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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOPTHEABT MISSOURI VOL. LI—NO. 267 BlytheviUe Courier Blytheville Daily Newt Mississippi V»lley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1956 FOURTEEN PAGES Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENT8 Cotton Bill Hearing Underway USDA Officials To Tell Views On Surplus WASHINGTON (AP) —-Agriculture Department officials today give the administration's view of legislation aimed at solving the surplus and import problems confronting the cotton industry. Earl L. Butz, assistant secretary of agriculture, headed a list of department officials called before a House Agriculture-subcommittee. The committee is studying a bill by Chairman Gainings D-Ark) and Rep. Abernethy (D-Miss) which would: 1) direct the secretary of agriculture to sell surplus U. S. cotton on the world market at competitive prices, 2) impose import quotas on cotton textiles and, 3) provide minimum cotton acreage quotas for small cotton growers. Textile Industry, Too This linking of producer-manufacturer Interests has drawn support for the bill from both cotton gorwers and textile manufacturers. There were indications that Butz might be questioned closely as to why more surplus U. S. cotton hasnt, been sold in world markets at competitive prices. The question was discussed by several witnesses yesterday. Arthur M. Klurfield of New York, executive director for the Textile Fabrics Assn., told the committee his group has been unable to get any administrative relief from a mounting influx of cheap Japanese cotton imports. feood Neighbor Policy Klurfield said Ihe industry has been told it could seek relief under the escape clause of the tariff act but that it runs into opposition from the State Department which "will allow us no import quota because that would breach the good neighbor policy. W. Ray Bell, president of the Association of Cotton Textile Merchants, New York, said, "We have been given the brush by the State Department and asked whether this country should permit "the rice bowl economy of the East to undermine the economy of our entire cotton industry. The Gathings-Abernethy bill would set import quotas of cotton textiles at 150 per cent of the average for ihe years 1953-54. Bell said he thought this would establish a fair base. Harvey Adams of West Memphis, Ark., testified that the facts as presented by economists and maret- ing specialists "clearly indicate that not only cotton producers but the entire industry are now at the fork of the road and the direction they take from here may well decide their survival or extinction. Blood Test Absolves Negro Driver ; CARUTHERSVILLE—A blood test has proved Willie Lucky Bragg City Negro, not guilty of manslaughter, according to Prosecuting Attorney James Vickrey. A manslaughter charge against Lucky will be reduced to careless and reckless driving, which carries a maximum penalty of $100 fine, plus costs, and a year in the county jail, Vickrey said. The blood test showed that although Lucky 'had been drinking, he was not drunk at the time his car skidded into the path of a transport truck, causing the instant death of two of the car passengers Jan. 28, the prosecutor said. Vickrey said that because Lucky wasn't drunk it would be difficult to place criminal responsibility for the deaths on him. ASSIGNED IIKRE—Harvey Johnston has been assigned ns new Personal Affairs Officer at Blythe.vllle Air Force Base. Johnston, who recently held the same post at Ardmorc (Okla.) Air Force Base, has been associated with the Ninth Air Force since ltd. A native of Blpley, Tenn., he served as secretary to den. Maxwell Tayloj', commander of the v 82nd Airborne Division during World War II. Meetings Are Banned In Algiers Mollet Starts 'Peace Search In Colony ' FARM BUREAU HEADS MEET — Harold OhlendorJ (left), Arkansas Farm Bureau president from Little Rock, is pictured with County Farm Bureau President Earl Wildy as they talked last night at a kick-off meeting for the 1956 FB membership campaign, some 84 workers were entertained by Charles, Nick and Richard Rose, who were hosts to a barbecue supper at Roseland. County goal for this year is 4,000, or an increase of nearly 400 over last year. By PRESTON GBOVER ALGIERS (AP) — The local governor banned all public gatherings in Algiers today as Premier Guy Mollet began talks with indignant French colonists opposing concessions to Moslem Nationalists. Starting his search for peace in France's guerrilla-torn North African territory, Mollet first received representatives of war veteran groups. Their rioting on his •rival yesterday made clear they long-awaited physical the bloody 15-month-old re- - - • - U. S. to Respect Soviets Balloon Request: Dulles Ikes Long - Awaited Physical Check~Bue~ A Week from Today By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH Gentry to Take Southland Ruling To Supreme Court LITTLE ROCK (AP) — The Arkansas Racing Commission will carry to the state Supreme Court its rejection of a permit for Southland Racing Corp., Atty. Gen. Tom Gentry said here today. Gentry