The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on February 4, 1956 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Saturday, February 4, 1956
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. LI—NO. 265 Blythevlllc Courier Blytheville Dally News Mississippi valley Leader Blytheville Herald THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AMD SOUTHEAST MISSOURI BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1956 EIGHT PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Report of Money Offer May Delay Vote on Gas Bill By FRED S. HOFFMAN WASHINGTON (AP) — A reported money offer allegedly designed to influence a senator to vote for the natural gas bill threatened today to derail plans for final action Monday on the closely contested measure. . _ I + It also threw deeper m dou the eventual Student Parade Protests Negro At Alabama U. Demonstrating Marchers Chant 'Keep 'Bama White' TUSCALOOSA, Ala. M>|—An estimated 1,000 men students, some chanting "Keep 'Bama white. To hell with Autherine," demonstrated early today against enrollment of the first Negro student at the University of Alabama. The singing, shouting crowd marched to the home of Dr. O. C Carmichael. school president. Tolc he was out of town, about 500 of the students marched downtown and later disbanded. Police described the disturbance last night as "one of those pantj raids," but the cries of members of the group all were directed against the newly admitted Negro woman. Police Escort Benson Raps Demos In Farm Talk Says it Took War to Give Farmers Aid MOSES LAKE, Wash. (AP) — Secretary of Agriculture Benson says that "only through war" have the Democrats been able to bhmv -~" Autherine Lucy, 26-year-old Bir mlngham secretary, Attended her first classes yesterday. She was escorted throughout the day police officers, and there was little evidence of any reaction excep curiosity. ' Lsst night about 11:15 o'clock, however, crowds 01' men gathered around a cross which had been set afire in the center of University Ave.. which bisects the cnmpu.s. Firecrackers and some bombs were set off. After going to the president's home- the crowd marched around the girl's dormitory and then about half — an estimated 500 — walked down to the flagpole in the heart of Tuscaloosa. As they marched ihe students sang "Dixie," and chanted. Several students said police tried to persuade them to stop but did not use force. A student whose name was not learned climbed upon the pedestal at the base of the flagpole and told the crowd. "The governor will read about this tomorrow. We're in accord with the states of Mississippi and Gov. Talmadge of Georgia. We're setting the example for Auburn." Until 2 A.M. There have been no reports of any negroes attempting to enroll at Auburn—Alamarna Polytechnic Institute. Nelson Cole, editor of the student-published Crimson and White weekly newspaper, said that as the demonstrators broke up, there were cries of, "We want no Negro students here." The demonstration lasted until about 2 a.m. The 125-year-old university has a campus enrollment of about 7,500. The university accepted Miss Lucy as a student in obedience to a federal court ruling. Mrs. Polly Ann Hudson, who .ilso sought admittance in a three-year court battle, was rejected by the board of trustees on the basis of her "conduct and marital record." ' Mrs. Hudson, who 1-as a 2-year- old child, is seekinr. a divorce. Attorneys for the woman refused em oilmen! have nsked the U. S. District Court to declare the dean of admissions, William Adams, in contempt. jassed bill to exempt produce n-ices of gas from direct federa control. Sen. Francis Case (R-SD) told a startled Senate yesterday he had rejected the §2,500 campaign con- ;ribution. He said he had been disposed before to vote for the bill- but that he now plans to vote against it. The money came, he said, from a lawyer -vho "was not an opponent of the bill." He did not name him. Demands For Investigation Alarmed senators who have been fighting for enactment of the legislation suggested thp possibility the reported offer to Case was a maneuver to "take away the votes of senators" who were inclined to vote for passage. There were demands for an investigation of wha Sen. Fulbright (D-Ark) called ''a serious charge of attempted brib ery." Fulbright is the Jill's sponsor. Senate Democratic Leader Lyn don B. Johnson of Texas and his Republican counterpart, Sen Knowland of California, were ex peeled to confer today on wha to do in tile situation. Senate sources said the leaders were considering asking for