S1.50.A YEAR VOL NO. 32. STA UNTWT, V UIGJNIA, T 0B8DA Y. M A HC1F 22, 1894. yy it. uspkm, ... .? . i 0 ' ATTOUNI-JV atlwv, I " i . HTAI'NTON'i XX. N. II Court llonxe Square. . - J3. VV. HARNIOH. - ; - j ' 'attorney at law, ' 1 ' . ' btapntos, va: 'Ofh': N- WentMihrStreet. -... i . . J A. AfiKXANDKIt." . " ATTORN KY AT No."l Lawycrn'Row, .... LAW,. STAUNTON. VA. v.. braxton. ..','- . 'attorney,-' ' - ' wt BtiiillnK.-- ' ' . 8XAUNTON i VA t rif j4wkaii" J f V .-'- i - - i i iF fO'lKTT, rlTICAY Mt , . I u A'rTtUi.ViiVS AT LAW; ! ' V- -j. i.. . nhiCi.'4!l',i!J,.lj!i; oko: . i.iuhtSkkj KJRBY & LKUlTNlin, ' ' " " " ' , -, ..ATTORXKYS'AT UW,, ,'i. 4 CottKT LIoubk KvtiiAKK, Staunton, Va. t Cophtm: Afiurt. and nlolninic ciimit ieni HuntlnjrK Court. Oty of rttnnutoii.il. 8. Court ,. llnrriMoiihnr(f. Hunrenio Court, of AppoulH ivt . Sliiiniron hixl RU-linionil. . t THOU. : KI.KEK. KITXIftlflll K1.T1KH. ! PliOEH "F.LI)Vl:. " ' i mm. - - ATTORN HYM ANI fOllNHKLIJ)RS, . i STAUNTON. VfROlNTA. w. CRA Mi. ATTORNEY AT LAW, KTAUNTON. VA. I'rompt attention jclven to all IhisIiipmk. HACKMAN, I ATTORNEY AT .LAW, " ' I RON O AT E. VI RUIN I A . 1 i Collection given' prompt, attention." QlfARLES CURRY. ATTORNEY AT LAW, Stout Law JSulIdinj?, STAUNTON, VA. f K. R. NELSON, " ATTORNEY AT LAW ANDC'OM M ISSION ER IN CHANCERY, No. lO Lawyers' Row, -JSTAUNTON, VA. R.TDRK.' BKNBY. W. HOI.T. T URK & HOLT. ATTORNEYS AT LAW, " j. No. 8 Uwynre' Row. STAUNTON. 'A . K. L. II EN K EL, ' 114 EAST MAIN STREET. STAUNTON, VA. it Morning, from 9 to 10. Offick Hoi iih: Iiernoon, ironi z to ... Ight, tiprn 7 to K. Ne J)R. C. K. RHODES, VETERINARY SURGEON .AND P ENTIST. ZHurke'B Livery Stnblea, South New Street, STAUNTON, VA. Graduate of Ontario Veterinary College of Toronto anil Mcl'bersou'B 8choil.of Veterl-anry UentlHtry. C'uIIh n8wer-il at any hour. prC-ly. , , DR.' MARSHALL O. IttTIlK H OU)E R, DENTIST, - . STAUNTON, VA. i'an give IiIm patroim t lie benefit of8 years ex-oerlenee; Ih al ways in IiIm oI)Up,iiil guarantee iki work to Im n rerireHirTeil. Atmre lOH V Main St.. over Hart's BaSaar.- "Oltlee Uoum from 9 a m to 5 p m. B. Fi 1 1 II M VH KEYS. ; - J. A. HlNKR. Staunton Business v "College, .Staunton, V. OPEN ALL. Till; YEAR. BOTH SEXES ADMITTED " -Modern and Improve! methods of Instruction. For catolague. giving full particulari arid rem HUMPHREYS & HINER, .t-Juu - "- Staunton, Va. Dried ApplesWanted "VV'e want 20,000 POUNDS OF DRIED APPLES. P. B. SUBLETT & SON. qE-BBROSI DRY GOODS -AND- IM WANT! no a 25, yo, 35 or 40 cent matting, we have it. ' a 15,, 20, 25 or 35 cent carpet, we have it. a 40, W), 65 or 75 cent carpet, we have It. a 65 or 75 cent BrusHele carpet-, we have it. , F YOU WAKTs an 85 cent or f 1.0Q velvet or Moquepte carpet, we have it. ' Drugget or Rug at any price, we have it. F 100 WANT Cocoa Matting F 100 WAITIl cent spring cent' spring cent lace curtain, we have it. F YOU WANT a flner lace curtain, we have it. ; - an 18 cent curtain pole and fixtures, we hav' it.. a 25 cent curtain F 100 mn 50 cent curtain pole ana fixtures, we have It. . 60 or 75 cent white bed spread, we have it. . 1 better bed spread, we have it. F YOU WANT Strictly IHtnay , Our ; Clearing Out Sale C LOAKS Iff 1 befiin. . In order to make a clean mveep of our Cloaks we will sell them Ilegardless of Cost. THEY MUS Vre also offer special inducements on Wool Blankets, La-! lie' and Gentlemen's Underwear, DroBH'G odds, 1 etc. ' We will alno cloHe out our lme of . , Crzr-rota ' - and Carpet ;' " Samples - ' at greatly reduced prices. f . ' ' , fy7 j 9-mT7m miss thse- bargains; We "will add "niahy y v "y " other goods to this'I3argainSalo, and you ill jjet. good value for every dollar spent vith us. ? . 'IJOHTl.n, EICHELBERGER &W, ' fan - - - - - - rBL. 'PHft ILLUSTHAr . 1 rpiii'spiit:i,tioii jinsenTnTioiis or io'tboHt-iuisii Htiks Volt's WjiKjS'.'