. 'Mil WW I P"K J 11 I II III ( U .4 'A 1 i V f i. 1 ' , X q V If i ll ill m r . r ft ta is . jrs. f w i I I ! "V , , , v 'ylVW . "'f; VOLUME XX. r-.v&r : ;- NTJRIBEB 86, An Old Hald3 Views. Some one who avows herself an old maid takes a very cheerful view of her social fituation in the Troy Times. .Her views will be of interest to many: It always astonishes .tne when I take a re alizing sense of the tact that i am an oiu maidt Why, you will scarcely believe it when I con less that I once had lovers by the lection, and offers were as numer ous aa flirtation are now-a-days. I was always in love. I don't remember the time when I had not some , Wiilie or Frank to. dream' about,, and write love letters to, und aft I donned my long , drses, Rome handsome Augustus was sure to keep my thoughts employed until another - with greater fascinations superseded him.' You need not imagine I regret them now. No, indeed ! My life is a pleasant one. No one annoys me. No husband flirts with other . men's wives or young girls, . breaking my heart. No husband calls me "my love" in company and "old brute" at home! He'does uot growl at milliners' bills "or extravagant wardrobes. lie never sets lookinir at me, wishing I was s handsome as Mrs. B , or Miss J--, Ho does not wish my eyes were as divinely blue and my hair as charmingly golded as Katie' over the way. He never casts sly glances at pretty girls, throwing them kisses when, my back is turned. He doesn't marvel how he evet came -to -"marry me, when there were so many handsome women in the world. If I am ill, he is not wondering how weeds would become him, and if he should be obliged to have an expensive fuueral. He isn't at all thinking what a'; jolly widower he'd make, and how eager Jennio F would be to marry him, or how gladly Flora J would lift up her bewitching brown eyes and promise to be his. He does not complacently fondle his mustache before the mirror, and think how every one must pity him, and' regret (girls es- 1ecially) that so handsome a man should i e bound to so plain looking a woman, lie isn't watching me continually to see if I fulfill all my duties as a ; wife ; to criticise ray every movement, to.be annoyed at the weakness of the tea, , the toughness of the steak, or the' lateness of the breakfast. Thank the gods no ! I am a free woman. I do as I please, go where I please, think, breathe, sneeze, wink, cough, sleep and eat as I please.- Old Mother Hubbard had her dog. Dame Crump had her pig, but I have my cat! An intellectual animal, too, one that has more than many children. Tabby and I enjoy ourselves in a rational manner Silo never speaks si cross word ; neither do I. Toother we sit and think hours at a time, by the open grate, and draw great morals from the ti e within. Tabby has a quiet temperament aiid we never quarrel. I often hear people exit claim that old maids are always gossips. -jNot so. I don't care if Mary Jane has stolen another girl's beau. I never feel interested in the cost of Susan's new bonnet, or Jennie's silk dresses. I do , not wonder that Mrs. C should be extravagant, or Miss C. should flirt so much. What do I care ? Tabby and 1 occa sionally remark upon the folly and stu- pidity of certain porsons, but we do not mention it out of our own family. My cat is not communicative, neither am I Yesterday I met one of my old lovers.' Once he praised y eves, my lips, the beauty of my hair, the freshness of my manners. He professed to love me, but he met a prettier girl and I a gayer young man, and so we parted. He is married now, has a cross, faded wife and seven children lie looks old and wea ry. T lt sorry for him, but I smiled at my folly for ever wasting one thought upon him. Would .1 give 4ip my- jolly life of an old maidf Never! My hair is growing gray, but I don't use "Hall'd Hair Restorative." My face has some ; wrinkles in it, but I don't use "Laird's bloom of youth." My fingers are not white and soft and dimpled, but I do not bathe -them ? in- "cold cream," ' and wear old kids. I don't tear out my hair with crimpers. I never wear long trails that sweep the ground for , half a mile. I do not wear humps on my back and double up with the fashionable , "Grecian Bend." I don't have to wear ' eye glasses and pretend I am near sighted. I am not obliged to wear a butler-fly's wing on my head in February, freezing my ears until they are purple. I don't have to go in low neck dresses, nor howl opera music until my throat is ore, nor study attitudes before n mirror, nor twi6t my tongue out endeavoring to learn German, nor fall in love with my dancing master. I am not un der painful necessity of squeezing my hands to No. G gloves when seven is my number, nor