The Tampa Tribune from Tampa, Florida on July 26, 1957 · 15
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The Tampa Tribune from Tampa, Florida · 15

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Friday, July 26, 1957
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15
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TAMPA MORNING TRIBUNE Published by THE TRIBUNE COMPANY, Lafayette and Morgan Sts. Tampa, Fla. President and Publisher Editorial Director. . .E. D. Lambright Managing Editor. . ..J. C. COUNCIL .V. M. Newton. Jr. Letters to The Tribune Thanks For Summer Program FILTER TIPS Page 1S-A EDITORIALS Friday. July 2G, 1957 BIBLE THOl GUT Have faith in God. Mark 11:22. Wc cannot make the woild a better place, but c can make one little corner better. Leave the rest to God; He is well able to uphold His universe and bring about His own ends at last. How High Can P VERY DRIVER who has had tho -L- misfortune to have to change a tire cn the highway knows the sweat that goes with the pumping of the bumper jack. Up it creaks, a painful notch at a time; the body of the car rises disturbingly high before the wheel begins to lift off the ground. And with each turn of the spiral you wonder nervously: How high can it go before the car teeters off the jack and comes crashing down? This is the situation with the American economy today. The inflation jack is still pumping. The latest consumer price report shows the cost of living index at a new high for the 10th month in a row. In the 15 months since March 1956 the consumer's dollar has lost almost a nickel in "purchasing power. And there's no letup in sight . How high can it go before the law of gravity sets in? Economists don't agree. They don't even agree fully on what keeps the jack rising. Normally, a light supply and a heavy demand create inflation; or an unusual increase in the money supply creates inflation. t These normal causes are not visibly present today. Demand is good but the ration has food to burn and factories which can produce more of everything than the market can swallow. Higher interest rates, deliberately fostered by the Federal Reserve Board, have restricted the availability of money. So what's the answer? The answer, in the opinion of some experts, is that the hand on the jack handle is the muscular fist of the big labor unions. The unions in the basic industries, like coal and steel, demand and get a wage increase every year; this increase, passed down the line (perhaps with a little extra added by the industry) automatically gives a nationwide push to inflation. The Jack Go? "We do indeed have a built-in inflation," says Business Expert Henry Hazlitt, writing in Newsweek. "And it is built in by government policy. Among its foundation stones are tho Norris-LaGuardia Act, the Walsh-Healey Act, the Fair Labor Standards Act, the Wag-ner-Taft-Hartley Act (and the mass of NLRB and court decisions) and the Employment Act of 1946. Under these laws the government has not merely encouraged but in effect forced the creation of industrywide unions with irresponsible power to force continuous wage increases. . . . "There is no economic problem, whatever to slopping inflation. It could be stopped overnight. Hut this would involve not only courage in the monetary field but an 'agonizing reappraisal' of the labor policy of the last 25 years that neither the Republicans nor the Democrats, as a party, have the courage to make . . .' The Hazlitt theory, of course, would be loudly disputed by Messrs. John L. Lewis, David McDonald. Walter Rcuther et al. They usually make the novel argument that all wage increases are non-inflationary which is much the same as contending that potatoes au gratin are non-fattening. Wage increases certainly are not wholly responsible for current inflation. Other cost factors like higher interest rates and some profit boosting contribute their share. But it stands to reason that if wage rates are raised every year, they will inevitably elevate production costs and provide the pressure for price increases al! the way. mere win cventuany no an izing reappraisal' of a labor which compels entire industries 1 out an annual wage increase or disastrous shutdown. Unfortunately, this reappraisal may not come ur jack is hoisted past the point of ity and the economic chassis down with a crash. TAMPA My children bad the privilege of attending the Summer program iit Chamberlain Ilich School. In their behalf. I would ljke to thank their instructors. From their accounts they brought to me each day upon returning from this program, I think there should be recognition shown. I feel too little of thanks is ever given to the persons who deserve it. Instead of .narrowing this thanks to the leaders of tins one .school, even though my thoughts mi this matter hegan here. 1 would like to extend them to all workers in the Summer pro-ram. The plans that were made for two months to keep interest built up