The Washington Post from Washington, District of Columbia on June 30, 1907 · Page 148
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The Washington Post from Washington, District of Columbia · Page 148

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, .- ^ * v * ' ~ ' ' T. * "^ " -^" \ * ^ "· * ** ^ ^ · * i "· *v *}! * , ' * « * - ' , . , , , . . , , , . , / ' . . - . , -- ' ' POST: SUNBAT, JUNE 3O, 1907. htm unta just, before be died, after whWh «be ' "became ill, and with , sick and wounded; was sent to Cairo, m. Sere her seot-was revealed and she wan dismissed from the service., Being thrown: on her own resources she served an engagement as a ballet girl, «nd then -went to Memphis, Tenn., and efcllsted again with the Third Illinois. After a service of two weeks she was found to be a woman and believed to be a Confederate spy. It was established, however, that she was a tru,e-blue Unionist, and sho was given an Outfit of the right kind of woman's clothes and sent back North. A girl of 12, giving the name of Charles Martin, enlisted as a drummer boy In «ne of the Pennsylvania regiments. She was well 'educated, wrote a good and rapid hand, and ,was made a clerk in the office of the officers of the regiment. After gor ing through seven battles unharmed she' was taken HI with typhoid fever and sejflt to the Pennsylvania Hospital, In Philadelphia. Here her. sex was discovered, ,and she was sent to her people, who had mourned her as dead. A young,woman, whose name was never made known to the War Department, left the convent at 'Wheeling, W. Va., and enlisted, undiscovered as to her sex. In the second Tennessee Cavalry, and accompanied the Army of the Cumberland to Nashville. She was in the thickest of the fight at Murfreesboro, and was wounded In the shoulder, an examination of which revealed that.. she was a woman. She had enlisted under the name of James S. Wayles, and,when' she was dismissed: she went to Bowling Green and enlisted again In the Eighth Michigan as regimental bugler. The girl knew how to Some Cruc fiab Storiee. I [Huntlngton (Fa.) Cor. Phlla. North American.} T IS related tor, a fact .that the reason bass jump--and it is common p_rao- tice of the ash--is because they wish to acquire grace and strength in "I have seen them studying weather conditions,, coming to the surface, gazing intently at the sky, finding the direction of the wind and satisfying themselves or Ing their ability against that of fisher-- rainy. \ $ "All Teal fishermen can vouch for the statemen- that bass ere fond of children., seen them eat up the little ones. of the handle a horse perfectly and was one of , the basB do durlnfr the BUmmer 18 the best "horsemen in the regiment. She made some reputation as a scout, remarkable HOW THE CITY THE NEAR FUTURE WILL RELIEVE TRAP- FIC CONGESTION. , [Sclentlfle American.] The present congestion Is caused mainly by the presence' of slow-moving trucks and delivery wagons. By the construction of a. trucking subway freigiit could be delivered direct into the basements, and the streets reserved for the street cars and vehicles. Qomcn in the Civil * / GIRLS WHO DONNED MALE ATTIRE AND ENLISTED IN THE ARMY PROVED GOOD FIGHTERS. [Los Angel A 3REATER number of women than one would suppose hid their sex by donning man's attire and going to the war to fight for the Confederate and Union sides A record was kept at the War Department during the Civil War of these "women soldiers," and tho data are both peculiar and interesting. Physical examinations for enlistment at that time did not amount to much--just the recruiting officer's eye measurement of the applicant's Inches. If the applicant approximated five feet in height and was not obviously blind, halt, lame or deaf and dumb, admission to the ranks ·was given, and this was particularly the case ·when the war had been in progress a. couple of years. The wonder does not, therefore, seem so great that a considerable number of women actually sol- d.e:ed as uniformed men during the Civil War. A majority of these adventurous women enlisted on the Union side, and their sex in most cases was only revealed when they were wounded in action. There were doubtless many more women who enlisted in the armies of both sides as men than the records show--women who, having escaped wounds and detection, ·were mustered out at the close of their enlistments, or at the conclusion of the ·war, without their sex becoming known to their officers or comrades. It seems almost incredible that some of these ·women, whose cases are well authenticated, should have carried out their deceptions with such success uncler difficult circumstances, but the fact remains that very few of them were discovered to be women through their poor acting of their soldierly roles. Perhaps no woman who took part in the conflict has been the recipient of more notoriety through the press than Dr Mary E. Walker, who did not make en effort to hide her sex, wore "britches" and all other garments worn by men, end was a · commissioned assistant surgeon, the only woman who ever bore such a distinction. The records at the War Department show that Dr. Mary V, alker rendered valuable service to the Union army, and In an interview she £aid to the writer: "I went to the war In the interest of humanity--to relieve