THURSDAY, APRIL 2, IMS BLYTHEVTLM5 (ARK.) COURT?!* JffiWS PAGS HW1 Lung Cancer on Increase; It's More Common in Cities (Editor's Note: This Is the fourth of a scries of articles on cancer. ! Today's article was written for The 1 Associated Press by Dr. Evarts A.' Gruhani. of the Department of S u r g e r y. Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis.) By EVAKTS A. GRAHAM, M. . t) Cancer of the lung shows an alarming increase. It kills more than seven times as many people now as it did in 1033—2,252 then, about 16,660 in 1949. No one knows what has happened in the last two decades to cause this alarming increase. Some say it may result from a new substance in our modern industrial civilization. Could industrial fumes or automobile gas be at fault? Lung cancer is more common in industrial centers and cities than in the country. Some blame it on excessive cigarette smoking over a period of 20 years or more, pointing to the fact that ty is 10 times more common among men than women. Comparatively few women, they my, have smoked excessively for 20 years. Scientists are trying to find the answer. But even without the answer, the death rate from lung cancer is unnecessarily high. It is often the result of neglect. » Lung cancer can be cured if attacked early enough. The distressing problem to the surgeon is ihat because-the disease is too far advanced when detected, in only one-third of the cases is it possible to remove the lung. When an adequate operation can be performed, as many as 50 per cent may be saved. The first patient to have a successful lung cperation for cancer, ftn obstetrician in Pittsburgh, is alive, well nnd working after .19 years. The. problem is early detection. There Is a way: the "silent shadow," as it is called, can show up on an X-ray long before the person is aware that something is wrong, so Insidious and painless is cancer's workings. It may flourish for months without giving its victim the slightest warning signal: a persistent cough, hoarseness, followed by streaks of blood in the sputum. Valuable time is lost. Probably the number of patients cured by operation would be significantly increased if every man over 45 had a semiannual chest X-ray examination. If the "silent shadow" shows up, further examination is called for—attempts to see the growth with a bronchoscope, removal, if possible, of a piece o£ it for study and an examination of the washings of the bronchial tubes and the sputum for possible cancer cells. In about 15 per cent of the cases it is necessary to open the chest-for a direct examination of the suspected lung. The value of the mass X-ray approach has been demonstrated. When 600,000 pictures, made in a d rl v e on tuberculosis, were screened by cancer specialists, it was discovered that 398 of those X-rayed might be suffering from lung cancer. Follow-up studies [ established that 18 of them did have cancer without knowing anything was wrong. (Tomorrow: C a n c e f of the Mouth) UN Rejects New Russian Move TJNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (/Pi—A Soviet move in the Kremlin's new "let's-be-friends" campaign was rejected in the U. N. yesterday. The 18-nation Economic and Social Council turned down Russia's request to make Russian one of the official languages of the council. ALL READY FOR EASTER PARADE — President Elsenhower's three grandchildren show off their Easter finery as they stroll on th» White House grounds with their mother, Mrs. John Eisenhower. David, 5, pushes little sister, Susan, 15 months, in her stroller. Barbara Anne, 3 years and 10 months, walks beside her mother. All three have their Easter baskets and Barbara carries a bunny. (AP Wirephoto) Marijuana Buyer Given 5 Years Boy 'Fair' After Falling 50 Feet EL PASO, Tex. ffi— Prank Mai- BUFFALO. N. Y. 1/1*1— A 2-year- donado of Brooklyn, N. Y., yester- old boy was In fair condition today day was sentenced to five years in j a f ter falling 50 feet from a fourth- prison on a charge of buying 10,718 j s( . w indow nnd ) an ding on a con- grams of marijuana here to sell in i . . , New York. Maldonado indignantly clet * s " ny denied the charge. He told the Children's hospital doclorl said judge, "I planned to smoke it all Michael Raychel suffered three. myself." broken ribs and a lung injury. Men's Reg. 3.98 SPORT SHIRTS 100% PUCKERED NYLON, the miracle fabric that needs no ironinjr, dries in a jiffy, wears like iron. White, blue, tan, sreen or yellow. Small, Medium or large. 2 99 Men's Spring SLACKS Fine quality rayon gabardine. Superbly tailored with Hollywood style continuous waistband. Deep front pleats. 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