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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL. SUNDAY, JULY 27, 1890. FROTH SCHOOL-GIRLS. Notes on Convent Life by an American Student Peculiar Meal and Methods. NTew York Commercial Artccrtlwr.
The contrast between the life of our liberty-loving, well-dressed, well-fed and unwatched American school-girl and the hamper-d existence of the French girl is mneh more marked than one who has not attended school in Loth countries cau well imagine. Would any of our free-born girls tamely submit to the constant espionage under which the French girl must dwell! liven in the middle and poorer classes young girls are never allowed to walk alone to their day schools. When too poor to afford a servant, they must be accompanied by one or the other of their parents. This constant surveillance of theirdaugh-ters makes sad inroads upon the time of the small tradesmen, who, morning and evening, most accompany their Maries, and Celestines, and Antoinettes to and from their school. We Americans used to watch with the greatest cariosity the comings and goings ox the day pupils to one convent school in Tans, and wondered how these well-watched beings would feel if they could be allowed to wander unattended through the streets as we aTe in far-off America.
"Charlotte." I asked one day of a girl whose father kept a glove shop in the next street. why must your father leave his affairs twice a day to conduct you to and from school!" "lie--cause mamma is too ill to come with me." Well, can yoa not even walk two blocks alone!" "Alone," she echoed. "But no, how could 1 go alone into the streets until after I am married "I pity you; I do, indeed, my poor child. Yoa have no idea of what fun is. I would not stand it.
I hould simply run away and have a good long walk all by myself." "Oh no, you would not if yon were a French girl, because then you would bo considered not nice, but," with a shrug, "as you are American it would be allowed in you. Madame la Superior would never give as the liberty she allows to you Americans." It is very true that Madame la Supenore 'did give us more liberty. We were two Americans, one Scotch and one English girl, and 1 think she was secretly glad when we demanded a little table to ourselves in one corner of the refectory, forhhe feared our influence upon the other girls who sat at tho long table. She well knew that though these meals were taken in silence, we were capable of speaking volumes in glances. How often 1 have watched those girls, ranging in ages from six to eighteen years, tile into the refectory after early mass, from which we were excused, and seat themselves with the most complacent and satisfied air imaginable before their plates of thin coup, for this, with one roll, composed their entire breakfast.
At onr little table, where we had coffee, fresh butter and rolls, wo contemptuously called this broth "hot water, with a cabbage-leaf floating in each plate," and, indeed, that is what it appeared to be. But it was well seasoned and hot, and these uncomplaining girls broke bitsott their hard roll into it, and ate it with every appearance of It is a popular fiction that a French breakfast consist of rolls and coffee, but the truth is that hot soup forms the far more uoual breakfast of the masses. Especially in the tradesmen's quarters of Paris this hot broth is made and sold in booths at every street-corner. But to return to the convent school. The noon and evening meals of hot meat, vegetables and salad were bountiful enough to compensate for the frugal early breakfast, and in addition each girl had for the middle of the afternoon a goute of one roll which she was allowed to eat in the garden at recreation.
With it. if she were so fortunate as to be able to buy it. or have it given to her, there would be a slab of chocolate. I was struck with the exceeding contentment of these girls at their fare; never a word of complaint left their lips, uot a thought of anything better entered their heads. In their stcdies.
even moro than in their food, do these girls differ from us. To them elegance of diction, and a knowledge of the history and literature of their own Frauce are of the lirst. ami I might say almost only, importance. Dry studies, involving mathematics, or logic, or physics, or anything that, requires deep thinking, are skipped over in their peduliar airy way, and a knowledge of the world in general is the last thing a French" girl cares to have. Paris and France Franco and.
Paris" this is her world, and of tne world outside she has but the most contused ideas. America? Yes, she knows of that great country, but iorth aud South America are one. to her. "Do you not salute your emperor when you walk inthe streets, of New York!" said one to me. "Our era- "peror! We have no emperor.
My country is free." I answered. "No emperor! Who, then, is Dom Pedro! I have heard that he is the emperor bf Amerique." Useless were endeavors to explain to her the difference between the two great worlds of North and South America. America remained to her light little French bead but one small territory, no larger than her own France, Their studies are constantly interrupted for the preparation of their appetite for comedies being perfectly insatiable. During the weeks of preparation for these plays the recitations are' gone through as a mere form; from teacher to pupil nil are occupied with costumes and poses for the eventful evening when, with parents and frends to loole on. the young girls appear npou the boards of their little school-room stage.
That French girls dress exquisitely during their school life is another popular fallacj-. They do nothing of the kind. Where the plain black uniforms prescribed by convent schools are pot worn, only the simplest stuff firowus are seen, and "absolutely no jewelry. It is after she emerges from school that the French girl develops into the woman of fashion. Sometimes a latent coquetry is seen among the older girls in the arrangement of their hair and the tidines.) of their high-heeled boots, but they aro practising for that near day when they leave school forever.
Tho slang that is said to have so large a part in the language of American eirlsisby no means lacking in French school-rooms. aud some of their remarks are even more expressive than ours. "You make me tired." says the American girl. "You turn my blood," says the French girl. A RUSSIAN ItEl'OKT ON TOLSTOI.
Official Investigation Info the Effector Ills Works Upon the Russian People. A report has been published by a Russian government official concerning tho effects of Tolstoi's books on the Kussian nntion. They wanted to know at St. Petersburg exactly what influence the ideas of their com-, panious have had upon the Russian subjects with whom those books came in contact. "The propaganda of Count Tolstoi's moral ideas and general views." says the report, "are still in progress, although not with the ardor and energy of last year.
In ISKTCount Tolstoi lived mostly in Moscow, and therefore could not exercise his personal influence to much as formerly over the peasants of Poljana. While there, however, he plowed and mowed with the peasants, and showed them how to do many other things. So, for instance, he taught them how to thatch their huts aud blacken their stoves. This work he did for the most part on holidays. He was no longer in a position vto help them with money andthelike, since his eldest sons opposed themselves determinedly to the expenditure.
Oral instruction has never been attempted by Count Tolstoi. His doctrines are usually taught by his chosen followers. His favorite method of spreading his ideas at present is the distribution of tracts among the peasants." Since this report was made a chronic liver trouble has almost completely incapacitated Count Tolstoi for mowing, plowing or thatching huts. Despite his trejudice against doctors, whom he had so roundly denounced in all his recent works, his wife hai compelled him to receive medical attendance and to take medicine. Through her his physician has prevented him from doing manual labor.
