The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 3, 1953 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Friday, April 3, 1953
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••w r BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMniANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 12 Blythevllli) Courier Blytheville Daily .News MlMlsslppi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, APRIL 3, 1953 FOURTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Financial Experts Say- Country Appears Headed for Much Larger Deficit By FRANK O'BRIEN WASHINGTON (AP) — Government finance specialists said today the country appears headed.for a deficit of nearly &V-> billion dollars — about a half-billion more than predicted — by the end of the fiscal year on June 31). The specialists, who asked not**-— — to be named, said in separate interviews: 1. With most of the big March tide of tax dollars counted, net revenues, this year may be a billion dollars less than the $63,697,000,000 former President Truman predicted in his final budget message last January. 2. With the fiscal year three- quarters gone, expenditures may run about a half-billion less than the $74,593,00,000 Truman forecast. This would mean a deficit of about 36,400,000,000 rather than the $5,896,000,000 forecast by Truman. Such a deficit would hamper President Eisenhower's drive to balance the budget for fiscal 1954, starting July 1. Revenues are still to come in during the last quarter of the waning fiscal year, and spending between now and June 30 could change these estimates radically. There are two big question marks: 1. How much of the flood of tax collections resulting from the March 15 income tax deadline is still to be deposited to government accounts? 2. How are Corporation income tax collections running? No Answer Now These questions cannot be answered, perhaps, until near the end of April. Last year there was considerable spillover. Corporations pay their taxes quarterly. They still have one quarterly payment due this year —on June 15. Tax collections in March were 10', 2 billion dollars. If it were known how much of that was from corporations, it would not be too difficult to foretell about how much corporations-will pay on June 15. until this division is known, estimates of total collections for the year are in doubt. SI Million Lower However, the specialists said these factors indicated total collections may be about a billion dollars lower than had been anticipated: 1. The estimate for 1953 collections contained in Truman's final budget were based on expectations that corporation profits in the calendar year 1952 would be about 41 billion dollars. Latest studies indicate corporation profits in 1952 were about $39,800,000,000. 2. Total collections for fiscal 1952 were 68 billions, of which about 20 billions came in during the last quarter. Total collections in the first nine months of fiscal 1953 leave about 22>i billions to be collected if the estimated amount of revenue is to be reached. Corporations this year must pay 40 per cent of their last year's taxes in the first half of the year. The requirement last year was 35 per cent. This might add a billion dollars, but still would leave collections a billion or more short of expectations. Stassen Agrees With Ike On McCarthy Issue MSA Director Says He Is Happy Over Outcome WASHINGTON UR — Mutual Security Director Harold E. Stassen said today he thoroughly agrees with President Eisenhower's position on the controversial efforts by Sen. McCarthy to curb free world trade with Communist nations. Talking to White House newsmen after a Cabinet .meeting, Stassen said in reply to a question that specifically he agrees with Eisenhower that it would have been better for him to have used the word "infringe" instead of saying the Wisconsin senator had "undermined" government policy. Stassen told McCarthy government operations subcommittee on Monday that McCarthy had undermined government efforts to shut off trade with Iron Curtain ports. The subcommittee has bee getting pledges from Greek shi owners not to trade with Red Cl: na and North Korea. Backed Action Eisenhower said at his news con ference yesterday he personally dl not believe McCarthy had'imdei mined policy, but he emphasize that the right to negotiate agree meats in that field rests complete! and absolutely with the Presideni Stassen said today he i "happy" about what he termed