The Tampa Tribune from Tampa, Florida on December 25, 1915 · 1
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The Tampa Tribune from Tampa, Florida · 1

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Saturday, December 25, 1915
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"ON EARTH PEACE, GOOD WILL TOWARD MEN" The only newspaper in Florida printing every line of the full day and night report of the Associated Press. TAMPA MO An unequaled corps of correspondents in every town in South Florida, completing a perfect news service. 22nd Year No. 340 FULL ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORT TAMPA, FLORIDA. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 25, 1915 FULL ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORT Sixteen Pages CALVARY'S BLOOD INSPIRES NO TRUCE BETWEEN WARRING NATIONS OF EUROPE; AMERICAN PEACE ANGEL RETURNING RNING TRIBUNE V PREPAREDNESS IS BASED ON PLANS OF NAVAL BOARD REPORT, MADE PUBLIC BY DANIELS, RECOMMENDS EIGHT FIRST LINE BATTLERS NAVY MUST EQUAL GREATEST BY 1925 CALLS FOR 1.1,500 INCREASE IN PERSONNEL Suggested Expenditure of Three Hundred Million During First Year WASHINGTON, Dec. 24. Secretary Daniels made public tonight the original special report of the Navy General Board prepared at the Secretary's request when the Administration determined last July to take up the question of national preparedness. Critics of the Administration's five-year building programme for the Navy have declared that this report was suppressed in part by the Navy Department and if published would disclose the inadequacy of the Administration's plan. The Board's statement of policy, holding that the. American navy should equal the strongest afloat by 1923, was published some time ago, but the first year's building programme advocated under that suggested policy now is revealed for the first time. It shows recommendations for four dread -naughts and four battle cruisers, with a proportionate number of auxiliaries and contemplates an expediture roughly estimated at $3X0,000.000 the. first year, as compared with $500,000,000 to be spent for new ships in five years under the Administration plan. The Board does not say that the British fleet could be equalled by 1923, by continuing this first year's programme, but indicates that heavier expenditures would follow If ship building facilities were increased in accordance with its recommendations. Holds Reports Confidential. In giving out Its report. Secretary Daniels said that all statements from the General Board as to building programmes made during the present year had now been made public. He called attention to the fact that he had set a precedent against the publication of reports regarded as confidential by previous Secretaries of the Navy. Discussion of plans and the publication of which some members of the Board have stated they would demand. in a special report, the substance of which had already been disclosed. Following is the report: "Confidential. July 30, 1915: From President General Board, to Secretary of the Navy: Subject: Naval Policy With Present Requirements. "In compliance with the oral order of the Secretary of the Navy to express his opinion at the earliest prac-tioable date as to a policy which should govern the development of the navy and a building programme, the General Board reports as follows: "Policy: "The navy of the United States should ultimately be equal to the most powerful maintained by any other nation of the world. It should be gradually increased to this point by such a rate of development, year by year, as may be permitted fcy the facilities of the country, but the limit above defined should be obtained not later than 1925. "Second. In pursuance of this policy, and having in mind the present facilities of this country, the board Is of the opinion that the following addition to the naval establishment should be made the following year, and recommends the same for your consideration; this addition is believed by the board to be within, and practically at the limit of, the facilities at present existing: Four Battle Cruisers Now "Four battle cruisers; four dread -naughts; six scouts: thirty coast submarines; seven fleet submarines: twenty-eight destroyers; six gunboats. "Auxiliaries: One destros-er tender: two fleet submarine tenders; four fuel oil ships; one supply ship; one transport; one hospital ship; one repair ship; one ammunition ship. "Air craft service tlump appropriation), $5,000,000; personnel, 11,000 men. "This number will provide for the needs of the present ships of the navy. Including those near completion, but it must be