The Capital Journal from Salem, Oregon on June 29, 1963 · 13
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The Capital Journal from Salem, Oregon · 13

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Salem, Oregon
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Saturday, June 29, 1963
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13
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Leaders Debate for 1964 (EDITOR'S NOTE Evtn iMw.Jctmpani for with the smoke of battle months ! Amr,Hl aU-fUw. away, Republican and Democratic party leaders art doping out thtir Ckpitalijournal A special look at America and the world today, gathered by staff reporters of the Associated Press and United Press International stationed around the globe. CAPITAL JOURNAL, Salem, On-, Saturday, June 29, 1963, Sc. 2, Page 13 FROM EARLY YOUTH until death, Buddhism plays a significant role in the life of the Vietnamese. Youngsters, like boy at left, spend part of their time in tem Non-Violent A ction Taken by Monks By MALCOLM W. BROWNE Associate Press Writer SAIGON, South Viet Nam (AP) From a peaceful monotony of :emple bells, incense smoke and meditation, I a new force has emerged in South Viet Nam a force that can drive a man to burn himself to death in the fervor of his belief. For the past month, yellow-robed Buddhist monks have moved and acted with the determination and precision of soldiers in a drive that has shaken the government and nation. Even U.S. policies here have Undergone some re-evaluation. Never before have Buddhist monks of this country shown such zeal in their non-violent campaign for "religious equality and social justice," Many sects have settled old differences among themselves md there is a sense of rejuvenated faith. ! Little Chance for Filibuster Curb WASHINGTON (AP) There's a rove afoot to top all the talk, alk, talk in the Senate. The chance of success? "Ha, Ha, Ha." hoots Republican leader Everett M. Dirksen, a man of many golden words. "And I might add. Ho. Ho, Ho." The senator understands the situation. The problem is that there's no rule requiring senators to stick to the point during debate. Because the subject of the day Is foreign aid, for instance, doesn't bar a Senator from chiming in with a harangue on the price of peaches. The other day, Sen. Paul Douglas, D-Ill., had to wait two hours to get in a word for the administration's area redevelopment bill even though the bill was pending business. Thus some fear Senate debates have collapsed into a series of felerrujtionj. the 1H4 prtsl-Jut wht do rhey think Democratic the ktuee will b? National Chairman nn "We are all Buddhists and we must work together," one said. On the surface little seems Changed. Monks rise with the first clang of the temple bell at 4:30 a.m. Their lives are austere and dedicated. In the major sects, monks may not marry, and are forbidden to eat meat, fish or eggs. Their heads are shaved. Daily activities for senior monks include prayers and meditation, and teaching classes in theology, Vietnamese culture and foreign languages. English is the favorite foreign language. Novices and junior monks study, prepare food, keep buildings clean and run errands. For the Buddhist followers, monks officiate at weddings and funerals, give lectures and minister to spiritual needs. Saigon monks, formerly forbidden to touch money, now carry small change to get around in buses and taxis. Pagodas have Thirty-one senators of both parties, feeling it's time to do something about it, have signed a resolution calling for a "Rule of germaneness." Many of them paraded before the riles committee Thursday to argue their case. The proposed rule, of which Sen. John O. Pastore, D-R.I., is one of the chief sponsors, would reserve four hours a day to debate that sticks to the issue. Sen. Gordon Allott, R-Colo., noted that adjournments were getting later each year and said perhaps the rule should be given a one year trial. Dirksen said a rule curbing orators would be adopted only "over my dead body." A senator's right to say what he pleases is, declared Dirksen, "the one weapon which the minority has to protect itself," G n "l , (1 John M. Bailey and Rtpublican National Chairman William E. Millar gave thoir viawi in an x-clusive interview.) By JACK BELL and ERNEST B. VACCARO ASSOCIATED PRESS WRITER WASHINGTON (AP) Already the rival political strategists are staking out the battlefield for the 1964 presidential campaign and zeroing in on what they expect to be the big targets. What do they figure the issues will be a year hence? Foreign policy "preempts every 1 issue," Republican National Chair-'man William E. Miller declares. "The chief issue is going to be -how well did President Kennedy run the affairs of this country," says Miller's opposite number, i Democratic National Chairman John M. Bailey. In a joint interview, both party leaders agreed that civil rights legislation should be considered by Congress on a bipartisan basis. Miller, however, did express reservations about the chief provision of the President's civil rights package, a proposal for enforcement of desegregation of private firms serving the public. Here are some of the other questions and the party leaders' answers in the interview: ple, their head shaved except for forelock, to learn beliefs of their faith. The elderly spend hours each day praying to their gods. (AP) I