.Y'".. ' " These- W:(ches iirc in 1 1 jewcllfMl, with patent )aiisiou bnhuice, screw; b;uikinji,s, (piick train, stem winding, stem settin", . lmrd riuviiioletl dials, and every watch is- warranted to wear for 2t) voars. Thevwill be furnisiiod in Ladies' or (JentleihenV sizes, eiti4' open or liuntino--ase. as may be preferred, i - Send the uanies of 20 CLUB (fl .00 a. year) to YOST'S WEEKLY, and we do the rest. The Watch will be delivered absolutely free of all charges. These Watch es can not be purchased at retail for the price paid for the 20 subneribers. ' Names may be sent in a secured, and the watch will be delivered when the Club is. complete. I I ' ' 12 eent'mattihg', we have it. - - 15 cent matting, we have it. . - - . 20 cent matting, we have it. Brussels carpet, we have 1 1. OUCloth or JJnoIeum in any width, we have it. or Mat, we have It. roller window shade, we have it. roller window-shade, we have It. pole and fixture, we have it. ; . a lambrequin, piano or table.cover, we have It. a red table damask or A white table linen, we have. it. towels and napkins, we have them. i-irsi uiass lioofls. lOEBBBOTHF.ES. T GO! Yoa OnI v ." it rr j.. .1,",.... . n inc ii!inuuui wyui oi subscriber to ' - -: , excel len 1 i Tifiu '-keepers, safety pinson, cut c-x- Yearly Suljscribers, with the ('all and ex an line -the Watches, and see whatve are offering you. It is the opportunity of a lifetimeto pro-cure i a handsome and reliable - timepiece without expending a cent, and will be offered byjio other paper in Augusta, count v. ' . . - SAM PLE Of the" WkkkiA' will be funilshed wlthotit rharge to any one desiring to form a chub, I Address correspondence to WEEK STAUNTON, VIRGINIA. New River Goal ! ! R. B.PADGETT Has opened aCoal and Wood Yard at lie junction of Mlddk'hrixjk ave. and C. & . Ry. and it oritared to fin-nlxl the IJeHt -Quality ,f ; ' ' .'! weN Rim Coal at $4.00 a Ton, STOVE AND KINDLING WOOD, at lowest possible prices. All orders filled promptly. ' It. B. PADGETT," W. S. BTJNN, . DRILI.KR OP - Artesian Vells ORDINARY WATER W ELLS, TEST WELLS I'OR MINERALS, AIR HOLES FOR - SHAFTS. OIL WELLS AND PIPE lRIVINO. MANGANESE DRIL- LIN(J MADE A SPECIALTY. , " I drill arteninn wells In any locality, soil or rock, to any depth and guarantee pure, IIt-Iujc water, free Irom all surface impurities. I rIho lurnlsh, put In and guarantee force or inc pnuips on reasonable termH. prices lur-uishtd on application. - W S. BDNX. P. o. Box 113. WavneHboro. Va. TKN DAYS TKIPTO WASHINGTON; Redaced Kate uu the li. & O, EverrboOy exncctB to- vlwlt WaHblnirton Home time; in fact uu a duty that every one owes to himself. What Route waa to every wiidiproi we empire, wnat Atneng wax tu the Greek, Washington in and nhoulJ to very eitiien f the United Htutes hlx glory, hi irride, hi inheritance, -'bio estateit belongs to hlni. All it raaninceoce. all it glory, atl ItH fame. it publfc builuinxa, it palntiujp. lt Htatuary, its monument,- Ita fardens, ta libraries, IU maeeiims, its HtreetH mI it parkH, and he oughtonce in a Tifetinie to take a look at the property. - When do you expect to take a look at it? , " . The best trai siervice of the B. & O. R. It. in t yoai service always, bat not rednced rates they come seldom. The third select excursion to the National Capltolvia the B. & O. is'Bnftonnced for March 8th, wheiv're' luced ra te tickets will be Bold from points a it tine between y heeling, Plttbnr?,' I'ai-k-ersbun?, leilDjfton and Hajferetown. " - We Rive below a list of stations In this 4- I : - -" - " " I fare. .- ; - - -.. ...... . a., m a.- m. - 4. ....... 'W'i'u 7 01 7 05 7 -J J 1 il 7 44 7 .11 . 8 IH 8 OT 8 '2 2 . -J OS p. m. 1 r4 1 .". 2 Oil a"i'i oi :t os 3 12 K 47 y 40 i Itaphlue. ...... fi 35 ii Hi) dir. ti oo 5 7 5 45 5 40 0 HO 5 15 O O.l 4 UO Mootts wooU.. ...., r. (ireen ville....i - Mint Spritiif. . : ..... r oily MiH.... V Staunton .....i ..... Fort Ocfiance ' " . .......... Mt, Sidney.;.. !' Cave Station.' ' ' ;...t,. Mt. Crawford V lean. Va Hey ' " . ,.. Harrlsionlnirjj Vahiugton...Ar V JiO CorrcKiJjnrnlingl.y low raU-s from titUcr stations. ,.; - . - : V - .7-. -. '.' - Tickets win be teatnl tn lay. -'. ". Fyr ifulde to poiat of Intfrcst in "WarthlnB:-ton addreaa nearest 15. & O. Agent- . ;T. IIimmosd, Cha.m. O. Scull. Tteket Assent, tleneral P. A(fent, Stauaton. Va. M. 4 U. M. It.. l h GET0KE. subscription price, at 7: COPIE LiV, Terms for tlie Weekly. Yost's Sveekly is a paper devoted to the in terests of Virginia, ln3epend-ent In politics and neutral in noth-inpr- - -" A-- ,; r ; - It iH tiv four-page, 32 column" jotimal, printed with new clear type and filled with solid, instructive reading matter -" ; .:.