BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS I DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTKKAAT ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. LI—NO. 263 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leadtr BlytheviUe Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, FEBUARY 2, 1956 SIXTEEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTg Automobile Keeps No.l Killer Title 38,300 Deaths Is National Tallin 1955. CHICAGO (AP) — Traffic accidents killed 38,300 Americans in 1955 — one of the heaviest .tolls in history. The motor vehicle held Its perilous place as the No. 1 killer in accidents. The National Safety Council today reported that last year: Accidents of all types' broughi death to 92,000 persons, injured 9,200.000 and resulted in $10,300,000,000 in financial setbacks—such as equipment and property damage, lost wages and medical expenses. Traffic accidents alone cost 38,300 lives, approximately 1,350,000 nonfatal injuries and $4,700.000,000 in terms of cash. Last year's motor vehicle death total tied with the 1953 toll for the third highest on record. It was 1,669 under the all-time high of 39,969 reached in 1941 and approached closer to the 39.643 registered in 1937, the runner-up year. j « Per Cent Gain The 1955 traffic toll showed an 8 per cent gain over the 35,586 total of 1954. Traffic deaths rode a steady ward trend last year, and zoomed to record holiday heights during the Christmas period. The December toll of 3,960 was the largest for any month since December 1941. The growtti of population and tee increase in travel also figure in ccmparisons. The 1955 death rate per 100 million vehicle miles was estimated at 6.4. That was 2 per cent higher than in 1954— which had the lowest rate on record. The number of deaths from all kinds of accidents—92,000—showed .an increase of 3 per cent over the 89.432 recorded in 1954. Motor vehicle fatalities were responsible for the increase. Home accident deaths numbered 27,000, a slight decrease. Accidental deaths at work adde'd up to 14,200, a slight increase. Deaths in public but not involving motor vehicles made a small -gain. Under Levels The all-accident death toll was substantially under the levels at- See TRAFFIC on Page 2 Base Council Group Named Top City, BAFB Men Are Listed Five local officials and businessmen and five Blytheville Air Force Base officers have been elected P.S a Policy Committee which will conduct the affairs of a Base-Community Council. The Council will operate similarly to others in cities adjacent to or near Air Force Bases. Chief objective is to integrate Air Force personnel into the various phases and activities of community Me. Members of the policy committee are Mayor Toler Buchanan; S. E. Tune, president of the Chamber of Commerce; County Judge Philip Deer; E. M. Refenold. president of First National Bank; B. A. Lynch, president of Farmers Bank and .Trust Co.; Col. Robert W. Paulson, BAFB commander, and Col. Gordon 0. Timmons, Lt. Col. D. K. Smith, Maj. Donald Anderson and Capt. Rex. Fuller. The mayor and air base commander are co-chainnen. They were chosen, yesterday by a steering committee of local men, appointed specifically ^ to select members of the policy Committee. Policy committee members were selected with respect to position held in the community and at the air base, rather than on the basis of the individuals themselves. Jada McGuire, secretary-manager of the Chamber of Commerce said. Acting as a co-secretaries of the Council will be McGuire and Capt. Fuller, base personnel officer. , Four committees to govern all phases of the Council's work wjll be named tomorrow. These committees will work under the Policy Committee's guidance but will deal with problems and projects as separate groups. Pqlicy Committee will meet once each- month. In Municipal Court Two sentences for drunk driving were handed down In Municipal Court today. > Air Force Sgt. Charles L. Johnston pleaded guilty to drunk driving in a state case'and was fined $100, costs and sentenced to 24 hours in jail. In a city case, N. J. Eoff was found guilty of the charge. He was fined 1150, cost* »nd sentenced to 34 hours In jail, Chester Holly was sentenced to pay $79, costs and was sent to jail for. 10 days for stealing a watch from. Thompson's Jewelry store. He WM oonvlotod lor petty ttieft. FRIEND OR FOB — That white stuff that fell recently in