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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS IKE DOMINANT NEWSPAPBt Of NORTREMT ARKAMVA* AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. LI—NO. 275 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily Newi Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE.IARKANSAS, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 1956 SIXTEEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIYK CENTS Sen. McClellan Says: Pentagon to Cooperate With Red Trade Probe By G. MILTON KELLY WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. McClellan (D-Ark) said today the Pentagon has agreed under prodding to cooperate "to the limit" in an investigation of free world trade with Russia. Ike Hunts Quail While Nation Awaits Decision • By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH, THOMASVELLE, Ga. (AP) — President Eisenhower shunted politics aside temporarily today and went Minting for quail with Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey. . The big question whether he will * * * bid for a second term was shelved in "favor of roaming Humphrey's big estate for the elusive birds Neither Eisenhower nor the secretary had any luck on their first try for quail shortly after arriving from Washington yesterday. The President, planning about a week's vacation in this piney woods area of south Georgia, was up early and had breakfast — a small steak—at 7:30 a.m. At that time the skies still were heavily overcast after an all night rain But the sun came out a bit later and Eisenhower and Humphrey set out for the hunting grounds shortly after 9 a.m. M»y Play Golf The President wore tough leather hunting shoes, khaki slacks, a brown sport shirt, a sweater, a brown suede jacket and a hunting cap. James C. Hagerty, White House press secretary, said he "wouldn't be surprised" if Eisenhower played a few holes of golf before the end of the week. It would be the first time since his Sept. 24 heart attack that the chief executive has done anything , ; mpre . than putt a bit and practice iron shots. Yesterday he had his first crack at hunting since the attack. . Tuesday, physicians told the , President he has had a good recovery and concluding that he is physically able to seek and serve a second term. Due Soon The cheering medical report has convinced political supporters of the President that he will, run again. If he has not already made his decision, he quite likely will do so here. He has indicated he will announce his plans around March 1. Before the doctors spoke out .Tuesday, a majority of newsmen who cover the White House regularly felt the President would not run again. Now the majority has swung heavily the other way. Wives Along Both the President and Humphrey were accompanied from Washington by their wives. Also along are Mrs. Eisenhower's mother Mrs. John S. Doud of Denver and the President's personal physician Maj. Gen. Howard M. Snyder. It was a happy Eisenhower who rode 43 miles by automobile from Spence air base at Moultrie. Ga., to the Humphrey plantation. Enthusiastic crowds gave him a warm welcome along the way, and he responded with repeated waves. The White House Limousine- in which he traveled has a top which slides back so he can stand and be seen by the crowds. On the trip yesterday he stood a third of the way without any outward sign of tiring. Nixon Seen As Running Mate for Ike GOP Chiefs Think Hell Be On Ticket — A By .TACK BELL WASHINGTON (AP) cross-section sampling of Senate Republicans and Democrats showed today most of them think that if President Eisenhower runs again -Vice President Nixon will be on the GOP ticket. Eisenhower has indicated he will give his .second-term decision around March 1. If he says then he is available, there is little doubt named at the August convention will be the man he wants. Sen. H. Alexander Smith (R-NJ) said he believes Eisenhower will want Nixon to run with him despite what Smith termed "some opposition" within the party. opposition to Nixon is directed at "I think most of the Republican him as a possible presidential run again, rather than as a vice candidate, if the President doesn't presidential nominee," Smith said ^ Won't Shelve Him Sen. Mansfield (D-Mont) said he thinks there is little .likelihood of any move by Eisenhower to shelve Nixon. Sen. Bush (R-Conn) said in view of Eisenhower's complimentary remarks about Nixon he trunks the ticket will be the same as in 1952. Sen. Curtis (R-Neb) agreed. Sen. Sparkman (D-Ala), the 195: Democratic vice presidential nominee, said he doesn't think Eisenhower is going to run again. But if he does, the Alabama senator pe-j dieted Nixon will be his running mate. Likes Warren A novel suggestion for the 1956 GOP ticket came from Sen. Long <D-La>, who reiterated his contention of a year ago that Eisenhower will not run again. He predicted in an interview with the New- Orleans States that Chief Justice Earl Warren- will be the presidential nominee and that Eisenhower will run for the vice presidency so that the GOP can "get the greatest possible use out of the Eisenhower name." -The Senate Investigations subcommittee