The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on November 26, 1932 · Page 3
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 3

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Saturday, November 26, 1932
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Page 3
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SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 26, 1932 . BLYTHEVILLE.' (AIJK.)' {COURIER 'NEWS The First One-Variety Community ernl government, to- hundreds of thousand; of farmers wlioso condition wns so desperate tlwlr local banks mid niercluuils had cut them ndrltt. Seed loans Included cash for livestock fe«l, and liave been stretched to cover other essentials.. To obtain them, t!ie grower pledged a 35 r /r reduction In cbtton acreage, and the plant- In^ of specified amounts of fe«d and food .crops. Arkansas was ttie cotton state! most stricken by tl>« drouth. Far-' more' riots and ransacked grocery stores In Arkansas are still fresh in memory. But the next yeav, und;r talc-ral seeil loan encourngc- menl, Arkansas uanvs were burst- UIK with food for man and beast.- In Aikansas and other'cotton states, necessity shook the cotton grower loose from Hint credit lino which, In the giilso of stilviitlon, had been holding Ills Iwail under water fov gciicrntloris. Growers throughout the South urc holding their cotton for higher prices this year, to nn extent Imrdly known for a decade.—whelhjr. wisely or not may be questioned, but nt leiist Indicating an casement of thu fln- nnclnl pressure which ordinarily forces n ?alo as soon as cotton Is ylnned. It Is an easy, thing for llio banker lo approve diversification, li general. II Is nod so ensy for hln o guide and nuance the (urine: hrouijh difficulties of acqiiirini nd caring (or the livestock whlcli n most cases, the Southern grow-T must have In* onler to mak* diversified farming profitable. Corn, oats and wheat in the South yield ess cash i«r acre than cotton, mlc.w sold "on the hoof.! 1 It Is herefore a long road to tlio point whete tlv? banker, looking at a )asl due note, can resist the tcmp- atlon to tell the grower "put that other forty acres In cotton." • ' ,Sml loans are stimulating a ihlft to production of crops other nan Button, wlilch will muk« for mprowd soil and greater yields )1 cotton per acre .greater ability o meet world competition at low prices. Southern plantations of the old days Brew their own special strain of cotton,' protecting It scrupulously from mixture with other varielies. Break-down of the plantation system brought mixture of breeds' and slump in quality of American cotton. Quality Is now being revived by "one variety ccmimiriillcs". An old plantation home is snov,n above and (below) 'the abandoned slave quarters KEY TO PROFITS i American Cotton's Superiority in World Markets Must Be Maintained. BY JOHN H. CAUI.FIELD ' When Henry W. Grady painted American cotton as undisputed king. Southern farmers had not mined away the soil's fertility The boll weevil had not sunk his pernicious proboscis into the kingly plant. Nor had farmers chas- .ed the "turnout" . Will-o-the-Wlsp . into, the bogs, of degenerated sta- n" e -' learly an inch. At the same time, he yield per acre has been improved, although it still averages only half as high as American. The trend of Indian yield and quality jas been up, while American has aeon down at approximately the same rate. The balance that swings world demand for American cotton up and for Indian cotton down, or reverses it, is remarkably sensitive to small fluctuations in comparative price and comparative quality. For the first time in six years American cotton last season was only ten percent higher in price than Indian. Price combined with quality to swing the balance so heavily toward us that India losi 55% of her previous season's cotton trade with Japan, lost 45% of her Chinese and 03^ of-her European. A dozen years ago, when India for the first time, produced a crop of five million bales, and her com parative price was lowered, w were able to export only 44 r /r ° Cotton fields of the South yield- -«" r crop. But six years laUrrw eel 180 pounds of lint to the acre few our record crop of 18,00000. in