said he had notified Chan- mission. cellor W. Leon Smith that he would not enter a further plea In South- lands suit against the Racing Com- BHA Opens 52 New Rental Housing Units Opening of 52 new dwelling units for rent in Chickasawba courts has been announced by Blytheville Housing Authority. J. Mell Brooks said 18 families have been approved as renters and that a number of applications are being processed. Completion of the unite ends construction at this time, Brooks said.. The authority has 208 rental units in all. 76 for Negroes at Cherokee Courts and 132 for white families at Chickasawba Courts. Brooks said Air Force families may make application for occupancy if they have minimum incomes as provided by authority regulations. Red Cross Names A. C. Owens A. C. Owens has been named outlying community chairman for the Chickasawba District Chapter Red Cross drive. Announcement of his appointment was made by Harvey Morris, general fund chairman. Owens is supervisor of malarial control and surplus commodities ill the county and is an active member of Little River Baptist Church. In Municipal Court Tony Bratton pleaded guilty in Municipal Court to petty larceny in the theft of a truck radiator today Previously he had pleaded not guilty, but changed the plea. He was fined $50 and sentenced to 20 days in jail. Fifteen days served while awaiting trial was credited to his sentence. .It was Bratton's second theft offense in recent weeks. Southland, turned down by the Racing Commission in December when it applied for a permit to race greyhounds at West Memphis, Ark., filed suit in an effort to overturn the commissions decision. After a one-day hearing Marion, Chancellor Smith ruled Iharihe Racing Commission overstepped its authority when it rejected Southlands application only because it felt dog racing wasn't "in the best interest of Arkansas." Chancellor Smith said the Racing Commission didn't have authority to turn down the application for such a reason. On IJemurrer The hearing at Marion Jan. 10 was held on a demurrer filed by Gentry. He contended that the Racing Commission had discretionary power to reject a racing franchise, without regard to whether the applicant met moral and financial requirements set down by law. In his decision. Chancellor Smith said that such discretionary power belonged to the Legislature, and the Racing commission exceeded its authority in assuming the power. As required by law. Southland constructed its track before applying for a franchise. The day after the Racing Commission visited the track, however, 10 of the 11 mem hers were asked to resign by Gov. Orval Paubus. Five of them eventually got their jobs back, however, and the new commission turned down Southlands application. Went to Court Southland then went to com;;. SSuTHlands bid for a franchise bubbled into a controversy almost at the statt of plans to establish the track. Gov. Paubus said he wouldn't permit the Racing Commission to Issue a franchise to Southland unless voters in the area approved of the track. Two attempts to hold an election bogged down. Church leaders have opposed the track and the Arkansas Baptisl State Convention has talked of sponsoring a move to outla'w all pari mutuel betting in Arkansas Such a move, if successful, would make racing financially unfeasible. Airliner Accident NEW YORK W>—A National Airline DCS nosed over last night at Idlewild Airport after a nose wheel collapsed. One passenger was hurl slightly. Among those on board was Bishop Pulton J. Sheen. AFBF Head Declares: No Farm Program Has Helped the Farmers SPRINGFIELD, 111. (#)—Np government farm program ever really helped farmers, says Charles B. Shulman, president of the American Farm Bureau Federation. "The American farmer is failing to share the nationwide prosperity primarily because of unwise government programs which we asked for and now 'can't, get rid of," Schuman said last night. Schuman, whose organization claims to be the nation's biggest farm group, shld he is not condemning cither Detnlcrntlc or Republican administrations "since prices have declined by X per cent while costs went up 29 per cent in the past five years-during administrations of both parties." In a speech at a Rotary Club farm night, banquet, Shuman wnrnec farmers not to rely on government supports. "Don't let anyone tell you any government farm program has helped faYmers because none o! 'them have," Shuman said . . . "we have been looking to the great white father In Washington instead of to the housewife at the corner grocery to set our prices and Incomes We nwd to reset our sights." want bellion put down sternly and no relaxation of French dominance in the area. Already the colonists had handed the Socialist premier a stinging defeat. Their violent demonstration forced him within two hours of his arrival to accept the resignation of Gen. Georges Catroux from the ipecial Cabinet post Mollet created a week ago for Algeria: Catroux, due here Friday to take up' his post, was the demonstrators chief target. Ask Reorganization • The veterans, through a "committee of public safety they formed, called for reorganization of the French army along guerrilla lines. They demanded that France use all means to stop alleged Egyptian and Libyan aid of the Nationalist rebels, that French sovereignty be maintained in Al- giera and that Mollet drop any idea of a single representative Algerian Assembly in which the eight million Moslems would • outvote the countrys million Europeans. , Such an assembly was a key point In the ideas ior Algerian peace advanced by Mollet during the recent French election campaign. 