# The Times from London, Greater London, England · Page 5

Publication:
Location:
London, Greater London, England
Issue Date:
Wednesday, November 17, 1915
Page:
Page 5

THE TIMES. WEDNESDAY. NOVEMHETi 17. 191K A SURVEY OF CIVIC ECONOMY. SAVING OX PUBLIC SERVICES. REPORTS FROM THE COUNTRY. UVn I he need of private and public economy wi rr Jz.xl it bocame obvious that the munici- n M would have to set their house in order M v. -aid with few exceptions they have taken t J'- l with the matter. For years past jjt in all parts of the country had been "steadily. partly of course because of B..w datu jin osed by Parliament on the j.-jnirtpalitK partly on account of elaborate n-cvetiient and clearance ftcbemeo and it jin-iord if there was little chance of any halt uA.nut some drastic action from the centre. 'w itii the beginning of the war. however the f icti rhanged. The Local Government Board l known that a rigorous control of all local rulUure was a national doty. Freed r. ib'- anxieties of the November elections. r t of the municipalities appointed special retrenchment committee to BOO how their could bo reduced and we pubtisb thin reports from many of the large muni- which show how the tendency to is progrrtwing. c. Throughout thn war the Finance Conf the City Ubonnl LAA Ujcn preaching m nr l the various spen ding commitlne ii it e tiraated that a taring of about 3OOOO I b. fffurt -d' in the pn-wnt half-year. lntendr d ii.rri- have bn-n deferred and expenditure -i vt iinproTeinaatJi and other public work Hut for the war the work of laying d urn th' thrd pipe w fawTeajing tke supply of t r from VTales woofd bare been carried out at n oUn-Jd font of afcoot 6I.OOO.MM. jnvnrw.H. XThtn war broke out Edinburgh f n t uncil utoT-ped all except mnnnenU.rve i.t.ifa i nditon\ tbn only capital outlay being -.r E.-W -lectrie hgktug Italian wkich TU i' rn' T lurewiary. 1 current expenditure a sora iiv -vinas ved on Urwta and everaj thousand m iuUK licking d oth r department Em- v iJiaMBff have the dillejTnoe in their Army cwd up to them which mean an annual .p.niture of 27.000. The rates hare been r- a -d by one r -mry u tLe pound and but for to .mpJoyes by 3d. Inquine are T. m u -J to how expenditure can be further Corporation have born effecting j. -e D"nir in a quiet way. Although street ians "M rrctncted to 80 per cent only within 'It ciinUh half of the street lamps hare been u-i.it f' r 'mnnUu to nave the consumption of coal. r niumnpal d partments ara withhal fi&amp;g con- 'r -v s ks to be abte to carry on with short ctafls. j. v prnT o- -J to oipen l wort on the extension Kj ai- for tV raunjapal bwldinffj. mi- MiniKi aethntx hare been -rut down I- Lti1' now rrgwded as tie irreducible minhaom -nt iU pnbue kealth. No capital x- i i atur i" l 3 -anl rked upon and for certain I wtuc indiipr DB W orh M clerical wUiiT in Uie Town Hall and the train ways women I. l i i f-mplor'J u tii the pUors of men who l.lv rlr t. i.t Ailuwanr.ii to CorporaUon i-m- wli'i tiiv ruliabd involve an expenditure r.ulv Hs'i.ow" Work h b n stopped on the at I iundhay. and very little "u truet cU-inuiff or in th Tho ror ratkm w s /unoog the flrrt Vi not- Uic nr v ity or rrdnrcd expenditure .I'miig-tSK- woi w.d vrr initiated a tfsiaa .f .iiwim r pitl -jp--nditure waa topped nd -.rdii l 'K nTB.- Ting chrm Wer put in kK'Tjnr. hitjtii.nu. have also been eCected m mnnircp d ijai1iJK nU. i wi i-Tix. Tk V rporation H now lijiiuirJi it sob-ermmiM -s in carefully invo tjr iihi ry i tnvit A asr 'rtin wSat economics is t. v lh t in Hri iirm T wli.-r. T.T xil'l. a/id it U bnlioTed r iuo- ita expenditure H. Tli fV rf t tion d ruled to postpone r litur.- ponM. nd haa given fj"i- r ro JJ nirn1 t oil down ordinary wmiitiirt Vi sfiiilc -wii-rs u arriTed at -i- i. r. ir ff N fh. r. jit malpamation of the 'Is T'IMI Urp outlay u bejcg incurred on T tnmway rr\ires. For the fir t the -.ir'm 1 ttu- Trr-u IUK been obtatmxL and i1 wjar u Ui S.KXJHI payiaent will ke pcetponed i. -f \b wjn. llu-iv u liUle pro p t tn u. -ai tanr i of any fc TEg which will Intod I j r. Uatil if liny n urtion of the rates. 'RUSSIA'S DAY. Till HOSPITAL IN PETROGRAD. 'V ujn. -.if the Anflo-Kuvian Hospital one f the appeal of lluhfiia'i Day to\-n -.nd from I &amp;djr Hibyl Orey. who r- -MM Uicni iu IVuvRrad a report of the n ni uic f..r its a vommodati n there. r i n -d.d utate of the city the use 1 I''IIB.-I .f the j Uoe of the Grand Dnke -iMn f tho Tsar. U u in the principal i 'f"irrJ jii.st p oRite the palace of the T Krn n M. li w not prwwible to hoasrt the O ur-i'ital staff there but at a ehort dU 4\ th. mf-mlHTS of a club hare handed over T rrnt frn orw floor of their bnfldlng. The pr pmiot thr paliKe-for hospital tw is pro- f rapdh but it enUiU very considerable UN and m addition Uw pric -a of fuel and .ni.- ri w lifh m Vtn r d t ha V the re ia MI L. a b ivy dmin on the resoureea of the llospitaj rationu al will have to be 4 J out of the f uada. i .r.f'im ton cn be obtained from th lion i .n. us. Vi- ona- tr t London H.W and -'Tpji Iu nt uu.n or to Me r Haring Hr "in.Kv.t.