The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on May 16, 1944 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, May 16, 1944
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fttf *«(.-*,,*, , ti sva, uab , etotho v, areffortt U 0 Boy Scouts «•,„„,„«< your Scrap , opflr cmy ^^ BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS , THB DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NOBTHEABT ARKAN8A8 AND R on,,,,, u ,, ^J^T ^ ^ '*-* f " *-> VOL. XI,I—NO. <)9 n ii h! i n ally i NCWS Blythevlllo Herald BlyllievUlfl Courier Mississippi Volley Lender ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI — — ARKANSAS, TUIiSDAY, MAY 1C, ]<M-I SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS"-. •••% M| m m £± M H — ^^ - ~ " oimius UUHES FIVE CENTS-< FRENGHJPPROACH ADOLPH HIRERllNi School Finances On Sound Basis As Year Closes Teachers' Pay Raised; Nicholson Re-elected For Another Year TjMiiks lo ii higli rate of tax collection ami increased revenue from all sources, Blythevillc schools will close the year in good nnnnclnl con- clillon with nn estimated surplus of ?I5,3l2, according to flic annual re- ix>rl prepared by Superintendent W. B. Nicholson, who lias been elected by school board members io serve (mother year. This surplus is in addition to $5,150 which Mr. Nicholson recommended be paid local school teachers and other employees at llic end of the year, which proposal was favorably voted by llic board. The payments were five per cent of each employee's animal salary and were made in an effort to bring salaries of local teachers somewhat nearer the standard of wages prevailing in oilier business and professional lines. Furthermore, regular teachers and school officials, all of whom were extended contracts for another year, were promised slightly higher salaries next year since indications are that school revenues will be somewhat improved. Mr. Nicholson pointed out that salaries already have been boosted from a minimum of S85 per month to $107 for grade school teachers, and that Junior High teachers' salaries have teen increased from $105 to $112 per month. High school salaries .have teen increased from a minimum of $110 to $122. Salary Adjustments Made - "Tlin>e-' adjustments of salaries were made during the year,' 1 ' Mr. Nicholson reported. "The. first two were prompted to help teachers more nenrly meet the increased cost of living. The thtrd was from the revenue; received from the Teachers' Salary. Aid Puna." '.' ' •ib'r 's-.ilury'jiic'i-eases next year'sycre approved 'by the board. They' were based on an anticipated teacher salary fund of $75,582. School revenues this year were higher from practically all sources, fjocal tax collections exceeded buti- ( get estimates. Tho state apportionVL: ment was estimated at $12.50 per '" capila in the budget, but it has been fixed at $15 gross. Poll tax receipts amounted to $1606 as against SiOOO estimated.. Nothing -was 'anticipated in the budget from the Teachers Salary Aid Fund which produced $2369. Another entirely new additional item was $900 from the Vocational Education office for Distributive Education. The Vocational Education Department also furnished an increased amount, two- thirds instead of one-half of Ihe yearly salary of the Vocational Agriculture teacher. Anticipated revenue from local tax receipts next year will be $59,450, based an assessments totaling $3,1106,510 and making the normal allowance for commissions and delinquents. Total receipts for next year from all sources were estimated at $129,132, counting the stale apportionment at $40.500. Expenses Eslimalcil Total anticipated disbursements . next year were 'figured at $115,,. 