The Marshall News Messenger from Marshall, Texas on August 29, 1969 · 8
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The Marshall News Messenger from Marshall, Texas · 8

Marshall, Texas
Issue Date:
Friday, August 29, 1969
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eV til - cr.. - t: a - Money Fence Two hundred thousand students may have . trouble jetting over too money fence onto ; campus this fall M a direct result of congressional pique over campus unrestTWs " is th number of young people likely not to get student loans because me House failed, before recessing, to make loan-granting attractive enough to banfc. ' . . The Senate had done Its part. It had supported a "bonus" system that' would add up to 3 percent to the present 7 percent Interest . the government tuW guarantee. The current 7 percent celling simply isnl realistic In today's money market, with banks able to earn 10 to 12 percent on safe commercial loans. But the House four times balked on speeding the rate-increase bill through. Both in the Rules Committee and on the floor, members waiied to take up the campus disruption issue.' It would have been wiser for the House to have followed the : Senates example and to have kept the .disorder question. apart from the emergency loan bill Some 750,000 students depended ( on the , loan, program last year, borrowing $670 million. This is scarcely t a government giveaway: It's a sound Investment , hkh will be repaid manyfold-not only in .paid .lackJbut..Jheaterpruc; tiviry of the recipients. The ITesident has suggested that banks go through with the loans, saying eventual passage of the administration-sponsored rate boost is likely. We hope banks will act on this suggestion or, indeed, take on the student loan program as part of its social responsibility as has the Chas Manhattan Bank, granter of 10,000 such loans. .. If anything, borrowing will play an ever larger : role In getting young folk through college. In addition to the 670 million Insured loan program, the government now sponsors another $625 million In loans through the , National Defense Education Act, the Educational ' Opportunity Act, and college work-study program. The Senate has urged that another $270 million be added to these programs In the next two years. , But even Oils measure of larger government support M'ont keep pace with the costs of going to college. Tuition is expected to rise 20 percent over the next couple of years. Loans make the biggest difference to lower income students. On every count- the House ' should promptly pass the loan measure when it meets again. '. : ''," ' , , . Direct Voting Sen. Birch Bayh .of Indiana, in the face of apathy that increases with distance in time from the last election, has renewed his campaign for direct popular election of our President. "As we all know,, if there had been a change of 'ess than 42,000 total votes in New 'Jersey, Missouri and Alaska, no candidate would have received an electoral vote majority,, and thus 'the people of America would not have elected a President on election day 1968," Bayh said."" "... It is essential that action be taken before we experience an actual crisis that , could shake the very foundations of our democracy." Reform of the process, by which we elect a President is certainly due. That reform actually should begin with the precinct convennn-tions irt a presidential election year, giving the ptople a chance , to begin the selection of a presidential candidate, not just the choice between Tweedle-Dee and Tweedle-Dum in the general election. Presidential, nominating conventions must reflect ' the democratic process at its best, not its worst. But the direct election of a President is not without its disadvantages. None, of its. proponents for instance, has ever , satisfac T torily explained, how candidates could enter primaries in 30 states and not end up beholden to a number of , special interests for . the tremendous campaign funds that would be needed. A' slightly less drastic approach might better commend itself to Congress and the states which. would tave ,to ratify a constitutional amendment changing the manner f the election. One of the most obvious inequities of the present system, for instance, is the winner-take-aTJ rule. In its place a system of proportional weighing should be adopted. Then each candidate would get his share of electors in proportion to the vote