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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT HEWSPAPBR C* NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. LI—NO. 258 Blytheville Courier Blytherille Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, JANUARY 27, 1956 TEN PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Los Angeles Area Hit By Heavy Rain 1,500 Forced From Homes;— Schools Closed LOS ANGELES (AP) — One of the heaviest rains in Los •' Angeles history — more than 7-Vo inches — forced about 1 ,~5 0 0 persons from their homes, closed schools and disrupted traffic and business. It wasn't until late last night that the storm abated and the Weather Bureau predicted "moderate to showery" rainfall today. No drpwnings had been reported but a 7-year-old boy was reported missing. Sheriff's deputies searched for the youngster, Roger Weingartner of nearby San Gabriel. He was last seen by his sister peering into the raging waters of Rubio Wash. The Los Angeles County Flood Control District reassured jittery citizens who recalled the recent deaths and destruction in northern California floods. District spokesmen said that debris basins were equipped to handle most runoff from the mountains. Palm Beach Threatened Vast areas of Los Angeles County were covered with water during the height of the storm, and the runoff, racing to the sea, posed a serious threat to Long Beach, 25 miles south of here, for several hours. Shortly bei'ore midnight, Sam Victors, Long Beach city manager, announced he had canceled an alert after engineers told him they had strengthened a flood control channel which passes ultimately through the heart of that city of 300.006. Floodwaters moved at speeds estimated up to 25 m.p.h. and in depths of more than three feet in many places. Even after the storm slackened last night, flood channels ran brimful and in a few areas evacuated residents were urged not See FLOODS on Page 10 Dell Kiwanis Club Installs New Officers Kiwanis Club of Dell has installed new officers for 1956 with Max Poe, Lieutenant Governor of District 12, presiding at ceremonies. Officers are John Miles Miller, president: Donald E. Blackmon, vice president; and J. T. Tate, secretary and treasurer. Outgoing president was Glen Cook. Members of the board «of directors are C. A. Smith, Noel Whistle, Garfteld Lewis, Boyce Russell, James Tidwell and Glen Cook. Of the new officers. Miller owns and operates an auto supply store in Blytheville. He was vice president of Dell Kiwanis last year. Blackmon is ' superintendent of Dell public schools and Tatc is an employe of Dell compress. Asks Cooperation In Sewer Work Mayor Toler Buchanan today asked Blytheville property owners to cooperate with the sewer project in signing property ease- Bients for the laying of lines. He said property owners contacted to date hove been cooperative In all Instances. Easements are permissions (ranted to the district to dig trenches and lay necessary pipes, In most cases along alleys. After pipes are, placed, the ditches will be filled and the property restored as nearly a» possible to its former appearance. Ditches will average five feet in width. Trees and property will be pro. teeted. In some cases, easements close to home* make connecting to the system easier .and less expensive. Property owners concerned will be contacted by the mayor or rep- resentnUvei of the sewer district. UN Survey Shows; Arab Nations Got Big Share Of Arms Aid By WILLIAM N. OATIS UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (AP)— -3 N. today nations ... lished a survey reporting that 10 Western shipped 22 million dollars worth of arms to Israel and her tols, projectiles and ammunition." Mollet Eyes New French Cabinet To Seek Okoy Of Assembly Next Week By CARL HARTMAN PARIS (AP) — Premier-designate Guy Mollet and his ally Mendes-France sought Arab enemies since 1951. This survey, published in the U. N. periodical Commodity Trade Statistics, said Israel got $8,986,000 of the arms and the five Arab states or Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia and Syria got $13,029,000 worth. Not Included The figures, however, did not include (1) aircraft shipments, (2) Britain's 23-million-dollar annual subsidy to Jordan's Arab Legion and (3) any arms from France. The survey, ending with mid-1955 also made no mention of Communist Czechoslovakia's agreement to sell Egypt 80 million dollars worth of arms. The survey said the nations had reported only "ordnance" shipments—"firearms of war, tanks, self-propelled guns, revolvers, pis- U. S. shipments to Israel and the five Arab nations were reported at only $359,000 for the 4'/ 2 -year period—$13,000 to Israel, $249,000 to Lebanton, $86,000 to Jraq, $11,000 to Saudi Arabia and nothing to Egypt or Syria. From 8 Others Britain said she sent $1,750,000 worth to Israel and $6,313,000 to the Arabs—$3,451,000 to Iraq, $1,406,000 to Egypt, $730,000 to Syria, $726,000 to Lebanon and nothing to Saudi Arabia. The balance covered in the report came from eight other nations: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, West Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and Sweden. They