- K.C. Chexitwa should be croB-d i-uing Hrt and Cx Limited Cmf rt h. "t to Ldy Owui Kiilippa 7 atone-.W. TUT CFXSOR AGAIX. m formed that a young lady writing recently j'in io in a pre incr of war in Germany d. tn informing him of her father's inU-ntioi i- hnmll party to shoot pheasanU on his tl.at ffttlH-r has great dtiiculty in getting TV valuable piece of military information leii by tto DEATH OF PROFESSOR MELDOLA. WORK IN COAL-TAR DYES. We regret to announce the death of Professor Raphael Meldola which occurred yesterday at the age of 66 at his home in Brunswick-square. Professor Meldola was one of the comparatively few chemists in this country who had actual practical experience in the manufacture of coal-tar colours. After attending the Royal School of Mines he entered the colour factory of Messrs. Williams Thomas and Domer at Brentford and after remaining there for about' two years became a member of tho teach ing staff in the Royal College of Science South Kensington where for u time he was private assistant to Sir Edward Frank land in the research laboratory. He next became Assistant to Sir Norman Lockyer in the Solar Physics Laboratory with the object of gaining experience in astronomical and spectroncopic work and in 1876 ho WAS in charge of a Government expedition which was sent to the Nicobar LjUnda to observe tho i total eclipse of the sun. On boa return he received an appointment in the colour works j of Mfertrs. Brooke Simpson and Spilkr at Hackney Wick and daring the eight years ho pent there be made some hnprrtant inventions or discoveri in connexion with coal-tar dycu. He left this position in 18S5 to become Pro- foGM r of Chemistry in Finabury Technical CoDejru but though he thus severed any j official connexion with the coal-tar colour j industry lio always mfcintauv-d hi. intt-roB't i in t. Even t that time he fore-1 aw the decadence of that industry in this country unless ite methods were reformed. Ue always refused to admit that factors such an industrial alcohol and our patent laws were the cause of ita decay and stodfantry proclaimed that chnmical research was the prime- factor in its development and that its decline in this country dated from the time j that Continental manufacturers allied themselves with pure science and British manu- j fACturers neglected such aid. So recently OH the beginning of this year in connexion with the British Dyes Company of the advisory' council of which he waa appointed chairman last July he protested strongly in a. letter to The Times acainst the subordination of science to business in an industry in which science ehould govern the directorate. He was also an authority on photographic j chemistry and in 1901 published a book on th Chemical Synthesis of Vital Products. OuUude chemistry he had an interest in biological mirations. Ho wan editor and trans lator of Weismann's Studies in the Theory of Dofcccnt in 1882-83 and served as president of tho Entomological Society in 1895-97 and one of his hobbies was the study of mimicry in butterflies. Among tha honours he received were th presidencies of the Chemical Society the Society of Chemical Industry the Society of j yers and Colourista and tho Institute of rhemistry. He became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1886 and in 1913 was awarded ita 11 3avy ftledal. In 1910 he was Herbert Spencer Lecturer at Oxford University from which he' received the honorary degree of IXSc. j The funeral will be at the Jewish Cemetery at Golders Green to-morrow at 1L MR. C. M. GREXFELL. The death took place in London on Monday of Sharks llolyneux Qrenf ell late Lieutenant 10th Liussars. I i He was the son of the late C. W. flrenfell. M.P. i and married in 1S87 tho lion. M&amp;bel Mills sister of tho present Lord Uillingdon and leaves one daughter ftylvia who tnamod Captain Arthur Watts- Itaiscll. Mr. Grenfell wus a noted nder in hia youth winning the Kadir Cup in India. lie took part in Egyptian campaign of IK&amp;Vand 1886. MRS. PANKHDRST'S MEETING CANCELLED. REFUSAL TO LET THE HALL. The managing couxil of the Royal Albert Hall aare refused to allow the meeting organized by the WJSJMJ. to demand the loyal and rigorous conduct of the war to take place there to-morrow. Mrs. I Fankhnmt waa announced as the chairman aid Lord Wllloaghby de Broke Mr. Annan Bryce M.P. and Mrs. Annie Kermey were to hare spoken. In a letter cooTeying this decision the s-crttary pointed out tkat the hail was Jet for a great patriotic meeting but that In the opinion of the council a j mcetiag of the character stated in the circular kUer could not be d ocnbed as patnotic. This letter which was circulated privately contained a new version of the objects of the meeting. It announced that Anziety conocrning the Gorernmejit's conduct of the nation's affairs durmg the war has been steadily growing for some time past. The betrayal of Serbia has come as a final and tragic proof that neither the honour nor thri interests of tLe nation are safe in the present hands and that in particular the lYime Minister and Sir Edward Grey are unfit for the great and responsible positions they hold. On Monday the text of the letter became known for the first time and from that moment many of those who bad supported the meeting in its original form refused further countenance to it The W.S.P.U. now announce A meeting win be held. The time place and date will be announced later. Ticket-holders are asked to retain their tickeU for a few days until further arrangements hare been made. j Kir John Simon who had not then heard of the cancellation stated In the House of Commons yester day in reply to question as stated in our Parliamentary report tha to attempt to stop such a meeting by Government action would be to gh e it a wholly false importance. At a malintf held at the London Opera House yesterday it aid of tha Cinema Ambulance Fund for purchasing an ambulance convoy for the Hntish lied Cncs Society at a cost of 30,000 Sir George Alexander announced that up to the present the proceeds ol the Cinema Day movement had been over 25,000. Yesterday's performance ia expected to produce about Prepare for the Winter Campaign by fitting Non-Skid Tyres The strongest and most reliable of all Non-Skid Tyres is the Wood Milne Steel Studded The Studs CANNOT Come Loose Milne STEEL-STUPDED NON-SKID ft RES. GUARANTEED 3,500 MILES Fitted Diagonally with Wood-Milne Special All Rubber Non-Skids they form The Ideal Combination g WOOD-MILNE LTD. PRESTON 'l'i" -r r mfort. rnvfn. Telephone 411 s Mturhfoter Av. K.O. 