Greenville, S. C., kind of puzzled 13- month-old Joey Jordan who can't recall seeing snow before. So he sits down to examine it more closely (center) only to find that snow can be uncomfortably cold. At right Joey sets up a howl for someone to rescue him from the "bad" stuff. It was Greenville's first snow of the year — 1/10 of an inch deep. Scientist Hints of Powerful New H - Bomb at House Probe WASHINGTON (AP) — Congress has received a hint that a hydrogen bortlb with 2,500 times the power of the atomic weapon that blasted Hiroshima may be at least in the planning stage. - ' . ", Confirmation that something is going on in that field came yesterday from Dr. A. G. Hill, professor at Massachusetts Institute of Technology and scientific director of the weapons evaluation group of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. 'Punxsutawney Pete' Sees His Shadow- More Winter Ahead PUNXSUTAWNEY, Pa. (AP) — Punxsutawney Pete, a grizzled groundhog, poked his snout into the air atop Gobbler's Knob this morning, barked a double-barreled forecast and dived back underground. The groundhog had seen his weather. shadow, an omen of more winter come. The time was announced officially as 8:33 a.m. This was specified as Eastern Standard Time for ease of decoding in faraway places. But Punxsutawney Pete set a precedent by departing from his expected weather opinion to touch on a new topic. He kept It short and to the point, jus* four mono,one squeals. "Bad weather; good business." Pete wasted no time getting back Into his hole. The day started with four inches of snow, turned nto rain and finally 'into slush. Pete skidded a couple of times in the slush and decided "That's enough for me." Just how Pete managed to see his shadow under overcast skies was only known to limself and his backers. Forecast Clear Pete's faithful followers had no, difficulty explaining the weather 'orecast, pointing with pride to the ;radition that if the groundhog sees his shadow— he's supposed to Je frightened by it- returns to slumber on Feb. 2 he through six more weeks of winter hibernation. Without the shadow to frighten him, Pete should have stayed on .he surface to await early arrival of spring. "Our best guess on the business prophecy." said the spokesman for :he Punxsuta "ney Groundhog Ulub, "is that the rumblings of what's been going on here on the •surface must have rattled the roof if the groundhog hole." New Factory Punxsutawney, he explained has been scrambling for its economic in recent years. Mines that once were the business backbone of the town of 10,000 have closed and forests that were the heart of profitable lumbering business have been cut away. But a major replacement has been found and the dedicatipn of a new §300,000 factory was'sched- iled this afternoon as a highlight of Groundhog Day. To be operated by Superior Meter Co., the plant soon will begin production of gas meters. We're pretty excited," the club spokesman said. "There's been ot of jumping up and down about he good news and I guess that's how the rumbling got to Pete. "Just like him to add anoUiei lure thing to his prophecy. He knows he can't go wrong on that, any more than he can on the "Pete only predicts what he knows will come true." Tenley Albright- Wins Olympic Figure Title CORTINA D'AMPEZZO, Italy W| —Plucky Tenley Albright fought back the pain of an injured leg to win the Olympic Women's ;igure skating championship today and give the United States a sweep of Individual honors in the event. Miss Albright, a 20-year-old pre- medlcal student who conquered an attack of polio as a child, is the first American woman to become the Ilgure skating queen. This Is the first time In M ye»ra that one nation has made a sweep of both men's and women's competition!, Sweden iMt did It In 19JO. Boy Scouts Take Ovor City Feb. 10 BIytheville's Boy Scouts will Lake over the city government one week: from tomorrow ,it was announced today by officials of the Scouts and Ihe junior Chamber of Commerce, co-sponsors of Scout Government; Day. All official capacities of the government will be filled by the boys elected representatives. They'll actually be "in charge'' only from 1 to 2:30 p.m. however. The rest of the day, they'll spent in learning how the city and county government, functions. Sponsors pointed out that Scouts must report to their classrooms on Feb. 10 prior to being excused from school. Here's the schedule: 8:30 —Report to home rooms at school. 