borne in mind that thepcr-sonnel. commissioned, warrant and enlisted, will have to be increased as the new construction Rrogresses. "Increased facilities for the navy yards and shore establishments generally, such as dry docks, berthing places, building slips, structural shops, cranes for handling heavy weights, shop machinery, ammunition and other storage faciUties6clvnGPronne,.c. Increase Personnel by 11,500 Men Secretary Daniels' recommendation to Congress that the K7?1 of the navy be increased by 7,o00 blue-larkets 500 apprentice seamen, and ?500 marines during the years 1916-17 In order to man ships nearing completion was disclosed tonight upon the annual report of Bear Admiral Victor K chief of the Bureau of Navigation now made public The Hgures have been criticised in Congress and elsewhere because they were below ?hose of the general board There were 52 636 bluejackets in the service OcTobeP 1. 1915, Admiral Blue's report shows and with his proposed in-CTea4s, deluding the appwitlce seamen the force would number 6-.63b, in m?: or about 4,400 less than recommended by the general board Ad-(Centinued On Page 6, Cel. 4) Storm and Cold Wave Will Reach the Gulf Coast for Christmas WASHINGTON, Dec. 24. The Weather Bureau announced tonight that storm warnings are displayed along the Gulf Coast from Brownsville, Tex., to Tampa, Fla., and along the Atlantic seaboard from Jacksonville, Fla., to Boston, Mass. Cold wave warnings have been ordered for the Gulf States, Northwest Georgia, Tennessee and Arkansas. This advisory warning was issued tonight: "Hoist southeast storm warning 10 p. m., Delaware Breakwater to Boston, and at Baltimore and Washington. Storm of marked intensity over the lower Mississippi Valley, moving eastward. Winds will v become easterly by Saturday morning and .increase, probably reaching gale force by Sunday night. Southeast storm warnings are displayed from Jacksonville, Fla., to Norfolk, Va. Hoist northwest storm warning, 10 p. m.. Gulf Coast, Bay St. Louis to Tampa. Winds will become strong northwest by Saturday morning." Storm Warnings Here Storm warnings were hoisted at the local Weather Bureau station last night, and it was stated that a decided change in temperature might be expected, possibly preceded by rainy weather today. CENTERS ON TROOPS FIGHTERS REMEMBERED AT CHRISTMAS TIME-MAILS HEAVY NO TRUCE AT FRONT Interned German Prisoners In England Lay Plans For Big Celebration LONDON, Dec. 24. The celebration of England's second Christmas of the war is being devoted mainly to the soldiers. Several thousand of them have come from the front on leave. These men, with the large forces in the home camps and the thousands in hospitals, are being entertained at dinners, concerts and theaters. In every town of the United Kingdom there is some celebration for sqldiers and sailors. More than 1,500.000 packages have been sent to soldiers on the continent. Six special trains a.nd four channel boats have been employed for the last week to carry the army mails. The railway stations of London are crowded with soldiers, many of them just from the trenches and covered with mud. They carry Prussian helmets, rifles, knapsacks, shells and other souvenirs of battle.' Committees of men and women meet these men, feed them and help them on their way into the provinces. Even the German prisoners in England are preparing for elaborate Christmas celebrations. At Don-nington Hall, the place of confinement of a majority of the officers, so many packages are being received from Germany that the village postoftice has been compelled tto enlarge its staff. The German officers have made large purchases of turkeys, geese, wines and beer. Germans to Have Good Time. The German civilians interned in Alexander Palace in London are having concerts and theatrical performances. The business section of London is preparing for the usual three-day holiday. All the banks and large, establishments will close from tonight until Tuesday. Only a few of the smaller shops will be opened Monday. The lack of the usual excursion facilities is keeping the working people in town. Christmas shopping has shown little decrease, but there is great scarcity of Christmas trees, which usually are imported from Germany and Scandinavia. The early closing of restaurants and the limited hours in which alcoholic drinks may be consumed arc curtailing festivities at the London hotels and restaurants. Early dinners are replacing late suppers. Dark days with heavy rain add to the gloom of the war. Singers giving Christmas carols in the streets on the evenings of Christmas week for pennies have almost disappeared. Reports