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So« Wosfe Paper/ It is yafuobfc to the War ttfortf Tfce Boy Scouts wiH coHcct your Scrap Papor .very Sat u ,day. BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NlCWHPjlPJfn /->» tantumrAOV i»t>.i >.„<„ . ..~ „„„ 1 <••• f f ^«^ THB DOMINANT NEWBPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLI-NO. GO Blylhevllle Dally Newi BlyihevIUe Herald BlyUicvlllo Courier Mississippi Valley Leader m/YTHBVIl,l,E, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, MAY 2!), I'M SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS. 3700 PLANES BLAST FORTRESS EUROPE 'ft* TOOAV'S WAH ANAI,ySIf» Practical End Of New Guinea Drive Closes By JAMES HARPER United Press Staff Writer General MacArthur has covered the first In]) In his return to Dataan. Leap-frogging 200 miles iilonu New Guinea's norlli const, he has broken his voyage to Ihe Philippines with ;i stop-o/r in (he Schoulcn group. American fighting men, now clearing thc Japs from Dutch-owned Blak island, are less than 000 miles Irmi Mindanao, southernmost of the Philippines. Threc-I'oltl Turimse In one landing MacArthur is accomplishing three purposes. First, he Is gaining air bast's and anchorages for thc next lap to the Philippines. Second, he is firing thc opening gun in a drive lo deprive the Japs of the rluli loot of thc Dutch East Indies. And, third, he is putting the finishing touches on his New Guinea campaign. As for Point No. 1. Tlic Schou- tens dominate giant Geclvink Bay, which takes a 150-inilc-dcep bile in Ihc New Guinea shore. Along the rim of the bay, whose mouth measures 300 miles across ,nre several anchorages, some 20 fathoms deep. Thus, the Allies will have ample shellcr for the invasion fleets which some day will set sail for the Philippines. Biak's three excellent landing fields aiso will supply thc air nt-m with bases from which to clear the way for that fleet. Has .Slnilcgic Advantage MacArthur may slop off at still (\noUicr- point on his way back to Bataan. At Biak, he stands only 550 miles • from Halmahora, which, in 'turn, is less than 400 miles from the Philippines. This island, somewhat larger than Connecticut, is Ihe former sllc of a Dutch naval base and is indented by Jour large harbors. Biak is only 520 miles from Palau, the westernmost of the Carolines. Both PalaV and Halmahern lie about far. better sea arid air base. As for Point No. 2. General MacArthur, by moving in at Biak, has shoved his bomber front to within .the one-thousand-mtle effective Striking range of many strongpojnts in the rich Dutch East Indies. The Indies—which are larger than Etig- <St\land, France, Austria, Germany and ™ Czechoslovakia combined—pump CO- milllon barrels of oil a.year. They also produce vast quantities of tin nnd rubber and 95 per cent of tho world's natural quinine. But, once tlie Schoutens arc conquered, thc vast centers of production in the Indies will feel tho sting of Allied lilanes. Blnk, for instance, is only COO miles from Amboina, one of the greatest oil-producers in the Indies. No Iiasy Victory As for Point No. 3. MacArthur himself said that thc Biafc landing "for strategic purposes marks the practical end of the New Guinea campaign.'