do I pinch my , feet, in ' little shoes until existence seems a burden. I do not have to sing Italian ditties in , a languishing manner to some sentimental youth in tight pants and v waxed mustache. I am far more ' inde pendent in my plain merino, with inv hair in a little knot, than Miss . Flora MeFlimsy is-in her elegant "silks and sparkling diamonds.' I can look at gay young man, and he dees not flatter - himself that I am dying for love of him I can go to church and listen to the ser mon, not caring for the stylish hats and Handsome dresses of my neighbors. can enjoy my friends' ; successes and riches, feeling no envy. : I can see lov era kiss their sweethearts goodnight witnout a pang. &"A fellow in Derjatur, II linois, the other day thought he had found a long piece of dress goods upon the pavement lie picked up one end of it, and commenced winding it around bis arms, when on looking around the corner, he discovered a lady at the other end quiet ly talking to a friend. : He suddenly dropped bis prize and started oil. For the Tribune. Yoman's Rights. ' BY MBS. N. P. IA8SEIXE. It is her right to watch beside ,. ,. : :r The bed of sickoeti and of pain, : , And when the heart almost dispiiirs,1, ; To whisper hopes of health again. Her rlght,to make the hearth-stone glad, With gentle words and cheerful smile; .And when man is with care oppressed, His weary spirit to beguile. ' :w'i a', h .... 'rZfO:-. r- ;i It is her right to train her sons ; O : So they may Senate chambers grace - Thus "she's with "more honor crowned, -,. Thau if herself had filled the place." ! .4 It is her right to be admired . , . ,, " By every generous, manly heart,) When,' with true dignity and grace, : She acted well a woman's part. She has a dearer right than this ; t To be in one true heart enshrined Who, though all the world forsake, Will cherish still and still be kind. And there is yet a higher right, Which also is to woman given ; 'Tis hers to teach the infant mind Those truths divice, which come from - , Heaven. " What would she more, than to perform, On earth, life's holiest, sweetest task? When you a perfect woman find, ' ' . No other rights than these she asks. Beautiful Extract. There is much truth and beauty in the fol lowing fugitive waif, floating about' among our exchanges : Men seldom think of the great event of death until the studow falls across their own pnth, hiding forever from their eyes the traces , cf the loved ones whose living smiles were the sunlight of their existence. Death is the great antagonist of life, and the cold thought of the tomb is the skeleton "f all feasts. We do not want to go through the dark vallcy.nlthough its passage may loud to purndise ; and, with Charles Lamb we do not. want to lie down in the muddy grave, even with kings and princes for our bed-fellows. But the Bat of nut tiro is inexorable. Thero is no appeal or relief from the great law which dooms to dust. We flourish and fade like the leaves of the forest, and the flower that blooms and withers in a day has no frailer hold upon life than the mightiest monaroh that ever shook the earth with his footsteps. Generations of men appear and vanish us the grass, and the countless multi- tude that throngs the World to-day will to- morrow disavmear us the footsteos on the on the shore. Tn the bountiful driinni of Ion. the instinct of immortality, so eloquently uttered by the death-di voted Greek finds a deep response in every thoughtful soul. When about to yield his yc ung existence as a sacrifice to fate, his beloved Clomenthe ask if they shall not meet again, to which he replies : - "I have asked that dreadful question of the hills that look eternal of the clear streams that flow forever of the stars among whose fields of azure my raised spirit huth walked in glory. All were dumb. But while I gazed upon thy living face, I feel that there is something in the love that mantles through its beauty that cannot wholly perish. We shall meet again. Blessedness of Trusting in God. O, the blessedness of that man who has been enabled to realize the most en tire conviction and that not as a theo ry, but as practical truth that God does all things well, and that his work is per fect ! The grinding and low cares of this life have no place with him. ' lie knows that his affairs are guided by Ono who cannot err that he is watched over tor good by One who is never wea ry. Human friends may weary of him and shake him off, if he becomes trouble some by his wants, but he heeds it little his God invites, solicits,is gratified by the entireness of his dependence and by the full and undivided burden of his cares '" ' Strange it is that we are so "slow to claim the rights