'Grmra Byturninf. London. Theme Oily 4797. s IlIllHTDU I1IUMINOHAM. IIELFXST. DUBLIN GL.VSOOW. s raiutiramniaiiiiiraifflifliDiniM COUNCILS OF EMPIRE. DOMINIONS AFTER THE WAR LORD ROSEBERT'S FORECAST. The Earl of Rosebery M Chancellor of the University of Londonpre8ided yesterday evening at University College when Professor J. H. Morgan gave the first of a senes of five Rhodes Lectures on The Was- and the Political Unitv of the Empire. Before the lecture Lord Rosebery inspected a guard of honour provided by the University O.T.C. LORD ttosEBEBT In a short peech at the close of the lectore said he coold not foBow Protanor Morgan orer the whole of hU territory and domain bnt he would Eke to state his complete agTeement with the theais that th old Bnrvpe as we knew It had disappeared never to irUiia in its present ehapo and that at the conclusion of the war tbe form It would assume would be nothing like the form with which we had bo n familiar- He said I do not know anything more discouraging than the announcement that ha rrcentJy been mada ttwt j the one great State in the world which is so remote aud ao powerful that one mieht think it mirht free itbeif from tbe. hideous and bl idy burden of war I Lnw of Botkiag more duhearteninc than Uie announoouent that the Unlknd Btatea of America U about to embark upon a kage Amada. deatined to be eqnuj or acccod only to our own. TMs means that the burden wtfl centime m afl ether Ti i nii and be inrreaced ezaoUy in proMstion to the Fleet of the U iteJ 8Utea. I confem it ia a diaKearteziing prospect that the United States so great and intclfi- Kent a country so happily remote from European conflict should voluntarily in these days take up a burden which after the w&amp;r will be ibund almost tu have broken our b cks. IifFEiUAL FEOE&amp;VTION. Let me tnll you noraethin about the Imperial Federation League. It was founded by W. E. Fonter I should think more than i yean ago and it did excellent work in the way of drawing together the Coloniea a they were then called and the Mother Onmtry. We had meetings both with the ftolnnisbi and with the home stateeiacn and UM rnvntt wan emmentry fruiUal but at laxt our more impatient Ffnntx be an to urge that we shoukl mbmit a c n titational plan for the Uovernment of the Empire in a drflnit tonn t the jad neat of Uie public Thoae who atrreed. with me were mortally opposed to thu. We did not Uemk it was the rigfat or the privilege of a private soo e y t attempt anythinc BO gigantic and at that time we had a very strong TTnTW M KlrYTt Kjb rvA rtf n f af on- TYfr Ti nmn I A9 k f. sV4 J should come frvra what are now the Dominions and not from tha Mather Country. I am rather disprMed to Uiink that wrUi tho ftux of tine and the ex- periencoa of the war that jndfroent may be revened and that the proposal ehould come from the Mother Country to tax Dominions to come into her councils and share her responsibility aa ragwds h r foreign poLcj- Howevwr that only shows wtit progress the question hi nude. Let me take another instance from my own recollec tion. I was in Canada in 1873 and m Australia in 1681. and I am bound to Kay that in 1873 and 1883 both in Canada and hi Austnvha tke Inpwlal sentiment was a very pale sxwdow of wh t ft is now. I think that if our hotter spirits had been able to influence the Government of thia country and to have prr- vuaded it to invite the Coloum as they were then to come and share the government of the Empire 1 they would have met with some unpleasant rejoinders. There wuu tkis very prime roroUerution in the that the Mother Country waa then 1 providing for the whole defence of the Empire and the inhabitants of the Dominions then much more sparse and poorer than they are now wero extremely reJuetAnt to share the white man's burden and feared that might bo their destiny if they were called upon to take part in the Governmcut of the Empire. REOBa&amp;xizrKO THE EXPIRE. All that has changed. Th v have leaped into the arena of their own accord. 1 upy have fought under I thn Imp-nil flag with a henrorm that has akucfct sur- j pa ed that of oar own sons in tkla war. But Ute I they hare shod on our behalf must in its Coaaequenctft change tha constitution of the Kmj'tre. 1 am not now talking about an ideal licn&amp;e of Commons and proportional representation a dummy whioh I think our friend demolished witk almost t o much care because it is pntcticikUy impo sibks I 4o aot care v.tat form it U going to take. Our Constitution is after all. in tho technical sense a mere ruin. There aeo so many breaches in the walls that there is ample opportunity for rebuilding when we c n find the architect. I cannot doubt that when the arduous efforts of the peace oongreus are over on awful task far sur passing a dozen conferences of Yirxrna which wJl Lc before the PlenipotentiArk of the Great Powers whenever they meet when that ta&amp;k over there will appear higher peaks behind mountain summits. there will appear the almost more gicantic taak of reorganizing the British Empire. We hare not hitherto been very elastic in our constitutional dealing but we shall hare I almost hesitate to i ay woat I am going to say. because I am quoting words of my own we shall have to