The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on February 10, 1956 · Page 8
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 8

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, February 10, 1956
Page 8
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Page 8 article text (OCR)

PAGE EIGHT BLYTHEVTLLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS FRIDAY, FEBRUABY10,1956_ REVIEW ™° FORECAST Maloch Says By D. V. MALOCB Mississippi County Ajent Increasing; Cotton Yields South Mississippi County farmers who have made the most progress In lowering production costs and increasing cotton yields have been skillfully carrying out many simple production practices. These practices are based on agricultural research and practical demonstrations conducted largely in South Mississippi County. When average weather conditions prevail tor this area ana aid »mi pie practices below are carried out properly, cotton yields tend to go up for each practice. Drainage Tends to Up Yields Adequate drainage is a must for good production. Balanced Fertility Pays To determine the type fertilizer needed to balance the soil fertility use: 1. Soil test recommendations from a reliable soils laboratory like the ones operates by the University of Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station. (All samples for University of Arkansas Laboratories are sent in through your county agent's office). 2. Farm test plots may also be used to help determine the fertilizer materials needed to balance fertility levels lor your farm but the process requires more time, is much more expensive than soil tests tnd is as much or more surject to error and mis-interpretation of results as recommendations based on soil analysis. 3. Generally, one can profit by having soil tests made. To check correctness of recommendations made by the University of Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station from the soil test, one may run field test demonstration plots on his farm. On trial test plots conducted in 8outh Mississippi County by your county agent and the Agricultural Experiment Station, results have been in perfect agreement with recommendations based on soil an- } alysis from the University of Ar' kansas Laboratory over 90 percent of the time. Since everyone will not have their soil tested, general recommendations will have to be followed in many cases. For cotton, general recommendations call for the use of from 40 to 75 pounds of Nitrogen per acre. Soil test data from nearby farms may be used to make general recommendations, also. (See •your county agent for this data). Proper Application Pays Proper application of fertilizer is essential for most economical production. Nitrogen and phosphorous are much more valuable when applied in bands rather than broadcast, j The most nearly ideal way to ap- i ply fertilizer is to get it Wo or I three inches under and to each side of the seed. Generally the most practical way is to get it under the seed from two to three inches. One may side dress his cotton with solid forms of Nitrogen by putting it two to three inches deep and two or three inches to the side of the row. When side dressing with anhydrous ammonia, the swords should run within six or seven inches of the how and deep enough to hold the ammonia in the ground. Mixed fertilizers, phosphate, and potash should always be put out under the crop. Generally, high beds should be harrowed or leveled off before putting down anhydrous ammonia. Firm Seedbed Needed Shred all stalk residues at harvest or as soon after harvest as possible. Root development of the cotton plant is usually aided by moderately deep seedbed preparation. All rows should be of uniform height and width. As a rule, apply solid fertilizers under beds. On good mixed land a planter attachment fertilizer distributor may be used. Oare should be taken not to get Save Enough with BUTLER to Bvy Fixtures and Equipment Butler steel building* make your building dollars go farther. You can get the space you need for your business and cut up to 47 per cent off your investment. This means capital savings that can pay for your fixtures and equipment. Call or write now! WeTl give you a set of plans and a price that explain why you see so many new Butler buildings! Building Contractors, Inc. West Memphis 229 E. Broadway P.O. Box 10 Phone 404 KOREAN LESPEDEZA $9.50 per cwt. FARMERS SOYBEANS CORP. "Home of Sudden Service" Blytheville, Ark Phone 3-8191 the fertilizer too deep or too shallow. (See fertilized application above.) Seed beds may be prepared by flat breaking five or six inches deep and layed off, solid fertilizer applied and rowed up or It may be center furrowed deeply, harrowed, solid fertilizer applied, and ripped out with a buster equipped with wide points. Good, high beds are desirable In either case. Planting Yields have been consistently higher on Alfalfa Substation plots when the early planted cotton was: 1. Planted on a medium height bed 2. Planted on a good, firm, seed bed. 3. Yields have been relatively the same for: (a) hill dropping or (b) continuous planting of a roll of seed and chopped plantation style. On cotton plots planted April 20, , Osceola. the medium height bed plots on some years outyieldecl the flat planted plots by over 200 pounds of lint cotton per acre. Where wilt is not a factor, the difference will likely be smaller. On late planted plots the difference in i yield for cotton planted on me- ' dium height beds was very near the same as it was on the flat planted plots. Date of Planting Early Planting—April 12 to April 30—preferred Medium Early—May 1 to May 15 —good Late Planting—May 16 to June 1—fair Very Late—June 1 to June 6— poor on many years. Varieties For most soils the following varieties over a period of years are hard to beat: 1. D and P L 15 2. D and P L Pox 3. Hale D and P L 33 On black land where it is hard to keep young seedlings alive, Empire and Stoneville 2B might be added to the list. Cultivation One cultivates to keep down weeds and grass. Shallow cultivation tends to increase yields. Deep cultivation increases verti- cillum wilt and decreases yield. Inside plow "tips" should be at least 7 inches apart. Disease Control 3. Plant properly treated seed— treat one month prior to planting. 