he heads p r o m p y 1 y called as a witness John Williams, a civilian machine tools specialist, in its scrutiny of the causes, effects and scope of U. S. agreement to a relaxtion of curbs.on Western trade with the Soviets. Ohio industrialist Ralph R. Bal- tahteh and Williams protested in va last spring against removal of embargoes on Western Allies' sales to Russia of machine tools he said could be used to produce "the most modern" of weapons. No Names "Par better to give them (Russia) the planes, munitions and ,yet, even guided missiles,",Baldenhofer exclaimed. A guided missile, he said, can be shot only once, but the tools in question could be used to produce many missiles "for years and years and years." He named no names but said the State Department argued that the precision tools he and WI Hams said should not be sold to-Russii also "could be used for peaceful purposes" and that "therefore they saw no harm in shipping them." Baldenhofer then was a machine tools specialist on loan to the Commerce Department by the Navy, which he serves as a consultant. He is executive vice president of the Thompson Grinding Machinery Co., Springfield, Ohio. Tried to Block Search McClellan contends governmeni officials have .tried to block his search into the so try behind U. S. agreement to the easing of curbs on Western trade with Russia. Administration officials have said "net advantage" to the free world resulted from the move. Baldenhofer testified that a month after the curbs were eased in 1954 Britain accepted orders from Russia for six milling machines which he said could be used .to build "a.base of machine tools for war plants. He said one of the machines has been delivered to Russia. As the reduced list of embargoed machine tool items stands now. Baldenhofer said, it "is not worth the paper it is written on, if you want to bypass it." In Easy Range-- There has fteen .a great deal of talk on both sides of the Iron Curtain about development of an intercontinental ballistic missile with a range of 1500 miles, Newsmaps above show the areas such a guided missile could strike if launched by the United States from England, upper map, or from a Russian submarine or plane off the coast of New York, lower map. While Russia has hinted that it already has such a missile, pressure is being brought in Congress and in the administration to rush development of such a weapon. Mayor's Parley Opens with Stress On Civil Defense The third annual Washington . under .White House auspices, WASHINGTON (AP) — Conference of Mayors, held opened today with the emphasis on civil defense. About 200 chief executives of American cities took part in the Ike Creates New Civilian Reserve Training Program THOMASVILLE, Ga. (AP) — President Eisenhower today created a national defense civilian reserve for the training of up to 4,000 top flight executives from business and labor for government service in any emergency. Uranium Found In Newfoundland ST. JOHNS, Nfld. (.fl -<- Premier Joseph Smttllwood says an important uranium find has been made along Labrador's bleak coast. He announced Vast night that experts rank the newly fouc3 deposits among Canada's most important to date. . • He said pitch-blende' and other uranium minerals' were found in a coastal area 85 miles long and' 8 miles wide, reaching from Makkovik. an Atlantic, Coast settlement, southeast to Seal Lake. Peiping Seeks s Japan Relations , TOKYO (If) — Foreign Minister Mamoru Shlgemltsu acknowledged today, Japan had received proposals from Red China for establishing normal relations. He blamed "loss of memory" for hiving earlier denied such advances. He told the House Foreign Affairs Committee, in answer to » question, a check revealed such bid* hid been received from Pet- ping.. Peiptnt radio ,it*t«J In « broadcast f*b. 11 that Mini often had fecon matt. , Bible School Film to be Shown A 27-mlnute training film on operation of daily .vacation Bible schools will be shown to all interested persons tonight at 1:30 in the basement of First Presbyterian Church. Pastors, education directors and volunteer workers who are interested in Bible school work are in- viteS to attend. Christian Supplies Co. is furnishing the film and will set up a display "of school materials. The meeting is open to all denominations. 67 Location To be Topic Of Meeting State Highway Commissioners will meet with Blytheville officials and civic leaders Monday at noon to discuss relocation of Highway 61. Meeting with them will be the mayor, members of the Council, planning Commission and the Highway Committee, Chamber of Commerce. Tentative plans call for moving Highway 61 east of the city to Lockard street, approximate location of the city limits. • Planning Commission has asked that the highway be placed a half mile farther east to provide for "normal growth" of the city eastward. Suggestion of the planners was turned down, but the highway group agreed to meet here and discuss the decision. Other highway problems, including the widening of the road to the air base, may be discussed. Soviet Offer MEXICO CITY (.