30 Injured At least 30 persons were injured in yesterdays • riots. Algiers j was quiet today but a demonstration b'y 5,000 persons was reported at Constantine, about 200 miles to^.the east. . •.- - "*' Veterans said after their talk with the Premie'r that he had assured them France would never abnadon Algeria and that the French army would take the offensive if necessary to end terrorism. Mollet made on comment. One Arab representative said he had told the Premier the Algerian insurrection is not just a rebellion but a "real revolution of the people. Thousands of angry colonists hurled rotten fruit and stones in wild demonstration when Mollet arrived. More than a score of persons were injured. The Premier was booed and hissed as he drove through the streets. A wreath he placed on the monument to the countrys war dead was trampled and torn to bits. Accepted Resignation Troops and police wielded clubs and .carbines and fired tear gas See MOLLET on Page 14 WASHINGTON (AP) — Four doctors will complete a .,.. 0 '-awailed physical examination of President Eisenhower a week from today. On the outcome could hinge his decision whether to seek re-election. But He Defends of Free— Use Anywhere WASHINGTON (AP) — Secretary of State Dulles said the United States would be disposed to respect the protests of countries which — like Russia — have objected to flights by American weather balloons over their territory. At the same lime, however, This will be 'the first medical sizeup of the full-scale * President since mid-December. It will come more than 4',4 months after his heart attack last Sept. 24. In announcing late yesterday that the physicians will conclude concultations Feb. 14. the White House said their findings may be made public the same day; cer^ tainly the next morning. Preliminary tests may start late this week. The doctors expect the study to show how Eisenhower has borne up since returning Jan. 9 to what he termed "the full duty of the presidency. To Go to Georgia James C. Hagerty, White House press secretary, said in response to newsmens questions that he had no information on: 1. Whether Ihe President might announce a second-term decision before the new physical is completed. 2. How soon after the examina- lion—if the President waits until then—there would be disclosure of his political plans. Shortly alter the physical examination is over, although not necessarily the same day, the President will travel to Thomasville, C5a., where he will be a guest at the estate of Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey for several days. Four Physicians The President will be examined by four physicians who have been or. the case since he was stricken in Denver. They are: Maj. Gen. Howard M. Snyder, the White House doctor; Dr. Paul Dudley White, Boston heart spe- See IKE on Page 14 What Will Happen If Ike Doesn't Run? With the date for President Eisenhower's second term decision rapidly drawing near, the nation finds itself in a situation without precedent in its history. What effect will his decision have on the nation? On its economy? On its position in world affairs? Relman Morin, a Puliti- .zer Prize winning writer attempts to answer some of these questions in a four-part series of articles beginning today in the Courier News on Page 5. Stevenson Clarifies Segregation Stand By BILL BECKER LOS ANGELES (AP) — Adlai Stevenson, winding up a whirlwind week of early campaigning in California, clarified his stand on civil rights and prepared to meet today with southern California labor leaders. "There are no half caste Amer- —— icans in my lexicon," Stevenson told a Democratic party group last night. Earlier, during an eight-appearance swing through Los Angeles County, the candidate for the Democrate presidential nomination emphasized that he supports desegregation in Southern schools—because "it is the law of the land— so enunciated by the Supreme Court. Stevenson also pointed to his sponsorsmp or tair employment practices acts and desegregation of the Illinois National Guard while he was governor. May Cost Him Voles Stevensons remarks on civil rights undoubtedly were prompted by published reports hinting his views on the Powell amendment to the proposed federal school aid bill might cost him votes in his prl- mary contest battles with Sen. Esles Kefnuver of Tennessee in California and Minnesota, although not In Florida. In a news conference. Stevenson said he opposed Die amendment, which seeks to make desegration essential before a school district can receive federal aid. mainly because "the .administration of schools Is a local matter." While the