The Bedford Inquirer from Bedford, Pennsylvania on November 17, 1865 · 2
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The Bedford Inquirer from Bedford, Pennsylvania · 2

Bedford, Pennsylvania
Issue Date:
Friday, November 17, 1865
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LLNQINM BEDFORD PA., FRIDAY. KOV. 1?, 18(W. AN ECHO FROM RKBELDOM. Nominal freedom of speech and of the press existed in the South previous to the rebellion. But the reality was never known there. The New York Tribune and all other pajtcrs that discussed fearlessly all social problems and advocated social reforms and denounced the abuses of society were carefully suppressed throughout the South. The suppression of the rebellion was supposed to have opened the eyes of those people, heretofore so blinded to their own interests, and was hailed as the beginning of an era not of nominal but actual freedom of the press and of speech. Not so however. They are at their old tricks, endeavoring to proscribe every leading liberal paper and they find, as of yore, their supple menials of the North readv to take up the refrain. Harpers Weekly, against which a general hue and cry has been raised by every fanatical rebel sheet South, on account of its staunch support of the Government, is one of the most enterprising and liberal of Northern papers. Against it the Gazette of last week true to its rebellious instincts, thus re-echocs the howl of its Southern masters: "HARPER'S WEEKLY : A JOURNAL OP CIVILIZATION.— FabIe tells us of a kindhearted fool, who, finding a frozen serpent, pitied it, placed it in his bosom, to warm it into life, and in return for his pains, waa struct by the poisonous fang of the revived reptile. The author of this " 'ower true tale,' " must have looked down the vista of futurity and beheld a certain " 'Harper.' " one who plays on a thousand strings, (he ought to play at the end of one) taken to the embrace of the Democratic party who (the " 'Harper' ") after being nursed into strength by that organization, endeavored, reptile-like, to strike it with a tooth that —"Outvenoms all the worms of Nile." And further on it says : "Brethren of the Democratic Press 1 We fail to discharge our duty to our party, and to our country, if we do not warn the public against the malignant influence of the pestiferous publications, which under the garb of neutrality, conceal the stiletto of secret enmity to the Democracy."' This is a good imitation of the true chivalric style. They fear to let their people read both sides and judge for themselves, but try by calling hard names, such as upestifcrou* publications " and ihe like to frighten them from reading what would bo, likely to open their eyes. How it must gall those Southern rebels and their Northern minions that they can no longer abstract such "pestiferous ' sheets from the mails and prevent their circulation. Wc have no consolation to offer the poor fellows. We believe that "Harper's Weekly'' is at present j "a Journal of civilization" that such a jour- j nal is much needed at the South, and tha'! it with many others of the same kind will j be circulated and read both North and South in spite of the lugubrious ululations of the Democracy over friends departed. THE LATE ELECTIONS. The elections held in New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts and other States, last week, have resulted in the success of the Republican party, and the annihilation of the so-called Democratic party. In Massachusetts, the Republican candidate for Governor, Bullock, is elected over Gen. Couch, Deui., by a vote of 57,111, to 17,698. The Senate Stands 39 Republicans to 1 Democrat. The House is made up of 220 Republicans to 20 Dem. In New Jersey, the majority for Ward the Republican candidate for Governor, is 3,600. The State Senate stands 11 Republicans to 10 Democrats. The Assembly 36 Republicans to 24 Democrats. This secures the election of a Republican U. S. Senator, and also the adoption of the Constitutional amendment. Gen. Slocum, the Democratic Candidate in New York, has been badly defeated by Gen. Barlow, the Union candidate. The whole Union ticket is elected by a majority of 30,000. Of the thirty-two Senators elected twenty-seven are Republicans. In Nevada, Ashley, Republics) n candidate for Congress, has about 1,000 majority. And so likewise in Illinois, Wisconsin Minnesota, Missouri, Ac., the Republicans carry everything by storm, overwhelming the Democracy who are trying to secure their retreat to Delaware, which they are determined to hold at all hazards. Such is the verdict of the people, aud so do they condemn the plottings of the wicked men who have handed together to sesist the onward march of civilization and liberty. THE PRESIDENT'S PLAN. We never had much faith in the President's theory of reconstruction. In fact we doubt if he had, as his practice has generally been directly contrary. But we have generally approved of his practice and wc like the ring of the four points he has submittee as a tine qua non to the Southern States. They run as follows: 1. The Lately revolted States to declare their ordinances ot secession null and void. 2. Repudiate all debts contracted in behalf of the rebellion. 