1JAY, HAY 51, IflOSt sach ocelot.i Uitef.. At that time tbe estimated exj 1 rMW Nlr. - ! - J OssrtWw - LOSDOS, WZDFKSDAT, MAT II, 1102. Tax MajonoK - Borsz Fcxd for the relief of tbe distress in St - Vincent yesterday amounted to iUS.000, and a further remittance of 15.000 was cabled to tbe Administrator at Su Vincent. meetine held last nitrht in Aberdeen 1 protest agaiaat tbe corn tax, and sharply j icmsa u great increase ot recent yo if the Lord Hijrh Commissioner, tbe Karl of Lrrcn and Melville. Tbe General Assembly of the United Free Church of Scotland was opened : yesterday in Glasgow, (p. 8) FairNDLT Societtobs. The Annual Movable' Committee of tbe Manchester Unity of Oddfellows routinned its sittings at Newcastle - on - Tyne Testerday. The directors' report was presented, and sundry detail business transacted. The annual meeting of tbe Order of Druids began at Darlington, under tbe presidency of tbe Grand Master, Mr. J. Hutchinson ; the Grnd United Order of Oddfellows opened their conference at Burnley ; and tbe Hearts of Oak Benefit Society opened a five days' conference at their offices in London, (p. 7) T'.x Cc - oro - ATTvx CoxcBxaa at Exeter yesterday passed resolutions condemning tbe Education BUI and tbe corn tax. (p. 7) Sauurox and Fxtxb in London. There were MB patients in the smallpox hospitals on Monday night, and 51 fresh cases were admitted down to 7 p.m. yesterday. There were 3349 fever and diphtheria patianU in tbe hospitals on Monday t. (p. 6) Sra Ajottcr Arnold, who from 1880 to 1835 represented Salford in tbe House of Commons, and some years ago waa chairman of tbe London Comity Council .died saddenly last evening at his residence in frn , He waa in his 68th year. (p. C) A See iocs Fax occurred yesterday morning in Westminster, when tbe premises of tbe Welsbach Incandescent Light Company were involved, and tbe greater part of them destroyed, (p. 7) Thx Peacx Socixtt held its annual meeting last night in London, Mr. C. Morelaod presiding, (p. 12) Poucx Cocbtr. Tbe Bank Holiday charges at tho virion police courts were rather more tamerous than usual yesterday. At Marl - Franck. Our Paris Correspondent draws from LTticlea in tbe J cmpj ana uetutt ana irom otner ircanistanees the inference mat m. waiaccx - on before tbe meeting of tbe new Chamber. He is guided not only by considerations ot tne state oi nis neaitn bat by the opinion that hia mission is ended. Oar Correspondent farther points oat that a consideration which has, no doubt, strongly influenced M. Waldeck - Rousseau is tbe fact that of bis colleagues in tbe present Cabinet there are only three MM. Caillaox, Delcaaae, and lieygoee wno couia oe memoen oi ue new one. (J - 5) Holland. A bulletin issaed yesterday moraine states that tbe condition of Queen Wilhelmina continues very satisfactory, and that she was able lor tne nrst time since ner uineas negaa to leave her bod on Sunday, (p. 6) Spain. Tho fete in celebration of King Alfonso enthronement were conunnea Madrid yesterday. (D. fi) Thx United Statis. The tornado which visited Goliad, Texaa, on Sunday caused tbe death of 98 persona and injury to 103, and did damage to tbe extent of $200,000. It is feared that over 200 miners have lost their lives in the explosion in a coal mine in Tennessee, (p. 0) Ccba. The ceremony of handing over Cuba to tbe new Republican Government took place yesterday at Havana. The American colours were formally lowered by General Wood, tbe retiring United States Governor, who afterwards hoisted tbe Cuban flag, and read a proclamation addressed to tbe Cabana by President Roosevelt. He and bis staff, with most of the American troops in tbe island, afterwards embarked for the United States, (p. 5) The President of tbe Fench Republic landed yesterday upon Russian soil, and waa welcomed with tbe honours due to the Chief Magistrate of tbe allied nation to which Russia owes so much. Tbe Grand Dcxx Auxu went oat to greet M. Locbet on board tbe Montcalm and to eacoi him to tbe Imperial vacht, where the Emfklop. awaited his distinguished guest. The meeting tarcagb - street. William Bordea. 