an immediate investigation, perhaps by the Commerce Committee which handled the gas bill. Such an inquiry almost certainly would force a delay in the voting. Until yesterday, Senate debate had droned along for three weeks. Then Case stood up and related that the unnamed lawyer had left with a South Dakota friend of the senator's an envelope containing 25 S100 bills. Case said he learned of this a week ago in a telephone talk with his friend and that the money Was designated as "a contribution for my coming campaign" for reelection. Case said he decided to have "nothing to do' with the money after he ran a check and found the would-be contributor was an out-of-state lawyer who earlier had made inquiries about case's position on the gas bill. The South Dakota senator declined to. identify the lawyer, despite strong urging from other senators. But he declared the,incident had convinced him to vote against the bill, adding that it "tended to support the charges that there were some extraordinary profits" involved in passa tion. BOTTLERS WELCOMED — Mayor Toler Buchanan (right) welcomed Arkansas Pepsi-Cola Bottlers Association President Charles Hawkins of Harrison to the city this morning. Some 200 persons from over Arkansas will be on hand for the first annual meeting of the association here today and tomorrow. (Courier News Photo) Writer Sees No Immediate Formosa War of the legisla- Gov. Faubus Will Speak At Osceo/o Gov. Orval Paubus will be principal speaker Thursday night when Osceola's Chamber 'of Commerce stages its annual achievement banquet. . Announcement of Faubus' appearance was made by Elliott Sar- taln, outgoing Chamber president. The banquet has been scheduled for the auditorium of the County Library and is to begin at 7 o'clock General public Is invited. Tickets are on sale at the Chamber offices In Osceola. •• Bill Thomas will be starting duties as 1956 president of the or- ganiztalon. Such charges have been made by opponents of the proposal. But supporters have contended the measure contains safeguards aimed at keeping producer rates at a reasonable level. "Dead Cat Technique" It was Sen. Monroney (D-OWa), front-rank battler for passage of the gas bill, who raised the question of whether the reported campaign contribution offer was parl of what he called a "dead cat technique" by foes hoping to pul senators into the anti column. He made it clear he was referring to elements outside the Senate chamber. At various times during the debate on the controversial proposal both sides have voiced "pressure' charges. Just yesterday, Sen. Butler >R- Md>. a backer oi the bill, said tha "certain of m: colleagues" hac made recordings for a big labor organization lighting the gas plan He said these discs were being played by Maryland radio stations but that "I will not let anyone pul pressure on me." He did not name the I -viators he said were in-] volved. Sen. Sparkman (D-Ala) said in an interview that "in my 20 years of experience in Congress this gas bill is the most heavily lobbied piece of legislation that I have encountered." He said pressures Pemiscot Cotton Figure Is Down Pemiscot County was running slightly under Its glnnlngs for lost yenr, according to the latest report of the Department of Commerce. Olnnings prior to Jan. 16 were 118.J77 as against 132,730 for last year »t this date. By JOHN 'RODERICK HONG KONG (AP) — Peering throug ii ,_, i ,,_, ,,„,,„ ,.„, 0 the smokescreen of words laid down by leaders of the two Chinas, a correspondent in this sensitive observation post can see no signs of any lie battle for Formosa on the Chinese mainland very soon. * Chou En-lai spoke last Monday of war if necessary to "liberate 1 Formosa. Earlier, Chiang Kai-shek asserted restrictions imposed b; his allies were the only obstacle to his return to China. In Hong Kong, these pronounce ments from Peiping' and Taipe seem much like the ferocious bark ing of dogs secured by the sain chain—the U. S. 7th Fleet. Thos ships tend to prevent a crossing o Murder Suspect Captured Charles Price, 42-year-old Negro who authorities can't seem to keep in jail, was captured at Grider last night by sheriff's deputies and taken to Forrest City to face a murder charge. Price is accused of the 1952 pop- bottle killing of M. C. Catha a Heth, Ark., rural merchant. The slaying, authorities say, was an- outgrowth of an argument between the Negro and Catha . In St. Francis County jail awaiting trial, Price escaped. He was captured soon and sent to Little Rock for observation in State Hospital. Once there, he fled the hospital and was free