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Tampa Bay Times from St. Petersburg, Florida • 1

Tampa Bay Timesi
St. Petersburg, Florida
Issue Date:
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TODAY'S THOUGHT Can any man hav hlghar notion of the nil of right and tha atarnal fitness of thlngiT Fielding. THE WEATHER 1 FLORIDA) Showers Tuatday; Wednesday generally fair, lomiwhif w.rm.r In north portion. Da-taila on Paga Sactlon 2. VOL. GO, NO.

265 ASSOCIATED PRKM UNJVKKHAX SERVICJi ST. PETERSBURG, FLORIDA, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1933 SIXTEEN PAGES PRICE FIVE CENTS CERMAK AND MRS. GILL GERMAN REDS PLANS RUSHED CERMAK GAINS Banks in Ohio and Indiana Restrict Withdrawals; Ford Buys Detroit Institutions VANDENBERG FAVORS BANK GUARANTEE LAW WASHINGTON, Feb. 27 Guarantee of 75 per cent of time deposits in banks through a system of Insurance in which the federal reserve organization would participate, waa advocated by Senator Vandenberg, Republican of Michigan, In an address here tonight Vandenberg predicted legislation to establish this insurance would have a beneficial effect on national confidence and help restore prosperity. Us said: 'The resources of this Insurance fund would come from an annual tax of one-eighth of one per cent upon all tha time deposits in the member banks in the federal reserve system, plus appropriate annual premiums by non-member banks wishing to participate.

Senate Passes Bankruptcy AFTER BERLIN FIRE Six Million Dollar Reichstag Building Destroyed; Hitler. Blames Communists By CHARLES L. FLICK (Special Cabla DUpatvh to Tha Timca) EKLIN, Feb. 28 (Tues-day) Chancellor Adolf itlcr early today decreed the immediate arrest of the 100 Communist reichstag deputies following fire of incendiary oriein which eutted the assem- Relief Bill But Approval By Both Houses Uncertain Ki? bly ball of the $6,000,000 reich- PI? tag building last night Part of tba glass dome designed x-Klser Wilhelm collapsed. 0 At a midnight session of the Prussian, minister of tbe Interior 2T ver which Minister Goering presid- tha government decreed the ar- of Communist deputiea Torgler Kuehn on suspicion of having accomplice of another Com- unint, Vanderluegg, who confeaaed tin tha blaze.

Two Men with Torchea Communist newspapers, election eaa'. wm ml rri V. thrmif.limit iu a. inwtuii. a oali.ii ItveeKa, inov watchman who reported the ion td bad aeen men with ntfcetYf torchea racing- through the Ijf trs.

A police cordon was hf thrown around the Reichstag i blocks to tha eaat. along tha i Viver 8 pre, around the Tiergarten Atid tha Koenlgplatjs. SJ Police In armored cars questioned civilians In the area while the Iclty's entire flre-flghting force was to the burning government building. They arrested a 30-year old Communist who confessed to setting the fire. He had a Dutch passport giving his name aa Vander leugg.

Folic believe he had accom plices. Thoiiaanda thronged in tha Koen- I rrT. V.I alAna thai ftnMA BAll Alt that roofs of homes and buildings front- ilng on tbe Tiergarten as the city's Viremen and apparatus ctangej Tkhrough tha styi ei flight to Re- k-j-iAic square. The flames spread rapidly, wholly uVstroying most of the woodwork, desjks, benches and galleries in the p'ertary nan. i an.

or tne glass aome destined by former Kaiser Wilhelm caved In. The floor of the plenary (Continued on Pag 2, Column 3) a 45 an 1 I GET ROOSEVELT WIRES HYDE PARK, N. Feb. 27. President-elect Roosevelt tonight sent telegrams of encouragement to Mayor Anton Cer-rnak and Mra Joe Gill, who ar fighting hard for recovery in a Miami hospital Roosevelt's wire to Cermak said "You ar making a gallant fight for recovery.