3. Pass laws for the protection of the colored man's rights as a treeman. And, 4. Ratify the Amendment to the Constitution abolishing and forever prohibiting slavery. We have no doubt that more will be required and made known in good time either by the President or Congress. Until then these will answer as a good begining and will doubtless afford food for thought to quite a number of rebels North, as well as South, especially when taken in connection with the results of the late elections. OUR BOOK T ABLE. The Atlantic Monthly for November, is as sprightly as usual and opens with an article in the interest of spiritualism, by Robert Dale Owen, under the title "Why the Putkamner castle was destroyed, "The Rhyme of the Master's Mate, an interesting article by W. R. C. Watcrron, upon the ' 'visible and invisible in libraries. The continuation of Dr. Johns by Ik Marvel, and of the' Chimney Corner Papers, by Mrs. Stowe a "Farewell to Agassiz," by O. W. Holmes and other articles of interest make up the number. Our Toting Folks comes in company with the Atlantic, and is full of pleasant reading, "Half-Hours with Father Brighthopes, jby F. T. Trowbridge, "The Boy of Chiokamangi," by Edmund Kifke, "Fanning for by the author of "Ten Acres Enough" Sir Walter Scott and his Dogs, by Mrs. Stowe,"Sunday Afternoon"by Gail Hamilton and a number of other articles make up this most interesting number. Harper Monthly, for November closes the 31st volume. Its illustrated articles are of real value, bringing the most interesting countries and important works before the eye with accurate description and drawing. This number embraces sixteen articles, four of which are illustrated, the most interesting is "The Great Westminster Canvass" in which the eminent political economist and fast friend of the United State.) J. S. Mill was electedto Parliament by the Liberals. It will repay a careful perusal. Arthur'x Home Magazine. This excellent periodical is one of the best magazines for home circle issued by the American press, and if it could find, a place in every home, would dispense many lessons of true Wisdom and moral worth and would not fail to exert a pure and exalting influence OD the minds of its readers. The Herald of Health for November is something new on our table, judging from the appearance of the work and the titles of the articles (for we have not had time to read them) it promises to be a valuble peri odical. Few persons appreciate health un til they have lost it. Send for the Herald and learn how to preserve what when lost is hard to regain. See advertisement in aiv other column. Blackwoods Edinburg Magazine. The October number contains a continuation of the "Memories of the Confederate War for Indei>endence" by Gen. Stuart's chief of Staff and the usual amount of critical dissertation. Pennsylvania—October Election. 1865 Official. Hon. John Cessna, Chairman of the Union State Central' Committee, furnishes the following table giving the official majorities at the late election as compared with the vote of 1862. Hartranft's majority is 935 greater than was Lincoln's. Auditor Gen'l. Auditor Gen'l 1862. 1865. I zPnSCW 3!^ 22 | J jf £■ ='=r ?*• COUNTIES: 3 p : i j ci . aa : 1 • —i—. j ! " Adams 2,556; 2,966 16 Allegheny.... 12,323' 7.895 j 4,510 Armstrong... 2,250' 2,476 303 Beaver 2,268, 1,734 746; Bedford 1,679 2.320 138 Berks < 4,550 10.464 5,152 Blair 2,485 1,894! 724! Bradford : 6,824 1,761 2,938 Bucks 5,855 6,562 ; 371 Butler 2,770 2,61-5! i 322 Cambria 1 1,535 ; 2,734;! 759 Cameron 196 136. 1 75 Carbon j 997 1,097 196 Centre ; 1,856; 2,687 189 Chester 7,224 4,870 2,116! Clarion ; 1,396 2,355 ; 790 Clearfield 1 1,315! 2,167 780 Clinton 1 1,157 1,544 358 Columbia 1,382 2,952! 1,416 Crawford j 5,006 3,589 1,281 Cumberland.. 2,671 3,515 425 Dauphin 4,150 3,276' 1,627 Delaware 2,772 1,461 1,301 Elk 275 586;; 302 Erie 4,255 2,713 1,794! Fayette 2,709; 3,639 ■ 589 Franklin 3,157 : 3,140 j 117; Fulton 726 1,009! I 174 Forest 82 69; I 27! Greene 949 2,869 ! 1,146 Huntingdon.. 2,466. 1,823 952 ; Indiana 3,396; 1,596; j 2,120 l Jefferson 1,412| 1,483; 79 Juniata 1,094 1,548 223 Lancaster 11,471 6,532 5,366 Lawrence j 2,551 1,053 1,361 Lebanon 3,045, 2,213 1.149 Lehigh 2,806 4,750 1,053 Luzerne 5,768; 8,389 j 807 Lycoming 1 2,608; 3,521 206 McKean 784 628 135 Mercer 8,421: 3,049' 850 Mifflin 1,468; 1,370 49' Monroe 456; 2,118 ; 1 1,509 Montgomery 6,118 6,760j 1,020 Montour ' 765! 1,239! ; 374 North' mptonj 1,969: 4,460 j 1,949 Northumb'd.! 2,085 j 3,068 I 436 Perry 1,917! 1,959 249; Philadelphia 36,124 33,323 8,919 Pike 135 767 587 Potter 1,103; 326 522; Schuylkill j 5,481! 7,075 j 834 Snyder 1,592 1,253 505 Somerset 2.475! 1,415 1,167; Sullivan 1 279, 608;: j 265 Susquehanna 3.945 2,749 ! 1,285 Tioga 2,792 806: 2,226 Union 1,580! 1,155; i 460 Yenango 2,565 2,497 325 Warren 1,868 1,213 j 763 Washington.. 3,734 4,163 503 Wayne 1,819 2,760: 369 Westmorel'd 3,693 5,040 1,007 Wyoming 1,154 1,345, 47 York 4,310 7,396; 2,363 Total 216,616 219,140 46,898 25,882 25,882 21,016 The result of the recent Elections. Rauch. of the Reading Daily Record, thus facetiously sums up the result of the late elections. As a record it is well worthy of being preserved for future reference : Renpbbcan States. Democratic States. Maine. _ Berks county. New Hampshire. Richmond township. Vermont. Perry township. Massachusetts. New Haven, Conn., Connecticut. and Rhode Island. Northampton New York. county, Pa. New Jersey. Also, Maryland. portions Pennsylvania. of Ohio. the Michigan. late Indiana. Rebel Illinois. States lowa. South, Wisconsin. Including Minnesota. Richmond, Nevada. Va Kansas. And California. go West Virginia. forth, Missouri. & c Oregon. etc. A Copperhead Organ oa the Result. The New York Daily Neict says, at the hour at which we go to press this morning there can be no doubt that the great State of New York has again been Tost to the Democracy. The result is entirely inauspicious, as we fearei from the outset it would be. And yet there are features in the canvass—some marked features—which show the fight to have been a gallant one, where the party lines were distinctly and visibly drawn. The Republican candidates are unquestionably elected by a handsome, and to the party itself, an unexpectedly large majority. We