thus given us and which we onght to regard as inestimable privileges." Yet how few are known to any of us, who do truly realize the many promises and gracious invitations to do that WhlCtl Can alone make tlllS lite tOi- erable. The Aurora Borealis. A remarkable display of the northern lights occurred in this part of the coun try on the night of the 14th inst, and was witnessed in Philadelphia, Baltimore, Kicnmond, Va.. Louisville, Ky., Indian apolis, Ind., and many other places. ibe display was unusually brilliant and nas excited more attention than any similar phenomena since the electric storm of 1859. In Philadelphia broad bands of red and green light, reaching from the east to the western horizon, and as far south as the eye could reach, suddenly changed into knots overhead, which sent forth broad rays in every direction. " During its continuance the Western Union Telegraph Company , worked its lines from tho city to the western part of the State without the use of a battery at either end. t , . , lV In Richmond a belt of white about six feet in width, shone across the sky, extending from east to west, and drifted north wards, crossing, and to some extent obscuring the moon, and finally gathered as a fan closes, and disappeared. Jn Indianapolis a beautiful bow was formed in the south. . Then tho 6ky lightened in the northwest, and in the ' I east huge sheens of light darted out, j turned red and then faded away. The , Hother and Her Family. Philosophy is rarely found. The most perfect sample I ever met wa; an old woman who was apparently the poorest so ti ue is the maxim which all profess to believe, arid none actnpon invariably, viz , that all happiness does not depend on outward circumstances. The wise woman to whom 1 have' alluded Walks to Roston, a distance of twenty or. thirty miles, to sell a bag of brown thread and stockings, and then patiently walks back aeain with Iter little trains. Her dress. though tidv, is a grotesque collection of "shreds and patches," coarse in the ex- treme. Why don't you come down in ' a wagon V said I, when I observed , 6he was wearied with her long journey. ; " v e han t got any horse," she replied; "the neighbors are very kind to me, but they can't spare their'n, and it wonld cost as much to hire one as all my thread would come to." s "You have a husband don't he do anything for you f" "He is a good man he does all he can, but he s a cripple . and an invalid. He reels my yarn and mends the children's shoes. He's as kind a husband as a woman need have." ' But his being a cripple is a heavy misfortune to "you," said I. 'Why, ma'am, I don't look upon it in that light," replied the thread woman. "I consider that I have great reason to be thankful that he never took, to any bad habits." 'How many children have yon?" "Six sons and five daughters, ma'am.' "Six sons and five daughters! What a family tor a poor woman to support! 'It's a family, surelv, ma'am : but there ain't one of 'em I'd be willinar to lose. They are all as healthy children as need be all willingto work and all clever to me. Even the littlest boy when he orets a cent now and ' then for doing: an errand is sure to bring it to me. ' . "Do your daughtes spin vour thread?" "Ho ma am ; as soon a they are big enough they go but to service, as I don't want to keep them always delving for me ; they are always willing to give me what they can ; but it's right and tan- that they should do a little for them selves. , I do all my spinning after the folks are a-bed." "Don t you think you should be better off, if you had no one but yourself to I provide for ?" - "Why no, ma'am, I don't If I hadn't been married, I " should always had to work as I could,- and now I ; can't do more than that. My children are a great comfort to me, and I look forward to the time when they'll do as much for me as I have done for them." Here was true philosophy! I learned a lesson from that poor woman which I shall not soon forget. Lamp Clilmeys. Here is a bit of household philosophy that is worth being stored up in the memories of those who regard the econ- omies of domestic management and seek to avoid as manv of the nettv annovari- nao fa a nnoa K a Wfl ora Oua that the fact stated below is rather det- rimental to the glass trade and those wl,o make a laree nrofit bv selling Door lamu chimneys, which have to be dunli- cated every dav or two. If. however. they will discard the bad and keep the better sort, we know the ladies will tbank us and them for helping to abolish one of the greates nuisances of house keeping life in sections where gas has not doomed the kerosene lamp to perpetual banishment. An exchange says . , , There is "shoddy" in glass as