351. which would leave a balance H< on hand at the end of the next " i.chool year of $13,781. Chief disbursements were listed as follows: General control $5,750; salaries $71,414, materials $1,831, operation -$7,667, maintenance $3,306. fixed charges $1.823 and debt service $22,720. Tho report mentioned the fact that the .school system lias been able lo acquire equipment for the NYA shop valued at approximately $3,500, based on government prices. Tliis was done on a loan-use basis without expense to the schools. It also pointed out ..that the Vocation Education office furnished a Teacher-Coordinator of Distributive Education In January for the remainder of the year at a salary of J900. It added, however, that if tills work is continued next year Iho schools may have to pay one third of that salary and that $600 had been included in the estimated budget for that purpose if the work is carried on. In making plans for next year, Mr. Nicholson explained the necessity for employing one additional worker In his office because of Increased record references for Army and defense plant officials, FBI and Civil Service Commission representatives and because of ill- creasing demands by the Slate De- Sppartment of Education for monthly, semi-annual and annual reports, payroll complications caused by stale and national deduction requirements and by constant teacher turnover. The board also agreed to this request. "These demands have run as high as 13 questionnaires from cue big company in one day, and fome calling for records dating back as far as 1010.'" the report said. Improvement Planned Next year's' ljudge.t,vfor ntalnten- (Continued' or\>(,page 3) Bishop Relents; Fr. Orlemanski To Be Forgiven i SPRINGFIELD, Mass., May 16 (UP)— Bishop Thomas M. O'Lcary has lifted the suspension which he hud'imposMliipon Father Stanislaus Orlemanski because of the priest's much-criticized mission to Moscow. Tlie suspension was lifted after the bishop received from Father Orlemanski a letter which he described us a complete apology. Bishop O'Lcary' had suspended Ritlier Oi-lemnnski for going to the Soviet Union and conferring with Josef Stalin without obtaining the required permission of his superior. Sergt. Nichols Pacific Hero, Hurt In Auto While the God of Mars smiled on Master Sergeant William H. Nichols when he was dodging Jap bullets for two years in the Pacific' thea- ler, the patron saint of travelers, Christopher, was not so kind to the Mississippi County hero, who suffered a severe arm injury in ,111 automobile accident near his home at Kelser about 11:30 o'clock Friday night. Undergoing treatment in Kennedv General Hospital for three breaks in his left arm received when his car, enroutc from Reiser to the Nichols home north at the town, struck an unlighted trailer parked on the road, the soldier's condition was reported improved todiiy. it «*..« not believed that his win will b.! amputated, as it was first tcnrcc because of the seriousness of tHl breaks. An incision has been made from the wrist to the shoulder, the first of probably a series of operations to the injured arm. Scrgean' Nichols was nlone when the accident occurred. While the soldier is recuperating in. the Memphis hospital, a .job started last year', by a Pacific isle, "witch doctor", will be finished when doctors remove the remains of a bullet which lodged .In Sergeant Nichols' heel when his Flying Fortress which was carrying out a bombinj mission over Japanese territory, attacked by eight Zeros. . It was during this raid that Ms .'hip was shut down and he anil his eight companions spent 66 bar- rowing days inside enemy territory until their rescue by n Navy seaplane. A native "doctor" on a small Pacific isle removed part of the'bul- let, using a jagged piece of glass, some warm sea water, and a handful of sand as his medical equip ment. For this mission Sergeant Nichols was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. He Is also the recipient of the Air Medal and Oak Leaf Cluster, the Silver Star and Order of the Purple Heart. • A serious injury to the left arm also was received by Sergeant Nichols' brother, Corp. C. L. Nichols, whose plane crashed last year in England. He, was later discharged from the Army because of Injuries received in the crash. Both men arc the sons of Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Nichols of Reiser and brothers of Mrs. W. Leon Smitii and Mrs. Harry Wccdman of Blytheville. 