Keep up th good work. ar pulling for you." His wir to Mrs. Gill said: "Delighted at encouraging reports and am hoping and praying for a speedy recovery." Cermak and Mrs. Gill were injured when a would-be assassin fired upon Roosevelt WELFARE DRIVE WORKERS WILL MEET TONIGHT Plans for Campaign to Raise $30,000 Will Be Outlined By Leaders Preliminary Impetus will be given th drive planned by the. Com munity Welfare associates in a pub nc mass meeting tonight at 7:30 o'clock in tbe dining room of the Princess Martha hotel.

Information concerning the plans, purposes and methods of the drive will be given out at this time by Allen Grazier, chairman; Mra George S. Gandy, co-chairman, and others. It Is the intention to hav all committees, majors, captains and crews and ail other workers, as well as others who ar Interested, attend this meeting. The intensive drive for $30,000, sponsored by the Community Wei ar council comprised or more than 60 welfare, character-building and service organizations, will begin at o'clock Thursday mornina. Workers at thl time will meet in tha dining room of th Princess Martha hotel receive cards, en velopes and other materials.

There will no discussions, the workers to set out promptly at this time to call on prospects. No Luncheons Planned No breakfasts, luncheons or din ners will be held for th workers during the week the campaign is in progress, tha purposa of th drive being to operate without any expense. Every dollar raised will go direct to the five organizations helped by this drive namely, Salva tion Army, Y. M. Y.

W. C. A. Florence Crittenton Home and Boy Scouts. Even the drive headquar ters at Sixth street and Central ave nue have been donated without charge by M.

R. Crialip. William A. Kenmuir, chairman of the speakers' committee, lias ar ranged for short talks at the thea ters and over WSUN. He baa plan ned also to have announcements of the drive made in every church in St Petersburg next Sunday.

Speakers To Assist Thursday night during the band concert in Williams park, Allen Grazier, chairman of the drive, will speak. 'Friday night. Mayor Henry W. Adams will speak at th Florida theater, and the following night Comdr. LeRoy Reinburg will speak at La Plaza theater.

Other prom inent citizens have been asked to speak before different groups. New Pennsylvania Bank Law Passed HARRISBURG, Feb. M.3) Pennsylvania tonight granted individual banks emergency powers to limit withdrawals of deposits made up to and Including today. Deposits made tomorrow and thereafter are free from all restrie. tions.

Use of tha power is left to the discretion of th banks. Tha plan was adopted unanimous ly by the legislature and approved by Governor Pincbot Governor Plnchot said It will eliminate the "stigma and loss" to banks through closing their doors; will protect all banks and safeguard new deposits. Gov. George W. Norris of the Philadelphia federal reserve district asserted the plan will "pull money out of safety deposit boxes." WOMAN AND HER FOUR CHILDREN DIE IN FIRE FLINT, Mich, Feb.

27, (.1) Mrs. Mildred Hamilton, 21, and four of her five children were burned to death in their home this afternoon, when, authorities believe, Mrs. Ham ilton used kerosene in lighting a fire. Ernest Hamilton, aged (, was out side the house when tbe explosion occurred. He ran to th nearby home of his grandfather.

Hueh Hamilton, to summon aid. The in terior of the house was destroyed by flames that followed he explosion. The father, William Hamilton, was. at work when the exrlosion occurred. Brought Jo the scene half an hour later he collapsed.

The children killed were: Minnie, William Jr, 3, Robert 1, and Hubert three months old. Ernest had just left the bouse when the explosion occurred. BUSINESS CARDS FOR 25c A DAY Do you know that you can run full-sized business card of five lines (approximately 30 words) in tbe leading classified advertising medium for as little as 25c a day, INCLUD ING SUNDAYS? Dial (101 and learn about the low- contract rats for advertising. Adv. WIX SUIT IS FILED 1 GIVE DOCTORS RENEWED HOPE At Midnight Physicians Say Wounded Chicago Mayor Is Holding His Own JITIAMI, Feb.

