Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on February 12, 1895 · Page 4
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February 12, 1895

Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 4

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Tuesday, February 12, 1895
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John Gray's CORNER ON HOSIERY! Tho best hone for tho money ever ihown in Logansport, wo buy our hoeo direct from tha factories for Hash, so you have no jobbers profit to pay- Please como at once and oblige. State Nationa Bant Lo?aiiH|)orf, Indiana. CAPITAL $200,000 1. V. JOIIHBON, I>HKS. 8. V. UM.KU", VlOB FBK3 H. T. BKITHHINK, CASH™!. —UIKKCTOIiS.—• 1. IT. Johnson S. W. UUory, J. T. EUlott, W, H, Elliott, W. II. Snider. Bay and sell Government Bonds, Loan moDey on personal security wad collaterals. Issue special oer- UfloateB of deposit bearing 8 per cent when left one year; 2 per cent per annum when deposited 6 months. Bozos in Safety Deposit Vaults oJ this bank for the deposit of deeds, Insurance policies, mortgages and other valuables, rented at from ffi to $15 per year HOYT'S Sure Cure lor Piles. DAILY JOURNAL lieci even day In the weeJc (except Monday) by tbe LoaisspoBT JDUBNAL Co. W.-S WRIGHT A. HABUY C. W. GRAVES s. B. VICI PRKSrDINT 8KCHETAKT. TRKASCRKR Price pep Annum Price per Month $8.OO GO THE OFFICIAL PAPER or THE Cm. [Entered as second-class mattm at the LOBEEB- port ?onl Omce, February 8, 1SS8.1 LinnRTYCwrntK.0., Veb, 15, 180-1. ImnsthHiirtllyrncomiiiKni! "Hort'fl Sure dire fcr Piles" to nil who .tullur from tills nunoylrjp: aJse.'iso laulfHreu ivltli 1'llaiforyonrn. unit t'led fBTloii;! reiiioilliw, none of wnlcli uUonlnl more •inn temporary relli't. Adont six iiionihs ago I •rocurou oiitMiibtiof Hoyt'sS T« Cure lac Wleo ind nspd It iiMonliiiu "> dlrfctlcnx two weeks, i\t ..Hie end of wliloh time tl'e ulcers dl.TOi penred niul Save not tlnio returned. I belluv* the euro Is •Omplete. I>. 9- MIBis. For Sale by Bon Flshor. Lake Erie & Western, Porn Onion Station, ThrouKli ttclct>ts aolil to points In llio United •totes uuJ Ci:iuul:t. SOUTH. Arrive. Ho. 21 Indianapolis T.x... D . Wo. 2S Mull * KxprreW S ll:23a m JJo. 25 Toledo Kinross, S No. 2V KvuiilNK Kspross S 8:10 p m No 161 Locul >'rol*hitt -J.-'S P m NORTH.? Arrive. Depart. Depiitt. 10:J2am •I :-15 p m So.'SO Mill it Kxpross S 10:12 u m NO. 22 illulilmn City D" 4:30 p m HO 24 Detroit Kxpross S 8:55 p in No. 150 Accoioinoilnclon at- • < :00 a m D. Bnltj-, S. Dally except Snndn)-. •No 22 di'es not ran north ot fr>' n Sunilnys. fKuns iloniliu's, Wednesdays 1'UiiHjs unit Sun- ttUnns Monday, Tuesdny, Thursday nnd Sntur- iny. . Union depot connections lit Bloomlngton nnd Feortii for piMnts west, southwest mid nortliwest. Dliwt connectlonn nuid« ut Limn, Fosiorla, Fremont or ^nndnsh) lor nil points east. Immediate connections nt Tlpton with trains in Main Line and I. it M C. Dlv., for tUl points Rortli. tiouik. Fast and West. lor tickets. rau« und titfriCTftl Imornnuicm rail .« THOS. FOLLKN, TlcKft Agent L. E. * W. B'y f«, Indiana. C. FREE Open Day and Evening OBSERVANCE OF LINCOLN DiY. Today Is Lincoln Day, end io many cities in tho land it will be fittingly celebrated by assemblages called in honor of the great emancipator. Eighty-six years ago today in a log cabin In Hardin County, Kentucky,the immortal Lincoln was born. The history of the preatest of -Americans is known to all. Time only series to make his memory dearer to all lovers of liberty and the human race. H'-s greatnesi will continue to be rtore and more recognized not only in the land which be preierved in time of danger but throughout the world. The tlma will soon como when the birthday of Lincoln will be observed as a national holiday. The Minnesota legislature last week passed the bill providing for the observance of the day as a legal holiday in Ihat State beginning next year. This is abutting tlma to reproduce the eloquent wordi of Lin. ooln delivered at tho Gettysburg battle field on^Nov. 19, 1863, which will ever live. The address, which follows, will beteDgraved on a tablet soon to be placed on the spot where Lincoln spoke the words: "Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived In liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal, Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and BO dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great bat- tie field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of tkat Held, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives Qthat that cation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. But in a larger eenee, we cannot dod 1- cate—we'cannot consecrate—we can no: hallow—this ground. The braye men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far abote our poor power to add or detract. Tho world will little note, nor long remember, what we soy hero, but it CAD never forget what they did here. I; is for us, the living, rather, to be dadicated here to tho unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be hero dedicated to the groat task remaining before us—that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion —that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died In vain —that this nation, under God, shall have a now birth ot freedom—and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not per* Ish from the earth." Highest of all in Leavening P'owcr.