for nearly two '-ears. He was captured last November on a Crittenden Countyfarm. Third Escape Taken again to St. Francis County jail at Forrest City, Price broke a door in the jail last Dec. 17 and made his third escape. Last night Mississippi County deputies Clyde Barker and Cliff Cannon,, at Osceola, were told by j Negro that he had recognized Price as a man living in a farm house at Grider. At midnight the two men, with St. Francis County officers, surrounded the farm house of Johnny White, a Negro living on a farm owned by Clifford and Earl Gillespie. They knocked at the door and by the time White answered, Prico had hidden in an attic loft. Barker went to the opening and called to Price, "We've got tear gas down here and we'll use it if you don't come down." The Negro made his way down and surrendered meekly to the lawmen. He was unarmed. Senate Agri Group Okays Price Tag On Soil Bank Plan Formosa Strait by either side. Pressure on Us Then why all the ominou. words? Probably both sides ar trying to pressure the Unitec States into making up its mind whether to defend the offshore islands—Quemoy and the Matsus— now held by the Nationalists. Such pressure has been applied before, but the United States has steadfastly rebuffed efforts to force a decision. It is possible—perhaps even likely—that the Reds may probe further to tip the U.S. hand by attacks on some of the smaller offshore islands garrisoned by Nationalists—the Tan Islets south of Amoy. Wuchiu between Amoy and the Matus. Kaoteng or the White- dog Islands in the Matsus. All appear on only the most detailed maps. At the same time, Peiping presumably calculates any stirrings on the Formosan issue will provoke fresh anxieties in London and bring new pressure by the Eden government for ' ' "' the idea of any tionalist islands. -any accomplishments for the farmers. Benson, who yesterday began a ist round of appearances in eastern Washington in behalf of the administration's farm program, adds that "no political party can take credit for high prices during war unless they Want to take responsibility for the bloodshed and inflation of war." In a speech last night Benson said "I did not become secretary stand idly by wringing my ds while our farm families suffer year after year of economic decline." "Neither did I become secretary to espouse programs and policies that won't work." "Won't Work Out" The administration's farm program includes a soil bank proposal to cut production. He said a plan to give surplus crops to needy people overseas hat been discussed but that he didn't think it could be worked out. Benson said a recent television program on farm problems by Edward R. Murrow "presented a completely distorted picture of agriculture. He referred to Murrow's "See It Now" show CBS Jan. 26 whicl opened with a scene depicting an Iowa "farm auction." Murrow said it could be described as the death of a small farm. Complete Distortion Benson said the scene was ! complete distortion and that thi farm was not for sale. Benson has asked CBS for net work time to reply to the "Sei It Now" presentation. The Agriculture Department yes terday made public a letter Ben son wrote CBS President Fran* Stanton asking time "to set th record straight on several irnpor tant points." Benson appeared on the pro gram with Murrow but wrote tha .„ "felt that the few minutes al oted to me for comment were in adequate to clear up what I dis tinctly feel was a distorted im abandonment of ... _..., U. S. aid in Na- defense of the offshore Massed On Coast if solid political Even if solid political advantages are not produced, Chou gains in propaganda for Asian consumption and in a morale boost for Red See FORMOSA on Page 8 St. Francis County officers said they'll hold Price for trial—if they can. "have been exerted on me both sides." from Ike Relaxing At His Farm GETTYSBURG, Pa. W) — President Elsenhower Is taking it easy this weekend — not especially concerned, from all indications, about Russia's latest move to get a friendship treaty with this country. Symington Move Starts in SeMo Pemiscot County's Democratic Central Committee has adopted a resolution urging the state Democratic delegation to nominate Sen. Stuart Symington for the presiden- B. P. Rogers of Caruthersville, chairman of the central committee, said the group was unanimous ir\ endorsing Symington and is the first central committee in the state to take such action. White House Press said the President is Secretary "painting, reading • and walking around his farm" and ha? not been In touch with Secretary since