have no room or inclination at this moment for comment"We fear that our friends in New Jersey have eone down in the general melee, and that tnev will have to burnish their armor for another and more hopeful conflict beyond New Jersey and New York we care not of course, to look for results,'' FOREIGN NEWS. The German ladies of Leipsic have organized an association to educate poor girls. The recent subsidence of the waters of the Seine, France, led to the recovery of a number of curiosities. Among them was a double faced seal with the arms of Catharine dc Medicis, and a small copper case containing a portrait of Mile, de la Valliere, painted in oil on metal which had lain for 150 years at the bottom of the river. The population of Jamaica is 400,000, of which 10,000 are whites, (55,000 mulattoes, and 315,000 blacks. Equal political privaleges are secured to all. Every male inhabitant, black or white having a freehold worth £lO yearly is entitled to the franchise, and any man having an estate worth £3OO annually or personal property worth £I,OOO, is eligible for a representative. The report that the negro insurrection in Jamacia had been quelied is incorrect. It now seems that the insurgents are making a bold attempt to exterminate the whites and are committing the most revolting cruelties in the effort. Martial law has been declared by the Governor. The American consul at Kingston, Jamaica, expresses the opinion that several months will be required to suppreas the the outbreak, and hopes an American war steamer will be sent there immediately. The Sanitary Congress for the purpose of devising means for repressing the cholera soon to be held at Constantinople, Turkey, will be attended by delegations from England France, Austria, Spain, Portugal, the Roman States, the German States, Denmark, Sweden Belgium, Holland and Greece. Lord Palmers ton is burried in the north transept of Westminister Abbey, where lie burried Castlereagh, Wilberforce, the Cannings, Fox, the Pitts and others of the great of England's dead. Another weekly line of steamships has been established between Liverpool and New York. The ship the Moravian left Liverpool on the Bth inst. This makes five weekly steamers plying from Liverpool to New York. The arrest of supposed Fenians on board American ships still coutinues atQueenstown, Ireland. A correspondent of the N. York Tribune named Alfred M. Williams is among those lately arrested. The National Council is revising the Constitution of Switzerland. Free exercise of ! religion is to be permitted to ail religious communities. An article admitting priests to the Council was defeated. The evacuation of Rome by the French troops began Nov.l. The cattle plague is abating somewhat in England. The Irish population of England and Scotland is 1,500,000. One fourth the population of Liverpool and one fifth of that of Glasgow, j is Irish. A number of persons have recently died in Paris from the free use of alcohol taken as a remedy for cholera. The Danish Ministers have declared that they cannot sanction the revision of the Constitution as proposed by the Rigsraad. DOMESTIC NEWS. There are 86,000 dogs in lowa, and last year $126,188 worth of sheep were destroyed by dogs and wolves. The female clerks in the Patent Office have been notified that their services will be discontinued on the 30th inst. All vessels arriving at Portland, Me., from ports infected with cholera, arc to be detained in quarantine until cleared by a physician. The Sac and Fox Indians have, by treaty with the United States, a reservation in Kansas and an annuity of $51,000; but the Foxes will not live with the Sacs, and have located in lowa and consequently forfeited the annuity which inures to the Sacs. Delegations from both tribes are in Washington for the purpose of making a satisfatory settlement of the matter. The Senate of the American Fenian organization which had been in session in New York for two weeks, adjourned on the 7th inst. General appointments, finance regulations and other important business were acted upon. The machinery for the new constitution is now ready for action. A convention of the colored people of the State of New York assembled in Poughkeepsie on the Btli inst. Delegations from most of the counties in the State were present. The Convention expressed itself in favor of sending delegates to Washington from the different States to urge Congress to grant equal rights to the negroes. RECONSTRUCTION. The Georgia Convention has repudiated the Rebel State debt by a vote of 233 to 107. The election for Governor and Members of Congress and the Legislature, took place in Alabama on the 6th inst. Mr. Bulger is elected Governor. In the message to the Florida Reconstruction Convention, Gov. Marvin urges that the secession ordinance be declared nulland void: advocates the adoption of the amendment to the National Constitution forever prohibiting Slavery, and favors the admission of negro testimony in the coarts, but is opposed to granting them the franchise. The South Carolina Legislature has elected ex-Gov. John L. Manning U. S. Senator for the short term, ending in 1867. The total number of freedmen under the direct control of the Freedraen's Bureau is 33,007, principally in the District of Columbia, Maryland and Virginia. Of these, 2,445 were under medical treatment during the month of October, and 679 are now under treatment. POLITICAL. The Republican majority in New-Jersey is about 3,000. The Legislature stands: Senate, 11 Republicans and 10 Democrats: Assembly, 38 Republicans and 22 Democrats. The Republican majority in New-York is about 2<,000. The Legislature will stand: Senate, 27 Republicans and 6 Democrats; Assembly, 86 Republicans and 42 Democrats. The