'Victim' Fount/ Unharmed Despite 'Confession' COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo May 16 (U.P.)—An Army private from Canton, Ohio, Joseph F. Hollingsworth, signed a confession to murder today, but it turned out to be either a case of hallucinations or a hoax. The supposed murder victim, his bride of four months, was found alive and well In Seattle, Wash., where Holiingsworth had told police the murder occurred. A Seattle detective told the United Press: "The alleged corpus delecli is in my office, and a pretty little thing she is, too." Mrs. Holiingsworth was the former Miss Mildred Jones, also of Canton, her husband's home town. She had been working in a Seattle beauty shop (o be near the camp where her husband as stationed. Holiingsworth, who said he was a veteran of 26 months service in the Aleutians, went quite a bit into detail in his false confession, made to police at Colorado Springs Colo. He lold how he had strangled !ils bride after an argument and had stuffed the body Into a trunk, which he discarded on the countryside somewhere near the Washington-Oregon border. Mrs. Holiingsworth told police today that at times her husband had "funny Ideas." Roll Out the Airfield Roof Catches Fire The roof of a two-room house on the corner of Franklin and Cherry was Ignited about 11:30 o'clock tills morning when B spark rom Ihe Hue fell on the shingles. Damage to Hie roof was estimated by Fire Chief Roy Head at $10. The property is owned by Mrs. Conley Brown of Fibs, HI., and occupied by Mts, Myrtle Petty tmd amlly, N Salesman Held On Theft Charge Liffle Rock Youth Accused Of Taking Loot In Missouri Charged with the* theft ot a diamond ring valued at more than S100 a $04 - wrist watch, a lapel wutch and a sllver'cigaretle case from » Kehnett, Mo", home, Gearl Wright of. Little; Rock,-,17-yenivold •inaga- ?.ine salesman, was returned 'Saturday to officers In Missouri after he was arrested at a local hotel here Saturday. -His five companions, wlio were working with htm in selling magazines in Southeast Missouri ami Ihe rural sections around Blythevllle were released last night from the county jail where they had been nula for investigation since Saturday. The youth's were arrested at the local hotel after'county officers had been notified of the theft of the articles from the Kennctt home. The watches and cigarette case were recovered Sunday in Little Rock in possession of Al Hoffcn- berger, who worked with the sales Broup until he 'was discharged Thursday. Deputy Sheriff Don Hn- iey quoted the Wright yputii as saying that Hofrenberger removed the jewelry from Wright's suitcase und took it to Little Rock with him. Hoffcnberger waived extradition and was returned lo Missouri authorities Sunday, officers said. Mr. Haley said that a cigar box two-thirds full of pennies also was found in the hotel room, which Wright told him he had taken from a home in Steele, Mo. Other Jewelry in his possession had not been identified today. George A. Brown Dies Yesterday Near Hermondale George Arthur Brown died suddenly yesterday morning at his home near Hermondale, Mo. following a heart attack. He was 10. Mr. Brown came to this scclion Ihrec years ago from Dayton, Tcnn.. where he had lived for many years. He was born in Kingston, Tenn. He leaves his wife, Mrs. Sallic Brown; five sons, Harry Brown, Frank