Grades-day, against 150 pounds bales, our price came down with! this season-and the cotton of ten percent of the Indian price Grady's day was by far better. and we exported 03% of our hug , . . - „ . . production for that reason. Thre Cotton is cultivated DJ- 'mulch- £ ears 1&tcr with simj , ar America ins" the top soil to a fineness > and , Indian In which makes it the prey of every djan c()Uon ^ chea tha cashing ram. and the fertile top American and we were ablc lo ^ r>[ mcst Southern farms has been abroad on 47% Q( om crop long ago carried to river bars or 6 d . wlth K% ot the mui ocean beds. If this had reduced , ^ r - crop whlch we ^,3 abroa tlic amount of cotton only, if- it r 1 '"" * had. merely forced the grower to Bai^ H »v e Responsibility plant more acres and more seed, . Thu$ ha$ , nme lMert& the ^ s to work more mutes and men m ca ^. Wch Hfinry w Grad order to harvest the crop lha-i snw abovc lhe thronc of America his grandfathers- harvested then ^ and left the Southern'far the shock of thc fall would have bare to the harsll weather .„ been less. But scrub land-will not ft c orn{,etltion-not bared t crow ihorou'hUred cotton^ The suc[) exU;nt ^ hjs [e ,, ow lamtrs .inch cotton that uplands bore in Qf - the whi , al - and 'livestock 'sec HK earlier days is now seven- tions but cnough toshow he mus eighths, or shower-not only be- actjvc t his heritag cause of the soil's degeneracy, but- , mc , owcr Misslssippi an •equally affected by degeneration cient p6 , antation manshm s gone t in tyncs of rotton planted. wreck are elequent of King Co Weevil Hit Good Varieties ton>s decadenpc . Under thc prim With opening of the present i eval oaks w | th moss y beards rcm centurj'. the boll weevil moved in | jnj £cen t. O f Evangeline, panele u;:on us from Mexico, and now. h oar ded windows show behli covers the ccl^on belt like a pots- | n iajestic but mouldering colum oncd blanket."'California, Arizona Avenues of weatherbeatcn "qua and a Tow,- counties in the extreme ' (crs " where "thc young folks rol north of Ihc Southern states are alone exempt. Cottonseed breeders have (liveloprd early maturing varieties to "beat the weevil". ] maturing before Ite insect could do his deadliest. But early maturing did not mix with good staple. iTlic weevil-beating varieties also j Hat down quality. j - Another body blow to quality i was dealt by the breeders them- ; selves, when they blinded Hie far- : mer's eve wilh tlie fool's fold of "turnout"— the iwrcent of lint cotton which is ginned grom a ! .fivoir amount of seed cotton. The fanner seldom knows wilh exactness thc number of pounds he .picks from an acre, but he knows 'the percent of turnout- He checks -the weight of his wagonload of srod cotton, when it rolls upon the gin scales, and he knows, of course, thc weight of thc bale oj lint that he later hauls awav. The ratio of thc two is the turnout, and the grower sees an' obvious profit in getting 600 pounds of lint. Instead of 500, from a fifteen hundred pound load of seed cot"ton. It is not so easy for him to figure which cotton gave him more cotton to the acre. High turnout varieties yield inferior staple. "Turnout" was the seed salesman's most potent argument, and . gave duality cotton the final push into HIP rp-von. India Improving Her Cotton In the meanwhile, foreign cottons were building quality. Indian growers. led by their Central Cotton Committee, have Imported large quantities of American seed. r and have numerous cotton 1m- . .provement associations. From an overage staple length of half an Inch or less. Indian cotton has been Improved In the last decade or two until It now contains a slwable percent of cotton stapling . Recently established Agricultural Cralli Corporatlons'are a means to tho sum." end. West Texai( had an over supply of cnlvcs and lambs lasl year. Central and East Texus had an ovcrsupply of feedstuff, bin (hoy could not gel together. The West Texan could not sell his livestock on credit, the East and central Texan .could 'not borrow the money to pay cash. The Credit Corporations are Intended to ]>ro r \We credit for thn farmer with feed, equipment and ability to cam for livestock, but without credit through Hie usual