from the front say that the Informal; (truce in th trenches on Christmas Day of last year will riot be repeated tomorrow, as the officers disapprove of it. TRAIN STRIKES AUTO AND ONE IS KILLED rhree Probably Fatally Injured and One Badly Hurt BREAUX BRIDGE, La., Dec. 24 One person is dead, three probably are fatally injured and several pain fully hurt as the result of a collision between an automobile and a New Or leans, Texas & Mexico Railroad motor train near Arnaudville today. John Herbert died wf his injuries shortly after the accident and Lemuel Brous-sard, Abodo Lendry and IX Dupois are not expected to recover. Robert Angelle, the fifth member of the party, will surivive, physicians said. The young men all are residents of this place and are under twenty years of age. BRITISH AFFECTION PLANS TO F MEXICO ON CREDIT WILL NOT BORROW FUNDS TO REPLENISH A DEPLETED TREASURY JUST YET BELIA VED VILLA WILL SURRENDER FORCE HAS BEEN SENT IN PURSUIT Free House Rent Is Provided For All Destitute Women In Capital WASHINGTON. Dec. 24. Unofficial information received here says Gen eral Carranza will try to run the do facto Government in Mexico without seeking a foreign loan until some months hence, because of the prevailing high price of money. An effort will be made next month to linance a Federal Bank, and the new banking system is expected to do much toward restoring the country's credit. Although Mexico is practically bankrupt, the treasury empty and the ; national debt increased. Carranza is I said to believe that with a policy of economy his provisional administration will be able to conduct itself for some time merely by using the ordi- j nary resources of the country. The necessity for this course is urgent, for aside from the belief that ' Mexico would have difficulty in providing security acceptable to bankers, no one cou'd be depended on to float any loan. Carranza is confident that the financial conditions will improve rapidly after peace is settled and that the port receipts and internal revenues will be sufficient to provide adequate revenues. Think Task Too Large Officials here, however, are doubtful of Carranza's ability to go long without outside money. They point, out that the bills the new Government will have to pay include such imperative obligations as the resumption of interest payments on t"he national debt and charges incident to paying the arrears on the National Railway's bonds and their reconstruction. It is known that it is planned "to maintain for a long time the army at almost its present strength, more than 100,000 men, and the finances for paying this body will have to be provided monthly. j Sends Christmas Message EL PASO, Tex.. Dec. 24. A Christmas message expressing the confidence of the de facto Government In the early restoration of order in Mex- , ico. was sent throughout Mexico to,-night by Carranza officials here. Messages were received by General Obregon, commander in chief of the Carranza Army, indicating that General Rodriguez, who leads the largest remaining organized Villa force, is . about to surrender. A committee is ; understood to be on its way Jiere from Rodriguez' headquarters at Casas Grandes, to arrange terms. General Villa has not been located. General Carranza has instructed General Obregon to dispatch an army westward from Chihuahua to find him. Pursuit probably will lead the Carranza forces to Madeiro, where five foreigners are held prisoners under orders, it was reported, from General Villa. ! All See General Obregon I A group of former Villa generals to- ! day conferred with General Obregon. General Robles was appointed to muster out the Villa survivors. The troops are to he .disarmed, paid, clothed and given the choice of joining Carranza in the campaign against General Zapata or be sent home. ; A number of large smelters are pre- ! paring to resume operations in Mexico January 5. Other industries, including mining industries, are also planning to resume work. To Aid the Destitute ! MEXICO CITY. Dec. 24. Free house1 rent for a year for impoverished widows of Carranza soldiers is a philanthropy which the new Government has undertaken. Two hundred such homes have been established by the decree, of General Pilar R. Sanchez, chief of the Second Division of the West, ac- cordiner to advices available hre to- day. To accomplish this many houses ; have been commandeered. Documen- j tary evidence that the husband was killed in a campaign is required of the ; widow applicant. POPE ADDS PEACE PRAYER TO LITANY Expresses to Sacred College His Ardent Desire ROME (Via Paris). Dec. 24. Vpe Benedict today, in replying to tbe Christmas