60. a French - between the TaAA and his boat of last Boa. keeping a stationer's shop in Goodge - m taost cordial, and tbe abort paasage to rL,ThfTt'; - .y" tzZZ?" V I Peter hof was spent in friendly conversation on Hi weeks hard labour for selling obscene post - f ' . ., . T:r - ' . . rd,. KmU Dion. 32. bookseller, of tbe same tbe incident of M. Locbet voyage. Aa tbe i fined 10, with five or a similar offence, (p. 3) The Weather forecast for Southern England Uondoii and Channel) anticipates far to - day Bortberly northwesterly to nortb - eaaterly "'&ds, light or moderate ; fair aa a whole ; tem - Beratore rising somewhat, (p. 7) Cbicxxt. At Lord's, yesterday, Middlesex amed their second innings against Somerset. "4 in improved conditions of weather and trf hit p tbe respectable total ot 320, which Trott made 103. Somerset were wt with 313 to make far victory, and after ohag three good batsmen very cheaply, raised Uer score to 83 for three wicket. At Leyton, Wx continued their first innings against Kent, ted Bade a score of 277. Tbe visitors, going in Cainst arresr of 218. were asain unsuccessful their second venture, and were disposed of far d 130 runs. At Leicester tbe first innings " ue Australians against JLeicestei "bed for 120, or 75 ahead, and eosmtv lost .!t wirVi lor 117 runs in ond Innings. Tbe match between Yorkshire ad Lancashire at Sheffield was brought ton spid conclosioo. The first innings of Lancashire completed for 72 ; then Yorkshire made 148, "d rot r id rf theis rumimfa aawin for 54. win - ffaff by aa innings and 22 runa - At Notting - Notts raised their firat innings total to 250, n of tbe Alexandria made her way to the shore, she flew the ivatellae of tho President alongside tho Im perial standard. Tbe 1 rench travellers round many old friends assembled on boartLamongst whom Count Lahsdorf, tbe Minister for Foreign Affairs, and Admiral Avxllan, who commanded the Russian squadron daring its memorable visit Toulon, may be particularly noted. Peterbof tbe .visitors were received with military honours, and amongst tbe officers in chief of tbe French Republic, waa Colonel Prince Loci Bonaparte. Tbe Prince, we may be sure, waa not present on such occasion against his personal wishes. It m unlikely that be may have deliberately chosen to appear amongst tbe troops of tbe allied nation who paid homage to the head of the French Republic, a simple moans of demonstrating to tbe world that be baa definitively thrown in his lot with hia adopted country, and reeocnixea the Government which France baa given herself aa legitimate, tin at least appears to be tbe natural Interpretation of his conduct, Bad, if it be the tree Interpretation, It cannot bat be grateful to tbe representative of tbe esta - to give tbe the effort of the Russian Press The article in the Journal de St. Prsh0Mrr. which maybe a i' - I a t'te oil - l.il ebwnat apoa thee root, rv.e t w ith panWabi UJhrauaB to tbe development of the' ' uuasailble union be - " tweam the two frieadlyaad allied Greet Powers, mm by the mutual sympathy of the two " peoples," which baa followed the visit Of the French fleet to Kronstadt eleven yean ago. point, it need hardly be said, was emphasized In the toasts exchanged between ireaoB aad the Pbsbioxxt at the I in the evening. The semi - official with tbe other Russian newspapers. accept tho view of the alliance we have often ex - e it waa first beard of. Tbe compact between France and Russia is, It guarantee ot universal peace, aad, we used the other day. an eaaanttol element in the balance of power," not merely in Aorope, Dot also in other parts of tbe world. It speaks of the " benefit to tbe two State " which the alliance has wrought, bears merited testimony to tbe personal services of M. Locbxt and of M. Dklcabb in strengthening tbe bonds between the two countries, and concludes with tbe hope, which is doubtless sincere, that the present visit may leave behind it seed which will prove fruitful for the future. When M. Locbet returns to France he will have at once to take into consideration the ppointment of a new Cabinet. In tbe eloquent speech be delivered at Brest immediately before he sailed he referred to the Pxiktx MiMsn - K in terms which were widely accepted as an appeal to M. Waxdbck - Rochbzac to remain in office. It seems clear from to - day's news that. If such an appeal waa intended, it has not been successful. Oar Paris Correspondent accept tbe articles which appeared in tbe Tempt and the IMbati of last night as a semi - official announce ment that tho Premier will insist upon resigning before tho Chamber meets on June 1 municat ion from the