-: "'.. It is issued on the following terms: One copy, one year, . . ; $1.50 Ten copies " 'v;-; 12.50 - twenty " " . . ; . 20.00 i Parties getting up clubs, of ten or I more Avill be entitled to one copy free. - , , J. . ! THE MILD POWER CURES. HUMPHREYS' Dr. Hiimiihrevs'gpeelflesareBcfentincanyand carefully prepared Uemedirt. ufd lor years in irlvate prat ainl for over tlilny years by the people with entire Hucceas. 'Kvery. single SpeciUc a special cure for the disease named. " , Tney cure without Uruggtog, parging or reducing -the Hystem,and are in fact and Uetutlic Save leitfu Ileniedics of the . WjMrM t Lirr or kusbmu. - ctnucs. rwtra. 1 Fevers, Congestions, Inflnmrnstlons.. .S3 . 2 Worms, Worm 'eer. Worm Cxlta... .25 3 Teething; Colic, C1-yin-. V s-kerulutfe .'i5 4 Diarrhea, of Children or Adult..... a Jya?ntory,OrIpiutf,. Hlions Colic.-.. 6 C holera Morbus, Vomiting.. t(3 . 7 Coughs, Colds, Bronchitis. 8 Nenraiaia. -Tootbacbe. Faceaclie ,'JJS 9 Headache. Siek Headache. Vertlffo. to Dyspepsia, ; BiltooBnees. Constipation tl Suppressed or Painful Periods- .Ji . , IS Whites, Too Profuse Periods.. . '13 Croap. Iaryniritla, HoBrsetieES.r. .-5 14- iSaIt Rheumi Itfysipelas, Ernption-s. .25 15 KheniHatisiH.or Eheumaticr'aiiK.. .as 16MaIaria, ChUta, Fever and Ague.... .J.5 17 Piles, Blind or Bleeding. 18- Opht balmy, 8orer Wik Eyes...... .a. ltt-C'atarrh, luflucnsa, Coldn the Head .ti-V '20 Whuoptaff C'oMKh....i- ........... aiAsthmn,. Oppressed Breathing:........ ! 'ii-Ear Dracharsea. topalred Hearing !43 rtcrofala. Enlarged Glarda, Sweilintf 4-Oeneral Debility, Physical Weakness ti'S-Dropsy, and Scanty Secretions....... att Hen-Sickness. Sickness from Kidlag .25 S7-Klduey Disease - 39 Hore Dleath, or Caaker.. ....... ...... .'-5 - 30 Urinary Weakness, WeUinBed.. 31 Painfnl Period . .." ... S4 Diphtheria, Ulcerated Sore Throat.. .25 35 CiironicCoBffestienaJtEruptiooa. .US : EXTRA NUMBEKS: 80 Nerrava lebility. Seminal Weak- n-as, or Involuntary Discharges...... l.OO 32 I) i neases of the Heart. Pal pltatkm 1 .OO 33 Knilepay, Spasms, St. Vitus Dance. ..1.00 . Sold by DrncdatSr or sent pflsf-pbt ea jeeltt of pries. Da. tlvnrireitT' Maviui. (U4 psa,) hailso rtn -KtSPHRKYH- MKD.ro., 11 I IS WltH.na Sk.Kmlatt. S.P-E-IF1CS,: H U M PH REYS' WITCH HAZEL OL 3 "THE PILE OINTMENT." FtorPtins External or Internal, BMn-i or Bd!ntr; Ftxtulain ano; Itotiiasr or Bietxliu f 1 Wuuu. The rtlitf is imineduius the cur certain. FSlCfi, 50 CTS. THTAT, STZF,, gg fTTg. - 8oltf by J)nKtats, or sftt - Ms-msd m receipt of pfMaw' . lICaPBBli1SaEn.CO., lit llttVUIinH 8,HW XSKX . S 'DMIXJSTRA TOR'S KALE. " An luimtniMtrator oi the etnte at M. If. McCarthy. !e-d.. I will eli at piibii- au''l ion. iu front- .if the Court IloBMeat Coviuicto. V., on ' " . . . .. Tt KMl.iV, AI'BIl, 3, Itr94, fCof.nty Court I.jy) l ire f3i rt of t l afiitEii Mtvi-k of ih Ki b-rtcii lroi C -pitny. ' c. tj. r: Hrr4t Openings of Mineral Ialntfc -- 4 Fbkeman'h," W. Va. To the Editor oCthe Dispatch: r IletiHu Inform me where " t here are bpi?ti1ns rf mineral paint in its Hrst iH.i ntural state a bank of oxide Ckpeh. Staintox. Va., March Complying with your request that I should answer thequery from your Fryeinnn'8-.. (W. Va, ) correspondent alw "Where there are deposita of mineral paints In their natural state in trie VIrKiniaH." I . answer its folio wr; adding otlier information of general interest on the same subject: l imte'thnt Virginia furnished 1,500 a . l. m . y. .... . m A: s j . . iuiihdi. ocures it ine uiarKeis in tne year 1802. I dtxnot know where this came from, hut presume the most of it' wns from the mines of the Oxfortr Ovhre Coinpaiiyt- in Page rounty. and, perhnps part of it from thiseof X w a Ja' rm u i a t c 1 1 re l;i m i m 1 1 v , in 5frvUuflr,hl eounfy. - -...