Brown and Chester Blown, all of Blythevllle, John Brojvn in Ihe Army stationed at Port Cus- ler Mich., and Robert Brown of Paint Rock, Ala.; six daughters, Mrs. Emerson Edgeman of -Athens. Tcnn., Mrs. Kim Edgeman of Ten Mile Tcnn., Mrs. Jack Grubbs. De- caliir, Aln., Mrs. Pinley Taylor, Dayton, Ohio, Mrs. Morris Brov n of Chattanooga. Tenh., and Miss Thelma Brown of Blythcviile, and two brothers and two sisters. Funeral services and burial will be held tomorrow »l Dayton, Tenn. Cobb Funeral Home U in charge ot arrangements. Arkansas Briefs — rauilithite runnim; for Ihc nf- fire nf garcrniu-.' of Arkansas, Will Slcel of Tcxurkiina, .iiiis officially opened |]f s campaign. Slcel spoke on the grounds of (he l.wkcshurj; High School Insl night, in his aililrcss lie proclaimed himself' a rcsolulc foe of biirt-.-iut-r;u:j- and a fiiaimcli advocate of rlj;id cco- noruy in slafe government'. HATKSVIU.K — Voters will ilcclilo whether Independence Counlj- iha'ii 1> C ' wol or dry when Ihcy^ gn! lo Ihe noils today. ..••'Volfhg is expccfcrt lo hi' lic.u-y on the question nf whether liquor shull be sold legally or nnl, IIATESVILLE— An investlga- lifii nf repnrls thai Bcltr Viimlercllck left home because nf mistreatment by her foslcr falbcr will take,, place tomorrow. Miss VamlcrcJIck who was the object of a sear oh by stale/ guard unils for three days is 1" a Balesvlllc hospital and lien foslcr falhcr, Eddie Vanrtcr- "lick, Is being held pending llic. invcsligatlon. Miss Vainlerrtick was foiiiui In n liarn where she had sficnl Hit! nlghl. Senate Votes Measure For Simpler Tax WASHINGTON. May IG (UP) — The Senate Finance Committee today unanimously approved the House-passed tax simplification measure. Committee Chairman Walter P. George, Democrat, of Georgia, said nc hoped to place tile bill before the senate Friday. It may be pn.is- ed this week. TJie Finance committee made several technical changes In the measure in which Ihc House is cxpccled to concur. George said none of Utem would alter House- approvcd tax rnles or withholding tables through which some 30,000,000 taxpayers would bo placed on a 100 per tent current basis. The committee also considered but delayed action on the House approved bill lo raise ihc Government's legal debt limit from 210 billion dollars lo 240 billion dollars. 7hc Treasury had asked a 260 billion dollar limit. New York Stocks Livestock ,„ LOU IS, May 16 (U.F.)-Hoss Jon nJ Ealabl « U0f>r top $13.70. 1HO-280 (yiuiids $13.70; HO-160 pounds. $11.00 to $12,00; sows $11.00 lo $11,15. , Cattle 2,700; salable 2,500; calves 1,800 all salable; mixed yearlings and heifers $14.25 lo $15.60. cows >10.00 to $12.50; canners and cut- .ers $7.00 to $9.50;-slaughter, steers $1050 to $10.75; slaughter heifers $D,75 to $lfi.OO; stocks nnd feeder steers $D.75 to $14.00. A T & T ., Amcr Tobacco Anaconda Copper .. Beth Slccl "Ihtyslcr Gen Electric ,.~ Gen Motors Montgomery Ward . N Y Central Int Harvester North Am Aviation .... Republic Steel Radio Socony Vacuum Studebaker Standard of N J Texas Corp Packard U S Steel ... 157 3-1 ... fil 3-1 ... 25 1-1 ... 573-1 ... 84 5-H ... 355-8 ... 58 3-8 ... -12 1-2 ... 175-8 ... 72 ... 8 ... 16 1-4 ... 9 ... 12 1-2 ... T> 7-3 ... 51 3-n ... 4734 ... 4 ... SI 1") Chicago Wheat open high low close pr.cl. July . 165'tt 165% 165'i 165S 165 Sept, .162 162>i 162 162% 161% Chicago Rye open high low close pr.cl. July , HD-% i20% 119% .120K HO?! Sept., Heft 117'i 116% 117?4 116Vi Baptist Leaders Open Convention 99th Annual Session Attracts Thousands In Atlanta Today ATLANTA, May 10 (U.P.)—The Southern UnptlsL Convention, 09th In the church's history, hiis begun in AUanlu. Thousands of-Baptists Jire In the city f.