9:15—Y auditorium City Hall. 9:30 — Convocation, greetings from city, county officials. 9:45~Tours of municipal, county offices. 11:00 Instructions in Y auditorium. 1:00 Operation of government be- 3:00 Refreshments and resume of activities in Jaycee clubroom. Tokyo 3rd Largest TOKYO l»—The Tokyo Metropolitan Statistics Bureau said today Tokyo's population was 8,048,619— third largest in the world—as of Dec. 1. London and New York are more populous. The atomic scientist was a witness before a House Government Operations subcommittee in a hearing aimed at strengthening civil defense. Chairman Holifield D-Calif) commented that he believed a study in which Hill participated had mentioned a hydrogen bomb that would "go up as high as 50 megaton." Hill nodded agreement. The matter was dropped without any elaboration to indicate whether such a weapon has gone beyond the stage oi' theory. Range Unlimited Various scientific sources, however, have suggested that the hydrogen bomb can be made in virtually unlimited power ranges, with little more trouble, than the addition of more material. Such suggestions, however , have been by mention of ttu delivering a huge accompanied difficulty of bomb. In the hydrogen bomb the energy release comes from the uniting of atoms of a light element, such as hydrogen, to form a heavier material. In the atomic bomb the energy is loosed by splitting the atoms of a heavy element such as uranium 235. The atom t bomb Which flattened Hiroshima was estimated to have the energy equivalent of 20,000 tons of TNT, and American A- bombs are understood to have gone far above that level in tests. A megaton is a million tons of TNT, so a 50-megaton weapon would have 2,500 times the power of the Hiroshima bomb. The Atomic Energy Commission reported last November the Russians had set off a hydrogen blast "in the range of megatons" and published reports abroad said it was.between one and five megatons. Speculation set the power of the enormous American blast at Bikini Atoll March 1, 1954, as high as 15 to 17 megatons. That explosion caused a small island to disappear. Norway Ignores Russia Demand OSLO, Norway W)—Norway apparently will wait for a ruling from her courts before taking action on Russia's mildly worded demand for the release of 14 Soviet fishing boats seized as poachers by the Norwegian navy. The Soviets termed the affair a misunderstanding. The Red trawlers were rounded up this week in the rich herring banks off the west coast port of Alesund. Norway protested formally to the Soviet government that her waters had^ been invaded by ' about 75 Russian trawlers. Eisenhower Gets Letter From FDR Request On Colin Kelly's Son Delivered By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH WASHINGTON (AP) — A famous letter Franklin D. Roosevelt wrote 10 days after the 1941 Pearl Harbor attack to "the President of the United States in 1956" has been delivered at last to Dwight D. Eisenhower. The World War n President's letter asked consideration for "the merits of a young American of goodly heritage — Colin P. Kelly HI—for appointment as . cadet in the United States military at West Point." Young- Kelly—then an infant and now a 6 - foot, 15-year : old high school sophomore—is the son of Capt. Colin P. Kelly Jr.. the United States' first hero of the war, killed in a b ombing mission in the Pacific a few days after Pearl Harbor. Now in High School Colin m lives at Concordville, Pa., near Philadelphia, with his mother and stepfather, Mr. and Mrs. J. Watson Pedlow. He attends Westtown Friends School, a Quaker institution. The White House said today that official inquiries, made with the approval of President Eisenhower, indicate the youth "is interested in going to West Point." , But he will have to wait at least another year and a half, when he will be 17, to be eligible for admittance. Shortly after Roosevelt wrote his letter Dec. 17, 1941, it was sent to the National Archives here for safekeeping. • Through Channels About two weeks ago the national archivist, wayne Grover, dug it out of the files and sent it through White House channels to Eisenhower, a 1915 West Point graduate. In a telephone interview from her home, Colin's mother said the youth.