27-UP) May- If A or Anton Cermak of Chicago, critically wounded by Giuseppe Zangara, the assassin, bravely fought the inroads of pneumonia to the satisfaction of his physicians tonight. The following bulletin was Issued at midnight tonight by physicians attending the mayor: At midnight Mayor Cermak was fairly comfortable and in spite of the right lower lobe pneumonia, his circulatory and kidney function is being maintained In a satisfactory manner. We feel his condition is somewhat hopeful at this hour. Temperature 100; respiration 36; pulse 120." Despite his continued grave condi tion, an 8:30 o'clock bulletin said. Mayor Cermak showed "surprising resistance to the pneumonic pro cess." Dr.

3. W. Snyder said the area of the lung congestion had not increas ed since afternoon, when it was reported to have doubled sine first discovered. Heart Showing Strain The Chicago Mayor had a quiet comfortable day, tba bulletin said, adding that there waa no evidence of a failure of vital procesess tonight His heart has been in. bad shape for several days and this morning showed continued signs of Dr.

Snyder expressed satisfaction at Mr. Cermak's increased display of spirit and Interest today, and added: "There is every Indication he will live through the night." Mr. Cermak took more nourish ment today. He at cereal, gelatin and custard Us of the oxygen tent to relieve his breathing which was easier to night was continued. Prior te the CMS bulletin, doctors in Individual comment said, their hopes far saving the patient had been lessened by the pneumonia.

However, a cheerful note was sounded by Dr. Meyer who said "if we can sustain him for two or three days at th present rate he may be able to win over the lung Senator Thomas Walsh of Mon tana who was married Saturday in Havana, Cuba, called by the hospital to ask about the mayor's condition He expressed sympathy for the mayor's family and said he hoped the mayor would survive the ordeal. Dr. Walter Hamburger, Chicago heart specialist and one of five attending physicians, said late today it seems to me the patient has been slipping, slowly but progressively, sine Saturday." Hope Not Abandoned The climbing respiration rate was an added worry today aa the oxygen tent into which Mayor Cermak was placed several days ago, failed to accomplish its purpose of easing the Btrain upon lungs and heart At times the respiration soared to 40 per minute," and then dropped down to 36. The normal rate is 16 to IS.

In that condition. Mayor Cermak is breathing almost in gasps, Dr. Meyer said. The air being pumped by the oxy. gen tent fop Cermak to breathe con' tained 40 to 60 per cent oxygen.

Normal air is only 20 per cent oxygen. The present oxygen percentage Is about as high as we can make it' Dr. Hamburger said. "I have not completely abandoned hope that Mayor Cermak would re cover, but every passing day with no appreciable improvement means that bis chances become less. Tbe steady upward trend of the respiration is dangerous." Throughout the day, Mayor Cer mak was "mentally clear and alert and that is somewhat Dr.

Hamburger said. The Cermak family continued to spend most of the time at the hos pital. The quiet zone established yesterday in th hospital wing where Cermak's room is located was continued today, and the family spent most of the time on the spacious lawn. Floyd P. Kenlay, husband of Mayor Cermak's younger daughter, arrived today from Chicago.

Mrs. Joe H. Gill, wife of a Miami public utilities company executive, who was shot at the same time as Cermak, continued her slow but gradual recovery in another room of the hospital Her temperature, pulse and respir ation are normal in such a case her attending physician. Dr. T.

W. Hut- son, We see no Indications of any un favorable developments," Dr. Hutson said. "Mrs. Gill is progressing splendidly.

Her recovery seems certain," he concluded. W0 MORE OHIO CITIES RESTRICT WITHDRAWALS COLUMBUS, Feb. 28. (Tues day) () The eight clearing house banks of Columbus and seven of the eight clearing house members In Cincinnati early today Joined tha growing list of Ohio banks that restricted withdrawals within the last 43 hours. Forest Hills Hotel, Augusta, Ga All Sports, Ideal Golf, Crasa Greens, Tees Adr.