clean a good deal off our slate before \re begin to wntc the new organization of the Empire upon it. God grant that wisdom and power may be given to our ntaitesmen In that day whenever it may come that th patriotism of our outer Dominions will be shown as much in those bloodi 8 councils as it hss beon in the Oelds of the Dardanelles and Flanders. Cheers. One last word to express my pleasure as a Rhodes trustee to hare heard the first of ibis series of lectures. I hope though I can hardly oxpcct that they will all be equal in merit and charm to that to which we hare just lictcond. It is Mmething to frel .that in the halls of Cniversity College tho gigantic figure of Cecil Rhodes is still prexent to help and inspire the Imperial tradition of which he wag so great an apostle. Chows. irOJ/J.V'S STATUS /.V THE CHURCH. The Biauor pf Sornnv RK presided ycFterd.iy at thf opernn of the Southwark Diocesan Conference. Woman's status in the Chnrch was the subject of a rei ort from the Women's Work Cornmitt A Rtrons opinion waa expressed that th present time demand.-d and presented a favourable opportunity of aecurinx an increased supply of educated women trained for service in the Church. CANON BROWNE in moving the adoption of the report said that if a woman turned to the Church for an opportunity of devoting her services they appoinU-d her to very narrow and suhwrwot ways such a mothers' meetinjrs. distribution of magazines visiting A.- That was not the kind of scope which the talents of liettf-r-fdui'ateil nomen rt-quircd. rl A mischievous by-product of the women's movement was the claim of women to be advanced to the priesthood. Such a claim howler did not emanate t from the deaconrames or those strictly concerned with their ord T. The report was adopt -d and the conference adjourned. LOXDOX DIOCESAN FIXAXCE. The BISHOP of Lowr ov prwridin yesterday orer the Londou Diociwan Conference at which matters of finance only were tliwuhwd said he thuught they hd done well in producing 63,770 dun s the year under the finance scheme. The E t London Church Fund had beeu saved from bankruptcy by it. Mr. EVKIAH HrBBAjin rhairman of the Financ IV ard stated that the um of 168,000 was wanted to meet diocesan requirements for the coming year this being a reductirm of IS per rent oa the-previoua budget figure of 80 00. WELSH MIXERS' WAGES. A meeting of the South WjJcj Coal ConriliAti n Board was held at Caidiff yesterday when LDRU ST. AI.DWT prrAlnd as tnJ'iN-nd'nt chairman ami the ownor" at plj tion for a 5 per cent. redu tmn t in the gcnerul wagi- ri.te chanted. Mr. T. L. Davu ar i' l ttf off for the O THTS. and Mr. A. Onions rrpli.-.l for tiu- workmen Beduce l w Kiag price anil elimination in foreign trude were the points on hnh the owners relief. I It m undetvtofKt tt-at statttjrs showed an ar -ratre j r lu -tv n of rd. por ton n pn -c and a fallm off of 4 a million fn In rxpo-t dunr the pervxi under j t j revvw. The workmen cr ttenl that thi advanm i P T oent. on Srpumber fl di l iwt repre nt i all they might have lie.'n rntitU-d to. Ijom' ST. Aunwrf cure ha citing vote for the t irdoction 'n Det-cr.iber 1. The wafi rat therefore j t I becomes 23-81 Jwr i- tt N re the standard. I It w n acrrsi to meet on DeremSor 3 with L rd bt. Aldwyn to flx an equivalent elUn5 prioe to tha minimum wage rate. FIRST SXOirt'AI.L IX LOXDOX. London and tl.e snuth of Hngland has had its first I snowfall nvi. h t-a.-Iur thsn f r many years pa.f. It came in the early hours of yesterday morning though there was a sliRlit and derolU ry fall in North j I Ixindon before 10 p.m. on the previous night and by daybreak yertrrdsy streel and quirc and roofs were covrrrd white to a depth of more than an inch. With the coming of broad dcytight the weather im- i proved nd the alien wow qukkly thawed. 11 EARLIER BANKING. VIEWS ON THREE O'CLOCK CLOSING. After earlier shopping earlier banking. The new arrangement fixing 3 p.m. M the closing hour to which as announced in our City notes yesterday the London banks have1 given their adherence will probably come into force on and after December 1. The arrangement does not apply to country banks which gener ally ppeaking fix their hours according to local needs nor for the present will there be any change in the Clearing Hoiyw hours. It was however stated authoritativelv yesterday that earlier hours at the Clearing House are" likely to follow ad a matter of course when the new schnme is established. The final'details ofji 3 o'clock banking" are expected to be arranged this week. Among bank managers and their stafb inqmrim yesterday showed that the coming change is- greatly i appreciated. The general manager of one of the most important joint stock banks said that everybody j had fallen in very readily with the scheme M being likely to make vrorkmg conditions more comfortable. Jlrreatly with fewer clerks and if anythirg. more business extra working hours for the stalls after the doors had been ekined to tho public have been common in most of the btg bunks. One effect is likely to be an eneouragement to bank customers to observe the golden bnt generally forgotten rule pay in year drafts before the last haU-kour of the day. When the earlier ciostBg schema was first mooted in the rpring. It had a good effect in ttlis direction in the case of one bank at all event Inquiry In one case revealed th fact that a director who had charge of his lira's banking business had when he heard that there was a possibility of the banks clotting at 3 o'clock adopted the plan of com pleting the banking work before coing to lunch. One'possible result of earlier