suffering wherever I found It--and I spent a comfortable fortune in this effort. I knew no North, no South, when it came to ministering to the sick and distressed, and I have no cause to regret that I did so. I found many warm hearts among the men and women of the South." One of the females who started In to be a soldier had a brief but. entirely satisfactory career. This young girl enlisted at Blue Lick, Ky., and was sworn into service. Although togged out In boy's clothes there was something about the new recruit which convinced the sur- gean that "he" was a deuced good-looking female. The surgeon soon found his suspicion well founded, and asked the girl why she wished to enlist. She frankly told him that the youthr she loved was In the army, and that she proposed to be as near him as she could. The Colonel ·was ma,de acquainted with the facts, and the lady-1'ke bearing of the devoted young girl soldier had so impressed him that he discharged the young Romeo, ^and it was but a short tljne--the same day--betore the pair becftme man and wife. The husband re-enlisted later and made a good soldier. ^/-x One of the strangest cases of^devotlon to country was brought out in the enlistment of a young girl at Brooklyn, N. T., and her death on the field of battle. It appears from all the circumstances that she believed Providence had called her to go to the front. The parents of the girl were cognizant of the hallucinations which she possessed, and endeavored to prevail upon Vjer to put them aside, but this she jsieacreastly declined to do. As a last resorT~they had her sent to a town in Michigan, where it was believed a change of clmate and scenes'would bring about recovery. Th's, however, proved about the worst thing the parents could have done, for she made her escape from the nurses, and going to Detroit enlisted as a. drummer boy. With the army of the Cumberland she endured all the hardships through which the soldiers went. It was at the battle of Lookout Mountain that a ball wounded ber in the side, and when the surgeon made an examination of the wound her sex was discovered. The surgeon realized that the wound would proye fatal, and told her that ab» must five her right name and :es Times.] address so that her father and mother could be communicated with. This she fought against almost to the very last, but finally yielded and told all. Miss Major Pauline Cushman was one of the best-known Federal scouts and spies, and rendered excellent service to the Government. She was an actress at the beginning of hostilities, and while playing at Louisville, Ky., was arrested by the Federal authorities because It was believed that she was In the employ of the Confederacy. This she denied, and proved her loyalty *by accepting an appointment in the Secret Service, and was assigned to General Rosecrans. Time and again she visited the enemy's lines and made herself familiar with all the roads in the Southern States. Miss Major Cushman was made a. prisoner twice, but managed to escape without giving away any of the secrets intrusted to her by the Federal Government. It was Just after Nashville was taken that the little woman was captured while making a trip near that city. Again she managed to escape, only to be recaptured the following morning. The Confederates held to her this time, and found in her garters papers ·which proved conclusively that She was a scout and spy. Arrangements were made to put her where she could not do further services for the Federal Government, but the Union forces marched in and took possession. ) Sue Monday the female guerrilla, dressed herself In a Confederate uniform and trained with Captain Alexander's band of outlaws and cutthroats. The last known of Sue Munday's desperate work she was with the notorious Berry, and became known by the name of Lieutenant Flowers. Many an unfortunate man and , woman has been forced to stand and deliver at her command. Such feeling as fear never entered her make-up, and she was never more contented than when engaged in !her guerrilla warfare and work. Anmne Lillybridge, a. sixteen-year-old girl, enlisted at Detroit so .that she might be near her sweetheart,, who was a Lieutenant in the Twenty-first Michigan, Notwithstanding the fact that she thought she had everything fixed she was assigned to a different company In the same regiment. She did not like this, and made every effort to get a transfer, but failed. Through a number of engagements the'young girl stood manfully at the front and did good service. In 1863 she received a wound In the arm, *and then it was that her sex was discovered, and her pleadings for retention in the service failed. When she found 6 out that she must don woman's clothes and go home she declared that she would try it over again with some other regiment, but -whether she succeeded or not Is not known; at all events her name does not appear on the war records after the . first discovery. "Frank Miller" was the name taken by Frances Hook, a fourteen-year-old girl, who enlisted with her brother at Chicago. The pair took up. their fortunes with the Sixty-fifth, known as the Home Guard. They served three months and were mustered out. Again they enlisted in the Nineteenth Illinois, and the "brotiher was killed at Pittsburg Landing. The devoted sister