BY ROOSEVELT ON 'NEW DEAL President -Elect Silent Bu Indications Point to Swift Action By F. M. STEPHENSON (Associated Pros HtrnH Writer) TTYDE PARK, Feb. 2 JLA President-elect Roose velt is surrounding himself with his new cabinet in prep aration to plunge immediately into the task of giving na tion a "new deal" after Sat arday'8 inauguration. The official cabinet list neared completion today with Mr.

Roose velt's formal announcement that Senator Swanson of Virginia, will be his secretsry of the navy and Harold Ickes, Chicago lawyer and Republi can independent bis secretary of the interior. The naming of Senator Walsh of Montana, as attorney general; Dan iel Roper of South Carolina as secretary commerce, and Miss Frances Perkins of New York, as secretary of labor, is expected in the next two days before he starts for New York and Washington. Plans Prompt Action It is very probable that the presi dent-elect will take with blm to Washington, on his special train from New York on Thursday, sev era! of the cabinet including William H. Woodin, secretary of the treas ury; James A. Farley, postmaster general; George H.

Dern of Utah, secretary of war; Henry A. Wallace of Iowa, secretary of agriculture Miss Perkins and Mr. Ickes. Keenly alive to the pressing eco nomic situation, there is every sign Mr. Roosevelt is preparing for prompt action.

However, he is cov ring it all up with light hearted joviality tln the presence of callers as goes about final preparations for th presidency. He is in frequent communication with party leaders In Washington. has been consulting over tbe week-end with Professor Raymond Moley, economic advisor, Mr. Wood' Un, about whom much of the domes tic economic situation will locus in the next few months, went to Wash lngton last night direct from the Roosevelt conference room. He will return for further consultation with the next president immediately.

Whatever he has in mind, Roose. velt is guardedly holding his fir until after he takes the oath next Saturday noon. In naming the veteran Senator Swanson as secretary of the navy to newspapermen today, Roosevelt referred to him as "my old col league." Swanson is ranking member of th senate naval committee aa well as the powerful foreign relations committee. He is regarded by Roose velt as exceptionally weU qualified for his task. The president-elect emphasized party affiliations of Ickes had no part in his selection or in the choice of others known to be of Republican hue William H.

Woodin and Henry A. Wallace. The latter two were loyal supporters of Roosevelt In th campaign aa well as of Alfred E. Smith In 1928. "I like the cut of their Jibs," re.

marked Roosevelt when asked about the two men he named officially today Swanson and Ickes. That was all there was to it. U. S. Jury Indicts Insull Officials CHICAGO, Feb.

27. The $150,000,000 financial bubble that Corporation Securities company turned out to be was charged against Samuel Insull and 18 associates to- day as a gigantic scheme to defraud an investing public. Indictments entailing possible punishment by 125 years in federal prison and $250,000 fine for each de fendant wer returned by th federal grand Jury. The names of three Insulls led all the rest Samuel, an exile in Greece; Martin, in a Canadian refuge, and Samuel Jr still active In utility af fairs here; but with them the Jury named several of Chicago's leading capitalists: Stanley Field, chairman of th Continental-Illinois National Bank and Trust company; Edward J. Doyle, president of Commonwealth Edison company, and Harold L.

Stuart, head of Halsey, Stuart and company. Can Wait But Teachers Told tion of the depression and catch up on It later on. "For th children who are denied adequate educational opportunity now, it is lost forever. And we shall stand convicted of having balanced our budgets with the starved lives of our sons and daughters." President Frank's warning against the "sword of Imperative retrenchment forged in the fires of an irrational depression," was the high light of a day given over to a study of the general problems confronting education In the United States with special reference to the increasing machine development Howard 8cott of New York, exponent of technocracy stated the case (Continued on Pig t. Column t) ilrfHAIMOT MCI I DM Detroit Situation Improved as Car Magnate Appears In Picture (By The Atwuciatcd Pre.) BANKS in two states clamped restrictions on withdrawals Monday as in a third, Michigan, one of the nation's wealthiest men threw the weight of his millions into the situation.

