Tampa Bay Times from St. Petersburg, Florida on October 21, 1944 · 1
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Tampa Bay Times from St. Petersburg, Florida · 1

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St. Petersburg, Florida
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Saturday, October 21, 1944
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TODAY'S FEATURES THE WEATHER TODAY ST. PETERSBURG AND TAMPA BAY AREA Fair today and Sunday with little change in temperature. Details on page. 2. Brldr Church Cluaified County Comic. CroBJword My Dy Editorial VOL. 61, NO. 89 COMPLETE ASSOCIATED PRESS, ASSOCIATED PRESS FEATURES, UNITED PRESS AND INTERNATIONAL NtWS SERVICES ST. PETERSBURG, FLORIDA, SATURDAY, OCTOBER, 21, 1944 ASSOCIATED PRESS TELEMATS ACME TELEPHOTOS EIGHTEEN PAGES FIVE CENTS SHELL-RAZED AACHEN FALLS 10 AMERICANS y. lesporasible for 0 OuOPPODT) Page Faze 15 Financial 17 4-5 Public Opinion S H-16 Local News 9-11 17 Merry-Go-R'nd. 6 13 Meeting-. 8 14 L. Melittt 6 13 National News 3 6 Obituaries 2 Pape Politic 7 Radio 13 Society g Sports 33 State New 37 Theatres 9 Weather 3 Winchell 13 Tour Garden S Dewey GOP All Loimdl dud Pih NOMNEE SAYS NEW DEAL DID 'SOME GOOD' By GARDNER BRIDGE PITTSBURGH (ff) Loosing a new barrage at what he calls "one-man government," Thomas E. Dewey last night declared that Presi dent Roosevelt is trying to make political capital out of social gains which he said were initiated by Republioan administrations. The New York governor prom ised to expand and broaden these gains if elected. After declaring that Demo crat! resent "the kidnaping of their party by the Communists and the political action committee," the Republican presidential nominee said in a prepared broadcast. "It is time to face the fact that the New Deal is a bankrupt organization, living only to extend its powers over the daily lives of our people." He conceded the New Deal "did some things in its youth," but de clared that "now it seeks to live on its past." "In this great national cam paign," he said, "my opponent has not offered to the people of this country even the pretense of a program for the future. He tells the working men and wom en of America to trust him, to do as they are told and ask no questions. That is the end re suit under one-man government. always.' OPPORTUNITY FOR ALL "It is the inevitable end of 1 philosophy which see no real fu ture for America. It is the re suit of a viewpoint that can see nothing ahead but a repetition of its own peacetime failures a return after the war to unemployment, with leaf raking and doles "I am sure America will never submit to that dreary prospect," he continued. "We are going forward to swift, total victory over our enemies abroad. We are going to take the lead in building a world organization for lasting peace, and here at home we are going to establish a government, which will make possible a vigorous productive economy with jobs and opportunity for all." The New York governor, who came here from Albany for a one-speech appearance and planned to return to the New York capital immediately, earlier expressed belief that Roosevelt's decision to campaign actively in Philadelphia, New York and other cities indicated fear of defeat. Thursday's hurricane played havoc with press association wires in Florida. As a result the one remaining AP wire yesterday was taxed with news. This made it impossible to transmit the full text of Gov. Dewey's speech. However, the accompanying article is a good summary of it. "The natural inference," he told a press conference, "would be that Roosevelt is trying to re verse a trend which is now so strong that it indicates a Re publican victory in November." This was in response to a re quest for comment on the appar ent deviation from Roosevelt's earlier statement that he would not campaign in the usual sense In his speech at the Hunt armory here, which was broadcast nationally, Dewey asserted the slogan of the New Deal is: "Back to normalcy with ten million unemployed." He said improved labor rela tions began under Republican ad- i ministrations with the railway labor act, anti-child labor laws, the anti-injunction bill of rights , lor laoor, and other measures ' adding: "This program was a part of the social trend which has con tinued since the social security law, the wage and hour law and See DEWEY, Page 2, Col. 6 oiois in U. , t v'j i i l y J I vVV-i - 1 ' 8 ; ? ' 1 ' i I 1 - . x $ , f.AjfsM(. . f 4 .... r V s , V1? ft A '. ! ilr, , . J ! J " ' v " ! t : 5' , ' : ' 06 . , . jiiujjujiJ.MJUiaiiiii--LiiiiLM i 1 1 f " " nfftliuMwisail fitirtnir-iTrfiawiiarHirrTrT'-fl " YANK BOMBS BLAST FORMOSA This official U. S. navy photo shows bombs from carrier-based planes exploding among large warehouses and other installations of Kagi, Formosa, during the Oct. 11 attack. U. S. strategy seemed based on knocking out Formosa bases supplying the Philippines, with a follow-up attack on the Philippines. 