2. The D & P L variety is more tolerant to verticillum wilt than auy of the other more adapted varieties. 3. Use properly balanced fertilizer—follow soil analysis recommendations. 4. Excess Nitrogen increases ver- ticillum wilt, tends to make heavy growth and delays maturity. Crop Rotation J. The yield of cotton was increased on all rotation plots over check plot at the University of Arkansas black land study plots at Marie in 1955. except soybeans followed by cotton. 2. Cotton following pasture on a number of farms made substantial increases over adjoining fields of cotton following cotton. Insect Control Early spray tests for thrip control carried out by the Arkansas Experiment Station have failed to increase yields, Most of the time the cotton looks better for several weeks and may fruit a little earlier, but it seldom makes as high a yield as untreated plots. If one plans to spray, he should do it as soon as the cotton is up to a stand while the cotton is in the two leaf stage. Spray to control cutworms whenever they threaten the stand. Scout each cotton field at least once each week if a tool weevil or cotton flea hopper infestation occurs. If it is necessary to poison: 1. Choose a good poison. 2. Apply an adequate amount of It. 3. Time applications properly. 4. Get good coverage. 5. Repeat when necessary. Follow schedule as outlined by your county agent. Irrigation One can determine the time and frequency to irrigate by the soil Something to Think About Bj GKKTRUDE B. BOLDKAM B«me Demonitratlon Agent Blytheville H. D. Club A Blytheville Home Demonstration Club will be organized in my office Monday, February 13 at 2:00 p.m. All those that are Interested in belonging to the club are invited. Workshop A mnnt.v-wide workshop will be held Wednesday, Feb. 29, in the Home Demonstration Agent's office at the Court House in Blytheville to make straw bags. Everyone planning to work should contact the president of an H. D. club to get instructions for getting the strawbraid. It will be an all-day meeting. Dress Revue The county-wide Pre-Easter 4-H and H. D. Dress Revue will be held Saturday, March 24. It will be an all-day meeting. Clothing workshops are being held in the H. D. clubs during February and March to get ready for the revue. Plants To Decorate The use of house plants to decorate the home is growing In popularity so much that the person who likes to grow flowers and is suc- cesslul with them can quickly provide decorations. The present trend is toward the use of large leafed plants that grow upright or trailing vines that are trained on an upright support ol some kind. Sometimes the support can add to the beauty of the plant itself. A totem pole of compressed moss is one type of support. It should be The choice is up to you . . . take time for preventive maintenance now or take a chance on "getting by'' in the field later on. The most economical choice, in the long run, is to bring your John Deere Tractor and Equipment in ior a checkover now . . . while we both have plenty ol time. Our skilled mechanics will go right to work,; they'll do only the work that's necessary . . . do it quickly, efficiently, and economically. Your tractor and equipment will be ready for work—come what may. Renewed power . . . performance . . . and economy will more than repay you. Why wait? Let's males a service date ... this week. -• •;-.-.''The Monte f Quality Service and Genuine JOHN DEIRE PARTS MISSCO IMPLEMENT CO. I. Hiway 61 Ph. 3-4434 imbedded in the potting soil when the plant is first being transplanted into the pot. Pine poultry netting shaped into a slender cone, then stuffed with moss also makes a nice support. Interesting pieces of driftwood or a slender cypress knee makes a good support. These may be left in natural color or painted green or black. These plants are placed on the floor where plantings are needed to add interest. In or near the front entrance hall, or in corners of a room are favorite locations for these plants. These pots can be painted black or any color that harmonizes with other furnishings or the pots can be set inside a flaring square wooden box. watertight dish or bowl under the pot so water or moisture from the soil will not damage the floor finish beneath. Saturate the soil when watering potted plants, then wait until the soil is pretty well dried before watering again. Remove dust from the leaves by wiping them with a cloth which "has been dipped into soapy water. Then rinse off the soap by spraying with a sprinkler. A feeding of commercial fertilizer about once a month will keep plants growing vigorously. Use one teaspoon of fertilizer to one gallon of water. Time Savers If your time for cooking or equipment for cooking is limited there are ways to simplify meals. One way to simplify menus is to plan for one dish or main dish meals. Another time-saver is the oven meal. Select foods that will cook at the same temeprature. Put the entire meal in the oven to cook and take it out when .you are ready. Good utensils will help speed up the job of cooking. Pressure sauce pans, or broad flat pans that fit the cooking unit save time. Keeping knives sharp cut time in preparing foods. Cooking and serving in the same dish when possible cuts down on dishwashing. Cooking individual servings will shorten the -baking time for custards, meat loaves, casserole