address and greetings on behalf of the Sacred College by Cardinal Vannutelli, feelingly alluded to the "terrible war in Europe." The Pontiff again expressed an ardent desire for peace, and said that, in conformity with the wishes of many of the faithful, he had consented to make an addition of the words of "Queen of Peace, pray for us." to the Litany of Loreo, and expressed the hope that the Virgin's intercession with God would soon bring an answer to his prayers. Pope Benedict's reply to Cardinal Vannutelli's greetings was delivered on the occasion of the reception by the Pontiff of the Sacred College. CARRANZA RUN GOVERNMENT 0 PRESIDENT JOINS MERRYMAKNG AT HONEYMOON HOTEL CONCLUDE THE WORK FIRST LADY IS GRACIOUS GUEST OF HUNDREDS AT HOT SPRINGS HOSTELRY NEW YORK QIVES TO NEEDY ARMY FRICK SAVES KIDDIES' BANK ROLLS Prosperity Note Rings From All Over Country Nothing But Joy Over the Land HOT SPRINGS, Va., Dec. 24. President and Mrs. Wilson participated tonight in an old-fashioned Virginia Christmas celebration held in the spacious lounge of their hotel. It was their first appearance in the public part of the hotel since they arrived Sunday to spend their honeymoon. A big and gaily decorated Christmas tree filling one end of the lounge, was presided over by a dusky Santa Claus. Before it disported fifteen negroes whose antics and musical efforts kept the President and everybody else almost convulsed with laughter. When Mr. Wilson and his bride appeared they found a crowd of merry celebrators including many other honeymoon couples standing, waiting for them to take reserve places. Mrs. Wilson wore an evening gown of black chiffon velvet, with flesh-colored cloth at the neck. She wore a diamond brooch given her by the President, and a small wrist watch. It was near midnight when the party broke up with hearty exchanges of Christmas good wishes. Earlier in the evening the President and Mrs. Wilson, on returning from an automobile ride had been dining in their apartments. ' All Christmas presents addressed to President Wilson here passed today into the safe keeping of his wife, to be withheld by her until opened to-nierht. The packages addressed to Mrs. Wilson were taken in charge by the President. New York Starts Celebration NEW YORK Dec. 24. Official celebration of Christmas was begun at midnight when lights were turned on i in "community" Christmas trees and ; choirs sang carols and thousands of late shoppers paused to listen. Charitable associations distributed thousands of baskets to the poor and none need want for Christmas cheer, they say. An avalanche of Christmas packages were dumped into the Post-office. In Wall Street, in banks and brokers' officers, stores and factories Christmas bonuses were distributed with a lavish hand. Gift buying was on an unprecedented scale and there was no lack of funds to provide for the needs of charity. Commander Evangeline Booth announced that all arrangements had been made for the Christmas dinner given every year by the Salvation Army everywhere in the world. More than 50,000 persons in the Metropolitan district will share in the feast and toys will be given to nearly 20,-OfiO children. Other similar societies will entertain on a larger scale than ever. Vincent Astor in Charity Role Vincent Astor tomorrow will provide dinners for thousands of families through various organizations: Congress Loft will distribute 3,000 baskets throughout his district and James J. Harold, of the Fifteenth District played Santa Claus for the children of that division. Through an Italian newspaper 5,000 baskets were delivered to the Italian poor. In hospitals and institutions there was no lack of the Christmas spirit and in almost every one of them there was a tree. An entertainment was given tonight for the immigrants at Ellis Island. Many of those on th' island detained as undesirables here since thp war began, through the closing of their home ports, were participants in the celebration. Midnight masses in every Roman Catholic Church in the diocese was held under instructions from Cardinal Farley. Joy in Pittsburg PITTSBURG. Dec. 24. Joy prevailed in the hearts of Pittsburg school children tonight as a result of the announcement today by II. C. Frick. millionaire coal magnate that he will pay in full as a Christmas gift, all the accounts of the 41,000 children depositors in the Pittsburg Bank for Savings, which was closed here last Wednesday by order of the State De partment of Banking. The deposits I amount to $167,13t?.fi8, and payment I will be made in cash just as soon as the necessary arrangemenst can be i completed., which probably will be I about January 3. Tn order to induce children to have a school savings fund was started many years ago. Through an agreement with the City Board of Education, bank collectors visited the 132 schools in the city, weekly. Penny by penny the deposits of the children increased until they amounted to nearly $170,. 