well as in woolen fabrics. Uonsn mers of kero sene are sometimes almost discouraged, so frequently do chimneys break, with out any apparent cause, rendering the cost of chimneys about equal to oil. Cheapness being the order of the day, a great manyTTKanutacturers make chim neys from silicate of lead. The initiated may tell the different qualities oi glass by ringing them ; the vibrations of the lead glass having a clear, ringing bell like sound, possessing the: requisite strength to withstand expansion and contraction, as well as the general pres- ure ot use, and will out last halt a dozen of the lime-glass chimneys. Fifteen cents invested in one of the' load chim nova in mnnnv -p11 invPKtArl nvn thmioh j - j ... . - . - o -- it injures the "trade" in the cheaper kind, which it most assuredly ought to do, and doubtless will. Stick a pin there, and remember it. Jerusalem. The explorers at Jerusalem have made turther discoveries of underground struc tures part of the ancient city which have lor generations been hidden by ac cumulations of rubbish and modern buildings. They have opened a vaulted passage, one side ot which is massive masonry, the other perpendicular rock, and this rock is supposed to be the plat- form on which the leraple was built, ohouirt this supposition prove true, the I long debated question as to the dimen- sions ot the lemple may perhaps be set- tied ; and the archaeologists who hold that the extent of the building was not greater than appears in Josephus, J may find their views confirmed. From this it will be Been that the exploration be comes more and more interesting ; but it is unfortunate that in order to lay open old Jerusalem, a . large part of modern Jerusalem must be endangered or destroyed. Nevertheless, if we can succeed in getting a idennite notion what Jerusalem was like in the days Herodf all the money, labor and enthu siasra expended in - obtaining that result wiu nave been wen bestowed. not our Teeth Lifetime? Last our That they are made perfect, if the right materials are furnished, there can not be a doubt. But are the necessary elements fur nished to children as they are to the young oi other animals t And do we not subject our teeth to deleterious in fluences from which animals, that obey their natural instincts are exempt? The forming young of other animals, while dependent on the mother, get lime, and phosphorus, and potash, and silex, and all the other elements of which the teeth are composed, from the blood or milk of the mother, and she crets thera from the food which Nature provides containing these elements in Why do their natu-S-don't ral proportions. . But where can the child in its forming state get these necessary elements, whose mother lives principally on starch, and butter and sugar, neither of which con tains a particle of lime. nhosDhorus. potash or silex Nature performs no miracles She makes teeth as glass is made, by combining the elements which eompo.se them according to her own chemical principles. And this illustration is the more forcible because the composition of the enamel of the teeth and of class is very nearly identical : both at least requiring the combination of silex with some alkaline principle. It, then, the mother of an unborn or nursmsr infant lives on white bread and butter, pastry and confectionary, which contain no silex, and very little of the other elements which compose the teeth, nothing 6hort of a miracle can crive her a child with good teeth, and especially with teeth well enameled. But what articles of food will make good teeth I Good milk will make good teeth, for it makes them for calves. Good meat will make good teeth, for it makes them for lions and wolves Good vegetables and fruits will make good teeth, for they make them for monkeys. tiood corn, oats, barley, wheat, rye, and, indeed, everything that grows, will make good teeth, it eaten in their natu- ral state, no elemeuts being taken out tor every one of them does make teeth for horses, cows, sheep, or some other animal But starch, sugar, lard or but ter will not make good teeth. You tried them all with your child's first teeth, and tailed ; and your neighbors have tried them, and the result is that a man or woman at forty with good, sound teeth is a very rare exception. Dr. A. J Bellows. Whitewashing. In these days of Spring cleaning, the whitewash brush and pail ai e freely used by the good housekeeper and none too freely, for aside from the effect that whitewash has upon tne appearance oi the dwelling rooms, it3 use in cellars, out houses, etc., is doubtless of salutary i effect. The essentials in whitewashing f" gooa iinio aim a goou orusn, resn- If . 