Independent Star-News from Pasadena, California on May 26, 1968 · Page 14
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Independent Star-News from Pasadena, California · Page 14

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Pasadena, California
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Sunday, May 26, 1968
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Page 14
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Editorial Anarchy vs. "It will come, H will comt, Every bourgeois will have Iiis-bomb." Those words' from a French Anarchist street.song of the 1890s seem to carry a threat in 1968. The Black Flag, traditional emblem of anarchy, flies beside the Red Flag at the Sorbonne. A sign in a window just off the District of Columbia's Washington Circle.read: "Anarchy Now." Demonstrating students in the United States, France, Spain, West Germany, Poland, Italy, Iran and Japan either call themselves Maoists, Marxists, Trotskyites,; Leninists or Anarchists. A demonstrator at Columbia University categorized .that institution's upheaval succinctly, -"The main .enemy is the power structure of the United States as a whole." It has been forever true that, an- J archy just won't work, but new genera- . lions need to learn (hat truth anew. The simple definition of anarchy-is "the absence of government; a state of .lawlessness or political-disorder .due to the absence of governmental authority;" Frenchman Pierre Proudhon, credited with inventing the term "anarchy," wrote, "Whoever lays his hand on me to govern me is a usurper and.a tyrant; I declare him to be my enemy . . . Government by man is slavery. , . \.The idea of anarchy goes back to Zeno of Citium, founder of Stoic'philos- . ophy,' : but modern 'anarchism .Jjegan around the revolutionary year of 1848. Its first two prophets \vere Proudhon and his disciple, Michael Bakunin, a Russian exile.. v .. , , . :: Crime .was. the hallmark :'of- "-aji- - archisfy;'--int the late . 1.9th'.''century as' Ravachbl and his 'advp'c'ates"y/e'nt to .the guillotine crying, ."Vive., ^'anarchie." . .Oddly enough, England, the epitome-of staid ^government, was ,the haven for anarchists as they practiced assassination and bombing through Europe'. By the turn of the century most men agreed with President Theodore Roosevelt's declaration, "Anarchism' is' a crime against the whole 'human race and all mankind should band against the Anarchist." In recent times.-the last outbreak of anarchism was during the 1 · Spanish Civil War and it died when the Anarchists failed to agree .with, their allied Communists. ' , · : It is amazing that anyone can believe anarchy is the answer to the problems of today. Our world is becoming , increasingly overcrowded and made smaller by.' : ',comrriunication' and transportation: '-^'' ' -.'I*'' " . -.-;'. .' . -' ? · ; ; · i"; . ·. -1 . : ·; " - -; To -jive'' without order in an-' isolated rnountairrcabln'is possible^ To-liveiin a communal-atmosphere without order is impossible. .Even' animals utilize unwritten ;laws and .instincts when they .cluster ; togethet."Maii:'can·j^Sjno less and still, survive. No.persori'tari occupy approximately the same-space as other, persons without some rules of order being agreed upon. Government is merely an extension of this obvious fact. Anarchists themselves, if they would admit it, do not believe in anarchy. They simply want to rearrange society to their way of'.thinking; to become the establishment or rulers themselves. Marx insisted that .dictatorship of the . proletariat -must ! come -first, -and tjieri;-' at some vague future date, anarchy . could follow if all conditions were right. Today's-activists" demand liberty. Unfortunately, their .definition of liberty seems to be license to do what:they personally want without regard, to the liberties of others. In one word, what they demand is anarchy. . Even if mankind were perfect, anarchy would not work because what is' good for one' person may infringe on . what is good for'.another.. That is why · ·~ governments, laws and courts are necessary--to establish justice, insure domestic tranquilityj provide for the common defense, promote the.general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity. -.. . None of this can be achieved