50-Block Area Devastated In Cleveland by Terrific Explosions of Liquid Gas CLEVELAND &) A series of terrific liquid gas storage tank blasts and the resultant holocaust yesterday dealt flaming death to an undetermined number oi persons, caused injuries to some 200 others and devastated sections of residential property over a 50-block area on Cleveland's east side. While only three victims' bodies were received at the county morgue, estimates of fatalities ranged from 12 to possibly 40. Five of the hospitalized injured were reported in critical condition. Directing scores of police in the seared area, Detective Inspector Frank Storey said he personally had seen 12 bodies among charred remnants in the wake of the inferno. At police headquarters, Capt. Harry Weis said reports from officers at the scene indicated a fatality toll of possibly 40. An earth-shaking explosion of one of the East Ohio Gas com pany's two spherical liquid gas tanks at East 61st street, and the New York Central railroad tracks sent flames hundreds of feet sky ward about 2:50 p. m. (CWT). Witnesses said the blast hurled a canopy of fire over frame struc tures in the immediate vicinity and shattered windows more than a mile distant. GRACIE ALLEN HOLLYWOOD. Lots of peo pie are sayinr this political cam paign isn't being handled rieht and I, for one, certainly agree wnn mem. For instance. I haven't seen single news photo of a candidate holding a baby. Goodness knows It would be specially helpful thi year, what with so many of the motners working in war plants, And why doesn't one of the candidates take advantage of the cigarette shortage? Many a long face would brighten up with cigarette in it. If they can get votes bv promising "a chicken in every pot," thev should be able to start a landslide by promising cigaretU in every pan." WARNED TO FLEE Officials of the East Ohio Gas company, owner of the $6,000,000 liquifying and storage properties, said an explosion in a nearby testing laboratory of the Ameri can Gas association apparently fired the liquid gas tanks. Cause of the laboratory explosion was not immediately established. Scores of fires sprang up al most instantly as the tinder-dry structures were ignited. Panic stricken mothers darted hatless and coatless from burning homes leading bewildered children to safety. Police cruisers sped through the district shouting warning to residents: "The neigh borhood is on fire! Get your chil dren and get out as quickly as you can! A second explosion soon rocked the area, skyrocketing a fresh column of flames heavenward. As the raging fire spread on the wings of a brisk breeze, still more blasts occurred, although less severe, Pools of liquid gas detonated and minor blasts occurred in gas mains, apparently as the highly volatile substance reached those outlets. The blaze virtually raced amid frame dwellings, several block from the East Ohio property before firemen were able to lay lines and bring streams of water into play. The fire area is roughly bounded by East Fifty-fifth street on the west, East Sixty-fourth street on the east, St. Clair ave nue on the south and Lake Shore boulevard (beside Lake Erie) on the north. Fire Chief James Nimmo said at 6 p. m., "We have the fire corralled now between Sixty-third and Fifty-fifth streets." He expressed fear, however, that additional gas main explosions might occur "and might cause it to spread again." The number of homes within the area from which residents were evacuated was estimated at 600, with a sprinkling of small business places. Of these, possibly 150 dwellings and 30 busi ness establishments were de stroyed or damaged, it was said by John Sveknc, a civilian de fense volunteer at the scene. Unofficial sources said the number of persons driven from their homes might exceed 1,500. Japs Agree to Permit Food Supplies to War Prisoners AACHEN, Germany (TP) The German border city of Aachen, reduced to wreckage by American shells and bombing planes and torn by days of savage street fight ing, fell yesterday to Ameri can troops who drove the last of its desperately resisting Nazi garrison from their bur rows in the city proper. Last night the victorious Yanks began mopping up the remnants of Nazis hopelessly trapped in pockets on the outskirts of this