remained In the regiment and did her duty until at the battle near Chattanooga, when she was taken prisoner. While attempting to escape she was shot through the leg, and then her sex became known, and she was held a prisoner In Atlanta for several Weeks, when she was exchanged. A young woman named Mary Owens, of Danville, Penn., enlisted in order to be with Her husband. The girl's father had been violently opposed to the marriage, and they were married secretly. When sh» donned man's clothing and enlisted under the name of John Evans she told her husband that she would remain with, him until death parted them. She endured all the hardships of the camp and dangers of the field, and saw her husband shot dead by her side, and she returned to her home wounded. Her sex was not discovered while she was in the service, and for 18 months she did good fighting. Mrs. Belle Reynolds, the wife of Lieutenant Reynolds, Company C, Seventh Illinois Regiment, was with her husband during several heavy battles and for her valiant conduct she was commissioned a Major by Governor Tates, of Illinois. Mrs. Reynolds .made no effort to conceal her sex. She has lived for many years at Santa Barbara, and took an active part in the recent Grand Army Encampment there. Fannie Wilson, a pretty brunette, enlisted in the Twenty-fourth New Jersey In order that she might follow her sweetheart, who was a, member of the regiment, into the field. He knew nothing qf her action, but she saw him every day, and came near being assigned to the same mess tent with him. The young woman fought through the W-ast Virginia campaign, and then n-ir regiment was ordered before Vicksburg. Her lover was wounded, and ' without revealing her sex .the jrirl nursed him. . not making herself .known to having made some remarkable expeditions which were attended with signal- success. She was a tall girl, of graceful figure, auburn hair and blue eyes, and was recognized as the handsomest soldier In the regiment. After her second enlistment it was not 4ong before, It, became known that she was not a man, and she was mustered out. This young woman stated that she was intimately acquainted with a young woman who held a Lieutenant's commission; that she had assisted in burying three female soldiers at various times, and that their sex waa unknown to any one save herself. She Informed the department that there were many females carrying mus- iets and bearing drama. The brother of an Ohio glri enlisted In one of the regiments from that state, and his determination to fight for the flag was followed by his fifteen-year-old sister, who marched- out with the Third Ohio.. While in camp at Camp Jackson and Camp Dennison she assisted in all the duties of forming,?, new camp at the latter place, handling lumber, doing sentry duty, c., and it was two weeks 'before she learned that there were two Camp Dennisons, and that her brother ·was at the other one. Straightway she made application for a transfer, but failed. She wanted to go to the Pennsyl- vanit Camp Dennison, and she wanted, to go bad. One of the reasons that she gave for asking for the transfer was this, that she wanted to be with Americano and that her own company was composed largely of Irish and foreigners. ^ Colonel Morrow talked to the young soldier, bringing out a confession as to her sex and her reasons for enlisting. Without much ceremony she was dismissed and sent home. Scores of ·women accompanied their husbands to the war for weeks, at a time, but few of them went In male attire. To the honor and glory of American manhood it can be said that Insults were never, offered. evne near to resHsteflr the. dream of perpetual motion. The hull of the acaw ooiMihrfad of two shells, the out; . - , . , ' . . er o n e o f planks t o ride upon t h e water, BASS. ARE HIGHLY EDUCATED AND PRACTICE WLESvTO *» the inner one of Seavyrfeet iron, -- · . which held the load Of wood and fur* FOOL ANGLcRS. . * nistied the motive power tor helping the . - windmill. The inside scow of sheet iron was supported from two stout 'uprights, one at each side amidsblos, and was lifted far enough from the wooden scow to permit it to vibrate back and forth with a the craft \As the undulatory motion of the scow was communicated to the huge, heavy pendulum, a cogwheel at the point of attachment where the pendulum, joined the supporting * upright, revolved at the rate of a cog to every rise and fall, and this set In motion another submerged propeller that was operated Independently of the wind. It thus came about that when old man Brewer had laden his scow with cordwood and the waves were lapping along the shore, though npt a breath of wind was stirring, be could furl the sails of his windmill and with no impulsive energy, save what 'he obtained from the rise and fall of the waves, he could navigate his craft across tha pond at the rate of three or four miles an hour. Many years of "Squire Brewer's" long and useful life were devoted to getting up labor-saving Inventions. He devised the first self-dumping wheel hayrake ever used in this country. Every time tha curved teeth of the rake became heavy, with the load of hay, a device fl^ed to withstand a pull of 50 pounds was released, and the hay was deposited in even quantities across the field, the rake flying back