-.c-"- """" - 1 can oest answer t he timlioii atf to wliere there are such depo.sUs by giving the localities from which ex-hibits were inadent the New Orit-nns Kxpusilion in 1SH-V 5. whtn, in the mineral th'inirtment of the Virginia exhibit (which was under my .super vision) there were samples of ochres from .fourteen counties of the Stated as follows: From near Midway, in Augusta; from near Millboro.in Hath; from the Iron Mountain, in I'.land: from the Bermuda Ochre Company jf Chesterfield, both crude and man-" ufaetured; from near Pearisburg, in Giles; from the Arminius mines, in Louisa; from Tye river,.' in Nelson;: from the Oxford Ochre CompanyJ near Marksvllle (now Stanley), in Page; from! Chambers Mountain j near Goshen, i in Roclibridge, several varieties; fro m, near Keezletown, in Kockingham.i several kinds, made into "Hamilton's paints: from the Wilderness, in Spptt83ivnnia; from Paint Lick Mountain, in TazewellJ from licetl Creek, in Wythe, and ochre and umber from Overalls, in Page. 'j ,' -.; ; "!';;' ;"..,; In Virginia.! little mineral exhibit at Chicago One'of about fifty sani pies', according to the last edition, of the: official catalogue! of exhibits! there were" three samples. of ochres shown, as follows: From C. I). Tins- ley, of Petersburg; from the Virginia World's Fair managers, locality not given, and from B. J. Carter, of Mid- dleburg, Loudon county. - . , ' ; ' In West Virginia's great exhibit of her mineral resources at Chicago one of the Jmost " creditable there, there were shown yellow, from W.m II. Boggs, Franklin, Pendleton county ; yellow from Hardy and .Itvffersoii comities; red from (J. VV, Keyser, Pareoii8;'ryeU6'wTrVrttVtfa rdy , and Jefferson counties, exhibited by West Virginia University, Morgnntown, and red irom C. fi. White, Homriey, Hampshire eouiity. . ; Having had referred to me a.t Chicago for examination and award hundreds of samples of mijieral paints, both jn their natural and manufactured condition, from various States , and countries, I was greatly Impressed '.with the large number and Variety of such paints exhibited by New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and other States, especially of the paints manufactured -from shales, slates, clavs, numerous varieties of iron ores, etc., all of which are abundant in Virginia and West Virginia, and which conld be easily utilized in the same direction. In fact, after days spent in examining mineral pigments at; the fair, I do not hesitate to say that Virginia has the undeveloped materials for becoming fthe leading State in this particular" industry, r It also, led me to regret that we had no provision for a survey whicli shall gather and .disseminate' information In reference to the economic mineral resources "of the State, and Hi us lead to a utilization of these somewhat Commensurate in importance with that which has been so successful!'. begun with our coal and iron ores. Ochre beds, or deposits of one kind or another, always accompany, in varying quantities and qualities, all deposits of iron ore, and since iron ore beds of one kind or another, are found in'nearly every portion of the Virginias, it follows that ochres are more or less abundant In many localities In these States; but many of these are comparatively- valueless, because they, do not furnish the shades of colors that are most in demand- - "'-'. As before stated, a considerable quantity "of excellent yellow ochre (thelight, or lemon yellow being the most valuable) has been mined' near Bermuda "Hundred in .Chesterfield countyprobably from proximity to the iron ore beds of Virginia's first iron .works. Fine red "ochres, uuv bers, and siennas result from roasting the pyrites from : the celebrated Arminius and adjacent - mines riea.r Mineral City, in Louisia county ,"and when" the ores of these and other mines In Virginia's' great gold belt, one over 200 miles