In his literary work, however, not even the iron will aud influence of the Countess has been able to cause a halt. Tolstoi has just completed a "Sequel to the Krentzer Sonata." and is beginuing a work concerning drunkenness. He is also iu the middle of a "realistic romance in which a new-fashioned, emancipated Kussian young woman will play the leading In speaking of all three works Tol-. stoi has lamented bitterly his inability to place his own undistorted views before the world. As his books are forbidden in Russia, anddho foreign translations are beyond his control, he feels, he says, that he has no accurate medium of communicatiou with the public.
The translations of "Tho Krentzer Sonata" have tried bis patieuce so sorely, he told a St. Petersburg correspondent recently, that he hardly will have the courage to read tho foreign editions of his coming works. The German translation he described as "distorted beyond rcc- ognition." The English translate by Dillon he thought about the best. The originals of all the works he has published without the permission of the Itufrian press censor are in the hands of M. Tsrt-koff.
a Moscow dealer in autographs. Tolstoi's family consists of his wiferond nine children, the eldest. Count sergci, twenty-eight years old. and the youugrtt a baby in the crib. His family do not sympathize fully with his.
socialistic ideas. Only their bitter opposition dissuaded him a few years ago from giving all his property to his fellow-countrymen. Tho Counters Sophie's iron will is said to have been tho deciding influence in this matter, tela. Count Tolstoi got partly even with her, however, by giving up tobacco and meat, adopting the costume of a peasant, making all hu journeys on foot, and leaving to her the administration of his largo estate. A a.n hn reeontlv visited him denies that .1 (ran A crnanel iimnnir th MAiuntN bv means of tracts, huch at-! tempts would bo fruitless, the man Bays, fnr th cimnlA Tfl.ason that "orobably not a single peasant in that country knows how, to read." DRESS IN THE FAR EAST.
Natives of China and Japan Wear Clothing; Adapted to the Summer Weather. Frank O. Carpenter, in Philadelphia Preaa. The question of keeping cool is largely a matter of dress. Mr.
Kockhill, tho American who pushed way into Thibet last year, wore a Chinese costume during the journey, and he tells mo it is far cooler than the American. All the nations of the Fast dress much better in this respect than we do. The Japanese, during the summer, has practically nothing but a cotton gown to cover his person, and his legs are bare. If he is a working man. or one of the poorer classes, he takes orl every stitch of clothing with the exception of a cloth around the loins, and trusts to the tatooed marks on his back and legs to cover his nakedness.
This mode of dressing is now prohibited in the cities, but it is not at all uncommon in the country, and in going through Japan you see both women and men clad in a dress not much more extensive than that worn by Adam and Eve in the sarden. A woman who washes clothes thinks nothing of pulling he dress down to the waist, and the man who pulls your jinriksha into the cou ntry frequently takes off his clothes and runs naked, with the exception of his loin cloth. One of the nicest old foreign ladies in Japan, daring the past few years, has been the wife of our consul-general at Yokohama. She came from Kentucky, and she could not get reconciled to this nakedness of the people. Whenever a jinriksha man attempted to take off his coat, or his shirt, when he was palling her carriage she decidedly objected, and, when she first came to Japan.
1 am told that she often stopped the pretty little Jap girls on the streets, and pinned their dresses close up to the throat, telling them that it was immodest to show so much of their bosoms. The Chinese pantaloons are very full, and do one wears drawers. TheKoreau has pants so baggy that they will reach clear up to his neck, though he fastens them about his waist, and the Korean woman wraps her skirts around her bosom just under the arms, and there is often six inches of brown skin showing between this and the little sacque which covers her shoulders. A Siamese working woman frequently wears nothing over her shoulders and breasts, and she wraps the cloth about her waist and pulls it through the legs, tucking it in at the in such a way that her limbs are bare to the knees. It is the same with the Malay woman, as far as the upper part of the dress is concerned, and over in Borneo you will see plump, round sirls with little more than, a breech-clout to cover their nakedness.
The Burmese woman dresses in the finest of silks, but her dress consists of one long piece, which she wraps around her waist and lets fall to her feet. This is tied at the front, and the opening is at this place, but the girls have from long practice acquired a graceful kicking with the feet by which they are enabled to keep their gowns together aud avoid any exposure of the person. They wear sacques. and are the brightest and prettiest women of the Last. A greater part of the Indians, both men and women, dress in white cotton sheets, and tho common people of Egypt wear blue cotton gowns.
As to children, those of. the Orient wear practically notning. MACKENZIE A ItUSY MAN. How the Great London Physician Utilizes Every Minute of the Day. Boston Herald's London Letter.
It is 6aid in the profession that no nhv sician in London receives so many patients in his consulting-room as Sir Morell Mac kenzie. They come not only from every part of England, bat from every part of the world, and the list includes royalties and nobles, as well as commoners. In addition to the patients who call, there are the patients who must be called upon. And then you may say the work is bat begun. For a man whose working days are very long.
Sir Morell is an early riser. He has breakfasted, read his mail and morning papers and is out of the house by 9 o'clock. He reserves the hour from 9 to 10 for a few urgent cases which require a timely morning visit. Returning home, he receives patients in his consulting-room forthenext four hours. All who call before 2 o'clock may have audiences with him.
At 2 he lunches with his family. Buttheromay be a dozen persons waiting at that hour, and they must be attended to after luncheon. Then he enters his carriage and makes his rouud of calls. If be reaches home by 7:20 he thinks he has done well. After dinner he goes through his correspondence, and perhaps finishes a scientific article or adds a chapter to one of his medical works.
He rarely dismisses his secretary before 11 o'clock, and he is generally at his own desk until midnight. I was much amused one day when he showed me his "arrangement," as he calls it. His "arrangement" consists of two consulting-rooms, connected by a narrow passage, closed at each end by swinging doors. During "oflice hours" the reception-room is certain to be tilled with patients. The caller, in his order of arrival, is shown by a polite man servant into one of the consulting rooms.