mass of wreckage. There were es timated to be between 500 and ,000 Germans trapped in the vise in addition to approximately 2,000 already captured. KNOCK OVER BUILDING Troops under the command of Lt. Coy. Merrill Daniel of Geneva, N. Y., knocked out the last major German strongpoint in the city at 3:30 p. m., (10:30 a. m., EWT) with direct fire from a 155 mm. rifle blasting at close range. The big gun literally knocked down a building in which S. S. elite guard troops had made a last desperate stand. A Yank private sitting in a win dow several yards in front of the gun was blown from his perch by the muzzle blast and KnocKea all the way across the room. With the strongpoint reduced to smoke and rubble the doughboys swiftly advanced through the remainder of the ruined city and squeezed the Nazis into a final pocket. "Aachen is ours," said an American officer, matter-of-factly announcing the capture of the first large German city by Allied invasion armies. "When we knocked out that building we knocked out the guts of their defense." Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges' First Army troops have been at-tackinn Aachen, medieval seat of Charlemaenes empire ana im portant bastion of the Siegfried line, since Sept. 15. On Oct. 10 the city's German garrison was ordered to surrender wunin hours or be annihilated Dy American guns and planes, wnen the ultimatum was rejected tne Yanks launched an all-out as sault that quickly settled into house-to-house fighting with bay onets, bazookas and self-propelled guns. Aachen, whose peacetime population was 165,000, is 40 miles from Cologne on the Rhine and 240 miles from Berlin. Its famous cathedral, resting place of Charlemagne, is standing with only relatively minor wounds. Aachen's fall nails down the right flank of a solid 85-mile front anchored at Arnhem in Holland, behind which the Germans declare Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower is mounting a great offensive designed to knock Ger many out of the war before win ter snows set in. BATTLE NEAR ANTWERP (Canadian armor and infantry opened a new offensive yesterday north of Antwerp along me mam Antwero-Rosendaal highway, aimed at giving flanking insurance to other Canadian forces who had sealed the neck of the neninsula leading onto South Beveland and Walcheren islands north of the Schelde estuary. The new drive gained more than five miles in the first lew hours a front dispatch said. (The Canadian offensive was described as the second phase in the iob of clearing the approaches to Antwerp, which the Allies badly need as a supply port for the western front. A enspaten from Associated Press War Cor- resDondent Roger Greene said the German pocket near Bresken on the south bank of the bcneiae was "collapsing like a pricked balloon." The count of Nazi prisoners in the Schelde pocket fight ing stood at almost 3,200.) The damage in Aachen is appalling, and if the German people in the cities to the east could see the havoc wrought by the decision of their leaders to fight in every street and every city it would be an object lesson they would never forget. Last night the men who cap tured the city received Ihe plaudits of their commanding general, who praised them for a XVAmoy A3jf CUNTO- - V' I Poo'ic Luton ' Slroit Ocean J"Aparri .. MJ LUZON l.nflay.nfef V,tr PHILIPPINES Clark field f . JC 6ATAANjr-A V Z CORREGIDORy3JV m'inDORO L Seo - Bahangao H(n,fuan j? . KabaSa,aUDAVAO! 1 ' ., MINDANAOA&.AJ Ite, V $ tlauo BORNEO 'It' V tf.fm ' StTUTt Milts' WU?' HAtMAMtfiAijf v- n jap resistance M iffeeis After WASHINGTON-(INS) Un- dersecretarv of State Edward R. Stettinius Jr., revealed yesterday that Japan has agreed to permit delivery of relief supplies from Vladivostok to American prisoners of war and civilian internees in the Philippines and in other Japanese-held territory. The undersecretary said that 2,500 tons of American Red Cross relief materials which have piled up on Vladivostok wharves for two years, will be transported to the Soviet port of Nakhoda, 60 miles east of Vladivostok, where the relief supplies will be picked up by a Japanese ship. Negotiations for the delivery of the Red Cross food, clothing and medicines have ben carried on with the Japanese government through neutral Switzerland since late 1942. The Soviet government, Stettinius said, would offer safe conduct for the supply vessel in what are believed to be heavily-mined waters as far as Nakhodka. It is believed that the "mercy" vessel carrying the much-nccded relief supplies to American na tionals under Japanese control is already in transit to the easterly Soviet