The Michigan financier was Henry Ford and his action formed the nucleus of two new banks in Detroit Ford and his son Edsel announced they would provide capital of to open the banks Wednesday. The banks will be constructed on the assets of tbe First National bank and the Guardian National bank, with depositors given the right to withdraw immediately up to 30 per cent of their deposits, in addition to five per cent previously authorized. Officials of the banks have obtained a $78,000,000 loan from the Reconstruction Finance corporation to used in forming the new Institutions. Banks in Ohio Close The Fords reserved the right to name the official personnel of the new banks and said they would be the type of financial structure that will merit public faith and enable the city of industrial Detroit to re habilitate itself." Regarding tbe 30 per cent with drawal privileges. President John Hicks of the Michigan State Bank ers' association, said Michigan banks outside of Detroit would continue efforts to obtain release of 100 per cent of the reserves they have on deposit In Detroit banks.

A state-wide banking holiday was declared in Michigan two weeks ago and financial leaders expressed hope that th new Detroit banks would help to ease the entire situation. Twenty -Ohio' banks 18 ofthem" hi Cleveland. Akron, Dayton and Youngstown placed restrictions at their opening Monday on withdrawals of deposits. In a night session, the legislature hurriedly passed two emergency bills requested by the governor, who immediatcjy signed the 'measures. (Continued on Page 2, Column 1) BANKERSTELL OF BOND SALES Senate Committee Told Securities Were Unstable When Given People WASHINGTON, Feb.

27. (iP) Evidence that the National City company participated In the sale of $90,000,000 worth of Peruvian bonds to the American people while withholding in its files information of unstable conditions in that country, was presented today to the senate stock market investigating commit tee. Victor Schoepperle, vice president of the company, testified that he and its other officials knew Peru had "an unsatisfactory debt record" and "was not a good moral risk," but felt con ditions were improving. Earlier, Hugh B. Baker, testifying at the very moment that his resig nation as president of the company was being made public In New York, had said he could not remember why the company believed the bonds sound in spite of repeated warnings from Its officers in Peru.

Baker's resignation followed close ly uion the retirement of Charles E. Mitchell, chairman of the company and of its parent, the National City bank, as a result of th disclosures befor the commute. While Baker was on th stand. Ferdinand Pecora, committee counsel, drew -document after document from the company's files showing representatives of the concern in Peru were frankly critical of conditions there. He was also presented with the prospectuses on which the bonds were issued to the public, agreed they did not mention th unfavorable information the company bad and said under questioning that if they had the public probably ould not have bought the securities hich ar now in default While Baker was trying to explain why the company issued the bonds in the face of warnings, Schoeppert eagerly tried to break In and explain.

Finally Pecora called him to tbe stand. "I know and my associates knew," he said, "that Peru had an unsatisfactory debt record. felt Peru was not a good moral risk. But ther was evidence that untkr President Leguia ther had been great progress in constructive development economically and In the financial record of th country." The youthful Vic president, who was in charge th matur for th company, said It would never, hav participated In the bond issues wpt that were assured th president he wished to cwneltie the economic development of th toun- I'UHIIIU. IflLLLUIl Charged With Steamship to Evade Vv Payment WASHINGTON.

Feb. 27. (JP) Andrew W. Mellon, ambassador to Great Britain and former secretary I of the treasury, and two former of By D. HAROLD OLIVER (AMMK'iated rem Staff Writer) WASHINGTON, Feb.

