The Washington Post from Washington, District of Columbia on August 16, 1911 · Page 2
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The Washington Post from Washington, District of Columbia · Page 2

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. . ·- .. - · * - ··-: K, .'' THIS WASHINGTON POST; WED^ESdAY, AUGUST 16^ 1911. EOT PEflCE BEARS GERMANY'S PEACE OFFERING. /Treaty Might Breed War, ' Senate Committee Says. 0« e'. -rt *· GERMANY READY TO SIGN Would Join France and Great Britain in Arbitration With U. S. President Will Take Qtuition to People, in Effort to Force Senators to Ratify Conventions Which .They Allege Take Away Part of Their Authority, and Therefore Which Might Cause the Country to Go to Pieces. Almost in the same hour that the Senate committee on foreign relations reported yesterday to the Senate its conviction that the recently negotiated arbitration treaties between this -country and Great Britain and France^were "breeders of bitterness and war," Germany, through Its Ambassador here, was announcing Its desire to be a party to a similar arbitration compact with the United States, Germany made known to Secretary of State Knox. through Ambassador von Bernstorff, its acceptance of the general principles of arbitration as laid down in the Secretary's draft, recently submitted. A few exceptions were noted, however, and Count von Bernstorff will sail Saturday for Germany to consult his government further. He Will return in October. While the conference was proceeding, in the State Department the committee on toielgn relations presented a report to the Senate declaring the petidlng conventions with Great Britain and France, similar to the one propo»ed with Germany,- would likely provoke war rather than peace if consummated in their present form. The report was a vigorous defense of the committee's course in recommending the elimination of the paragraph In the "treaties conferring special powers upon {he Joint high commission created by the conventions. Republicans Are Severe. The attack upon the treaties centered on the question of^he Senate, as part of the treaty-making machinery of the linked States, giving Its consent to the investiture of the joint commission with au- DARING THEFT OF AUTO Robber Breaks Into Salesroom and Takes Machine. IN K. OF C. CONTROVERSY. CKOWD PASSING AT THE TIME New Six-Cylinder Car Taken From H Street Establishment--Man Fills Gasoline Tank and Carries Off Extra Tire and Kit of Tools--Police Watch Outlying Districts. COUNT VON BERNSTORFF, The kaiser's Ambassador In "Washington, who announced yesterday that his government desires an arbitration treaty with the United States. This necessarily means that each and every part of the treaty must receive the consent of- two-thirds of the Senate. " It cannot possibly mean that only a part of provisions shall receive the consent of the 'Senate. To take away from the Senate the determination of. the most important question In a proposed treaty ot arbitration is necessarily In violation of the treaty provisions of the Constitution. "The most vital question in every proposed arbitration Is whether the difference la arbitrable. For Instance, if another nation should do /something to which we object under the Monroe doctrine and the validity of our objection should be challenged, and an arbitration should be demanded by that other nation, the vital point would be whether our right to insist upon the Monroe doctrine was subject to arbitration, and If the third clause of Article II remains in the treaty the Senate could be debarred from passing upon that question. "One of the first of sovereign rights is the power to determine who shall come Into the country and under what condi- the Senate, whether or not a matter of dispute Is subject to arbitration. » The report was presented by Senator Lodste. of Massachusetts, and v Ahe ml- noritv of the committee was granted a^ week In which to present its views in rtpport of the treaties as negotiated. The committee predicts, with great seriousness, that the treaties. If ratified as presented by the administration, would arouse a series of international ilisputos, now happily at rest. Into "ma- liK" and dangerous activity." It is seldom that a Republican committee in the Senate has condemned In severer termi a proposition advanced bv a President of Its own political faith. It Is apparent, however, that the present situation as regards the treaties Is entirely free from politics or any personal hostility to Mr. Taft. It Is merely a case where the Senate »nd the executive differ on a point of ronstltutlonal construction, and the , Senate has risen In Its dignity and served notice that it will not acquiesce In the President's view. Accept Taft's Challenge. In ma-king public Its report yesterday the committee on foreign relations accepted President Taft's challenge and brought the Issue sharply tQ_ a head. The making, public of the committee's report was directly against the wishes of Mr. Taft, as was the amendment adopted by the foreign relations committee a day or two ago striking from th» treaties the section which empowers a high court of Inquiry to determine the propriety of arbitrating any International controversy when the contracting parties fail to agree on the subject President Taft haft served notice on the Senate committee that he will mt accept the amendment, ana will carry the flght to the people. The Senate committee's action yesterday In giving out Its report obviously was designed to head off any progress the administration might make In this"direction. The purpose of the committee was clearly indicated when it declined to withhold the report until Sepator Burton, representing the minority views of · the committee, might present the administration's side of the* question. Senator Burton then objected to the printing of the report until the minority views could be prepared, but Senator Lodge, who prepared the majority