amendments objective "seems entirely plausible and proper, Stevenson said, he felt It endangered the progrnm. "The Important thing Is education, he said. "Obsolete heritages like discrimination nnd segregation will yield quickest of all to the spread of education, , Funds Lacking Controversial Gas Bill Goes To President By MARION BURSON WASHINGTON (AP) — A bill to free .natural gas producers from direct federal price controls was passed by the Senate last night 53-38 and sent to President JSisenhower. Bribe Probe Ordered WASHINGTON I/PI — The Senate today ordered an Investigation of whether a proffered $2,500 campaign donation to Sen. Francis Case K-SD) was an effort to influence his vote on the natural gas bill. The Senate adopted a resolution by Democratic leader Lyndon B. Jchnson Tex) to create a four- member committee to inquire into the incident. The vote was 90-0 with Case voting in the affirmative. The committee Is to include two Republicans and two Democrats, appointed by Vice President Nixon. It was Instructed to report to the Senate by March 1. Subpoena Powers- r The committee was given subpoena powers and $10,000 to finance the investigation. Johnson told the Senate he does not want it said senators are "hesitant or afraid to look thoroughly Into such matters. There was no further debate as Johnson moved for an immediate roll call. At the same time, there was the possibility of a broader inquiry by the Senate Elections subcommittee, headed by Sen. Hennings D-Mo). "No Strings Attached" Hennings said his subcommittee, meeting today, might decide to go immediately into Cases disclosure that he had been offered a $2,500 campaign donation from John M. Neff, an attorney from Lexington, Neb. Neff declared there were "no strings attached to his offer. He said he resented the senators implication that the money was designed to Influence his -vote in favor of a bill to free natural gas producers from direct federal price controls. Neff said he favors the bill, which the Senate passed last night COLUMBUS, Ohio (fl — Johnny i 63 . 38 and sent to president Elsen- Becker, 12, of Montgomery, set outjhower. Case voted against the hill, for California with 8 cents in his pocket. He didn't quite make it. The boy had only 3 cents left — having bought a candy bar en route — when an unidentified motorist notified Columbus police of his intentions. He was returned to his parents. * Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS—Pair and warmer this afternoon, increasing .cloudiness and warmer tonight. Wednesday mostly cloudy and mild. High this afternoon, near 50; low tonight, low to mid 30s. MISSOURI — Pair east and increasing cloudiness west this af- 'ternoon and over stale tonight; a little warmer northeast this afternoon; Wednesday cloudy with showers southwest and extreme west by evening; low tonight 20s southeast to 30-35 northwest: high Wednesday generally in the 40s. Minimum tnls morning—20. Mnlxmum yesterdny— 42. Sunrise tomorrow—6:53. Sunset today—5:35. Mean temperature— 35.5. Precipitation 48 hours (7 a.m. to 7 n.m.)—.08. Precipitation Jan. 1 to date— 8.87. Thli Date l.a,t «Y«r Maximum yesterday—53. Minimum thla morning—31. Precipitation Ja0, 1 to date—3-37. Case read to the Senate yesterday Neffs telegram of explanation and said he never has contended that any "bribe was intended. Case has said he asked that the money be returned to the original contributors or given to a charity organization. Neff declined to discuss whether others may be involved In donating the money. Declining to say whom he represents, he said. "Until I get permission from my client, I dont want to say." N'ol Improper Senators Curtis and Hruska, Nebraska Republicans, said Nelf had urged them to vote for the gas bill but not in any improper way. At Lincoln, records showed Neff was registered during the 1955 session of the Nebraska Legislature as a.lobbyist foi the Superior Oil Co. of Austin, Tex. Johnson told newsmen he and See BRIBE on Page 14 Antarctic Oasis LONDON W—Moscow radio says Soviet scientists have explored a strange antarctic oasis covering about 200 square miles. The midday temperature there rises to 77 degrees and there is primitive plant life, the broadcast said, adding: "A high degree of solar radiation and the heat of the rocks makes the snow melt early In the spring." No, „ further explanation was given. | thigh. Both backers and opponents, in the three weeks of Senate debate which preceded the vote, predicted Eisenhower would sign the bill Into law. Opponents ^aid that would bring 'a sharp rise In householders gas bills. The bills chief Senate sponsors, conceding there might be some slight increase, said the long- term effect would be beneficial. They argued that removal of federal regulation would stimulate exploration and thus result in. a more adequate supply of gas. Defeated efforts to change All efforts to change the bill were beaten down by margins similar to that on final passage. The Senate then accepted a version which the House had approved 209-203 last year in place of the one drafted by its own Commerce Committee. That action bypassed anoliiei