-<r (lie meeting, clergymen "and lay -.Icadcr.q. Tlits fe.ssion Is expected lo develop-plans for the church's course dining the remainder' of the wnr nnd the rurly poslwin- ycuis. Convention -President Pat Nctf, a former governor of Texas, opened the convvntibn with an appeal lliat the church- keep clear of what he termed Hie prapngcindn of dlshvnlty.'-.Amcricanisin, and no other Ism. should make Its np- pearuncn In the pulpils and the Sunday Scliool rooms. "We must not win the wnr nbrond and lose democracy at liotiic,'- Neff warned. "We must keep the church and school belts riiiBlng." He urged Dmt the nation not be bound by |ls territorial ilm- ils In Influencing Ihc world ol lo- morroiv. While the convention' president spoke, a report from n commlllce was being prepared,. chin-guifr thnl nllcmpls arc bclnu made lo limit the influence of Baptists in Latin America. Tlic report by Doctor Everett Gill, foreign mission board' secretary for Latin America, charges that the Itomiin Cntholle Church is combatting ami thwarting the work of Baptists In South America. And Gill says lliat the Cathoiic Church Is being aided by many Individuals- in Miners of high authority in the United States [;ovcrn- mciit. Evidence cited by Gill was lo the effect that white Protestant missionaries nrc having difficulty' In obtaining passports, sonic 200 young American priests iiave been permitted lo go lo Latin republics —without difficulty. And a rc|»rt from Ihc committee on Negro ministerial education proposes that SS.OOO be given by Southern Baptists each year, to each of thirteen Negro Baptist colleges. Doctor James Buchanan ol Birmingham will preach tlic convention .sermon this afternoon. And sessions will continue through Thursday. Planters Bank Is Opened At Osceoia Monday OSCEOLA, Ark., May 16.—Ycs- lerday marked the formal opening of Ihe Planters Bank, which was attended by visitors from throughout Mississippi County and bank representatives from St. Louis, little Rock, Memphis and Nashville. Former Congressman W. J. Driver Is president of the new bank, which has a capital stock listed at $75.000, and surplus at $25,000. Arkansas Hank Commissioner T. W. Leggelt said that this was the first state bank chartered by the commission this year. The Australian dingo, a curious dog, exists In that country both as a domestic and a wild animal. The* "windy city." Chicago has an -average wind velocity of 12 Chinese Drive On Burma Front Shows Progress 4 Columns Advancing Along 100-Milo Fronr West Of Salweon River NKW DKUIl, May in. (Ul')-Tho IHW Chinese offensive In soiilli- wcslern ChhiH Is golnc slronu, | I/our powerful columns urc iid- viinclni! oil I ho nuroiii frontier lloiiK a 100-mile front west of luu Siihwcn rim: And tlic northern Chinese winy already \ tm broken IUTOSS steep mountains to u point within 10 mllos of Ihp border. American wiirplancs are ulavlmj « major 10)0 In inn liupoiiunt offensive, l-'ixhlor-boinum are nhiil- lllnu buck anil forlli overhead Blrqllnij nud'Ixmililnii Hie .liipniuw!. The enemy is milTcrlng heuvy cas- tiiillle.H mitnumlwrliu; the mine-so two lo one. " ' Culled Tliiic-Snvcr At Uird Moiuitlmtlcn's hcadriuni 1 - IOI-K, the Chinese offensive, first major drive In seven yeaivis hulled ns 11 valuable lime-saver. Observers sny 11 will iniiko the eiimpnlKii in clear llic Japs (nun noitheni iiur- mti n matter of weeks instead of mouths. If tho drive is fjiicccsatnl, the Allies will be able u, i C (>) re , x Uic old iJmnm road mid Join It with Ihe new Ixidn road now , Ijelnr luicted nut of the juii(!le. : So fin 1 , the outlook Is good. Tin: Chinese tire estimated lit have nix lo eight divisions, fiO.OOQ to HO 000 .men, available for. this cnjnpnliin iilonc. Against Hint force, till! Jnp- nneso nrc.Uiouiihl l<> lutve only purls of two divisions and a possible third In reserve. Considered l.asl Ve ; ,r ! Hendqunrtcrs.spokesmen aho revealed Unit.the offensive wns considered at the Allied contoi'onco In Quebec, last,'.year. -The project wiis abandoned 'temporarily but apparently revived when Ihc weakness, of .l.iipntlfse •; positions'*;))!'