27 A sweeping bankruptcy relief measure providing machinery for individual and farm debtors to obtain exten sions or cash settlements and for railroads to readjust downward their capital structures to avoid receiverships was passed by the senate to night by a vote of 44 to Approval of the measure followed eight and a half hours of debate that carried the weary legislators into a night session. The bankruptcy bill now goes to th house, which vaased a bill on the same subject but radically different The two proposals will be sent to conference for composition of differences, but whether an agree ment can be reached before March 4 is uncertain. Opposition to the bill In the sen ate centered principally on the rail ZONING EXPERT MAY-HELP CITY SOLVE PROBLEM Cotton Proposes Employmen of Nationally Known Man To Make Survey City Manager W. M. Cotton bail under consideration Monday the employment of a zoning expert to develop new data in St.

Petersburg and whip the city's proposed new zoning ordinance into shape. broached the plan to the city council at an informal feaalon in his office following the regular busi ness meeting Monday night and found virtually all of them in favor of tbe plan. What impressed councilmen was the manager's opinion that he might be able to obtain the services of a nationally known zoning expert a friend of his, at a comparatively small cost to come her and make the survey. Cotton said he would "see what he could work out" on the proposition. He told councilmen he had re vamped a part of the ordinance devoted to uses of property.

Council man Frederic Welter disagreed with the manager's views on some jihuaes of zoning, declaring an area should bo set aside for one-family riKidences in the strict sense of the word. Webster urged adoption of a simplified ordinance "that the average layman can understand." Panama Orders U.S. Flag Down COLON. C. 7-.

Feb. 27. The Pan ama Canal Zone was aroused today by the order of Governor Augusto A. Cervera of Colon demanding the lowering of the American flag flown on the flagstaff in front of tbe Canal Zone high school, maintained by the United States in Colon. Following a flag presentation.

this afternoon by the local chapter of the Daughters of the American Rev olution at which U. 8. Consul John E. Holler officiated, two Panamanian policemen arrived bearing the gover nor's orders. The new flag was lowered, despite expostulations by the principal.

Jan itors hauled it down. An American flag has flown in front of the school for 20 years. American diplomatic officials are preparing a protest demanding to know why the action was taken. Governor Cervera stated: "The flag of the United States can not be flown on Panamanian soil." BOY AND SISTER DIE AS AIRPLANE CRASHES NORTH WILKESBORO, N. Feb.

27. (A') Bryan Sanborn, 13, and his sister, Kveljn, 17, of Black Mountain, were burned to death here today when their airplane in which they were en route to Black Mountain Charlotte struck a power line and crashed as they attempted to make a landing here. Will Rogers Sez: BEVERLY HILLS, Feb. 27 There wasn't a soul in America that when they picked up their paper today utter the same expression, "Well that's too bad," when they read that Mayor Cermak had pneumonia Lot of states and places are calling a moratorium on debts, taxes, banks. Takes us so long to think of anything.

Funny we thought of it for Europe, but not for ourselves. Why pour all that reconstruction money into a bank, when all you had to say was! "We are going to pay you out aa we are able to pay you out Yours, WILL, road feature. This was approved 43 to 15, splitting parties and factions wide apart Proponents, Including Democratic Leader Robinson and Senator Couz-ens, Michigan, Republican, argued the roads were badly in need of the legislation if wholesale receiverships were to be avoided. Twenty-one Republicans and a similar number of Democrats voted for the railroad amendment Nine Democrats and six Republicans apposed it. The eight who "opposed the bill on final passage were Bratton, Bulow, Dill, George, Neely.

Russell and Democrats, and Brook-hart Republican. Under the first section of the measure, an Individual debtor who can obtain th consent of a majority of his secured and unsecured creditors to an extension or cash (Continued on Page 2, Column 2) CITY STOCKADE CHANGES URGED BY COMMITTEE Investigators Find Several Things to Remedy; Water Penalty Dropped Improvement of faciiitie8and cor-rection of some undesirable condi tions at tbe city stockade were rec ommended to the city council Mon day night by a special investigating commute composed of Councilmen A. J. Wood and R. G.

