Tampa Bay Times from St. Petersburg, Florida on October 1, 1939 · 4
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Tampa Bay Times from St. Petersburg, Florida · 4

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St. Petersburg, Florida
Issue Date:
Sunday, October 1, 1939
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4
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FOUR ST. PETERSBURG TIMES, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1939 There Arc No Humane Wars WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND DAIIT AXD flKDAT EnterH find tlM matter tt the Pat- offu ft. pterburs r'lond. Publihe4 every morning ry The Time. Publifhitif t'fimsjy. tram The Time BuiM-int fifth Slml nJ Firel Avenue South JL fviernbur Flond Mr Hr It Or tMK AvuHIATM) PKr.! The AwKVii'fd Prt- it eictulvei entitle, 0 the u for publirti..B of all nem credited fir not nthrri credited to th r-P" ;. the lval ift puhlmhed therein 1 A I I. (HiYiNTKK , Preetrtrtit NhljioN P POVXTER Editor UNTRl'iTI I'LN'ESS: And now also the ax is laid unto the root oi the trees, every tree therefore which bnngeth not forth good fruit is hewn down and cast into the fire. Luke 3:9. SUNDAY. OCT. 1, 1939 Forewarned There is a natural tendency to deplore the comment so frequently heard these days to the effect that the United States eventually will be forced into Europe's current war. Such talk is regarded as dangerous because it may create an indifferent public attitude toward our becoming involved. Yet that may not necessarily be the case. In fact, it may work in exactly the opposite direction. In 1914. when the World war broke out, there was no talk in this country, at least, about the United States ultimately being dragged into that bloody mess. The danger seemed too remote to cause any general alarm. And the result was that almost without realizing it. we drifted into the great conflict in 1917. Our un-awareness of the situation actually worked to involve us. Today, no sure situation exists. The nation is acutely conscious of the danger that we may be drawn into war. And public opinion is definitely crystalized that we must keep out. We know its fearful price, Its ghastly futility. As Edd Johnson commented in his series of articles on foreign propaganda, "If you can smell it, it won't poison you." Bv the same token, the United States, forewarned of the danger of war, is forearmed against it. We can better avoid such a pitfall when we see it. At least, we aren't apt to stumble blindly into it as we did 22 years ago. o We Must Keep Up To Date The United States Army, which was 150 years old Friday, is too busy right now to celebrate its birthday with appropriate ceremonies. With war raging in Europe, our military authorities are prudently preparing for national defense. Evidence of their foresight is contained in the list of lectures scheduled for St. Petersburg reserve officers during the coming winter months. When the . first group school convenes next Wednesday, local reserve officers will see and hear practical sound training films on "Communications" and "Defense Against Chemical Warfare." New and strikingly effective uses for mechanized weapons of warfare have been devised in Europe. The Poles were unwilling or unable to adapt themselves to modern methods. In some battles against the Nazi war machine they employed lancers to attack tanks. It was magnificent, but it was not war. Such cavalrymen were as helpless against the German juggernauts as were the simple savages of Montezuma arrayed against the mail-clad warriors of Cortez. The lessons of the present war must not be lost on regular or reserve officers of the United States Army, in St. Petersburg or elsewhere. Hazardous Headlights Some traffic officials are optimistic enough to believe that the new driver's license law will help to reduce accidents if the motorist will use a little common sense in the operation of his vehicle. The average driver is cautious; but how about the motorist who is just plain careless? A correspondent of The Times from Tarpon Springs discusses the "one-eyed hazard." Driving from St. Petersburg to his community the other night he counted 14 automobile with only one headlight. County law enforcement officers announced a few months ago that they intended to wage war on "one-eyed" motorists. The authorities should watch for such drivers and bar them from the road until their cars are properly equipped with two headlights. 