Minibteb of Acriccltcbe to Prefect who wished to invite him to attend an agricultural congress on June C haa leaked oat. and confirms the statements of the newspapers. M. DcrcT begged the Prefect not to take tbe trouble of calling upon him, because " Cabinet may already be considered to have " resigned. This se intentions of M. Waldece - Rocsskau and hia colleagues, though no official announcement, perhaps, is likely to be made while the President is oat of the country. The decision of the Phi XX Minister is a curious and striking proof of the difference between French Parliamentary institutions and our own. It is almost inconceivable that an English Premier should have gone to the country upon a broad and clear issue with which he waa personally identified, and, when he bad gained a decisive victory at tbe polls should then refuse to meet the new Parliament. If death or any other cause made it physically impossible for him to lead hia followers when the Houses assembled, that duty would devolve easily and naturally upon one or other of his more prominent colleagues. Tbe disappearance from public life of tbe statesman who had led the party In tbe electoral battle would not entail tho resignation of tbe Cabinet. His place would be filled up, and the Ministry would ask for, and, as a matter of course, receive, the support of the Parlia mentary majority returned to endorse its policy. Unfortunately for France, while she has borrowed much of out Parliamentary system, she haa quite failed to develop tbo party system which Ltlal to its effective working. There Is not enough cohesion amongst the colleagues of M. V aldecx - Ko casxAC to enable them to keep office for a month without hia aid. The majority in the Chamber is probably divided still more. All Its members have, no doubt, certain principles in common, for all of tbcm - re loyal to tbe Republic ; but the tie which bound them togethei into a working majority for Parliamentary pur poses was the personal influence of tbe Premier. With bis resignation it is dissolved, and the majority is temporarily reduced to its M. ALDECx - liocssEAC, it is said, considered hia mission to be tbe defence ot tbe Republic and the restoration ot order. Those end he regards as accomplished, and therefore, it is explained, be holds his Immediate resignation to be justifiable and necessary. It may be both, bat tbe explanation, as it stands, is not very convincing. Tbe President, we have been told, at first utterly refused to hear of M. W aldecx - Rocsbkao's retirement. Tbe whole Republican majority were strongly opposed to it. The chief leaders of tbe Radicals seemed to be of tbe same mind. M. Leon Bochobois, tbe most prominent politician of that group, who has been looked upon In some quarters as the most promising candidate for the next vacancy in the Premiership, haa recently affirmed in the clearest terms that, while he would serve in any depart - under the present Premier, he would not take office at all in a Cabinet over which M. Waldeck - Kocs&xac did not preside. It is not, therefore, for want of promises of effective support in the Chamber that the Prime Minister retires. Oar Paris Correspondent to think that the position of his colleague in the Cabinet may have contributed largely to his decision. Almost all of them, it is said, except M. Delcabsh and M. Letgces, would have been obliged to resign in any case. It is perhaps ignlS cant that tbe reason why M. Miller and. the Socialist, is believed to contemplate this step is the "will of his party." M. Waldecx - Kocsbeau might have found it hard to retain hia control Chamber without tbe support of the Socialists. Whatever be the real reasons for hia retirement, it will be deeply regretted in this country, where the merits of his administration and the real services be did France were realised and appreciated. Unlike the most distinguished of his predecessors, Thiers, Gambetta, and Ferrt, he resigns in the moment of victory, and not of defeat. That fact may have an important bearing upon his future and on the future of !r2ttr. and of the P s express their gratification the visit Mb. Winston Chcrchill is not alone in feeling concern at tbe growth of public expenditure in recent years. We all ot us feel it. No publio expenditure for it own sake. There is no thoughtful man who does not feel that its rapid and continuous