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Tampa Bay Times from St. Petersburg, Florida • 8

Publication:
Tampa Bay Timesi
Location:
St. Petersburg, Florida
Issue Date:
Page:
8
Extracted Article Text (OCR)

10-A BERLIN CRISIS St. ft Unburn Times, Monday, August 14. 1 961 'Meeft The Challenge Nothing To Worsen The Situation1 der, and hooted and howled and (Continued From Page I-A) who shoutH ihrir defiance of thr Communist show of force. Tension was growing hourly swore at police and soldiers. Police and Communist "fighting groups" the workers militia broke up anti-Communist demonstrations at gun point and dispersed the hostile crowd throughout the Soviet sector of Tanks Quelled Uprising ns the anger of l.nst Berliner rose to the kind of fever pitch that preceded the thort lived the BUT THE BOOING, shoutins Kast German revolt of June 17, WEST RERUN Mayor Willy Rrandt, in a hroadcast gpeech.

appealed to East Germans and Herald Tribune News Service Soviet tanks quelled the sudden uprising among the people of Kast Berlin on June 17, 1953, The violence and rioting, crowds remained in the streets. They taunted the police and East German army units as they East Berliner! not to revolt, as rolled through the city In tanks, miring them: "You cannot be armored cars and trucks. held in slavery forever." At least one complete East German mechanized division was Chancellor Konrad Adenauer in East Berlin. quite unexpected by the East German regime, accompanied a general strike throughout the country. Soviet military authorities declared martial law Jn nine cities and cut off all communications between East and West Berlin.

Eyewitness reports to West assured Germans on both nides of the iron curtain that Bonn, "with its allies, will lake the necessary measures" to counter Berlin police headquarters said movement organized and supported by the Americans." THE COMMANDANTS of the British, French and United States forces in West Berlin issued a communique demanding that the Soviet Army end its "military terror" in East Berlin. At least five persons, among them a West German truck driver, were executed by Russian firing squads during the period of martial law. An uneasy peace returned to East Berlin on June 24, when communications were partly restored between the two sectors of the city. Soviet tanks, however, continued to patrol the streets for another week. The East German Regime granted concessions, among them lower work quotas, higher wages and more schools, to the restive population.

Catherine of three or more persons. The uprising followed a less serious riot on June Iff, instigated by a group of bricklayers protesting against rise in work quotas. THE BRICKLAYERS, joined by crowds In the streets, marched on the govcrment offices In Leipzigstrasse shout-ing for freedom, free elections, lower food prices and "no people's army." The next day, although the regime revoked the work order, rioting again broke out in several quarters of the city. Miners and factory workers called a general strike. Mobs ran wild In the streets.

East German Premier Otto Grotcwohl sent for the tanks. He blamed the "disturbances" on a "fascist underground that 200 East German army T-34783 Russian-model tanks were unloaded at East Berlin's east the bans on travel to West Berlin railway station yesterday imposed by Communist East Ger man authorities. Adenauer, in a statement Is- West Berlin's entire filed after consultations with his Western garrison was alerted advisers, said: "It is the law of too, in event the trouble spilled THE INARMED East German workers threw rocks at the tanks. Soviet troops guarded the border between the two sectors of the city. West German sources reported the casualties during the week of the riots at 587 dead and 1,870 injured.

Soviet patrols dispersed from the streets any over into isolated, Communist surrounded West Berlin. the hour to meet the challenge from the East firmly but calmly, and to do nothing to worsen the situation." IN HIS STATEMENT, the! The East German government mobilized and armed its work I ers militia, formed of trusted Communists and organized especially to quell domestic disturb chancellor declared: "We still feel in unison with the Germans in the Soviet zone and in East Berlin. They arc and will remain our German brothers and ances. Countless soldiers, police, mili -Af Wirrphnt. mane, and "a declaration of bankruptcy of the Communist TIKXEI) RACK RAKBKI) WIKK AM) GUARDS aged Kast Gorman couple Iirad dejectedly back to life under communism.

tiamen, tanks, armored cars, troop carriers and trucks were on the move in the sprawling 153-square mile Soviet sector of the city. regime. The chancellor said the Com "INSTEAD OF IMPROVING The Communists enforced the travel ban by halting through train traffic to West Berlin, erecting barbed wire entanglements on the east-west city border and reducing border crossing points from 80 to 13. Along with the travel ban, the Communists is munist East German rulers had started Saturday night to seal off relations," he said, "they (the police formed into rows and, polite dispersed the crowd on the passed by more than 1.000 the West Berlin from its environs. Communists)' want to end free to 30,000 demonstrators gathered on the Western side of a Communist-erected border barricade shouting "down with Ulbricht." The Communist police retaliated for the attack by drenching the crowd with water hoses mounted on trucks.