and renewed from day to day was a task within itself, but to carry this plan forward with the actual working with the children was another treat task. From day to day. these leaders arrived at their appointed place to welcome these children. I'm sure there were mornings they would have liked to have gone to tho beach or jut leisurely stayed at home. The materials used in the art and craft training were laid out day by day and all children had something constructive to do. Tho exercises which were performed were given in such a manner that coordination of body and following through with a request was done as play and not as a form of teachinu. Every form of teaching in all phases of this program was given in form of play which is a diversion from recular school and which cave the new and exciting interest for each day. The music that was offered during tins program to many was almost private lessons. To those of us who are unable to afford even two hours a week Letter muil bear the writer's signed tin ink or pencil) nam and trreet addreit. On specific request, name will be withheld from publication. Short letters will be given preference. The Tribune rrterves the right to shorten all letters to meet S p a c requirements. Letters must be written eiclusively to The Tribune Co. Copies of letters directed to spmeon else are not acceptable. in music, to our children were given five hours a week of this training. So tp all those who had a hand in this planning and teaching, we are greatly thankful for your time and patience with our children. MRS. OSCAR BROWN. It's Minnesota MLT.RKRRY I am a Yankee from Minnesota. I resent your paper. If you'll turn to page 10-A i.f The Trihune of Friday, July 19. ou will sec why. Read the article on the Citrus Queen by Al Hutchison. In the third column of the article, the first paragraph, the city of Minneapolis, Minnesota was placed in Wisconsin. Where was your geography book? I'm from St. Paul, the rival city of Minneapolis, but when any city in Minnesota is placed "ir. Wisconsin, well, how would you feel if Jacksonville or Tal-lahassre was placed in Oeorcia? i Well, we'll have to think about it Editor.) Te'.I your reporter to keep his mind on facts of reporting, not vital statistics of a beauty eon-test. MRS. CL'i DE R. WHITE v 'f'-r-.'y- :: , 7"L'ffnt, r-. I J J J I ' " r' ' ''?'' MJNNtAPOUS 1BUN )rnt' Pearson - Who Shut Off The Gas Suit? David Laurence House 'Rights' Bill Could Be Used Against Strikers acn- hand ace a 1:1 the -: H ,' i . - ccmes WASHINGTON Little noticed in the vague phrases of the "civil rights" bill as passed by the House of Representative is a provision from which the Federal Government would de-live the right to put;:-n a- y labor ut. ion who-e rt-.erniiei . bv (orucrtei! action, ('.i-e d-iwn i newspaper or bro'idcastu:;: vt,(. turn or pl.iiil that prints publications. Tne First Amer.dment. which liithrto ha been interp rrtcd to mc "if. oriy that no state can take any action which abridges the fieedom .f the press, could b l r. m i j p;: ; io','. : iiiir; ,(!.'.' wou.'i i i c ( ?' i c a Let's Not Equivocafe, Gentlemen IT so t'rtt tic a tiv it it s f individuals in closieg Hit!.isbin2 or broadcast- p.ct.v wou.'i become .:- the I'r.itcd Sti't - to ! as a partv of ii.'.etit. more persons to interfere with the freedom to publish. Thus in 1953, when there was a strike among the New York City newspapers, .some unions which had contracts and which were not dircctlv involved in the dispute walked out and forced the tlo'ir.g of the plants. A case of breach of contract miciH have been made under state laws, but Department of Justice officials said at the time there was no way the Federal Go eminent could become a p i ty to any procc-edmc to pui.ish t::e conspirat y. Now , however, veryil:ing is to he chanced If the bill, as finally pc-f'i, ret airs U-e provisions v. h ic h pcrml the Attorney tifficral ti ;"trvete wherever - The ghosts of two Spanish colonizers Ere walking the halls of Congress and, some say, troubling the sleep of Florida's Senators. One is Pedro Menendez de Aviles, who founded St. Augustine in 1565 and bequeathed to it the enduring claim of being the oldest permanent settlement in the United States. The other is Den Tristan de Luna y Arellano, who landed at Pcnsacola six years earlier in an attempt to establish a colony but failed, t The PenacoIa folks are planning a big fiesta in 1959 to commemorate the 4C0th anniversary of De Lunas attempt and they want Congress to take official notice of the event. Twice Rep. Bob Sikes has put through the House a resolution with appropriate whereases commending Pensacola for celebrating "the first recorded attempt to found a European settlement in the present continental United States." The resolution died in the Senate last session and. what with Civil Rights and a!!, the chances don't look much better now. Senators Holland and Small icrs "need a prodding'' if the resolution