growth of late is, however necessary, a necessary evil at tho best. We moat all feel some sympathy, too, with Mb. HChcechill's desire to check tbe evil, even if its remedy be entirely beyond bis reach It is hia hereditary right we might almost call it hia filial duty to make this subject his own. His father made great personal sacrifices .in this cause, mistaken as we mast hold his method to have been, and ill - timed aa his action certainly waa. " A careful and continuous study of " national finance, of the startling growth of " expenditure, of national taxation, : ' and endurance, haa brought me to the con - " elusion, from which nothing can turn me, that " it is only the sacrifice of a Chancellor of the " Exchequer upon tbe altar of thrift and econon " which can rouse the people to take stock their leaders, their position, aad their future. So wrote Lord Randolph Chcbchill, in the famous letter to Loan Salisbcxt in which, "with " nrofound res - ret. bat without doubt or besita - tian." he took leave of the Government at the I is greatly in excess of what I can consent ' te." What would he say now, when the for tbe Navy alone amount te a larger i a practical itstssmen he most have that the national expenditure on OB defensive services cannot be reduced at will, that It cannot he fixed by a rigid and arbitrary standard or " thus far and no further," that it most be determined from time to time by the ehiagiag and apparently ever - growing requirement of tbe nation. Assuredly he could not have grudged say expenditure even to CoB - dxn's hlstorio hundred millions which might be shown to be necessary for the security of this country's unique position on tho seas. Bat probably he would have held now, as be held in very necessity of increasing oar national expenditure to meet our national re quirement and to safeguard oar national interests Imposed upon us an obligation equally in defeasible to see that not a penny of this in creased expenditure waa wasted, that at least wo ware getting our money's worth for our . And perhaps he might repeat his famous at Whitby, in 1887, that, if he could see great departments of tbe State filled by men who thoroughly believed In a possibility of economy, he would make millions for the service of tbe State oat of economy, retrenchment, and depart mental reform, and would guarantee that we might have 50 per cent, more efficiency In our public services than we have at the present This we understand to be, in the main, the position taken up by his son, though his utter ances In the House of Commons and hia letter to Mb. Bali - ocr, which we printed yesterday, are rattier obscurely expressed, and more than a little vague on tho subject of practical measures and remedies. Mb. Chcbchill seems to hold, as his father held before him, that there is too much waste and too little efficiency In the public departments, and that the percentage of waste, avoidable and unavoidable, is only too likely to Increase with the steady increase of public expenditure. It is more doubtful, perhaps, whether be holds, as his father held before him, that tbe policy which has entailed all this vast expendi ture is open to revision and might with advant age be revised. It seems to us to bo indisput able, for the reasons given by Ma. Baltoob in the House of Commons, and reiterated in the' letter we printed yesterday, that this question is one which cannot possibly be referred, with any profit to the State, to any committee outside the Government itself. It Is a question ot high policy, the responsible treatment of which can be entrusted only to the Government, subject to tbe ultimate sanction and control of tbe House of Commons and tbe country at large. Nothing short of a change of opinion in the country, reflected in the House of Commons, could justify the Government in retreating from the policy, too tardily adopted, of keeping our defensive ervlcea on a level of sufficiency and efficiency ideqaate to the nation's requirements. We should regard any such change of opinion as deplorable, and even disastrous, and since, In any case, it must entail a change of Governiuent, it is self - evident that no such change can be, or ought to be, effected by a mere committee, how ever authoritative and influential. However, the actual reference to the committee which Ma. Chcbchill desire to aee appointed is much