—Latest U, S. GoVt Report Baking Powder PURE gliler Sae, NO GOVEEN5IENT. Kansas Tovra That Has Municipal Officers. HOTT Unmbolilt Ji:anaj?r» to Avoid rVj- • Debt Contracted Nearly TW*IIT>- Te»m A so—History of tho Affair. 616 BROADWAY. Welcome To All. WANTED. ^nrANTED—inintelHwntactlremsn or lady to ; >'ff trovel for rril«ble honn* wlt'h expenses paid. 8*l»Jj|flW. Adnuicwnent for Talthlol and sac- nl work. Ret«rence. Enclose sell Rddrwted ped envelope. Secretary, Lock Dmvrer p AMBASSADOR BATARD and some other representatives of this country abroad are urging 1 that their salaries be Increased. They claim that they cannot represent this country In a creditable manner and live on a salary of $17,500 a year. When Benjamin Franklin wai in Parla in the interest of the American government, he walked to many of tho receptions tendered hlm'and did not demean himself thereby in the eyes of the French nobility. John Adami and Thomas Jefferson, who went abroad to secure favorable treaties for their country, managed to live on much smaller salaries than our ambassadors now receive. While not well furaisbed with money they, however, possessed that which money cannot supply, and which our present representatives abroad lack—brill iani intellect. 41 0* » dn» to ageuiUselling ib« Roynl White * MeUl Plater or taking orders for ptat- Trailo secrets, fomralu, receipts, eti., ibed frw A Ttood agent can nwKe two to UHxuand dollars per ;mr with toe Boyal For terms, «tc., »ddms tiiay A Co., Worki, Corotibua, Onto. Of much Interest is the report recently issued detailing- the number of casualties on Lakes Michigan. Erie, Superior, Huron and Ontario, and connecting rivers during 1894. Forty- four vessels were lost with their car. goes, Imro'vlng a lost of $843,243. Sixty-eight vessels and cargoes were damaged to the amount of $849.544. The live* sacrificed numbered 68. The losses of last year showed a saving »f 47 per cent, oa vessel property and 28 per cent, on lives over the year before. The town ol Uumboldt, Kan., organized city of the third class'with fifteen hundred people, and for eighteen years there has not "been a municipal officer in the town, although the city election boon held every year. Thereby hangs a tale, told by the Memphis Commercial Appeal. And us it contains a warning against the voting of bonds and going inio debt it slioukl be told. In the spring- of 1870 there was projected south from Junction City to Parsons a railroad called the southern branch of the Union PaeLfle. numbolclt was not a young town then, but bond voting was the fashion, and Humboldt, which, was old enough to know better, voted bonds to the extent of one hundred and seventy-five thousand dollars for the road. Not satisfied with this debt, in 1870 the town voted twenty- five thousand dollars to the Fort Scott, Humboldt & Western, a road known in the west as the "Old Fifth Parallel." This road was graded from Fort Scott to Bumbo!dt, but it was never equipped. The grade may be seen to-day by passengers riding along the Missouri Pacific. But the grade did not bring the flood of trade that was expected, and the bonds being sold to the usual "innocent purchaser," the town began to skirmish around the courts to keep from paying an unjust debt. The inevitable came, and In 1876 the town as a legal corporation dissolved into thin air. When the officer of the court came to Humboldt in 1S70 to compel the mayor to turn over the interest due on tho bonds he found that, although there had been a red-hot election the spring before, and although there was a man there called mayor, there -was in deed and in legal truth no mayor at nil. Tho situation has remained ths same for eighteen years. In two years more tho debt will be outlawed. Tnen Humboldt is coming up to breathe the free air once more as a municipal corporation. At present the programme is written upon a "tangled web." Every year the mayor and cit}- council are elected. Tho old administration retires and the new administration comes in—only it; doesn't. It comes to tho threshold, but;., it doesn't enter. It does not "qualify." The council meets without taking the oath of office. The mayor 'is merely chairman of a committee of citizens —the council—and the meetings of the committee arc held regularly. Ordinances arc passed giving the city