to Its original position as soon as the weight was released. Another Invention was an arrangement of wire springs and twine attached to the alarm clock by the side Of the "squire's" bed, which operated 'chutes In the stable and sent grain and hay down to the cribs of the horses when the alarm went off. What Is claimed to have been the greatest discovery of all, however, was minds that it was a false friend, go off army, most of then} minus their fighting the self-operating scow, which was able · · · · - - - t o move from place t o place without t h e aid of sail or oar or steam or any agency, save the regular motion of a pendulum. Though Squire Brewer never secured patents on any of his devices for the aiding of toiling humanity, and though he made bold excursions Into fields where few dared to follow, his great ideas seem to have fallen into desuetude since his death, and now there are few alive who can recall what he accomplished, ' Co Build Bicycle Railway. men. ·' 1 Several men who say they ,. they , are talking about point out that* bass do most of their jumping during the spring, and are especially active just before the open season begins. At this time they may be seen doing long-distance jumps, somersaults and side-stepping. One bass expert goes so far as to say that he spent an entire afternoon watching a three-pound bass dragging a long willow sapling "'through the water and acting as if Itjwere caught on a hook. Leaping Into" the air, It would turn in a half circle as If to disgorge the barb, -and .then it would swim backward In an endeavor to snap the" branch. This fisherman asserts that what jump- are natural' "defenders 'home life, and when a carp or catfish comes browslnsr around to devour the eggs the female had laid, the male will attack the intruder by swimming under the enemy and slashing · htm with the sharp dorsal spine. - ' ° "Xonce knew a bass so intelligent that it refus.ed to bite on the" ordinary bait and was only caught after a p*a,ge from an encyclopedia; had Wen tied to the hook. Higher education was his finish." One of the strangest under-water battles In history In this section was witnessed yesterday by B. Radford, the champion bass* fisherman of Eastern merely to keep in practice, and not get stale. "Bass are intelligent little beasts; that ls_ihe reason they travel in schools," remarked Walter Dumpling, an authority on fishing and a candidate · for the nature faker class. "I have frequently Observed them studying," he continued, "whether It was better taste to swallow a minnow whole or on the installment' plan. I have seen a stream that flows into Pool* a favorite haunt of the black bass. . Bed Run Is filled with crawfish. Wai- worth noticed that the fish were leaping about in an unusual manner. Looking closer, he saw the reason. An army of crawfish , was attacking the school of bass, driving them frantic by nipping-at their tails. Of a sudden the fish all darted away In the direction of Devil;s Pool, and for a few seconds everything was quiet. Then the water was lashed to a foam, and dead crawfish flew-in every direction. When the Warden looked again he saw a magnificent eleven-pound bass rise slowly to the surface and turn over on SINGLE-TRACK SYSTEM IN MASSACHUSETTS WILL HAVE SPEED OF 160 MILES AN HOUR. them seeking knowledge concerning rub- its side. Scuttling down the stream were ber frogs, * and having made up their a dozen; or so survivors of the crawfish [Boston American.] and warn their comrades. clawa. Reasoning power of Hmmals. "DOHONG," J INVENT W ORANG-UTAN, WHO SD THE LEVER. HOW "DOHONG" APPLIED L-EVER. THE WILL SAVE SOULS BY MAIL. H*OW "DOHONG." THE ORANG-OUTANG, USED A LEVER IN HIS ATTEMPT TO BREAK DOWN BARS OF HIS CAGE. New Tork World. I A plan for the salvation of levee souls by the follow-up correspondence system was developed to-day as the result of a. sensational sermon by Jlev. William H. McLennan, In i which he denounced the' use of young girls in efforts at levee reform and declared that the young must not be taken into haunts of vice, even on a holy mission. The new plan of reformation was suggested by the correspondence head of a mall order house, who offered "to guarantee that It would succeed beyond any plan ever attempted. A woman associated with the'movement said to-day: "The pfalice will aid us to obtain the names under which the women In those houses receive their mail. The names will then be listed with the bureau, which will send «ach woman a letter every day without cessation until she replies. "When, a reply Is received asking' for an appointment with one of our regular visitors we shall promptly respond. The plan is to compel attention to our mands by a persistent hammering." «*· PROPHECY REALIZED. [Leslie's "Weekly.] June 20, 1867. the fortieth anniversary of the day on ·which the Alaska annexation treaty went Into operation, is a date mark of great importance to the United States. When, shortly before his death. In 1872, William H. Seward was asked R [Scientific American.] » EASON Is that faculty of the. and no enemies to guard against, he mind which argues, Rationally, and which fronj known facts This faculty King of tha draws conclusions, has been* annexed by the started In to destroy. Occaslonaliyhe had for companions two chimpanzees of the