^ All Japanese tlroug- jioinis remaining in tlie world's second largest island will fall under the shadow of Biak-based bombers. The Japs still have many bases there. For instance, almost unnoticed, the enemy lias maintained garrisons on the south side of Dutch New Guinea—garrisons now cut off from all supply or escape. Hut the Allies are in for tough fighting at Biak. The commander of (•)thc Seventh Amphibious Force, Rear Admiral Daniel Barby, recently warned that the period of easy victories in tlic Southwest Pacific ended at Hollandia. Thc Allies, for the first time, arc coming ivithfn range of such strong inner Japanese bases al Halinahera. Thc Schoutens, all 32 of them, nestle just under the equator. Tho two largest, Biak and Soepiori- divided by a narrow ribbon of water —compose nine-tenths of the Schou- tcns, which cover an area equal to half of nhodc Island. Tlie remainder of tlie islands are small, hilly and wooded. Thc Sclionlens were discovered ?21 years ago by a Dutchman, William Schoutcn, after he had rovmaed South America's Cape of Good Hope. They remained comparatively unknown until last week, when General MacArthur fitted them into thc pattern of history. 70 Army Fliers Killed SOUTH HADLEY, Mass.. May 29 (UP)—Ten Army fliers were killed when their plane crashed into Ml. Hoiyokc and exploded at midnight Saturday. The dead include Second Lieutenant Talliot M. Malcolm, Jr., of aBcnnctsvllle, S. C., and Corporal lKearne v D. Padgett of Gulfport, ^Miss. Malcolm was pilot of the B-24 bomber. Chicago Whear open high low close pr.cl, July . 161% 161^ 1GOS 161H 16H& Sept.. 160K 160« 15SH 159 S 160->» Chicago Rye open high low close pr.cl. July . inu my; now nos 111-5) Sept.. 110*1111 10971 11054' Injuries Prove Fatal To Pioneer Osceola Resident Lost Rites For Mrs. Word To Be Held Tomorrow OSCEOLA. May 29.—Injuries received In an auioniobllc accident yesterday afternoon proved falal lo Mis. Lee Nora Word, 70. a resident of Osccola for G7 years, who died less than four hours after the car 111 svlilch she was ridlnif was struck at an Intersection by another vehicle driven by Roger Vance, Ne- t'i'0. who was hold In Jail here today charged with manslaughter In connection with the accident.. Mother of ((ciircscnlative Mrs, Word died at 10:10 o'clock last night at llic home of a daughter, Mrs. Pics Huckaby. who was driver of the automobile in which Miss Allcnc Word, another dtiugli- tcr who Is state representative. was also riding. Mrs. Ifuckaby and Miss Word received slight head Injuries and Mrs. Word, who was riding alone in the back seat, received severe internal 'injuries. According to reports, the accident occurred about (1:30 p. m., as the Huckaby car was driving north on Pearl street. The machine driven by th c Negro was going cast, on Bard and rammed into thc Huckaby car at the intersection. The impact of the colllson threw the car occupied by the three women into the yard of Dr. W. J. Sheddan's residence. The elderly i>i man was carried into the doctor's home for emergency treatment anil later was removed to thc home of her daughter where she died.' Pinnccr Resident Born in Covlngton. Tenn.. Mrs. Word came to Osceola when Ihrcc- years-old. One of the pioneer citizens ol the town, she watched it grow from -a small lumber town lo a thriving county seat. She was the widow of the late-P. B. Word, Os- •ceola contractor who.died In 1928. ,;,Mrs Word leaves in ,.addi^oi\ ,to Mrs. IfHcfoiby nnd Miss Word'two other daughters, Mrs. W. N. Thomas-of . Osceoln, and Mrs. Glover Yatcs of Wilson, one sister, Mrs. J. B. Mills of Senath. Mo., and a brother, s. E. Davis of California. Funeral services will be held ^ at 10 o'clock tomorrow morning at Swift Funeral Home with the Rev E. T. Smith, pastor of the First Baptist Church, of which Mrs. Word was one of the oldest mem-, bms, officiating. He will he assisted by the Rev. L. T. Lawrence, pastor of the Presbyterian Church. Burial will be made at Enncn Cemetery. Active pallbearers will be C. A. Davis, Harold Ohlcndorf, J. C. Sptirlock. G. 73. Sesravcs, R. A. Cartwrighl, T. P. Florida. W. W. Pruitt and jess Cramer. Swift Funeral Home is in charge of arrangements. June Buchanan Leads Girls In Sale Of Poppies Complete success in the Spring poppy sale held here Saturday under sponsorship of thc American Legion Auxiliary, wns