or sustained when each person chooses which laws he .will. obey, and: which he'will -. ignore, for that is anarchy. - . . ' . ' . --Charles Clierhiss. Editor, Editorial Pages 4 Tha^kXGocl We Can:Call oil Old Allies Such as England and America in Our Times of Crisis' With the Problems THE SEASON of'commencement addresses is . approaching, when a large part of the population will he engaged in writing them, delivering them, listening to them, closing its ears to them, and no doubt in some instances' walking out on them or disrupting them.' : -A- - ' ·TO PROVIDE a proper frame or reference tor these utterance's, it will perhaps be helpful to understand what is wrong with the world. What. is wrong with the world is the conjunction in the machinery of two monkey wrenches. One of these is composed of an array of problems which while .ultimately solvahle are not immediately or even'quickly solvable. The other is composed of 'numerous people who accidentally happened to chobse'this moment to.decide not to con- sent.to .be governed. · · · ' . Examples'of problems not immediately sply- 'able are: How to conduct a bir.acial society';'How' : to deal-.with a system or constellation of-power which excludes'the. consent of the'governed'and wishes to extend the areas in which consent is, excluded -- the immediate examples being the.Vie't- - narn war, the defiance of authority by young people, the overwhelming of law and order, and eco- iiomic'" fever accompanied .by economic imbalance. . * ' . ' " ' " ' AMONG THOSE who choose-not to consent to- be governed, there is a component which does not Frederic Collins wish to be governed at all, as exemplified by the" formal, conscious projection of Anarchy into the life of France at this moment, and another component which withholds its consent from specific acts of government, like the Vietnam war, the 'draft, the placing of a Columbia University gymnasium in Morningside Park, and the manufac-. t u t e of napalm. * . '.'THE'PROBLEM of government, actually"0ie problem of" society,-is that it cannot force consent- .upon large numbers of persons, even though they be relatively only a small minority of the .whole. ··' Specifically, Charles de Gaulle cannot impris- ·on all the persons who fail to show up for work at (he Renault Factory, nor can he have them all shot. ..- : . : - · The government of the District n( Columbia, reinforced by the government of the United . States, could not imprison all the April looters, although it made a good try. And it did not feel thst it could even try to shoot any looters er arsonists. · . The reason probably is that even the Vast numbers of people who consent to be governed, anil favor law and order, really did not want such drastic measures. . ONE LESSON to be drawn from all thus is that it would be quite wrong to condemn any politician, specifically, any candidate for the. presidency, on the ground that he has not dealt effectively with these problems. , - . . - " No one, including the rival politician who urges the condemnation, knows how to do it. On 1 he other hand, it would be equally wrong, fur the same reason, to endorse any politician who claims' he coutd deal effectively with them. Ultimately, all problems either yield to solution, solve themselves, or disappear. , "''· ; ; ..To.. say : lhat : .t!iey are' ultimately. bulVnot immediately or quickly soluable is to assume that the hunt for solution starts in good season, and is diligently and conscientiously pursued. ' v That is something the politicians do have a right to talk about, a field in which they can legitimately compete, with one another. 'But none of them, should Ivy to"kid the public that he can havp-thc answers in by November, or next Jan. 20, or even in time for his second Stale of the Un-' ion Message. .. ' ' ' '- · IS.V Xaltuiial liurcau · · ·; -. rey 's Pats Wa David Lawrence Paradoxical Bob PRESfDENTIAL CANDIDATES are out to get voles, and some of them do not realize their own inconsistencies. Just the other day, Sen. Robert F. Kennedy of New York made a speech in .Los Angeles which certainly was received with favor by Protestant, Catholic and. Jewish groups which have been staunchly supporting the cause of Israel against Egypt and the Arab countries. Kennedy said: "We