— known as "Corky"—does want to attend West Point, and "so far as I know has never thought of anything else." Mrs. Pedlow discounted the Idea that he might decide to go instead to the new Air Force Academy in Colorado. She made a. direct appeal that there be no "excessive amount of publicity." "Please," she added, "just let him grow up normally. He is entitled to that." Revenue Office WillHelp^ou Until April15 The Department of Internal Revenue's field office in BlytheviUe will be open every Monday until April 15, from 8 a.m. to 12 noon, to assist in the preparation of incomes tax returns, it was announced today. .The office is located in the McWaters building. Three types of service will be offered. 1. Telephone help for those who prepare their forms at home and only have a limited amount of problems. 2. Self-help furnished in the office. (An assistant assembles a group of taxpayers with comparable problems and instructs them, step-by- step.) 3. Forms will be filled out for those incapable of doing their own. The office urges taxpayers to file early so that forms can soon be processed and refunds quickly made. More than 18 million dollars was refunded in Arkansas last year. Ike and Eden Endorse Mid East Peace Moves Joint Statement Acknowledges Some Policy Differences Exist By JOHN M. HIGHTOWEB WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower and Prime Minister Eden have endorsed new measures to prevent another Israeli-Arab conflict, warned Rod China against "aggrta- sive expansion" and cautioned neutrals about Communist "enticement." Climaxing a three-day conference on global cold war issues, the President and tiw British Prime Minister issued a summary statement and a "Declaration of Washington" laying down the principles and general aims of their.policies. - • --' * * * * * * French Welcome Proposal for Big 3 Middle East Talks PARIS (AP) — French officials today welcomed a U. S.- British proposal for Western Big Three talks on the troubled The tone of both .documents was firm, reflecting: the dashed hopes born at last July's summit conference for an end to the cold war. The emphasis, nevertheless, was on peace. Eden and Eisenhower rejected any thought that the East West conflict should "be resolvec by force." "We shall never initiate vio lence,' 'they said. The joint statement frankly ac knowledged "some differences' persist in the two governments policies in the Par East. If specific and concrete actions were decided upon, there was no announcement of it. The statemen and the policy declaration amount ed In general to a reaffirmation of established policies. Settlement Needed Eden and Eisenhower voiced determination to try 'o stabilize the Middle Bast. They said a settlement between Israel and the Arab states "is the most urgeo need" for that strife-ridden region They accused Russia of hayini "increased the risk of war through the sale of Communis arms to Egypt via Czechoslovakia nd declared that "our purpose 1 to mitigate that risk." They directed that the Frenrfi government be invited to take par three-power talks to char possible actions under a 1950 dc claration by the three nations. Tha document pledged joint action in the event, force is used or threa tened in Palestine. The French were advised be fore the statement was issued. As suming they agree, the talks t< plan new steps are expected to be held here in a few days. Appeal to UN Informed officials said measure^ which will be considered includ an appeal to the United Nations b put a peace-keeping military force into the demilitarized zone be tween Israel and the Arab armies policing of the area by forces o the three powers, such as the U.S trade embargoes and economic and financial sanctions. American officials said the) would not consider the introductiqr „ Soviet troops into the Middle East, even under the U.N. banner, is a contribution to peace. Eden scheduled brief talks a) the Senate and the House today. Tonight he speaks to the nation by radio and television. Tomorrow tie holds a news conference before leaving Washington for a visit to Canada. Among the highlights of the conferences, as pieced together from official sources as well as from the formal statements: 1. Eisenhower reportedly ob- .ained an understanding that Eden will continue to help stall for another year on the issue of seating Red China in the D.N. This was a main Eisenhower objective Compromise Reached . 