County elections in Illinois resulted generally in the succes of the Republicans. In Maryland the Union Ticket for County officers is elected in nearly every county. Both Houses of the Legislature are Union. Mr. J. Mills, Democrat, has been elected Mayor of Detroit, Mich. SOUTHERN NEWS. The City Council of St. Louis have taken measures to secure the cleanlines of the city, in erder to prevent cholera. The final negro ball took place in Nashville, Tenn., last week the Mayor having prohibited that amusement for the future, pistols and knives being flourished too freely on such occasions. WASHINGTON NEWS. The Approaching Trial of Jefferson Davis—An Anthentic Statement of the Causes of the Delay—Correspondence on the Subject-Between the President and Chief-Justice Chase. WASHINGTON, Thursday, NOV, 0. The recent reports about the trial of Jeff. Davis, tending to create the belief that be was not to be tried at all, have, as we have heretofore maintained, no foundation whatever. The cause of the delay was privately understood, and its removal being probable, at an early day, we have not deemed it advisable to print the technical matters of difference which have existed between the President and Chief-Justice Chase, but erroneous statements having become public, it is proper that the facts, as they exist, should l>e known. The following statement from this evening's Republican we know to proceed from the best authority and to be entirely correct. It fully explains the delay in regard to the long expected trial: For months President Johnson has expressed the greatest anxiety to bring to a legal issue the question whether treason is a crime and whether it can be punished as such. He has not only consulted his constitutional advisers, his cabinet and the proper law officers of tne government on the subject, but he has also invited to his counsel some of the most eminent constitutional and criminal lawyers in the land. Among these may be properly mentioned the name of Chief-Justice Chase, who came here from Ohio some time in August last, at the specialinvitation of the President, to consult on the general subject of-trials for treason. Subsequently, about-' the first of (lotober last, President Johnson addressed a letter to Chief-Justice Chase, informing him that it might become necessary for the government to prosecute some high crimes and misdemeanors committed against the United States within the District of Virginia. Chief- Justice Chase's circuit, and inquiring whether the Circuit Court of the United States for that district is so far organized and in condition to execute its functions, that the Chief-Justice, or either of the Associate Justices of the Supreme Court, would hold a term of the Circuit Court there during the Autumn or early Winter for the trial of causes. About the middle of October, Chief-Justice Chase replied to the President's letter. He positively stated that his Circuit Court for the District of Virginia, either to he presided over by himself or one of his associates, would not hold a term "during rhe Autumn or early Winter. He stated that the regular term authorized by Congress w< uld commence this year on the 27th of November, the present month, only one week before the annual term of the Supreme Court, when all the Judges are required to be present, allowing but one week for the Circuit Court to sit. which in the opinion of the Chief-Justice, would be too short a term for the transaction of any very important business. But the Chief-Justice adds that, were the facte otherwise, he so much doubts the propriety of holding Circuit Courts of the United States in States which have been declared by the executive and legislative departments of the National Government to be in rebellion, and. therefore, subjected to martial law. before the complete restoration of their broken relations with the nation, and the supersodure of the military by the civil administration, that he would be unwilling to hold such courts in such States, within his circuit, which includes Virginia, "until Congress shall have had an opportunity to consider and act on the whole subject. The Chief- Justice expressed to the President the opinion that a civil court in a district under martial law can only act hv the sauetiou and under the supervision of the military power; and he. positively asserts that he could not think that it becomes the Justices of the {supreme Court to exercise jurisdiction under such conditions. WASHINGTON, NOVEMBER D 5. The lutelliffencr of this morning says that at a conservative meeting in Nc-w Creek, Virginia, last week, the leading Democratic orator uttered the following sentiment: "The assassination of Abraham Lincoln was a merciful dispensation, but it would lie a still more merciful dispensation if his unworthy successor, Andrew Johnson, should he assassinated." lie has since been made the subject of an arrest, and is now in Cumberland jail. Wirz Hung at lo'3s.—His Last Speech Appearance on the Scaffold.