«—A Soviet aviation expert has proposed exchange visits of Russian and Mexican pilots and aviation enthusiasts to better relations between their two countries. Lt. Col. Alexander La- varinov made his proposal during the first Latin-American regional conference of the International Aeronautical Federation. Airman Is Truly Happy' for Help • Blytheville townspeople have come to the rescue of Airman Billy D. Nash and his family and today he expressed his thanks', saying he was "truly happy." A week ago today, Nash, of Monterey, Tenn., was on his way to his new station at Blytheville Air Force Base. He towed his house trailer containing the family belongings behind his car. His expectant wife and 10-month-old son rode with him. ' luddMlr tta trailer caught fire. It and the family possessions were a total loss and, Nash's troubles were reported In the Courier News. . . Blytheville came to their aid. Clothing, baby supplies, living necessities and cash came pouring In. • Today, the Nash's are happily settled in a home In Holland. They expect the new baby's arrival next week and — "thanks to Blytheville citizens" — they • re prepared for It, th* young tirmm reported. Mobilization (ODM) to training program under a full scale basis. Actual- At his vacation headquarters here, Eisenhower signed an executive order implementing a law enacted by Congress last year. The order directs the Office of Defense get the way on ly ODM already is operating a pilot training program under which about 40 key executives have been recruited from all sections of the country. Voluntary James C. Kagerty. White House press secretary, said ODM Director Arthur s. Flemming hopes that from 3,000 to 4,000 executives will be recruited eventually. / Participatidn in the reserve pool is on a voluntary basis and those who enroll must have permission from their employers, Hagerty said. In response to questions, Hag erty also said that so far as he knows there would be nothing compulsory, about servlhg .in a govern' ment job in event of war" or other national emergency. The press secretary said enrollees would be called upon in any general mobilization, for example. He added that for the most part they would take jobs in the ODM and the departments of Defense, Commerce, Interior and Labor. The enrollees are being drawn from "the ranks of labor organizations as well as business. Negroes Charged For Auto Thefts CARUTHERSVILLE — Two Negroes arrested by the State Highway Patrol In Pemiscot County Jan. 23 and charged here with grand larceny for the alleged theft of an. automobile at St. Mary's, Mo. ; have been returned to Perry County authorities. L. C* Roseburr, 32, »nd his wile, Joyce Anna, 22, were arrested near the state line after a chase down Highway 61 at speeds which reached 100 miles per hour. County officers said a stronger case could be made In Perry County as the Negroes are charged there with two counts — stealing an Automobile at St. Louis ' and uuthcr it St. Mary'i. conference. Civil Defense Administrator Val Peterson, directing it, said they will be in the front line of defense if another war comes. Peterson told a news conference it is likely a number of American cities would be hit simultaneously by atomic weapons in such a war. So, he said, the mayors must be given the fullest possible informa. tion to guide them. This includes, Peterson said, such things as thi latest information on the foreign situation and latest enemy weapons. Top Officials A number of top officials are briefing the mayors. Some sessions closed doors in are held behind order, Peterson said, to permit complete freedom of discussion. Mayors Robert F. Wagner of New York, and John B. Hynes of Boston, took part in the news conference with Peterson. Wagner said civil defense is being studied increasingly as a regional rather than a municipal problem. Hynes said the mayors want to talk over such problems as urban redevelopment in addition to civil defense and related matters. Undersecretary of State Herbert Hoover Jr. told the mayors the United States will "persevere efforts to settle disputes with Russia "despite the disappointing results so far." Hoover also spoke of the possibility of a "tragic outbreak of hostilities" in the Middle East and said current talks with the British and French governments are designed to find ways to avert Middle East war. On Four Fronts The acting secretary of state — John Foster Dulles is on vacation — said this country must be prepared for a long haul in the search for peace, "calling for steady nerves and persistence." The American government Hoover said, is proceeding on four broad fronts to try to achieve peace. In the. first place, he said it is working to maintain collective se curity through defensive compacts, In the second place and particularly in the Middle East and Soutn Asia, it is seeking to build up the political and economic strength of free nations . Another drive, he said, is for global disarmament but "so far the Soviet Union has not been willing to agree to the safeguards essential for the security of all." x On the fourth front — solution of East-West problems — Hoovet said: "We will maintain our own strength, assist our friends and hope that the leaders of the Communist regimes may be brought to see -that a just peace will best serve their own legitimate security Interests." No Court LEXINGTON, Ky. H) — Traffic court missed Its regular weekly session yesterday for the tlrst time In Its' 4-year haitory. The reason: no Senate Committee To Broaden Probe Of Campaign Funds WASHINGTON (AP) — A three-member Senate elections subcommittee decided today to undertake a broad investigation into any efforts by "selfish interests" to influence federal elections or legislation with campaign contributions. The subcommittee intends to * " • •— • ••••»•• .