port. In reply to a reporter at his news conference, Stettinius said he had nothing new on the Po lish-Russian situation. He ex pressed hope that a solution will shortly be found which will make possible a strong and independ ent Poland. In commenting on reports that other Latin-American countries had measurably increased their exports to Argentina within recent months, the undersecretary reiterated that the United States government was closely collab orating with the Latin-American republics on the Argentine ques tion through normal diplomatic channels. Stettinius brushed aside i newsman's question on the in ternationalization of the Dar denelles which, according to re ports, was under consideration by the Allies. Stettinius declined to comment but said that this was a military question at the present time. GREAT FORCE HITS PHILIPPINES General map of Japanese Pacific area shows how U. S. air and sea forces struck blows at the enemy's supply and air bases, then, under General MacArthur, moved back into the Philippines in a great attack that split Jap anese forces in two. Heavy American landings were made in central Philippines on Leyte island in first movement. Soviets Capture Belgrade While Other Reds Advance Info East Prussian Towns (First D eivasBon (See our editorial on page 6) GENERAL MacARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS, Philip pines (P) capture ot a prized air Held on L-eyte in the central Philippines was reported today from the invasion scene where an American army of 250,000 men poured ashore from 600 ships, along with tanks and supplies in a gigantic synchronized operation of land, sea and air. Thev came to grips on Leyte i battle roll forward to bring you within the zone of operation, rise and strike." LONDON. (JP) Russian and Allied troops captured the Yugoslav capital of Belgrade and conquered Hungary's third city of Debrecen on the road to Buda pest yesterday as Berlin an nounced that other Soviet forces crashing through the smoking ruins of East Prussian villages had penetrated seven miles inside pre-war Germany. A total of 17,147 Germans were killed or captured in a trap south east of Belgrade. Moscow's daily bulletin announced. Waves of Red army warriors punched new holes in Nazi homeland defenses on a 25-mile front opposite Lithuania, reaching the area of Ebenrode (Stal-luponen), a communications center seven miles inside the Junkers province, Berlin said. Moscow was silent on the invasion of Germany, but Berlin broadcasts said the still-rolling offensive from the east had obliterated whole villages, was within 30 miles of the large junction of Insterburg on the Kaunas-Konigsberg highway and was accompanied by other heavy Soviet thrusts from northern Po land on the southern side of the Junker province. A new Soviet crossing of the frontier south of Ebenrode and Eydtkau, the latter a frontier village taken Thursday, resulted in Red army troops reaching the Romintcnscke Heide, Berlin said. This is a 135-square-mile area oi heath and forest land lour to seven miles inside East Prussia. The Germans implied that the drive launched by the brilliant young Jewish tank expert. Gen. Ivan I). Cherniakhovsky, also was fanning out north of K.vdtkau, Indicating that armored spearheads were engaged in turning the flank defenses of Tilsit, already menaced by a third Russian army arrayed along the northern side oi East Prussia in the Memel area. The crack "greater Germany" division has been thrown into the struggle, one Nazi broadcast said. British troops liberating Greece drove 32 miles northwest from Athens and occupied the legen dary city of Thebes. An Allied communique told of continued heavy fighting in Italy. Wallace Sees Tidal Wave Of Sentiment for F.D.R. See WAR, Page 2, Col. 7 F.D.R. Broadcasts At 9:30 Tonight (See Story on Page 7) From New York city tonight beginning st 9:30 o'clock President Roosevelt will be heard In an address before the Foreign Policy association in the Waldorf Aastoria hotel. The president's address will be carried over NBC and Blue networks. His talk is expected to last 45 minutes. Stations WFLA and WSUN will carry the president's address. SELL IT SUNDAY Whether it is a used car, a piece of furniture, a cow, a boat, a house, a mortgage, a dog, a flock of chickens or an electric pump, if there's a market for it in St. Petersburg, a Times classified ad will sell it. Dial 5101 and ask for an ad-taker. Adv. OMAHA, Neb. (U.R A tidal. wave of sentiment for the re-elec tion of President Roosevelt appears to be sweeping westward from the eastern seaboard. Vice President Henry A, Wallace said at a