1 .1 I T 1 t W DU,n? "ru umFB t iiiuo are me best The brush should be t good one ; a cheap affair made to sell, but with long, good orisues, and plenty or them 1UO IUUC JO W I'VUI Wftltl uPon lt until the lumps disap Pr 5 n??re Waier aaaea untu creamy lliu.ia 13 ?Ptai.nea proper thickness lor appi cation, ine pail should have a stiff wire stretched across the top, against which to draw the brush to remove the excess of whitewash.--Commeuce by sweeping the ceiling and walls, to remove the dust; then go over the surface, making the strokes of the brush all in one direction, and parallel ; when the first coat is dried, apply anoth er in a direction across, or at right angles with the former. A Jarge paint brush will be found useful for corners and intricate places. Those who have never whitewashed must not be surpris ed to see the work look very badly while it is wet ; the cnect can only be judged ed of when dry. With a little practice, the operation can be done without spat tering or letting a drop fall. Stir the whitewash occasionally, dip tho brush in perpendicularly and then draw it across the wire above spoken of so as to leave as much in the brush as it will hold without dropping. Salt, white vitrol, starch, paste, and other things are added with a view to prevent the wash lrom rubbing off, but there is little whitewash that will not rub- off. For nice work the lime may be slaked several weeks before it is used. A thin pellicle or crust of Carbonic of lime will form on the surface, which is'to be 6kimmcd off and then the wash may bo poured off from the gritty particles which settle at the bottom. Charred Cob3 for Hog Cholera. A correspondent of the Prairie Farm er gives the iollowing preventive lor hog cholera : Collect your cobs in pile and burn them until they are thor oughly charred, then wet them out Sprinkle brine or salt on the coalsi and let your hogs eat all they want. Farm- ers try it, and my word for it, your hogs win do well. When fattening, give once in two weeks : 6tock hogs once a month. When you want to leed them cob coal let them do without salt for a few days over the regular time, bo that they will eat more freely of the coal. Last win- Iter I neglected giving my hogs cob coal, - 1 and the result was, in the spring they took the cholera; ten of them had it bad. I raked up the cobs in the-lotaud charr- ed them well, then salted the coal freely, They all ate of the coal but three that were too far gone to get up. They died; ot the rest got well, i was surprised tne of next morning to see in their discharges - a large amount of small white worm. My belief is, the worms are what do the lmisomet. Baby's Rights A Baby's Story by a Bahy I ain't very old to write- -I'm only yesterday. one It was my birthdav and I don't have milk out of my bottle any more I have bread and milk out of a bowl. Bridget ties my bib under my chin and feeds me very fast she dosen't understand that I ought to have time to swaliow. When I shut mv lips an put- ter, she says, "Uhere now; take your supper good, like a darlin!" I can't swallow a whole bowl at a time ; and I cry, and she gives me a shake. After that I have the stomach ache. Lying awake with it one night, I be gun to think that I hadn't my rights; and I want 'cm. How to get 'era I know. I cry all I can but that's no use. I kick too but what comes of it? They only give me drops to make me sleep ; then I feel hot and sick and stu pid the next day. One of my rights is not to have drops ; but there now, how am I not to have 'em. - There it comes ain ! The most uncomfortable thing I ever had was an India rubber bottle. What are mothers made for, if a baby isn't to have one ? Who invented nursing bottles? - I hate him whoever he was! I have a mother, vou know a lady who says she is, comes in sometimes and tells other lad.es that she is "not contented with Bridget I" Neither am I, for that matter; but see my mother is not thinking of my rights but of hern ! She writes, too, for the newspapers. W hen I want to find out whether she really is my mother, and begin to talk to her, she says Bridget, you must take that darlin' child away he disturbs me dreadfully !" Bridget is big and coarse ; her great knobs of knuckles hurt me. She ties strings too tight, and jogs me too bard. - - L'a. JJ X'. t A I Mv own mother is soft and fair, and her skin is like silk, and I like to touch her. I'm a lady's baby, and one of my rights, that a lady should handle and dandle me. No one sees it. I'm put off on Bridget. Mamma don't like to sit at the table with Bridcet. but she lets ber feed me. Perhaps I have aristocratic notions, too ; who cares for them One day Bridget had a big pewter breastpin, with a yellow stone in it, on