long, are utilized In Sur State hi the manufacture of sulphuric acfd, the production of various shades -and" grades of, mineral paints as by-products will here : become a new and very important industry, ' ' - " '. . ; Vast quanti ties of hresand ochre-ons clays and umbers abound in the rerriferona shales, as also do iron-ores, that extend for more than 300 miles '. diagonally aeross Virginia along the eastern borderof the great valley,, among the foot-hlUs and slofies of the western Blue Bldge. In this range, near Stanley Station, of the Norfolk and Vertero, 13 Pair? ci:nty, are tts ext'rrive , !r; ' !tr ttr.'i fer f.ttr z-n crt r 2 Most of these natural pigments are known Jn the markets is ochres, umbers, or siennas; they: are called "raw" when used in the condition in which they are mined afteri being drietl and ground, or .pulverized, and "burnt", when they have been roasted and so,, deepened j or changed in color. , . . -v - . These ochres are, as a rule, clays or earths colored by having In -their composition varying proportions- of oxide- iron.-, Often they are merely decomposed-iron. ores. If these ores are heiuatitites, or red iron ores, the product is yellow tr brown : ochre; if manganese is associate! with the iron oxide, the product is ' known as raw umber. ' . , ' - The Un i ted Sta tes Geological Su r-vey, in its report tin the mineral resources for by Dr. I. T. Day, credits Virginia with ; the following ort)d actions of ochres: , . : ; v IirTlSSy. 1.65$ tons, valued at "18,- LlnjHSXV l,i57 tons, valued at $22,-97-'; In 1 sal, l ,a."i0 tons. vaIiTWl-t;!fillr,-iMM); in 1SD2, 1.5M tons, vabied at fil,-5fH). .' - The eiitii1 prothu-tion of ochre iu the United States in IS'.)-' was 14,35 short Ions,, valued at 419:.i.074. So Virginia, which was only preceded by Pennsylvania in this industry furnished nearly one-tenth of'theen-i tire product of this country, and re ceived one-eighth of the valuation,. showing by the latter that its ochres are of high grade. - : ; Jki. HoiTiiKiss, , " Consulting Geologist t Prophecy Fulfilled.' James G; Blaine, in one of his campaign speeches, some years before.his death, prophetical' foretold the present condition of business, and the paralj-sjs which has come to our industries. If spoken now, in , the presence ' of the ruin, suffering and despondency that prevails, he could not have more accurately portrajed the industrial prostration and enforced idleness which afflicts the country. His words should be read and re-read by every one into whose hands they may fall, for they are words of. wisdom and must make a deep impression: i I love my country and my countrymen. I am an. American, and 1 rejoice every day of my life that I am. I enjoy the general prosperity of my country, and kiiow, that the work-ingmeu of this land are the best paid, the best fed and the best clothed of any laborers on the face of the earth. Many of them have homes of their own. They are surrounded by all the 'comforts, and many. of. the luxu-ries of lile. . - ,.'.' '"-) - ' "1 shudder, however, at the thought that the time must come when all this will bechangfd, when the general prosperity of the country will be destroyed, when the great body of workingmen in this land, Who are now" so prosperous, will hear their wives and children ; cry for bread; that the dy must come when the great factories and manufactories of this land will shut down, and where there is now life and activity there will be the silence of the tombf " And the reason why this must be is. this: The great .Southern wing of the Democratic party are determined ta establish the doctrine offree trade in this land.