report, moved for the printing of the document at once. The question was put ana carried. The vote was viva voce, but the response indicated that It was almost unanimous, thus Indicating the attitude of the Senate generally toward the arbitration treaties in their present forms. Three Against Report. The majority reporter the committee la concurred In by all the members except Senators Burton, Cullom, apd Root. The report says that with the objectionable clause of the treaty empowering the high court of inquiry to determine whether a question la arbitrable the Sen. ale 1s deprived of Its constitutional- power to pass upon all questions Involved in any ' treaty submitted to it in accordance with the Constitution. The objections of the committee to the arbitration treaties are embodied In the following portion of the report: "The last clause of Article III, there- x fore, the committee on foreign relations Advises the Senate to strike from the treaty, and recommends an^ amendment to that effect. This recommendation la m»de because there can be no question that through the machinery of the joint commission, as provided in Articles II pnd III, °and with the last clause of Article III Included, the Senate is deprived of Its constitutional power to pass upon · «11 questions Involved In arty treaty submitted to it in accordance with the Constitution The committee believes that It would be a violation ot the Constiu- tion of the United States to confer upon an outside commission powers which, under the Constitution, devolve upon the Senate. "It seems to tha committee that the Senate has no more right to delegate its ·hare of the treaty-making power than Congress has to delegate the legislative power ^ Say It Is Unconstitutional. "The Constitution pro\ Ides that before a trenty can be ratified and become the iprezne law of the land it ^hill rc-cehe consent or two-thirds of the Senate I JEWS PA PER I APPEALS TO NATION. CONTINUED FROM FIRST PAGE. tributary or subject, would permit any other nation to compel it to receive the citizens or subjects of that other nation, tf our right to exclude certain classes of immigrants were challenged, the question could be foiced before a Joint commission, and if that commission decided that the question' was arbitrable the Senate would have no /power to reject the special agreement for the arbitration of that subject on the ground that it was not a question for arbitration within the contemplation of Article I.' "It Invites Disputes." "In the same way, our territorial Integrity, the rights of each State, and of the United States' to their territory might he forced before a Joint commission, and under Article III, in certain contingencies, we should have no power to pre- from being tried before a court of arbitration. Today no nation on earth would think of raising these questions with the United States, and the same Is true of other questions, which will readily occur to everybody. But if we accept this treaty with the third clause of Article III included, we invite other nations to raise these very questions and to endeavor to force them before an arbitral tribunal. Such an Invitation would be a breeder of war arid not of peace, and would rouse a series qf disputes, now happily and entirely at rest. Into malign and dangerous activity. To issue such an invitation is not, in the opinion of the committee, the way to promote that universal peace which we all most earnestly desire. "To take from the Senate, in any degree or by any means, the power of saying whether a given question Is one for arbitration or not is to destroy the power of the Senate' on the most Important point to be decide'd In connection with differences arising with any other nation. Kven If It were constitutional, to deprive the Senate to this .extent of their share In the treaty-making power would be most unwise and most perilous. The Senate of the United States Is as earnestly and heartily In favor of peace and of the promotion of universal peace by arbitration as any body of men, official or unofficial, anywhere In the world, or as any one concerned In the negotiation of arbitration treaties. Approved Other Treaties. "The history of the United States for a period of more than 70 years exhibits a,record of arbitration treaties unequaled by that of any nation on earth. Every one of those treaties has received the cordial assent of the Senate of the United States. The Senate today Is heartily in favor, in the opinion of the committee, of enlarging to the utmost practicable limit the scope of general arbitration treaties. The committee recommends to the Senate the approval of -the enlarged scope for arbitration proposed in Article I, but It declines to admit that the destruction of the constitutional powers of the Senate Is necessarv to the promotion of peace and arbitration, or that their maintenance diminishes by a hair's breadth the enlarged scope which these treaties propose for arbitration as the true method for the settlement of International controversies. "It must be remembered that if we enter into these treaties with Great Britain and France we must make, like treaties In precisely the same terms with any other friendly power which calls upon us to do so. This adds to the gravity of the action now to be taken, for nothing could be so harmful to the cause of peace and arbitration or to their true interests as to make a general arbl-" tratlon treaty which should not be scrupulously and exactly observed. Might Cause War. "As has been already said, there are questiotts which no nation will consent to submit to the decision of any one but themselves The only way to keep such questions from being forced forward, whlph Is in itself promotive of dissension, Ill-feeling, and perhaps war, is by the reservation to each of the contracting parties of the power to decide whether or not a question Is properly justifiable within the letter and spirit of the treatv. "There are