press conference last night shortly before addressing a Democratic rally in Omaha's city auditorium. "We are hopeful of carrying even Maine for Roosevelt," Wal lace said. "I visited all the New England states except Vermont and found no discouragement for Roosevelt. In the middle Atlantic states there was no discouragement. And now in Nebraska, which various poll takers have said was the safest state for the Republicans, I find no discouragement." "It looks like a tidal wave sweeping in from the eastern seaboard." Wallace, who finished a four-day campaign tour In his native Iowa before coming to Nebraska said Democratic congress chances In his home state "were much better than he anticipated." He predicted the November elections would result in a "Democratic senate and undoubtedly a Democratic house." The vice president discussed the farm problem at the rally. "If the Republicans should win, Wallace said, it will mean an end to the triple A and th ever-normal granary, even as th Democratic victory in 1932 meant an end to the farm board." Wallace said the farm program discussed bv Gov. John W Brirker (Republican vice prcsi drntial nominee), indicated the Republicans were for crop loan and support prices without, th triple A or the ever-normal granary. "With the European demand fading, as it will, a program of crop loans without the ever-normal granary," he said, "would have the same sad end as the farm board. It would lead to the same abyss of crumbling prices. Crops loans would be so low as to mean nothing. 'With two good crop years, prir a would decline to the 10 cent corn and 30 cent wheat level as it did under the farm board." Under such a condition the net farm income would be cut in half. Wallace said.' To prevent that "we must have full employment of labor with good wages." Wallace pointed out that farm prosperity had come during the Hoosevelt administration and then remaiked that 'farmers when niosneinu? tec! they tan afford to be Republicans." with Japanese of the 16th divi sion which Gen. Douglas Mac- Arthur told correspondents he was eager to get at because u was "the outfit that did the dirty work at Bataan." (Mutual's radio reporter, Gor don Walker, said in a broadcast that Tacloban air field on the northeast end of Leyte had fallen to the Yanks. Murlin Spencer, Associated Press war correspondent with the invaders, said the mammoth convoy, exceeding that which took the Allies to landings in North Africa, carried as many men as perhaps more than were put ashore on French Normandy on D-Day. Prime Minister Churchill has disclosed that nearly 250,000 men were landed in Normandy on the first day. Although casualties since the Leyte landings started yesterday have been kept low by constant coverage of the air forces and ships' guns, including the 16 inciters of battleships, front line dispatches made clear that the Japanese have mustered their be wildered forces sufficiently to put up bitter resistance in some sec tors. FOUR SHIPS SUNK One of the toughest encounters occurred at Palo, just below Tacloban bay in the northeast sector. Fred Hampson, Associated Press war correspondent, reported: "Four landing ships sank and several smaller craft about us were smothered by Jap shore guns and mortars. "We moved the last 500 yards toward the beach aboard Higgins boats in a rain of shrapnel and machine-gun bullets. When, after eternal minutes, we could land we hit the sand and had to plow through waist deep water through geysers thrown up by very near misses. . . . "Until midafternoon, the ships unloaded doggedly under enemy fire ... At long last, the struggling soldiers dragged our own artillery ashore and began answering the Japanese." A Pearl Harbor communique of Adm. Chester W. Nimitz detail ng how carrier planes laid low the Japanese defenses on Leyte and nearby islands to help clear the way for landings, listed the destruction of 87 planes and the sinking of a large enemy cargo ship. The bag of planes raised to more than 1,400 the number knocked out by carrier planes since they opened preparations for the Philippines Invasion Oct. 9 with attacks on the Ryu-kyus within 200 miles of Japan. Recoiling from the surprise landings, the Nipponese were reported shelling the invaders with mortars and artillery. Yank ground forces have con solidated all beachheads on Leyte in the central Philippines and are moving inland, headquarters an nounced today in its second communique on the invasion. Ground casualties were reported com paratively light. Food and supplies are pouring ashore as the invaders come to grips with the selfsame Japanese who tortured the