Blanc and re ferred to. City Manager M. Cotton for action. Recommendations included: More cots and bedding to elimin ate overcrowded conditions in the white men's quarters. Sterilization of blankets when in mutes are ireea instead of once a month.

A high fence or screen around tbe stockade to prevent transfer of liquor, drugs and other articles to prisoners from the outside. Separate quarters for prisoners af flicted with infectious diseases. Removal of the dog pound, now situated adjacent to the stockade kitchen, to a new location further away from the building. Admit Comforts Lacking The committee said they inspected the stockada and found white and negro prisoners segregated and adequate quarters for white women prisoners. They pointed out that although the stockade is lacking in many respects it was not intended "that inmates have the comforts of home becuuse they forfeit this right when convicted of crime." Manager Cotton pointed out that steps have already been taken to provide more coats and bedding for prisoners, correcting an overcrowded condition found by th committee.

When the councilmen visited the stockade they found four prisoners sleeping on the floor. Water Penalty Dropped The council voted to remov the five per cent penalty for delayed payment of water bills. The city will turn water off if bills 'are not paid within 10 days, and if service is desired again, will charge a nom inal sum for reconnections. Acting on the recommendation of Police Chief R. H.

Noel, the council approved a new one-hour parking regulation on Baum avenue between Eighth and Ninth streets. An ordinance requiring junk deal ers, pawnbrokers and operators of second-hand stores to keep a daily register of goods purchased and received and submit a copy of the report to the police department with the names and descriptions of the sellers was passed on second read ing-. The council voted to accept $600 cash for two Pinellas county road and bridge district No. 4 bonds. City Manager Cotton saiu the money would be used to purchase St.

Petersburg bonds. Coast Guard Thanks City In a letter addressed to Mayor H. W. Adams, Commander F. A.

Zeus- ler of the special destroyer division of the U. S. Coast Guard which en gaged in winter maneuvers In local waters this winter expressed appre ciation for the courtesies shown him and his men during their stay here. 1 'rot est against the occupational license tax charged auctioneers was voiceo by Noel A. Mitchell, former mayor, who said auctioneers were paying a tax that was "on a boom time basis." Mitchell was arrested Monday for doing business without a proper occupational license.

The protest was referred to a committee for report next meeting. REAL ESTATE FOR EXCHANGE You can sometimes exchange your real estate to better advantage than you can sell it For trades, turn to the classified advertising section and see the ads under classification Adv. i CHINA'S CRACK ARMY HOLDS UP INVADING JAPS Outcome of Fighting Is in Doubt But Troops Battle In Sub-Zero Weather PEIPING. China, Feb. 27.

(JP)- Marshal Chang Hsiao-Liang's Nine teenth route army, going into action for the first time since Japan began the invasion of Jehol, blocked the ad vance of a brigade of Japanese in fantry today at Shamoshan paaa, a few miles north of ths great wall and west of tbe Manchurian frontier. It appeared from the fragmentary reports reaching here that the engagement was tbe heaviest thus far in the campaign, and that the Nine teenth was giving a good account of itself. On other fronts aim the Japanese were not advancing with the ease which marked the first few days of the invasion. Temperature Below Zero -In central Jehol, at the triangle formed by Lingyuan, Chlhfeng and Jehol city, the Chinese were in possession of mountain passes difficult to storm. The Japanese threw artillery shells into the pass of Paishiht-aumen, but th Chinese were holding on.

C'hihfeng is th objective of Japan thrust from the north. TTat column, comprised chiefly of cavalry under General Mogi, was harried by Chines forces afd impeded by the almost Insurmountable difficulties of th weather. The wind sweeps in a ceaseless gal across the Mongolian desert, cutting through furs and blankets, piling up treacherous drifts of sands and snow, sending the temperature far below rero. Motor trucks and tanks bog down in the soft mud of the river bottom, and the terrain is particularly difficult for cavalry. Chinese dispatches told of a 24-hour engagement near the village of Naimanwangfu.