dishes, etc. Keeping refrigerator quickies such as jars of syrup, spreads for sand- Steadier Hog Prices Forecast Farmers selling hogs in 1956 might' do well to sell as soon ss hogs reach market'weights with an optimum degree'of finish, say University of Missouri agricultural economists in their annual outlook statement. Hog prices can be expected to average lower in 1956 as compared to. 1955 although some strength in prices from present levels is expected in late winter. The hog-corn .d IP. it well below meals. Making'up batches of ready mix biscuits, muffins, etc., cuts mixing time in half. It's Time To— Order roses at once if this has not been done. Make early transplanting of trees and shrubs to enable them to become established in their new location before summer drouth. Plant carefully and early. Don't prune early spring-blooming shrubs, such as forsythia, spi- rea, etc. Wait until the blooming season is past. Seed bluegrass, if it was not done last fall. Make a "To Scale" drawing of your garden area. Then list all the the long-time average of 12.8 and will likely remain below average well through 1956. Large hog numbers, near a record level, are keeping prices low. The 1956 fall crop will be the first substantial reduction in hog numbers in the cur- n these'conditions, Missouri hog producers should recognize that extra effort must be made to organize a hog enterprise on a Bound and efficient basis. Increased litter size, maximum use of good pasture, and a grain ration balanced with proper supplements will help In this respect. Only with good management practices can profits be expected from a hog operation during the coming year. For the future, farmers should plan to increase the number of litters farrowed in late 1956 and early 1957 for marketing during the sum- year. vegetables you .plan to plant and plan the exact loaction in the garden for each vegetable listed. Plan the garden to fit the family needs. Purchase the garden seed. Buy the best. Buy insecticides which will be needed next summer. Finish applying dormant spray to fruit trees before buds swell. Control. lice on animals which have not received treatment. If you have not already done so, now is the time to thoroughly clean and disinfect the brooder house and equipment. Be ready when chicks icr^ui niw «i*n-i j-"-- This year would be a good time to start a program of selecting brood sows and boars that would give greater assurance of producing ths meat-type hog. Undoubtedly, the economists say, markets will increase the price differential between the meat-type and the overfat type —particularly with increasing hog supplies. moisture level and plant appearance. It may be desirable to irrigate to: 1. Get a stand. 2. Get adequate plant growth. 3. Put on proper boll load. 4. Mature out the crop. Rainfall In July over a long pe riod of time is associated with good cotton production while August rainfall has had a tendency to decrease cotton yields. Defoliation ^ 1. Should be used to aid median- i ical harvesting. 2. Reduce boll rot. j 3. In some cases lower insect pop- i ulation. For aid to mechanical picking, defoliation should be done either | when the cotton plants have "cut out" and the bolls show relatively good maturity or after October 5. Harvest Harvest early for best quality and yield: 1. Hand harvest. 2. Mechanical harvest. a. Use a .good operator on a clean machine that is properly adjusted. b. Clean up the machine twice each day and more often if it needs it. Ginning The ginner and the farmer should work together in grouping the cotton at the gin to get the best turn out and best sample possible. A MESSAGE To Every FARMER In MISSISSIPPI COUNTY The Farm Bureau membeiship enrollment campaign is now underway. YOB are invited *o join the Farm Bureau and become a part of the Voice ior Agriculture. Farm Bnrean dues cost only $5.00 a year —/ess than 1C cents » week. YOU NEED TARM BUREAU FAKM BUREAU NEWS HOD MISSISSIPPI COUNTY FARM BHBEAV USED TRACTORS & EQUIPMENT Good Used Tractors Including ... John Deere 60 and 4 Row Cultivator Massey-Harris 44 and 3 Row Middle Buster Reconditioned Formal I "M's" Allis-Chalmers Tractors and Equipment See Us for Good Used Equipment.:; Used 3 Point Hitch Stalk Shredder Used 3 Point Hitch Stalk Cutter Used 3 Point Breaking Plow Disk Harrows — Some With New Blades 3 Row Middle Busters for "M's" .Delta Implements Inc 'Service Holds Our Trade' 312 S. Second Phone 3-6863 NEW MASSEY-HARRIS FRONT-MOUNTED CULTIVATORS ANOTHER MIRACtE.MATCHED TOOl FOR THE HVDRAMIC POWERED MHSO ... and it's yours on every Massey-Harrh MH SO model — no matter what front wheel style you choose This is the way to cultivate ... up front. Up where you have a complete view of your work . . . where you can see the row, the work the shovels are doing ... where you can gauge depth and avoid sudden obstructions quickly. It's this look ahead cultivation that makes the most of your , skill and field time. You move into or away from the row instantly The MH 50 and front-mounted .cultivators work as one. Turn, guidq, dodge as a single unit. Set ui tor cftfatb— we'll b* glad to arrange a dwpofKfration. 61 IMPLEMENT CO. "T/i« Farmer's Horn* o/ Satisfaction" N. Highway 61 Ph. 2-2142 uit row mow MAttrr-MMis] I ANY TIME! You can turn under CYANAMID any time before planting -it will still feed your cotton right through to picking! CYANAMID SUPPLIES 21% LEACH- RESISTANT NITROGEN plus more essential calcium than any other fertilizer! CYANAMID feeds your crop right through to picking, neutralizes soil acidity and builds soil humus. It's agriculture's most useful form of nitrogen PROVED in many years of Delta use! CALL YOUR DEALER ... ORDER CYANAMID NOW >O AMERICAN * Lucuia/nid ' COMPANY Donoghty Building Ihrii Rock, Arirantm

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