Presently Sir Morrell enters, greets the patient, discusses the "case," and, when the discussion is at an end, touches a hidden signal, to which an attendant responds, as the great physician bows courteously to the departing visitor, and then disappears through his "private exit" to the second consulting-room, where another patient is in waiting. When this "case has been disposed of," Sir Morell retreats again to to the first room, to which a third visitor has meanwhile been admitted, and during this interview a fourth caller is shown to an adjourning apartment. Thus, Sir Morell is never kept waiting, and thus he saves bis own time, as well us the time of his patients. "Like a pantomime, isn't itf" said ho as he gave me a practical illustration of the ethcacy of his "arrangement." "I am continually appearing and disappearing through doors." But the visiting patient sees no evidence of the pressuro that is upou the genial doctorthe arrangement is so perfect, the polite attendants are so throughly trained, and Sir Morell's manner is so cordial and attentive. This little passage saves me at least an hoar and a half every day," said the famous physician, with a merry twinkle in his keen brown eyes.
THE MONKEY TUZZLE. A Tra Which Shakes the Simian Off When He Tries to Climb It. Baltimore Son. The wouderful hydrangea plants of Mr. F.
W. Dammann. No. 731 West Lanvale street, are now in tne height of their beauty, and attract much attention. The plants are two in number, one on each side of the main entrance to the house, and immediately in front of tho parlor windows.
Eicb plant is 27 feet in circumference, 5 feot high, and has about SCO blooms. These blooms aro about 8 inches in diameter, and of the most exuisito shade of pink and blue. Tho hydrangeas are supposed to have been planted iul35 by the late David Stewart, who built the residence they help to adorn. The manner in which the extensive grounds about Mr. Daniinann's house are arranged excites much comment.
A gi iat variety of landscape is given in about an acre of laud. There are original-growth oaks, fountains, aud many choice tiees of foreign and native growth. Among the receut importations planted out are two specimens of the famous "monkev puzzle." a tree of striking appearance, that is frequently seen in the well-kept lawns of England. hen a monkey starts to climb a treo its contortions bring him again to tho ground before he can complete the ascent. Ejrrnrnion Marjartt faUt Toronto jtti, For the round trip, Thursday, July 31, only.
Special train, with Pullman cars, via II. D. and Erie railways, Secure tickets early. Apcjy to II. I), railway office.
J1 THE VETERANS CENSUS. Unsatisfactory Result of the Attempt to Se cure Records ot the Services of Soldiers. W. B. 8..
In St. Louis lobe-Democrat. The greatest trouble which the oflice will have with incomplete schedules lies in a direction wholly unexpected. The old sol- aier census has not resuiteu satisiactorny. When the law providing for the census was passed the idea of incorporating with it a directory of the survivors or tne late civil war was suggested.
The Grand Army posts took up the suggestion and urged it. Con- 1 1 11 gross readily leu in wun me lue.a. do it was arranged that the enumeration should include a special schedule for old soldiers. benever the enumerator encountered an old soldier he was to put to him certain questions. The length of service, tho organizations served in these and like points of interest were to be obtained.
To encourage the enumeration in thoroughness with the old soldier schedules it was provided that they should receive 5 cents a name-double the usual compensation for each old soldier scheduled. A hasty examination of large numbers of schedules received that tho old soldier census has been a partial failnre. The enumerators have been able to find the old soldiers, but they have not been able to get satisfactory answers to the old soldier questions. One reason given for the failure is fouud in the lack of memory on the part of the veterans. The old soldiers remember that they "tit," but how long they fought or in what regiments and brigades tho schedules do not show.
Fully two-thirds of the schedules examined are sadly deficient in supplying the desired information about the old soldier. It is probable that the enumerator in most instances saw some member of the veteran's family who knew that the husband or father had been in the war, but who did not know the number of the regiment or the length of service. So the enumerator simply put down "yes" in reply to the query about having been in the army and "don't remember" for the other questions, and called that the old soldiers' enumeration. The information isn't worth the 5 cents it costs the government. The object of this old soldiers' census may as well be stated.
It is proposed that the Census Oihce shall get out a complete directory of those who fought on the Union side of the civil war, and who are now living. The Census Office estimate is that this directory will till eight or ten volumes, of 1.000 paces each. The directory will give the name, address, rank, time of service and organization served in. Until the schedules began to come in it was supposed that this directory could be rapidly aud easily compiled from the information gathered by the enumerators. It was expected to turn out the complete set of eight or ten volumes within the coming eighteen months.
But it now appears from the schedules cursorily examined that the big work on the old soldiers' census is yet to be done. A directory made up from only such data as the schedules furnished would bo a farce. To carry out the idea which Congress had in view when the old soldiers' census was provided for the census officials will nave to supplement these schedules with a vast amount of research among the War Department records. It is not at all certain that the missing information can be obtained in that way. There is already some talk at the Census Office that a force of special atrents may be necessary to scat ter over the country and collect tho data which the enumerators missed.
Perhaps the plan will be to till out tho old soldier schedules, as far as can be done, from the War Department rolls, and then complete them through special agents. This directory of survivors of the war will interest the old soldiers. It will be of great help to the various organizations of veterans, lhere will he millions in it to some pension attorney if he can get hold of advance sheets of the directory. A TOTS LONG TRIP. Baby of Four Years Bound from Kansas City to Ronton 3Iaterial for a Romance.
Kansas City Times. On the east-bound Sante Fe train which left the Union Depot last night at 10:25 was a passenger who attracted more than an ordinary share of attention. He was Harry Cole, and his destination was Boston. Mass. These facto were gained from a red tag on his back.
It was not because he was men tally or physically deficient that he was thus tagged, for a glance at his bright eyes and intelligent face would dispel any such idea, but becanse of his lack of experience in traveling. He is four years old, and is to make tho entire trip froth Kansas City to Boston accompanied only by a friendly lunch basket and bis winning disposition. One day about three years ago there knocked at the door of Mr. C. A.
Earle, 1021 Campbell street, a lady elegantly dressed and bearing an infant in her arms. She explained to Mrs. Earle that sho wished to leave her child with some kind people while she went on a very hurried and im portant visit to Canada. She would pay well and regularly for his board, aud only wished to leave the baby a very tew weeks. when she would call for it.
The trust was accepted by the Earles and money came regularly to pay its board, but the weeks lengthened into months and finally three years had rolled by and no demand was made for the child. Last week Mr. Earle received instructions to de liver tho hoy to the agent of the Santa Fo railroad and to prepare him for the journey to Boston. The reader may weave such a romance around these facts as suits his fancy. Mr.