certain questions at the present stage of human development which, if thus forced forward for arbitration, would be rejected by the countrv affected without regard to whether. In so doing, they broke the general arbitration treaty or not In the opinion of the committee, It should not be possible, "under the terms of any treaty, for such a deplorable situation to arise. Nothing ought to be promised tliat we are not absolutely certain we can carry out to tha letter. "If the third clause of Article III remains In the treaty it Is quite possible the unhappy situation just described might arise and the t t c a t v would then become, not \ \ h n t wo fomlH hone it w i l l ! be. a noblo instrument of pea"? but an ' all-omenec) tireotler ot bitterness and n a r For"~that reason, as well as on constitutional giountls and 111 the boit interests of pe^ce anil a r h l t i a f n n itself t h e com- K ·· it-eomirfnd-i " T t h i s lause be stiick«,n from the u e u l j . -- it through to the end, and we must take our hard knocks with equanimity, as we expect others to take theirs, with the hope and knowledge that the disadvantages that may accrue to each party can never equal the horrible losses, the cruelty, and the wickedness of war." Preferred Broader Plan. In explaining the negotiation of the British and French treaties and the machinery provided for settling disputes, the President said that personally he would have been willing to provide that all differences of opinion on international matters should be submitted to a court of arbitration for decision, but that as public opinion perhaps was not so advanced as this, the plan was devised by which the question of the arbitrable character of the controversy was left to a joint high commission, consisting of three representatives of each party. He continued: "Now I freely confide that It Is within the power of the Senate, in its function of advising and consenting to the treaties, either to reject them or to amend them. They do not amend the treaties, strictly speaking; they merely continue the negotiation by suggesting another form -to be submitted to the other party to the treaty, and that, I 'understand. Is what the foreign relations committee of the Senate has done, to wit: It has stricken out the third clause, vesting the commission of six commissioners, three from each side, with the power to determine whether differences are arbitrable within bind both countries when the vote Is five out of six in the commission to the acceptance of a judgment by arbitration upon each issue. Pledge of Good Faith. "I think this is a very Important part of the treaty. I think it is one of these pledges of good faith in entering Into the treaty that~is essential to make It a step forward In the adjustment of international controversies. When we agree that we will submit all justifiable controversies to the judgment of an arbitration, and decline to allow anybody to decide what Is justifiable except ourselves, we give little sanction or -pledge in advance of our willingness and anxiety to settle all possible controversies by arbitration." Regarding the agreement that the Senate, In ratifying treaties, would abdicate some of Its functions, the President said he had very, little sympathy for this claim as the powers of the Senate In making, treaties remain unchanged. He added: "I had hoped that the treaties wften submitted to the Senate -would meet With early ratification and concurrence. In this I have been disappointed, but I do not wish to be put In an attitude of expressing impatience at a proper deliberation by the Senate on matters of so great Importance. On the contrary, I urge such delay and deliberation, because I am convinced that longer consideration will satisfy the members of the Senate that the chief objection which'seems to be made to the third clause of the treaty has. no weight in it whatever." The President reached Ocean Grove shortly after 6 o'clock. He took ,dlnner at the home of A. H. De Haven. While he was at dinner thousands of people stood before the De Haven house In a pouring rain. The President left Ocean Grove late tonight for Washington. Gov: Wilson Left Out. There was on the undercurrent a local political row evident here tonight over the President's visit. Gov. Woodrow Wilson, tnough invited to the mass meeting, was not invited to attend the dinner given for Mr. Taft before he spoke, though bo'th former Gtovs. Murphy and Stokes were asked to the board of Mr. De Haven. Representative Andrus, of New Jersey, who "was a moving factor in the meeting, Is quoted as follows upon this situation: ' "I deny" that this is a political move. I wish it understood that we are not a political machine but an association born for the purpose of aiding the common people. President Taft Is coming here so that the world may see what good we are doing. Gov. Wilson was not invited for the sole reason that he is In no way- connected with the association and with Its efforts to bring the President here Except Mr Murphy, every man at the dinner tonight Is directly connected with the association or with the De Haven family. We feel that we were justified in Inviting the former governor, because he helped us bring Taft here " Mr. De Haven said that no slight to Gov. Wilson had been Intended, and that he would have been glad to have had him as a guest A daring robbery occurred Monday nlg-ht when a thief broke Into the salesrooms of David S. Hendrlck, automobile agent, 13 IT H street northwest, and stole a new 1911 model Thomas automobile. The police have been unable to locate any auto answering the description of this car. Requests have been sent to outlying districts to keep u a t c h for the^thlef. Mr Hendrlck thinks the theft oc- c u r r e d between 10 and 11 o'clock Mon- I A . night, while the front of the store w a s brilliantly lighted and hundreds o persons were passing-. The intrude broke the lock fastening the rear doo and made