The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on October 15, 1954 · Page 10
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 10

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, October 15, 1954
Page 10
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PAGE TEN BLYTHEV1LLE (ARK,)' COUUIER NEWS FRIDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1M4 RE VIEW AND FORECAST Antibiotics Fight Against Plant Disease Bj- DOUGLAS LABSEV NEA Staff Correspondent • WASHINGTON - tNEAv — Thft USP of antibiotic "miracle" druiis against plant diseases could cause us big a revolution m aKricnUure as it has in human medicine. This is revealed by the U. S. Department of Agriculture followinp its recent announcement that a sirepiornycin-tprramycin spray had been developed which effectively controls the costly pear blight. The pear blight victory is considered the breakthrough in the new battle of the antibiotics against plant diseases. USDA, British and stntea Rricultuml experts all have launched major research projects in the field during the past 12 months. John C. Dunofjan, tlic USDA pathologist who did most of the work on the pear blight spiny, says: "Several years ago 1 publicly lamented that plant pathologists did not have magic control materials like DDT which are possessed by our entomological colleagues. But the antibiotic materials offer possibilities of disease control we hardly dared dream of 1Q years ago." Attention of USDA experts was first directed to the possibility of antibiotics for plant diseases in 1950 by Dr. Alexander Fleming of England, discoverer of penicillin. English scientists had just begun exploring the field. Bui it h»s only been in the last 12 months thitV major studies have been launched on A wide variety of plant diseases. . High cost and limited supply on ttie drugs are problems in the pic-| ture. but not insurmountable. Last year the U. S. drug industry produced 740 tons of the five most- used antibiotics. Great expansion is possible, with the price corning down through mass production. Further, only relatively small quantities of the drugs — about 38 grams in 100 gallons of water — are needed. Some West Coast growers are Pear Tr«« Gtti Miracl* Drug expected to use the new penr spray next year on their commercial orchards. At the present price of about 20 cents per gram of the crude drug, it's estimated that It will cost about $68 per acre per season to apply. * * • That's economical for many growers because the old-type spray damaged the skin of the pcttrs. forcing growers to sell at R lower price only to canners. The effectiveness of the new spray is proved by a test with 600 Bartlett pear trees. On a group of unsprayed trees there were an aver HRC of nine infceUons in each tree, while in the Urcntcd trees only one infection in every six trees was found. Several lesser known antibiotics have been tried successfully ngninsl apple, tree diseases. A California lesl has shown that a bacterial canker of tomato plants is greatly reduced by soaking the tomato seeds in a streptomycin .solution before planing. Certain potato seed diseases arc being licked the same way. In the tropics studies are under way with an antibiotic called mil- 6» nn for the control of various banana diseases. * • • Tobacco blue mold, a fungus disease, has been controlled in lab Vefits with sprays of streptomycin. Preliminary te.sts indicate a degree of control better than that obtained with the standard treat-men. Blue mold costs tobacco raisers millions of, dollars each year. USDA marketing experts have also tried spraying spinach with an antibiotic before being packed, with the result that it stayed fresh two days longer than normal. Antibiotics to keep perishables fresh longer is a major field being explored. British research has produced comparable results. Their plant experts have discovered that the drugs arc absorbed into the plant systems. This