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Evening star from Washington, District of Columbia • 11

Evening stari
Washington, District of Columbia
Issue Date:
Extracted Article Text (OCR)

I Chair and Book The Chair: This invitingly comfortabl Chair is a roomy, restful article the members of the family The frame is mahogany finish. bolstering is of excellent qr workmanship, covered in velo price we are quoting makes it an unusual jj I The Bookcase: This handsome article is ished. quartered golden oak mai i class; leaded glass doors; an furniture; made to last for year: special value at Anty Drudge Recomms Cross childre me to bake them huckleber nearly kills me trying to clothes, as well as the tab Anty 'cos yo wav. Let the children ha i "em. Fels-Xaptha and in a Like i i Fels-Naptha soap de used.

Fels-Naptha is in cold or lukewarir way it Saves time, and hard work. cleaner, fresher and Don't insist on bing in the old-fashioi isn't made for that. When you buy a follow the directions wrapper as closely as tions on a medicine fc In kitchens, where there a go to the expense of getting a them. Fels-Naptha answera t' thing made. A damp cloth or suds will remove all the PENNSYLVAN OVER-EAS IN Saturday, a April 18,1908 Mi Covers railroad transportation, good i sive.

and one and three-quartci day evening until after bi HOTEL SPECIAL TRAIN VIA DELAV Will leave Washington for PULLMAN PARLOR CARS Pullman reservations may now be tlon to B. M. Newbold, P. A. S.

E. J. R. WOOD PuMnfir Traffic Manager Hi I thoroughly constructed of poltcrials and workmanship of high xccedinglv high-grade piece of edit If You Desire It. When in Doubt Buy of House i and Eye Sts.

N.W. for the Gilded I inds P5e for Children. arc worrying the life out of ry pie. But I daren't do it. It i rub the stains out of their i le linen." don't wash the Fels-Naptha oil A an inv.

mal 1UI 1 water will remove the stains I i the value of spends on how it is made to wash clothes i water. Used that oney, health, bother lur clothes will be rear longer. oiling and hard-rubied way. Fels-Naptha cake of Fels-Naptha, on the red and green you would the re painted walls, women often pecial preparation for cleani ng be purpose better than any- sponge dipped in Fols-Naptha and dirt in a twinkle. 1 IA RAILROAD 1 TER TOUR 8 lit ROUND TRIP PE $13.50 AY.

from Washington 1 tor return passage until April 22, inclur days' board (from dinner Saturreukl'ast Monday morning) al APE MAY ('ARE RIVER BRIDGE ROUTE lape May direct at 12:20 noon AND STANDARD COACHES ade and tickets procured upon appllcaFifteenth and Sts Washington, D.C. GEO. W. BOYD General Passenger Agent SHAME OFJHE SOOTH No Tribute Ever Paid to the Mpmnrv nf Fli Whitnpv wi i iv i an NOT A MONUMENT RAISED No Recognition of the Cotton Gin's Invention. WORTH MILLIONS OF DOLLARS Story of Vain Attempts to Collect Over Contested Rights.

BY WILLIAM E. CIRTIS. Special Correspondence of The Star ami the Chicago Record-Herald. ATLANTA, March 27. IHOfi.

The farm upon -which Eli Whitney d'd his experimental work with the first cotton Rin is now owned by a country club named in his honor. It was organized in 1002 by Joshua J. Doughty, a cotton broker of this city, familiarly known as "Uncle Josh," and the president Is James P. McGowan of the firm of Inman also cotton brokers. The board of govert.ors consists of Thomas Barrett, tli? president of two of the big cotton mills here; Cecil ochrane.

a nroKer; Air. Jackson. the general agent of the Seaboard Air Dine, and Mr. Gary, a lawyer. Several outside capitalists and cotton manufacturers are members, including T.