—What He Thought of The American Eagle. WASHINGTON, NOVEMBER 10. LEI> TO THE GAI.LOWS. At ten minutes past ten o'clock Wirz was led out into the jail yard back of the Old Capitol, aud accompanied by two Catholic priests and Major Russell, he ascended the steps leading to the gallows with a firm step He had on a cloak of black chintz, and one arm was hanging in a sling. T\ hile the specifications and findings were being real by Major Russell, he sat under the noose in a chair, and his two confessors bent over him, reading the service. He gazed around upon the soldiers and spectators without wavering or manifesting any trepidation. EFFORTS FOR PARDON. Every effort was made to get the President to pardon him, but he turned a deaf car to all entreaties. WIR/.'S STATEMENT. M irz has made a statement to General Haker, which will probably be published soon. ETERNITY. At 10.35 the drop fell, his neck was not! broken and he struggled several minutes, when he finally died. He presented the boldest appearance to the very last, and refused to say he forgave his enemies, or those whom he' considered had persecuted him. IIIH LAST SPEECH. He spoke last night of the American eagle as nothing but a d—d buzzard, and he says he is sorry for nothing he has done. IMPORTANT FROM NEW ORLEANS. NEW ORLEANS, Nov. 7. The total vote of this city at the election on Monday was two-thirds of that polled before the war. The county parishes, so far, give the Democratic the predominance. The conservatives are nowhere. The negroes had nine polls opened in this city, and two or three in places opposite the city. Gen. Fullerton has issued two circulars, one reminding the freedmen that the time is approaching to make contracts for labor for another year, and the second directing all officers and agents collecting the school tax to make their report, stating the amount of their collections Trade between Mexico and Texas is increasing and promises to be large. Many well known planters in Texas have adopted a plan to get freedmen to pick their cotton which meets with great success, 'flic plan is to pay at once, every evening, for the cotton picked by each hand during the day. This is an important fact as a great portion of the cotton in Texas remains unpicked, the freedmen refusing to work. The Austin, Texas, papers say a State Convention will be called about the first of February. Louisiana Election. NEW ORLEANS, Nov.B. The election yesterday was quiet and orderly. Wells for Governor, and Vorhoes for Lieutenant Governor, carried the city by an overwhelming majority. L. S. Martin, of the First Congressional district, Jacob Baker of the Second district, and R. C'. Kicklcff, of the Third, all Democrats, were elected to Congress by large majorities. The Ixurislature will be entirely Denmcrutic. FROM NEW YORK. Mysterious Disappearance of Hon Preston King NEW YORK, NOV. 14. A little boy and and girl saw a gentleman answering the description of Preston King, ?ump overboard from one of the Hoboken ferry boats on Monday morning. They cave been sent for, and from them further particulars may be learned. The hat brough to the city has lieen recognized by Mr. Thurlow Weed, 31 r. King's private secretary, and Mr. Usher, deputy naval officer. Mr. King stated to a very intimate friend on Monday night that he wsuld not sec him again. Knowing that Mr. Cing had been for some time laboring under a depression of spirits, he took hut little notice of the matter. His health has beeu poor for some and latterly had shown indications of a softening of the brain. He had only returned to the city last Saturday from a visit to his home in St Lawrence county. He went to the Astor Pouse, and there remained with his friend. On Monday morning he arose, dressed himself and said to his relatives, who slept in the same room with him, that he wished to take a walk and preferred going alone and about eight o'clock he went up town. . Since his return from the country, he had suffered more than ever from depression of (he mind. He was next heard of on board a ferry boat returning from Christopher street to Hoboken. It was reported yesterday morning that a man had jumped overboard. Four of Mr. King's friends visited the boat to day, and found that a gentleman answering the description of Mr. King, had entered the l*>at yesterday morning at nine o'clock; had remained on the stern end, and when the boat was midway in the stream, was seen by two children, and the passengers on that end of the boat to take off his hat and jump overhoard. The alarm was givun and the boat stopped but the body was not seen by any one on hoard. As the tide was falling at the time, it is possible that the body was washed out to sea. The men employed on the boat had seeu a man answering Mr. King's description get on board of the boat. All parts: of this story are strangely confirmed. 3lr. King has been much perplexed ever since his appointment over affairs at the Custom House, which weighed heavily on his mind and undoubtedly culminated in his death. Those most intimate with him, have carefully watched his failing health and recently Jie has Jieen attended by a companion, who occupied a room with him at the Astor House, and watched his movements. Mr. King was a bachelor. New York Election. BUFFALO, Nov. 9. Wells, the Republican candidate for Mayor. has 302 majority. Eric county is now claimed by the Republican by about 1,000 majority, although the full returns for the county will not be in for several days. LATEST MEXICAN ADVICES. Siege of Matamoras Continues —Citizens in a Starving Condition. NEW YORK. NOV. 11. —The New Orleans lime* Brownsville corresiHindence of j the 2d says: The eitizens of Matamoras are , already in a starving condition. Accounts j state that the Imperial troops are but little j better off. Many late Confederate officers j arc fighting with the liberals. It is report- | ed that there are two transports at the mouth of the Rio Grande loaded with French j troops, to reinforce the garrison at .Matamoras, who will find it rough work coming up the river, as the Liberals hold both banks of Silver City. A Ranehero despatch of the 31st ultimo says the usual artillery firing and skirmishing continues. The steamer Eugene arrived on the 30th. {subsistence, supplies and reiuforcements are hourly expected. Gen. Baird has arrived, and succeeds Gen. Fullerton as Comniissianer of Freedmen Affairs in Louisiana. NEW YORK, Nov. 11. —Additional intelligence says that Canak-s is approaching | Matamoras from