West Berlincrs surged through police lines in the Ticrgartcn and pounded with their fists on the side of a Russian car carrying western side. marched on the hostile, hooting previous one-day refugee figure set just before the 1953 revolt. crowd. "This is an open breach of the four-power agreements defining AT ONE TIME, in a one-square mile area near the east-west border at the Brandenburg gate and the East German government dom of movement. In Berlin it is not only freedom of movement but the freedom to choose one's The demonstrating crowd dis In three other border incidents on the Sonncn Alice, Chaussec sued a flat order barring 52,000 the status of Berlin, he said.

The new ban said only those persed only when the leveled East Berlin commuters from The Soviet zone regime had place of work that has ended." Street and on the Unter Den residents with "special den police and workers militia passes" could travel to West Ber been forced upon the East Gcr guns of the police were inches from their chests. The U.S. Army alerted its 5,000 troops in West Berlin and sent used flying wedges to break up lin. That meant only persons on Communist business. working in West Berlin.

THEY LEFT UNHAMPERED, however, the free access to the city guaranteed to Western dip man population, he continued, and had now taken the measures in Berlin because it could no helicopters aloft to observe the headquarters, the Communists concentrated 25 tanks, 70 armored troop carriers and 200 tanks filled with police and soldiers in combat dress. As the Red forces roared down the famed Unter Den Linden one officer and six Soviet soldiers to the Soviet tonument in hostile gatherings. The East German travel crack boiling East-West border area. An At Brandenburg Gale, a force of 40 Communists pushed back 300 anti-Communists gathered at the border. A ringleader of about 18 years of ase was arrested the Tiergarten Park.

longer master its domestic prob Jems. Thousands of Berliner's gathered on both sides of the border in downtown Berlin at the Bran- down was announced early yes American spokesman said the Berlin garrison was "watching Eyewitness reports said Com terday by a Warsaw Pact com developments closely and is keep "A grave situation has been brought about by the arbitrary lomatic and military personnel by previous agreements and let West Bcrliners move into the cast sector on presentation of their iden tity cards. from the cast, the catcalls of and the crowd threatened the po-East Berlin crowds were so loud 'lice. ing a state of readiness to accomplish any mission assigned." The U.S. Sixth Fleet so far has munist police used tear gas and smoke bombs on at least five occasions to break up anti-Communist demonstrations in the East zone.

they could be heard hundreds of munique that charged the West'dcnburg Gate and shouted at had organized a "slave trade" to Communist guards from both get East Germans to flee. sides. Less than 100 refugees man- Both East and West Berlin po-aged to get past the barricades Mice brought up water throw ers. yards away. A CROWD OF angry West Berliners attempted to trample ine mood in tast Berlin was received no special alert due to Bloodshed narrowly was avert measures introduced by the regime in Pankow (scat of the Communist East German government)," the chancellor declared.

Mayor Brandt used similar words, saying the Communist gov similar to that of June 16, 1953. the Berlin crisis, a spokesman Defiant unrest erupted in Communist East Berlin yesterday said at Naples, Italy. down a barbed wire barrier erected on the east-west city border in the quarter-mile stretch between Brandenburg Gate and ed at Eberswalder Street near the barricaded border when 80 Red police and militiamen brandishing machine pistols dispersed For security reasons the head and border patrols to West Berlin yesterday newsmen and a cameraman were detained BUT MORE THAN 2,000. who! by Communist East German po- quarters at Naples said it could one day before the short-lived revolt exploded throughout the East zone, only to be crushed by Soviet tanks and troops. Crowds of East 1 1 ernment has created a sort of morning after East German authorities placed West Berlin off limits to East Germans to halt a mass exodus that Saturday sent Potsdamer Platz.

actually fled Saturday registered, lice for a few hours as they .500 East Berhners holding a protest demonstration. yesterday with refugee author make no announcement where the 50 ships and 25,000 men of the fleet were at the present time. A WESTERN CROWD of 20.000 i Communist police rushed to the eastern side of the barrier with! state frontier through the middle of Berlin and erected "the wall of a concentration camp." He called the action illegal, inhu- watched Red officials close border separating East from West Berlin. A police officer cried "disperse swarmed into the streets, espe ities, bring Saturday's total num- a record 4,900 refugees to West Berlin. I dally near the barricaded bor-lor we shoot!" as the Communist drawn bayonets and West Berlin ber of refugees to 4.900.

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