Political treasurer monks. Even t the monks' practice of begging for rice and clothing from house to house largely has died out. Begging now is handled by lay business managers on a more efficient basis. Contacts with foreigners have brought new ideas to Vietnamese Buddhism. Monks often study abroad. The Rev. Thich Quang Lien, a 37-year-old monk who studied comparative religion and political science at Yale University, now teaches fellow monks English. Buddhist protest activity came to a climax June 11, when the Rev. Thich Quang Due, a 72-year-old monk born in the coastal town of Nha Trang, set fire to his gasoline-soaked robes in a main street intersection, and burned to death. Suicide is new to Vietnamese Buddhist leaders, whose faith pledges them to nonviolence. "Normally," Quang Lien said, "we strictly forbid such things. But we have never been faced with dangers like the present. "The Rev. Queng Due came to us from his pagoda at Coi Lay in the Mekong River delta, offering to burn his body for our cause of religious equality. At first, Buddhist leaders said no. But the situation for us became more difficult, as the government made new restrictions. So, In the end we voted to accept the courageous offer of Quang Due, and permit him to do as he wished." While monks insist they are not concerned with politics, some say openly they would prefer a government under which greater freedom of thought is possible. Monks have been arrested on street corners while handing out tracts that say so. New ideas about Buddhist activities have brought radio, tape recorders, loudspeaker systems, telephones and pickup trucks to the ancient pagodas. When Quang Due died, monks with cameras photographed the scene. , Outsiders have expressed puzzlement by the strident new tone of Viet Nam's Buddhism. For about 10 per cent of the popula Q. What do the Republicans propose doing about Cuba? Miller: I can think of many things which might be done. Perhaps at this stage of the game we should refuse to allow ports of entry to any ship carrying any material to Cuba. I think we ought to eliminate all foreign aid to any South American country or any Latin American country doing business with Castro. We might well consider recognizing a government-in-exile. We might consider restraining the use of the Panama Canal to ships carrying cargo to Cuba. There are many things we can do, but I'm not president and I don't know all of the factors which are present. All I know is that when this administration took over in January of 1961, there were no Russian troops and there was no Russian military equipment in Cuba, and today there are. Q. Let us have an observation from Chairman Bailey on that. Bailey: The Republicans have a bad habit of succumbing to reckless partisanship in the area of foreign policy when they are out of power. A good many of them have done just that in the case of Cuba. In my opinion, a big majority of the American people know that the President has given them the facts about Cuba, and tion, a Buddhist monk is both a part of the community and a symbol of spiritual authority. Some see in Buddhist leaders potential saviors of Viet Nam. j i i "liy WW " rsSlM, mLiI , t, lL-. , c CONNIE CATLIN, 19, of Eyota, Minn., is a capable young lady when it comes to handling a well-drilling rig. Working for her father, Casey Catlin, she has run well-drilling rigs during the summers sines she was a high they are pleased the way he handled the crisis last fall. I do not think that Cuba should be a political issue in '64 and I do not think it will be. CIVIL RIGHTS Q. Mr. Bailey, what impact do you expect the current turmoil over civil rights to have on the '64 presidential campaign and the congressional elections Bailey: Obviously, civil rights will have some impact on the 1964 campaign. However, I believe the President is trying to work out with the Republican leader-I Struggle Underway In Ceylon By DENZIL PETRIS Associated Press Writer COLOMBO, Ceylon '(AP) A quiet struggle is under way in Ceylon to determine the economic, and perhaps political, direction of this island nation in the Indian Ocean. The opposing forces are represented in the cabinet of Ceylon's woman prime minister, Sirimavo Bandaranaike, by two ministers. One is Maitripala Senanayake, who has in the past j maintained friendly relations with the West and driven hard bargains with the Communist bloc. The jother is Ti-kiri Banda Ilangaratne, a warm friend of Communist jcountries. As minister of trade and commerce, the latter confiscated American and British oil company property to start a Ceylonese oil company. When compensation was not forthcoming,! Washington cut off economic aid to Ceylon last February. ASSIGNS POSITIONS Mrs. Bandaranaike jrecently reassigned portfolios in her 3-year-old government. Ilangaratne became finance minister and Senanayake was given trade and commerce. ' I Ilangaratne had moved Ceylon's trade away from Its traditional partners, Britain, Western Europe and the United States, and toward the Soviet; bloc. Soviet imports rose from $1.2 million in 1960 to $6.8 million jlast year. Ceylon still depends upon sales of tea, rubber and 'coconuts to earn Industrial imports for the Is land's 10 million people. Most of the sales are to the West, especially Britain, which ruled here until 1948. Britain's high commissioner, Sir Michael Walker, has complained