Jefferson Coolidge of Boston, Eben Draper of Hopedale, and John F. Ilonson of Macon. The clubhouse is a two-story building, with broad verandas and all the comforts and conveniences that are required, and the fishing in the neighborhood is pretty good. "i'nele Josh" Doughty bought the farm for sentimental reasons and with a sense of justice to preserve the place where the Yankee school teacher laid the solid foundation for the permanent prosperity of the south, and it was a patriotic act. In Whitney's time the plantation included about acres and was owned by John PhtnGv.

niilte a celebrated character, who I realized what Whitney was doing and gave him the opportunity to develop his Ideas. The farm was inherited by John Phinizy, who was born the same year that the cotton gin was invented, and lived to the advanced age of ninetyfour. He died in IkSfi. He retained his mental faculties unimpaired till the last, and a short time before his death appeared before the committee of education and labor of the United States Senate concerning southern Industries. He told the committee that he was born in Oglethorpe county tn 179.1.

when there were more Indians than whites in that part of the country, and that both races were very friendly. Whitney's Invention. Mr. Phinizy told the committee that there was far more tobacco than cotton "made" in Georgia at the time of the invention of the gin. "For cotton was practically worthless," he said, "because of the seed, which had to be picked out by hand or pushed out by rollers.

The neighbors were in the habit of gathering at each other's plantations to get out the seed, but It was slow work. I owned the place where Eli Whitney made his first experiments with his invention. He built a. dam across a small stream and ran the first gin by water. The dam Is standing to this day and the water of the stream still turns a gtn.

but it is a great improvement upon the first one." In those days planters used what was known as a "ehurka," a clumsy arrangement which had been known in India and Egypt and other regions where cotton is frown from remote antiquity. It consistid of two rollers revolving In contrary lirectlons. which caused the lint to pass way and the seed another. It was a slow and tedious process and did not cleanse the fiber thoroughly. Whitney's ittentlon was called to the inefficiency of process while he waB living in Augusa.

acting as tutor in the family of a Mrs. Miller, a sister of Gen. Green- of revoutlonary fame. She was a woman of social prominence and wealth, and 11 IC iiiri mr jnair ation aristocracy of northern Geoigla ind heard them discuss the difficulties experienced in separating the seed from the fiber of their cotton. Whitney was a native of Massachusetts, jorn in He graduated at Yale with the class of 1702, and had a rare literary talent as well as mechanical Ingenuity, lie invented several other valuable devices, including a gun.

He made experiments with his gin, as I have said, on Mr. Phinlzy's farm on Rocky Greek, four miles from the courthouse of Augusta, and set It up In an old frame building on the banks of the creek. The building fell down In 1000. and there is nothing on the farm now In the-way of relics of his time. The only reminder is the name of the "Ell Whitney Country Club." which has been adopted by Mr.

Doughty and his associates. Upon the walls of the courthouse is a large bronze tablet with a medallion portrait and an Inscription reading as follows: Eli Whitney. For The Invention of the American'Cotton a Contribution to the Resources of Civilization to the Material Welfare of the United States. Erected by the New England Cotton Manufacturers' Association, 1002. Shame of the South.

It would read a great deal better If the last three lines were left off, or If another tablet were erected by the cotton planters or the cotton manufacturers of the southern states. They have never recognized their obligations to till wnuney in any way. They have never erected any monument to his honor or paid any tribute to his memory. On ttie contrary, he was cheated out of nearly all the benefits of his lnvenflon by the very men who profited from it. In 1701.

two years before the gin was successfully operated, the total exports of cotton from the I'nited States were 379 bales; the next year the exports were 382 bales. In 1S10 they were 188,000 bales. When Whitney died in 1823 the exports had increased to 400,000 bales, and in 1007 they were 8.708,400 bales; and it was i a I thin niS inveillJVII umi maun lino It was Ilia Invention that made cotton planting: profitable, and the crop last year was ll.U61.ltKt bales, worth more than ftWO.OOO.tXX). Of course. It is not reasonable to assume that the planters of the south would have gone on indefinitely using the clumsy, old-fashioned "ehurka." Some ingenious person would have appeared to simplify and Improve the process in time.

But Eli Whitney, the Yankee school teacher, was that man. There must also be some allowance made for the planters of Ills day who refused to pay him royalties. Human nature was Just the same then as it is cow, and every; Independent American A 420 to 426 Seventh St. jj I 1 tfTIRTR AT I TO BI While enthusiastic buyers yards cannot be entirely closed price sacrificing. Wholesale am cash; that's the story tersely tol considerable if you do.