announced today by Mrs. Eddie Burks, who served av chairman of the local sale. Mrs. Eurks was assisted by Mrs. C. 5. Baggett, president of thc Auxiliary, anil by Mrs. Bryant Stewart. Hl|h school girls were vendors of tire bright red poppies, fashioned by the fingers of World War veterans who arc confined to the government hospital in Little nock, and the money raised from ll>c sale will go to rchabllilatlon work for the vet- cr,it« and for the relief of their families. June Buchanan, who sold J6C.74 worth of tlic poppies, Louella Barnes, who collected $4-1.48, and Martha Llnlzcnlch, who had $28.75, each wen; awarded prizes by thc Auxiliary Other girls who assisted in the sale were Dorothy Wright. Marccllc Humphrey, Betty Nell Holland, Belly Ionise Snider, Tina Carwylc, Jna Carwylc, Joan Campbell, Mary Jo Nabcrs and Rosana Cleveland. ; All tlie girls will soon be entertained by members of the Auxiliary at a theater party. Livestock ST. LOUIS NATIONAL STOCK- YARDS-(WFA) —Livestock: Hogs 31,200; salable 30,000; holdovers 2,000; lop 13.70; 180-270 Ibs. 13.70; HO-160 Ibs. 11-12.10; sows 10,15-11. Cattle 4,700; salable 3,500; calves 1,500; all salablcs; mixed yearlings $ heifers H.50-1S.25; cows 9.7511.50; canners and cutters 6.75-9.50; slaughter steers 11.75-17; slaughter heifers 10-16.25; stocker and feeder stcrs 9.15-14. N. 0. Cotton ' open high low close pr.cl. Mar. . 1973 1078 1973 1970 1973 May . 1953 1959 1953 1957 1952 JUly . 2093. 20% 2M3 2095 2095 Oct.;':.-i 2018,-,2022,.2018 2019 2018 'Dec.'', '1933 1039.,,19D5 1996 1995 Profits of the Italian Offensive Afifcdbombcis dinupl tail communication! between Germany ondGciman ornWci in Italy, forcing c'tomy lo use up icarco Iruckt and prccioui gat to lupplyond reinforce Iroopl on loiilhcin fronts. SWITZERLAND YUGOSLAVIA Gtcat Allied attack pins down 25 or more Nail dirlsfont which otherwise coulf} join antMnvaiion forcei in Europe or faoljfcr Rimian front. Continued Allied advance meant capture of new airfields from which fa bomb Gentians' Inland defenses and production centers. Souari SARDINIA , I Foil of Rome, unimportant militarily, OriitonoN • rneanl great psychological cflccr. on Pincers Closing On Jap Defenders Of Myitkyina Map above shows some of Ihe military ami political plums'lhat Allies aim lo erab as result ot groat -21 : ---- '" .'""-'.V-'.'!!'!'?'?. 1 .?."'-.":-. ... offensive in southern, Italy. ^ i,., .:,..„ .........A...*,..,,. Negro Youth Shot With 'Unloaded' Gun fur pie Heart To Be Awarded To Williams' DYESS, Ark., May 29—Mr. and Mrs. W. L. Williams of this community' will be presented with the Purpl c Heart medal at a Memorial Bay program which ,wiili be .held nere - tomorrow. af lernoon, '2--o'clock: Tlie incaal has .been" awarded posthumously to i.lieir son, Clyde Williams of the Navy, who lost his life In t!i c South Pacific, nnd will be presented by a Public Relations officer from Blythcville Army Air Field. Thc service also will dedicate Ihe honor roll board which contains the names of 250 men antl women of this community who now are serving their country In Ihe armed forces. Marcus Evrard of Blythcville will be the principal speaker of tbc af- lernoon, Jesse E. Clinlon ol Osceola will serve as Master of Ceremonies, and music will be furnished by thc 351st Army Air Forces band from Blyllievllle Army Air Field. Richard A. Speed Rites Held At Paragould Friday Funeral services for Richard Auric Speed, half-brother of Mrs. lone Gwyn of Hayti, Mo., were hclri Friday afternoon at Para- Bonld. Mr. speed, 39, died Thursday in a Jonesboro hospital. He also leaves his wife, a daughter, a son, his mother and a half- brother. JoeSalibaNamed Boys State Mayor Receives Honor At Elections Held Yesterday It's Mayor Joe Saliba now, with his election