his way to the rear sales room, where the new automobile, a ca built along racing lines, was stalled The machine was In readiness for In stant use, having served for demon stratlon purposes during the day. Before he left the building- the thle filled the gasoline tank, took an extrt tire with him, and carried off a kit o tools. Then he guided the machln through a rear alleyway to Thirteenth street. Finds Door Still Open. When Hendrlck arrived yesterday morning- he found the rear door stil open. The automobile Is painted ligrh blue, with a low, torpedo-shaped body It is a 6-cyHnder car, capable of carry ing five passengers, and able to make i high rate of speed. Because of its peculiar shape and the many unique features of design, Mr. Hen drick believes no difficulty will be found in recovering his property. He has offeret $200 reward for information of th« ma. chine. "It seems impossible that any one would attempt to steal such .a car as that." said Mr. Hendrlck last nlglit. "It's design and color tend to make It so conspicuous that escape from detection Is practically impossible. This theft is one of the mos daring ever attempted in any city where automobiles are sold." Those living near the building statt they heard the cranking of the engln and the nol»e at the car as U got under way, but supposed it was being taken ou by Mr Hendrlck. TO APPEAL ON BURIALS f OPEN 8 A. M. CLOSE S P. M. | T A ' -- ~ i Ministers Join in Protest on i "Outrageous Custom." All such performances are pagan. Chrls- tianitj condemns them. "One of these troubled divines talks about 'the spiritual needs' of these dead I persons, but the dead are beyond all J needs, spiritual or human. They are en- i A titled to the recognition of the churcS, ! * he says, but such recognition has no more ' * . OA . oc ,.i c , .,·,- «,,· ,,, c . value or effect than the recognition of the I 2 4Z 0-4Z6 7th at. 41 i -4Z5 8th M. iealer of weights and measures. j * · ' ' ' ' "The one day each month whfch he de- · RETORT IS MADE IN LETTER Representative Johnson. BISKS HER LIFE FOE BABY. Mrs. l^ary Hawkins Injured Rescuing Child Prom Car Tracks. Mrs. Mary Hawkins, of 601 Nichols ave nue southeast, risked her life in an. effon to save her Infant child from being crushed beneath the wheels of a stree car last night. The child, John T. -Hawkins, agefl 2C months, had been playing in the yan of the Hawkins' home, crept out through the gate, an4 reveled to nls heart's content in the dust of the street. Rushing down the street came a street car. The infant paid no attention, but in Its child-like explorations drew--nearer and nearer to the tracks. As the car neared the child, the mother brought by instinct, appeared in the doorway of the house. With a scream she rushed toward her baby. The mbtor- man on the car applied his brakes. Mrs. Hawkins - reached her baby and lifted It from the track. The fender of the car struck both of them and tossed them far into the street. The passengers, the conductor, and motorman of the car hurried to the assistance of the stricken woman and Infant. With" a contusion over the left eye and its head bruised, {he child presented a pitiful spectacle, mother was nearly unconscious. "the . Dr. James W. Watson found that Mrs Hawkins was suffering from a severely bruised leg, while the child received several bruises about the head. Neither the mother nor child will die. HOLD 3 AS JEWEL THIEVES. Police Recover Valuables Stolen From Mrs. W. E. Caldwell. By the arrest yesterday of Dolly Byers, John Buchanan, and Benjamin Powell, negroes, the police believe they have solved the theft of the gold chain, breast pin, watch, and other trinkets belonging to Mrs. W. E. Caldwell, of 3303 Eighteenth street northwest, at the Union Station July 31. The articles were in a handbag, which was stolen from one of the benches in the depot. Precinct Detective Klelndienst and Po j liceman Harney, both of the Fourth precinct, arrested Powell, they reported, as he was trying to dispose of the valuables. The arrest of the other two followed. Mr. Caldwell Identified the jewelry. The accused will have a hearing before Judge Pugh in the Uuited States police court this, morning grand larceny. on the charge of UNAHAN'S PLEA IS DENIED Justice Barnard Refuses to Grant 3 New Trial. D. W. Baker Itemed Trustee of Estate of Man ConVicted of Habitual Drunkenness. ' Funeral of Gen. Nettleton. "Funeral servlcas will be held at'Arltng- ton National Cemetery this afternoon at 3 o'clock for Brig. Gen. Alverd Bayard Nettleton, former Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, -who died Thursday night in Chicago of heart failure. The body was cremated In Chicago, and arrived in Washington vesterday. The Rev. Henry Couden, chaplain of the House, will officiate, and a firing squad anrt bugler will attend The honorary pall- honrrrs are Oapr A B Gaston and Cap* F B B «aii(l« Sooretarx MacVeagh antl ' otlmr official* KT" pxpertod to nttrnrt ' R^prrientat!'' e«, of the Loral Legion nnrt the O \ R will he present Senator Burton "f 'ihin has b(-*n appointed to i rpprp.ipnl Ohj-rli-i College, (Jeri. Nettle- J ton * Alma miUei I Justice Barnard, of the District Supreme Court, yesterday refused a new trial for John W. Lanahan, adjudged an habitual drunkard by a Jury last week. Attorney Wilton J. Lambert appeared for Mrs. Lanahan, wife of the petitioner, who opposed the motion. Attorney Charles H. Darr represented the husband. The case may be carried to the District" Court of Appeals. On motion of Mr. Lambert, the court appointed Daniel W. Baker, former United States District attorney, a committee to take charge of the estate of Mr. Lanahan. Suit will be brought in Baltimore In a few days by 'Mr. Baker to recover about'$19,000 believed to be In -the-possession of a brother of John W. Lanahan. The latter testified that he gave that sum to his brother to be invested in stocks, and declared that the whole of it had been lost In speculation. His wife believes his brother sttll has the money in trust for him, and that It will be recovered. In announcing his decision yesterday. Justice Barnard told Mr. Lanahan that as soon as he overcame his Intemperate habit a jury would restore to him the right to manage his own property. He Is said to be worth about $30,000. TYPOS AT THE BEACH. Delegates to International Union Spend Day Merrymaking. San Francisco, Aug. 15.