reported $7,223,000 worth of arms exported to Israel and $6,370,000 to the five Arab states. Benson, CBS At Odds Over Farm Report WASHINGTON (AP) — Secretary of Agriculture Benson, contending a CBS television broadcast gave a "distorted impression" of the farm picture, says he wants free time to i fierre ' today to shape up the French Cabinet the Socialist leader will submit for National Assembly approval next week. Mollet, head of the Socialist party and Mendes-France, who leads the moderate Radicals, formed an alliance called the "Republican Front" that won them some 160 Assembly seats in the recent election. I . Although far short of a majority in the 596-member Assembly, they claimed the right to head up a new government. Other parties disputed them only briefly and apparently are prepared to let them try to form a cabinet. Mollet is expected to get the backing of the 151 Communists- largest single party in the new Assembly. He says he will form a min- o"rity" cabinet with all the posts going to members of the front. Mendes-France is expected to get a prominent job, but there were reports of disagreement over which one. -The former Premier reportedly wants to take over the key foreign affairs post, while the Socialists prefer to put him in charge of economic affairs. Both Mollet and Mendes-France agree that Algeria is the main problem facing any new government. Mollet has said the next premier should go to Algeria for a personal try at finding the bloody 15-month-old guerilla revolt against French rule. Mollet accepted at once when President Rene Coty approached him last night, two days after caretaker Premier Edgar Faure sub- reply fully. Benson said he would present his demand today to the Columbia Broadcasting System, which telecast last night Edward R. Murrow's See It Now program entitled "The Farm Problem: a Crisis in Abundance:" In New York, a CBS spokesman said the network had no immediate comment. Appeared Briefly Benson, appearing briefly near the end of the hourlong documentary program, said he feared the program might give the idea that the small American farmer is on his way out. Any such contention, lies aid, is "demngoguery at its worst." Murrow put together a series of films to portray the farm situation. Government-held surpluses were shown in Liberty ships, warehouses and tents. Farmers argued over the job Benson has done One accused him of doing a "rotten job." while another called him a capable man beset by tough problems and pressure from politicians. The program opened with a farm auction sale near Corning, Iowa, where the farmer said he was being forced out of. business by low prices. Murrow commented that many small farmers were being driveni off the land, and said the Corning auction scene might be called "the death of a small farm." Not Foreclosure Benson said the auction was not „ foreclosure. He said he had learned that the farmer, Dale E. Caruthersville Maps Drive Objectionable Literature Cited .CARUTHERSVILLE — A drive on objectionable literature may be in the making in Caruthersville. Early this week, a group of laymen, representing various churches in Caruthersville, formed a Civic Affairs Committee. High on the agenda for the committee, spokesmen said, is eradication of objectionable literature which may fall into the hands of children. "A public meeting will be held in the near future to allow distributors to present their story and to exhibit to the parents of Caruthersville the type of literature avail- stated. This project, it was noted, is only the first of a long list of plans for civic improvement. Peterson, had voluntarily sold his property with the idea of .going to SeeTAUM on Page-10 mitted his resignation. More popular than - MendeS' France, he is given a good chance of getting confirmation. But ho 1 ; long his Cabinet will last is another matter. His own estimate, according: "to one report, is' about three months. • Backers of Farm Surplus Stockpile Bill Claim Victory WASHINGTON (AP) — Supporters of a proposal to shift part of the government's farm surpluses into a "strategic reserve" today claimed enough votes for its approval by the Senate Agriculture Committee. Chairman Ellender (D-La) and* other members oi the group drafting an election year farm bill conceded that Office of Defense Mobilization officials gave the plan a cool reception in testimony yesterday. "But I think we have enough votes to lock up some two million bales of cotton and 250 to 300 million bushels of wheat" for use only in war or emergency, the chairman told newsmen. One of Several Bills The defense stockpile of farm surpluses is one of numerous proposals offered as supplements to the soil bank farm program of President Eisenhower and Secretary of Agriculture Benson. Benson, in a. Johnstown, Pa., speech last night, urged farmers to write their congressmen that they want the administration's program passed before pla'nting time this spring. He said he is confident most farmers, regardless of party, will support the ^program if they study the ways it'would affect them. Called For Estimate Sen. Williams (R-Del) called, meantime, for an accurate estimate of the program's