Camarjo with a force of j five hundred men for the Liberal besiegers. I TROUBLE ON THE BORDER. Prow the Hartford Courant, For. 13. We heard, through a semi- official source last evening, that trouble was brewing on the Canada border, arising from the desertion of British soldiers. Our informant stated that a Lieutenant in Her Majesty's army crossed with a company of marines from Canada into Maine for the purpose of arresting several deserters. Upon their arrival on ''neutral soil," the marines would not acknowledge the authority of their commanding officer, declareing themselves free, and refused to return with him. Application was made to the United States authoritiesto have the men given up, which was refused, and, it was stated that there was danger of an outbreak. The authorities at Washington were advised, and Hancock's corps was ordered to rendezvous in Maine. This is substantially the statement made to us, that there is a movement of troops is certain. The company attached to Hancock's corps stationed in this city received orders yesterday to report at Augusta, Me. and seventy two men, all of the company who were able to start left here on the mail train last night From the Hartford Post, Nov. 13. The veteran Reserves, stationed in this city, left for Augusta, Me., on the train last evening. It was rumored that it was either to prevent the Fenians from invading Canada or to prevent the British soldiers from capturing deserters from their army who have fled to the United States. War between Spain and Chili—Blockade of the Chilian Ports. NEW YORK, Nov. 10. By the arrival of the steamer Ocean Queen we have Panama advices to October 31. War has been declared between Spain and Chili, and all the ports of the latter country have been declared blockaded by Admiral l'enesa, commander of the Spanish squadron,since tlie£4th ult.,ten days being allowed for vessels then in port to clear. The Chilian Congress has authorized a loan of twenty millions of dollars, and invested the Executive with unlimited power to raise troops, procure ships, etc. The diplomatic corps in Chili protest emphatically against the mode of blockade, the Admiral proposing to maintain it by means of Cruisers. The panic occasioned by this sudden rupture was unprecedented in Chili. Business was grentlv prostrated. The English line of steamers between Panama and Valparaiso are determined to receive no passengers or freight for any point south of Bolivia. It is believed the mails carried by these steamers will be received at Cabija by an English gunboat and carried along the Chilian coast. Muryland Election. BALTIMORE, NOV. U. Returns from the Eastern Shore indicate the defeat of Spencer, the Union candidate forjudge of the 12th Judicial district, and the election of Franklin. In one district of Montgomery county no election took place. The judges appointed having been disqualified citizens, the Register refused to let them have the lists of registered voters. The Union party have elected four out of the five judges voted for in the State. From Alabama. , CINCINNATI, NOV. T). Reports from Alabama concede the election of Bulger, for Governor, by i small mnjority. FROM EUROPE. Arrival of the "City of Washington" .Spain and the slave trade--The British CaUaet'-The French troops to be withdrawn irom Mexico—The arrest of an American Colonel in Dublin Ammunition and money found in his Possession. .SANDY HOOK, Nov. 13. The steamer City of Washington, from Liverpool on the Ist, via Queenstown on the 2d, has passed here. The steamer Edinburgh, from New York, arrived at Southampton on the 30th ult. The steamer Bremen, from New York, arrived at Southampton on the 31st ult. The steamer North America, from Quebec, arrived at Londonderry, on the Ist inst. The St. Andrew, from Quebec, arrived at Greenock on the 2d. Nothing official has transpired concerning the new British Cabinet. GREAT BRITAIN. There is still no announcement of the Ministerial arrangements. Lord Clarendon will certainly be the Minister of Foreign affairs. The Globe claims forbearance for the reconstituted Ministry until Lord Russell shall be enabled to lay before Parliament his programme. upon the satisfactory character of which its existence will depend. The Daily News fully expects the introduction of a Government Reform bill. The Morning Post thinks a Reform bill extremely doubtful, the nation being too in different. The Prince and Princess of Wales paid their expected visit to Liverpool on the 31st. Business was entirely suspend, and they received a perfect ovation. The British Government has ordered all the restrictions on American vessels-of- war to be removed. The Paris correspondent of the London Morning Dost says that the intended with drawal of Frame from Mexico has lately assumed a more decided character. Maxi milian would recruit more in Austria and Belgium. It is proposed to permit French officers and men to take the oath of allegiance to Maximilian if inclined to do so. Maximilian would then find himself surrounded entirely by his own army. The Post says it can scarcely be supposed that the United States Government, would wish to replace such a Government in order to return to republican confusion and anatcby. In course of time public feeling in America will acknowledge the liberal sovereign now endeavoring to raise Mexico to civilization. Individual arrests of the Fenians are continued. The proprietor of the Irish People is attempting to bring actions against the liord Lieutenant and other authorities for the suppression of his paper. FRANCE. The French journals deny that France has made an effort to exercise a moral influence on the Austrian policy towards Frankfort. ITALY. The Italian elections have resulted highly favorable