--Delegates to the International Typographical Union convention spent the day at the many points of Interest about San Francisco Bay. The principal event was the trip to Mount Tamalpais and to the Mulr w oods General sessions of the convention will not be held until Wednesday morning. Houston, Tex ; Cleveland, Ohio, and n ttn^a, Canada are In the lead for the i nn\ entlrm of 1912 Each city has opened h p n r f m m r t P r i and it» respective delegates are making an energetic campaign. Joseph S. Fritts Says Dead Man Is Past Possibility of Benefit Ceremonies Are Hypocritical and for Display," He Writes--"Service Valueless and Waste of Time and Means." Many ministers last night joined In the protest against the "barbaric form" of burial now existent at the District crematory, where 500 unclaimed dead are annually Interred without benefit of the last rites of the church. Among those to join the movement to arrange for "a. Christian burial for those taken to the potter's field, were Mgr. James Mackln, one of the high dignitaries of the Catholic Churclnin this city; the Rev. George Fiske Dudley, of St. Stephen's Episcopal Churchr and the Rev. John E. Doermaim, of the Grace Lutheran Church. All declared the present arrangement is an outrage, and that it shows an evident lack of Christian spirit on the part of some official who should have remedied av e Dr. E. L. Scharf. K. OF C. TAKES ACTION Dr. E. L. Scharf Charged With Offering to Sell Votes.' REPRESENTATIVE IS ACCUSER Catholic Organization, at Special Meet ing, Arrange to Take Evidence in Case Ben Johnson, of Kentucky) Says Edito Offered to "Swing" 4,000 Ballots to Pay. Determined to get to the bottom o the charges made on the floor of the House last May by Representative Ben Johnson, of Kentucky, chairman of the House District committee, against Dr Emil Sch-arf, editor- of the Catholic News Agency, o facials of ·'Washington Council, Knights of Columbus, held a special .meeting at Knights of, Colum bus Hall yesterday afternoon. Dr Scharf stands charged by Representa tive Johnson with having approached the Kentucky statesman with a prono- sltlon to deliver the Catholic votes In his district during Mr. Johnson's las fight for reelection for a "consideration." The meeting yesterday was called by Grand Knight George R. Repetti. The meeting was held behind closed doors but It was learned last night that arrangements were completed for a complete hearing of the charges. No depositions were taken yesterday. After the meeting Mr. Repetti said that the results of the Investigation will not be made public until some time In October. Prominent Catholics Involved. Dr. Scharf and Representative Johnson are both prominent members ot the Knights of Columbus, and as a resull Catholics In this city and throughout the country are deeply interested in the outcome of the investigation. After the hearings are completed, the findings will be formally passed upon by Judge William H. DeLacy and William Normoyle,. district deputies of the order. It was generally expected that some definite conclusion would be reached yesterday, but Mr. Repetti is authority for the statement that this was riot the ase. ' Representative Johnson's -charges were made on the floor of the House, when the District bill to change the name of Messmore place northwest to iMozart place was under consideration. Dr. Scharf lives at 2603 Messmore place, and has taken a lively Interest In the bill to-have the name of the street changed. Mr. Johnson rose Just before tfie. taking up of this measure aqd caused a sensation by his charges. "When I cam came to Congress four years ago," Mr. Johnson salo at the time, "I got a very mysterious note from E. L. Scharf asking me to cq.ll at his place and sea. him. I went, and when 1 got there he aeked me If I would be a candidate for- reelection to Congress. I told him I Would. He then told me 'he jjad discovered there were 4,000 Catholic votes in my district, and made a proposition to me that for a consideration he would deliver those 4,000 -votes to me. - Dr. Scharf Denies Charges. ·"I am proud of being both a Catholic and a, Knight of Columbus, and I know :his man cannot do anything of the kind. ! furthermore know,that there are sev- ;ral menSbers of Congress on this Hoor :o whom he had made the same proposi- :lon, and I have been Informed that he mB obtained money from members of this House on the pretext that he could deliver Jo them the Catholic votes in his district for a monetary consideration." Dr. Scharf has vigorously denied the harges of Representative Johnson, and will appear before the high officials of he Knights of Columbus in his own be- ialf. He will be represented by counsel. le has declared that Mr. Johnson evl- iently brought the charges to make po- Itlcal capital for himself. The charges will be actively pushed by Representative ohnaon. In his verslpn of the interview with Representative Johnson, Dr. Scharf de- lares that there were some church the condition long ago. None of the ministers urged the burial for reasons other than as a mark of respect to the memory of a human being who had the misfortune to die neglected and alone. It is "highly probable the Washington churches will, at separate meetings, adopt resolutions Imporfuning the commissioners to appoint a regular chaplain who shall Constantly attend the crematory and officiate at the burials there. Among the ministers seen last night were some who declared they will appeal personally to the commissioners to aid the movement. Would End