- They will be assisted by their Northern allies. There is a great body of visionary, but educated men who" -are employed day by daJp-rwritlng free trade essays and arguments in favor of the doctrine, w Wen-find- their way to every newspaper in this land. The great body of our people have never experienced themselves the sufferings ' which, always result When the' protective principles are laid aside. ' Poisoned and excited by the wild statements of these writers and the demagogic appeals of the Democratic speakers, the result will be that in the "very near future these' forces which are now working will ' be strong enough to' defeat at the polls the party advocating the doctrine of protection: It must inevitably, follow that uncertainty and doubt will ensue. The : business " meii of : the country, fearing .the destruction of the principles of protection, will decline to engage -In -business, conse-, quently niills will 'shut down, and the workingmen will thea be thrown out of employment. .; .- The people will then see as they have never seen before that they-can not be prosperous and- have work while this principle is threatened. In the midst of .their sufferings they will learn that -theonly. way they can be prosperous and happy is to vote for the party that has built up the industries by which they have gained a livelihood) because they will then see clearly that when the manufactory Is shut down there is no demand for the only thing which they have to sell, and that is their labor. " ' , The Tea Habit' la Japan. -Teals the-1 leverage and relish ol every meal In Japan,, even if - It be. nothing but boiled rice. ' t very artisan ami laborer going -to . work caries with hi in a. rice box; a'kettle, a tea caddyi a teapot. and a cup and his chopsticks " A few dry sticks boil the", water, and the refreshing beverage ismade. 'The rice iseaten either cold or .mixed with "hot tea, A complete tai apparatus belongs also to the fittings or the !'picnic box,"", with which every Japanese is provided when traveling or making an excursion, "or at picnic ' parties, OI the latter, caHad tiananil I." c, "Io!:fr: at the flowers"" tlie Jap- .;!- -..t"H-:iY -. . Howto lIave Good Fruit. 1 .Under natural conditions' a tree must attain a. certain age before. It will bear fruit.'. This varies greatly with different kinds ' of fruit; some coming into bearing much earlier" than others.' Whenever wo allow or force'a tree to bear fruit befbre It Is reasonably well established, the vitality of the tree is Injured. Nature's way is to let the tree reach maturity before It sets to work to effect its re production by seed. "We may' by dwarfing the tree obtain fruit earlier. In some cases and under some conditions the same varieties of trees 1 1 will bear earlier than at others, and in testings new varieties dwarfing is often allowed iu order to get at results earlier, but when thls: Is done extra care must be given or the vitality of the tree will be injured J - In the ordinary ore-hard iti is best to let the tree bear in its own good time vathtntithan attempt any forc-1ngr rtlrltH-ftte and Jertilize so as"" to give a healthy, vigorous growth. Get the tree well established' and ordinarily it will -bear good crops of fruit. "" ' ' ' t Most trees, if thrifty and vigorous, are ineliued to overbear, to set more fruit than they can properly mature jj'ithout a too severe draft on the vitality One reason, why so many trees bear fruit only in alternate years is that they are allowed to overbear to such an extent one sea: son that tree is so exhausted that t requires," the next season's growth to recuperate. For this reason j proper pruning in season and careful thinning after the fruit has formed welf is necessary iu order to prevent the tree from overbearing and at the same time secure a better qualltj' of fruit.' H -. r " r'.-' i The formation of fruit. .buds depends not rio much upon changes which occur during the present sea son's growth as upon those which preceded It. Bark and young wood in autumn and winter are laden with stores manufactured in the: leaves the yearx before and stored-up for use when required. Generally speaking, the trait buds, too, are formed the year before, and the management should be such as will promote the development of fruit buds at the ex pense of the Tleaf buds. The fruit grower, so far as he is able, must check the growth of one and develop the other for fruit formation. But after the fruit is