Earle was very ret icent about further information concerning the little fellow and his parentage, but it was learned from another source that the mother is a vaudeville actress of some note in Eastern cities. Her stage' name is Princess Chmquilla, and the letter of in structions to accompany the boy stated that he was to be delivered to Mrs. May Cole upon his arrival in Boston. The little fellow had been well cared for. as his cloan face and kilt skirts indicated.
The foster father and mother wept copious tears of unassumed grief as they bade their charse good-bye. The little fellow enjoyed the prospect of fun. and kissed his hand to the reporter as the train pulled out for Chicago. MRS. LESLIE'S NEAT FOOT.
She Tells How It Captured De Leaville's Heart A Fickle Sweetheart. New York Special to Philadelphia Record. The deep interest in the affairs of Mrs Frank Leslie and the Marquis De Leuville. who have been so often engaged to be mar ried, according to Damo Kumor. and who have been at feast very warm friends for some years, is not lossened by the exolana- tions of the Marquis and of Mrs.
Leslie. Indeed, so singular and naive is the latter's story that people aro smiling broadly. A London correspondent found that licenses had actually been issued A 0 A. irom inc registrars omce ior tne couple's marriage on two different occasions. once in August, 1SS9, and again on July 10, the nresent year.
The Marquis was seen by the correspondent, and asserted forcibly in explanation of Mrs. Leslie's denial that they were ever engaged: "This is only a lover's auarrel. Of course. if Mrs. Leslie says we are not engaged and never have been, I cannot, as a gentleman, deny it.
But never mind." This explanation did not explain to tho satisfaction of everybody, and at last Mrs. Leslie consented to be interviewed, and a curious article it makes. She tells all about how she first met the Marquis, when she been a widow a year, and when com pelled to descend from an $S0O00-a-year life to stutiy apartments in a boarding-house. while mercenary relatives fought her hus band's will, bbe was then very poor. "In the darkest of these dark times." said Mrs.
Leslie. "1 was introduced to the Mar- nuis De Leuville bv Ladv Dufiield Hardv. who was then living in Forty-ninth street. The way our acquaintance came about was rather romantic. It seems the Marquis was passing Lady Hardy house one dsy just as was step ping from a cab opposite her door with the intention of making a call.
I was dressed in the deepest black and wore a veil which completely covered my face. He stopped a second and then moved ou as I went up the steps. I did not see him at all. but some time later Lady Hardy introduced him to me. saying that he had desired to make my acquaintance.
Later on ia onr acquaintance the Marquis told me that he thad not known of the existence of Mrs. Frank Leslie, but that the lady shrouded in black, who dismounted from the cab at Lauy Hardy's door, had attracted his at tention and admiration on account of the small and daintily-shaped loot that emerged from her skirts when she stepped to the pavement. Mrs. Leslie blushed deeply as she said this, and hastened to add. parenthetically: "You see.
the Marquis De Leuville had lived all his life England, aud all En- glish ladies have very largo and ungainly feet. Most American ladies, on tho con trary, have small and shapely feot, and mine were, consequently, only the rule here, not the exception, so far as beautv wu concerned. The Marquis hadn't been long in the conntry, or he wouldn't have thought my feet exceptional. Any way, that don't matter. He asked Lady Hardy to introduce him to the lady who called on her that day, and lady Hardy took an early occasion to do so." Mrs.
Leslie then goes on to tell how, one night, she accidentally pulled off her wedding ring with her glove at Lady Hardy's house. There was a general search, but the ring could not be found. "Finally," she says, "just before we separated, the Marquis put an exquisite ring, studded with diamonds, upon my ringless linger, and said, in the presence of tho whole company, that he would replace the loss. I protested, saying that the ring I lost was a wedding ring. this is a wedding ring," said tho Marquis earnestly.
Mrs. Leslie continues her history of their acquaintance and friendship and the Marquis's frequent appeals for her hand, admitting that they kept up a correspondence after the Marquis had returned to London, and that sho one day took a sudden notion aud cabled him that she would marry him. He came back to New York, but she does not exnlain whv she suddenlv changed her mind. She tells of her dropping into Lon don at the time of the lawsuit over the Marquis's play, and extended him sympa thy. I huB she concludes: "It is a shame that he has been charged with following me for my money, for he first asked me to be his wne wneu i was penniless, ah contrary reports which have appeared in the papers frequently in the past are entirely false.
But I want it understood that I am not en gaged to the Marqnis de Leuville." "And about the marriage licenses! "I do not care to say anvthing more upon the subject." SPECTRAL SHIPS. The Dutch snd German Legends Concerning the Phantoms of the Sea. Chambers's Journal An unbelieving Dutch captain had vainly tried to rouud Cape Horn (not Good Hope) against a head gale. He swore he would do it, and when the storm increased laughed at the fears of his crew, smoked his pipe and drank his beer, even throwing overboard some of the men who tried to make him put the ship about. The Holy Ghost descended on the deck, but he fired a pistol at it.
whereupon his arm became paralyzed. I hen he cursed uod and was immediately condemned by the apparation to navigate always without putting into port, always on the watch, and with nothing but all to drink and red-hot iron to eat, le was to be the evil genius of the sea. to torment and punish sailors, and to carry warning of ill-fortune to the luckless mariner. It is he who sends the white squalls nnd sudden tempests. If he visits a ship, all the wine and beer turns sour and all the food becomesbeans, which sailors hate.
Nothing must be taken from his band, for tho person who touches anything he has touched is lost His ship is manned by all the old sinners of the sea, thieves, murderers, pirates and cowards, who eternally toll and sutler, and have little to eat and drink. Thus the phantom ship is the purgatory of the wicked mariner. A phantom shiD is known to Baltic sail ors as the "Carmilhan," and the captain of her is called Klabotermann. This ship. also, is always trying without success to.
double the cape; and when sailors see her. with Klabotermann sitting on tho bow sprit, dressed in yellow, wearing a night cap and smoking a short pipe, they know that their vessel is doomed. It is carious that almost all the spectral heroes of these legends at least, of the most popular of them are-Dutchmen. Bat the fact seems to be that the legend is German in its origin, and has become attached iu sailor yarns to Dutchmen either because, to Jack, a Dutchman and a Deutcher are the same thing, or because the Dutch were the most famous and daring of navigators. The German story is given by different authorities with variations, but briefly it is this: A baron called Falkenberg murdered his brother and his bride in a fit of passionate jealousy, and went forth from his home with the curse thundering in his ears that he should for evermore twander toward the north.