opposite sex, who were fairly ladylike In their behavior, but ever ready to aid and abet "Dohong" In any of the schemes. "Dohong" had no , _J t J f*,Uf W-*. C.KC7 fS^tlfim'Siy* ·i-'fAAVXiJie Jjwu J4W Animal Kingdom to his own special do- compunct i on , n mak i n g U se of their serv- rnaJln, and he (has obtained a good deal of aaitisfactlon In his supposed 'exclusiva possession of this valuable asset. Now, when a fellow cannot tell you what he is thinking about, either because he has no language, or because you do not understand it if he has, it is rather dlfllcult to fathom the workings of his mind; and we are tempted to say that what we do not understand does not exist. It is fair to say that this applies to our lack of understanding of fhe minds of animals. * And this brings us to "Doliong," an orang-outang, that occupied a cage Ip the ices when he required them. The bars on the side of the cage were to him a source of great Interest. How could he get them, down? He stood In front of them, looking at them In a most critical manner, and - considering the question. He got up on the shelf and hold of one end, grasped a steam SHOESTRING TO A TANNERY. [White Pine News.] Jack Connor, a soldier of fortune from jSeattle, walked into the Monte Carlo gambling house yesterday with his pockets empty. This morning he arose from a'faro table and edged through the dense crowd which for several hours had watched his daring play, with $6,500 of the house's money In his pocket. Connor had a streak of luck that would .have made a yellow dog sick. He had been in Goldfleld but a few short hours ·when he blew into the Monte Carlo. On the floor his eye connected with a ten- cent piece. He picked up the coin from the fl6or, and walking over to a near-by roulette wheel, placed It In "17," the gambler's number. There was a. heavy play at the time, and little attention was paid to Connor's bet. "Seventeen in the black," drawled the dealer, ^tnd calmly proceeded to take and pay the numerous bets strung out on the layout. "Thirty-five for one and your money back," drawled the dealer as he laid $3 and a 4-bit piece beside the dime. Connor picked up his money and elbowed his way to a faro game. Luck was still With him, and as he won he Increased the size of his bete. The Monte Carlo has the highest limit of any house In town-$100 to cases--and Connors was not long In reaching It. The pikers soon quit, and he had the layout to himself for the greater part of the time, with a dense crowd gathered around the table watching the play. Time after time did he call the turn, at last, weary of the game, he cashed in, $6,500 winner off a dime which he found on the floor. "From a shoestring to a tannery," re- M T RAILROAD will be built. I have spent most of my own money, but I will get the capital and then I will demonstrate that I have really solved the question of rapid transportation." This Is the declaration of E. Moody Boynton, the aged Inventor, who after four years of fighting Legislatures and corporations bactced by millions, has had the charter for his bicycle railway between Boston anu Fall River renewed. He has found capitalists who are ready to back him and within a short time the work of construction of the road will be begun, he believes. When the Boynton bicycle railway is In operation passengers will be carried over its lines at a speed of 160 miles an hour. One of the uicycle trains will make the trip from Boston to New Tork In an hour and a half. The bicycle trains will be the fastest In the world, and the safest. One of the claims of the inventor--and he has convince-! eminent railway engineers that he Is rig lit--Is that accidents cannot happen on the bicycle roads. What can be done by a bicycle train has been proved on a short road constructed at Bellport, L. I. Inventor Boynton Is a ·wonderful man. Although'weakened physically by the battle he has fought since the charter he had granted him by the Legislature In 1898 was taken from him In 19O3, because he had not started to build, his mind is as keen as it Was in the days when he worked out "the problems that enabled him, to lay before capitalists his plan to revolutionize the transportation business of the world. A fortune 5 which he and hla.,family possessed when he got his first charter has disappeared, but he is satisfied that another will come to them when the road is built, and he Is happy. Moody Boynton won his fights In the Legislature because · he never gave up. He was never discouraged. When one Legislature, or one committee, tuned him down he tried again. He never permitted the .slightest detail of the situation to slip from his mind. When all friends were convinced that the fight was lost he would smile and say to them: "I'm going to keep on trying. Some taey will see that I am sincere and right and they will give me back m£ charter. ' Corporations hired costly counsel and spent hundreds of thousands of dollars mike it .impossible for Mr. Boynton to get his charter again, and a short time ago it looked as if they would succeed. Tne bill to restpre the charter had practically been killed by the Senate when Mr. Boynton suggested a new moda of procedure. His friends got the bill before a second committee of conference. The committee reported In favor of the bill. 9erhaips