is to be passed this session, says the Pcnsacola Journal. And, casting a suspicious eye in the direction of St. Augustine, the Journal observes: "Perhaps the Senators think it controversial, that maj be St. Augustine or some other areas might object . . . Wc certainly recognize that St. Augustine is the oldest permanent colony in the United States. We merely want it recognized that the first attempted colony was here." Weil, politicians might avoid taking a stand in this matter, for fear of offending community pride in cither Pcnsacola or St. Augustine. But we have no hesitancy in stating our own position. We say, frankly, sincerely and without equivocation (in a! pi olog:cal order): Viva Menerdcz! IllTIU HTO the re has b way to pro, fd a.'air.st p w ho ;r,i:ht it. .:,:.' iri spiracy to shut down a paper but limb r the 1 1 .ked-o: Sec'iin 3 wl.n still cr.-ctcd f" the pa c i : '! . -1 r: ts im- :t -o! -(-".-! .( ' - :mu h- II C.t" !!"ic i:.--- or it in Federal Cover a lit ! or :ed to r; p;:"c s i,r.l t iri ate per sons w ::: dc'.u ! A-:de (:..m tli Ci'l'T.s to 'i. t i si i ii s' i .:; defend tt.e in-! fo:;jtiti'.tiaI n: frir.i-' d by ar.y s" .- ar on" t ha lu-en the rule era! Government ontei i nrc- t wo'. -Id be of Is (If'sl. I o : aii i i - r to Who-tf v be jr.-or: or bv now. it that the Feci-eould not ii- . t a c ) to a helical and chron- Dc Luna! Viva Tampa Lands Another Big One The word from St. Louis yesterday that Anheuser-Busch will follow Schiitz to Tampa is welcome news to this community. . Anheuser-Busch plans to start late this year on construction of a $20,000,000 plant to make beer and yeast, employing 1000 or more workers. It has bought a 160-acre site in the Tampa Industrial Park where Schiitz, of Milwaukee, recently began erecting a $20,000,000 plant. These two are the giants of the brewing industry. The fact that both chose Tampa as the location for their first manufacturing facilities in the Southeast is an impressive testimonial to the advantages this city offers new industry. The companies will bring more than their own payrolls to Tampa. Operations of the two big plants will require supply and distribution services; they will add to activity in the harbor and at the airport; they will draw to Tampa new customers and sightseers. This important new commercial activity will make itself felt throughout the business stream of the community. AHditionally, both Anheuser-Busch and Schiitz arc companies with a reputation for taking an active interest in philanthropic and civic enterprises in the cities where they have plants. Congratulations are due the leaders of the Committee of 100 and others in the Greater Tampa Chamber of Commerce who helped to persuade Anheuser-Busch that Tampa was the best place in the Southeast for its purposes. And congratulations are due Anheuser-Busch, too. It will find that Tampa is t'rwnc to protect freedom of the press u:;i'-s the ir.jurv was inflicted by state action. There v as no w ay of pK'Ccedinc acair.st indiv iduaN or ersaniza-tiors like labor unions. tiih -civil itiGiirs- nn i.. however, as pased by the House, is intended to permit th-Federal Government, thvu-'h the Department of .lu-t.n. to take up the cu'i.:els .: -t private citizens who interfere with the exercise of any constitutional I i " w hats o e e r. Mere ly by sub-tit 1 1 1 1 1 1 c , for th-name of the auri'ved partv to the suit, the name of the t "r.rted y-h.tcs. the I)ejia; t merit of Justice can enter the proieediriL's. This mere s that, v bile any eiticn miTht himself refrain from woikltlL'. he could not create in a concerted plan with one or more' persons to brinu about a strike that impaired a const I'll! lonal riiiht. A strike could then be rc:arded as a conspiracy on the p'irt o tv o or GRIN AND BEAR IT WOTHI K I M ! O n T A N T HIGH I" t..;l woirl ! be stretcher d by tie "civil lights" bill lel.stCs to the pnsit.nr. of the tr.ir.ot ity of workers in any plant not nei csa: bv in t tie publishing business. The Taft-Hartley Art. fo- instance, c:ves the vfirker the ric' t to refrain from .toinins a union or. if he is a union member, to choo-r not to join with the .strikers m cca--ir. wor k. If the ut ion majori'v or its a-cnts should attempt, to force a icluttant e-nph e to stay away from votk or if lie Is injured because he refuses to join the stt-.kc-. the present federal "civil livhts" statutes relating to conspiracies miiiht po-sihiv be invoked, assu:n..nc, of course, that there were two or more persons acting conceitedly to deprive the empiove of his HI T I P T( NOW, it has been a question whether the Federal Government would intervene to pt (itec ! tne minority of employes in such cu cutnstances. W hen a constitutional right is inf tinted, however, under the pending "civil rights" bill as p;(ss( d by tlie House, the Attorney General is directed to t'et an injunction to restiain individuals cr oriMnialions and to insist that, without jury trial, any