banking is that the Stock Exchange which now closes at J p.m. may open half an hour earlier in the morning. HELP FOR COAST TOWNS. CLAIMS OF THE FISHING COMMUNITY. It is understood that immediate steps are to be taken to relieve the distress among lodging- house keepers and small tradesmen at watering" places and small fishing towns and villages on the east and south -o\st coasts. Tha Government Committee on the Prevention and Rene/ of Civil Distress has approved a scheme for UM alleviation of exceptional cases of distress at those places which it is felt hare a rpedal claim for asststaace. from the funds genermiFly provided by the Canadian Government. A deputation representing north- a t and east coast towns which recently waited on the committee was Informed that the case was recognized as one deserving of Imstetfiat relief and it was agreed that a conference to which representatives of the Sorrth- district should also be invited skould be held to decide on an equitable apportionment of the hind. It was expnWy urged that the claims of fishing towns and villages which had suffered as a result of the taking over by the Government of trawlers and fishing boats should not be overlooked. It is pointed out that the scheme is not one for the assistance of the rating authorities. Up to the present all tke places affected hare boen able to provide the orduury means of subsistence by grants from the National Relief Pund or from special local funds. No provMK n however has hitherto been made to assist the lodging-boose keepers and small traders to pay their rente and it is this the new schema u specially designed to do. DOCKERS AND THE DRINK RESTRICTIONS. DEPUTATION OF PROTEST. The Central Control Board Liquor Traffic receired a deputation yesterday morning from the Dock Wharf. Riverside and/ General Workers' Union. The deputation emphoaizcd the part which the union had played in the prosecution of the war and pro toe ted against the inconvenience c.tuwd by the No-treating Order and against the tbreaten d ira- pnfcition of further restrictions in the London area. They also advocated the establishment of c.inb ens at wt&amp;h good food could be supplied at reasonable Mr. HOBOE M.P. referring to the canteens estab lished through the actirm of the B ard ut Liverpool expreCTrxl the intention of the Board to initiate similar action in Lrndon. LOUD D'ABEBNOH in thanking the deputation for their attendance s.uil that tln-ir rri r wntAtions would receive the most careful f nnsidcratiun and that the Board fully recognized the v.J'iable assistance which they had received from trade unions. He said aowever that Uie Board had obtained from practically all areas authoritative -viden -e of the beneficial results which had followed from their orders and that these rults had been partirijarly notable in the case of tho various jKJrtn. He a.tBured Uie deputation that the Mile obje t of thi' Board was to promote Uie successful prosecution of Uie war and they comd not ignoiv repri'scntationa from tho responeMe for the output of munitions who considered further lestrktions deiir hlf. it waa agreed that with the cooperation of the onion the Board should endeavour to t&amp;ke stefis immediately for tha establishment of cantoena situated at such points in or near the docks an inquiry might show to be mo&amp;t suitable. Dr. Addison Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Munitions rirculat.-d la t ni ht a return showm convictions for drunkenness m the Metropolitan Pohre district for th four eeL"i l eforo and the four weeks after the coming into force of the. N'o Treating Order. Tlas tliow- that the average numb 'r of convictions for the four wtvks hefore the OnUr came into eCctt wa 1 93 uul for tLe four weeks after it became operative 710. THE MAYFLOWER CLl'li. Members of the English Mayflower Club gave an At Home jesttrday in the Harcourt Room Iloasp of Commons to meet the American Ambassador and Lord Bryce. Among those present were Ur Jvrcr AU n. M.I' ipmftdrotl. Mr fiirttj Bno. MJ An W Brlco. M P U i. Tmilmln. K.P Mr bouuo. U I' Hi. Nucl Burton MJ Kr. U t. Price. M.P Mr R. Iloirc. JCP Mi R 4f vl. LP Mr. W Ooota. UJ- Mr Jowrtt. MJ Mr ccUor. MJ1 Mr. Wuno. M.P. cod Sir C'uckUiro. ALLEGED XEWSPAPER WAR CODE. A complaint under the Defeno of U e Realm Act against the proprietors of U Daily Retard and J/oU i Olaopow. to the effec hat between June 9 and September I 115 they u-wd or had tn their posnex- dion or under Uteir control a cipher rode or other means adapted for secretly communicating naval or military mlormation was heard at Glasgow yesterday. Mr. Janu Lumsden editor and Mr. Andrew Forbes managrr of the a\ly Record and Mml both appeared in Court. A plea of Not Guilty was intimateii and tho -anng of the case was tiled for November 19. .4 DOER'S MATRIMOXIAL DIFFILTLTIL'S. At the Crtitral Cnrrurt l Cruirt ymtrrdAf before I the I corder UATKI\H jAroers p Korx. rtudrnt on bail pleaded Guilty to an indictment charging him with bigaoiy. Mr. Cnrns BKXWETT. for the prosecution. ald Uie defend nt was ruafried to his wife on October 7 I I30S and in M rch of last y r they separated. i Early in thr.s year the drfer.fiact met a MM Osvm uid went through tU cr'rm nr of marriage wiUi her I at Vpe Town oa September 0. Mr. R. D. Mem soul iAat after his departure for 1 South Afnea he wrot to hi wife and t-he at otM instrlot'd dtvoree pnvvding which ho thought would hare bnn completed at the time be went through the nrrmosy ct mamaf- at C&amp;r Town. The Rwor-liEn bound the defendant over In his own rrrogniiAncrt in 40 to r nne up for judgment if called upon and