Thursday. of State Dulles That was the day Russian Premier Nikolai Bulgnnln sent Eisenhower ft second note renewing his once-rejected suggestion of a two- power treaty. There was no indication how aoon Elsenhower tould reply. The President and the First Lady visited the Adams County Courthouse here yesterday'to register for voting In the November election. School Traffic Survey Is Scheduled A special survey of school safety and traffic problems Will be made by the traffic engineering firm which has been retained by the city. Mayor Toler Buchanan said today he has obtained approval from Traffic Engineer Adrian Koert to include as a part of his firm's service to the city, a separate .report on school traffic and crossings. Buchanan pointed out that this job will not cost the city above the regular fee it already has committed itself to pay. The school phase of the report will be made later, in all probability, than the complete city traffic and parking recommendations which are due later this month. 'WASHlMiTUN By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON ) — A billion-dollar price lag on lire WAbiiiiNLriuiN trtrj — n. uimuu-uuiiai V IM .c. 5 u .. ...»"arMimstraUon's soil bank plan received general approval today from members of the Senate Agriculture Committee. Undersecretary of Agriculture True D. Morse told the committee yesterday plans now call for asking farmers to take 44 to 50 million acres out of production. The government would pay them from 800 million to a billion dollars. Payment to individual farmers would vary widely under the two- part program. For diverting land rom wheat, cotton, corn nnd rice, they would receive half this year's support price on the crops they could have expected from the diverted land. Under a longer range program for planting grass and trees, they would receive $10 an acre rental, plus 80 per cent of the cost of replanting — an average $9 an acre. Favorably Impressed 'I think most members of my committee were favorably impressed," Chairman Ellender (D- La) on the Senate Agriculture Committee, told newsmen. "It's more generous than some expected," said Sen. Aiken (B- Vt). senior GOP member. Chairman Ellender called the committee back into closed-door session today for " tentative decisions" on major new legislation. features of the . In advance, Eflender reported a majority of his 15-member group favored dropping- the present flexible farm price supports in favor of a return to former higher rigid levels. That could cause a time-consum- ng battle later on the Senate floor. The Senate reversed its committee in 1954 to put the flexible supports into operation at the urging of President Eisenhower and Secretary of Agriculture Benson. First Estimates Morse, giving the first cost estimates on the soil ban kprogram, told the committee ihat between 455 and 650 million dollars Would go to farmers who agree to divert between 19 and 26 million acres this year from planting allotments for cotton, wheat, corn and rice. Morse estimated another 350 million dollars would be needed to pay farmers who took an additional 25 million acres out of any farm cropland. This is the longer term conservation reserve for planting trees and grass. These payments would be In ad- dition to the 250 million dollars Congress already has authorized for the Agricultural Conservation Program now operated under older farm laws. Ellender said that local and state farmer committees, who now administer ACP and other federal programs, also would handle the soil bank program. He said the department Would need an extra 75 million dollars to pay administrative costs of the soil bank program. . The Agriculture Department announced, meantime, that it has more than 11 billion dollars tied up in surplus farm commodities, government storage bins, and deficits on price support operations and subsidies. It said it has left less than 800 millions of its 12 billion dollar authorized price support pool. That amount should be enough to carry out commitments on last year's crops, but more money may be needed if 1956 brings further crop surpluses, the department said. Red China Proposes Parley on Indochina iression of farm conditions CBS has not Indicated what po sition it will take on the request Vickrey Request KO'd by County Court Refuses To Allow Funds For Secretary CARUTHERSVILLE — Majority vote of Pemiscot County Court resulted in no appropriation of extra funds for Prosecuting Attorney James (Tick) Vickrey to continue paying a secretary. The prosecutor asked for a total budget appropriation of $8,557.44 for the year. But he was awarded $6.632.44 — $1,925.00 less than his request. While the prosecuting attorney's salary is $5.287.44 a year, an additional $1,345.00 will be for office supplies and expenses. The court allowed a special appropriation of $1,000 last year for payment of a secretary's salary. When that money ran out last August. $668 was donated by residents of the county through two weekly newspapers and directly to Vickrey. The money from donations will reportedly run out in the middle of this month. 