that money earned by sales to his country is increasingly being spent elsewhere. According to usually reliable sources, Mrs. Bandaranaike has been worried that Ceylon Is passing into the Soviet j trade orbit. Some "informed observers think the shift of Ilangaratne and Senanayake was intended to check this drift. The finance ministry is the ship a bipartisan approach to this social change that this country's going through, and I think it's a little too early to say exactly what effect this is going to have in '64. Q. Chairman Miller, do you think the Republicans will furnish bipartisan cooperation behind civil rights legislation or that it could be removed from the campaign? Miller: I think it ought to be a bipartisan issue. I think it's a moral issue. I don't think it's a political issue. But it's a little difficult to keep out of the political arena. We adopted a plank on civil key job in Ceylon, however, and interpretations vary on giving it to Ilangaratne. ECONOMIC CRISIS Ceylon is in continual economic crisis. More than a quarter of the budget is not covered by revenue, leaving an annual deficit of $120 million. This makes the finance portfolio a hazardous one. Some right-wing Ceylonese are hoping Ilangaratne will fail to solve the financial problems and suffer a personal decline. But many are worried that the portly Socialist, who is surrounded by personal advisers of Marxist persuasion, will introduce radical fiscal measures. There have been hints that the foreign banks in Ceylon five British and three Indian and Pakistani might be nationalized. The Western oil companies Esso, Caltex and Shell continued to do business here after some of their facilities were seized. Now they are being almost entirely closed. SOLE RIGHTS The full cabinet decided shortly after the change of portfolios that the Ceylon Petroleum Corp. created by Ilangaratne "should be assigned the sole ' rights of distribution of petroleum products over the whole country with effect from Jan. 1, 1964." The decision came as there was speculation on steps to have American aid resumed. Technicl assistance grants of $1.3 million and loans of $3 million were halted on the ground that "meaningful steps" had not been taken to pay compensation for seized assets. Now the other assets of the companies will become useless to them. Experts in the finance ministry had been reported to feel that American aid was neessary in drawing up the budget to be presented in late July. But Ilangaratne has changed those experts. The budget he will present, and the reaction it stirs in the country, are expected to indicate the direction Ceylon is going. school freshman. She expects to start college at the University of Minnesota pi Duluth next fall. She got into the unusual occupation, Connie says, "because there wasn't a boy born first in our family, (AP) i rights In our platform providing for legislation which would desegregate any public facib'ty involving any tax funds, whether the taxes came from federal, state, or local governments. We were opposed to segregation in public housing or in public schools or in public swimming pools or in public parks or any other installation or facility supported by tax funds. We did not go so far as to propose federal legislation to desegregate privately owned facilities. It is also my understanding that Sen. Dirksen (GOP Senate leader) said it was his opinion that the Republicans would support the civil rights package with the exception of that provision of desegregating privately owned businesses. Q. Do you think there might be some way in which Sen. Dirksen C ' - 5 - - , - , .rnmiini V""" 11 11 ' J& PARTY GIRL Christine in a car. on her way to Magistrate with another party girl. She also said Court in London where she appeared she had sexual relations with former as a prosecution witness in the hearing British War Minister John Profumo. of vice charges against Ward. She testified Lord Hungary Changes To Urban Nation Nations of Hie World (No. 15) (EDITOR'S NOTE Him-gary In Yt long history has suffered much under conquerors as have so many of the countries of middle and Eastern Europe. More then 1,000 years ago the Asiatic Huns came sweeping in from the Siberian plain. In this century it has been the Nazis and Russians. But life goes on, and here is a look at Hungary today. The dispatch is another in a series by United Press Inter national reporters living and working in countries around the world. I By ILONA GAZDAG United Press International j BUDAPEST (LTD Hungary, once-part cf Central Europe's sprawling and powerful Austro-Hungarian empire, is a small country today and a changing one. Once almost entirely agrarian, it is becoming ever more industrialized. The switchover has been dramatic, with 61.9 per cent of Hungary's income from industry, and S2.1 per cent from agriculture. But the Hungarian people remain much as depicted in song and story. The country's women have voluptuous figures and are renowned for their tiny, tiny waists. The j men tend to dark good looks, stocky of build, medium in height, often with black hair, high cheek bones and flashing eyes. Almost all the population over 96 per cent speaks Magyar, Hungary's mother tongue. The language belongs to the Flnno-Ugrian group and is unlike that of any of the countries surrounding. There are very small minorities of Germans, Slovakians, Romanians, Serbs and