her collar, and it kept scratching my head: nobody knew it. One day she tookme out in my wagon and upset me, no one knew that either. She takes me out to her cousin's shan ty where little Pat has the measles or the small dox. and if I don't catch 'em both, it's because. "There's a sweet little cherub that sits up aloft," to keep watch for poor motherless babies. Sometimes 6he leaves me alone in tne . . ... room with a great fire. , I always put my fin?ers in and thev always burn. Once mamma found it out and I had a differ- ent Bridget, iney are an alike ; uiey come from the intelligence office, and vessei reached them, would, we are in-are rough and coarse, and smell of smoke, formed partly raise themselves up from and take care oi me tor money ana not for love. The new one sleeps, and nods over and drops me sometimes. One got tipsy and lay on me. Some day one will tumble down stairs with her big feet and slipshod shoes, and break my neck, I daresay. A father, too, I have a right to a father. Mine is a Wall street man i he goes out early and comes home to dinner. I should think he might be very nice ot know, but I'm not acquainted with him ; ne nas nice uiuck. wmsm-ih, "- laughs and says, "hollo, old fellow," when we meet, and 1 try to ten mm about Bridget ; and my feelings over power me and 1 cry, and he says, "taice the little rascal away, Biddy." One dreadful thing 1 do have ; it is a family doctor, he says I'm a very tine child and does dreadful things to me. '' "'" Once he lanced my gums, once he vaccinated me. After that I had a sore arm and Bridget's blue merino hurts it. In summer there used to be some com fort in going out in my perambulator, and seeing that after all I was not worse off then other babies, all given over to Bridgets, whom I met; but now its winter, and I have to stay in my nursery, in a flannel shawl, and do nothing but think ; and I've decided that I must nave iuy nguia. xv, wuuic muiuu uugu to belong to every baby; and a isridget is an imposition. A lady's baby ought to lay sometimes in a lady's arms, and be talked to by a lady. -; When I am able to speak, I shall say what Bridget says, and with her accent, and then I shall be scolded as if it were my fault. That's the way with my brother Tom. Here I lie now, while Bridget talks to the milkman in the area I'm hungry and damn and wretched. I'm tired of being in the cradle, and I shall hurt my self if I roll out. I want the big orange on the mantle piece, and to sit in some body's lap and have my feet tossed, and hfiar "Little Pig goes to market," but O m mamma is at a political meeting, and papain Wall street, and Bridget in the area, and who cares for what I want. Rights! I wonder where my rights are? Nobody talks about them matter. Ill yell till I get 'em. P. S I have yelled, and Bridget has given merops. No matter, when 1 m a man, l n go in ior me i iguiu ui uauico. I'm going to sleep, (jood bye. A Mistake of oun JVIiu.ions ok Mii.es. An important error in our measurement of the distance of the sun from the earth has been discovered. is now proven that we have been accus lomed to over-estimate the distance by four millions of miles, and that instead of ninety-tivemillions of miles the real figure is ninety-one. The discovery is credited to Mr. Stowe, ot the Royal Ob servatory, at Greenwich, England. 865? 1 he Cuban revolution makes no nro gross, nor do the authorities in suppressing THE PLOW, SPADE, AND HOE The following song was written for the Hinghaiu Agricultural and Horticultual Society : The Farmer's the chief of the nation, The oldest of nobles is he . How blest beyond others his station, From want and from envy how free I. . His patent was granted in Eden, Long ages and ages ago, .'.'. V O the Farmer, the Farmer for ever, Thee cheers for the plow, spade, and hoe! In April, when nature is waking, And blue birds are first on the wing, , His plows how the fallows are breaking, . Whence beautiful harvest shall spring ; Then broadcast along the brown furrow . We hasten the good seed to sow, cl othe Farmer, the Farmer forever, Three cheers for the plow, spade, and hoe! When Hummer in beauty is glowing, With freh, early morn he's away, . j And skillfully guides he the mowing, ; Or tosses the sweet-scented hay ; Then casts him at noon by the brook-side,. Where gaily its bright waters flow, ; O the Farmer, the Farmer for ever, . Three cheers for the plow spade, and hoe ! But when in the clear Autumn weather He reaps the re ward of his care, . So busy and joyful together, - What monarch with him can compare?