5171,000 Budget The County Court's total appropriation for the county proper stands at $111,156.74 lor the year. The budget was approved and signed by Judge Sam Buchanan of Caruthesville and Associate Judge B. E, Barksdale oi Caruthersville. However, Associate Judge C. W. Reed III of Hayti refused to approve or sign the budget. He said he felt the amount asked for by Vickrey for a secretary was necessary and should have been allowed. The prosecutor has "no comment at this time" on the dispute See VICKREY on Page 8 Egypt Gets Red Bombers; Peace Action Is Stirred By WARREN ROGERS JR. WASHINGTON (AP) — Diplomatic sources said today Egypt has received from Communist Czechoslovakia 40 Russian-built Ilyushkin bombers — some of them already flying. Awareness of this new capabili- By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON (AP) — Red China has formally proposed to Britain and Russia the calling of a full dress conference on Indochina. This would bring Premier Chou En-lai and Secretary of State Dulles to the same conference table. The Chinese proposition was dis-*- —— "~™~~ cussed during the Eisenhower- geden conference here earlier this week and it is understood that British officials agreed with U.S. officials to oppose it. The proposal was made to Britain and Russia as cochairmen of the Geneva conference on Korea and Indochina which was held in the spring and summer of 1954. It was at that conference that the Indochinese state of Viet Nam was divided between Communist and anti-Communist groups after the French government decided to end the long Indo China War. Consultation The agreement provided for consultation on elections to be held throughout Viet Nam, both the free and Communist sections, in Mid-1956. The consultations were supposed to begin last year. So far the parties have not met. Officials here believe the Chinese Communists have seized on this situation to try to get a high level Far Eastern conference going. The officials say the Reds appear to be seeking every means of building up their prestige and that a chou-Dulles meeting is one of the devices they are trying to employ. Number of Nations The kind of conference they are now suggesting -would include a number of nations. Nine countircs participated in the 1954 Geneva conference. They are the United States, Britain, France, Russia, Red China, Cambodia, Viet Nam, Vietminh, and Laos. Red China has proposed that if dlis group is brought together again India, Poland and Canada should be added. Those three make up the International Control Commission which was charged with seeing that the 1354 agreements were carried out. First Phase of 'Deep Freeze Ends By SAUL PETT ABOARD THE USS ARNEB, In Ross Sea Wl — Operation Deep Freeze 1 began to evacuate from the antarctic today, leaving behind two nearly completed bases. With Adm. Richard E. Byrd aboard, the Arneb steamed north through McMurdo Sound into the Ross Sea behind the Icebreaker Edisto. The veteran explorer who is returning from his fifth antarctic expedition, said the building of bases »t Little America «nd Mc- Muvdo Sound In the past two month* holds great significance. "I think this represents the open-1 will continue on to the United ing of a continent," he said. "I think that from now on there will be permanent bases down here. This expedition showed it can be done." The Edlslo will turn back to survey Ice landing field possibilities at Cape Adare for next (all's air operations. The Arneb heads home by way of New Zealand, .Australia, Italy and Spain. To Leave Monday The Icebreaker Glacier and cargo ship Greenville Victory are scheduled to head north from Me Murdo Sound Monday. The latter States while the ice breaker return from New Zealand with a fuel barge which will be frozen into the ice at McMurdo. Feb. 29, the Glacier will start around the Knox and Wedell coasts to survey future base sights. Then it will head for the United States. The Edisto will leave McMurdo Feb. 22 for the United,Stales. The Icebreaker Eastwintl will leave McMurdo Feb. 28, drop the last mall at Little