I Values ar Easter Offering in Our We wili place on sale tonio Suit in our house. Newest sprinj shadow-stripe and plaids in chifi hagcn, brown, champagne, gret black. Every Suit worth up to $25.00, Every Suit worth up to $30.00, 11 Every Suit worth up to $35.00, 11 Every Suit worth up to $45.00, Every Suit worth up to $50.00 1 ITwo Lnraera Sjp I 75c AlMLinen This damask is 66 inches wi full bleached. It is an extra lies the city over for 75c a yard. 1 from.

For Tuesday, rEASTER T.adies' 2-clasp Glace Kifl Gloves, in tan. gray, brown, blue, red. White and black. Spe- 5) flDDD A clal I Ladies' 1-clasp P. K.

Kid Gloves, in tan, brown, mode, gray, red. bine. green. white and black. Regular $1.25 qtiabty.

Special Ladies' 1-clasp Chamois Gloves, in the natural color, rvo Regular $1.25 quality. Spe? clal Ladies' lfl button Glace Kid Gloves, in tan. black and white. Regular $3.50 quality. Special Ladies' 2-clasp 8uede A Lisle Gloves, in tan.

gray, A white and black. Special 1 EASTER Ladies' Black Lisle Hose, double spliced heel and garter top. 25c value. 3peX clal A Ladies' Chiffon Gauze Lisle Hose, double sole, spliced heel and garter top. 50c value.

Special Ladles' Silk Lisle Hose. b'ack. white and tan; dou- ble sole, spliced heel. SpeX cial Ladies' Dropstitch and Lace Lisle Hose. II HOW citizen hates a monopoly, although we.

nevertheless, must recognize the property right In an invention, and the moral and legal right of talent and ingenuity to demand a suitable reward. The historian of Augusta admits that Eli Whitney was very unjustly treated, and comments upon that fact at length. He quotes an editorial in the Augusta Herald printed December 31, 1801, which says. "Since the formation of our government no invention has been more interesting mm important to mc owumci than that of patent gins; and we regret to add that no invention has been more ungratefully rewarded." And yet the southern people still permit that verdict to stand. They have never done anything to wipe out the dlsgrace or repair the injustice of which their ancestors were guilty toward Ell Whitney, and yet the proud cctton planters and millionaire manufacturers here in Augusta pass in and out of their courthouse and see the perpetual rebuke In bronze reading "Elected by the New England Cotton Manufacturers' Association.

1W'2." Whitney's Bights Ignored. States, as well as the federal government. granted patents In those days, and the legislature of Georgia granted one to Eli Whitney to protect his property rights in the cotton gin, which were continually invaded. The Augusta Herald for December 15, 1800, contains the following advertisement: NOTICE TO AI.T. CONCERNED.

All iiersons wishing to use the patent gin for cleansing cotton are hereby Informed that they can he anpplied with llcenies therefor by applying to the biihdcrther on or at any tltne before the 20th of nest. Those who neglect to furuleh themselves by that time will hare none to Maine hut themselves should they afterward be attended to 1n a way, however necessary, by no means pleasing to J. ORINAGK, Agent for Miller Whitney. Columbia December 4, 1S00. Whitney Miller, the latter being an Augusta gentleman who had furnished capital to develop and exploit the liventlrtn munilfoctlirAfl nH ffftlH flfl Whitney's patent at first for $300.

but afterward for $200. It was a simple contrivance. and the blacksmiths and wheelwrights and other roadside mechanics were making them all over the state without permission. Whitney and his partner then attempted to protect their rights by collecting a license fee of $200 for the use of the patents, but the farmers disregarded their demands and the above warning from their attorneys became necessary. The Infringement became so notorious that finally, in South Carolina, the state officials took the matter up and, with the authority of the legislature, entered Into an agreement to pay Whitney $30,000 in four annual installments.