ot-f. infers against tlie injunction be punished by the jude. So the proposed "civil rights" legislation is. in some of its aspects, a throwback to the riavs of "-ov ei nment by injunction." Tlie labor unions fought this st i cniiou s',y in i-reKiis years and now v-i'l find the way opened to its. restoration. WASHINGTON One of the bizgest antitrust suits planned by the Justice Department in years has been suddenly and mysteriously dropped. It was to have been filed in U.S. District Court in Milwaukee July 8 asainst three important gas companies American Natural Gas. Peoples Gas Light & Coke, and Northern Natural Gas. The Justice Department had the bill of complaint drafted and a press release all ready to issue. But the press release was never issued. The bill of complaint was never filed. Suddenly and mysteriously the antitrust suit was called off. Ev-Gov. Tom Dewey, counsel for Teoples Gas, is gncn credit by some for having the antitrust suit called off suddenly. Dewey is very close to Attorney General Browncll. who managed his campaign for President in 1944. Dewey was out of the United States and not available for comment this week, but in the past he has told this column that he made it a practice never to intervene in matters affecting the Eisenhower administration m Washington. ONUIt-S ATTHIBUTf D the sudden cancellation to tlie fact that an antitrust case of this kind would have focused attention upon the natural jas industry just at a time when the Eisenhower administration is try ir; to pass a r.ew natural gas bill exempting the industry from federal recusation. r.egardless of who stopped the suit, here is the inside story of what happened: Tennessee Gas Transmission had obtained from Canada the rijht to tap its vast seas reserves with a pipeline hnkinc Canada to Texas. This two-way line could have used gas fiom the Gulf states when needed or fiom Canada when and wnerc neeoea. With natural gas in short supply in the northern United States. Canadian pas is hmhly coveted. Various companies have been eyins the vast and larpely undeveloped wealth' of Canada. So when Tennessee Gas Transmission secured this concession, it ran into a soe tet monopoly move by the old Sam Instil! l-.o!d:r.;s in Illinois. Indiana and V isc or sin. the stock in the new pipeline from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico. Simonds emphatically said no. After this conference in Chicago the three executives of the old Insull empire asked for another conference. This took place iti the Carlton Hotel in Washington on Jan. 3. at which time the three competitors asked Simonds how far he was willir.g to go in selling them stock in his new pipeline. He replied that he would give them 40 per cent of the stock. They replied that they would take "5 per cent cr nothing. The three Midwest utility executives then told Simonds he could take it cr leave it, This was their final offer. FOLLOWING THIS, various state utility commissions and Governors pot into the act. The Wisconsin Public Service Commission was especially Incensed, since Wisconsin is Ms l Sr . K .- s I ? ; .V - Mr - ft ": - it," i Thompson THE INSl'LL HOLDINGS are now represented bv American Natural Gas. Peoples Gas Lifht &; Coke, and Northern Natural. They serve Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, Minnesota and Indiana. These three companies held a confidential meeting with Gardner Simonds. head rf Tennessee Gas Transmission, at the Chicago Club Dec. 11 after he offered to sell them gas. The three who participated in this closed-door conference were John Merriam of Northern Natural Gas; Ralph Mcllvaine of American Natural Gas. and James Oatcs of Peoples Gas Liht & Coke. Thev took Simonds by surprise by demanding that he sell them three-quarters of Iloscoe Drummond Freeman desperately hard up for gas. So was Sen. Alexander Wiley cf Wisconsin. Gov. Vernon Thomson of Wisconsin also testified before the Federal Tower Commission urctr.g that the pipeline be built from Canada to the Gulf. Other Governors who urged the pipeline were Mennen Williams cf Michigan. Orvilie Freeman of Minnesota. Democrats; and William Stratton of Illinois. Republican. They represent areas badly in need of pas due in part to the defense industries concentrated in the Middle West; due also to the coming of the St. Lawrence Seaway. In Chicago, several thousand homes have applied for gas but can't get it due to insufficiency of supply. In Minnesota, plans are under way for the rehabilitation of worked-over iron ore mines, but this is dependent upon an -rr.ple supply of gas. As a result of indignation by Midwest Governors, the Justice Department prepared its antitrust suit acainst the three former Insull companies. Then at the last minute the suit was dropped. It's Now Or Never For Disarmament By Lichty a ejfiocj pli.c f to (! plsco to live. Luririe ,c!l If Nasser Had The Bomb In the cold war between the two world titans, each seeking