cannot -- and will not -permit the Soviet Union to achieve an imbalance in the Middle East. We can and will fully assist Israel -- with arms.if necessary,-- to meet the threat of massive/'Soviet military buildups. We cannot -- and will not -- render Israel defenseless in the face if aggression." But during'the last three years, on the other hand, the Soviet Union has been sending munitions td North Vietnam as well as bombing planes and other weapons ofjwar..mounting to a total of at leasUa bffiibn dollars a year. Yet no demand has been made by any of the presidential candi-. dates that economic sanctions be taken against the Soviet Union and other Communist countries. *' . · ' SEN. KENNEDY has also declared the United Jnbepenbtnt Bernard I. Ridder Publisher Gustaf A. Nordin General Manager Edward P. Essertkr- Editor Arnold HUSJ Executive Editor Fran!; Gwynn Circulation Manager Elwood R. Williami BIHIMU Manager Ray W- Johnston Advertising Director Prisk Paddock . Production Manager ..' . Lee Merriman/Edilor Emeritus Mtmbtr; Associated Press, United Pita Inlerr.alional, l. -i North American Newspaper AI!iance,-The Ne* York V ? Times News Service, City Nw» Scrvfct- ' I National Advcm'iins Representative:. Siwyer-FerJuspn-Walker .Go;: - - Offic« in New Ypfk, Philadelphia, A'lanli, Delroil, CkKajo, Minntijxta'.Sin FiineifCQ, Los Angel_es PnMM«!'5uiid»yalii5 East Colorado Boulemd, ' Pji'adeca, California 91109 States should use its power during international crises "only as a strategic reserve against the most serious of threats." He adds: "Vietnam is only Vietnam. It will not settle the fate of Asia or America -- much less the fate of the world." .-'-C: Lots of poople, however, think the situation in the Middle East is not nearly as dangerous as the situation in Southeast Asia.. Also there are many members of Congress who feel that, if it is proper for the United States to render military support to Israel in the Middle East, it is just as neces- -.' sary to protect the countries, of Southeast Asia -, against aggression. . . - 1 Sen. Kennedy, in a speech in Portland.^Ore., last month, criticized the administration's attitude even more severely wlien he said:\ "American, foreign'pplfdy^has'-become identified with power, and in 'that obsession we have forgotten our purposes. . . ' / "By the unilateral exercise of our overwhelming-power, we isolated ourselves. To many of our traditional allies and neutral friends, we behaved as a superpower ignoring our own historical commitment to a decent respect for the opinions of mankind." Kennedy, in his speech on Monday, nevertheless recommended a stern policy in the Middle East and favored aid to Israel "with arms if necessary" to meet the threat of the Soviets. * OPPOSITION to the .war in Vietnam has .been ' expressed ,by presidential candidates appealing to voters', who are 'fearful that their sons may be drafted orAto the families of those young.rnen who are already in the Armed-Forces of the.United : States in Southeast Asja.;-A-large.number of peo,- ·'· pie in this country are'4eepry.concerned.with the : 'events/, in'" the Middle E^sfpartlcularly'^ith the "fate of Israel^HehcV'ihe'politiifal candidates_see- a-big advantage.in proclaiming their firm support of American intervention in the Middle East;.. .-,- ,,PresidentWJo^iis^n, ;..in .announcing;:t(iat; lie- would not accept J nort)inatf6fi.;for : re-election^ had ., 'hoped to fake the Vietnam issue, put oflthe. cani- paign, but foreign policy seems tq'bave remained . an-issue.In the speeches by the two Democratic ·^ candidates, Sen. Kennedy of New York-and Sen. 'Eugene McCarthy of Minnesota. LOOK FOR the Democratic Party's two most prominent fence-straddlers to offer their-zealously sought endorsement to Vice President Hubert Humphrey sometime this summer. .Washington insiders say that President Johnson and Chicago Mayor Richard Daley both will announce their support of Humphrey before the Democratic National Convention in August. - THERE ARE. different reasons that neither has yet done so, however. . ." ' In addition to the President's desire-to avoid domestic political frictions that might upset the Paris peace talks, he has confided to friends that endorsing Humphrey now would give Sen. Robert Kennedy a chance to play the underdog role in . the remaining primaries. ; : ': Kennedy, it'is generally felt, would be John- . son's.last choice to succeed him, so.:ihe thinking; is that the President will wait until the most strategic moment -- perhaps at the convention itself -- before giving his official blessing to Hum ; phrey. . - .