America, then head for the United States. The oil tanker Nespelen will lenve McMurdo Feb. 29 and return home by w*y at New Zealand. Number Eight Farmer Termed A Suicide 0. R. Cranford. about 60, shot and killed himself early yesterday at his farm home in Number Eight community, south of Cooler. According to John German, coroner at Hayti, Cranford left a note giving ill health and financial difficulties as reasons for the suicide. German said the bullet, from a .32 caliber pistol, entered the left temple, passed through the head, and rested under the skin at the right temple. , Cranford's wife was in the yard outside the farm house when the shot was fired. The mnn formerly owned a store in the community. Body Is at German Funeral Home, Steele, where funeral arrangements are being completed. Cranford Is survived by a brother, living near Dell, and n daughter, said U) bo llviug in Arizona., ty, it was said, was a factor in the urgent call by President Eisenhower and British Prime Minister Eden this week for new efforts to preserve peace in the Middle East. In their conference communique, Eisenhower and Eden proposed discussions with the French, under a 1950 three-power agreement, to decide on joint action which \vould best prevent any violation of the Arab-Israeli truce lines. They again denounced the Soviet bloc's 80-million dollar sale of arms to Egypt as having "increased the risk of war." Agreed to Talks France has agreed to the proposed talks, which probably will ;tart here next week. Israeli Ambassador Abba Eban is expected to ask the State Department again next week for approval of Israel's request to buy 50 million dollars in U. S. defensive weapons. Israel is reported to have set February as "crash month" in its drive to" buy U. S. arms. Eban is expected to tell the State Department continuing delivery of Czech arms to Egypt makes Israel daily more apprehensive about its defenses, especially against air at- tack. Diplomatic sources which reported Egypt has now received 40 bombers also said about 25 or 30 Russian-built MIG15 jet fighters are in Egyptiar hands. It takes about 15 minutes to travel by air between Cairo and Tel Aviv. Emphasize Air Defense Israel's arms list, as assessed by the Pentagon after its submission two months ago, emphasizes air defense. It includes radar warning equipment, antiaircraft gulls and P86 jet fighters. U. S. and British officials striving to avert any Arab-Israeli hostilities have expressed fears that the spring months will be critical. Eisenhower and Eden announced no definite plan except to consult with France. It was believed, however, they settled on the idea of keeping U. S. and British forces poised in the general area. That would include British troops on Cyprus and the U. S. 6t.h Fleet in the Mediterranean, available to intervene to thwart any threat of border violation. Circuit Court Session Ends Circuit Court completed its calendar Friday, following three weeks of civil litigation. Next sesson begins Apr. 2. taking up the criminal docket. Ike Salutes Boy Scouts NEW YORK (/U—President Eisenhower today saluated the Boy Scouts of America on the eve of Boy Scout Week — Feb. 6-12 — marking: the 46th anniversary of its founding In the United States. Elsenhower, honorary president of the organization, said in a message to the Scout National Council the growth of the scouts "gives heartening assurance that . . . our nation will continue to have citizens prepared In body, mind and character to serve It and to further its strength nnd progress." Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS— Cloudy with occasional light rain or drizzle this afternoon, tonight and Sunday, little change in temperature. High this afternoon, 38 to 40; low tonight, 30 to 34. MISSOURI—Freezing rain warning extreme southwest; partly cloudy north, considerable cloudiness south this afternoon, tonight and Sunday; occasional rain or drizzle extreme southeast and occasional light freezing rain or freezing drizzle elsewhere over south portion with local glazing likely extreme southwest: no important change in temperature; low tonight 5-10 extreme northwest to lower 30s extreme southeast; high Sunday upper 20s northwest to 30s extreme southeast. Minimum tills morning—34. Maximum yesterday—36. Sunrise tomorrow—fl :55. Sunset today—5:32. Mean tomperaturc-~30 precipitation 24 hours (7 a.m. w ' i.m.)—.04. Precipitation Jan. 1 to date—B.M. Thl! Date l.a«t Ytlr Maximum yesterday—*2. Minimum this raomlng-M. Precipitation Jan. 1 to daw—1.»,

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