At the seashore he found a boat awaiting him with pne man in it, who simply said, "Expectamus te." Falkenberg entered the boat -and was conveyed to a spectral bark lying in the harbor. He boarded her. and she sailed away wito him against the wind. On board that ship he still plows the northern seas, forever playing dice with the spectral crow for his soul. The ship is paiuted gray, has colored sails, a white llag.
and tlanies issue from her masthead at Tthat she is easily identified by any vessel that may. happen to "speak" her! For six hundred years this spectral bark has roamed the German ocean, and is still, it is said in the German story, to be seen, always heading northward, without helm or helmsman. THE RUSH FOR FENSIOXS. Nearly a Quarter of sv Million Applications Under the Disability DHL Washington Special. Persons who aro'entitled, or think they are entitled, to pensions under the recent disability act are not allowing the grass to grow under their feet.
bill became a law on une 27, and from that time to the present the Pension Office has received and acknowledged 200,000 applications for pensions. It is estimated that there are at least. 20,000 applications inthe oflice the receipt of which has not been acknowledged. An estimate was made when the bill was before Congress that there would be about bOO.000 cases which wrould come under its provisions. It is not supposed that all the cases tiled will be favorably acted upon by the Pension Office, but it is thought that the rush of applications is about over.
The activity of the claim agents of this city and tho extent of tho iucrease in their business in consequence of tho recent pension act may bo inferred from tho fact that for the quarter ending with June SO the receipts of the Washington city post-office increased S3 per and apostoffice ollicial says that the iucrease thus far for the month of July is proportionaly greater than for tbe preceding months. The enormous growth is due entirely to the mail matter sent out by the claim agents to pensioners and those who are entitled to pensions, urging them to make applica- tious under the disability law. The sale of two-cent stamps to a single pension agent has been as high as $5,000 m' one transaction. Some of the agents send their printed circnlars under a 1-cent stamp, but the more clever ones use the sealed envelope and 2-cent stamp, knowing that under the great pressuro of business first-class matter has preference over the other 1 classes. In addition to the circular letters, one agent, who publishes a weekly paper here, sent out in one week a million copies of his paper, containing urgent appeals for applications under the new law.
A clerk in tho Pension Oflice is authority for the statement that the principal claim agent in this city has a business with the office which yields him. a daily income of from 1,700 to $2,700 in fees. It is mainly due to these claim agents that the granting of ad ditional pensions is pushed with so much vigor each year in Congress. So long as the law permits these persons to charge liberal fees for acting as attorneys this pressure will doubtless continue. The Retiring- Sea Question.
PhllftrielitMiL Tnnnirrr. This whole controversy about Behring sea can be summarized in a few words. Kussia not only claimed, but maintained exclusive iurisdiction over it. and what ever rights she possessed were transferred to the United States. Now, we either have entire control over tbe sea and the fisheries or we have not.
If we have. no. Canadian or British vessel has the right to capture a single seal, and it is tho duty of the gov ernment to drive every one of the pirates out. If we have not, there is nothing more for us to do but to fold our hands or to unite with Great Britain in an effort to pre vent indiscriminate slaughter. That is the whole question in a nut-shell.
What are we going to do about it Probably just what Great Britain would do under similar circumstances stand up for our rights and maintain them. What Life Would Re on Them. Washington Star. By the wonderful discovery of an Italian astronomer, Schiaparelli, it seems that both Venus and Mercury turn but once on their axes during a revolution around the 6uu. In the case of the former this fact means that in the beautiful planet the people if there be peoplo there are either in perpetual sunshine or eternal midnight.
It is supposed that the long equatorial day is made tolerable by the heavy clouds that cover tho face of the planet. Tho atmosphere is known to be one-third denser than that of the earth. The poles themselves and a small tract adjacent are intensely cold, but an equable, or, at least, approximately equable, climate exists between the equator and tho poles. THE WAYS OK NAPOLEON. How the Great Man Condneted Himself In the Privacy of Ills Drawing-Room.
Temple Bar. Napoleon, we are told, was dressed every morning bv the valet in attenance. He did not don a single garment himself; eventually, however, he was induced to shave himself. Tt happened in this wise: Iu the head valet. Uambard pleaded ill health as an excuse for not accompanying his master to Boulogne.
"Who is to shave me?" asked Napoleon, for Hamhard had regularly discharged this duty. Ham-bard suggested Constant, who foreseeing this emergency, had been diligently taking lessons on humbler chins and had acquired proficiency, lie bad no easy task, for Napoleon, while undergoing the would talk, read the newspapers, and fidget, in his chair, sometimes sitting as stiff as ai statute and declining to bend his head ant inch. Great care was necessary to avoid- cutting his face. Another peculiarity was that he insisted' on one side being lathered and shaved before the other side was touched. When Constant got free enough with him to' venture on the step, ho urged on Napoleon the desirability of his learning to shave, as he himself might be ill or absent, and Napoleon would not like to be operated on by a stranger.
Napoleon was, with some difficulty, induced to try the experiment, but, of course, he experimented only on himself, and did not, therefore, acquire professional proficiency. Very clumsy at first, he gradually became tolerably expert. On one point, however, was obstinate be persisted in moving theKfor downward instead of upward, and occasional cuts were the consequence. While not lifting a finger to dress himself, Napoleon dispensed with assistance in undressing: but be Hung his garments all over the room his watch sometimes missing the table or bed at which it was aimed and falling broken on the floor. As to dress, ho despised dandies, never wore rings and abominated scents, except eau de cologne, with which he was often rubbed, ana which was his specific for bruises.
When coat-tails became shorter he stuck to the old fashion, until Constant got the tailor to shorten them by imperceptible gradations. He disliked tightly-fitting clothes, found a new hat uncomfortable though lined with silk and wadding and stuck to an old one as long as possible. He put on every morning a clean white waistcoat, with knee-breeches to match he never wore trousers; but as he habitually wiped his pen on his breeches after three or four washings they were done with. Constant denies, however, the common story of his keeping snarl loose in his waistcoat pocket; he always used snuff box, and though he frequently took a pinch, he simply held it to nose, ana then dropped all or nearly all on the floor. His tnutt injured the carpet, not his waist coat.
Smoking he never tried bat once. An Oriental embassador had presented him with a chibouk. It was filled aud lit for htm, bnt he merely opened ana shut his lips instead of drawing. When at last he was induced to draw, the smoke went down his throat and came out at his nose. He felt queer for an hour, declaimed against the habit as fit only for lazy people, and never touched a pipe again.