000. Then for a few days before Christmas, it was announced that the bank had been closed and gloom fell over the city. To Save Kiddies Money When Mr. Frick. who is in New York was informed that thousands of children were depositors he at once communicated with 11. C. McEldowney, president of another bank, and announced that he would take care of (Continued On Page 6, Col. 2) FORD ON WAY 'HOME; WILL LEAVE PARTY ILL HEALTH REASON FOR HIS ABANDONING HIS COMPANIONS SO SUDDENLY ABSENCE CAUSES GENERAL COMMENT NEWSPAPERS ASK WHAT IS THE MATTER Women's International Peace Union Will Take Up Plan Where He Left It CHRISTIANIA Dec. 24 (Via London) The Norwegian liner Bergens-fjord with Henry Ford on board, sailed tor New York this mcrning. Mr. Ford statfd before leaving Bergen that the peace expedition would c ntinue under the auspices of the Women's International Peace Association. The Rev. Samuel S. Martinis, dean of St. Paul's Cathedral, Detroit, sailed from Bergen with Mr. Ford. Before leaving Christiania for Bergen Mr. Ford wrote the following statement for the press: "I am satisfied with what has been accomplished in Christiania. Peace has been given publicity. Newspapers have power to end the war for it is through publicity that the gospel of peace is spread. "Norway is like every other country. The people are all right." In announcing at Bergen the circumstances under which the expedi-tlcn would be continued Mr. Ford said a committee had been appointed to act as leaders. It consists of Judge Ben Lindsey of Denver; the Rev. Dr. Jenkin Lloyd Jones of Chicago; John Barry of San Francisco; Lieutenant Governor Andrew J. Betheau of Stuth Carolina, and Louis P. Lochner of Chicago, Mr. Ford's secretary. Christiania newspapers say that, in view of Mr. Ford's departure, no prominent Norwegians will join the expedition. Was Novel Expedition Henry Ford's departure from Europe apparently marks the termination, in its original form, of the most novel of the many movement which have been undertaken to bring about the ending of the war. Mr. Ford's announcement that the W. men's International Peace Association henceforth will conduct the expedition would seem to indicate that, so far as he personally is concerned, he will relinquish the self-imposed task which he expressed in the phrase: "Out of the trenches by Christmas." It has not been made clear, however, whether Mr. Ford will continue to give financial support to the enterprise. The Women's International Peace Association has been in existence for some time. It held a congress at The Hague last spring and appointed delegates to visit the Capitals of various European and American nations. One of the most prcminent women at the congress was Madame Rosika Schwimmer, president of the Hungarian Woman Suffrage Association, and a member of the Ford peace party. After the congress at The Hague, Mme. Schwimmer came to the United States to continue her work f r peace. She went to Detroit to see Mr. Ford and it was reported it was she who suggested to him the -idea of the peace expedition. Ford Left Secretly Before the peace ship Oscar If. reached the other side there were reports of dissension among the peace delegates. When Mr. Ford reached Christiania. he kept in the background, it being said that he was ill. It was not until last night, however, that the unconfirmed report that he had quit the party reached this country. Although full details have not been received, it would appear that he made his departure secretly, and that most of the peace delegates, at the time they left Christiania for Stockholm, were ignorant of the fact that he was not to go with them. One Christiania dispatch said Mr. Ford had boarded a train from Christiania for Bergen yesterday at about the time his former associates were leaving for Stockholm. It was said Mr. Ford's sudden departure was due to the fact that his physician had rdered him to rest. It was on November 24 that Mr. Ford announced he had chartered the Ocsa.r II. and would take to Europe a party of pacificists. Had Ambitious Plans "The time has come to say 'cease firing,'" he said. "We are going to try to get the boys out of their trenches and hack home by Christmas." He added he did not- know how he was going to do it. Even at" the time the Oscar II. sailed on December 4. no well defined plan