Present Plan* "I would not suppose," said Mgr. Mackin, "that any one could hold the slightest objection to a plan such as- has been suggested. Of course, there would be the necessity ot, ending the present plan of cremation if the Catholic Church were to officiate at the services. "This is a matter of respect for the dead. I would urge that the unfortunate practice of burying men and women without the last comforting rites of their church be given up, and that services be said regularly over those who are burled in the Potter's Field. ' "No minister can reconcile the fact of poverty with a reftlsal on the part of the church to respect hunmnlty when death has come." , The Rev. Dr. Doermann was outspoken in his criticism o f , the present method of burial. /He characterized it as a disgrace and a shame,* "an offense to the city" and a. "condition that a heathen people would not tolerate." There Is absolutely no reason, he declared, why the Christian church should not see to it that the poor are buried with all the respect 'accorded the rich. Poverty Is Wo Bar. "Poverty itself is no 'bar to heaven," said the Rev. Doermann, "and the last rites of the church represent nothing more than its final blessing upon the man who Is dead. If a man has lived righteously, then, the lack of proper burial will not keep him from his reward. "But the ^church should be the first friend of the stranger, and the minister of the church should be the comforter of the friendless. Ministers of Washington should not allow this disgraceful condition to continue longer, but should Insist .that services be held over all bodl«s, "By what right should the District government assume that because a man is unidentified his life was not worthy of a decent burial? By what right should the ashes of human beings be piled into a trench as -the ashes of a furnace might be piled? The human being, poor or rich, should always have the benefit of the final services of the Christian church. He should not suffer the crowning humiliation of a Christian's life--the lack of a Christian burial. "This shameful condition must be remedied either by the District officials or the Christian people of this city. I am certain they ,will not allow burials at the District crematory to continue in the future as they have been In the'past." This sentiment was also expressed by the Rev. Dudley, who pointed out that it would not be difficult to find a minister who would assume the duties of chaplain at the crematory. This would relieve the present situation, he said, and would cause the "Potter's Field burial" no longer to be regarded as a thing of horror. Other ministers expressed themselves In the same fashion.-' They Were unanimous In tHe claim that unless the District government takes active steps to remedy the situation they will carry on a personal fight to accomplish that end. Writer Defends Custom. TKe following letter regarding "barbaric burials" was received by The Post yesterday: ,, / "Editor Post: This morning's Issue of The Post has a column article on its front page concerning the disposal of the dead bodies of unknown persons by the Dis- trict''authorities. ~ "The 'barbarism' of the-Authorities Is therein bewailed and condemned by a number of more or less prominent persons, clergymen, and others, whose names are given, but the views expressed by some of them, I take the liberty of say- ng. are quite as barbaric and heathenish, when viewed from the unsectarian and unbiased standpoint of truth and reason, as the 7 actions which they so feelingly la-- ment. "They condemn the burial of dead xdles without the benefit of the clergy; jut this benefit IB purely imaginary, and is one of the humbugs of the age. "What possible x good can a clergyman do to the shell from which consciousness, 'eellng, and thought have departed? A dead man is no good, and Is past the possibility of benefit either from tBe clergy, the undertaker, or his former rlends and associates, A dead body Is simply inert matter, and sdon will be resolved to Its original elements by the mmutable laws which govern In such cases. ' Vanity and Nonsense. "All religious ceremonies over the dead, LansburghBro. 420-426 7th St. 417-425 8th St. "xne one day each month whfch he de- · i Q M f O* 1 f\f\ Clares himself willing to dedicate to these * sH'Sf* AI"lfi - H I 1111 unprofitable services for the dead, Twould · * J *'^ O.41VI « p A . V W 19-inch Fancy Silks, suggest that he use instead to get ac-! quainted with truth. "JOSEPH S. FRITTS, "515 Second street northwest. August 16, 1911. At a .mass meeting of negroes, to be held "Religious i in the Cosmopolitan Temple Baptist |'. Church, N street, between Ninth and 1 Tenth streets, northwest, a committee of ministers will be appointed next Tuesday to cooperate with Supt. Louis C. Zinkhan, of the Washington Asylum Hospital, and Acting Morguemaster George Rundqll, In the matter of holding religious services over the unidentified bodies in the District. JACK LONDON TROtfNCED. California Millionaire's Son Fells Novelist in Fist Fight Special to The Waahington'post. San Francisco, Aug IB.--A story reached here today from Eureka, Humboldt county, that Jack London, who spent his vacation driving through the Northwest, was beaten In a fight at that place by William H. Murphy, Jr., son of a millionaire lumberman. London and Murphy met In a saloon and drifted Into a discussion which soon ended in a mutual determination to fight. Murphy was too quick for the novelist ·and landed a knockdown ,blow under London's right eye. This is the second time London has got the worst of a flst flg-ht within a year. His other encounter was with a saloonkeeper of Oakland. TWELVE INJURED IN BLAZE. Fire Follows ' Explosion of Ammonia Tanks, Doing $60,000 Damage. Pittsburgh, Aug. 15.