ycslerday as highest official of one of tiie four mythical cities at the American Legion's Fifth Annual Boys Stale in session this week at the Arkansas School for the Deaf in Little Rock. Thc ton of Dr. and Mrs. J. A. Saliba, the 16-year-old high school student is attending Boys State lor the first time. Also attending Boy's State from here Li Gordon Wcl- Fhons, son of Lieut. Col. and Mrs. Gordon Welshons. These youths are sponsored by the Ktwanls and Rotary clubs. Representing Armorel Is Perry Lee Adkl&son, son of Mr. and Mrs. Luby Artklsson, and L. D. Rials, son of Mr. and Mrs. Derwood Rials, both of whom arc sponsored by the Armorel PTA. A county caucus was held this irornlng to nominate candidates for' county judge, circuit clerk, sheriff and tax collector, lax assessor, county treasurer and county coroner, circuit Judge and prosecuting attorney. County Judge c. P. Newton will give Instrucllons on duties of'county officers. H. C. Graham, city clerk ol Little Rock, outlined duties of city officers before the city election. Approximately 180 members of Boys state attended tlie morning service at the First Presbyterian church. The Rev. R. D. Adam.?, pastor and department chaplain of tlic American Legion, spoke on "The Ideal Church." Arkansas Briefs HOT SI-KINGS—The liitli iirt- ritnil niim-nllim of tlic Dcpnrt- inciij of , Arkansas, Auxiliary Uniled Slmiisli W;ir Veterans, is to lie held at Hot-.Springs .Tune » anil !. Mrs. 1'ruiik Jenkins- .of Canulcn is ilcparlmcnl president. LITTLE UOCK— tiovcriicr Ad- kills has set July M as the <ui-'., edition dale of, Jim Tucker' n/j •Tiitric,- Ark. Tlincktr was eoh- victcrt . r in Crittcmlcn Circuit C'niirl nf llic first ilufirra munlcr nf'Esksir I'li.'.iersun, Critlcndcn county farmer. _ LITTLE UOCK—A mass nlrr-<- inir "f Arkansas Ncsro poll lax- payers will be held In I.HIIc Jloclt Friday. . President J. HI. Hiibinson of tlic Arkansas Negro Dcniocrallc Association snys they will rnccl lo make plans for voting In Democratic, primaries of Ihc slaic this summer. Unbinsnii .says commiltcenien will be named in instruct Nc- Krocs on qualifications required for primary volinp. Accidents Claim 96 Lives OYerPrc-HolidayWeckcnd TSy United I'rcss At least 90 persons met accidental death across the nation during the weekend in advance of Ihc year's first summer holiday, a Untied Press survey showed today. Bummer wealher drew out many motorists who had been saving gasoline for the Memorial Day hol- •iday, and 35 persons were killed In automobile Occident*. At least 27 persons drowned and 34 died In other accidents. New York led all states with 17 dead. Texas was next with 12 fatalities and Pennsylvania totaled 11. At St. Louis, 18 persons were in hospitals after n 21-year-old Negro garage attendant ran a car through a safely zone. Of Ihc 18 at least five were Injured seriously. Thc attendant. Wnvcry Smith, had lakcn a car from the garage wltli- oiil permission. A .single lorpcilo Is composed of 5000 parts and more than 1000 assemblies. A 10-ycnr-old Negro boy narrowly missed death yesterday when Ills- companion iilnyfiilly polntm an "unloaded 1 ' .22.rifle at him tun pullctl'the 'tr/gcr, 'Hie .bullet..entered tbc buy's stomach a few'inches below Hie heart. Thc j'onlh. Sninnel Clntrntl, in Ulylhcvlllc Hospital loday when, his condition l.s dcwoi'ital 1>y hospital iitlciidantK as Improved. lib condition was serious last night before Ihc removal of the bullet which had lodged in the 'left side of his stomach, below the slior rlbs. ' His playmate, 14-ycnr-o)d Jnnic.s Henry Jones, said that lie did not know the gun, which tho two youths had been shooting, was loaded when he fired at tlic boy No charges were made ayatnst Hit 'Negro hoy. Thc near tragedy Drained nlwnl ft o'clock yesterday