marshal and the street commissioner power to keep tho town orderly and clean. The council cannot handle any public money. The little money used by tho council is raised by private subscription among the residents of tho town, and as it does go through any red tape macliine and us everyone who pays these volunteer taxes knows just how much ho pays for everything, the money Is not squandered. It is, in fact, a business administration. The city marshal is only a fiat functionary. As city marshal he has po.wer to do nothing except scare sa'a,. "ooys who tlirow' melon rinds in the alleys and to notify owners of pig pens to clean up, but as constable of Humboldt township he can arrest men nnd enforce the laws as well as the best policeman in the world. The street commissioner has no power, save with the consent of the people, whose property he grades up or down. He 'is a sort of advisory board. The city clerk issues licenses to show which are elearly fiat, and his records of the proceedings of the council would have no weight in any court. None of these appointive, officers qualify. The whole machinery of administration in the little town is carried on by common consent. The present mayor—the man who was elected, but who nas not qualified, and will not—is W. T. McElroy, editor of the Humboldt Union. Mr. McElroy has been in the little town for thirty years, and his paper is twenty-nine years old. He thinks when the citizens get out of this hole the man who offers to vote a bond on the town site will bo hanged. He says that tho city stands ready to compromise with the "innocent purchasers" of the bonds for exactly what the purchasers are alleged to have paid, twenty-five cents on the dollar. This proposition, he declares, has been made and rejected several times. Every few months an officer from some court tries to find funds of the extinct corporation in some bank in i the county. Not long Ego the officer tried lola. But so far the courts have been nnable to get the funds. The little town seems to have the best of the contest, and only time will release it from the trouble. WARRIORS OF OLDEN TIMES, firntill ">!!.il,»"« Alonzslile tho Stalwart .Men of T':,'-e Cuter £>:iy*. , According to tho populsr opinion wo men of the present, umo r.re singularly do!rcner:iU.'<l :isd an? nothing more than diminutives and reductions of the men of rnciiiuval times. It is said that the warriors oi that period were giants, cijiil in iron, nnd tiuxt their muscles were of stool. T hut is what the legend savs, and w!i:il nu:irly everybody repeats. We might conSne ourselves to an invocation to logic in this case. In medieval times hygiene was deplorable. Thu barons ate t'..>o much and the peasants did not eat enough. Gymnastics were neglected and bnthing was little known. The populations were Crowded in towns and villujres. Tbo castles were practically barracks and the cottages huts. There was a need of pure air everywhere. From this manner of living there resulted, necessarily, deplorable gent-rations. Our learned physiologists, after having' measured hundreds of skeletons, testify that the men of our times are from one to two centimeters tailor than the men of the middle ages. But the bones of our ancestors" are not tho only testimony left by them in regard to their stature. We also possess their war garments. We have measured several of them, and it turns out that we appear not only to have grown taller since the time when they wera manufactured, but onr shoulders could never fit into the steel corsets of our so-called athletic forefathers. Moreover, this proof has been made on more than one occasion. The Comte de Nieuwerkerke, superintendent of the museums under the second empire, wishing to put on the armor of Francis I., tho largest of all in the Museum of Artillery, was obliged to give it up. It was too little for him. And, nevertheless, the comte, although a fine man, was in no sense a giant. And here is another example: At Soleuro, in Switzerland, recently, on the occasion of a gymnastic tournament, the young men, wishing to close the festivities ~by a procession with historical costumes, asked the authorities for permission to borrow the arms and armor of tho arsenal, which possessed a remarkable collection of them, and the permission was granted. But it is evident that their ancestors, people of little foresight, never thought of their grandchildren, and these grandchildren were unable to put on the armor. It was too small for them. And now let us see what Machiavelli says of the Swiss, for the latter, also according to tho legend, passed for giants among the giants, and, if we were to take the testimony of the pictures, their stature was herculean. After havi ng celebrated the valor of the Swiss troops who fought in Italy in his time, the Italian adds: "They were all little men, dirty and ugly." | History