--"northern niirinn.bpcnmc evident. ' ,, . In eastern Indln, the Urlllsh n|i- pcur close to c'omplelc vlctory.it Koliliim. Uritlsli armored forces no'w arc attacking the lust major Japanese strongpolnt In Ihe area. Fifteen enemy bunkers were dc.slr,iy>;d yesterday nnd ISO Jap troops killed. Tn the Iniplml sector, fighting is sporadic, and no Important chatips arc reported. A London .broadens!, reports that iiionsoon rains Imva begun In that iii-ca, hampering ground action. In the Piuinc ah- war, Allied bombers apparently liave ncutrnl- IMMI Ihe blg.alr base at Wukdo on Dutch Now dulncn. Returning airmen report they found no Jnp.m- ese planes lit their second consccii- live heavy ralil on Ihe Wak<Jc-Sar- ml area—the main target In; the Southwest Pacific since seizure of Holliimlla. * Late Bulletins DKTUOIT, May 1(5 (l)|-) _ 'llio fnrniifii's Ahsochillon of AmerJra «rcutlv<! committee wyii Us mrmliert will ipucir lici'irc (I,,, \y Jr jUlwr lioinl lomorrnw In Washington lo •Mow i-nuso why did orKunlrt- llon shouhl nol lie iHimll/ul for continuing || s str |k c af ^ tl ^ .six miijui ariiianieiif iiroiluccrs. WASIII,M«TON, May U! (ill') —War I'rnihu-llon Hoard Clmlr- maii Nelson teilil dulny thut farm nuu-hliicry pruilucllon Inul btcn luring liei iiise nf military ilrmniHh lm( note Is ntn- M'filltifr »n( u vcr y i,!,.), ' lml , »e rsllmulci! b> lum.,10, jirn- <liir.ll(iu u||| !,;„.„ wu) | ]ri i go |irr cent of suhcdnU:. Sedition Trial Jury Selected In Washington WASHINGTON, May 10. (UP) — Ten men inul two women dually were sworn In loday as the Jury to try the 20 defendants In the war's biggest sedition Irlnl. They will rule on Ihc government's charges Hint Ihc defendants conspired to undermine the moral: ol Ihc unncd forces. Juror No. 12, chosen loday, wns Anthony Falcone, a '!9-year-old Insurance salesman who was torn In Haly. Tot'ny'.s .ic.«Ion got under way alter Ernest F. Elmhursl ol New Vork, one of the 29 defendants, filed a $100,000 dumagc suit against Ills court appointed attorney, Ira Chase Kochne, and government Prosecutors O. John Tlogge and Joseph W. Burns. He nicd Ihe suit In civil court just across the hall. .Elnihurst charged that Uoggc and Burns 011- Icred Inlo an "unholy agreement" with Koehnc io "induce" the lawyer to "betray" him. Elmhursl's suit was based on au allegation previously made by James !. Laughltn, another of the two do?,c!i defense attorneys. In defending himself against contempt charges on which Ijiughlln ultimately was fined $150. The story, denied by all the principals, was that Kochno had agreed to help Roggc nnd'Burns In the contempt action against Laughlln In return for which Roggc and Burns would aid Kochne In a ycl-to-bc-filed contempt action against a Washington newspaper. The next act in the drama cnlnc when defendant Lawrence Dennis nf New York filed a motion scckin,; a sanity hearing for three of his fellow defendants, Edward James Smythc, Prcscott Dennis and Lois de Lafayette Washburn. N. O. Cotton open high low close pr.cl. Mar. . 1040 1958 1038 1957 1941 July . 2079 2091 2075 2090 2076 Oct. . 1088 2003 1985 2003' 1388 Doc. . 