2. A compromise was reached on den's proposal to shrink the list of goods which Britain and more than a dozen other countries refuse to sell to Bed China. The United States has a complete embargo on Red China trade. Under he compromise the embargo list will not be automatically brought into line with the shorter list applied to Russia but will be reviewed. Some items like rubber may be taken off. 3. The two leaders agreed that testing of hydrogen and atomic bombs will be continued on the theory that when properly conducted such tests create no hazard See IKE on Page f. Big Ones Are the Best, But; AIDC After Any Kind o/ Industry By TOM DYGARD LITTLE ROCK (AP) — Heavy industry affects a peoples' pocketbook like bread and gravy affects the tummy, and small industry compares to lettuce. Arkansas'- tummy, unaccustomed to an industrial payroll, is being fed lettuce — the low- paying industries like lumbering, food processing and garment manufacturing. • There's very little bread and gravy — the high-paying industries like petroleum and steel— to fatten the paycheck. Bui lor >' state Ilk* Arkansas, trying to gain its first foothold in the Industrial world, Industry is Industry, says William P. Bock, director of the ArkunsM Industrial , Development Commission. "No industry is a detriment. 1 says Rock. "We are concentrating on everything, and taking advantage of all opportunities." Small Caliber True, Arkansas' Industry mainly is the small caliber type. It calls for unskilled workers and, naturally. P»ys lower wages. The result is that Arkansas' average Industrial paycheck is quite a few rungs below the average of some of her neighboring states. ^But as Rock sees It, Arkansas is neither subnormal nor backward because of this.' The state Is in the normal position in what he calls a "natural pattern." Simply put, the "natural pattern" Is this—first, no Industry; second, a low-paying industry thai pul,i unskilled workers on the payroll: third, a heavy Industry that require* •killed laborers and pays] higher salaries. The ideal position, of course, is the third stage but, Rock says, "Some places are desperat* for any kind of a payroll." Purjxne of AIDC That is te purpose of the AIDC. It was brought into being by the 1955 Arkansas General Assembly to coordinate efforts to attract new industries—and their payrolls—to Arkansas. To a state In Arkansas' position, the lower-paying industries offer two distinct advantages: 1. They are easier to obtain. 3. Even if. they don't offer the kind of wages that lure workers Into the »re», says Rock. "They at least prevent » continuation of the exodus." And a possible third advantage, and higher-paying—Industries generally follow the lower-paying ones Into an »r««. It'» pirt of Uu "nit- ural pattern." Arkansas, with about one of every three of its Industrial workers engaged either in the low-paying food, lumber or furniture industries, stacks up pretty sadly with its next door neighbors in cold statistics. 154.23 Average For example, In a recent monthly report, the U.S. Labor Department said Arkansas workers earned an average weekly wage of $54.23. That was an increase of $2.54 a week from the previous year. But the average in Texas was $77.46, in Oklahoma $75.06, and in Louisiana $71.05. The difference lies, says the Arkansas Economic Council-State Chamber of Commerce, In one tiny word—oil. In a recent report, the AEC-8CC 8e« AIDC MI Fate 1 Middle Eastern situation. New Hampshire Primary Battle Lines Drawn Only Eisenhower And Kefouver Are on Ballot 1 CONCORD, N.H. UV-Final battle lines have been drawn for the first- in-the-nation New Hampshire presidential primary elections March 13. On the popularity side of the ballot. President Eisenhower is unopposed as a Republican and Sen. Kefauver -D-Tenn)—uncontested as a Democrat. In the balloting for control of the state's delegation to the national conventions, however, both face opposition. The Eisenhower slate will be pitted against one pledged to Sen. Knowland R-Caltt"), who approved the move as a "standby" candidate. Refauver's pledged backers are confronted by a slate favorable to Adlai Stevenson, the 1952 Democratic nominee. Deadline for filing" in the preference poll phase passed at 5 p.m. yesterday. The preference poll is merely "advisory" for convention delegates. The deadline for pledged dele- See PRIMARY on Paye 2 * President Eisenhower and British Prime Minister Eden: in a joint Communique issued yesterday at the end of three-day talks in Washington, said the invitation to the French