narrower and leas ambitious than this. It is to " consider and report whether the present method " of controlling and allocating expenditure In and " between the various public departments is the " beat that tan be devised." Unless tbe various public departments are very much maligned, certainly unless they have improved almost beyond recognition since Lord Randolph Chtbchill's time and the issue of the report on which he founded his most effective criticisms, most people wOl think that this question must needs be answered on its merit in tbe negative. Nevertheless Mb. Baltocb baa advanced in his letter some very cogent reasons for questioning the expediency of appointing a committee to consider it. He has himself expressed, on behalf of the Government, a desire for some reform of our Parliamentary machinery for checking waste, " if waste there be " ; and he haa given notice of a motion for a Select Committee to advise on the beat way of effecting this object. But, in appr - at uncertainty as to Ma. Churchill's precise meaning and purpose, he attributes more ambitious aim than that of the Government, and criticixes with much point and cogency his opinion that " a Parlia mentary inquiry would provide a counter influence to the pressure of all kinds and from all quarters which is put upon tbe Government to Incur fresh liabilities. Mb. Chcrchill appears not to have clearly thought oat and faced the very large issues with which be is essaying to deal. He is we all are, at the portentous growth of publio expenditure and would fain do thing to check it. But be does not seem to hsve up his mind, as his father would have done before entering on so arduous a campaign, how far tbe increase is due to national policy which he is prepared to impugn, and how far to departmental extravagance, which be thinks it expedient, as we all do, to check. He shrinks from directly impugning the national policy to which undoubtedly by far the largest portion of tbe increase of expenditure is due. He really seems almost to be " willing to wound, and yet afraid " to strike " an attitude which bespeaks either some lack of courage or some confusion of thought. If, however, he merely desires to check departmental waste, ho has so far shown little for thinking that his own um obtaining this laudable object is preferable to that of Mb. Baltocb. Departmental gance is, for the reasons adduced by Mja. Baltocb, probably rare in these days. Departmental waste. due to antiquated methods and a plentiful lack of efficiency, is, on tbe other hand, probably almost a common as it was when Lord Randolph Chcbchill, taking hia facts from the reports of committees and Commissions innumerable, ex posed it so ruthlessly and, we moat add, with so little permanent effect. All that coram and Commissions ran do has been done over and over again ; but the Circumlocution, Office would seem to be more than a match for them all. If tbe united wisdom of Mb. Bali - ocr aad Mb. Chcrchill. concentrated on points in which they aad all of us concur, can bring that wonderful institution once more to book and expose its still surviving shortcomings, tbe cohntry wOl be all the more grateful because it really last to be alive to the efficiency in the public service, anil i r the The Attobnet - Oenxbaj, recent answer to M question put to him sa to Ue state of business in tbe Law Courts is the moat satisfactory given by a law officer for a long thaw beak. Usually the official reply to questions of this kind is cearteoaaly evasive or apologetic. Ousaetlwrs it ia what lawyers call a dilatory plea. That given by the Attoenet - Genebal waa a frank confession that aa to certain matters the existing state of things la indefeasible. Even ia the denuded condition of the Bench during las sittings, wito several j odgea on circuit, two could not And suits Ue Courts within tbe present bufld - Mb. Jcsticx Gbahtham, when trying the inquiry as to Mrs.Cathcact sanity ,waa beholden to the Benchers of Lincoln's Inn for a Court. Ma. Jcsticx Swinfem East sat in a room quite unsuited for any trial in which tbe parties aad counsel happen to be numerous. When the Judges who are on circuit return to town there will be no available accommodation for them ; and this inconvenience will recur several times every year. More Judges, we are often told, are wanted In London ; they mixht as well remain