- His barns running over with plenty, His trees with their fruit bending low, O the Farmer, the Farmer for ever, Three cheers for the plow, spade and hoe ! Then sing ine the life of a Farmer, r With comfort and health in his train, And heed not the voice of the charmer That whispers of speedier gain- With all the rich treasure 'tis teaming rTt. . TT . . J. - That Heaven on its child can bestow, O the Farmer, the Farmer for ever, Three cheers for the plow, spade, and hoe! The Latest Snake Story. The statement published in last Sun rlQirfl 7nsff. that, tho fitpamabirk f OTin Captain pufidd, when on her last trip, off the Tortugas, steamed through tangled mass of snakes of all sizes, has since been the subject of much comment. "bnake stories are proverbially uncer tain, but we are now enabled authoritatively to declare that this particuia one may be relied on. Our original account was incorrect in one particular only. Instead of two hours and a halt, as stated, the Mexico was no more than one hour and a half in passing through this horrible mass of writhing reptiles, lhcy were of all sizes, from the ordinary green water-snake of two feet, to monsters genuine "sea-serpents"- of fourteen to fifteen feel in length. The larger snakes, when tha - nrnflnnoil lw t.hrt movement of the ,he water. as in the attitude of striking. and dart out their tongues wickedly at the waves. The greatest interest as was natural was manifested by those on board the Mexico. Discipline was, for a space, forgotten, and captain, officers, passengers, crew and ship boys stood in common, on the sides, looking on a 6ight that, so far as is shown by sea-annals, has never yet been witnessed by those who haye "down to sea in ships,' and which may possibly, never greet human eyes again. We can think of no valid explanation of the subject, unless it be taking our inspiration from the "day" that the shade of the famous snake de stroyer, on the approach of his anniversary, has been wandering in Florida, and has shown that he has lost none ot his old skill bv driving off in one mass its myriads of reptiles from the coast, Seriously 6peakmg. however," the presence of these snakes in the waters off the Tortugas is a remarkable occur renee. one that may properly claim the attention of the scientific. One fact, at least, is proven, lhat tact is that, un der some special revulsion of the laws ordinarily controlling them, snakes may live in salt water. After this experience, the existence of the mysterious "sea serpent- becomes again an open "ques- i jqjj Our authority for this statement is Captain O. A. Pitfield himself, who ex presses himself ready to vouch for every particular as here recorded. iv. u. l xmes. Thirty Centuries Old. The oldest relic of humanity extant is the skeleton of the earliest Fharaoh, en cased in its : original bnnal robes, and wonderfully perfect, considering its age, which was deposited eighteen or twenty months asro in the British Museum, and is iustly considered the most vaiuaDie oi ii archaeological treasures, ine nu oi the coffin, which contained the roya mummy, was inscribed with the name of its occupant. Pharaoh Mykerimus, who succeeded the heir of the builder of the great pyramid, about ten centuries before Christ. Only think of it ! The monarch whose crumbling bones and de integuments are now the WQ'nder of nnmerous gazer exalting gazers in Lion don, reigned in Egypt before Solomon was born, and about eleven centuries or an after Misraim. the grandson of old father Noah, and the first of the Phara nVs had been gathered to his fathers ! iWhv. the tide-mark of the deluge could It scarcely have been obliterated, or the go- - pher-wood knee-timbers of the ark have rotted on Mount Ararat, when this man of the early world lived, moved, and had his being ! His flesh and blood were contemporary ' with the progenitors of the great patriarch ! His bones and shriveled skin are contemporary with the nineteenth century, and the date of the Crucifixion is only about mid- it I way between his era and ours. Wehster Revised. Professok One who makes an a-vowal of his belief in Scripture especially an officer in a college or university, whose business it is to instruct students in a particular branch of learning. Obsolete. A person who is skilled in breaking horses One who is an adeDt in slight-of-hand performances. A teacher of the art of self-defence. A teacher of the art of French cookery example, Prof. Blot. In fine, the title may be applied to any jackass who has the bold ness to assume it Doctor of Divinity. A title con ferred on a person of profound learning, who has written some work on theology, or by study and research has contributed largely to the fund of 'Bible known- ledge. Obsolete.! A title affixed to thA name of Christian ministers having the same force as Reverend