to the Government. THE LATEST. THE FRENCH ARMY IN MEXICO TO BE WITHDRAWN. The Paris correspondent of the London Times says: —It is generally reported in Paris that the French army in Mexico is to be withdrawn by instalments, and that by August or September of next year the whole wili have returned to France. This resolution is said to be adopted not only from a desire to afford no reasonable ground of com| plaint to tlie United States, but also on eeo; noinic grounds. Gen. Kauzler has been appointed Papal Minister of War. Merode has resigned on account of ill health. Two French frigates had arrived at Civi ita Veccbia for trench troops, which are now commencing the evacuation of Rome. AUSTRIA. The Emperor of Austria has appointed a new commissioa to control the public debt. The Bavarian and other German States bad agreed-to propose to the Federal Diet that the Holstem Estate be convoked: that Selileswig be incorporated with Germany; and that the confederation pay the expenses of the late war. SPAIN. It is stated that Spain has informed England tiiat she intends taking active measures for the suppression of the slave trade. INDIA. The latest Bombay dates are to the 11th of October, Cotton was dull. TbediscouDt rate had been raised two percent, at Calcutta and Bombay. " IRELAND. ARREST OF AN AMERICAN COLONEL IN DUBLIN. On the 28th of October, a gentleman giving the name of Lieutenant James Henry Laler, 9th Regiment Connecticut Volunteers, was arrested at Dublin on the arrival of a steamer from Liverpool. A revolver, two hundred rounds of rifled patent bull cartridges, said to be poisoned, a box of percussion caps, four military drill-books, four commissions bearing his name as Lieutenant and Colonel in the Connecticut Volunteers, and also £3B 10s. in gold were found in his possession. He is supposed to be in the Fenian interest, and was remanded for investigation- He asserted that he visited Ireland for the purpose of seeing an uncle, and intended shortly to return to America. RIO JANEIRO. Advices from Rio Janeiro to the 10th of October have been received via England. They confirm the capture of Uruguayans by the allies; f>ooo Paraguayans were made prisoners. The recent murder of Grove—The guilt of John Clare. BALTIMORE, NOV. 10. The watch and chain belonging to Grove, the photographist, murdered here a fortnight since, have been recovered in Washington, where John Clare, who is now under arrest, charged with the murder, sold them. His guilt is unmistakable. Alabama Election. The Majority for Bulger, for Governor, over Calton H. Smith, is 1.340. Langdon's majority over Cleveland 11. Mathews, for State Senator, is 1,041. CURIOUS DISCOVERT. — Class may even be turned in a lathe. Strange as it seems, this is literally true. No special tools even arc needed. Any amateur turner, who has onerated on either of the metals may chuck a piece of glass on his lathe, and turn it with the same tools, and in the same way as he would a piece of steel, only taking care to keep thr chips from his eyes. This strange discovery was made, almost accidentally, in the early part of 18r0, by one of our most celebrated mechanical engineers, and might have been patented, but the inventor contented himself with simply putting it on record, and generously presented it to the nation. The consequence was that no one thought or eared anything about it, and the idea nas been suffered to be ; nearly barren, though capable of being turned to great account. Let any amateur mechanic make the experiment and he will be surprised at the ease with which this seemingly intractible material may be cut and fashioned according to his will.— ChamberM' Journal. „. T DISBANDING OF THE ARMY.— The IV u n F to " ( 'h r "" !clt ' sa J' s that the opinion which obtains in some quarters, that the army has been almost entirely disbanded, is incorrect. It has not been reduced to such an extent as some people seem to suppose. Tts full ami available strength exceeds one hundred and eighty thousand men. of which aonitf one-hail in on each >ide of (he 3lississippi river. SOMETHING ABOUT READING, —While many do not read at ail in these times, there are those who read too much, particularly the young. A moderate amount of reading and plenty of" observation is what will develone the youthful mind. In an article upon the "Physicians and Surgeons of a By-gone Generation, a foreign journal describes Abemethy conversing thus with a patient : "1 opine, says he. "that tnore than half your illness arises from too much reading." On my answering that tny reading was chief lv history, which amused while it instructed, he replied, that is no answer to mv Question. At your time of life, a young fellow should endeavor to strengthen hi* constitution and lay in a stock of health. Besides, too much reading never made an able man. It is not so much the extent and amount of what we read that serves us, as what we assimilate and make our own. "It is to that, to use an illustration borrowed from my profession, that constitutes the chyle of the mind. I have always found that really iudolent men, men of what I call flabby intellects, are great readers. It i- far easier to read than to think, to reflect or observe: and these fellows, not having jcarned to think, cram themselves with the ideas or words of others. This they call study, but I think it is not so. In my own profession I have observed that the greatest men are not the mere readers, but tTie men who observed, who reflected, who fairly thought out an idei. To learn to reflect and observe is a grand desideratum for a. young man. .John Hunt owed to his power of observation that fine discrimination, that keen judgment, that intuitiveness that hepossessed in a greater degree than any