test in the closely divided House. On the final Senate test, 31 Re publicans and 22 Democrats voted for the bill. Opposing it were 14 Republicans and 24 Democrats The vote came at the end of a 10'/2-hour Senate session. A" disclosure by Sen. Francis Case R-SD) that he had rejectee a preferred $2,500 campaign contribution, which he said seemed to be intended to sway him for the bill, apparently had little effect on the final tally. Case, as he had said he would do, voted against the bill. John M. Neff of Lexington, Neb., insisted there were "no stringp attached to his offer ol the money to Case. Probe Asked WUh Ihe bill itself out of the way. Senate leaders arranged to press today fo r a bipartisan vestigation into circumstances of the incident. The closeness of the vote in both branches of Congress indicated that proponents probably could not muster the two-thirds majority which would be required to enact the bill over a presidential veto- but such a veto is not considered likely. Rep. Harris D-Ark) and Sen Fulbright D-Ark), the sponsors, predicted Eisenhower will ign the bill. Proponents contended that "burdensome regulation of natural gas prices by the Federal Powei Commission discourages produr- Sce GAS BILL on Page 14 Salk Aid Extended WASHINGTON (ft — The House has passed a bill extending polio vaccination aid to states until June 30, 1957. The aid authority was due to expire this month. The bill now goes to the President. Dulles told a news conference he believes this country .has the right to send such balloons anywhere in the world. Will Be Answered Dulles said Russia's protest will be answered in the next day or so. He would not predict precisely what the United States will say. But Dulles said that thousands of what he called metorological balloons have been released by the United States In the Pacific, North America and Western.Eur- ope. He said they probably have crossed the territories of 30 or 30 countries. By All Government* Dulles said he did not know just what international law would apply, but that he thought th» whole problem might be the subject lor consideration among gor- ernments. Earlier Pentagon officials had indicated they don't- Intend to stop sending up weather balloons just because the Russians object. Population Guess: 19,000 The special federal census of the city of BlythevllLe will probably show a population of more than 19,000, a good Indicator showed today. Jada McGuire, secretary-manager of the Chamber of Commerce, said city directory surveyors are finishing up their work and have reported a municipal-urea population of 20,700. Workers for City Dkectory—a compilation of names, addresses and telephone numbers of residents — covered residential areas outside city limits, McGuire said. They went north and south on Highway 61 and east and west on Highway 18 two miles, he said. Giving what is believed to be a heavy interpretation to the number living outside city limits, results would show at least 19,000 within. City Council has approved a special population count by tha U,S. Bureau of Census, to be taken in the near future. State turn- backs from various taxes are based on the 1950 census of 16,234. After the special census is taken, the new figure will be ased as the basis for state returns, enlarging them considerably. If the special count is not taken, a new census will not be available until 1960. City Council Meets Tonight City Council will resume an "ftd- journed meeting" .at 8, p.m. lod;iy, according to Mayor Toler Buchanan He said Council will consider Planning Commission matters and hear an out-of-town speaker. Buchanan did not enlarge on the purpose of the meeting. It will be held in City Hall, open to the public. Regular monthly Council meeting will be held a week from tonight. Police Report Single Injury In Series of Auto Accidents A Negro pedestrian was hit and given emergency hospital treatment in one of four car accidents reported by police today. The accidents occurred between 7 and 8 a.m. Arthur Hall, of 106 W. Cleveland, was struck as he stood at the intersection of 21st and Mnin. Driver of the car wns Mrs. Arlie French, of 920 S. Lake. She told police she was making a left turn from 31st onto Main and when she tried to avoid a large pile of dirt, lost control of the car and struck Hall. The dirt at the intersection was the result of excavation work on the sewer main. Hall was released at Blytheville Hospital after treatment for abrasions and contusions at the left No citation was Issued. At 20th and Main, shortly after the Hull injury, Mrs. 0. W. Coppage, of 2301 Pcabody, and R. A. Greenway, of Dell, were involved in a car collision. Slight damage was reported to both vehicles. At Chickasnwba and 5th cars driven by A. O. Hudson, of 90S Chickasawba, and Dwnln Merodith. of Blytheville Air Force Base, hit. Slight damage was reported. Police said Meredith failed to stop at a stop sign. . The fourth accident occurred at North Highway 61 and Moultrle Drive. A car driven by Louis Phillips, of route 3, ran Into the reo,r end of a car driven by Emll Poe, 709 Adams, as Poc wa« stopped •» > sign, poliM »ald.