In 1801. 1802. 1803 and 1801. in lieu of license fees, provided he would permit the farmers of that state to use his patents. He received $25,000 under this agreement.

but in 1803 the controller refused payment, and Whitney was compelled to sue the state for his money. He finally got It. He sold his rights In Tennessee for faO.flOO, but wag never paid a cent. North Carolina, however, punctually paid the royalty agreed on for the use of the patent by the planters of that state. It was the only one of the southern states to treat Whitney honestly and carry out the terms of the contract without litigation.

Whitney was not only cheated out of his royalties, but attempts were made to deprive him of the credit. The rest of his life was spent in litigation. He returned to New Haven, where he made some other important inventions which brought him a handsome revenue, and he died a rich man. Extortion Alleged. In his message to the legislature for the year 1800 Gov.

Jackson of Georgia nsburg ACSIFICE i C01TI1U have made deep inroads into this out in forty-eight hours. A person 1 even manufacturers' cost lias been d. If there still remains a dress go 75c, $1.00, rs LADIES' i rrow every New Kimono Sleeve styles in newest fancy worsteds, Fon panama. Colors, tan. reseda green, navy blue and ow 14.05 ow $19.95 ow $24.95 low $29.95 now 1 fecials That WS Damask, 59c.

de and guaranteed all pure linen, ivy quality and sells patterns to select GLOVES. Ladies' 2-olasp Double-tipped Silk Gloves. In mode, pongee, tan, brown, gray, blue, black and white. "Kayser" make For 50c asmd 75c, Ladles' 2-clasp Double-tipped Silk in tan. gray, black and white.

"Kay- 1 J)(j j) ser" make 'or Vevl' Toadies' 16-button Double-tipped Silk Gloves, in tan, brown, mode, pongee, navy, green, russet. Copenhagen, black and white; "Kayser" and "Pnmnnc" mo 11V.U ilia and $1.75. Ladies' 16 button Double tipped Silk Gloves, in white and a a black. "Fownes" make HOSIERY. Misses' Fine Ribbed Lisle Hose; black, white and tan.

Special Children's Fine Ribbed Black Hose; double heel and toe. 19c value. Special. Misses' Plain Gauxe Lisle Hose; black, white and tan. SOc value.

Special Children's School Hose. rr lxl and 2x2 rib. Special. I I PIa u' recommended the repeal of the patent rights granted to Whitney on the ground that their operation "is a prevention and cramping of genius as respects cotton machines, a manifest injury to the community and, in many respects, a cruel extortion of the gin holders. The two important states of Georgia and South Carolina, where this article appears to be Decoming me principal siapie, artmade tributary to two persons who have obtained the patent, and who demand, as I am Informed.

for the mere liberty of using a ginning machine, in the. creation of which the patentees do not ex? pend one farthing; and which sum, as they now think their rights secured, it is in their power in future licenses to raise to treble that amount. Finding, however, a defect in the law under which their patent was continued the governor, "they determined to sell their machines, together with the rights vested in them, for $500. And for a license to authorise a person to build and work one at his own expense. $400; but.

finding that the defect in the law was generally understood, and that they could get no redress In the courts, they lowered tlioir demands to the present rate of $200. That they will raise it again to tlip former rata is certain, and that they will do it I SALE BEES ED THIS 1 vast dress goods stock, yet a cho lal visit is absolutely necessary i ignored. It's not our loss. A ods need, supply it during this 9 and $1.25 per SUIT BEPi 100 Women's Suits of Pai In blue, black and brown, with and tight-fitting jackets, plaited bottom. Values $30.00 to $35.00.

Special, TtTl women suits Tight-tilting Jacket, lined with si finished with pipings of blue; fu Value, $30.00 Special. Ifl Interest Eve 15c Union Huck These Towels are 18x35 itii Union Towels; made from cot which adds both strength and dm arc soft finished and arc a gentti For Tuesday Dainty Und Women's Chemises, made of good linen, neatly trimmed in hand embroidery; Women's Corset Covers, made of fine quality nainsook, trimmed back and front with double rows of lace embroidery and beading and rib bon; all sizes. Spe- 98c Ribbons Indies' Asrots. the new 0 Gibson effect; white and all colors. Choice Baby Windsor Ties, plain colors and plaids, suitable for ladies and children; good II 19c value.