other surgeon of his time." ADMINISTRATORS' NOTICE. Estate of PET Eli OS/IOHS late of Wett Providence township, deceased. Letters of administration on said estate having been granted by the Register of Bedford County to the subscriber, persons having claims or demands against the said estate are requested to present them properly authenticated for settlement and those indebted are notified to make immediate payment. JOSEPH FIRHE' Oct. 20, '65. Adm'r. A DMINISTRATOK'S NOTICE. A Estate of STEPPES TICK Eli late of B-dford Ilurouijh, defeased. Notice is hereby given that Letters of Administration have been granted to the undersigned, residing in Bedford Borough. by the Register of Bedford county, on the said estate. All persons indebted to said estate will make immediate payment, and those having claims against the same must present them properly authenticated for settlement. E. M. ALSIP, Oct. 20, '65. Administrator. ADMINISTRATORS NOTICE. Estate, oj ADAM OTTO, late of Sopiejr township defeased. Letters of Administration baring been granted*, to the undersigned, by the Register of Bedford county. All persons indebted to said Estate are hereby notified to make immediate payment, and those having claims against the Estate will present them, properly authenticated, for settlement. LEVI OTTO, Oct. 20, '65. Administrator. i DM IN IS T R ATOM'S NOTICLT six Estate aj Thomas H, V.'riyht, late of St.Clair township, deceased. Letters of Administration having been granted to the undersigned, by the Register of Bedford county, on said estate, all persons indebted to said estate are hereby notified to make immediate payment, and those having claims against the same must present them properly authenticated for settlement. EDWIN V. WRIGHT, ALBERT WRIGHT, Nov. 3:6t Administrators. ADMINISTRATOR'S NOTICE. Estate of 11 At SA YL 08, t'l'.e of St. Clair township, deceased. Notice is hereby given that letters of Administration have been granted to the undersigned, residing in tit. Clair twp., by the Register of Bedford county, on said estate. All persons indebted to said estate will make immediate payment, and those having claims against the same are requestted to present them forthwith for settlement. Nov. 3:6t JAMES M. SMITH, Adm'r. ADMINISTRATOR'S NOTIf E Eetnte nf SAMUEL AHMSTt.ONG, fate aj Snake Spring toienehip, deceased. Letter? of administration on said estate having been grauted by the Register of Bedford county to the subscribers, residing in said township, all persons having claims or demands against the said estate are requested to present them properly authenticated for settlement, and those indebted are notified to make immediate payment. JOHN ARMSTRONG DANIEL SNYDER, Oct. 20, '65. Administrators. PROPOSALS For building a covered bridge across Bobb's Creek, near Mowry's mill in Union township will be received at the Commissioners' office, up to the 20th day of November, (Court week). Plan and specifications can be seen at our office in Bedford. The bridge to be 75 feet long—single span. By order of the Commissioners. J NO. G. FISHER, Clerk. Oct. 27, '65. PORTA NT TO THE LADIES. THE CHEAPEST AND BEST FASHIONABLE MILLINERY AND FANCY (.GODS can bo obtained at the acw Millinery and Fancystore just established by Mrs. M. R. SCHAFER A- Miss KATE DEAL. Two doors North of Reamer's Drug Stors, JULIANA STREET. Miss KATE DEAL has just returned from the eastern cities with a fine selection of latest s;ylc of MILLINERY and FANCY GOODS; having been assisted in her selection by a Philadelphia lady of taste and experience. They keep constantly on hand the latest styles of Bonnets, Hats, Scarfs, Hosiery, Gloves, Dress Trimmings. Raffling, Pocket Handkerchiefs, Cloths for Coats A Cloaks, Zephyrs, Breakfast Capes, Ladies' A Childrcns' Hoods, and everything that is generally sold in a LADIES FANCY STORE. CLOAKS AND COATS for ladies and children made to order. Their prices are as low as the lowest. Having purchased their goods at an advantage, they can sell to customers for a little less than ordinary prices. Nov. 3.:1y MILLENERY A FANCY GOODS. Mrs. E. V. IVI ovvry. Takes pleasure in returning her thanks to the Ladies of Bedford and the country, for their past patronage, and hopes they will not i.e deceived, but call and examine bet stock t.! goods, just received from the city, purchased by an experienced business lady there, who has all tli. advantages of knowing the latest styles, and w!.. re to purchase them cheaply. Iler stock consists of a general assortment of Faiiey Millenepj < ;<!. with the addition of CLOAKS, COATS, FURS, BALMORAL SKIItT , HOOP SKIRTS. CORSETS A NOTIONS. N. B. All who have standing an outs will P j Sl ' c "" "ad settle, as she desires to otoso her old books and do a cheap cash business. MRS. E. V. NIO'VKY. Oct. 27, 1565.-3 mo* IJI BLIC SALE OF A Valuable Kcal F state. The subscriber will offer at public sale, •■u the premises, cm FRIDAY, the first day of I> .-ember, 1565, .-it 12 o'clock (noon) the following dworibed valuable tritet of Land, situate ,n Hopeweb township, containing 111 Acres of land, about seventy-five (lores eloarcd and in a good stale of <ulttvation, the balance well timbered, with a good two story weather boarded DWELLING HOUSE, 20 by 30 feet, Double Log Barn, Clover Mill, and V-o e , r buildings. There are also THREE of good IRON ORE running :hmup:hihe property. * " lie will also sell at the same time and place Two head of Horace, five head of miieh cows three head ot V oung Cattle, twelve bead of .Sheep, six head of Hogs, Hay hv the ton, Oats and Corn by the bushel: IV agon Harness and farming utensils too Hum- roue to mention. . erms u.ade known on dav of sale. N " v> '"-(it THUS. N. YOUNG.

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