In the country trying cases of mueb the same magnitude as those tried in County Courts it there is no accommodation for them here. This defect, often pointed out in these columns, is only one ot many of a like kind. Constructed with imperfect reference to their purpose, the iloyal Courts are in many respects all that they ought not to be ; ill - ventilated, ill - planned to many details, with ample spaco where it not needed, parcimony where tbe reverse would have been seemly, and, to speak broadly, with scanty appreciation of the incidents of the administration of justice. To - day the original sin in the conception of tbe building stands out. And tbe evil has been aggravated by changes, natural and indeed inevitable, which are in pro gress in legal business, hven a building which was suitable for the methods and requirements ef 1870 might in these days be i n some ways ant iquated. It matters not that care is taken, as it never was before, to keep, so far as possible, circuit cases to the circuits. Judges may, when witnesses from Durham or Birmingham come before them in the Royal Courts, sternly ask why Middlesex jury men should be troubled with the quarrels of the people of Durham or Warwickshire. They may threaten to punish in costs the parties responsible for tbe choice of the forum. These censures and threats do not much divert the flow of busi - to London. Convenience is too strong a determinant, the prejudice in the minds of many solicitors against a trial at assizes is too common ; and so we most count upon the probability that, unless there is some change in the legal system, the ansuitability of tbe Courts for their present business will be more and more accentuated. Perhaps it is but just to add that, if the arrangements in tbe Royal Courts are open to criticism, the condition of seme of tbe County Courts is much worse. Even (n districts where the business is large and the fees paid by suitors more than cover working expenses, tbe Courts are mean and squalid, constructed with small regard to the comfort, to say nothing of the dignity, of the Judges, with no proper accommodation for witnesses, snd with indifference to the prejudices of the " classes " in favour of cleanliness. Justice, to be sure, may be perfectly pure though tbe air which its ministers breathe Is fetid. It may shine out amid dost and dirt. We mention these facts only to show that the problem cf housing Judges and suitors haa, aa to all Courts, been so far imperfectly con sidered. A ttor net - Central said that there were only two possible remedies evils which be admitted addin g lize of the Law Courts or remodelling the ircuits and that for hia part be preferred tho latter. " Four or Ave more Courts will required for the accommodation of tbe Judges unless the existing arrangementa of circuits can be entirely remodelled so as to ensure greater uniformity In the number of Judges in town, which, in my opinion, is very desirable." These words give for the first time for yean a ray of hope that things will not be permitted to drift on indefinitely, and that the question of the circuit tyst which Sib Robebt Finlat thinks should be entirely remodelled," will be at last taken in hand. That ray of Lope ia net very bright. Tbe forces that Aght against change are well organized ; those in favour ot it work fitfully and timidly. Again and again haa this matter been pressed, to little purpose, upon the authorities iponsible for tbe circuit arrangements, by those whose right to speak admitted of no question. The General Council of tbe Bar, for example, in 1899 made a careful study of tbe facts, and as to both civil and criminal business condemned the existing system as faulty and out of date. It la usually sap - posed that the strong point ot that system is its merit in tarnishing satisfactory tribunals In criminal cases. The council thought other wise. " Tbe council are of the opinion that the criminal business at tbe assizea under the present circuit system is carried on at a great waste of judicial time and energy, that prisoners aro kept waiting for their trial in gaol for unreasonable lengths of time, and that many innocent persona are thus punished without trial, and that even the guilty arc WTXDS0Ot9TIJa,Marm Bis Royal Hichassa Prises Arthur of Cooaaacht 1st tteOsOfor AJdsrshot. Rls Eiilocy Rossis Ambassador sad Ms tor Osasrsl Sir