nowhere Is Moody Boynton better known than In the newepapeii offices. He has unlimited faith In the, power of the press, and day after day and night after night he sought the busy editors and laid his case bafore them. Hundreds of columns have been printed a/bout him and his railway, and the interest of the newspaper men in him, Mr. Boynton believes, has aided him In winning his fight. In the four years Mr. Boynton has been visiting the newspaper offices he has aged a dozen years, and had he to battle against Legislatures and the corporations many wore months those who know best are satisfied that Ire would have given way under the strain. "But It's all over now and I'll get again," says Mr. Boynton. The bill renews for the old Inventor original charter of his Boston, Qulncy and Fall River Bicycle Railway. The charter had lapsed and died. Mr. Boynton had always Insisted In other days on retaining at least 51 per cent In the enterprise. Capitalists wefe reluctant to go In with him under these conditions. It was said at one time in- the present session that the Inventor had abandoned his old insistence on the 51 per cent. Invention is for a car superficially quite like the ordinary trolley, traveling on single track at high speed. took hold of one end, grasped a pipe with the other handl^ind pulled. No marked a habituS of the house as the success. He then persuaded one of his lucky man made his way to the door. friends, the chimpanzee, to assist him; 'fj . and they worked together. The writer did not see how they loosened the first bracket, but he did see what»he did with. AROUSING UNCLE JOHN. the second bracket. This is what he saw: The distance between brackets is about three feet. The flrst one was loose, and "Dohong" was standing on the shelf pulling at the end; [Kansas City Journal.] Tflere was r he usual crowd of villagers sitting on tl? e postofflce steps waiting for the mail to be distributed, and among de- north end of Jhe Primates House at the but' the" second bracket held. H6 let go, them was" Uncle .John. He had Joined Zoological Park in the Bronx He was a flne, big, red fellow with the long arms of his kind and a very serious manner. stopped and considered, rubbing his chin with his hand for all the world like a workman who has a difficult piece of work before him. H* mounted the bar. Perhaps he never really smiled, but there put his back against the wall and pushed, was a kindly expression about his face whlcfh was very attractive. He took life the sitters without saying a word, and at the end of 15 minutes one of the men winked at the crowd and said: " "Well, Uncle John, but have you heard about the big earthquake Jn Vermont, chimpanzees to help him, she sitting next , , s to him on the bar. No result. The other wtt h iO.OOO people killed? very seriously, was most deliberate In all chimpanzee sat on the floor watching the his actions, and was curious In a most careful and painstaking way. The walls of the cage In which he was confined are lined with smooth llgnolith what he believed to be the greatest -below and wood above. At the back achievement of his public career, he answered: "The annexation of Alaska." He added, however: "But the American people will not grasp the value of that acquisition for a third of a century yet." This shows that Sewarfl, the empire- builder, was also a prophet. Seward has been dead for 35 years, and It is only in recent times that his countrymen have appreciated the importance of Alaska as a possession. Strong opposition was offered In the House of Representatives In 1867 to making the appropriation of ?7,200,000, the price which Seward paid to Russia for the province. Said one of annexation's opponents in that chamber: "All that Alaska will ever be able to produce Is polar bears and Icebergs." B*or severa.1 years a nickname for the region was "Seward's Folly." But time has vindicated SeWard. MADE A FACE AT THE KAISER. [Leslie'* Weekly.] The goddess of justice must have distorted her face into an undignified grin when a man In Germany recently was convicted of lese majeste for running out his tongue at the Kaiser. - This conviction is so comical that it is tragic. The criminal, a laborer, by the name of Brunlng, has had the greatness of international notoriety thrust upon him, but It will hardly be a recompense for nine months' imprisonment. In Pittsfield, the .fair city that is the heart of Berkshire, the prayer meeting of the celebrated Old First Church waS stampeded the other- evening by a mouse. The women present were so badly frightened that one of the brethren moved that the meeting adjourn. If W high Sheriff of Berkshire County had been, summoned to arrest the mouse, and the District Attorney had brought him before the grand jury for sacrilege and reckless cruelty, the arrest and trial would not (have been more absurd" than this foreign case. If the Kaiser had any sense of the ridiculous Bruning's Imprisonment will be brief. BE CAEEFT7H s tPhiladelphia Ledger.] The summer time Is coming. The bird sings in the thicket; Tour uncle has your" winter suit- Be careful of the ticket. there is a door through which ttie cage is entered. This door is set In a partition ·which does not go to the top of the cage, but only up 'about five feet, making a shelf about three feet In width; and