WOMKN AND TENNIS. Hints to Lady Tennis-Players Dress and the Racquet. An east Llppincott. The question of dress is by no means an unimportant ono. Time was.
and not so very long ago, when to see a girl player making frantic dives about tbe court in a heavily draped skirt and tight waist was no uncommon sight; bat we have learned wisdom bv experience, and the plain full skirts and shirt-waists now in vogue are certainly as far ahead of the old style in comfort as they are in grace and beauty. One could wish no prettier sight than the grounds of some of the local clubs on a fine ay. the bright gowns of the girls and the men's light flannels contrasting charmingly with the green turf. It takes more than a pretty gown and a fair day, however, to make a tennis-player, and, though to the uninitiated it Beems a simple matter enough to bat the ball back and forth across the net. a trial will soon convince thsm that -it is not so easy as it looks.
It will not take long for such to find that it reqnires careful playing and long practice to play good tennis, for one cau no more acquire proficiency in the game by carelessly banging the ball about than ming popular airsior amusement. In the matter of ehoosjng a racquet there aro many things to consider. The a 1 1 1 1 A BirmBiuK hqu uaiauce may ue jeii xo inui-vidual discretion, but. in regard to weight there should be a fixed law. A lighter racquet than twelve ounces does not give enough force to the stroke, and no girl should attempt to use one of over lS ounces, lor above that weight tbe advantage, if there be such, gained by the heav ier racquet is overbalanced by the diffi culty of managing the additional weight.
This point settled, the question of holding towards "gooa xorra" lor of course there is ''good form" in tennis as in any other game is the proper use of the racquet, it should be held at the extreme end of the handle, for this is the only way to secure a tree, easy sweep, and not only aoes mis give a longer reacu, nut tne da-vantage of added leverage is obtained. Closely allied to this is the all-important point or the nrm grasp. How many points are lost by the loosely-held racquet, and what a surprise it always is, followed by the exclamation. "Oh! I was sure of that ball, but my racquet slipped." Yes, but if your racquet had been firmly held it would have done its datv. Bv the wav.
for how may misplavs is the racquet held accountable, when really the power at the end of the racquet is only to blame? So far as the action of the game is con cerned, a girl's play must differ essontiallv from a man's. This is due in part to the natural disadvantages under which she labors. Of course, her inferior strength and endurance are against her. and her dress, at tho best, is of itself a handicap. or this reasou.
should a girl wish to im prove her play by observation, it is much better for her to watch a good player her own sex than to try to learn from a man. however well he may play, for a woman cannot play a man's game, and any attempt to uo so win prove worse than useless. ABDUL HAM ID'S HOUSEKEEPING. Women Have No Voice Whatever in Its Management. Leisure Ilonr.
It is estimated that over six thousand persons are fed daily at his Dolraa Bagtche Palace when the is there. One who is well informed gives a graphic picture of the Sultan housekeeping. He admitsthat it is clear that there is good executive ability in the management of this enormous household, for there is scarce' ever a jar or a bitch, even under the impulse of the most untimely demands. Kvery different demand is under the control of a person who is directly responsible for that, and be has a corps of servants and slaves under his orders, who obey him only, and he is subject to tbe treasurer of the household. Women have no voice whatever in the management of anything in any depart ment.
Their sole occupation is to wait upon their respective mistresses, or to serve the Sultan in some specified capacity; and the labor abont tbe palace is so subdivided that no one works very hard except the lord ill n.l a 4 I 4k household. 1 he chamberlain is mostly occupied in administering to the wants and caprices of the Sultan, and is in almost con stant attendance upon him: so the treas urer of the househouid has the burden of the housekeeping on his burly shoulders. He has an organized force of buyers, who are each charged with the purchase of certain supplies for their individual departments. each having his helpers, servants and slaves. One man is charged with the duty of sup- plying all tbe fish, and, as to furnish fish for at least six thousand persons is no light undertaking in a place where there are no great markets, such as there are in all other large cities, he has to have about twenty men to scour tbe various small markets and buv of the fishermen, and each of these men has two others to carry the fish they buy.
About ten tons of hsh a week are re- ouired. There are nearlv eighteen thou sand pounds of bread eaten daily, for the Turks are large bread-eaters, aud this is all baked in the enormous ovens situated at some distance from the palace. The food for the Sultan is cooked by ono man and his aids, and uo others touch it. It is cooked in silver vessels, and when done each kettle is sealed by a slip of paper and a stamp, and this is broken in the presence of tho Sultan by the high chamberlain, who takes one spoonful of each separate kettle before the Sultan tastes it. This is to guard against poison.
The food is almost always served up to the Sultan iu the same vessels in which it was cooked, and these are often of gold, but when of baser metal the kettle is set into a rich golden bell- shared bolder, tbe handle of which is held by a slave while tbe Saltan eats. Each kettle represents a course, and is served witli bread and a kind of rancake, winch is held on a aolden tray by another slave. Trtfe Sultan never uses a plate. Ho takes all his food direct from tbe little kettles. arid never uses a table and rarely a knife orfork a spoon, his nreaa, a rancaKe or tiheera nre found far handier.
It requires jtst twice as many slaves as there aro courses to serve a dinner to mm. CHURCH vkrsus lodge: Alsvrm at the Inroads Made Upon the Church hy the Secret Societies. Congregational 1st. What shall be the attitude of tnecnurcn toward the secret orders which have multi plied ho ranidly throughout the country during tho last few years! With many of our churches no problem is more serious or beset with greater complications. 1 he.
problem would bo simplified somewhat if these organizations were made up entirely of men who have professed no allegiance to the church: but the place which the iodgo holds in the aflections of many a church member is what gives rise to great anxiety. bad though the confession is, it must be acknowledged that some men whose names are on the church roll habitually givo precedence to the secret society over tho church. If the meetings conllict, the successful competitor for their presence is the former. They have no time to spare for the great religious gatherings, liae tnose at Saratoga, but they will go a long distance to be present at a conclave of their fraternity. At the last meeting of the erment Con gregationalisms at Rutland the subject aroused the liveliest discussion of the whole session.