may perhaps be right in declar- ] ing that thn battle of Marignan was a combat of giants, but- the combatants were not gigantic. So much for the stature of our ancestors. Now, as to their strength, we have no other proof beyond the weight of the OF BOYS Overcoats and Ulsters. Don't let your boys freeze when we will sell you a good Overcoat for $1. Remember we mean to sell these goods at Your Own Price BUY NOW! HARRY FRANK, TO BB SURB. LOGrANSPORT. DELPHI. LORA.. NEW YORK. POWER TRANSMISSION. The Day Near When Electric Energy Will Bo Sent Hundreds of Mile*. There is no subject which at present more strongly excites the interest ol practical men than tho problems connected with the generation and transmission of mechanical power. Some ,' ratio ol three-quarters of a pound of I coal to one actual or available horse- i power of energy for the period of one I hour. The average consumption by '• existing steam plants Is said to b<5 not j loss than 6ve pounds of fuel for tho ' same actual power during tho samo | time. On the basis of English, dis- ' tances there would be a loss oa tho months ago it was suggested that we i transmission ol this electric energy from the Derbyshire or Staffordshire of the men-of-arms. "What enormous strength they must have possessed to be able to move about loaded with metal!" So say the innocent bourgeois, wlio, on Sundays, walk through the halls of the Hotel dos luvalides. "Our soldiers of the present time would faint under such fearful burdens." were near the end of the age of steam, and at the beginning of the age of electricity. That statement was accom- I panied by somo remarks bearing on i the crude and wasteful methods of j power conversion exemplified in tho j steam engine. The attentive reader ot scientific contributions to tho periodical literature of both hemispheres will find no thought so frequently repeated as this—that the most vital of economic problems is how to develop and transmit mechanical energy with the minimum of loss. A writer in the current number of the Nineteenth Century makes the broad statement that great as have been the influences of tho nsi of steam power on modern life anc civilization, compared with the possi bilities of electric energy as the method of applying- and transmitting power, the influences of steam will, bo come almost trivial. Or converted inti language more closely scientific, i equipment i may bo said that while "the develop metropolis of about S3 per cent., so that the given three-quarters of a p Orn j n -ould be increased to one pound o f combustible per actual horse-power per hour. Thus, the equivalent of one ton of transmitted electrical power delivered in London would be equal to three tons oT rail-transmitted steam co:vl power.—Boston Herald. WATER (N WELLS. nients that have followed the inven tion of that imperfect instrument for converting heat into work by th agency of steam—the steam engine— have been ot untold advantage to the human race, the application of modern thermodynamics and clectrotchnics is destined to produce a still greater Now in the first place the harness of j change and amelioration in the condi- the knights was very much lighter 1 tions of the commercial, industrial and than it was supposed to have been, home life. "If J were only a juuge!" exclaimed the young man, as he picked himself up at the foot of the front steps, and looked up at the closing door, clenching his fiats and gritting his- teeth ferociously. "And what would you do if you were one?" asked a sympathetic passer-by, stopping to help brush off the dust. "Fine that confounded old fellow $50 for contempt of court!" the young man. answered, viciously. And then he straightened the chrysanthemum in his buttonhole and sadly walked away,—Somerville Journal. supposed to have been. According to one of the catalogues of the Museum of Artillery the weight of the complete armor did not, as a rule, exceed fifty pounds, and, inasmuch as those who wore it were horsemen, it was the horse that had to bear the greatest part of the fatigue. But why has this legend become so thoroughly rooted in the mind of the pub,lic? We might content ourselves with the simple reply, because it is a legend. The brain of the public is marvelously prepared for the reception of error, and the crowd advances toward an absurdity just as a duck goes to a pond. But it must be said that humanity, contrary to the .laws of optics, has a, tendency to enlarge everything that, is far off and to belittle that which is close by. Instinctively we are disposed to lift our ancestors upon the backs of our contemporaries. Even Homer, speaking of the athletic games which took place after the death of Patroclus, refers to the strength of the ancients, and Adam is probably tho only man who has not boasted of his ancestors. But let us conclude by saying that it onr grandfathers were to