the back wall of the cage goes from the tfaelf to the celling. On each of the side walls there Is a round perch or bar of one and one half inches diameter, running from the back Ho the front of the cage; and affair with Intense interest. At last, with a mighty effort, they succeeded In breaking off a piece of the bar, and -the chimpanzees went off with It in a wild chase. Not so with "Dohong." He had his work to do, and felt the responsibility. Reaching down from the bar, he caught the chains holding the trapeze, thrust the bar of the trapeze through one of the brackets, and by main strength pried the bracket loose. Let us analyze a little. This ape certainly argued rationally, for In no other way could he have, correctly applied the lever. Even admitting that he kflew by' instinct (whatever that IB) what the lever was, to apply a, lever correctly one has to use reason. He must have reasoned out what a lever would do, and concluded this bar Is supported by wronght-Ircto , that in the bracket was the proper place to apply It. It Is the case of an animal using a tool. Without question he made use of reason, and any one watching him would have seen that the ape undoubtedly thought the whole matter out in a careful, deliberate and painstaking way. It will be noted that this writing is in the past tense, for "Dohong" is no more. On a visit to the Zoo some weeks ago his cage was found empty, and an inquiry of one of the'keepers brought the reply, "He's gone." It was said with a certain sadness, for, ape though he was, he had a personality, and who will question after this testimony that he had some of that which bracelets bolted to the wall. In the center of the cage is a trapeze hung by chains. "Dohong" was destructive--not constructive. This was partly due to lack of education, but principally to lack of opportunity. Everything was provided for him. His bed was loose straw, which served his purpose^ A blanket might have been better fO£ him, but to tear up a blanket was an admirable ·way to while away a Tialf hour of the dreadful tedium of cage life. His food came at regular in- humans call Intellect? rervals unasked. What more can an ape -- -require than enough to eat and a place |) to Asleep? Strange to say, "Dohong" ed more. He wanted occupation, and\as there was no nest to construct, N. B.---This article was submitted to Dr. HornAflay, Director of the Zoo, for his approval and criticism. Dr. Hornaday states I that "Dohong" used a lever on many occasions. Invented a pendulum Boat V CRAFT (ALMOST SOLVED THE PROBLEM OF PERPETUAL MOTION. T [3oodale'« Corner (lie.) Cor. Bo«ton Herald.] ult of ten years of brain point where.lt could be hauled to the by the late Jerome Brewer, brickyards, the invention was known aa inor of whose grandfather "Brewer's windmill." It was really a of Brewer was named, self-propelling scow that, owing to Brew- fO f people held their breath in surprise. 'HB wo: in the ci lies In a. shapeless scrap heap on the southern shores Uf Brewer's pond In the town of Orringthn near the Bucksport line. ] . , When afloat and of kiln wood Uncle John looked at him In a weary way and Shook his head. "And the cyclone In Connecticut yesterday and 500 bouses blown down?" continued the man. Uncle John yawned and was not the least interested. "Tha Ohio River rise 200 feet of a sudden the other day and carried the city of Cincinnati down stream. Tens of thousands of people lost their Mves. Any of your relatives down there, Unele John?" ' The old man slowly shook his head and reached down to pick up a sliver and pick his teeth with it. "And the whole state of Pennsylvania is caving In," said the joker, "and by tomorrow there will be a. great lake where 5,OOO,OOO or 6,000,000 people have lived." Uncle John took the news without a word. In fact, he yawned and stretched over It. "By thunder, but there goes a rat under that pile of lumber across the street," exclaimed the Joker as he rose up. "Say, you fellers--" But he got no further. Uncle John was across the street and had a club in his hand, arid within the next 10 minutes he had done a half day's work ' tearing down the 'pile to get at the rat. He had been aroused at last. «* TAB SHOES FOR GEESE. tPhilli sine Gossip.] In the late fall and "early "winter a goose market is held at War-saw, and geese to the number of 5,000,000 congregate in the town. The geese march to market on foot.' Some come from 100 and 150 miles ftway. To protect the feet on this long journey they are shod. The goose herd first makes them walk back »d-forth in Vnelted tar. With a coat of tar on their feet they the,n walk through fine sand. The result is that they are shod with a good, strong shoe of mixed * tar and ·sand, that protects them well on their Journey to the Warsaw goose market. .