had been extended under the May 36, 1950, three- power declaration on Palestine. The Big Three agreed at that time to take action inside and outside the U.K. if either .Arabs or Israelis threatened to" use force to settle their dispute. Cultured latcrat French officials said France has "immense" cultural interests and a "very important" economic state in the Middle East . In Bonn, an official spokesman for the West German government called the Eisehower-Eden com- munique a "declaration of 'fundamental and worldwide significance." He added that West Germany was particularly gratified by reaffirmation of U.S. and British support for German reunification, a joint warning that any attack on Communist - surrounded Berlin would be an attack on IKS"" Western powers, and the continued recognition of Bonn as the only legitimate German government. Answer to Threat In Taipei, Chinese nationalist officials interpreted the Eisenhower- Eden pledge to "deter and prevent aggressive expansion by force or subversion" as a reply to Red China's newest threat to take Formosa. Red Chinese Premier Chou En-lal recently renewed his threat to seize nationalist-held Formosa "by war if necessary." At Bangalore, India, touring V. N. Secretary General Dag Ham- marskjold said "serious proposals" for using U.N. forces to patrol Tense Israeli-Arab border regions should get full consideration. Don't Need Solid South, Truman Tells Newsmen NEW YORK (AP) — Former President Harry S. Truman today voiced the opinion that the civil fights question would cost some Southern votes for the Democratic party in this year's presidential race. "But," he added, "we don't need a presidential nominee at the par- the Solid South_to win. That was proven conclusively In 1948." Truman spoke to reporters accompanying him on his usual early morning stroll. He is here to address a party dinner tonight. He indicated he intends to take an active role in the selection of Pemiscot Health Center Studied CARDTHERSVILLE— Next regular meeting of the Board of Trustees of the Pemiscot County Health Center will be open to the press, delegations from various cities, interested individuals, civic organizations, and Chambers of Commerce, according to W. W. Chism of Hayti, chairman of the Doard. All such groups have been invited to the meeting at 5 p.m. Monday at the county court room at the Court House here. Plans for the new health center building will be presented, includ' ng floor plans, pictures, and size of site, Chism said. Any group wishing to present suggestions concerning the building and site will be given the opportunity to discuss their Ideas, he stated. Bibles Not Taken DALLAS (^—Two young bandits ast night stole the car of Bible salesman James K. Burns and used it to stage a grocery store loldup that netted them $43. When he car, which they later abandoned, was recovered Burns found none of his 27 Bibles, 24 necklaces nscrlbed with the Lord's Prayer, 5 Bible-story books or numerous srosse* had been tak«n. | ty's convention in Chicago. "Better Watch Me" Asked if he would "do any politicking" at the convention, Truman replied: "You had better watch me at the convention. You can't keep the harness off an old fire horse just because he's retired." He said he would not be a Missouri delegate to the convention but would go as a "visitor and free agent." Other activities on Truman's schedule today included a visit with Sen. Estes Kefauver (D-Tenn), an aspirant for the Democratic nomination. Weather ARKANSAS — Cloudy with occasional rain this afternoon and Friday, possibly turning to freezing rain or snow tonight and Friday ant 1 in northwest Arkansas this afternoon. MISSOURI—Partly cloudy northwest, cloudy east and south and colder this afternoon and tonight; light snow southeast and extreme south this afternoon; snow east and south tonight, Friday considerable cloudiness with snow south and central; low tonight zero to 10 above northwest to 15 : 20 southeast; high Friday generally in the 20s; to 10 above northwest to 15-20 southeast; high Friday generally in the 20s. Minimum this morning—tt. Mnxlmum yesterday—3ft. Sunrise tomorrow—fl:57. Sunset todnyT-5:30. Mean temperature—37.5. Precipitation 24 hours 7 A.m, to I ti.m. 1—1.75. Precipitation Jan. 1 w data— 8.01. TMi Dite lint Vr«r MRXlmum yesterday—58, Minimum this mornlnn— ». Jin. 1 to d«l«-l,J».
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