directed him to pay the costs of the prosecution. THE COXTEST AT JIERTHTIt. Our CsjdiT C rtTp ndent telegraphs The wnt for the Tarujinvntary ejertinn in Merthyr Bnrnugh was rereirwl yrstrrdsy. Th nominations haro to be abmitt i by Hatardiy nest and Thurid&amp;y. N'nrcmlvr 25 has been pruwionaUy fixed aa the date of polling. NVither Mr. WinMon nor Mr. Stanton has yet held a meeting but it antteips&amp;ed that nnnit the contest starts m earntt it will be hurt and ioUsodv bitUx. FIGHTING CARS. MR. CHURCHILL ON THE WORK OF THE SQUADRONS. Tn one of the Committee rooms of the House of Commons yesterday afternoon a portrait of Mr. Churchill by Mr. John Lavery was pre sented to him by Lieutenant-Commander Wedgwood D.S.O. as a gift from the officers of the Armoured Car Squadrons. Among those present at the ceremony which was quite in formal were Mrs. Churchill Mr. J. King M.P. Mr. Lynch. M.P. Mr. O'Malley M.P. and about a dozen representatives of the Armoured Car Service. -LtEDTEX ANT-Oottx ANDES W EDO WOOD in presenting the portrait said they were there as officers of a force which Mr. Churchill established and which had proved Invaluable. Rarty in September 1914 Mr. CVorefaill. baring set the Boyal Xaral Air Serrice on ita legs determined to establish a land force tn work In cooperation with it and to axsist. according to the intention then held in keeping th remains of Belgimn cli- r of the OVrman hordes. IJy October so great ws the speed and energy which he put into the work tfv armoured cars wsre in the field. They were in Lilli. Dooai. Antwerp and alorg the Scheldt in short wherever there waa fighting. Since then they had been used in South Afnca East Africa West Africa. OaUtpnu and France. In Galtipoh' the gun- also used eparatey and were UD bring nurd in the trcockea. In France under tke Doke of West' they wrre of great u tkj. in the battle of N ure CkapWle and May on on occasion U ry filled a gap In the lines and Bared a regiment of caralry which had been left in the air. Oommaoder OliT r Ixx-ker-Imp n had contingent now working with the Bel ruin Army. Mr. CiiVBTHlLL in accepting the gift raid tho Armoured Car Semcc noa j-jtifle t its creation. The\ of the war in the West had not been such as to ive proper scope to engines of that character. They were densed at a time when the right flank of the German adrance was exposed to attacks from the sea-eoaat to work in coBJimcttan with th airplane squadrons which the Ailrurarty aa asked in the beginning of the war to maint\in in France and Piaaden. Where conditions of mancnrrre prerailed and armies wej moving swif Uy to and fro the power and value of the armoured ear would be mestimabU. But very quickly the linrs reached the sea and coo- ditioui of Uvnch warfare supervened which had lasted until the present time. In the. Went therefore where the armies were bigger than the country there was not that scope for'the action of armoured cars that there might De in the Kast where the counter certainly larger than the armies. But in spite of these conditions the can had made themselves so he was assured when he was at Uta Admiralty by many official report extremely useful and ratuaMe and U ever the line should break either in t a farourabie or ao uniarourable diTcUon their use i and value would be even more widely appreciated. i Ue and hia wife would cherish the portrait not alone 1 for ita own sake but as the unexpected gift of those who belonged to a service which h had the honour to 1 raiae. 1 The portrait will be exhibited to-day in the f Groavenor Galleries. A WESSEX FILM. "FAR FROM THE MADDING CROWD. So many authors and dramatista have allowed their work to be filmed for the cinematograph of late that one can hardly be surprised to find that Mr. Thomas Ilardy kas followed the prevailing custom. A film based on Far from the Madding Crowd and produced hr Turner Films Limited was shown pnrately at the West find Cinema yesterday morning. Mr. Hardy can have htue reason to comptaiirof the way in which hi work has been handled. The Haray-esque touches of dialogue cannot be reproduced of conrse but the fihn has succeeded in catching in U happiest way tho atmosphere of Wessex which mirht well hare proved an insurmountable bamer. On feels that the country in wkich the action is laid is really the Westiex of the novel and that the arm the calth the sheep are the genuine ones orer which Gabriel Oak watched with such rare. The acting also is unnsuallr good notably that of Miss Florence Turner as Bath&amp;heba Mr. Campbell Guilan as Sergeant Troy Mr. Malcolm Cbrrry ad Fanner Boldwood and Mr. Henry Edwards as Gabriel. The Early Closing Association has this week opened a oionpaign lor clr ing at 8 p.m. on throe nights. 9 p.m. on Fridays and 10 p.m. on Saturdays in the Walworth and CaraboTwelf-rosds and on to Peckham aldo the New and Old Kent-roads as for as Deptford. News in Briei Twelve members of Uw St. Peter1 TlTertoa ebott have Joined the Army. Damage estimated at between 10,000 and 15,000 WM done by a fire U Eat Dereham. Norfolk early yesterday morning. At the Central Criminal Court resterdty. m a was sentenced to three years' penal erritade tot theft from a pillar-box. At Ashford. Kent yesterday a hairdresser named Cttin was fined tit tor supplying drink to Canadian soldiers and tii tor setting it without a licence. Mr. George Cave. K.C. the new Solicitor-General and one of his Majesty Privy Council was yesterday returned unopposed for the Kingston Division ol Surrey. William Benjimin Reeve. 