afternoon Ir Pride Sub Division where the twr hoys live, There were three wit- nefso.s It) (he shading, according to officers. City policemen Clifford Walklus O. E. Nicholson and Deputy Sheriff Kvm Haley were Investigating officers. New York Stocks AT&T ICO ft-n Amcr Tobacco fi5 3- Anaconda Copper 2ft 7-1 Belli Slccl r>7 3- Chrysler R(i 1- Coca Cola nf> 1-2 Gen Electric 3(i 1-J Gen Motors SO 7-t Montgomery Ward 45 N Y Central 17 3- Int Harvester 74 North Am Aviation 73- Republic Steel 10 f>-8 Radio n 3-1 Socony Vacuum 13 7-1 Slmlebaker 105-8 Standard of N J 50 I -2 Texas Corp -IS 3-1 Packard -1 1-f U S Steel 51 1-2 Ask Parents Of Service Men To Request Absentee Ballots So that absent servicemen will be given an opportunity to cast their voles in this summer's primary, a house-to-house canvas is In progress ill North Mississippi County In order for families lo Itll out requests for ballots to be sent lo members in thc service. Last week 1000 families were contacted, with 676 applications lor absentee votes filed. Nfore than 10.000 families of servicemen In Norlli Mississippi county are yet lo be visited, with the campaign scheduled to be concluded by thc end of this week so that the ballots may be mailed to servicemen, both in the states and overseas, in time f<> r Ihe men to fill out Ihe ballots and return Ihem by July K. Tlie house-to-house canvas, a statewide plan instigated at tlie suggestion of Governor Adkins to solve the problem of soldier votes, Is conducted here under the direction of Ed. Rice, district supervisor of the Revenue Department, who also is directing similar campaigns in Clay and Randolph Coun- Monsoon. Rains Slow Drive Of Chinese Forces Late Bulletins AMJIKHS, Alay 2» (I)J') — The I'Yco l<'rriirh News' ervlco nrrii'liilly donlrs- tluit <icner;il-! Do (inulli- will ask fur Amcrl- (Mii |i,uilri'|i,ill(in in hfs lu-iiilliiK tallis with rrlmc Minister <;luiri'liill, The rc|inrt also ilculrd tliat Di'Oiiullc's dc|iarliirr frnm 1/m- ilon bus been delayed. It was liuhikd mil Unit su (mi, Ihe ilitlc for llic I'tinfcrc'iiro has nol been si-l, ties. Mr. lilcc is assisted by per sonncl of thc local revenue olllcc the Fish and Game Commteioi and members of (he Highway Commission. Because of thc limited number of workers available for this la.sk, Mr. Rice urged that the families of servicemen desiring to vole who have not yet been contacted, go to the revenue office In the City Hall and fill out applications, which will be turned over, to the County Court Clerk T. W. Potter. This will greatly expedite the tremendous job of obtaining all the requests for ballots for servicemen, Mr. Rice said, Tlie short time and the limited workers makes It imperative that the families help speed up thc filing of applications. Servicemen overseas will not be able lo vote In the August, election becaus c thc short time betwccji thc July,and August primaries makes it impossible for ballots mailed to thc men to be returned In time, Mr. Rice stated. By Hulled I'rc'ss A iii'iv Alilnl brraklliroiiKh In liurnm Ls believed lo hiivc rlosi'd lna-i's «n (he .Japanese barrl- cudpd In lli« center of Myltkyinn. A communique from soulheust Asia hctidciuarlcrs says chlne.se nntl ioriniu • Irooixs stormed the nnrthiirn llnnna city from I lie utli-iicnllni; off Iho enemy's lust Hiral osciipo route. Iti'llof ('nltiinn ' TJicre Is ntt now report on the week-end street Imtllu Inside Myllkylnn where Cleucral Mqrrlll'.<i niaraudeis alrendy had a firm loolh'old In the northern anil western sections. lint 'Other Allied columns worn reported pii.shlnu the cnrmy buck lnl.