fully formed it is essential that too. much be not allowed to remain on the tree, especially if aline quality of fruit is desired. Thinning so that no two specimens touch each other will aid in 'Jin pro v ing the size, color and flavor of the -fruit. It is the fruit grow A 'under those conditions that pays the besfj profit, prices. as" i t soils readily for good . " Care of Trees. p "There is no better time than the present to examine graves and groups of trees in order to determine whether they . are becoming overcrowded,, and to designate those which should be removed to make room for the rest. . . The' axe .is the only remedy for crowding among trees,- and when this heroic treatment is necessary no considerations of sentiment should be. allowed to interfere with its use. At this season, too, It is easier to flndwbere branches are growing too thickly on a tree, and where they are rubbing each other, than it is when they are in full foliage, and in the warm fJays of midwinter pruning can be done to advantage. When it is necessary to remove large branches they should be sawed close to the trunk and the edgecnt smooth with a sharp knife. Coal tar applied to the wound , will keep out moisture and fungi and thus prevent decays Any kind of ochreous paint will answer almost as good a purpose, and it can "be easily applied with an ordinary brush. All sprouts should be cut frouv the trunk and all suckers from. Its base, but the dead twigs in the hpads of trees can be more easily detected in the summer.' Can ThiM Be So? The Kicbmond correspondent of the Petersburg Index-Appeal, under date of March 9th, has the following paragraph: In the . opinion of a good , many people the Walton bill was, : If not Ml rafted by the hand of Senator-elect Thomas S.- Martin, prepared under his supervision. That Mr. Martin is tire real father of the act few persons who have Intimate acquaintance with the history . of - the 'measure doubt, A Rreat many requests are being reeelvetl here for. copies' of-the new law. One thousand copies of the act wilf be : printed and - can be secured , through members . of the Legislature. All of the Democratic Senators : and Delegates -from the southside. counties supported this measure. vThey report that the new law receives the hearty endorsement of their constituents'. Under its pro, visions It will be ah easy,, matter for the whi tes to -carry- the elections in every county in. the State- that is, if the constables- provided. fo in the bill nre disposed to take advantage of the word "'may"' in the bill and refuse to helptbe negroes to prepare their ballots. ' " " E.-F. Wickershaui la suing the Des Moines (Iowa) S- Order ...of Modern Woodmen for $3,000 damages for Injuries he received in his Initiation. They tiearly.made kindling of hlm'J "Frouii Juae, 1791, to November, IMS. the Freneh Government Carbli lT""J0nesi nearly three-fo.rt. j c! TCI cf rye"" it--- 1 1 Oossip of Oliosts. Richmond Rtate. , ' ? .. It Is known that Dr. J. J. Lafferty has been collecting tiata concerning ghosts. ' He Is . In possession' of a large assortment of stories of strange sights aud queer noises, and a Statesman has had chance td sample his stock.' " ' ' ' - "Give The State- your views' on ghosts Doctor.- asked' the State's; man. ' "It is not easy to define a ghost," replied the Doctor,' "but-the evidence convinces a plain person like myself that there lis "a .'somewhat' thai can be seen,' heard, produce speech, make noises. ' "The best Virginia sMctmeii was fthe Smith ghost.' , . "Tell of that." ' "When the late Dr. W.. A. Snilth (tor a long time presideut cf Randolph-Macon College) was pastor in Lynchburg, there appeared In his Lynchburg house an odd display of .unseen power. ' Ati'enipty; cradle In his dwelling began to rock about ten In the morning and continued for an hour each day for a month. Th6 cradle was changed from room to room.' It-came to time promptly and rocked wherever located. Hundreds went to see it, among them ninny ' ministers." Throe are living witnesses to this curious automatic motion of the child's crib". The preachers appointed one of ' their number to seize the 'cradle when rocking and hold it. The late Dr. Penn was the gentleman selected-.