--A spectacular fire in the business section of the city tonight caused the explosion of two ammonia tanks in the rear of a "large grocery establishment, called out all the available fire-fighting apparatus, and for a time the blaae was most threatening. It was finally subdued after doing damage estimated at $60,000. Twelve persons were hurt by Hying debris. All will recover. MOTHER TRIES SUICIDE Daughter Fights to Wrest Acid From Her Parent. HER SECOND ATTEMPT TO DIE Physicians at Emergency Hospital "Say Mrs. Belle P. Videtto, of the Turin, Is Not Yet Out of Danger--Husband Has Been Away From Home for Several Years. Beating: off her 19-year-old daughter, who tried to prevent her from attempting suicide, Mrs. Belle P. Videtto, 49 years old, swallowed a large draught of carbolic acid In her apartment at the Turin, 1924 Seventeenth street northwest, last night. She was taken to the Emergency Hospital, and fiate last night the physicians reported- she was not out of danger. Two of Mrs. Vldetto's daughters said this was their mother's second attempt at suicide. They declared they knew of no reason why she should seek death. Mrs. Vldetto's husband has been In the West several years, and has not been home In that time. Last night Mrs. Videtto talked of killing herself. When she picked up the via! containing the acid her elder daughter, Mae, sprang at her and endeavored to wrest the bottle from her. The two struggled from room to room until the daughter became exhausted. Tried Gas the Other Time. Mrs. Videtto then " removed the cork from the vial and drank a quantity of the acid. That she did not drink more was due to her daughter's frantic efforts. The daughters summoned several neighbors and a physician. The daughter Mae accompanied her mother to the hospital, and remained until ahe was made as comfortable as possible by the doctors. Miss Videtto said that her mother the first time she attempted suicide Inhaled gas. AT 50c * * * * + * * * * * * * * * * * *· * You can buy Fancy Silks at half price today. "We have -J 50 pieces of excellent quality * Taffeta and Messaline, in «. stripes, checks, and figures, and they're just what you'll * want for the early fall. They * $ are positively all pure silk £ ^ and nicely finished; all the ;; «ir- good colorings. Regular 85e « » $ and $1.00 Silks. t I Today at 50c|: 4 " -+ . CHRISTIAN XAHDER'S American Whiskies 13 varieties of unexcelled quality. Only at FAMILY QUALITY HOUSE 909 7th St. hOUM. , SPECIAL NOTICES THE ANNUAL 'MEETING OF THE stockholders of the East Washington Heights Traction Railroad Company for the election of directors and such other business as may properly come before the meeting will be held on WEDNESDAY. August 18, 1911, at the office of the company In the Central National Bank building, 7th st. and Pa. ave. nw., Washington, D. C. Polls open from 4 to 5 p. m. C. B. BILLIARD, Secretary. Printing That's Correct You will surely be delighted with your Printlng-lf It's from OUR PRESSES. Only faultless workmanship Is allowed to leave our shop. Two and three color work a specialty. Let us estimate. Rufus H. Darby Printing Co. I.ARGESTPLAX T T IN' CITT, SOS. 907, 90) E ST XXX Newark Ale--The Sort of Ate Yon'll Appreciate. Used in the leading government hospitals for convalescents. Light, wholesome, and s flellciouB tonic. Makes in especially refreshing summer drink. »1.00 Shoemaker Co. 1331 E Street. Phone M. 1168, ·tUUlM, IEISTER t CO | ARCHITECTS WASBIMGTOM. D. C, WATTERSON'S PLAN IS LOST Kentucky Democrats Refuse to Take Editor's Advice. Vote for Extension of County Unit law to AU Parts of State--Condemn Republicans. , ike the wearing of black clothing for hem, la more or less hypocritical and or display. It la utter vanity and non- ense. There is not even commendable emorse in them for the lack of brotherly ove and kindness which oftentimes has ieen withheld by these tearful and self- .ppointed mourners and indignant critics during life. Instead of criticising and omplaining about the sensible and prac- Ical course of the District authorities, why do not these sorrowful religionists get busy during the lives of these home- esa and friendless wanderers over the ace of the earth, and do something to make them comfortable, and ease their laim bills before the House at the time, I way down to the shore of the unknow- md that he took a deep interest In them, able? He says he asked Representative John-' "It is gravely stated that 'all unclaimed on, who was then a new member of the House, to stop by and see him. He ex- ilalned the bills In question to Mr. Johh- on, he says, and received assurances of he Kentuckian's support. Dr. Scharf also told Mr. Johnson, he ays, that at the end of each.session of Congress he published a report of especial Interest to all Catholics, and that when the time came Representative Johnon could subscribe. If he thought It ad- Isable. ' Trainmen's Outing Tomorrow. At a meeting last night of Columbia ,odge, Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen, in Typographical Temple, It was de- Ided to hold the fourteenth annual ex- ursion at Marshall Hall " tomorrow, 'rank S. Ratchfte is chairman of the en- eit.unment committee. J. J. Cunning- n will be master of ceremonies. dead bodies should be accorded the final service of the church.' All such service Is valueless and an absolute waste of time and means. Such service is a misnomer; it 4pes not ser\-e in any way or to the slightest extent the dead bodies under consideration; they are past all that. The 'benefits' which it is proposed to give to the unclaimed dead by funeral services conducted by these distressed clergymen are Intangible and all a myth. No one "can benefit lifeless matter. It Is declared by the Word of Truth that 'the dead know not anything-.' Where there Is nei- Louisville, Ky., Aug. 15.