discovery makes spraying easier and cheaper. .The spray docs not. have to cover, the entire surface of a plant to be effective. U. S. research reveals that put- ling the antibiotic into the earth to get it into the plant system, or injecting it into the trunk of a tree, is not ns sai.sfiictory as spraying. But there is still much to be learned about the best method of application of the drugs. Another problem is the effect of the drugs on humans. The experts aren't too concerned about this because of "ic minute amounts of the drugs used. And they could have a helpful effect. Nearly all the scientists working on the projects agree on one point: they have not yet, scratched the surface and a revolution In the treatment of all plant diseases is in the offing. AMENDMENT NO, 46 MB IT KJSSOLVED by the HOLISB or .Representatives 01 ilio Sttuo of Arfc- ansae, and by the Senate; n Mnjor- Uy of nil ths Members Eluded to Bnch House Agreeing Thereto: THAT THE FOLLOWING Is DercDy propo&wJ M an amendment Vo th« Con>- Btltutlon of the State of Arkannnfi, and upon oeing submitted to the electors of the State for npprornj m rejection »i the ncii general eicc- Won lor Representatives and Hen- ttior, If * majority of I no elector* voting thereon, at *>uch an election, adopt* such amend men I, the sumo shall become a part of the Constitution of th» State or Arkansas, tout: SBOTIOH 1 The Biecutlvn Depnrt- menl or IWB State consist of a Governor, Ueuur.Ani Governor, (Secretary of State, Treasurer of Suite. Auditor of State, Attorney General ana Commissioner of State bands, all nl whom shall keep their olllces at ino Beat of GoTcrnment. and hold Iheii or/lew for the term, of two years Mid until shclr FUCccB&ort arc elected md qualified. SECTION 3. The annual Balance ol Bucb State olftcers. which shall be paltl IB monthly installments nhal) be ns follow*: Tha Goturnor, in« sum of FUirrn thousand Dollars itlS.OW.00); th* Lieutenant Governor, tho sum or Three Thousand and Sli Hundred Dollar* (13.600.00); the Secrfcvnry of Stutr. the sum ot Seven Thousand and Two Hundred Dollnn ($7.100.00); th« Treasurer of Stftle. tho "urn of Scten Thousand and Two Hundred Dollars i)7 200 00): the Auditor of Slate, tttc Biim of Seven Thouand »nd Two Hundred Dollars (»7,20p.OO); the Attorney General, the sum ot Eight rncmsand Uotlnri (tfl.UOO.OOl; and tun Commissioner of Stale Lands, ihr sum of Six ThnuMincI DoHsr* (18.000,00) SECTION A rile 8T>uv« mciitlonca State Officers shAll b« elected by tho qualified elector* of the Slutt at IHI-RO at the tlmo of Ih* regular ctul elPtUon vor loUim'toi mem- a of thn General Assembly; the returns of each election iherfffoi aimli bn BcMnd up neparaiolj and transmuted to tho suit of KOTcrnmenl nj iho returning officers not inter than tho last day of Novcmnei ol tha yeai m which Dm election 1* neici and shall br directed to the Speaker of ihti House of Representatives Thn General Arisomblj nrtfcll convene In special nc&Blon on th» l\n\ Mon- dny in Dcccmbci of the ymr In which the members ol fhe Gennrm Assembly are elected Mid shall be In scRilon for a period uol w> «• coed three duyfl. unless called iliw special M-MJlon by the Governor At Mich scbslon ol tt\* Gfi\trnl A.wu- bit. uml upon both Hounee hems organized, the fipcakci of the House of ReprranitiLilvc* shall open and publish the votes CJIB* and given Im each of tho officers hereinbrfore mentioned. In the presence of both Housed of ihc General Asscmuly The SALE! 56 REGISTERED OPEN ANGUS HEIFERS LIVESTOCK SHOWGROUNDS Lillle Rock MONDAY. OCTOBER 18, 1=00 -p.m. TOP QUALITY HEIFERS FROM LEADING ARKANSAS ANGUS BREEDERS Arkansas Aberdeen Angus Association For C:tt:tlogs write: At Prcstridjfe, Marfanna, Ark. person tmTltiR the hlRhcsl number ot TOlea for end) of the respective offices (shall bt declared dulj elected thereto; nnd ulinll Immcdlixlely begin Ills term ol oilier, *>\U H Iwo or more shall be equal, tho highest In rotes for the same uttlcr, one of them nhall by chosen hj K Joint rom of both Houses of ihc OrnerM An- Bembly. anrt n majority of nil tne iit?