private sources,— making for more llvu- itock In thc South, more fertile farms, belter cotton, and more of it lo (ho acre. '.flic federal government has In this manner stepped in to cise the burden from the Atlas shoul- d<rs o( eotton' ind in »om* m***- ure turn the ctock N ; back low»rit the days when Southern clrljlz^ tlou flowered from cotton b»ea.u»e tt was a surplus—not 'a crop to nwap for canned neONiUlet at the 40-percent supply »ton. And'upon such aid, or . upon the private bunker's assumption of a itmllar responsibility, mts * peri of tlw hope—not of the South alone, but of the whole nation—that the American grower will continue to produce t)M low-cost, tilth-quality cotton that will reconquer world markets. Dell antl Vicinity Miss Flovo Totter of Pot'ts Camp, Miss., ts visiting; relatives here. • Misses Maymu Mid' N«onil Mayers are spending -the Thanksgiving holiday at home. > Miw Thelnm . Kpahler spent Thanksgiving -In-Blythevllle with lior sister, Mrs. Ulns BUnkenahlu. T. E. Condrey," .who attends school In Meniphta, is spending ths Thanksgiving' holiday . with ' relatives here. • . -, • • Miss Verbft Lee. Wright, foimcr- 1 ly of here, has returned ' to Iwr homo In Kennett, Mo. Miss' Virginia. Martin raa returned from Memphtfl whsrc she has uetn with her sister, Mrs. Ru- p«ri. Crufton who is at Campbell's clinic suffering from Injuries received In an auto accident'« week "go. Change Now To Winter Grade MOTOR OH. Cold days mean that .your motor, '• requires a quicker flowing, lighter oil ... ,' an oil that will lubricate every part of your engine as soon as you step on the starter. We Have the Oil to Meet Every Cold Weather Requirement Voljmer & Son, Inc. Yarbro Rd. Phone 712 In other days, ard vacant save here pieces of tin tacked ove 10 window tell that an occasiona •nant has tried to make them abitable. Those parts of the cotton bel hich are most prosperous ar lose where cotton acreage ha >cen greatly reduced. Enlightened banking In th outheustern states has eased th ressure to grow cotton, and ha ncouraged substitution oi fee nd food crops. Georgia and the Carollnas in ten years have re- uced their yield of cotton onc- hlrd. and their acreage even more, 'hey ate growing more cotton to he acre because of sane farm- ng. But West Texas plains in that same period have tripled their iroductlon, nnd Texas' coastal ilains have doubled theirs. In the Southwest, too many bankers still demand that the grower "put that other forty acres in cotton"—and 11 the landlord and the supply mer- I chant echo the order. "Order" Is the word: eighty percent of the crop. Is produced on credit, and; in the manner that the creditor prescribes. "Seed Loans" Ifalp A break for the grower came, oddly enough, out of calamity. The drouth of three years ago result- • ed in "seed loans" from the fcd- THE FAMOUS SAHARA COAL . . "Hot: »a the Sands of the Desert" •THE COAL. THAT SELLS ITSELF Distributed Only By Superior Coal Co. Also Other Quality Coal Phone 123 Delinquent Trx Payers In Drainage District No. 17 Until Saturday, December 3ro you are given an opportunity to contact the Receiver or Auditor of the District at the District's Office in the Lynch Building for thc purpose of effecting settlement of delinquent taxes on some agreeable basis. After December 3rd, whatever action is necessary will be taken to obtain possession nf all property sold to the District for taxes, unless satisfactory arrangements are made to redeem, in order that some revenue may accrue to the District from lands not paying taxes. Clifton H. Scott Federal Receiver, Drainage District No. 17. HOW TO PLAN MENUS NEW.,- AN[D ••, TESREfi RECIPES Four Inlertstiiif? Sessions A Gala Event for. -| . Housewives Plan to Attend Every Duv •' -.^"./^Prcisc^tS'^'vr,.;. .. Mrs. J. No Charge Everybody Invited In a Series of Four Fascinating LwiuresOri Doors Open 1 p. m. Liberal Gifts Daily SHORT i\CUT8 IN t COOKING Modern Kitchen Tuesday,WednesdayJhursday,Friday December 6th, 7th, 8tb, 9th City Hall Auditorium I-ecture Starts 2 p. m. Westinghouse Electric Range Given Away Free Everyone Cordially Invited Meet Your Friends There HELPFUL lOUSEHOLD HINTS

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