Resolutions mildly depre cating the absorption of some Christians in such interests were set one side, because a few thought that the formal protest would be considered a declaration of war, and would embarrass them in their efforts to counteract tbe baneful influences of these societies. Yet not a man who spoke failed to admit that Christian concerns in his own community were suffering on account of them. Several who live in towns ot only a few thousand inhabitants reported from twenty to forty thriving orders. We "believe that Vermont is not exceptional in this respect. The lodge using the term to include the meetings of the various secret orders will be found strongly entrenched all through the coun try, growing in numbers and power, ana everywhere detaching the devotion of Christian men from the church, and too often, we fear, from the straightforward service of their Master.
Recent figures, carefully compiled, show that Boston has 243 churches to 599 lodges; Brooklyn, 3T3 churches to lodges; Washington, 11 churches to Slo lodges; Chicago. o4 churches to 1,083 lodges, and the same pro portion obtains in other cities. The fact that some of the60 orders em ploy a chaplain and have an ornate ritual, that they conduct religious services and preside over funerals, does not make them religious, least of all Christian, and he who finds his religion and his Christianity at a lodge-room and never feels the need of a church, is wofullv defective in his idea of what religion and what Christianity are. FORGOT CANNON BALLS. Ue Swore llnllets Would Never Kill Him and Won An Incident of the War.
New York Sun. We had with us in the th New York a private named Williams, andfromour very first battle he used to declare: "Boys, the rebs will never mold a bullet to kill me." It seemed as if there was something in it. for while almost everv other man in his company got a scratch now and then, aud every fight reduced the roll-call, ho was never hit. At 1 redericksburg he stood for five minutes alone, with the men on the right and left shot down, and yet ho wasn't hurt. got around to bpottsylvanta at last, and only the day before that fight he cracked his heels together, uttered a crow, and said: "Boys, weshalLbavo a fight to-morrow, and I'll bet ten to one I don't get hit." Next day.
about 10 o'clock, we were ad vanced in support of some Ohio troops which were hard pressed, and, just as we swung into position, the coniederates opened on us with solid shot. I he very hrst ball I 6aw come our way bounded along the ground, and hit Williams on the left thigh with an awful thud. His hip was smashed to a pulp, and he hadn't five minutes to live. Two of us moved him a few feet, propped his head up, and then, as I pnt his canteen in his hands. I said: "l'oor old boy! thought yon had a charmed life, but they've hit you at last." "xes.
I'm done for," he replied, as drank off half the contents of the canteen; "but. you see. I was figuring on bullets, and the cussed rebs have gone and worked in solid shot on roe.77 A Cottage at Newport. Ladies' Home Journal. A few years ago the people talked of a "cottage at Newport:" but now it sounds like the pride that apes humility to hear one of tbe great mansions described in such a way.
Life goes on as if all was made smooth for him who would enjoy, and. in deed, that is really the case. The very rich families the Astors, the Belmonts, the anderbilts, the (joelets and Ilavemevtrs do not hesitate to lavish great sums upon their Newport houses, and to be enter tained there is understood to be much more of a compliment than it would be to re ceive a cam to the most elaborate allair in the city. The finest class and china is up on the table, and chefs, whose salaries go beyond the desirable ten thousand a a year, cater to the tastes that are. possibly, satiated with the sood thines of life.
A dinner-party is quite as formal as one given in the city, the hour usually being half-past 8, and the guest seldom rising from the table before II or half-past I hen comes a dance either at the Casino, or some private house. The fancy is to have a "dinner dance that is, several hosteeses who are friends invite a certain number to dine, and after dinnerall meet at the house which has the best ball-room: a few out siders, usually men, are asked, aud after "dancing all night77 tbe beauties start home as the sun is coming up. makinc the least line of age and dissipation show upon their laces. Garden paities are in votrne. tennis, cro quet, archery and that old-new English game, golf, being played by tho younger set, while the matrons are grouped about, beautifully dressed, discussing tbe pretty nothings that form society talk.
Footmen or primly dressed maids carry trays here and there, upon which are a cool cup of tea, thin wafers, fancy cakes, ices aud occasionally some delicious fruit. When all the world goes out for its afternoon drive. the list is looked over, the garden parties counted, ana my lady considers at which she will stop for a little while, not onlv for a change and to show her own gowns, but to see what other women are wearing and hear what they are doing. The Star in the National Emblem. Philadelphia Presa.
Down at League island navv-rard there has been received the national llag with the new arrangement of ntaia in the field necessitated by the admission of Idaho as a State of the Union. The law prescribes that a new star shall be added to the field on the 4th of July following the admission of a new State. The admission of the two Dakotas, Washington and Montana had raised the number of stars from thirtv- eight to forty-two, and for this number, which permits of seyeral tasteful and sym metrical arrangements, the Army and Navy departments had made due arrange ments. They had prepared new flags on tho basis of forty-two States, but all their plans were upset by the action of President Harrison in signing the Idaho admission bill on July 3. which made all the new flags out of date.
Since that time tho two departments have been endeavoring to discover how to deal with forty-three stars and to save their old ma terial, lhe design emanating from the Navv Department lias been approved by the President, and it is this flag which is flying at League island. It shows sis rows of seven stars each nurt the extra one in tbe tipper left-hand corner for Idaho. It is not a tasteful arrangement of tbe held, but it ill have to do until the next Fourth of July, when Wyoming's star will go into the louver row. and make tho field look moro symmetrical, with eight stars in the nrmer ana lower rows and seven in each of tho intermediate four rows. An Economical Wife.
New York San. "I want an egg-plant." said a young married woman to the irrocer. "Ijm sorry, but 1 haven't one in the store JU8fc UUW. "Well, I must get one 6omewbere, and raise.iny own eggs, for I'm resolved not to pay bucu uigu prices zor tnexn. TIIK fclTN8 IIKAT.
A Theory that Some of It May Be Derived from Friction of Meteor. Good Words. I pointed out that when a shooting star dashes into our atmosphere its course is attended with an evolution of light and hat owing to its friction through the air. We were thus able to account for the enormous quantity of heat, or of what was equivalent to heat, which existed in virtue of the rapid motion of these little bodies. Of course, we only see these meteors at that supreme moment of their dissolution when they into our atmosphere.