*rs elected thai) be Dccewiarj lo R cholc«. SUCTION 4 Thr Oenrral Adflftmbiy shiill mrci In rrctilnr ncAfllon of aU- l«0) daya. which need noi On con- limiou.v m thn tent of govern m rut pvery two year* on the ilrsi Monday In February of each odd numbered r until null! time ho changed by Tho mcmbem of , the General emDly flhnll rrcelTfl »« their siUfiry the sum of Twenty-four Hundred Ooi- Ura (12,400.001, rxccpt tho Spcukci of thit House or RppreHeiUnuvrs. who thai! rrcrlre *a his onlnry Twenty(He Hundred ftnd KtllV Dollars U2,- 3SO.OOI for each period of two <2) ycnrs pity n bio ftt MICH time mid Hi aucb mminer *» tho General ARsem- bly miiy determine; ana Hi addition to such salary the members of ihc acnnml Awicmbly nhfill rct'Clvo Ten Cents <10ci per mtle for each mile Iriiveied In ROUIK to and returniiiR from t he scut of paTernincni over the most dlrccl «nd jirnctlcublo route, nnd provided, (\mhcr ihtvi when s&ld members am required to attend an ojtraordlunry or special itc»Mon of tho Genera] Assembly, tluiy shall re- ft-lve In addition to snlary herein iiro- vldrcl. the aiim of Twenty Dollbio ($^0,00) per dny for each dny they MB required t« Mictid. and inlle- »f;e, at the *am» rate nereld pra- tlded SECTION 5 'mere la Hereby created n Joint ml Inti-rlm committee ol tbo Cieneral ABsemhly to bo selected from membership, M mny be provided *,, law. for thn purpose of conducting research Into governmental problems And making audits of Slate aRonciGR The General Assembly snail fit ths amount ol pel rtlem nnii ei- pease* of committee members mid the compensation nnd <npeD»c« 01 tho SECTION « ua- rno General Assembly Bliall from time to time provide tor tn» salaries and compensation of tho justices of tho Supreme Court and for the salaries and expenses of tho JUORPS or the Circuit H/M this Efficient, low-Cctt fubfoiler Some mighty fina increases in crop yields have been reported by tolke who tave used the simple, low-cost John Deere S-16 Subsoiler lo break up plowpan, crack subsoil in fields, pastures, orchards, etc. K costs but litUe to own one. H works a< deep as 16 inches behind any tractor with 2-plow power or more. You'll find it's the tool yon've been Deeding lor use on slopes or terraces, b hold rainfall, and in. the low spots' to drain oft «tc«M moisture. j««t set it at the depth you want ,H to wn—all yon dp is drive. It's controlled Irom the tractor seal by trip rop*. Don't let hardpan continue fci rob you of th« full yields that are rightfully yours. Com« in on your next trip to town and se« •* «bo«t tiu* money-making IboL MISSCO IMPLEMENT CO. Phone 3-4434 South Highway 61 <&*» JOHN DEERE Dealer/** QUALITY FARM EQUIPMENT Pemiscot 4-H Leaders at Meet A 4-H Club IcudcrB conference held Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday at, Big Springs State Park uUendcd by Mrs. John Ad kins nf Micoln 4-H Club and Mrs. John B. McClnnnhnn of Mccarty Club, c.sp Icnclrrs were accompanied by County Agent W. P. James. Eighty leaders from 19 Southeast Missouri counties were given a re- vinw over all pha.scs of the 4-H leadership job. The conference was directed by Robert Clough, state 4-H Club ngcnt. Clough was assisted by other members of the state and county extension staffs and by D. E. \Vim- hct'toy, Ester Tipn and Helen Can- of Ark-Mr. Power Co., and by E. H. Hamon of Missouri Utilities Coin- and Chancery Court* of thin 6laic. provided, tlnu such rtAiarlcs and COm- peneiitlon ot tho Justices ol' *hn Supremo court und the wilarU-a and expenses a! the JU<IK« or tlio Circuit and Chancery Courts MmII not bo less tlmn now proilded by law (b) me uencrai rtnsemblT shall hy ,ftW determine HID ntnoiint nnd method ol payment ot (salaries to Uie Com- ralaslontM's of 111* Wnrtmons* Com- pciiMitlon Commission, provided, [hut