-••!..• - — •* explore this matter fully to the end that the American people may be advised of the facts," Chairman Gore (D-Tenn) said in a statement he read to newsmen. He added thai the subcommittee had "determined to conduct a study of contributions to elections campaigns, federal elections and, such evidence of corrupt practices as may be revealed." Unanimous Gore said the statement had been unanimously adopted by the subcommittee. The other members are Sens, Mansfield (D-Mont) and Curtis (R-Neb), The move for the investigation developed out of the furor of an oil mans offer of a $2,500 campaign contribution to Sen, Francis Case (R-SD) during the Senate fight over a natural gas bill. Case rejected the money and voted against the bill when the Senate passed it. Gore said the elections subcommittee "does not expect to hold any public hearings" until a special Senate investigating committee submits its report on the Case incident. Asks Co-operation In announcing the elections unit's plans for a sweeping inquiry, Gore said; "We now solicit and will solicit the support and the cooperation of both the majority and the minority leaders and of each and every United States senator." In reply to a question, Gore said that he would "not anticipate any serious difficulty" in getting funds from the Senate to finance the subcommittee's investigation. "I believe there will be widespread support for the work of this subcommittee," he said. The gas bill, to exempt producers of natural gas from direct federal controls, was passed by the Senate last week amid complaints of pressure from both sides. It is now awaiting action fby President Eisenhower. A special committee, set up under the chairmanship of Sen. George (D-Ga), spent the weekend investigating whether a $2,500 campaign contribution rejected by Sen. Francis Case (R-SD) was de- sjgned to influence his vote on the gas bill. Case voted against the bill after telling the Senate about the contribution offer. "All Essential Facts George told newsmen he felt the special committee already had developed all the essential facts about this incident and added he knew of nothing at this time to justify asking the Senate to continue its inquiry or to enlarge its authority. He said he had told Gore that "unless something of a startling nature occurs which I do not now foresee, I hope we can make a report to the Senate next week . . . and ask to be discharged." Earlier, however. Sen. Bridges See PROBE on Page 7 Soviet Appears Eyeing Revival Of United Fronts By JOHN M. HIGHTOWEB WASHINGTON '(AP) — The Soviet high command appears to be planning a revival of the "united front" technique to try to gain power and respectability for the Communist parties of Western European nations. Benson Claims Food Wage Hikes Are Justified Says Productivity Increase Made Increases Possible SAN FRANCISCO cretary of Agriculture Benson declared to- + The .-technique—used with considerable success in the pas^-is the establishment of working arrangements between local Communist parties and such non-Communist groups a£ the Socialists. U. S. officials think they see a tlpoff -to renewed emphasis on "united front" drives in the speech given by Soviet Communist party boss .Nikita Khrushchev to the party Congress now meeting in Moscow. Only Foundation* Another aspect of the speech which has aroused considerable interest here is its possible bearing on the fate of Foreign Minister V. M. Molootv. Molotov said in a speech a year day that less than half the increase in wage rates in. food industries granted since 1947 were justified by increased productivity. Expressing concern over the spread between farm and retail prices, the secretary said wage increases that reflect a corresponding gain in labor productivity are "clearly justified—are indeed highly desirable." "But when wafces outrun labor productivity, they result in increased costs," he said. "Somebody has to pay the biH. Frequently it is the consumer. On equipment and production supplies for which he is a consumer, the farmer pays the cost." 43 Per Cent In a speech prepared for a meeting of the Western States Meat Packers Assn., Benson said that between 1947 and 1955 wage rates in food processing and distribution Increased 43 per cent. "Less than half of this increase was offset by gains in labor productivity," he said. "More than half became an increase in the labor cost per unit of food handled. In these years the retail price of food rose 11 per cent but the wage cost per unit of food processed and distributed rose 26 per cent. Clearly farmers absorbed some of the