1 -o In Europe works of art are now being stored in bomb-proof metal shelters. Like everything else, we now get our masterpieces in tin cans. Some Progress A welcome announcement from county officials is their plan to post traffic signs along the county highways to guide the motorist so that he may know and observe Florida law and rules of the road. These will include notices at dangerous intersections and at other spots where accidents are likely to occur. These signs should be of valuable aid to the visiting motorists who come here each winter in large numbers. Local drivers will do well to observe them, too. And here we would like to repeat our suggestion that more speed limit signs and more stop for school bus signs be erected at all highways where there is likely to be doubt about the speed allowed. This is important because speed limits vary in different states and a motorist from some other section is likely to bear down too heavy upon the gas pedal unless cautioned. Especially necessary is it to have these signs at all approaches to the city limits. o Wonder if that report about Hitler having a nightmare is true? He dreamed, it seems, that he made a beautiful speech blaming everybody else and wasn't once interrupted by a single "Heil!" o You know what time of year it is when the average American quits talking about the war and starts wondering whether the Yanks will take them in five games or four straight. o Public health service says children grow faster in autumn and winter than in spring or summer. Maybe it just seems so to papa since they need more new clothes then. M C , f" fi 11 . J I I H 'WW vH . F- -or. -- . . , . m r- , SV m Irt fl'f mm Italy Shows Signs of Joining Hitler as Nazis Concentrate Troops for Big Push in West By DREW PEARSON and ROBERT 8. ALLEN THE TIMES FORUM We welcome your letters. Eeep them under 250 words. Be truthful, fair, courteous. Always Include your name and address. We reserve the right to abridge tf necessary. We are not responsible for statements or opinions expressed by our readers. Peace or War Editor, The Times: Does St. Petersburg want peace or war? As an eye and ear witness to certain episodes which occurred, at and near Fourth and Central, I am forced to conclude that war is what the people want. A group of men and women, many of them residents here for years, formed an organization for the purpose of obtaining signatures to a petition to be sent to Senators Pepper and Andrews urging them to do everythng in their power to keep us out of war and strengthen our neutrality as follows: 1. Keeping American nationals and ships out if war zone. 2. Supporting "cash and carry" for all supplies shipped to belligerents. 3. Letting the people vote before entering a foreign war. 4. Placing an embargo on all war materials. A booth was stationed at the corner of Fourth and Central on which signs were placed using these statements. Workers carrying petitions circulated among the people on the green benches. All these workers conducted themselves as ladies an gentlemen, as indeed they are, and were enthusiastic in the hope that they were doing something worth while and constructive. The funds for the circulars, signs and booth came out of their own pockets. And I might add that none of them are wealthy or even well off. Never have I witnessed such discourtesy and intolerance nor have I seen a worse exhibition of stupidity, ignorance and indifference by the public. Two young people in charge of the booth were heckled and insulted. One man, a member of the American Legion which is on record for peace, followed a young woman soliciting signatures and, among other things, called her a Nazi. A prominent lawyer, known to the writer, was most insulting. He wanted to know who was paying the bills and insisted that the group was employed by Hitler. He wouldn't even read the statements on the petition which would have convinced him of the sincere motives of these young people. Is that the cleverness and intelligence for which lawyers are famed? There were many others who would not rear! the petition Therefore, they could not know the purpose. Nevertheless, they were loud in their insults and denunciations. The crowning act occurred sometime Saturday night when the signs were torn from the booth. This in a free country and in a supposedly peaceful city. The movement was sponsored by a number of the churches which, in view of St. Petersburg's reputation as a church-going city, makes the attitude of the people all the more incomprehensible. Among the crowd were Legionnaires with sons old enough to be drafted. Is it possible, except for the few who are always ready to fight for anybody and anything, that these fathers after their own terrible experiences, want their sons to do it all over again? Do they want more graves in Pi-cardy? There were also older folks who turned deaf ears to the petitioners' plea; whose sons were over there saving the world for democracy. Is it possible they want to see their grandsons with torn and shattered bodies and minds? I just can't believe that this is what the people want. I still have faith enough to believe that they would flock to sign petitions, that they would do anything necessary to keep us out of war, if they would only stop to think and realize the terrible consequences if "We the People" do not speak. M. W. VELSEY 7003 Park street south. 