thn salary or any Commissioner shall not be lea* than DOW provided by law. • 1C) me General Asaemniy nhall By law determine thft Rmovmt and mpthad or payment or salaries ol county of- ftclaln Nothing nereln ehall DO construed as nbrogminp uny ripbt ol the people ne the State of Arknni>an under the Initiative and Referendum provisions of the Constitution of the utat. utcs or Arkansas tdl rtmi scCUOn XJ ot Articio XLS. o( the Constitution and Section 1 of Amendment IX to tha Contltutirm nf tho State ol Arxnnsas be mud tb» name tire hereby repealed SECTION 7 Hint Section ;W of Article 7 ot the Constitution or the State of Arkansas 1* amended to rend »» follow: 'Kor every d'e nundred eleclore iherc shftU be elected ono HisVlco ol tbfl peace, hut every township how- E small. Khali havo t*vo ]usUcca ot tho peace" SEC..on c ....- hmcnampni srtAlj B In force upon its Htioption and shall not require leplslarivo action tt> put U Into torcB nnd effect. Approved: March 26 1953 C 0 HALL Secretary or SIM* Non-Cancellable Hospital Policy Health and Accident Policy also Life Policies for information write American Insurance Company Po. Box 982 Blythcvillc HESTER'S 10 00 BEST GRADE P«r TON laR TAX on 2 Tom or Mor«) S. Highway 61 Phone POplar 3-31SR Weather And Crop Bulletin (Compiled by cooperative eJ- rorls of USDA. Eilenslon Senrlce, Department of Commerce and (Jnlvcislty of Arkansas College of Agriculture.) made. Tliis would not relieve the shortage of hay and feed but would help the situation somewhat. Bermuda, Dallas grass, fescue and native wild grasses are making a good come-back. Also, sizable acreages of oats and rye grass are about ready for grazing. Stock water supplies have been replenished in most ureas and cattle are gaining as a result of the more favorable conditions. Marketings of cattle have slowed down in most counties but are still' There were general showers and I heavy in some instances. .hundcrshowers over Arkansas Hiring the 24-hour period ending at 7 A.M. Tuesday, October 12th. A total of 42 stations reported )rccipitation amounts of an inch n- more and several stations reported over two inches. Rainfall vas generally quite light over the eastern third of the State Some of the heavier 24-hour imounls were — Combs, 5.21 inches; Jasper, 3.59 inches; Calico loci:. 3.19 inches; New Hope. 3.05 nclics; Himtsville, 2.93 inches; Lee Sreek, 2.92 inches; Anioine, 2.G1 nchc.s; and, Buffalo Tower. 2.50 nchcs. The only station reporting rain during the week was 31ythevillc. Arkansas City reported only sprinkles too light to measure. The ncan temperature for the week, based on reports from 18 slams, was 13 degrees, which is 8 degrre-i above the normal. Weekly mean temperatures at Although the cattle situation is less gloomy than before the rains, it is still necessary to feed many herds and the winter outlook is not promising. Large acreages of small grain and winter cover crops are up, and j seeding is underway at full speed I in most counties. Indications pmnt | WARNING ORDER IN THE CHA.VCERV COURT, CHICKASAWBA DISTRICT, MISSISSIPPI COUNTY, ARKANSAS Earl Oann, Jr., Pltf. vs. No. 1-2,124 Roberta Oann, Dft. The defendant, Roberta Oann, is hereby warned to appear within thirty days in the court named in the caption hereof and answer the amended complaint of the plaintiff, Earl Gann. Dated this 6th day ot October, 1954. SEAL GERALDrNB LISTON, CleJ*. Claude F. Cooper. Atty. for Pltf. Ed B. Cook, Atty. Ad Litem. 10/S-154MI RUSSIAN SETTLEMENT First Russian settlement in \*» United states was at Cazadero, II miles north of Bodega Bay od DM Russian River, California, in 1812. The party consisted of 90 Russian* and 80 Aleut hunters from Sitk« and the settlement was evacutUd in 1841. lo record large acreages for winter and early spring grazing. COTTON picking was delayed some by the rains and has proceeded at a slower pace because of heavy dews. More than half of Ihe crop lias been ginned, and harvest continues at a fair to good rate. he individual reporting stations ranged from 70 degrees at Flippin and Gilbert to 70 degrees at El Dorado. The highest temperature reported was 96 degrees at Camden and El Dorado on the 5th and the lowest. 