41 the litber of flv children was executed at Bedford yesterday morning for the murder of his wile at LeighUm Buzxard on July ft. Mr. Frederick Rogers who took a prominent part in organizing toe national campaign for Old-Air Pensions died at his residence at New Cross yesterday aged (0. BirmmghAra Tramways Committee yecterday re ported ttut 800 women were now acting as tramway conductors and that they had far performed their duti satisfactorily. The closing scores yesterday in thft billiard match of 18,000 points up between M. Inman and O. Gray a the Grand Hall. Leicester-square were Gray la play 11.170 Inman. 11.116. Mr. Charles Carew of Warnkombe. Tirerton. wiQ be put forward a candidate for the Ttverton Division In succession to the late Mr. Lionel Walrond who died from daease contracted while oa active service. An action brought at Liverpool yesterdav by Lancashire fanner aeainst the Army Council to determine the price of hay a Ul "d by the plaintiff bom awarded payment at the rate nf 7 5s. pet ton. A second death that of George Henry nillingkMrt 60 metal roller has resulted from the tramway accident at Birmingham on Friday. The inqneat was opened yesterday and adjourned until UM zith last. Sir George Askwith will attend the adjourned sKUng of the Scottish Coal-Trade Conciliation Board at Glasgow on Monday. The Scottish miners' claim on behalf of 90,000 workers is for 9d per day increase. The present wage u fid. per day. Sixteen wagons wrre derailed and the permanent way considerably damaged at Banbury early yesterday morning through a Great Western Railway goods train from 8 wind on to Bordesley running past tha point The fireman was slightly injured. For causing three calm to b slaughtered la contravention of the Maintenance of Live Stock Order 1913 Archibald Holdctock. wholesale butcher was fined 10 at Reading Police Court. It was stated that this was -the lint conviction ia tha United Kingdom under the Order. Mr. William Blane wLoe death tn hi $0th year was announced yesterday rt Windsor was for dearly fiO years in Royal service. One of his sops. Trooper Alfred Blane recently died of wounds received at Galtipoli. Of two other sons serving one is- now home from the front wounded. The London County Council offers about J40 trade scholarships for girls between the ages of VI .J Itt V AM MB VBW.K I 1 O I It 11 f A IP provide free education for two years at trade school approved by the Council with maintenance grant o 8 for UK tint year and 12 for the second year. A wage conference was held ymterday in London between the board of tbe Port of London Authority and representatives of the Dockets' Union. After discussion the board informed the men's leaden thai their application for an increan of 3d. per day in their war bonus w uld be reviewed at a later meeting and the- decision communicated to them. It was stated by a motor-omnibus driver at a Southwark inqntvt yesterday that if the woman who was knoekrd down in the dark had been wearing a light dress instead of a black one he would haw seen her and been able to avoid her. lie added that it would be well if people earned a newspaper or a handkerchief in the darkened streets. A joint conference between the master dyers and bleachers and the bleachers' trade unions on th question of a claim or increased wagrs was. resumed at Manchester yesterday. The official announcement on the result was as follows An agreement hM been reached and notion are to be withdrawn. A ballot will be taken at the works at once. At Burslem yesterday three men were ommon 4 nnder the Protection of Animals Act in respect of a rabbt conning match the prosecution contending S that as the ground was fenced the rabbits wcro -jf- captive animals. The Stipendiary dismissed tbe snmraonva holding that.though the rabbiU could nut I escape they were not actually under control. Catarrh ofDigestive Organs. Angier's Emulsion exercises soothing' lubricating aotifennentative effects through out the entire digestive tract. That is why it is so valuable in affections of the stomach and intestines. It soothes and cleanses tha mucous membrane allays irritation fermentation catarrh olceradon. It restores tona to all the digestive functions and it promotes normal healthy action of the bowels. Pre scribed by the medical profession for twenty- four years it has proved its value in many obscure digestive and bowel disorders. Endorsed by the Medical Profession. A Doctor write 1 advocau 11 bar tun. both by myttlf and u strongly th use of Angier't Emaluoa I coiualunt. Mvtnl very tuccMira in all catei of flataleot dyspepsia. cairi of ihu dcripuoo ia which ictetrioal indigestion and in tbat I Aanier'f EmaUiaa wu tb t roedj. tembia compliant macotn cclitU. Sifntd M.D U-B tc. Free Sample Coupon. AtUrttt. THB ANQICN CMKHIOIML OO Ltrf. NOTICE re HORSE WHISKY The great rise in price of all material and our small margin ol profit owing to the high craaEty we supply compels us to raise the price 3d. per bottle in order to maintain our reputation Price now 4/3 per bottle. Sold by all Wint Merchants. MACKIE CO. DISTILLERS LTD. QUALITY IS MORE IMPORTANT THAN PRICE. l'r lS 5.1 YIXG SER VICES. T E n 'f'd f1.z..J b 'CADle ob\ oas paLw t ir r. till" 1.1 Jt'c.1 I ti..la inl l l r."Tl.-1iI n" itDpo'lNi b l Jn itj" \-euJt'nt f./ 'I.fd tic Witb hO\1 eV'l"r. f.7.:101I d 'lIOO. i al11 al ro' J.jiture n mal d t M1let t f'l tions t bud..ts t'ow 'e b b crait 'io Bho ency tW11J.ie 1 progrn emg. jRf.r.n..ut.- ThI"ou hoa of P" 1.0 IIp''nJing J I t. t f t:30.000 -rlo..f nt rc f 1'N'd ,1t d. d. or d.-n tor inneut t. PIY .vr 's d an .w U.OOG Wl'1U'IU.H.-Wbo.n -u ive dl.'ndit ilI .t. ch 1'1I''r DI lJ1 c .xpendi a.lvf.v" .f'don.u..rta d doI a.nd o.b..r I" I. .tnl ve t 'G' c nt' O' bid- I "ur.a. i---TtI f in a t :4 1.'Ii t. ont .t I" 1.h 1I1. t. wlt j.r l .r" i. 