-: '.':'· ··- -Daley, the city.hall autocrat who has an iron : grip on .Illinois' 118-convention delegates, has the' special'problem, of being mayor of the convention's host city arid wants to avoid any accusation in the coming months that Humphrey, is being favored in pre-convention arrangements. -'.Also, :Daley would like to wait Until the last possible''moment before declaring ; himself in 1 hopes that 'he can-pro vide the critical support for ·'the-winning, candidate. - ,'.. ' ' . . : ' * . . AGRICULTURE Secretary Orville.Freeman is - ' a battle-scarfed'ex-Marine whose reputation for toughness is well'earned, but he met his match last week in Rep. Wayne Aspinall, the crusty Colorado Democrat who heads the House · Interior Committee. · ' '. Freeman, testifying before an interior subconi- miltce on California's proposed Redwood National Park, drew fire from Aspinall by voicing strong opposition to exchanging government r owned, fim- berland for privately-owned land for the park. "Let me make it clear to you right now," As ; pihall bristled. "The secretary of Agriculture Capital Chatter and California Gov. Ronald Reagan met:each, other near the Charlotte, N.C., Airport last-week,. Reagan gave the First Lady a proper salute.. He waved at all four cars in the Lady Bird motorcade. ·'· : '... "I didn't kiiow in wliicli car she was," he explained later. "I thought I'd play it safe." doesn't determine policy on the disposal, and administration of public lands -- that's a function.of , the Legislative Branch." · .-' : : .' . Aspinall also corrected Freeman for crediting President,Theodore Roosevelt with, creating the National Forest System over 60 years ago. "If my study of history serves me right, Teddy Roosevelt merely went along with the idea of establishing a national forest system as it was proposed by the Congress," Aspinall declared. . "And there's no argument about that," he added as Freeman nodded in weak assent. ·'"-··"····· * -· ' - · · ::-' : ';.-V , .WHEN THE motorcades of Lady .Bird Johnson First Call "IT'S UNSIGNED, BUT I THINK IT'S FROM THE PRESIDENT!" ; What Others Say . ; Dr. Banjamin Spock's book, Baby and Child Care, is to be published next year in the Soviet Union. The Associated Press says, "Many of "Spock's- ideas.will*lie!-revolutionary for Russian mothers." " ' " " " . * '·"' ' £· Well, no doubt those mothers, are accustpnkd to revolutions by now. Some of Dr. Spock's 'other ideas are pretty · reyolutionarypiere. : % " ' . - . i t -- B i r m i n g · - : ·.' * ; ;i"A!--A : 5" : fo':*P !'; .'. ..·(^rtiJhe wake of an Ohio.'Riyer bridge collapse at'GallipoIis,.O, last Deccrnber'.which killed)45 .persons, hearings'in the Senate indicate thaJT-re- : sporisibility for inspection and maintenance Withe interest of safely :: isjar, : .too.widely dispe'rae)!. States, cities, townships; "counties, private £joll agencies on public loll'authorities are variojlsly charged with the responsibility, according to^.the vagaries, of state law._. The'-Federal Government. .exercises responsibility" only, over bridges ! bjiilt with federal funds under federal-aid highway3eg- islation and the remaining part of the federaj^aid system. . :-r · . · · ' '£ With such a hodgepodge it is likely if not irijjvi- table^ that diligence, in perfprrning the work, standards for judging'a bridge'safe or unsafe, . competence of the Inspectors and toughness iif in- fprcement \vill range all, the .way from excellent to" dangerouslyV inadequate'. V ATM 1 the hazards :-mount.with every,p'assmg. yeah, as the bridges get older and traffic over,th?iri increases greatly, not only in the number-of'vehicles but nlsfr.in their weight and load'.-- Si. Louis Post Disnatck -. '* - . '-fa Happiness is-a complicated emotional eleg^ce ac'iieved mcst readily by plain, simple folks. |, --L-crci-ah (la.) Public Opinion Paris Peace Negotiations 'We'll Agree ti Agree Ii You'll Agree

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