come back to this world again, and, by reason of the military laws, were obliged to pass before the council of revision, many among them would be rejected on account of their small stature. And then if, on leaving the council, they should enter any gymnasium, they would in all'probability be unable to handle the dumbbells that we put up with ease— Paris Figaro. A well-known character in Paris is an old woman, whose breast is literally covered with crosses and decorations, and who is now peacefully engaged as flower seller. Her name isJeanMon- niore, and her honors -were, gamed in the Crimea, at Rome, Gravelotte and at Orleans. On one occasion she rendered valuable service to her country by swallowing a military dispatch of great importance, and so prevented its falling 1 into the hands of the enemy. A womam who has swallowed so" much for her country with dispatch should not be allowed to sup sorrow in her old age. In the popular discussion of this subject, some confusion of thought is apt to arise from the failure to discriminate between what may be called the production of power and its subsequent conversion and transmission. In a fall of water, In the force of the wind, in the combustion of coal, we recognize certain natural agencies which are used in the application of power to industrial uses. Dp to date comparatively recent, the -utility of all of them has been bounded by tha very narrow limits of locality. That is to say, the waterfall turned" only the mill which was connected by a shaft with the wheel to which it communioatod a part of its energy. So with the windmill, and the steam engine, which transformed by the aid of steam the heat energy stored up in the coal into rotary motion. The electrician came, and finally succeeded in demonstrating that power generated in one locality could be transmitted by suitable conductors to considerable distances without any serious loss, and the.possibility of a new scheme of productive organization at once became apparent. Given, in short, the <?co- nomic&l and effective transformation of »nv kind of motive power into electricity and its reconversion into any form of motion, and the extent of the revolution of existing methods became entirely dependent on the distance which can be traversed by what we shall call the electric current, without any serious diminution of the force of the original impulse. The writer in the Xintecnth Century claims that at the distance of one hundred miles there is a loss of not more than 25 per cent of this electrically transmitted power. On that statement ie bases an argnment on the expediency of generating- electrical at the mouth of the pit from which the coal is mined, and transferring it thence to whatever point at which its power may be required. It is claimed that the transformation of fuel into power could be effected in a manner so nearly perfect that there would be » It* Movements Csrefnllj- Noted by Skilled Sciential*. Messrs. Ricco and Arcidiacono have been observing during tho p:ist thrctf years, at tho observatory of Catania, 1 Sicily, the variations of level of tho tho' water in a well, says the Cosmos of Puris. They classify the movement^ into progressive annual movements and' accidental movements, and occupy themselves especially with the latter^ which they subdivide into meteoric and geodynamic. These latter consist of foeblo but marked changes of level,' generally by lowering of the surface)) corresponding to various movements oi the ground. Shortly before the eruption of Etna in 1S02, and during several months afterward, tbc oscillations of level were extremely irregular. Of S3 earthquakes, 21 caused sudden changes' in the height of the water during- 2-t hours; 15 less marked oscillations also corresponded to notable oscillations of the tronomotcr. Prof. King, in thfl United States, has made observations of the samo nature in Wisconsin. There^ tho oscillations were due not to natural! movements of the ground, but to its' disturbance by heavily loaded traini passing within about 30 yards of tho' well. Under these circumstances tho' water rose invariably sometimes by f quarter of a centimeter (about one* tenth of an inch), but it resumed ita former level after a few seconds. j\n /iulerprlMoif Emjwror. Mal.su into, the Japanese emperor, who recently^ celebrated his forty-second birthday, has £ivcn Japan the telegraph, railroads, ironclads and perfect modern military equipments. Latterly the Japs have been realizing a splendid interest on the investment. How to Kxprettn It. 'I'm so sorry supper isn't ready," said Mrs. Dinsmore to her husband when ic came in. "I attended the meeting' of the sewing circle this afternoon, and [ couldn't get away." "Hemmed in, were you?" asked her jusband.—Detroit Free Press. (WOTIAN'S FRIEND.) is the BEST REMEDY for GIRL, WIFE, MOTHER, •eld bj B F XMtUBCUrf John OoolM..