cost, saying, "I can't vote for the soil bank bill until I know the price tag." Backers of the defense stockpile plan say it would offset price-depressing effects of the more than eight billion dollars worth of farm surpluses now in government hands. They also contend that multi-million dollar storage and handling costs then could be charged to national defense Instead of to farm programs, while conceding that would make no difference to the taxpayers. Air Base Cost Hearing $10 Million , Army Engineers have, spent $9,760,000 of $10,193,280.84 in construction contracts at Blytheville Air Force Base from, July, 1954 to Dec. 31, 1855, Forty-two contracts were awarded, according to an announcement from Corps of Engineers, Little Rock District. Construction and rehabilitation of 52 buildings, airfield paving, "street paving, ordnance storage facilities and utilities nr* virtually complete. Nearlni completion HI a thetur, post exchange, noncommissioned officers club and taxiway lighting. Several other contracts are expected to be awarded within two months, according to Col. Staunton Brown, district engineer. Pending Is award of a contract for $275,000 for paving of parking areas, concrete durbs, Butters, walks, and storm drainage facilities. Bids will be received soon for security fencing, a training building, ordnance storefw (acuities and a cold <tor*t« warehouse. Buchanan 'Satisfied' On Contest Mayor Toler Buchanan expressed satisfaction today thai the election contest suit against him has been dropped and asserted, "the great majority of votes cast were in all things proper and regular." Yesterday, Circuit Court Judge Charles W. Light formally dismissed the suit filed by former-mayor E. R. Jackson. It was dismissed "with prejudice," meaning that it cannot be filed again. Jackson saia Wednesday that h<> intended to drop the rase involving CIO Seeks Election Here George Is Convinced Soviet Not Preparing For 'Shooting War' WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Georgp (D-Crfl) said torlny hp is convinced Russia is not preparing for "a shooting war" and that he sees no prospect of armed conflict with the U.S.S.R. "in the immediate future." Court Ruling Hits Congress' Power To Expose Reds Justice Department May Appeal Verdict To Supreme Court By KARL R. BAUMAN WASHINGTON (#J—A decision of the local U. S. Court of Appeals sharply narrowing the powers of congressional committees to expose former Communists apparently will wind up in the Supreme acourt for a final ruling. Justice Department lawyers began studying the opinion today with view to .-asking the high court to overturn it. The appeals court, dividing 2-1, ruled that congressional committees lack power to compel witnesses to name former Communist associates just for the sake of exposure. Congressional inquiries, the majority held, must have as their goal some valid legislative .purpose—that is, ' possible remedial laws. Has No Power Chief Judge Henry W. Edgcrton and Judge David L. Bazelon questioned whether "exposure of individuals to public contempt and hostility": is a .valid legislative pur "pose." And in the absence of a valid legislative purpose, they said, Congress has no power to expose former Communists and would nol have "even if there were a law requiring that former Communists be exposed" since Congress has no powers of prosecution. Judge Walter M. Bastian, who dissented, said the decision "puts us in the position of a court of appeals over Congress and its committees . . . limiting the scope of such inquiries to what this court thinks that scope should be." I Would state that the action of the court is, in my opinion, in interference with the legislative prerogatives and violates the doctrine of separation of powers," Bastian wrote. The decision reversed the conviction for contempt of Congress of John T. Watklns oi Rock Island, 111., a regional organizer for the United Automobile Workers. Watkins, convicted in U. S. District Court here last May, had been fined $500 and given a one-year jail term which was suspended. The case grew out of Watkins' appearance in April 1954 before the House Committee on Un-American Activities. He testified he was not then and never had been a card-carrying Communist, -* George, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said n an interview he thinks the Soviets have not changed a basic objective of world conquest, but 'their tactics have shifted to the economic front," New Strategy "Russia now is undertaking to 'urnish money by way of loans to neutral countries and, by making ioans, gaining the advantage of sending their .engineers and other techicians to work within neutral countries," he said. "This is part of their new strategy of working 'rom. within. "And they are trying to open up their foreign trade as widely as possible." The Eisenhower administration has cited such Soviet tactics in ask- ng Congress to vote it authority .o make some long-range commitments of foreign aid for specific projects. Considerable Opposition The request has stirred considerable opposition, but Sen. Hennings (D-Mo) said yesterday he favors the idea to help underdeveloped countries which are "now :he targets for Russian Communist aggression." Hennings told the Sen«te he hopes the administration will resist all attempts to "compromise it, or water it down." New Services At Base Chapel Another Chaplain Due to Arrive The first mid-week services willj be conducted at Blytheville Air j Central Metals Target; Could KO Expansion Plans United Auto Workers yesterday petitioned for an election of employes at Central Metals Products Co. here. And almost simultaneously, Plant Manager Riley Quick in an address to Blytheville's Rotary Club said unionization will cancel a proposed 1956 expansion of the plant here as well as other enlargements set for the future. Quick told the Rotarians, prior to if it will have to get out all to- taking them on a tour of the Central plant, that the board of directors of Black, Sivalls and Bryson, parent firm, has approved money to expand the Blythecille plant. However, he said, the board very definitely put strings on the appropriation scheduled for 1956 to the effect that such funds won't be made available if the plant is unionized. Expansion which BSB has in mind for Blytheville, he stated, is "just like getting another factory. - that you people don't have to go OUT, and raise the money for it." Retrenching BSB, Quick told the Rotarians, is retrenching in some -fields where high costs have led to the firm being underpriced by small jobbers. In many instances, he said, the company is utilizing its design staff in getting jobs and then, instead of manufacturing the product within the firm, is letting contracts to jobbers, whose costs keep them competitive. "I can asusre you men that if this plant goes union, it will never expand, "Blytheville is sort of a trial balloon whereby the company wants to see if It can stay in the manufacturing end of the steel business or Five Watching And, he pointed out, at least five other firms are watching the Blytheville operation closely. "Because, they, like BSB, are anxious to, see if moving South will permit them to continue to operate. "Arkansas has some very definite advantages. It has the Right- to-Work Constitutional amendment, a generous supply of raw materials, an overabundance of labor and a location preferential over the other states who have similar right-to- work laws." Quick said there isn't a union plant which offers workers the opportunities for earning which included in Central's plan. This is the rundown of the benefits which he said will be withdrawn on unionization: 1. 5-cent per hour increase each 90 days up to a 25-ceiit total increase. 2. Across tbe board Increases which led to 40~cent an hour wag* hikes In 15-months. 3. A Christinas party, attended by 600 persons, at which 150 Christmas hams were given out. Total See CIO on Page 10 In Letter to Ike: U S-Soviet Friendship Pact Said PropoiecTby TJulgamn By JOHN M. HIGIITOWER WASHINGTON (AP) — The heart of Soviet Premier Bulganin's letter to President Eisenhower is reported to be a proposal for a treaty of friendship between Russia and the United States, coupled with the suggestion that this would promote world peace. United States officials are studying this latest Soviet move seriously but skeptically. They feel it is almost certainly a propaganda maneuver. Bulganin is understood to have'— •• —— — Negroes Try to Enter Walnut Ridge School 1 last In "I am glad that Mr. E. R. Jackson has decided to drop his lawsuit of election contest. "It seems to me that our city nas already received too much adverse publicity over this matter. "It is my belief that the great majority of votes cast were in all things proper and regular. "There definitely were no voters who voted twice. The election commissioners, judges and clerks are to be highly commended for conducting the honest election held on Nov. 8 as they have done in past elections. "My heart is filled with pride to serve as your mayor for the next two years, and I sincerely hope that results of this nature may not occur in future elections." proposed a pact pledging the United States and the Soviet Union to settle differences within the framework of the United Nations Charter and to avoid interference in each other's internal affairs. This latest Moscow initiative is puzzling to diplomats. Just last year Russia canceled somewhat similar treaties with Great Britain and Prance in angry protest over formation of the Western European Union. The WEU is part of the arrangement under which West Germany is being rearmed as a member both of WEU and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Contents Secret Bulganin's letter was delivered to Eisenhower Wednesday. Its contents have been closely guarded, although publication is expected eventually, perhaps after Eisenhower has prep a/r e d and dispatched a reply. It seems unlikely that will be done before his talks here next week with the British Prime Minister, Sir Anthony Eden. The White House had no comment on the authoritative report that a proposed friendship treaty the main point of the communi intended to drop the rase involving j ^ ^^^.^ ~ „.,»•-•"•-•••- , js , hQ main jm of the communi . Ms loss in the nmyorality election | Force Base chapel at 7 p.rn^ today. whjch jt descrjbpd Wednes . last Nov. 8 by 16 votes. . A f " m . 