prefixed. One of the honorary degrees conferred indis criminately by colleges on ministers of the Gospel. ; IJ.onoka.blb J ormerly an epithet of respect or distinction given to a member of Congress or a State Senator. The term is now applied to any one elected to a public office, or to a person who distinguishes himself in prize fighting, embezzling, gambling, etc.; also applied in any case where the woM tftshonorable would be more correctly used. Coixege. Formerly - a society of scholars incorporated for purposes of study- or instruction ; an . educational institution with the powers of conferring degrees on its graduates. Now, a school for the instruction of boys in book-keeping ; a boarding school, where voune ladies are tanght music, drawing, etc. any educational institution where, t in addition to a primary and "common English" department, Latin and Greek are studied. The College Courant. .- A V ondertul Discovery. On the 6th nit, on ascending the western slope of Pilot Knob, in company with a small party of ladies and gentlemen, our attention was arrested by the exertions of three stalwart miners in dislodging a huge porphyry boulder which had been nearly entirely undermined by the process of blowing, blasting and digging away iron ore from the mountain side. The weight of this boulder could hardly be conjectured, being nearly round, and measuring nearly thirty feet in diameter. The bouider lay at the : top of the cut, and when dislodged would plunge an unbroken depth of forty feet into the bottom of the cut that . yawned beneath it A huge blast was prepared, and our little party scarcely breathed while it was being fired. The excitement was intense. , It was a grand sight to see this mam moth rock rolled, by the modern appli ances ot man, from its bed where con vulsion had placed it ' The train Hash, a tube of pitch-black shot up into the air which widened into a cloud almost instantly. The mountain shook, and with a life-like groan, the old rock lurched forward, and took a fearful leap. We were almost afraid to watch it strike the bottom of the cut below. With the sound of thunder it went crash ! Crash ! and thunder again, and mirabile dictu ! the enormous weight disappeared, and a bottomless pit was opened through the mountain, below ns. We hurried down to this new revelation as soon as we recovered from our great excitement. We found that the rock had crushed through the side of the mountain, and opened to our astonished gaze an immense cavern under the metalic base of Pilot Knob. We procured lights and were soon cautiously advancing into the avenue of wonders. We bad scarcely proceded one hundred yards in this mysterious sub terra-mundane hill, when we came tun into a grand - chamber. seeming studded over with stalagmatic statuary. A tew moments of vivid torchlight revealed to us what we shall never forget. In regular rows along both sides of this grand chamber, and on either side of an isle running through the centre of the farther wall, about thirty yards distant, were upright human forms, in a state ot preservation, and diciplmed regularity. The shackles of incredulity were rent assunder, and we felt yes, knew that we were in the midst of an antediluvian congregation. The state of feeling while thus surrounded in the chamber of the dead can neither be imagined nor described. We were transported back to the primeval ages, and stood among the speechless ancients whose abode of gloom and silence was calculated to inspire the deepest awe. The even and polished walls of this chamber were magnificently and strangely frescoed with the antique forms of every species known to animal organization. The forms, customs and general appearance of these .mummies, as well as numerous hieroglyphic characters were purely Egyptian. We have not space to comment more at length upon what must prove the centre of new theories. Iron County Mo.) . Register. Drunkenness and Crime. Mr. Haynes, warden of the Massa" chusetts State prison, in his valuable book, recently published, 6ays that during the eleven years that he has been connected with the institution, twenty- one persons have been imprisoned for killing their wives, two for killing their fathers, and one for killing his mother Of the twenty four, all but one were not only habitual drunkards, but actually drunk when they committed tho crime; and he always remarked that "these were not bad men, except when under , the influence of liquor ; and yet, justice can make no distinction, but holds him equally guilty who commits crime under such circumstances as the one who soberly and with intellect unclouded, "violates the law. .. . ' .
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