-- Delegates to Kentucky's Democratic platform convention tonight refused to accept Henry Watterson's advice and adopted the majority report of the resolutions committee, which provided for the extension of the county unit Jaw to all counties of the State. Mr. Watterson moved" to amend so as to leave the State's liquor laws as they stand, urging that the county unit was but^a preface to prohibition. The vote on Mr. Watterson's amendment- was 614 for and 667 against. Im- WEATHEE CONDITIONS. V S. Dept. ot Agriculture, \Ve»th*r Bureau. Washington, Tuesday, Augiul 15--8 p m An area of low barometric pressure that ha* moved in tie last 24 hours from the reiton of the great lakes to New England ha» been attended tv showers and thunderstorms in the middle Atlantic and New England States, the Ohio ratlev, and the lake region Scattered showers Are also reported from the South Atlantic and gulf States. Tennessee, Arkansas, and from a. number of points In the Northwest. Temperatures- .are slightly lower in the middle Atlantic «Dd New England SUt«, aad low temperatures prevail over the northwest Canadian provinces and the northern Rocks Mountain region tyofleralely high temperatures continue throughout the great central valleys, the plains State*, and the middle Rocky Mountain region The Indications are that the weather will be generally fair Wednesday and Thursday throughout the country, except that shoners are probable In the South Atlantic and gulf States. Temperatures will not change decidedly In any part of the country during the next 48 hours, but somewhat lower readings are probable In the plains States. The winds along the New England coast will be moderate westerlj . on_ the middle Atlantic coast light westerly, becoming variable on the south Atlantic and east gulf coasts, light to moderate variable; on the west gulf coast, moderate south erly. on the lower lakes, light westerly, becoming variable, on the upper lakes, light variable Steamers departing Wednesday for European ports will have moderate westerly winds and fair weather to the Grand Banks. Local Weather Report. Temperature--Midnight, 76, 2 a, m , T6, 4 a. m , 74; 6 a. m., 73, 8 « m , 77, 10 a. m , 88 U noon 88. t p. m , 86; 4 p rn.S5.ep m . 76 S p m , 76, 10 p. m., 73. Maximum, 88, minimum, 72 Relative hurainlH--8 a r n , S O ; 2 p m , 5 0 i P. m., 8«. Ralrfall (8 p. m to 8 p. m.), 0 85 Hours of sunshine, 5.8. Per cent of possible sun- fcblne, 42. Temperature same date last year--Maximum, _/0, minimum, 70. ' Temperature* In Other Cities. Temperatures Tuesday In other cities, with rainfall for 24 hour* ended at 8 p. m.. Rain- i Max. Mln. 8 p m . fall Ashevllle, X C. . . 8 4 64 68 « M Atlanta, Ga 88 72 82 Atlantic City N J . . . Si 74 74 0 02 Bismarck, N Dak., . 8 « « 78 Boston Mass at 68 74 Buffalo, N Y 71 70 72 78 in mediately after it was lost, the majority Chicago. report was carried unanimously. Besides j Cincinnati',' Ohio the county unit law, which has not been 'Cheyenne. Wyo .' »6 in force in counties where there are cities I Senv'«? "co!o CW1 ' ' M of the first four classes, the platform com- ' DCS Molnea Iowa M mends the Democratic Congress and the I Oaivcston. Tex .'...'.' «s State's Democratic representatives, and 1 H elen «. Mont gj "9 68 72 62 condemns everything Republican. _,. ; Indianapolis, Ind -Ine Jacksonville^ Fla. resolutions contain no indorsement of Kansas city^ Mo.', any national candidate, but declare for uttie Jlock, Ark . popular election of United States sena- i J? 8 An f trtes i,i'h 1 " tors, the direct primary, and for good [ Memphis*'Tenr roads. i New Orleans, La The Kentucky law as to local option ' M« w .7TM lt N ? provides that the county shall be a unit \ om'aha "ebr ' except in counties where there are cities Philadelphia Pa .."" of,considerable size. . M .. 78 .. 88 78 .. 84 . 88 84 LESS SED TAPE IN CUSTOMS. Reorganization Would Save Money, Rep- San Francisco, cai * * f fl»ti«lnr4lAlr1 Til resentatives Hear. ' Predicting an immediate saving of from $90,000 to $100,000 In salaries through consolidation of offices, the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, Mr. Curtis, yesterday explained to the Houslfe Treasury Department expenditure committee the proposed reorganization of the customs system. This plan Is outlined in a proposed bill to be urged upon Congress In December. Mr. Curtis contended that the plan would tend to check undervaluations and facilitate business, reducing red tape and clerical labor, and by increasing uniform- it} of business methods there can be no Performances Are Pagan. "These post mortem services are urged also as 'an act of Christianity,' but there is no Christianity in such a proceeding Christianity is Christhkeness, and Jesus never conducted any funeral ceremonies. nor t h o U B h t |Ends Life After Telephoning to Wife. ' Va., Aug. 15.--After telephoning twice to his wjfe in Littleton, X. C , Benjamin K. Rider shot--himself in a room at the Lynnhaven Hotel here yesterday. His body was found by a bellboy. The motive for his deed has not been ascertained, Pittsburgh. Pa Portland, Me ... . Portland. Oreg . . Salt Lake City. Utah... St. Loul«, Mo St. Paul. Minn. . Springfield. 111... Tacoma, Wash. .. Tampa. Fla Toledo. Ohio . VIcksburg, Miss. . 74 88 90 62 «2 8 90 84 88 72 82 64 72 74 7« TO M «2 74 74 70 S2 74 It M 70 7* 64 62 70 74 72 72 82 80 84 m ·2 84 76 82 02 12 78 7C U W 80 7Z M M 76 70 72 M 88 82 M M IS 82 80 M 0 »l e so 0 M 0 IS 0.12 0 *2 0 M 0 02 o.o , Today'* Tide Table. \ High tides--« 41 a. m. and «:41 p m. ! Low tides--12 08 a. m. and 12.28 B. m. River Bulletin. Special to The Washington Post. Harpers Ferry, W Va , Aug. 16.--Potomtc Hirer clear, Shenandoah River slightly muddy. Departing Gridiron Clubman Dined. About 30 members of the Gridiron Club " gave a dinner last evening to Mr. Scott C. Bone, who will leave on August 23 for Seattle to become managing editor of ' the Post-rntelligencer. The dinner was given at Cabin John Hoteh Mr Louis Garthe presided, and Mr. Arthur J. Dodge made a speech expiessing the regard of Mr. Bone's colleagues toward him. Messrs Alfred J. Stofer, John H. Nolan, Charles C Randolph, and others £ang popular songs. rWSPAPER!

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