1964 1978 19GO 1978 1950 TOIUY'H WAII ANALYSIS Chinese Seek Corridor For New Lifeline By JAMKH United 1'ress Slull Writer Jtipnn'H oldest enemy has become ll.s newest threat. . • I*r Ihc first time, olilna him launched u full-.scule offensive ngiilnst Its lad foi ovci 11 duudc Crosslin! the Sulwccn river <m a 10n-mlu« front, Chliic.se soldier! are moving njjnlnst Jap tioops h rock-tounil Yunnan Piovlnce Ilicy'i'o „„(, to MOS.S the Dilinia border, -u m lies' beyond, nnd toll forces with General' Stllwcll In the MoKriiiiiK'-Viillc-y of Burma, DO miles away. .Such n move would t>ai a coi- rWor for ||, e toil,,,,,,, U(to loll( , which American uiglnciiis are uil- Mng through ivjiu, uurmasjunnle- «li«) poaks. When tho htghwiy h completed. Amcrlc.au supplies may move ,by ship -lo Calcutta, thence by rail lo I.cdo In India's Assam PracjhCc. , 'From , thcin they \inj truycl by truck over tho now liluh- way ncnws the norllioin neck of liurmn'Ur.Chlim Tito Allies eventually frill-'pump n strciim of supplies Miroiigh this arfciy to Clitnn six million Ill-iirincd soldiers. Terrain Is Hugged Ctilne'se troops lu Yunniin, traln- e.for a year by American officeis, arc fighting over some of the world's loughe.st Urrnln. Slnmllmr Biwrd . behind the Salwcen rives IK Hie formidable Kaoli Hung range. This .iiiwliiothod moimlnln wall, an offshoot of Iho Himalayas, rises some 12,000 feet. Tho swift Salwcen, with Us five- mile an hour current, Ijos at tho bottom ol a 5,000 fool gorge. Flanking Ihc stream at some points arc wltle malarial .waui|M. Commuu- catlons arc poor In Yunnan and dl/itmices grout. 'Hip cllnmlc, loo. Is tough. Tlic rainy .sciisflir already lias slarlcd and only about a month of fight- In^ weather remains, Thus, tho Clilnc.se, If they're lo allaln Ihelr objectives, must move fa.sl. Tlic annual mean rainfall in Yunnan Is only 34 Inches—five inches less than that of New York Oily. However, most of Ihc rain falls between March and August, in June, tbo peak month, 13 inches falls, while New York, in the same period, lias only llirco and one-half inches. , But, despite those handicaps the Chinese havt- sufficient forces to strike fitilckly and get the Job over before the worst rains. Available for Ihe Salwcen offensive arc 60000-to 80,000 men, that is. six to eluht divisions. Opposing Ibis army tire pnrl.5 of two Jap divisions, with perhaps a third 'held in reserve. Already hard-pressed by General Stllwell's drive In Burma's Monaimg Valley to the west, the enemy probably will*be unable to channel sufficient reinforcements to the Salwcen front to halt the Chinese drive. Kalns May Stymie Japs Thus, If the Chinese quickly join forces ivllh General Stllwcll, the June rains may prevent the Japs fr.im mounting a strong coitnlcr- otfcnsive. Since construction of the Ledo road has never halted for the mon.soons, engineers may take advantage of this respite to.join the highway with the Chinese- held section of the old Burma road. This thoroughfare starts near the Salwcen and moves 2-10 miles cast lo Kunming, the provincial capital. From there, it connects with Chungking. War Is not new to the ntno million Inhabitants of this northwestern nook of China. Only last October, 30.000 Japs, moving In from Burma, launched an offensive against Chinese troops In Yunnan. But the drive dwindled away among its towering peaks. In the dim history of China, the H6.000 square mile province was independent. Finally, it was subdued by Kubla! Khan and incorporated Into tho Chinese empire In the I7th century. Later, ft was the hub of a Mohammedan revolt which lasted 16 years until 1872 Now it has become the terminus of China's come-back trail. Plains Of Rome Lie Just Beyond] Enemy Defenses Vengeful Frenchmen Spark Allied Drive, Through Wide Breach' ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, May 16 (UP>—Tho Allied I lflh Aimy, victorious In the first phase ot Its offensive In Italy Ls Betting set for round two Pmirlug through a widening gap lu Ocimany's Gusldv line, Ihe Fifth Army h moving toward the Adolf Illtlci line, believed lo lie Die Inst enemy defense belt before Ihc Roman plains A radio correspondent icualf, that French Fifth Aimy troops now are only seven miles from llmt line I'loiicli nnd American troops of Ihc I Ifth Army, advancing on nn eight-mile front In the Garltjllano yiillov have captured six 'more towns In gains ranging up tg