The fighting itaelf was not decisive, but the Japanese were said to have lost 400 horses in the mud. Casualty lists are not dependable but Chinese reports place the Japan ese losses in the Chaoyang sector at upwards of 1,000. Six hundred were said to have been killed in a single battle near Lingyuan. JAPS CLAIM VICTORY CHINCHOW, Manchuria, Feb. 27.

(iP) Officers at Japanese head quarters predicted today that the armies of Japan and Manchukuo would have the province of Jehol in the hollow of their hands in 10 days. By March 10, anniversary of the battle of Mukden in th Russo-Japanese war 20 years ago, they said, Jehol city will have fallen and the province will be ripe for annexation to Manchukuo. That was the prediction, but the Chinese defense appeared to be stif fening and there was no relaxation of the bitter weather along the entire front General Heljiro Battorl with a brigade of infantry was checked in southeastern Jehol by Chang Hsiao-Liang's Chinese regulars. The general reported that he had carried part of Shamoshan driving the Chinese back, but the fighting continued, apparently the heaviest since the Invasion of Jehol began. March Through Desert The column advancing westward toward Jehol City from Chlnchow was more successful.

It took Chaoyang after some resistance, then suddenly shifted the attack north west against the town of Chienping, where the Chinese were defending a difficult mountain pass. The army of the north, pushing (Continued en Page 2, Column 4) Road Building Schools Can't, By JOEL DAVID WOLFSOHN (Leased Wire tfl The Times) INNEAPOLIS, Feb. "27. With l'l the warning ringing in their ears that educators must war against thoughtless budget slashing which is crippling the nation's school sys tem, members of the department of superintendence of the National Ed ucation association today began a study of what to do. We can postpone th building of a road, a bridge or a building, and catch up on such delayed construc tion later on," President Glenn Frank of the University of Wisconsin, declared in the principal address of the day.

cannot put educational oppor tunity in cold storage for the dura of the Internal revenue bu- rttti. were namd dpfpnHAnta a $220,000,000 suit charging al- leged connivance with officers of tvf foreign steamship companies evade iqjusi income laxea a Named with Mellon were David H. nc Blair, one-time commissioner of in-T ernal revenue, and Alexander ran. 'nrmar mntinir rsnaral viltn. I.

1 of tha bureau. he suit was Died in tbe District Jolumbia supreme court by David Olson, who resigned recently as stigator for the senate stock Ket Inquiry committee after a- liwh uia CUVIU not 1 1 1 ft a I tit I 1 ot CKea Dy cenaior xxorDeca, oouin kota Republican, and others on he committee. The papers charged that Mellon ot only failed to collect in delinquent taxes from foreign kteamship interests, placed the ovrnment in such a position thai I' it was compelled to refund some $10,000,000 to the companies. The identities of the companies were not In the suit I Tba suit was based upon a statute I of 1863 which prohibits tbe ng of the government by trickery and makes federal officials liable 1 fnr fimiVilat tha Ammint nf tiamuirt-M 1 Jnuffered by the government Although filed in Olson's name, it is on behalf of the people of the 1 'ofL'nited States, so that any damages (Continued on 2, Column 6) FCLZSHOALS PROGRAM OTSED BY COUNCIL PXJVNTA, Feb. 27.

(iP) The Southeastern Council, formed by southern economists to promote the economic and social advancement of lixiA. Rive endorsement today to l'resilent-elect Roosevelt's plan for ceveloping the Tennessee river 'jasiDf 30 i FOR THREE DAYS Tou can run a classified ad of five Ai ii lines (approximately 30 in I The Times for only $1.05 for three consecutive week days, or for $1.20 If one of the days is Sunday. When you want to buy something, or sell something, or have lost something, i DIAL $lb and ask for an ad-taker..

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