th outcome of the controversy. The President told his news con ference It would take more tha an error by a senator to under mine U. S. policy or the State De mrtment. He said Stassen probablj had meant in the first place to sa; "infringe" instead of "under mine." And, Tent City Readied ForPOWs B>\ROBERT B. .TUCKMAN FREEDOM VILLAGE, Korea I£J —A tent village sprang up today' near Munsan to receive Allied sick and wounded prisoners if the Communists return them. U. S. Marine engineers worked under floodlights through the night to finish the hospital village a half- mile from the United Nations armistice camp. The village is divided into two sections—one a processing area made up of prefabricated buildings and tents, the other for the 45th Mobile Army Surgical Hospital. Capt. Vernon C. Sorensen, Pasadena, Calif., adjutant of the 45th Mobile Hospital, said the 60-bed unit would care for the first Allied prisoners relased by the Communists. Twelve doctors, 12 nurses and scores of medical corpsmen will man the hospital, commanded by Col, Charles E. Holingsworth of Pt. Sam Houston, Tex. Sorensen said "We expect to run Ihem through pretty fast. And we hope they start coming in soon." . Meet Monday United Nations and Communist liaison groups are scheduled to meet at Panmunjom Monday to make arrangements for exchange of the f- k and wounded. Newsmen who visited the site of the new hospital promptly named it Freedom Village. A Bridge on the road from Panmun- om to Munsan long has been called freedom Gate. Prisoners released >y the Reds would cross it when brought to the medical and processing center here. Many also would be brought here >y helicopter. The Eighth Army plans to mobilize all helicopters hat can be spared from the fight- ng front to help evacuate the sick and wounded if a pro - armistice See TENT CITY on Page 14 New Gesture from Reds FOW Problem,, Stymies Negotiators Feb. April ._ 6 .28 •TRUCE-OMETER' TRACES PULSE OP PEACE TALKS — The Oct March 8' 28 dashed. Newschart above shows how world aspirations have soared to recent Chinese Communist'move to reinstitute the Korean peace talks optimism and plummeted to pessimism and crisis with each turn of has. caused hopes of the free world to rise but before you become too optimistic, you had better have a look and see how previous hopes were the Korean truce negotiations. Eisenhower added, he Grief Keynote In Catholics Holy Service VATICAN CITY (J?)—Oriel keynoted Good Friday services in St. Peter's Basilica today as Roman Catholics commemorated the most solemn event of Holy Week— Christ's death on the cross. Thousands of pilgrims and tourists from many lands, speaking a hushed babel of languages, streamed slowly and steadily into the great basilica, where Federico Cardinal Tedeschini officiated at the mournful mass of the "pre-sanctined" host. There were small pilgrimages from Prance, Sweden. Germany, Belgium, England, the United States. Canada, Denmark, Austria and many other countries. There were U. S. troops from NATO's southern command and from Trieste. Their shiny brass buttons were about the only bright bits in the basilica, normally a glowing blaze of light and color for religious ceremonies which are among the world's most brilliant spectacles. There was none of that today. No candle was lighted. The great papal altar—washed with wine and . vinegar In yesterday's Holy Thursday ceremony—was bare. Deep purple hid the basilica's mosaics. Purple cloth covered the crucifixes. Outside, In the big oval court where on Easter Sunday the Pope .will speak and give the benediction to the city and the world, giant buses in nearly all colors of the rainbow arrived constantly from few GOOD P BID AT n I'.|« 1* would not say that no good couk come from McCarthy's dealings with the ship owners even though is he put it, these efforts ma; be misguided. Eisenhower emphasized, how ever, that tile power to negotiate foreign agreements rests solely with the President and the State Department. McCarthy, at his office, told reporters he agreed that he and his Senate investigations sub committee could not negotiate with foreign governments. "We have not done that, and we do not intend to," he added. Clearly pleased by the over-al tenor of what Eisenhower Bad said, the senator told reporters: "I assume he would agree that if ship owners voluntarily remove their ships from trade with the Communists, that is a blow to the enemy and an aid to us." Letter