Arthur Ellis bavs slso Bia Royal Birtess ths Priaos of Wslss, stteadsd by BBS nSSSJ E! zgf! snd Msreoisa ritsateswl, sad taa L!y t ta Castle, sad with Their Msjsstiss' (Best slready stsying st the Castle bad the r ox owing wiu ids King sad Qwen. Prsaci and tho Hon. Lady Kaolin, ihs Rsr. Caaoa sad Mis. Dai too, sad th Ladia said GanUssscr ia Waiting cad la aoaear of taiag iaclodsd ia Thau jsajasua aianer party. uf Stat fur la Col - .. i into th Park sad witoasssd th orri:a drill of th 2nd Lifs Guards, who wsro paraded und - r Coiosl Sir AodUy Xss'd. Shortly aftarwsrds tba rt - oral returned to Comisraser Barracks, wher ths K.ng. who is Coloarl - Ji - Chif ef lh regiment, sill cuas to - n.2ht witii Lb oSlcen. The King has sent a number of exhibits to tbe Exhibition at Cork from Windsor Great Paxt.aad photo - xntAs Illustrative of ta forestry of th park. Tbe King sent a china cross representing white Col! in fun ger to her 1st MisiT. which look alac aftsroooo st CUrwsr. Mr. H. Chsnd'er, apenr.tenJet.: ut U Bang s robes, and Mr. J. Biscksura, laa King j sttsard, represented his Majesty. Yesterday evening the King and Queen bad another dinner party at tba Castle. Tbe string band of the 2nd Lite Guaidi played daring dinner. Tbe King and Queen will open tbe Roval Military Toonaant st tba Royal AsTlcolturJ - bll"to - till be tba displays by th shssssl fini - . ivsd in this country from India a day or - o ago, sad the Army gymnastic stag, the moa nd bv the Rovsl Hons. llnasaW sMlTh. si by " X " Batury. Kojal Horse Artillery. The performance will tab place st tba more convenient hours si 3 P.m. and 9 p.m. daily, which will allow laaant su residents to reach tb Agricultural - hall in greater comfort than ia previous years. Sean buy be secured at the lioyal Military Tournament box - oftca. Royal AgriculturalAgricultural - hall (Barford - streat entrance), aad E Great Scotland - yard, slso st the various agenaiea, for th opening sad all other perforraaace. To meet tba damanosof the publio 300 mors reserved seats bavs bean add xi tat the opening day. The Queen and members of tbe Royal Family drove out yesterday afternoon ia Windsor sad taa Prince Arthur of Connsneht. who has hren Windsor yesterday aftemooe by tb Ltedoa sad'Sou'ti - their Majesties. Princess Henry of Batten bei was d resent at th Opera last night. Prince Christian has arranged to leave London oa th 9th last, for Walsall. The German Kmneror left Potsdam vesterdav afternoon for Chateau Urviil. near Mats. A low mass in honour of the accession of DJ Alfonso .Mil. will hm r.Ukr.t - 1 rh rmil;r Church, Church - sUoet, Kensington, at noon to - dsy. Tbe will be followed bv a solemn T The Spanish Ambassador aad tba .tad of the Embassy wOl be The Belgian Minister for Foreign Affairs hat been oCcially informed of th Shah's approaching, viai: to Belgium. According to pnmal ainagiineili the Shah will only visit Antwerp, where preparations are already in ptograas for giving his Msjdsty fitting recep - Count and Countess Ilatxfeldt are now among the King's visitors, sad war included ia last Bights dinner party. A marriage haa been arranged between Earl Beaochamp sad Lady Lattice Grosvenor. Ilia Excellency Don Felix Avellno Aramayn has returned to London aad resumed his duties as Rav'oy Katrsordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of Bolivia st tb Court of St. Jasaas'a ; Commodore the Hon. Fled worth Lambtoo, C.B., A.D.C., will preside at tba annual dinner of the ofacers of his Majesty's yacht on , Jus , st which Resr - Admiral the Prince of Wslss will be present, st ta Grand Hotel, Trsfalgar - squsrs. j Sir John Stirling - Maxwell, M P.. Sir Albert Rollit, M.P., Lady Trevor. Lady Stirtieg - Maxwall, Lad, Settrington, and Lady Ryder have recently baea elected Fellows of th Rosl Horticultural Society. Sir Frederick Treves haa seen Dr. Caleb Scott, the chairman ot the Congregational Union, sad tb aaxt fortnight. The Hungarian Pi has sent a telegram i rMunkett, Britiah Amheai SI the desta St Mr. Col suitable reply toMSi We understand that Sir Cbibeben Lo - Fang - Luh, tba outgoing Chinese Minister to Great Britain, has received a high oSce at th Court of Peking, about the Person cf the fcmperor. Ihe position is one that usually the highest sask, Mi Hal! idsVfacajrt atbtTmcntaij to the Chinese Legation ia London, has received from tba Emperor the ant