he receives in each state. Also, electors should be bounded by law to vote in the electoral college for the candidate he was named to represent, avoiding fiorse-trading. - " History proves that Congress can rarely be persuaded to take draconian measures in such a sensitive political sphere as the selection of a President A more modest approach, one that could be undertaken without a constitutional amendment, is more likely to succeed. EtoEws Messenger .Marshall Evening Messenger Established June 9, 1877 Marshall Morning Nerws Established Sept. I, ,1919 (Th ttwlof cbovt represent the view ntf eptnloru ef the Hews Meuen. - tf.l The tinned column, article! ond letter the ed'tor eltewher en this page represent tr person views, at the authors. They may agree or thee mar conflict wit the views of the News Messenger, Tbey are presented In on et tort to after varied viewpoint on the Issues of the day). I Editorials And Features DAVID LAWRENCE End of War Cash WASKCS'GTON-Most people have imagined that, ' if the Vietnam War came to an end, there would be many billions of dollars available each year for social welfare. It 4urns out that this is an illusion and that almost all of the money which would be saved by a termination of the conflict is afready sheduled to be spentc already scheduled to be spent on existing projects. The news came, out after a three-hour conferene by the President with his advisers, during which they disussed a special study which had been made. It indicated that not much of the 25 billion dollars a year , being spent for the Vietnam War would be vailablt for new welfare programs. Daniel P. Moynihan, assistant SMOKING HOLMES ALEXANDER Doors to " WASHINGTON, D.C."- They ought to lock the Pentagon doors to keep the valuable men inside, and not to keep them outside. You feel this in an interview with David Packard, 56, Deputy Defense Secretary. He's a rangy, rugged electronics tycoon, a personality and physique you could imagine playing pro football linebacker. When Packard was-nominated by President Nixon for this post, there were yowls about potenial conflicts-of-interest. A cabal of Senators, students, professors and clerics tried to . lock the door a.'ainst his entrance into the Defense estaVishment. Packard didn't mind the senatorial ' quiz, which he thought was justified. He didn't object to the press coverage of the hearings. He .concedes that young people, along with their academic , and ecclesiastical advisors, may rightfully wish to see successful executives bolstering welfare Instead of warfare. All of this he found easy to take. But for Packard, and others of his kind, this sort of controversy can have a bad side-effect It stirs up the kooks.. It invites the cranks to an invasion of privacy. The unpleasantness tends to bar able men from the entrance to public service. Packard is like Thomas Carlyle when It comes to accepting life as it is. "By gad, you'd better," Carlyle said. Packard doesn't expect the anti- military mentality to go away anytime soon. There's no sense in railing against it; you learn to live with it. Packard believes the Vietnam War is a large factor in driving adolescents of all ages off their rockers, but i tisn't the only factor.. Even if we weren't fighting in Asia, we'd be in the cold war competition that theoretically takes money away from social investments. The military budget would still- be in the neighborhood of JS0 bUHon (we aren't building all the weapons systems that we 'should build), and there '. still would be wasteful. blunders in procurement and testing. These -.1 y" Pentagon to the president for urban af- fairs, talked with the press after the conference with the president, and declared that the study of future requirements as well as authorized appropriations Indicated that budgets are going to be higher each year. Ht said it would not be realistic to expect that big , sums would be available for any new projects because the funds would be almost entirely consumed by programs "already on the books." He referred to medicare, education, proposals to share ' revenues with the sfates,,. and various- military expenditures for equipment or research now under way. All this is a significant example of how little the public - knows -about the financial affairs of their government Indeed, Congress is not too MORE, ENJOYING IT LESS . m Ought to Lock Keep Good Men "mistakes' are" inherent