Made Public McCarthy made public then letter to Secretary of State Dulles announcing that another foreign ship owner was "voluntarily removing his vessels from the trade with Red China and the Soviet bloc nations." The senator had announced Sat' urday he had "negotiated" ar See STASSEN on Page 14 Inside Today's Courier News . . . Braves leave Brooklyn jinx in Boston-. . . IBC not unhappy over delay of heavyweight title bout . . . Sports . . . Poge 6 ... . . . Society news . . . Page 4 ... . . . Reactivation: a big step but not the end . . . editorials . . . Page 8 ... . . , The Record Shop ... . what's new on wax , . . Page 9 ... torch Wome Will Meet Her Missco Solons Oppose Cherry's TOO Per Cent Assessment Plan Although solidly opposed to Gov. Francis Cherry's 100 per cent assessment plan, Mississippi County's legislators yesterday found themselves in agreement that the s t a t e is in need of tax equalization. L. H. Autry, Jimmifc Edwards, Eugene Fleeman and Kenneth Sulcer, who make up the County's delegation to the lower house, appeared before Blytheville's Rotary Club yesterday to discuss legislative issues. ..Some., IS^club members kept the "* ~~~"~ ' ion for nearlj regular meeting , Sessions To Be Held April 11-12 and 14-16 Two Methodist Church organizations will hold their 13th annua meetings here this month. It was announced today. Members of the Wesleyan Service Guilds of North Arkansas Confer' ence Methodist Churches will meet at the church here April 11 and K. Mrs. Clarence G. Oakes of Siloam Springs, Guild secretary for the conference's Woman's Society of Christian Service, will preside. "To Serve the Present Age" will be the theme of the North Arkansas Methodist women's meeting April 14-16. Mrs. Johnnie McClure of Springdale, president of the conference's Woman's Society of Christian Service, will convene the meeting at 2 p.m. at the First Methodist Church. Her address to the conference is scheduled for 11:15 a.m. April 15. Mrs. McClure will also be speaker at the Wesleyan Service Guild meeting. She is to address the group at a banquet at 7 p.m. April .1, in the Mirror Room of Hotel Noble. Miss Mildred, Drescher, field worker for the Woman's Division of the Methodist Board of Missions, will speak at the afternoon session April 12, beginning at 1:15 .m. Other phases of the program will be roll call of districts and sepclal emphases of the work of the Guild; ,he secretary's message by Mrs. Oakes; special music by the Blythe- 'ille Guild; a devotional period Sunday morning directed by Mrs. lomer Taylor; morning worship with the Rev. Roy Bagley. pastor the host church, as speaker; and a. closing communion service at 3 ).m. Sunday. The two-day session will begin at :45 p.m., Saturday, April 11. Mrs. V. W. Peek, president of the local Guild, will make the welcome ad- ress, and Mrs. E. L. Sitcler, Jones- oro district secretary, will make lie presentations. Speakers during the three-day ession of North Arkansas Meth- dist women will include Dr. Matt :, president of Hendrix College, ^onway; Mrs. William P. Cooley of This entire < ision was centered about the governor's highly-controversial proposed constitutiona amendment which Would put al 'ayetteville, jurisdictional secretary f literature; and Miss Mildred irescher, field worker for the Wom- n's Division of the Methodist Joard of Missions. North Arkansas Conference offi- ers are: Mrs. McClure, president; trs. E. G. Kaetzell, Batesville, Ice president; Mrs. H. J. Couch,an, Morrillton, recording secre- ary; and Mrs. Ben DeVoll, Para- ould, treasurer. the tax books at per cent of the market value. The bill also provides for a three- man tax equalization board which would step in where county assessors failed to carry out provisions of the amendment. Increased evaluations on property would bring about a millage reduction, ft was pointed out. Millage limits would be five for county, eight for municipal and 12 for school purposes. Mr.,Autry, elder statesman of the county's delegation said the group was solidly opposed to the amendment. However, he said, the need for fairer tax practices in the state has been obvious for some time. , "The governor's proposal has many good features. I think if he had approached the problem with more caution and had taken more time in working out a solution, he might have come up with something that would have been popular over the state," Mr. Autry stated. Sees Defeat Here He said he feels the