difference—and their prices were correspondingly depressed." Spa Mops Up; Damage Said Near $1 Million By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The debris which marked the destructive path of a flash flood through the business district of Hot Springs was cleaned up today, as the merchants counted their loss at nearly a million dollars. Acting swiftly on the heels of the flood, the federal Small Business Administration last night declared Garland County, and three counties which were buffeted by severe winds Wednesday night, as official disaster areas. The designation will allow businessmen and home owners to obtain low-interest government loans to rebuild property shattered by storm. Included with Garland County in the disaster area are Conway, Cleburne and Independence counties, which bore the brunt of the tor- nadic winds. Many farm homes and buildings were destroyed and one farmer was killed. The victim was Verne Ashford, 67, who lived in Conway County. One Killed One person also was killed in the Garland County flood. Mrs. Hollie Barker, 38 - year - old resident of Nome, Alaska, drowned when she wns washed trom atop a car on which she had sought refuge. She and her husband, who escaped, were encamped near Hot Springs when the flood cascaded on their auto, in which they were nsleep. Barker survived by grabbing a limb on a nearby tree when the flood covered the cur. MoM at th* w*Mr pound down on Central avenue, the main thoroughfare of Hot Springs' business district. Floating timbers jammed a key storm sewer, backing the water into most of the business houses See FLOOD on Page 7 Murder Trial Set Monday in Pemiscot Court CARtJTHEBSVILLE- First degree murder trial of Lloyd Booker, Holland liquor store operator, is set for Monday morning in Pemiscot County Circuit Court here. Booker has been free on $10,000 bona since murder charges were filed against him Sept. 5, 1954. He is charged with shooting Thurman Norrld, 37, Hayti truck driver, in front of Little's Pool Room at Holland Sept. 3, 1954. Norrtd died of abdominal wounds from a .45 caliber pistol at Walls Hospital in Blytheville. . According to newspaper records, Norrid shot and killed Lloyd's brother, Kermel, in 1952. That fol lowed a three-man "feud" among 'old friends" after someone got mad about a practical Joke, resulting in Kermel killing Melvin Klfer in 1950. Lloyd Booker was bound over to Circuit Court Sept. », 1954, after a five-hour preliminary htaring. The scheduled trial has .since b«n postponed aeverAl time*, ago that only the foundations of socialism had been built in the Soviet Union. Alter he was officially criticized, he amended that to say Soviet Socialist (that is. Communist) society was already strongly developed in the Soviet Union. Molotov publicly confessed error. Khrushchev, without naming Molotov, brought up his "erroneous" statement Tuesday and again denounced it as misleading. This renewed speculation that Molotov may be on the Way-out. In general, Khrushchev worked hard through many thousands of words to establish two major themes, as his speech, is read here. One is that Soviet communism is moving invincibly forward to cover the world. The other was that of peace. He sharply modified Communist theories that war between Communist anH capitalist states is' inevitable- and that violent overthrow of established governments is required. Broader Significance He said Communist parties may gain power through parliamentary means. He probably had his eye on substantial Communist groups in France and Italy, but authorities here saw a broader significance in the statement. They interpreted his rationalization about the peaceful "triumph" of communism as being necessac^ modifications of doctrine. Tha theory is that the new line would make . it appear that Communist parties in Western countries are not committed to violence as a necessary means of gaining power. The communists may now use such an argument in many countries to put themselves in position to seek active cooperation of non- Communist political groups. Khrushchev's speech seems to make it clear that the Communist command does not intend to let the East-West stalemate in Europe prevent it from waging a determined campaign behind the backs and under the feet of the Western governments to expand Communist political power. Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS — Mostly cloudy with occasional showers and thundershowers and little change in temperatures this afternoon and tonight. Friday cloudy with showers and local thunderstorms. High this afternoon, mid 50s to low 80s; low tonight, mid 40s to high 40«. MISSOURI — Cloudy this afternoon through Friday with occasional rain south drizzle or freez- ind drizzle north this afternoon and tonight a™* rain or snow north Friday; turning colder northwest Friday; low tonight 20s north to 30s south; high Friday 25-36 north to 40s south. Minimum this morning—40. Mftxtmum yesterday—fl3. Sunrise tomorrow—fi:44. Sunset today—5:44. Precipitation 24 hours (7 ».m. to T n.m.)— .12. Precipitation Jan. 1 M d«te—lo.H. , ThU flute l.ait Ye»r Maximum y«sterd*y—ffT. Minimum this mornlnu—SI. Ju. 1 to dti*—]J*.