-> llic Jnn^lc.s on Ihn iwiih auil west, nnd on tlic east bunk cif (lie Irmwiiddy river. Tile communlr|ue uor.s otV to one Japanese relict column movlnu up from the southwest was am bushed by tile Allies, There was a bitter Imttlc whk'h cost the enemy hcju'lly, lladlii Tokyo inlfiht Imvo hccn tiilkliiK "bout . this column wlmn It told of huge reinforcements: he Ing rushed flv>m Mandnlay to thc Jap Harrison at Mllkylna. There tilso arc new ualns lo re- Dort In the Mognunit Valley— some •1(1 miles west of Mltkylna. According lo ihc i:o)nnmi)li|W! Chlui^sc troops In the Viilley iidvnnccd to within 10 mlto of enemy-held Kanialn^. However lirlllsli Clilndlls, operating southwest of MotiHUUK, had to withdraw from a road block po-sHlon aftc five ilnyji of furious Chinese line Oil the cast Iiulln froiH. Drills! imperial .troops are suld to hnvi (jniiicd their Initial objectives !i tin attack on a ridge Unco mllei south of Kolilmu. TJiry also an credited with repulsing Jap as .saull.s on an unuained Naga 1111 vlllnge north of Kohlma. And the Jinmnese apparently luu no better luck when they tried lo counter attack south of imphal Tokyo brondciDitA say , the Jnp. Klnrted an offensive In this area nnd captured many British stront points. But the Allied commnnl (Hie says all Ihe enemy attacks were beaten off. Prom Chungklns comes a reporl that China's Hunna-bouiul offensive l.s bucking thc stlffcst Jap re slslance nicl In Ihc (hrec-wcck-oli drive. In fact, a communique claims (hat between thc inoti.soon raln.s and strong enemy opposition, the drive west of the Salwcen river I slowed nlmreil lo a standstill. Chinese untk arc reported fnll Ing back at come iwliils along lln 100-mile front. J^rdirts I'lillipplnc Inva.slnn Acrow the Pacific, General MacArthur's Ironlw arc reported advancing on Mokmcr nlrfleld— their prime objective on newly tnvadcc ulak Island.-; 'Hie Yanks, at last report, were only two and a half miles fron the airstrip, one of three on thc Island BOO miles from tho PlilMp pines. The Hlnk landing, which market « 200 mile Jump from the Dulcl New Guinea coast, probably Inspired a hint from Auslralla's acting prime minister that the Alllej soon may Invade the Philippines. Francis Fordo told a Sydney aucljcncc today lhat he hopc( General MacArthur would, before mnuy more months, go back lo tlic Philippines with a bang am! tlicn go on to I'^ormosa and Japan Seek To identify Body Of Woman Found In Lake DURHAM, N. C.. Nfay 29 (U.P.) —Durham police have requester noonvlllo, Mo., authorities to al- Icmpt lo find fingerprints of Mrs E. M. Jewclt whose body they be- Ilcve was that recovered froti Eastwood Lake Saturday. , Fingerprints found by MIssour police would be compared wltl those ol thc ballcrcd and parllal ly decomposed corpse, found tied lo cinder blocks on the lake tool, torn. Mrs. Jewell was last seen a llic hold on the night of May 9 A circuit court order for an autopsy probably will be secure* today. Police said earlier examlna lion ol the body revealed 14 slab wounds In the back. Trial nf the woman's grandson Edward j. Martin, of Charlotte who has been Indicted on B chargi of first degree murder will be held in Durham unless affidavits nr< secured showing the crime wa. committed In Missouri. Weather ARKANSAS—Considerable cloudi ness Monday and Tuesday. Scatter Kl thundershbwers, May <)1)1T(), Ifciwulor, IIJI'I— 1(\ ufflcl.illy i lli.it a Milivcisivc imivcmrnl bnihc mil In <luayiii|ull early today and iniiiirniiis pcrsmis «cri' killed or utiumlcd In slitel MOSCOW, May 2!) (Ul>) A im-mbcr of' Miuuhal Tilo's VURiislar iiilllliiry mission lo nlcsrow — Lieutenant General Miilnvan onus —sitfs YuKwIav Iiarllsaiis bavo klllnl Mime, 300,000 A.vls (iiilillcrs. Hn rsllnnilfs about nw. third »'«ro flcrm.ins uml Kalians, anil til,, rcnmliiilcr forces of inlrlllti> Millions. (lllns aitils Ilial the cust of 'y'l'IT ti|> (iOO.OOO Axis troops «n tlin Yugoslav front lias IIITII some 100,000 partisan casunlllcs Rocket Guns Now On U.S. Planes Kimmcl, Goat Of Pearl Harbor, Asks Early Trial D.V lliilt«l 1'ress Three mlllliiry developments leuil tadiiy's home front news picture. 