amendment, which won't be voted on until November of 1954, will be "slaughtered" in eastern Arkansas, may not fare too well in other sectors of the state. On being questioned regarding what can be done about inequitable tax practices, Mr. Autry alluded to the fact that the same program, j could be approached on a 10, 20, or I 50 per cent evaluation method without creating quite the animosity and j alarm of the 100 per cent proposal. All the legislators were quick to admit evaluation is a knotty problem. However they indicated that general tightening of present tax laws would be one long stride forward. Mr. Fleeman told the group that he viewed the three-man tax equalization board as another weakness of the measure. This three-man board,- he pointed out, would have 12-year terms (first appointments being staggered for four, eight and 12 years) and would have power to reassess property in my county. This is pretty far-reaching power, Mr. Fleeman opined, for a three- man board, "who after all would be only human and subject to the mistakes and errors of all men." Loose construction of the amendment a no dangerous loopholes were viewed by Mr. Autry, who pointed out that no provisions are made for a state ad valorem tax and that al millagfi would be approved by the people in special elections approving city, county and school budgets. Budgets Would Set Rate Millage would be set to meet these budgets. An additional amendment would be needed to permit the state to levy ad .valorem millage, •preceding the informal discussion Steel, Rubber Strikes Continue; 85,000 Idle By JOHN M. HIQHTOAVER Two strikes which have made idle some 85,000 workers in rubber and steel plants continued today as negotiators planned new attempts to end the crippling walkouts. Jaycees to State Free 'Lite-a-Bike' Campaign Bicycles in Blytheville will get scotch-lite safety tipe applied free as the Junior Chamber of Commerce continues its "lltc-a-bumper" safety campaign for the fourth week tomorrow. Jaycee President, Dr. James C. Guard, said any bjy or girl bringing bicycles to Railroad Street may have silver scotch-lite safety tape applied to their bites at no charge. After three Saturdays work at their "production line" on Railroad Street between Main and Walnut, the Jaycees have placed the red reflective safety tape on approximately 700 vehicles. Present plans call for the campaign to continue fjr several weeks. Jaycees hope to raise enough money to carry out various youth and t»tety progr»m« l.i the city. New Yorkers Welcome GIs 1st Korean Troopship Docks on East Coast NEW YOEK W)—Laughing and crying women gave a wild welcome today to soldiers on the first troopship to come into New York from Korea. It was unofficially estimated that i.OOO relatives and girl friends gathered to meet the men who debarked after a series of delays—a night at Tnchor in the harbor, a number of welcome home speeches, and a gangplank that got stuck. New York and New Jersey troops headed for a city hall reception and i a Broadway parade before they could scatter for their homes. Troops from other states boarded ferries for New Jersey to go to Camp Kilmer for furlough clearance. See Related Story Page 9 Many, though, held brief dockside reunions with wives they hadn't seen in two years. Some were seeing their infant children for the first time. The welcorners waved signs they had written on white placards provided by the Army. They bore inscriptions in lipstick and mascara such as "Welcome home, Louie," "Welcome home, Sugarpuss" and "It's about time." The khaki clad troops leaning over the starboard rails as the transport Gen. William Welgel nosed into the Brooklyn Army Base waved wildly, shouted, whistled and sang. A 35 piece band, blowing of the ship's whistle and the drone of airplanes and helicopters added to the uproar. Army Another Chinese Attack Repelled Red Troops Hit Allied Lines on Central Front Again By FORREST EDWARDS SEOUL (in— Chinese Communis troops hit Allied lines in Centra Korea today for the second tlm In 24 hours, hurling a 115-man at tack against a, strategic outpos hill northeast of Chorwon. Troops of the U. S. 3rd division 15th Regiment, routed the Reds ii a bloody two-hour battle markei by Vimid - to - hand fighting, th Eighth Array said. The Chinese fired more than 3, 300 artillery shells before and dur •^ Uif. attack. An Eighth Army briefing office] said that at no time did the Amer icans lose control of the