Iri the ' elephantine bureaucracy that's necessary to support military growth and experiment. The elephantine bureaucracy, however, is not going to panic under the flea-bites of criticism. If an elephant had to catch a train, as Kipling wrote, it wouldn't hurry, but it would catch the train. Secretary Packard knows what the Nixon timetable is, and knows how the Defense Department will meet that schedule. The Vietnam War Is being - phased out but sot on the Clark Clifford plan which called for chronological and arbitrary w i t h d r a w 1 . Instead, the disengagement is geared, as the President has said, to the ability of Saigon to take over the ground fighting, to progress in the Paris talks, to evidence that the " Comrmmists are- quitting the battle area. Only the first and third of these three conditions get serious consideration at the Pcntpgon (the Paris talks are discounted), and the thinking is based on an assumption of success, not- of failure. It's as- - sumed that a trained and iu-pplied Army of Vietnam can replace the- U.S. expeditionary force In due time. And It's assumed that unacceptable casualty rates will eventually force the Communists to break off their Invasion. Marshall News Messenger . MARSHALL PUBLISHING COAPAKV BOX 730, MARSHALL TEXAS, 7Wt Publlthetf Dotty Except Sotvrtfey Entered m Secen4 Com Motter at me Past Office of Morholl, Ton enow Acf Congreu, Morch, )V. Wonholl Evenlno Mo(jr. e(Mjhd him I, il7? Moneioil Mermng Newt ejtatriUhed Sep'emeer I, WILLIAM Mu. tUtlCDIPTION RATtl 8 Cwieri, Evening on SunUev. one yor t31 M. er 1.75 pr month. Sunooy only, en year I? 00, 75c rr month, ty moll, Evenmj on SunOov. one yeor 15, l'.S per month. Single cop: Doily, Kte, Sunday lie. ------ By MoH BrYOn lot mMet OuetH en Ktauesf An erreneoul reflection upon the chwocter, ttan4int or reputation of env InOfvWuol, firm or corporation which may occur Hi the coHimm ef The Marshall Newt Meuenger will be corrected upon, beinf brouottt fa the atiention of the itiher. The Marsheft trw Mwenor H not mpontlbie for the return of untoHchX , monucrlpt er one topi otiht. The MorfhoU New Meuenper tt not rewannpte for copy error, typaorapnicol orrort or any antnterrnonol orror fhot may occur In eoVermma etner than to correct k) Mt Hue after H ti treugnt to their ottentton. . ; . The Aaoctatod tre It entitle' euluehrely to via for repwbtictlt of oil, local new ormttd m thU paper et well o AP newt tpatcnet. MEMBCR OP TMf AStOCIATIB Petit, TfXAl DAILY MCWIPaPf ASSOCIATION, SOUTH lW NEWSPAPERS PUBLISHERS ASSOCIATION. rlARTE-rlAMKS NEWSPAPERS AND AUDIT tURfAU OP CIRCULATIOH. Already Allocated familiar with them, either. The reason is that, when an appropriation biH is passed, it doesn't always designate the year in which the funds may be spent, but merely authorizes the expenditures. In order to find out what the budgets might, be for each of the next five years, a careful examination of the existing authorizations -would be necessary as well as a projection as to when the atual expenditures will be made. Congress, of course, can stop any authorizations and refuse to expend more money. But on medicare and education, the chances of such action being taken are remote. In fact, because of the increasing .population .lU? fflff in many instances the amount of money needed will be even - M M B m v "The student-faculty-church group protest may subside from sheer exhaustion, hut the military establishment . Isn't counting on that It's counting on contingency plans. For example, Harvard, Dartmouth and Columbia are withdrawing from the ROTC program and other Ivy League schools may follow. The Defense Department would much prefer to select reserve officers from the prestige universities where entrance standards are higher, but is quite prepared to shift the ROTC Irogram to small colleges which would welcome it. Some big universities have refused to do research on classified weapons system, and the Defense Detainment is prepared to place these lucrative . dependent contracts ia-Uiu laboratories, Congress is questioning the Pentagon's need for so many overeas bases and aircraft carriers, but so is the Defense Department. Secretary Packard is chairman of the Committee on National Priorities, and he may .have a iMvaluatiottjof national needs before Congress does. The country ought to demand that Pentagon doors open easily to brainy and dedicated men like Packard who