'r T".J IIWlf""I1d wo k I' it tJ1IiJdin l.Jtr" UfJri' f'fl 1.t.A.t L' DOW"-gvdNi .t. 4. wlt.b ex- 1000I in -ml.oorl..d .t lcli Ind1"P'rv..bl. tr.omwaTS. I'n rm kl1-.l t.o 1.\.IIL' \.o.1. .II. C rpor oti.on 11 "l. "d ex .1'1 tu. -'n o 'p'Pti lur.hlll IIl".u rou d W"ur 1. tJD1'1 1 tr t ck ol1llJ3' th. l..r. LI 't.-Th f'orl"ration 0. for 1. nl' C"p'W on,1 1'4.1 'It. "It'll'nng Chf'mt'8 w. mlllllcipool IJ W11J" ii1lr. 'Tt.I-Th. i E'Dgagood. IJ'O 'arPfull inVt'f\t IU. r..ry 'IIJI1. 10 a..n..in .1 I. t..t..1. Th'I. t r .Iut. d..t.fonntnat.l tOo lol'.j' bt Ih.t .to mIWtll" r.a r..dllc 1U4- d"17" I'Jnr""TH..T/r .1'f"'tjoD .1 I..It. -4. 1" j. tI" a f" j"- 'lIjm' ru "W'I.Jr. 1/ r. i. at. .i .4. 11 to r..nt "lDA m&amp;tIon 4 111' 4 flutL. IS 9"tJ. II I IN" I 1ir. L ,4 n o t.L.- 'flAl pa c. tbo. 11. proorpoooct 1. I4inc. 114"1':1 i' "Y. r.-duct.lc.n a PETRO GRAD. "r tor An HOfIJ"it.&amp;l--aDl' J" "f .1 1Jay" I. lAdy 'j l'f'U'c aJ. 11".1 'f 1/ i. 11".1 hI h Tald.Of' f tol tt. T'.tr-'loraJ. i'L.1 oJ'JlOIIite hnl' I hou. It. l ut -11. fr .f proPIm' "act' -for r--r r- iI i r .1. "rt lrad thatrtlwre \'Y 1'PtIOtJn .n at. \1i.j r.I"nr''h"n th I IIi. 'Ioria-stt. LoDd n. R. W. 1 .nt M I. "I. nl'l. t rta I' ,0 t. ro. 1\ that. nU "t. pn..n'r 't 'nf inlC tting r. -c. 1 l'1f' r. Brnn.swick. qua.rc. M ldola l I I rern&amp;inin I I K'ns &amp;lSis Fra.nlclarf h A I I 'nt w I i 8im I e t j eri" dy e Con I I th wayt m it. at fore. I W in' la chtm ca.1 i m8oDU a.ctureno Ives lh l be a.letter I I busi .C8S" auth the Synt.h is ccnt Entornolo a1 butte il'8. j Amon re i\'f'd I Indll try. 'Dy6l'S Che stz I I. I OJ'f'nlelJ. ll 1 M.P..I' J I bel liit d..u ht.er. Hn. the 11'84- Attd I hue or Zed w r" w. 8 't'd I' Kennf' .re vt' df'C .t.ary for" op Jm" ag e I Weh ci W obJ W that- Govf'rnIIV .nt'lI 301' b. th int4' I Pa.l' CuJa.r S J' I I'f"lpottl\ ble J' th bt It. &amp;I1DO m P Tlck "ldf'l'll the J' I for. menl.8 t bo Clf'Uation--staW ted I'ar g \'e wboU 'e. Id I y i" I II 'rr8ocif'ty..t co..tof t30.0 O. Of'Of1PeAt'X Uld"r1 p nt t h 8 t bt n Y ftltf'l'da'a 1. .0. IIfUIlnmnunnnmmmnnllllUDIDD n mmmmnmnnmnmnmmumIHIllmmmllrnmmun nnUD is. \V ood Wood-Milne TIRES. Filt 1'.1. ToI..phon413. L.11'I 'G 'Pht'll.-t'itY47117. 4 l1IJIlnnnmnlnuruilmmnnDllnmmUIUnU1mrnnnnurmunmmml1lJIIltl lmnnumnU nnnullt munumllmnnnIIIUIDI V AR. London. presided or en L 8Ir Ro ber'J' b t. the PfO' tttahapo. tr th oot'n laid- a rt'cl'I' Jy t l eety war. ttiah of tl Inu'd ern euotJ .tion Vattt' en dialJoeut.n ftg p hap ily s th. l e b..t.cks. i t'Xre ent d .r Cokm 8 I t 1 nistli /WI b a 'onRtitution&amp;l Go1'ernm to ju.l..meat mortall thi. to I im .me WI. tbt an nrn-.1 O I an n Wt Do C.'S war. lnti nt ll'Pvel'Po 'd I t e Do t'O fOft nowe 'RJ' I a.DO r in t&amp;nt- 'P'JO J e wJ.t n Intue GoVf' t. t u.ad -d n8 the entment. wit1l1Ome unpl AdaDt m.t..r. the' iAh.a -nts ftOW. I d tioy tht- J REOnoA. O Th.-v h.a. U thf' J' 11.- 1m P"'riaI t. at. t p-.1 0 11' 'e 1f n l..m iDl C .I l mmons fr f'nd d t..o pnoc caUy impo..i inl CoDl'Ut is. in i. rebulJ.1i whn f t &amp;t c' d t th wh t 1uu eo a I onc aw fr s pu dozn onen -k whh wi le bore t 1'let o 6J' Powe t I ove t w apP hl p hin meuntn awmt Uu re wl ap p t II t lr gintc t o 'rgani Briti Epi. h tth vt'r EWic conttioD tel 'e Ihal ha"tI al t hcute t IY .ht I g b qtotina wor ow abl .Vf' deA g of lr w e wte DW Of1Pa tOtt un it Go t W ad pw..r mY b g.n O dy. wh..nc'r my c. tt tbe patotim o ou ot Dmn b .hw r tb LI. oudl hs btt t th Dan li'I Cf On W 11 fJ rl a R" t t te ft t 8r l tU hop c hy' mpec. tLy wil L equa m ad Ju I is t ff h Cnvety CU to Igaoc tn ol Ithol I p hlp ad ire th Imi tat wlh wa.1 gat a a pU C TOJI.Y'S ST.tTlS TIE Te DrSor f Sr'RI rndt y fpr.by thl opIin Suthwak Diofs Conf"lncI 'omn's I1at I hI 'arh 1&amp; Ch. I II1r rm tC Wor"n'lI Worl wa f'X N lht th. Jnl p tf'd fa.urahl opprunit A'llnj in'J'f'1 aupJly 'ural tred Iri t Cuh. nl' p. mong t aopton th. "pr .id tt i I turN oppuity df'.tin b.r 1IC th'yappinl. lwr ver nr' &amp;utf t way. Iuch a mothln' rNtnj. distribufn m&amp;uit vi it- In Tht Wi tt fOI whih I h. t..nt 'uild. m it'ou bY'Iru't wom.n' mO''mf'nt Wf 'omll lvan P u. rrMt. ho. caim. hw..r. fantt' d..Aon. th0 tricly wacmed wth thfr Ordl1. Te Ipor WI adoh- ajof. LO.'DO. DICESAN FIXtoCE. U1'OP L s. pl ing o\ 'r fio..n OnfD lnttf' 'e onl 't" tboultht'j L63. .0 dunRt th IM.t I f n i o.w. 'Ar i p lUl'll 80,800. I I .f I .u ilt "t' t."Ja af'1'lk.ti"n rrdurti"n hrn..rll tI. anW. I" aru..1 OIJOlll-nl I .Ili .timlnu on for" hl 'h I ur. "tOt' d .oIi lj. a 'I' 1".Ju..t1 I r rrir. a 1 f&amp;lltno I. f1'\-j wc rLin"11 1,1'11&amp;1.-1 I I I of I i I" 11 Vp m".r 10 diol M J'f'Prw..Dt AI.f W'Y f' r. l ratt' I bf. .U 't'nt. oJ. 1O'M wi 1 f' .I 1. n th 1 m'kh -i. r ff\ Ll'8 d..ullt r in t mehto-arod att I pron d q l I ehopping--ea.rlior not terd. y. ber n pre nt I Ollrs. I Cl l' ng are nt' of o' r inq'11 J' t. aUy f'r man 'r im nt a. I an. n b t'1f nt"O mea.t emto nI fo n ru p" t. eV1"a III. t il w1 e J'OIII bility clnRi o. optf'll ba.nkin lun h. One' possible b Exch.1D I t. Rt t t'men t aIleviat oa gt'ttt"'O\ 1 b r zrd d ng I te I w Me h rf'.Sf'n t.at J o \Mern 8 oulel ap 1J'I"W 1y fi3 in taki o\'f'ri 1 RA IitaD f' nt 8U b ta 8Iion. n iBt k p"MI t ir desi ned S. Yf'JI ay an. p t war.and JIT'Ot.o incon\.n t'nre d .t.ric' ton. Ad c.\nt..na Y' Ho oE f.1" t-n. .ta act cm n..n1 f'XP initi te D'AJER. os. t I r'1'r.'nt.ati t I'on. i l'r"ti.m. uil 1 .I nllobl. a. t.ani' 1'f' \-f'd a. .1 r o c Il It B ol'J I. 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