hill. Pif teen Chinese bodies were left on the hill nnd the Army estlmatec at least 30 others were killed o: wounded. First Thrown Back In the same general area a ful Chinese battalion attacked posl tlons of the South Korean Capito ber Company spread to the firm's ! Division before dawn Thursday on the amendment, each of the legislators spoke briefly. State Senator Lee Bearden originally planned to attend the meet- Ing but was unable to be present due to the death of his nephew, Jimmy Parks. More state services to the people, Sen MISSCO an Page 14 -+ The strike against the U. S. Rub- regulations dictated that the ship dock this morning although she reached New York harbor late yesterday. A host ol Broadway entertainers gave a show aboard ship until the early morning hours, but some troops were disgruntled that the ship did not dock immediately. 19th plant last night as 3,000 CIO union rubber workers joined some 32,000 other members who struck earlier yesterday. The plants are in cities from New England to California. In Pittsburgh, top federal mediators were seeking to end a strike of 1,500 Brotherhood ol Railroad Trainmen which has resulted in the layoff by 0. S. Steel of nearly 60,000 workers. The work stoppage which started Monday also has crippled the corporation's steel production. New and continuing strikes in other industries across the country involve more than 20.000 workers, putting the nation's idle because of labor disputes above 100,000, One of the longest strikes Is curtailing production of jet engines which are used in war planes. This work stoppage is by 4,500 CIO United Auto Workers and 1,100 AFL machinists at the General Electric Company plant at Evendale, 0. It started three weeks ago. 1'hone Workers Out Biggest continuing walkouts involve 7,000 independent union tele, phone' workers in New Jersey and 3,500 CIO utility workers agalns the Southern California Gas Co There are several smaller strikes involving up to 3,600 workers. One new strike was started yesterday while a second was settled, some 1,500 AFL workers left their jobs in 12 grain mills in Kansas City and plants at St. Joseph and Clinton, Mo., and at Topeka, McPherson and Llndsborg, Kas. The chief issue is wages. A two-day strike by 27 AFL stcreotypers at two daily newspapers in Syracuse, N. Y., ended. They accepted a retroactive pay package and a $5 weekly raise to hike their base scale to $96. The stoppage was against the afternoon Herald-Journal and the morning Post-Standard, both owned by Samuel I. Newhouse of New York City. but the ROKs threw back the as sault in a 40-minute battle. \ The Central Front attacks fol lowed the pattern of last week's vicious Red assaults on Old Baldy Vegas, Reno and Carson outposts on the Western Front—but were on a smaller scale. Observers saic the Reds apparently intend to continue military pressure against Allied lines despite recent truce proposals from Communist China anc North Korea. Elsewhere on the battle front, Allied troops threw back three small probing attacks in Eastern Korea nnd killed or wounded 29 Reds in a patrol clash in the west. T;OW clouds grounded Allied war planes Friday, the Fifth Air Force -said. Thursday night B20 bombers destroyed 26 Communist trucks and shot up trains in strikes against North Korean communication lines, Sec WAR on I'ngc 14 Stevens Begins Homeward Trip TOKYO I/Pi — Robert Stevens, U. S. Secretary of the Army, left by plane for the United States tonight after three days in Korea. Stevens checked the ammunition situation and said he Is satisfied that tuppllo art adequate. Drunk Driving, Theft Cases Are Continued Two cases were continued In Municipal Court this morning. Billy Porter entered a plea of not guilty to charges of driving while intoxicated. Trial was set for April 11, with bond set at $111.25. A charge of petit larceny against Prentls Martin In connection with the theft of five gallons of gasoline also was continued. Bond was set at $55.50. Soils Expert Will Speak Dr. Beacher to Talk At Leachville Meet Dr. R. L. Beacher. head of the University of Arkansas soil test- Ing laboratory, will speak to farmers from Mississippi, Woodruff and Poinsett counties In Leachville Wednesday. Brought to the county by the Farm Bureau chapters of the three counties, Dr. Beacher will discuss soils and fertilizer. He will speak on application of various fertilizers and results which can be expected from their se. The meeting, to be held in Leachvllle's Vocational Agriculture Building, will start at 2:30 p.m. and is open to all Mississippi County farmers. 