'Hit; Wnr Ucpurttncnl tiuys live lyiws of our fighter plimcs' now an using rocket Bims In chirm, Ilurinn, incllii mid the Puclllc. The rncka'.i hnvc been nscil (successfully nttalml hrlclges, iiintminltlon tlnmm, mil lines uml lrooi> coiicentrulloiu. 'I'l.. niilitcr |>llol.s shoot tlielr metals from iKiicntlirlliBlr wings. The Wi Ucimi'tmcnt explains thut tlicro »o recoil from the shells—the pressure from the expanding gnsc.f Is ntaorhcd liy the shell: Tho iiKency Ulcnlllles tho UK:ket-nun-enul|)|icd llulilcr plnnch us thc P-IO Wurlinwk, the P-3D Alr- cnliru, yic P-31) LlglUnliiR, tlic P-17 Thuiulcrlrolt nnd the l'-5l M tiing, Hecks AIcrKcr The second mllllnry de^clopincnt concerns tlic proposal to mcrtfo the iiiillon:;' nrmcd forces. The, pltir drew slmrp crUlclmn toclny fr u m ncprcKcnlnllve Woodrnm of Vlr- Klnln, tlic elmlrinnn of n spcclnl House poslwnr mlllliiry policy mm- nilttec. Woodrnm said any Army inirl Nnvy rcorr>ni]l/nllun now would divert the military high conmuuul from winning Ihe war imd mlijht result In vvliiit hn cnllcd "u .vluleiit controversy within our mined services." Mennwhllc, retired Rear Admtrnl Klmmel, who wns In cominnnd nt Pcnrl Hiulxir when thc Jnps nnutc lliclr sneak nttuek, sold he wnntcd n Irlul by court iimrtlnl al Hie curliest prncllcnWc ilnlc. Titrnlng to non-mllUnry matters, Ihc Wnr Food Admlnlstrnllon !in- nounces Dint nboul 900 farm workers will be Imported from Dnrlwilos iu Hie Brltfsli West Indies. They'll be used In the Midwest to brim; In the years crops. Kmlorsc.1 V.'It. R. On thc pnlltlrnl front — imulher prominent union official lodny cnmn out for R (mirth term for President Roosevelt. He Is' President Dnvld Uuhlnsky ol thc A. F. o( L. Inlcrna- tlonal Ladles Garment Workers Union. Spciiklni! In Boston, Dubliisky prnlscd thc New Dcnl ns n progressive n:\lloiinl nrtminlstratlon, acld- liiir, "I'ratiklln Delnno Roosevelt must nnd will IK re-clcclcd." Bui California Governor Warren says lhat neither local government nor industry can blue print iwst- war plnns until they know the cxlcnt lo which tlic government will stay In private business after thc wav. Governor Warren, In an address telorc tlic 3Mh nnnmil governors' Conference In Hcrshcy, Pa., declared: "Unlil lhat question Is nn- swcrcd, no oi\c connected with these Industries—workers or managc'incut of thc communities and stntcj in which they arc located—will be tree agents, economically, socially or po- Nazis Retaliate With Sharp Raid On English Coast; Land Armies In Italy Within 16 • • Miles Of Rome Ily United 1-ress Two Allied armies mounted i\ new threat lo Rome loday as UT ° Allied nlr fleets hammered Europa ' wltli near-record blows Twin American nlr armadas, 'td- tallng perhaps 3700 planes, slrucic from n rl tain anil Italy at eight Na/.l aircraft factories and two airdromes. Tlie targets were scattered through caslcrn Germany, Poland and Austria. , Prom Ilrilaln, a fleet of 1000 \ bombers and abo'ut 1200 fighters Hew 1300 miles Into Europe t.? hit six factories In a half-moon arc. around Berlin: Four of the factories were In Qcnnniiy and two In Po- Innd. ' , Usual Nail Claims '• Tlie German radio .claimed 45 V', S. liombcrs nnd five fighters liad been shot down over northern Qei'- nmn.v In violent ,nlr battles BU& tin: first tighter pilots to< return mild tho acnnnns dWiri seriously try In"Interfere-with the bomber fleet they were protecting, '• Other. Alllccf fleets also sped out Iroin Britain;'About 400 American Maiinrilei- and Havoc medium bombers—the biggest force of its kind ever mobilized — attacked, bridges and an airfield In France" nnd Belgium.' Mitchells, Boston-; and rrjckul-rirliig' Typhoons also were out over Franco today. 