-When the cradle started he gripped" It, but it resisted so stoutly that he let it go. It seemed It would tear Itself to pieces if he held on." Nothing was found to explain the motion. It was fixed together as originally and it began on schedule time to rock again. It continued for a month, then quit and never rocked anymore. No one ever could tell, why it behaved In such an unusual "You did not see the cradle? "No. It was before ray day. I think Bishop Granbery, of this State, did see it. Dr. Smith w as a matter of fact person, robust In brain, and not inclined to believe in "sper-its." I asked him about the cradle. He said the cradle did rock as reported, but the discoveries of science would explain Jts actions at some future day and that ghosts had nothing to do with it, Science up to date has not found out the reason of the rocking.' "What is your theory?" 4I have none. I am only trying to unthink the knotty question: An English writer of note thinks the noises are made by spirits who have landed on the planet and got lost They do not mean to -frighten peo ple, but are only fumbliiigabbut trying to find their way back'.'. . Didn't your Mr. Wesley believe In ghosts?" " Very much. He had a reason to be a disciple of these strange visitors. For years there Was a 'something' that made noises In .' the rectory of Mr. Wesley's father. '. The thing was called 'Old Jeff.' It seem ed to understand what - we said to it. It replied to questionslby knocks on the floor or walls. It could be Irritated and then it made a great clatter. Wesley had a large number of brothers and sisters. AH these chll- .1 1 1 ."I 1 .1 TM, . .1 , 1.1 m ureu uuiit-u up uiu iicu auu, uuu iuii with his capers. The evidence of unseen but .noisy tenants of garret, Walls and cellars Is beyond cavil." "Have you collected 111 an v Vlr- . V a - ginia ghosts?" , ' "Yes, sir. -The bulk of 'my Group of Ghosts are natives of the 'Old Dominion.' I shall weed out all but genuine, throughbred, high toned F. V. gentlemanly ghosta.'5 - M r3? 1 What Ih Seigniorage! - The question is asked, what 1' meant by the coinage of the $55,-000,000 seigniorage, as, provided for in the Blaud bill, just passed oy the House of Ilepresentatlves. J , . There are members ; of - Congress . who wonld find it hard to explain clearly. The-word seigniorage has usually been applied to the mere fraction of 1 percent, charged at the mint to ' cover thd expense of cpn-vert Ing. bullion Into coin. -.-.A broader definition, however, and. one that is sanctioned by t he VCentury Dictionary." Is as follows: . "The difference between the cost of a mass of bjil-. lion and the face value of the piece coined from It." Now, the Sherman act called for the purchase by the Government of 4,500,000 ounces of silver bullion each month-at the current or market; price for silver; bullion. : The Government paid, for the bullion in special Treasury . notes. Inasmuch as the price of silrerf was constantly ; fluctuating; the volarae of , these notes Issued from month to month was never the same, although such monthly Issues were always based upon practically . the same quantity ot bullion.. . .-Altogether, from the time of the passage of the Sherman act Jh July, 1890, tip to Its repeal on : November 1, 185)3, somewhat less than $154,000,000 was issued in payment for .uncoined silver that-now lies in the government vaults,- '. Qui" standard " silver dollar ; contains 371.25 grains of pure silver. The bullion bought with ;the $154,-000,000 ot Treasury' notes is great enough to make tX&, 000.000 ' s t a nd a rd silver "dollars Jf It'were actually clneti. ThuH, id .1S90, .the bullion ralue of the silver dollar fljictuated between 1" ' 74 cents, but aver-' age3 Clr r the year. 1 In 131 it . aver . :ta. - 12 It rer- S-ZT!. OV- '"tK, r9(i h I ' r C. o -t ) - r T 1 xv s. . .
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