supremacy in atomic armament, the peoples of both the United States and Russia have been slow to recognize that unless controls are established they may lose the monopoly they now hold (along with Great Britain) on atomic weapons. Continued production and development of nuclear weapons increase the danger that they may come into pos:.:;-$ion of many nations, large and small. Neither the Kremlin nor the United States government wants this to happen. If hydrogen bombs become com monplace about the world, the prospects for the destruction of civilization are substantially increased. This rare community of interest between .Moscow and Washington was recognized by Secretary of Stale Dulles in his broadcast this week, reporting to the nation on disarmament. D'.iUe.; well knows that Russia v.iil take not" of his warning that time is "not unlimited" in the current disarmament talks and his appeal for concessions before nuclear weapons become available to "the pettiest and most irresponsible dictator." Ns. r , . --ssC " m life "What with s main Iraliic accidents, wc tien.Wu nt to take a trip this Mi miner . . . Decided to stay home and fall off a ladder instead! . . ." WASHINGTON In bis informative report on disarmament this week Secretary Dulles was addressing two different audiences for t o different purposes. He whs seeking to convey to the American people an assurance that the administration was not going too far too fast in the uncharted field of arms reduction and com rol. He was seeking to convey to the Soviet leaders a Galvanising sense of urgency to make a solid beginning soon in their self-interest and ours to put some brake on the nuclear arms race. What is the special sense of urgency which Mr. Dulles is invoking? Is it just neizoti.itmg rhetoric when the American Secretary of State says that unless an aeree-nieiit is quickly forthcoming "the problem mav soon become totally unmanageable." ttHKN A DIPLOMAT says that the problem niiry soon become totally unmanageable." he means "now or never." Mr. Dulles is contending that if Moscow and Washington fail to becin nuclear arms control now, the opportunity to do so may well slip from our grasp entirely. Why? Supei filially, at least, you could make the opposite ease. These disarmament talks have been going on for 11 years and we are much nearer agreement than we were at tlie becinning. Tlie prospects for some disarmament have improved with time. Hut new factors are now present which give weight to the "now or never" argument. U is undoubtedly true that the Soviet Union bad to very nearly catch up with the West on nuclear weapons bclore any arms control was possible. Hut now that there is something like an atomic equilibrium, we will, if ue u on and on building up and up. find it increasingly difficult to call a halt; perhaps impossible. in nr. ai:i: Tin: kkasons: Neither side is going to disarm in the foreseeable future on the basis of trust. Therefore there can be arms reduction only where it can be made visible and enforceable. There are two vital points at which nuclear disarmament is unattainable because they cannot be inspected. There can be no enforceable agreement to reduce the stockpiles of nuclear weapons because it is entirely possible to conceal such stockpiles completely. There can be no enforceable agreement to reduce the volume of fissionable material already produced to make nuclear weapons because there is no method of detecting or accounting for past production. Thus the longer we postpone a beginning acrcement. the constantly bigger will be the volume of weapons and fissionable material which, cannot be embraced in such an agreement. Finally, there is a relatively new nicht-niare which haunts American policy-makers and which, we believe, cannot fail to haunt the Kremlin. We know and Moscow knows that the tme is near when a relatively cheap but massively destructive hvdrogen bomb can be made. When that time comes that hydrogen bombs are available almost anywhere, then all prospect of disarmament is out the window and world war would be at the whim of the weakest and most reckless. "AS MATTERS ARE GOING." Mr. Dulles said frankly, "the time will come when the pettiest and most irresponsible dictator could get hold of weapons with which to threaten immense harm." Only an early agreement which will end the production of nuclear weapons and permit the suspension ef tests can keep these weapons from dangerously spreading around the world and ending up in the hip pocket of a little dictator-on-the-make. Thee arc the real rcaser. why there is a sense of urgency in the London talks. As to the temptation to go too far tot fast, there are bound to be some risks that cannot be fmeseen, but as ore not acclaimed for his flexibility. Mr. Dulles very usefully warns that "the risks of seeking to move forward are far less than the risks of bcin frightened into immobility."

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