had been arrived at and the v yagers were not aware what would be done and or where they would go when they reached Norway. It was decided later to attempt to form an international committee to sit definitely at The Hague and suggest means of peace. Mr. Ford invited the Governors - t all th States and many other prominent persons to go to Europe with him at his expense. Tn the party as finally composed there were 148 persons with a larce proportion rf newspaper correspondent s. The Ford party reached Christiania December 18. Ford Reported 111 STOCKHOLM, Dec. 24 (Via London) On account of his serious illness, Henry Ford has been compelled (Continued on Page 3, Col. 3) 8E prohibition Trammell, Who Will Run For Senate, Thinks Plan is Best IS A GRAVE ISSUE Question Will Remain Before Congress Until Finab ly Decided TALLAHASSEE. Dec. 24. (Special.) Governor Park Trammell, who will be a candidate for United States Senator in the Democratic Primary of next June, has announced that if he is elected to the Senate, he will favor and- vote for having submitted to the Legislatures of the several States for ratification an amendment to the Federal Constittuion providing for National prohibition. Governor Trammell states that his position is well in keeping with his previous record, as he is well known to have always been on the temperance side of the liquor question. Governor Trammell also states that inasmuch as the question of National prohibition is sure to be before the United States Senate until submitted to the States he feels it proper to publicly declare himself upon this important issue. PLAN LARGER SUB FLEET FOR CANAL oethals and Aides Conferring On Location of Bases To Increase Mine Fields PANAMA, Dec. 24. Major General Goethals, Governor of the Canal Zone, Brigadier General Edwards, and Rear Ad miral Grant, commanding the Atlantic submarine flotilla, at conferences here, are .said to be discussing locations for submarine bases at both ends of the Panama Canal, with a view to bringing a larger underwater fleet to the Isthmus They also are understood to be arranging the location of various mine fields and other defensive measures in which a submarine fleet would play an active part At the conclusion of the work they will make recomendations to the War and Navy Departments. There are low two warships in Canal waters, the Columbia, at Colon, and the Cleveland, at Balboa. CHRISTMAS A FITTING TIME TO TALK PEACE Cardinal Vannutelli Says Pope Is One to Lead ROME. Dec. 24. In his address to Pope Benedict today on the occasion of the reception by the Pontiff of the Sacred College which visited him to extend Christmas greetings. Cardinal Vannutelli said that no better time than Christmas could be chosen to speak of peace in a year in which there had been so much sorrow and bloodshed. The Cardinal declared that the Pope is the fittest to take the lead in restoring peace, right and justice, having no interest of his own to further. The Pontiff's post as "vicar of the King of peace," entitles him to be mediator for the good of humanity, said Cardinal Vannutelli. MAN REACHED AFTER 96 HOURS IS ALIVE Rescuers Chisel Way Through a Steel Car and Risk Lives SHAMOKIN. Pa., Dec. 24. After being entombed for ninety-six hours by a rush of coal at the Richards Colliery of the Reading Company, since Monday last. Joseph Renoc.k. a. miner! was taken out alive this morning. A force of 120 men had been working for the last four days at the risk of their lives to rescue the imprisoned man. The rescue work was exceed ingly dangerous owing to the many hundred tons of loose rock and coal which separated them from the miner. The men encountered a large steel car in the gangway and it was necessary to chisel the car away. I FOUR KILLED IN SNOW STORM VEEDERSBURG. Ind., Dec. 24 Four trainmen were killed and a score of persons injured, none serious, near here late today when an eastbound Cloverleaf passenger train crashed head-on into a freight train. The wreck was during a blinding snowstorm. Why Wait Longer? Don't wait any longer to change your rooming house, or your job,- for there is no reason why you should. It doesn't even require nerve to quit a job these days of Want Ad advertising. The reason is that the Want Ads (ind you other 'jobs and other rooms in a jiffy, so you should not stay one minute in a place you do not like. Turn to the Classified Want Columns now and just see how many offerings there are today in both these lines, then act at once, and the Tribune Want Ada will do the rest. FIGHTING IN WEST IS MOST VIOLENT KNOWN N MONTHS STRUGGLE AROUND HART-MANN'S WEILERKOPF ABATES THROUGH EXHAUSTION