14 French Civilians Are Freed U.N. Command Rushes Plans For ROW Trade By The Associated Press The Western world saw further signs of conciliation from Moscow this Good Friday and hoped at long last the Communists were matching words with deeds that would insure peace. There was cautious optimism almost everywhere. Moscow's surprise package of the day was the announcement of the release of 14 French civilians Interned by the Communists in Korea. Tlie Frenchmen were captured in Seoul .at the outbreak of the war and included some members of the Seoul consulte staff. The move was viewed in Paris as stHI another conciliation gesture in the Communist world's current peace campaign. Soviet leaders have offered to help obtain the release of British civilians held in North Korea. In Korea, the United Nations command rushed plans for the possible quick return of sick and wounded Allied prisoners of w Negotiators meet Monday to range, the transfer, and if all goes ' well further steps toward an armistice mny be discussed. Won't Predict Outcome "I hope the Communists mean business this time," said Rear Adm, John C. Daniel, who heads the Allied liaison tenm. He would not predict the outcome. The War went on. Chinese Communist troops ripped into Allied lines in Central Korea with a 175- man attack against a strategic outpost hill northeast of Chorwon. Tha Reds were routed In a bloody two- hour bottle. • '• There was another sour note in Communist East Germany, where Communists chose Good Friday to Increase their harassment of the church. The Communists banned Easter services in the half - milo zone separating East and West Germany. They refused to permit the Evangelical-Lutheran Synod to hold its annual meeting in Weimar April 16 and seized a Protestant seminary at Eisleben. without giving any reason. Al Face Value President Eisenhower at his news conference yesterday said the U. S. 1 should take at face value every offer made by the Communists until it is proved unworthy. If the Communists go through with tha exchange of sick and wounded prisoners, he added, and if that in turn promotes negotiations as they suggested, that certainly would be a clear indication that deeds rather ban words comprise their new pol- cy the U. S. government would icartily welcome such a development, the President stated, with- ut trying to speculate over what Is jehlnd the policy shift. The President had final words vith the new American ambassador o Moscow, Charles E. Bohlen, who eaves today for his new post. Washington experts said the vhole public exchange of peace noves and responses from the Communist and Western sides ap- Jears to enhance the chances of in'eventual meeting between Ei- :enhower and Soviet Prime Minster Malenkov. If such a meeting ccurred, diplomatic authorities • aid. British Prime Minister Churchill and French Premier Ma r would probably be invited to larticipate. Ihina Gets Jets TAIPEH, Formosa Wi—Two U S. et trainers, the first jets delivered X) Chiang Kai-shek's Chinese Na- tonalistfi, arrived today. Additional et planes are scheduled for delivery ater. an official spokesman said. Weather Pastor to Visit Missions Abroad DALLAS UP) — Dr. Marshall T. Steel will leave June 1 for a three months trip around the world, primarily to visit Methodist Missions n the Par East, The pastor of the Highland Park Methodist Church here Is making he trip at the request, of the gen- ral secretary of the Methodist. Board of Missions. ' ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy; widely scattered thundershowers east and south portions this afternoon nnd in southeast early tonight; cooler with lowest 32-42 north and 40-41} south portion tonight; frost northwest tonight; Saturday partly cloudy; warmer northwest. MISSOURI — Generally fair tonight; cooler east- and south; scattered lihgt frost west and north portions; Saturday inir, warmer west and north; low tonight 32 to 40; high Saturday 5ft to 65. Minimum this morning—42, Maximum ye.sterdiiy—65. Sunrise tomorrow—5:43. Sunset today—8:21. Prcclp. 2-1 hours to 7 A.m.—nono. Prcclp,. since Jan. 1—18.84. Mean temperature (mtdwiiy between . high nnd low)—53.5. Normal mean for April— 61. This Dale Last Year Minimum this morning—30. Maximum yesterday—6fi. freclp. Jan. 1 to tUt*—18.08, *

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