Choice 9-yd. Boxes Tourist Rurh- ing. Regular price, 25c box. II One day, choice, a box Ladies' Liberty Silk RufTs; large and small styles; for Tuesday, 10 per cent discount off all marked prices. Fine Chiffon Ruchings; lace and net of- 'TjTT fects.

Regular price. 19c jj jr yd. Special 1 fiC unless public interference is had there can be little doubt." Gov. Jackson's syntax is a little mixed, but his object is obvious. The legislature took no action.

The planters of Georgia continued to make their own gins without paying royalty to the patentees, and tlv courts delayed and postponed and delaved and postponed the litigation in older to tire the Yankee out. In 1H07. when Whitney appealed to Corgress, the general assembly of the state of Georgia, "being convinced that such renewal (of the patent) would be highly injurious to the interests of the people of Georgia and retard many improvements which mignt be made in the important business of ginning and cleaning cotton." resolved that "our senators be instructed and our representatives be directed to use every means in their power to prevent the renewal of such exclusive privileges." This is an old and shameful story. It has been told many times during the last hundred years. It has been used frequently to point a moral and to illustrate both sides of the never-ending controversy over the granting of monopolies.

We had it in the sewing machine, in the harvester in the telephone and in many other useful and important inventions. 4t7 to 425 lOl Eighth St. I SS GOODS JEEK. 1 ice assortment remains, show what has happened in i. view York jobber needed ready ale by all means.

You'll save 5 yard, 48c. lMTMENT. nama Fancy hite hairline stripe; Prince Chap plain flare skirts with fold on of White Serge. Ik; brown rajah collar and cuffs ill plaited skirt; fold on bottom. $18.75.

I ry Housewife. Towels, I ches, and arc what we term as ton and linen. 12Vsc 1 lerrnysliinis.f Women's Chemises, made of fine quality nainsook, round neck, neatly trimmed with em- broidery, ribbon and bead- ing; 38 to 44. Spe- Women's Corset Covers, made of splendid quality naim 2 sook: daintily trimmed with jC lace, beading, ribbon; 3o to 44. Neckwear.

1-Inch Fine Quality L.inen-baek jf Black Velvet Ribbon. 8pedal, 15c $1.35 10-yd. piece; also all widths at' 25c to $2.25 piece. A large and full assortment of new Checks and Striped Ribbons, suitab'e for millinery; all colors, 25c and 39c yard. A very special Ribbon we have as a leader for millinery purposes; 5 incites wide; All-silk Taffe- th Ribbon, black and all colors.

A regular 25e value. Ur Special, yard IX All-silk Fine Quality Rib- bon: 4-in. taffeta; black and all colors. Regular ll)c val- ue. Special, yard Funeral of Mrs.

Mary B. Acker. Funeral services over the remains of Mrs. Mary B. Acker were held Saturday afternoon at her home, 945 street northwest.

The services were conducted by Rev. Dr. Butler, pastor of the Luther Place Memorial Church, who officiated at her marriage flfty-two years ago. The pallbearers were Dr. John J.

Darby. Dr. T. A. EL Disney, Lewis Z.

Thompson, John T. Johnson, A. E. OflTutt and William E. BufBngton.

Mi's. Acker, who was a life-long resident of the District, was the daughter of 1 TnVtn Vlr unit binftiiv? vwv iiviiiq i ginia district in the House in the AOs She was married to Mr. John F. Acker in 18ofi. He died in lKXl.

Her brother. Samuel B. Roane; her sister. Miss Rosi A. Roane, and seven children, Jotin T.

Acker of New York. Mrs. Joseph B. Marvin of Portland, W. Bertrmnd Acker, Samuel N.

Acker. Mrs. Joapph Shilllngton and Misses Susie S. and Mathilda F. Acker of this city, survive her Only One "BROMO QIIMXE" That LAXATIVE BBOJJO griNINE.

for tbe signature K. W. GROVK. Used tke i World over to Cure a Cold in One Day. SJe.


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