Americans and Filipinos following the surrender at Bataan in 1942. The Japanese air force dealt counter-blows and succeeded in damaging one of the vessels of the (iOO-ship convoy, the communique said. Another was hit by shore fire. The communique made no reference to a report from the invasion scene that the 6,000-foot air field at Tacloban on Leyte had been seized. JAP POSITION IS HOPELESS General MacArthur, who went ashore with his forces Thursday (U. S. time) was quoted in a field dispatch as saying that there was little more than one Japanese division on Leyte. Its position was hopeless, he told William B. Dickinson, representing the combined American press. American naval and air power, he explained, would make reinforcement impossible. There was no late word from the forces that landed farther south on Leyte near San Jose and the southern tip of the island. While his assault forces streamed ashore along the eastern coast of Leyte island, MacArthur dramatically broadcast his appeal to the islanders: "I have returned. Rally to mr. Let the Indomitable spirit of Bataan and Corregl-i dor lead on. As the lines of In announcing the reinvasion, MacArthur said the operation caught the enemy by surprise and beachheads were secured "with small casualties." (The Tokio radio was heard by. the federal communications commission to say that a "full scale onslaught" against MacArthur's forces was about to be launched. The broadcast was beamed to the United States.) Speaking over the radio "Voice of Freedom," as reported by the office of war information, Mac- Arthur informed the Filipinos that their president, Sergio Osmena, and members of his cabinet were at his side. "The seat of your government is now therefore firmly re-established on Philippine soil," he continued. "The hour of your redemption is here. I now call upon your supreme effort that the enemy may know from the temper of an aroused and outraged people within that he has a force to contend with no less violent than Is the force committed from without." MacArthur's appeal, made a few hours after he had landed with his assault forces after a terrific air and naval bombardment, came two and a half years after his memorable words, "I shall return," spoken upon reaching Australia from Corregidor, Every available able-bodied survivor of historic Bataan and Corregidor was with him. VETERANS LEAD LANDING With him in the landing barge were Filipino President- Sergio Osmena; Brig. Gen. Carlos Romu-lo, resident commissioner of the Philippines; Lt. Gen. Richard K. Sutherland, American chief-of-staff who left the Philippines in 1942 with MacArthur; and Lt. Gen. George Kenney, commander of the Far East Air Forces, A bright sun was shining. MacArthur sat upright at the stern; with Sutherland, Osmena, Kenney and Romulo standing just below him. As he sat down, the general remarked to Sutherland witn a broad smile: "Well, believe it or not, we're here." Elements of Lt. Gen. Walter Krueger's Sixth Army, veterans of New Guinea warfare, and at tached units from the central Pacific with supporting forces made the long expected landings, which had been reported earlier by the Tokio radio. The lodgments on Leyte, on the eastern side of the archipelago, were "rapidly extended" by ground forces, MacArthur said announcing the operation. Supplies and heavy equipment immediately began flowing ashore in large volume. (President Roosevelt announced in Washington yesterday that the reinvasion was' proceeding on schedule and See PHILIPPINES, Page 2, Col. 3 Texas May Halt Citrus Shipments HARLINGEN, Tex, (T) Texas citrus growers have been asked to curtail shipments for the next three weeks to allow Florida growers to get their hurricane-damaged fruit off the ground and to markets. J. E. McDonald, state commissioner of agriculture, in a message to the Valley Morning Star yesterday strongly urged valley growers and shippers to "cut shipments to the bone." Fruit knocked from Florida trees by this week's hurricane must be marketed quickly or it will spoil, he said. McDonald reminded valley growers that when a devastating hurricane struck tne lower mo Grande valley in September, 1933. Florida halted all shipments of fruit and allowed Texas to sal vage thousands of dollars worth of citrus that otherwise wouia have been lost. "It's the least we can do," McDonald said in his message to the valley. Guatamalan President Is Overthrown GU ATEMALA CITY. (JP) President Federico Ponce was overthrown yesterday in a revolt led by young officers of the Guatemalan army and unl-i versity students.

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