Uvo inltch Deeper Inlanrl, the British nghlh Aimy, travelling at the rale of 1000 jnrds « day, has extended Its luldgchciul across the Rapldo rivet lo a depth of two miles 'logctlicr the Fifth and Eishlh Armies have captured 21 more squuro miles of territory lo )li- cicaso thcli no* holdings lo, $1 viunie miles Tticf bug of prisoner!, loi the foui day-old offciifiivc has i lie n to 30(10 French In ihc I* id Vengeful ncnch troops stlh are Ml'" king the Fifth Army advance Striking two miles 1 from captured Ausonln, they Imio seized a peak due west of tho former German headquarters town They also hnve captured ban Giorgio, on the nnr- iow south s-ldo of Ihc Uil valley, anil thue olhei loivns Iho commander nnd heiidrnmrlcrs of a German regiment were cap- lured by the French Another Na?l regiment In the path of the French admic 0 \t said to be becoming In- ci.cnslnply disorganized Amerlfnn troop? on the southern flank of tho French, have walked Into the to«n of Splgno, a mtle- ann-a-half behind the lalernal supply road from Casslno lo Tor- ml« on the coast United Press concBpondenl James Roper In a dispatch from Splgno, says civilians tearfully kissed the hands of Iho American troops who marched back Into tho wrecked city Njah Take Loot Tlic departing Germans had confiscated their stores, slruighlcrcd Ihelr llveslock and, at pistol point, removed the clothes frbrri men and ivoincn in a wild 24 hours before leaving, tho Germans had blown up on per cent of the town Ropci found only one house Intact Another United, Press iw cor- rrsixmrient, Clinton conger, in B dispatch datelincd "inside Ihe Clus- Inv line' 1 hict this to say The tide of war has rolled two milts bovond Ink on<i-llme enemy Mromzpdlnt and all around 1110 Is the debris of war—bullet-pierced helmets, rusted rocket' guns and splintered dug-outs" ' In the wreckage of a house, Con- jer found"an American helmet- and a German helmet side by side. There was a bullet hole through the American one. , Alllw Progress Sloir I/>ndon military experts, quoted bv United Press ?ar correspondent Edward Beattle, predict that, the? German's soon will be forced back Into the Adolf Hitler bell of defenses. Hdwcvcd Bealtle says' tjie llghllng so.far has beeri. toiigher than London had expected. • Allied ' forces nonr Casslno cISher are stalled, or progressing at » snail's pace. However, fie says French',and American-., forces near thei, coast hnve penetrated' far enough to mount aflankhif! threat, to the whole CaSsino'poslilon.'' :.:'' "." Allied warships on the Tyrrhen- an sea are In the thick of the fight, so far,-Allied cruisers' supporting the offensive have pumped over 3000". rounds of shells Into German supply .and ammunition dumps. -• > . -. . . . Poor visibility grounded heavy jombers In the Italian theater yes- :crday. However, smaller planes 'lew 1800 sorlles at a cost of eight of their number. Seven enemy aircraft were destroyed. Bad weather also grounded Ailed British-based bombing fleets asl night and early today. But smaller Mossulto bombers dropped scores of two-ton blockbusters on he Rhinollnd Industrial center of Ludwigshafen, Other undisclosed argots In Northwestern Germany ind an airfield .In France also wepe hit. Four planes were lost In the light raids and In mine-laying operations. • , Allied warplancs are continuing o support'the ground advance of Marshal Tito's Yugoslav guerrillas. Now, Albanian partisans,. coordl- latlng their drive with Tito's all- out offensive, have captured a city only 20 miles from the capital of Tirana. T*o other strategic towns ilso have fallen to the Albanians. Mew Vork Cotton open high low cloacprcl. Mar . 1038 1952 1936 1853 1B33 July •. 2064 '2077 2061' 3076 2061 Oct . 1388 2001 > 1983 -20>K 1983 Dec, , 1961 1915 195S 1975 1560

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