'i As the British bnsecl fleets, sped (ml, somo\-150- American . heavy bombers shcplienlcil by a conipai- nble rmmbnr of lighters, sped out from Italy, to . hit two airdromes and two aircraft, plants In thc Welnei- Ncustaill^arcii of Austria The' raiders ran' 'into heavy antiaircraft lire and large numbers of i Oormnii/interceptors Hut lasses ' 'huyt;'not ;yijt\-beeu u rovealcd- At, the same (Ime, another focce of .Italy-based , American heavy bomhcrfl crossed the Adriatic to hammer German troops, opposing Mnrshnl Tilo's partisans' In litically.' Back in Congress, Republican Representative Harness of Indiana wanUs a congressional Investigation of the Maritime Commission and the Wnr Shipping Administration. Harness accused the two bureaus of "the most slmmefu! disregard for human safety at sea by fatting to make use of a new type non-inflammable steel life raft. He s,nld the new life-rait was neglected because its use would harm tho business of makers of wood and rubter raits. New York Cotton home 16 Mlki Away All told/iAillcd plane 1 ; from Brlt^ lain and Italy are "estimated — ,t.j huve flown some .0000 sorties .50 far today. Germany struck ' back early today with a short attack on n famous ; English seaside resort. At least Ihrco persons, prob- iibly more,/ killed. Mar. May July Oct. Dec, open high low close pr.cl. 1973 1876 1992 1957 2080 2031 . 2018 2022 1916 1969 1956 1943 2084 2030' 2018 ; '2020 '2016 1971 1952 2080 Allied land - armies also havS .scored new successes in Italy American troops have pushed to within 1(S miles of Rome In a new (Irlvo thrcateiiliii? lo turn' the enemy's •defense line in the Albari Hills, tho last one before' Rome. In. the closest approach to the Italian capital, yet, American Fifth Army troops have moved to \ylthin n mile of Campoleorie.i'just below thc Alhan Hills, This force is only seven miles southwest of .the YVp- paln Way stronghold at- Vollclrl. '" At thc same time an American column 15 miles to the north Is about a mile from Vnlmontone. Already. this column has lobbed shells Into the Via Casillna which passes through Valmontone and Is the only adequate escape route for German lorces on the Eighth Army /rout to Ihe southeast.' '" • Ti'oops In the hills .overlooking Valmonlone can see Rome in tile distance. ; • • • Eye Witness Account' ' ' But the Germans arc putting up n stiff last-ditch fight. They have rushed elements of two divisions from 'their forces north of Rome. And they now are counter-! attacking .with tanks and flam- throwers to keep the Allies from turning their flank In the Alban Hills. So far, every one of those 'attacks has been thrown back with heavy losses. So far since thc Allied offensive In Italy started; the Germans haye seen three of tttelr divisions virtually destroyed and 15,000 of their men fall into 'Allied hands as prisoners. Still they're . fighting hard. . United Press War Correspondent Robert Vermillion, now with the Fifth Army at Artena in an eye- 1 witness dispatch has given us an Idea of the bitterness of Germany's defense. Both sides, he says, are slugging with their big guns until one gives way. And both sides are sacrificing "men freely to gain objectives." The Germans ' are even resorting to planting suicide detachments of snipers. They pop up in .territory American troops have supposedly cleared and cause plenty of trouble until a tank is brought up "to smash them,/ . • • . .= Venntllton talked with troops that had looked across thc Cairir pagna plain and had seen the dim shape of the eternal city looming through the rmsls. "> Sergeant Gleen Lee, 'of Berkeley, Calif., told Vermilllon! "I'd like to. see It myself— but from the lu- out." :• .