class of the Double Dragon. Lord and Lady Kelvin have returned from America to 13, Eaton - place. Mr. and Mrs. Frederick VI fliers and Miss Freds ViUiars have returned te IS, Cadogso - square, from Italy. Mrs. Molyneux will rive a morninz concert. organised by Mr. Francis Korfaay.at tlx Kensington, on Thursday, June 13, ia ai Tbe appointment of Mr. Jaxeea Forsyth to be a Crofter Commissioner, ia tb room of Mr. Willi Uoaack, resigned, is snaovmrad ia hast Bight's Jzttt. The appointment of Mr. David Alexander Duncan to be ordinary dark in tba Bill Cminshar Of tb Court of Sees inn In lb room of Mr. Charles Edgar operation moat be performed during rime Minister. M. SzeU. - f r. nd. to , - ir Franc. j Thornton, Britiah Consul - Isiliisssiliraaaiilihiajila in aid of the ' Chare igned, ia gaiefted. waste of time snd of tbe High Court in trying eases which might well be left to a Judge of tbe second rank ; and it asked that a Royal Commission or a departmental committee appointed by tbe Home Office should inquire into the whole subject and examine tbe various suggested schemes of reform. That report waa brought to the attention of the authorities, but without any substantial results. Is it permissible to bope that the protests cf the Bar and of the great body of solicitors are at Last to bear fruits T Will a phalanx cf petty interests always bar tbe way ? Tbe present Lobo Cbikt Jcsticx haa, during the short time in which he haa presided over the C Law Courts, made improvements which his pre decessors failed to erect. Be could help to carry out none which would be more valuable than tbe adjustment on modern lines of the circuit system which the Attobxxt - Gbbxbax, thinks should be " entirely remodelled. ' attain it aa far a e feelings of afaaa to sharing Mr. Baltocb s a efficiency ia very often only another na hurt ia the process. Whether be a decrease or aa increase of expenditure, we doubts. for y the natural result of what Loan Randolph Cbcbcbill called " niggardly " paring aad Treasury crabbedneaa." tbeless, tbe fact remains that Loan Rasdoltb Chcbchill profeaaed to be convinced that he could country by ta asatamaa aow The Docxxbb" Union. The triennial meeting of dalasntw iiaii atlsg tbe Dockers" Caioa was opened at Swansea, yesterday, Mr. Baa TiBett, taa eSdtasTl tb mors practical sw the need of eJeeev relation with tb workers' representatives. This bad practically resulted ia tb abolition of strike, as wall as adding The funeral service of tbe late Lieu tenant - General O. W. T. Rich. C.K., will lake place to - morrow, tb md bast., at 12 noon, at Su pater's Church, CTanley - gardens, aad afterwards at Brossptoa Caaastary. The body of tb St. Cnthberfs. I ing, and yesterday there w :w.t OrvvwAL Railway Woajntrta' rvrnt. Th General Railway Workers' Union coatitraad its triermial meeting at NewcasUa yesterday. Mr. Thorns Grimshaw, uf Kensal - grera. occupied th chair, la his Ills II, which had been postponed from tbe previous day, be ssM that during ths past three years the union bad practi - cally rfuluUsedconsjUaitkm, both ssregards gratulate taamaalvee upon taatr BTssaat liuillli a. Tbey had mad up much lost ground since taatr atsl meeting e lot of tie railway worker. There was. however, much still to be effected in th way of improvement. As jastificstion of Britiah trad unions mm uwiea near w imrnm, mey penu mors ua benefits than oa strike and lock - outs. Referring to th be said mat in railway TaR Vale dssssuoa. ra - iwat It from tb change. Until tba law was altered, aow - , trad sasiaeu ought to as to their rule and rise car. Tb ehipping combination had show tb I for the federation of trade unions. The dile sal nrard silts BSil BSmmls agatnat darislo esf ths executive council. Oa appeal bad lafaraaa HcuBTjrr Cab. The Liverpool police as, arte are beast axat hi eeauaasioa with anmifli aaialiealell 1 f, ease rt ad thai on aBiaadaj Mi hi i lawali ill sal hwaBSBi of Trad Csiosa. Ia reord to I SByftrTTT"Brawt iiBstrsttrmlai industrial ail In. k coacludadby iailiitilia Ok Mad " slowing down " policy, be . there waa no chance of slowing much had been made of tb 1 to him tbst oa or tare If tba. borT brother. Pas Arnlp - , - by bearing Prexern party. ht by this Urn Ihwy bad row. Tb. SVt Cooaad - JMpolowareaioeTiss.wmsssd: ... - - , s.. . - u - TTT XT.. . .
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