too often are made to feel like burglars. WOOOYFublieheiL : X larger than what has already been authorized. '- The state and city governments are frustrated by their lack of revenues to take care of hard-pressed areas. Members o f ' Congress are urging "priorities." which merely means , that some worthy projects would be set aside. President ) Nixon in outlining earlier, this month his new program of manpower training and enlarged proposals for welfare together with a reduction in taxes for lower-income groups mapped out a plan which each year will require more and more revenue. One subject that is not, too readily understood because1 of its technical nature is the search and development being . . th n. JL, ment with respect to future weapons and military contingencies. There are demands, of course, that some of these projects be curtailed, but here also the work done with the money already spent would be of little use unless the research were continued. , While many members of Congress and state and city . officials are disappointed to learn that the ending of the Vietnam War will not make available to them much more revenue, if would take a totf-siderable amount of time to overhaul existing programs and determine "'priorities." The trend probably will be - toward a gradual Increasing of tax rates in .order to derive more. revenue for the federal government. It would not be mirprising if the tax surcharge or an equivalent were retained beyond this year, because it is riot expected that the Vietnam War will be ended in 1970. The ..expense of maintaining a substantial, force in Vietnam will probably be large for another two or three years. Those members of Congress who have been anticipating that the ending of the Vietnam War would . produce a surplus to finance various, domestic projects are calling Mr. Mbynihan's report on the special study a piece of "bad news.'" But as the gross national : product increases and industry is given incentive to expand its facilities, - the government . may be. able .toM collect higher and higher revenue in the ensuing years. LISTENING By LAWRENCE MALLOY Lord, belp ; me to use the criticisms I receive as light on ways in which I need to grow. "DO NOT REPROVE A SCOFFER. OR HE WILL HATE YOU: REPROVE A WISE MAN, AND HE WILL LOVE YOU." -Proverbs 9:8 (R.S.V.) Guest Editorial MOON ARGUMENTS Prediction: By the end of tills year, the following interrogative sentence will be comoleted bv h u n d r e d s - and perhaps thousands Of demands: "If we can put a man on the moon, why can't we. . .?" It may well prove to be the most popular opener of all time. Montgomery (Ala.) Advertiser Hatlo'sThcyllDo It Every Time IflSAlLa ' HP THOSE 60 V) PLAYOUTTWslSk A 6TRINS FAST L wl CRDSS ' k tt&XrfA BAR IS TOO CXf FEET0P CUV-iCCTri LXW-VADIW1!) SsDaM'Qf KID USED 7:T!d RUM FAST . OKaYV MTOTOUKHIS i j LA A rxw4- yUSPH (If r experts ufDl' Jw '(A V3JA1D STARTED HCKIV' !QC7Z fx . KZsd ' hjI yco knevv showing. IvrViS I m -m VK aV s . jr... , w f .LI i ae-fc -8-A - Friday,"-: August 29,1969 " ' CR0SSW0RO PUZZLE ACROSS 32. Grunting ox S4. Operated 1. Bristli 35. Beneath S. Favoring 37. Sma4J 8. Dove's note 39. leg joint 11. Heckelphone, 41. Composition 12. Genus avena. 45. Detriment 13. Vandal 48. Commotion 14. Confirm 49. Soldiers 17. Young ox 50. True olives - 18. Virus 51. Swab 19. Butter 52. Wapiti .' container 53.Young salmon 21. Automaton ' . ; ? 24. Point .D0W), .; . 27. Aurora 29. Glacial 1. Employer - siwwf itld 2. Adjoin SO. Edge ' 3. Garment M N' I' I- www? W m!? h " Psprfiae 25 PJiln. Af Newifeotwea The Neighbors If . ! as "I'm off to school early, Mom'. I want to be sure Jp get a good seat near my friends." . V Off the BOB -(-"DORIS "Bob, look how close W " .'!-";' 'U H".'.l'' , ' rronrcrme." Page Of Opinion aTct egasifei.Qi? fTf rIbHIR.e5u ZJASUfJoHRr' REEQPAYni? W aIctualEIs h ale r tTKTEg) 6igT6AT SOLUTION OF YISTIWAY'I PVZZU 4! Surround 5. Blue grass 6. Jingled 7. Dog fishef 8. Compartment 9. Abroad 10. Equal . 15. Factual . 16. Inflexible 20. Youth 22. Eggs 23. Halt scon 24. Warp yarn '25. Exasperation 26. Sissy 28. Adage 31. Handsome .. monkey 31 As.ti.'. 36. Cuneui 38. Bar lefalty 40. Malicious 42. Sp. dining hall 43. Dyeing apparatus 44. Long period oMime 45. Weir 46. International languagi 47. Inquiri 1-2? Record 1 i . -1 a t .... i that Idiot is driving in ' '' - I

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