CLASH IN GREECE TO BE TERRIFIC BOTH SIDES ARE MAKING PREPARATIONS Lloyd-George Needs More Labor In Munition Factories British Losses to Date Heavy BERLIN, Dee. 24. (Via Wirelees to Sayville) There has been a re- newal of activity on the Bessara-bian front, the Russians attacking the Austrian forces there, according to today's official report from Austro-Hungarian Army Head quarters received here from Vienna. The official statement declares that Russian attacks were repulsed with heavy losses to the -Russian troops. Regarding operations in the Balkans, the statement is made that in engagements during 'the last few days 600 prisoners were cap tured. On the Italian front, positions in the Dardaro district and the Tolmino bridgehead have been shelled by the Italian artillery. LONDON; Dec. 24. Tomorrow, the second Christmas of the war, 'will differ but little from Its predecessor, judging from the visible signs of the past twenty-four hours. Although there is small Uklihood of an exact repetition of the strange truce of last year, here and there it is probable that the opposing lines will cnmA to fsnm . ttftrfr t an A t n n - ing which will permit each other to, celebrate their own common day of re-joicing without undue annoyance. The fighting around Hartmann's Weilerkopf, which has been the chief incident in the recent news from the western front, has not yet reached a decision, but reports Indicate that the four days' losses on both sides have been so severe that some kind of a lull is almost Inevitable. Terrific Clash Soon in Greece The news .from Greece continues to pressage a terrltic clash in the near future, but. most of the dispatches put the date of the conflict off until the new year. Events have recently developed rapidly In Persia, . with the Russians Hd-vancing successfully on Teheran. The two chief centers of rebel activity in Persia already are in Russian hands, and the rapidity with which the Russians are moving indicates that they are meeting only weak opposition. Considerable distance lies between the British position at Kut El Amara and the nearest Russian forces, but If the Russians have continued successes a junction between them and the British may be expected before long. Need of Labor Dilution David Dloyd-George, the British Minister of Munitions, Is spending his Christmas visiting the munition works in the Clyde districts, where he is urging the imperative need of some measure of "labor dilution," which includes an agreement by the labor unions to permit of the employment of a percentage of unskilled men with skilled men in munitions works. An interesting feature In Mr. Lloyd-George's program today was the christening of a new munitions manufacturing center. "Georgetown." The figures given by Premier As-quith today show how heavy have been the British casualties during the war. These total nearly 530,000, without counting the men invalided on account of sickness. . - Many isolated engagements on various fronts have upset predictions of the universal Christmas, truce.. Noth ing of great importance, however, has developed. FrCm Galacia the Russians report success in an action against the Aus-trians near Trembowla, where there has been an indication recently that the Austriins and Germans are seeking to strengthen their lines. French Maintain Gains On Hartmanns-Weilerkopf the French claim to have maintained their gains on a front of one mile, but admit their left has been compelled to fall back. The. Germans assert they have retaken the lost ridgo, with th capture of many prisoners. Special dispatches to Iondon papers state the Bulgarians are prepar-inf to invade Greek territory in . an effort to expel the allies from Salonikl. The Entente, forces are strengthening their positions and express confidence there is no immediate prospect of an offensive against them. Parliament adjourned without receiving the figures concerning the Earl of Derby's recruiting plan, but on reassembling after the holidays the members will have the facts in regard to the question whether conscription is necessary. The Battle Fronts PARIS. Dec. 24 The battle fronts of both sides in the conflict in the Serbian theater of war are given in a dispatch from the Saloniki correspondent of the Echo de Paris. The correspondent states that 60,- 000 Germans are massed around Mon astic with the Bulgars concentrated in the center of the Vardar valley and two Turkish divisions taking a position on the left of the Bulgars. The French are ranged In a semi -circle around Saloniki with their left on the Vardar center, facing the Greek fron-

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