Croats who cling to their own languages and customs. BORDERS HAVE VARIED Since the first conquest of what is now Hungary by the Huns in 896, the country has had many might compromise this issue? Miller: I do, I do, I do, I do, I do. Q. Do you think most of Republican members in the House feel the same way you do about the program? Miller: Well, I've got to admit that I don't know, but as far as I'm concerned I, as the national chairman, feel I am bound by the platform we adopted. And I think we will go that far. Q. What's your view on this, Mr. Bailey? Bailey: As chairman of the Democratic National Committee, I don't want to get into any partisan debate on this at this time. Q. Chairman Miller, has Governor Rockefeller's remarriage damaged his party standing to such an extent that you believe the contest for the Republican Keeler sits paid rent on Dr. Stephen (AP) Astor once sizes and shapes and a wide variety of rulers. Today, chewed down by wars and politics, it covers 35,910 square miles, roughly the size of the state of Indiana. But it Is 11 times more densely populated than Indiana, with 10,800,000 people. Hungary is bordered, geographically, by Austria on the West, Romania on the east, Yugoslavia on the south and Czechoslovakia and the U.S.S.R. to the north. Its climate is typical middle European, hot dry summers and cold winters. Roughly one-fifth of Hungary's people, or 2,200,000, live in Budapest, the capital city. The Danube runs through the city with Buda on one side and Pest on the other. Hungary is a "people's democracy" in government, tied to the East. Its premier is Janos Ka-dar who also is first secretary of the Hungarian Communist party. Hungary's economy is based on the "plan" system. After World War II a land reform program was instituted which ended in 1961 with complete collectivization of the agricultural industry. All the country's industry is state owned and operated and has been since 1949. LIVING IS MODEST The standard of living, by Western standards, Is modest but there is no unemployment. The average monthly income in business and industry is about 1,580 forints or just under $70 (the tourist rate of exchange equals 23 forints to the dollar). There is no income tax, and premiums for children and other benefits raise the family income slightly. The state provides free medical, dental and maternal care and schooling through the first eight years is state-financed. A low birth rate is a national concern. Exact figures are not known but a recent estimate noted that the number of legal abortions exceeded the birth rate by some 20 per cent. A typical middle class family in Hungary today is that of Eo-dre Szeker and his wife Earl presidential nomination !s now wide open? NOMINATION WIDE OPEN Miller: I think the fight for the nomination was always wide open. However, I must say that at this stage of the game, his remarriage has hurt him. It can be remembered that his divorce hurt him. according to the polls at least, a year and a half ago. Yet in a relatively short period of time his popularity went back up again to a point j where it was conceded by many that he was the leading candidate for the nomination. Now immediately following the remarriage I must admit in all candor that I think his popularity has suffered a drop but whether or not this will ;bi so 13 months from today I ara unable to say. J I an apartment she shared A black-haired and powerfully built man, Szekely works in a motorcycle repair factory where he earns about! 2,000 forints a month. Klari also works, at an elementary school where I she takes care of children whose parents are at work. For this; she earns about 1,250 forints a month, for a 44 hour day six days a week. Mari has another source of income, painting colorful designs on j textiles during spare time at home, for a housing industry cooperative. The de mand for this work is not steady but when she has orders she supplements the family income by about 500 forints a month. The Szekelys j have two chfl- dren, a son and daughter both la their teens. Each child is given 60 forints a month pocket money. The family's apartment on the sixth floor of a Budapest apartment house is rather too small for its needs three rooms plus kitchen, bath, foyer and a walk-in closet but the rent of 383 forints a month is all they can afford. They also have the benefit of a two-room summer and weekend cottage on the shore of Lake Balaton. It was bought by Szeke-Jy's mother, who lives with them and contributes 100 forints per month of her 421 forints pension she is the widow of a railroad worker to the family budget. HAVE A TV SET Endre and Klari have a television set and it is a popular j form of entertainment for the family. Their only othei- appliance jis an electric coffee grinder. Klari is saving for a refrigerator and expects to get it next year. Grandmother Szekely! is putting aside for a vacuum cleaner and both' women of the family dearly would like to own a floor-waxer. The Szekelys are relatively content. They have all they really need but, like most other Hungarian families J not much more. Endre Szekely is philosophic about his life. He summed it up for a reporter this way: "One shouldn't take life too unhappily. We've seen badj days enough but now it is little by lit tle getting better, One can' real- 7 complain,'

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