'A Woman to Remem- ^ .. fr , ,,, lctter „ in a statement, Buchanan said: ber." will be shown and services are ^ itj 'appeared to con- Manila Mothers March Tonight Manila mothers will march tonight. Under sponsorship of the American ' Legion Auxiliary there, the mothers will be seeking contributions to the March of Dimes campaign. Manila residents arc nskcd '.o turn on their porchllght* »t 6:30 Manila's Blue Crutch sale will be conducted tomorrow with the Msthodlst Youth fellowship I" charge, open to Blytheville people. Chaplain Don R. Maxfield will conduct an informal Bible discussion period at 7:30 p.m. Sunday services are held at 11 a.m., with a nursery provided for pre-school children. Sunday school for all ages begins at 10 a.m. Roman Catholic services are conducted at 8:45 a.m. by Father Amos Enderlln. Chaplain Maj. Leo J. Hannon, will assume these duties upon his arrival. Rabbi Vise, auxiliary chaplain for Jewish men. has Invited all servicemen to Temple Israel for Brotherhood Service Feb. 10 at 8 p.m. 'We're Losing a Great Industry,' Bilbrey Says Why Is everybody so calm about losing a $40 million basic Industry? That's what County Agent Keith Bilbrey asks today In his On Mlssco Farms column on Page 5. . Bilbrey says the declining fortunes of cotton will affect 80,000 people in the county, one way or , the other. . Some citizens, he said, are worried, depressed, mad, despondent and uncertain. The County Agent? "He is the most confused of nil," Bilbrey states. front Eisenhower and Secretary of State Dulles with problems of both policy and propaganda. They want to take advantage of every Soviet move which offers a hope of making some real improvement in relations between Bast and West. Ticklish Position At the same time, they oppose participating in any kind of agreement which would simply raise surface hopes about pnace and cre- See SOVIET on Patfc 10 Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS: Mostly cloudy with occasional rain and a little wanner this afternoon and tonight. Saturday scattered tmmdcrshowers. Sunday partly cloudy with widely scattered thundershowers and cooler. High this afternoon low to mid 40s; low tonight, high 30s. i Minimum this moniuiB—32. Maximum yesterday—37, Sunrise tomorrow—7:01. Sunset today—5:25. Meiin temperature — 31.5. Precipitation 24 hours 7 a.m. to i a.m.)—none. Precipitation Jan. 1 to date—.90. This Dale I.asl Vrar Maximum ycstcrday—M. Minimum tills mo.-nlni;—14. Precipitation Jon 1 to dcvto—.01. WALNUT RIDGE, Ark. (AP) — Three Negro children tried-to enroll at the white elementary school here today, the second such attempt in Arkansas this week. The Negro children, accompanied by three adults, were turned away by A. W: Rainwater, superintendent of schools in this northeast 96 Civilian Jobs Will Be Filled at AB Jobs for 96 persons will be filled within the next six months at Blytheville Air Force Base, it was announced today. The Air Force is hopeful thai most of these positions can be filled by local residents. Approximately two-thirds of the civilians now employed,at the base are from the Blytheville area. Civilian Personnel Officer V. G. Smithson pointed out. And most of these are veterans. futurf Veterans will be given pieference also, he said. The base is now authorized to establish a local board of United States Civil Service Examiners Examiners for jobs not filled by career civil service employees will be announced during the coming months. Announcements will be posted only in Arkansas and within a 50- mile radius of Blytheville. County Highway Projects Slated Preliminary work on two Mississippi County highway projects has been authorized to get underway, Herbert Eldridge, director of highways, has announced. Investigation work, including surveys, plans and cost estimates, will begin on Highway 40, for a bridge to replace the Left Hand Chute of the Little River bridge, and on Highway 14, for the replacement of the Tyronza River bridge. Tha State Highway Department will not be ready to let contracts for the actual work until money Is available, probably some time In July. The money Is expected to be appropriated In the 1950 Highway Act oi Congre»s. Arkansas town. "Walnut Ridge is committed in its plan for this school year insofar as integration is concerned," he told the Negroes. He added that the Walnut Ridge School Board has taken "the matter under consideration." Twenty-seven Negro children tried to enroll in white schools at Little—Rock Monday. They applied, at all levels of the school system. They, too, were turned away. Mrs. L. C. Bates, president of the Arkansas chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, said after the Little Rock attempt that an appeal to the courts would be the next step, PAGEBOY — Bobby Joe Ellison, 16, son of Mr. and Mrs. Leroy Ellison of Osceola, will leave for Washington, D. C. Tuesday where he will be a pageboy In the U. S, House of Representatives. He was appointed by Rep. E C. (Took) Gainings. A sophomore In Osceola High School, Bobby Joe will remain in Washington until Mnrch 1. He h«l been a Courier News carrier In Osoeott.