- S4ff 56-YEAE-OLD PAHROT DIES. [Morton fPenn.) Cor. Philadelphia Record.] When The Record recently announced the death of a parrot 30 years old a lot Hfter Baseball Records. CINCINNATI MEET MAY DISPLACE VAUGHN, SUNDAY AND LANGERS IDOLS. f ^ (Chicago Tribune 1 G A.RRT HERRMANN Is a public threw.the ball 134 yards 1 foot 8 inche* benefactor. Perhaps he was at Louisville, October 16, 1898, but those _ . . . . who were In the contest declare the wind weary of hearing ball players, f avored the throw fans, owners and managers dls- j t now is claimed that Wagner and cussing and arguing, and lying about the Dougherty can beat any of the records, relative speeds of men, their ability to and Herrmann wants them to get to., ., i_ ,_· ^ ,j j, gether and contest with all the strong- throw, run bases. c., and he has decided armed boys for gold . medals and a b i t Q f that It Is time to have some authentic supper money. records. The debate as to which player can get To that end Herrmann has planned a *° TS f- bass in ^^^ f tyle /* rte ' """I: . v Ing also may be decided--and I hope It field day for ball players, to be held on ^^ tor there Is more argument over ·the Cincinnati grounds September 10, and that question than ever a. split-second he has extended the Invitation to every watch can decide. . , , , , , , . I have timed hundreds o f players going ball club under the national agreement tJ flrst base( an £ the dlfference o f time to send its fastest runners, Its best throw- between the fastest and the slowest ers, Its most accurate bunters and its scarcely half a second in ordinary cases, star batters to Cincy to contest for prizes, "^ve^ tlfe^best^time 3 '^cau 'ht^'WOli* The field day ought' at least to stop Keeler perhaps 15 times when he ran arguments anB establish records which shade under four seconds after the bat, will stand until beaten at some other bumped the ball In an actual game. I _ , have seen players do even better when field day. ft it does nothing but prevent we were tlmlng . durlng . the mor nlng prac- debates between players and fans It will tlce--tout It Is a different affair when be worth the while. are Playing for blood. It ,s amusing sometimes to listen to the JS^SS^SSf^^. statements of men as to the abilities of run," I think little Butler, who was certain players. The records that are now the Columbus Club under Loftus, quoted as gospel truth have been handed l he fastest left-hander I ever saw go to down from generation to generation, ? rat base - He _ started quicker and went changed according to the needs of the fast ! r ev f" * han Keeler or any of the argument until they remind me of the "acks. .The fastest right bander I ever man wno dropped in at a hotel in Cincln- **? wats . J j mmy . C a »ahan, arid[he wa« natl one day when a crowd of horsemen not a qulck starter - but wonderful as a were discussing a wonderful mile run oy Imp at Latonia that day. The fellow wan a big farmer, and he butted into the crowd and listened for a time. Then he remarked: "Huh, that ain't nothing. They wuz a boss up at our town this summer run a mile in a minute and a half." Tet Callahan was beaten straightaway much slower, han and Everett In a big match West Side. time and larmer. i seen mm run. pr It Is the same way with practically all and interesting At least there test at Cmc!nnatl ought to prove excltln* a .»S»"«i,tse ~ er's Invention, could make headway against wind and current. A windmill, set high amicjshlp, operated a screw propeller at the stern, and was [oing duty as a carrier able to drive the scow right up Into the Brewer's pond to a eyes of a. gale. Ajpendulum-llke arrange-' Now Charles F. Heuokeroth, of this place, has- lost by death his Brazilian parrot, 5d years old. Its previous owners were George Haedrich and Dr. Kingston Goddard, Philadelphia, and John H. Irwln, Morton, all of Whom died ahead of "the bird. a matteV of fact Sunday was an extremely fast sprinter-but one of the slowest men In the busl«ess getting down to first, He would shoot across flrst base at a ten-second chp, but there were five men on the team with hrni who got to first quicker than he did. Tet he is held up as a speedy man. The recofds for throwing baseballs are all. in doubt. According to the generally accepted version. Ned Cranfe heads the record with 135 yards 1 foot K Inch, a record made at Cincinnati, October 12, 1884. It that throw was on the square It is doubtful if ever It has been beaten, It is alleged that TSans Wagner has beaten it and can beat it again. Under what conditions the throws were made, however, is not now recorded. Perhaps the fairest record Is that mail's in a match at Buffalo between Harry Vaughan and Jim O'Rourke, when Vaughan, throwing against a - light breeze, landed the ball 134 yards 2tt laches -from the line. Bans Wagner s? blff leagues, and Frank Smith, of Comts- key s pitching squad, can make the outfielders Jump fences after the ball at O ld time. Bill Dahlen, of New Tork !· another star. Dahlen got most t»f 'his training In trying to bat all An«on-« practice balls out of the lot so a cut mor nlng practice short. - . But the best fungo batter I ever watched perform was a slender redheaded young pitcher named McFarland. who -was with Anson for a UmTaBd later starred at Kansas City · He conW hit the ball higher, harder and drive It farther than any one I ever watched and ther^ never was a park {always ex- eepting Eastern Park at Brooklyn) with fences far enough away to keep the ball In When he was rapping It out. These are all unofficial. The official champions will be decided at- Cincinnati-and I venture to predict that there wfll be a lot of surprised ball player* when they find oat how they overestimate flings. · . . .NFW SPA PERI NF/WSPAPFEJ

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