42 degrees at Batesville, Gilbert, and Newport on the 8th. Pastures, late hay crops and sorghums have been revived by the recent rains over most of Arkansas nnd arc making a rapid growth. U the warm weather should continue another week or two and frosts hold off a little later than usual, it would, result in much good grazing and a considerable amount of late hay and feed* could be pany. The above utility companies jointly sponsored the three-day conference and provided all expenses. - Indications are that a larger portion of the crop is being machine picked than last year, also that hand snapping is more prevalent. Yields are better in most areas than expected 4-6 weeks ago. RICE harvest was delayed some by the recent wet weather but about 75 percent of the crop is out. Quite a lot of rice is down and some of it is sprouting. j Yields are very good but quality j is off with the milling percentage of head rice being very poor in many instances. The high humidity is causing some trouble with farm stored rice; also, insects arc reported in some of the farm stored rice. Harvest of SOYBEANS Is progressing rather slowly, due to uneven maturity. Some fields of late soybeans will make good yields but. on the whole, this crop Is poor. Fall gardens are doing well, and small amounts of commercial VEGETABLES., including SNAP BEANS, CUCUMBERS, AND TOMATOES, are in production. Additional COTTON PICKERS are still needed in many counties. OLIVER SUPER 55! Outclasses all tractors of its type. Bu3t to the dimension* you want—50 i^-inch hood height, 73-inch wheel base, 28-inch rear tires, tread adjustable from 48 to 76 inches. All the speeds you need—six forward, including a new super low of only 1 ^ miles per hour. Independently controlled PTO with reversible shaft to operate any machine- More power and features—pulls a 3-bottom plow in most soils . . . choice of gasoline or full diesel engine . . . double-disc brakes . . . internal hydraulic ^ystem and 3-point hitch. Come in and get ati the facts. Farmers Implement 900 N. 6th Company ph - 3 - 8166 fPMNKLINO IS »OOO CROP IN- ' tURANCI b*c«m » mtfcM H po<- «iW« fir yo« *o IrriqaU wW *nd you n««J (a *^M A U CVCVKkJ t ,- Vnv A*1H 919, Vn yViVI JF turw! It m««m f«it«f, t«<l»r, foolproof coupling *nd K* •ewflrvjl ivwy v«lv«, s»uplin9 *nd fitting b Hud* ei ill* ^Yfl AM SYSTEMS COST MO MOW Dealers Wanted! A-M SPRINKLER IRRIGATION SYSTEMS McKINNONS Irrigation Equipment Co. MMita, Arfc. MOM lit STRONGBARN is 56% Stronger ffcon CMventfOfial Gratfesf As little as $600 buys STRONGBARN Roofing and Siding, cresoted poles and all lumber and nails to build a 20 x 50 machine shed— high enough to house a picker, two tractors and plenty of room for implements. We also have other plans. It pays to protect valuable machinery. E. C. ROBINSON LUMBER CO. 319 W. Ash Ph. 3-4551 STRIPS FROM TOPfr BOTTOM SHED-A-LEAFL LIQUID DEFOLIANT Tc*»i the !«<»« o« . . . moWi cotton picking eoty! SHED-A-IEAF T* is a Hquid . . . simply dilute with water and apply. Use airplane or ground iprayM. DEFOLIATION OF SECOST) GROWTH COTTON IS NOW , GIVING BETTER RESULTS THAN EVER! Many excellent results have b««n obtained recently in this area. We also have a complete slock ol AERO CYANAMiD DL'ST DEFOLIANT available. THE PAUL D. FOSTER co - Ph. 3-3418 Blythwille Warehouse M. Highway 61 HCT cce/ DELiCIOUSLY SEASONED WITH OUR CHILI AND CHOPPED ONIONS TAKE HOME SACK— 6 FOR SI KREAM KASTLE DRIVE IN Announcing Election November 2 for Alderman-3rd Ward Tow Mpptrt fc Mednl for * jxofrewlvt cllj lotmuw*! Jimmy (J. 0.) Lentz WorM W»r tl Yrt«r»« Inilaatrioin—Cipublr—Sincere

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