It is. however, impossible to doubt that there must be uncounted sboalsof meteors which never col-1' jrith our earth. It must necessarilr 1 ui that many of the other gTeat globes system must, like our globe, absorb itudes of meteors' which they chance -ncounter in their roamings. The num-uer of meteors that will be gathered by a globe will be doubtless greater the larger and more massive be the globe, and this for a double reason. Inthe first place, the dimensions of the net which the globe extends to entrap the meteros will, of course, increase with its tizo, but, in addition.
th more massive be the globe the more vehement will be its attraction and the greater will be tho number of the meteors thatara drawn into its extensive atmosphere. Of course this reasoning will apply in a special degree to the sun. We shall probably be correct in the assertion that for every meteor that descends upen this earth aft least a million meteors will descend upon the sun. As these objects plow their-way through the sun's atmosphere light and heat will be, of course, evolved. It has been conjectured that tho friction of the meteors, which are incessantly rush ing into the sun, may produce light ana heat in sufficient quantities to aid in tho maintenance of the sun's ordinary expend iture.
It has been. even supposed that the quantity of energy thus generated wuy supply all that is wnuted to explain tho extraordinary circumstance that, from ago to age, no visible decline has taken place in the intensitv of the solar radiation. Here, again, is a Question which we muet submit to calcalation. We have, first of all, to determine the heat which could be generated by a body of. let us sav, a pound.
in weight, falling iuto the sun after having been attracted thither lrom an indefinitely great distance. The result is not a little startling; it shows us that such a body, ia the course of its friction through the sun's atmosphere, might generate as much heat as could be produced by the combustion of many times its own weight of coal consumed under the most favorable conditions. The Happiest Moment. Louise Chandler Monlton, in Ladies' Home Journal I am curious to know whether a woman into whose life love has never entered cau ever have been what 1 should call happy. I do not think so.
bho may have found the quiet garden of which content keeps tho keys. She may be reconciled to her fate: and console herself by thinking bow much better oil she is than if she were unhappily married: but such dull resignation is not even hrst cousin to the rapture of joy. 1 am old-fashioned, perhaps, in my ideas; hut I honestly think that real inppiness cornea to a woman hand in hand with lov. When she begins to feel that, with ono man in it, tfce room is full, and empty when, he is gone no matter how many others may remain, she begins to be tremulously, de- liciously. deliriously happy.
But that 13 only the beginning; and if love holds bap-' piuess by the hand, fear stands at the other elbow. A word too many or too few smile that does not go her way and tho girl sutlers as much as she has just enjoyed. Her very soul hungers within her for some dear certainty. Aud when that comes when her troth is plighted is that her happiest moment' She does not think so then: tor she is looking lorward to her bridal morning. The dav of davs comes, at last, and tho new life begins.
Is that, then, the happiest moment! Hardly, for the very most loving; people who ever lived, are not quite one, to uegiu wun, ana tney must learn to live together. A year a year of mutual forbear ance: of getting well acquainted a happy year; and now they look into each other a eyes fearlessly. Ihe3areono at last, and for all time! Surely that is the happiest moment? I made up my mind to say so; but is itf Ah. I think, after all. the happiest mo ment is when love is a sweet, shy new comer, and Hope leads it by tho baud.
LOST. TWO EXPRESS COMPANY'S ErTV'ElXlPEH. contatniDjr promlsnorjr notn snd memorandums. ueinrn anti get reward. ortn rppy si.
1)LANS FOB A HOTjsK. f5 reward, lieturn to 11. F. I1UCBERT. 217 Peru Bireet.
WANTE D-MALE HELP. YfTANTKI) OOD SOLTClTOltS-ON PALAUY. 1IUBER 7fr-77 East Court street. WAXTED-MISCEIXAEOL'8. 7INE PHAETONS AT PLAIT'S, SUCCESSOR to Scndder.
WANTED SALESMAN FOR LINK OP ff eitrars; S76 per month and eiienea rl. Ad. drew with stamn bUMATHA CiUAH COMPANY. CldCipo, III ANTED lU02f.MOI.DBKH CAN SKl'UKK rood lobs by sppljirirst once to 8T. LOUIS CAR-WHEEL COMPANY, Cabanua slret and MifMouri Pacilic Railway, ft, Ixml.
Mo. tlf ANTED THOROUGHLY RELIABLE. fV pufthinc. enersetlo nan. who 1 willir.r to work, desire to make wourj, and will travel, can find oncuin by aidreusaiK JKWthL Dtar- born at Chicago.
ANTED GENERAL MERCHANDISE AND vr drnpatocks. eaw-mlll. Maokniiiith ahona and grain elevator, at tli n-w town of lit -u1 rs on lUm extf naiou 01 tne C. w. A- in Kuan co ind.
vr informauon addresa JAMEa 11. liALl KuahTUle, I no. ANNOWfCKilENTS. FINE SURREYS AT PLATT'8, SUCCESSOR, to Soudder. ASTROLOGY MRS.
DR. ELLIS. HCIENTIFiO astrologer, rends human itlnr bv tbe rdanrta rininir at birttt. All then In trtxtdor bad of life you ran learn oy ronuiung uie uocutr ai twi Mien-lpan street. Office hours: a.
m. to 'J p. tu. I1USINKSS CHANCES. MXE DRIVER9 AT PLAITS, SUCCESSOK to Scuddtr.
financial! fONTJY QUICK TRY II RYAN, NO. 30 CIIU cle tret-1. JmUENTj TTOR RENT NICELYFURNISHKD ROOM! and loard. In private family; mutable for two gentlemen. Call at '26'.
E. Market. FPU SALE. IjMNE l.IVKUY AT riVTTS, SUCCESSOR TO) rudder. 'PECIAL SALE for Monday July Monday.
One large cherry marble-top sideboard for $28. worl One walnut marblMop aideboard for t20w worth f3. antique wood-top aide-board for sin 1 worth r-'L One ten-foot oak-pillar eitention table tot tu worth One eight-foot oak-pillar extension table tor 15 worth ri. Oak lilghbak dininp rjff forfd peret, wort Monday-Juiy ITS Monday. O.
E. WILSON. 77 8. liiiuola St. AUCTION SALK.
A 1TTIOV SALE OF PlAVo A. instil jib, rarpeta. Stovea, eta We 11I on Yuertxf. morning. July iu o'clock, at reaidenee.
No. Weat New York Mm t. one aeveu-octave Knabe plauo. three choice nurble-top tK-droomsultea, rocker, wainut wardrobe, tut table. tatil.
Hm-ael aud inprain cap-eta. matting, tlouble louujfe. extension table, card table, aafe. mra. cook and heu lnc utovea.
bedateada, nrriiiira. idctuiea, aiujtle bertetoada, etc ttc Of BTli fc ilcOumDVi Auouvnvcra. FURSflTURE..
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