'Hitler Is Doomed' Editor, The Times: I read with considerable Interest your editorial in The Times, under the caption "The Greater Battles." I quote "There is sus pense, competition, drama there. The public demands to know what is going on. Hitler's name is on the lips of everyone. What will he do? Will he win? Will France and England crush him Just as the Allies crushed Germany in tht last war? It is exciting. The world awaits the answer. It hungers for the details of the battles of the strategy?" It devolves upon the newspapers to keep the public posted day by day with the news as it happens, but we also are In possession of the prophetic word which informs us in advance concerning the general outcome. Those who would like to look over this advanced sheet may do so by turning to their Bibles and reading Revelation 6:3 to 8, and the Chapters 8 and 9. Europe is now leading up to this. For the moment we have Joel 3:9 to 15. Jesus describes the now developing situation in Matt. 24:21, and Luke 21:26. But we have had wars before says one, how may we know that this great upheaval is the one foretold? God has provided the measuring rod in the jubilee cycles, which began to measure when Israel crossed over into the promised land. Lev. 25:1 and 2. The Apostle Paul tells us that these were shadows of coming things. Heb. 10:1, and Col. 2:17. There were to be just seventy jubilee cycles in all, and each one came every fifty years. That makes 3,500 years. Those 3,500 years have just expired, and the great antitypical jubilee, the thousand year reign of Christ, it about to begin. The old must be destroyed, and will be destroyed by the incoming new. The present world conditions fit perfectly. The great climax may be found in Daniel 2:44. And when the clouds roll by, Hitler will be among the missing, for' he is doomed the handwriting on the wall has appeared. CLARENCE F. HEATH. 3619 Fifteenth street north. WASHINGTON. Two significant backstage developments have churned up the European war picture this week. First Is the increased concentration of German forces behind the Western front. Allied, military observers have spotted troop trains and motorized transport all converging on the Siegfried line, which Indicates Hitler soon will throw all his strength against tht French. Second is the word coming out of Italy that she is definitely leaning toward war on the side of her Axis partner. All during the past week, neutral ambassadors have been calling upon Italian Foreign Minister Clano to get an Inkling of which way Italy would jump. Count Ciano, however, has told each of them a different and frequently conflicting story. Afterward, they got together, compared notes and decided Ciano was deliberately lying. Abandoning Mussolini's young ton in-law as a source of information, neutral diplomats have taken careful soundings of Italian public sentiment, and find that the defeat of Poland has made a tremendous impression. Italians are tending to conclude that Mussolini was right after all in saying that the democracies were weak and flabby, and that Italy's future lay with a virile Nazi partner. Simultaneously come other diplomatic dispatches to the effect that Hitler is putting great pressure on Mussolini. He wants II Duce to attack France on the south while he attacks on the north. This, plus the Italian campaign In Africa, would keep France fighting on three fronts, and might sufficiently divert the French army to give Hitler the quick victory he is looking for. COUGHLIX'S BROADCASTS New code of the National Association of Broadcasters effective today, has brought indirect admissions from Father Coughlin that he did make racial and religious attacks over the air. The Detroit priest has hotly denied this. But Stanley Boynton, head of his private booking agency, tells a different story in letters to radio stations by which he tries to buy more time for Coughlin. Boynton is promising that in the future Coughlin will make "no attacks on race or religion" and will confine his talks to a "patriotic tenor." According to Boynton they will be strictly "sermons on neutrality' and devoted to "keeping the United States out of war." During the past three months, Coughlin has had time on 48 stations, all independent. The three big chains. National, Columbia and Mutual, have re-fused to sell him time on the ground that his broadcasts were controversial. If they permitted him to air his views they would have to give the same privilege to others to answer them. Inside word in the radio industry is that Coughlin is having trouble buying new time, that a number of the stations with which he has had contracts are refusing to renew. GARNER'S FISH Ruddy and fit as a fiddle on his return to Washington, Vice President Garner proudly informed cronies that "not a single big one got away from me." Some voiced skepticism, so with a wide grin he told this story: Two friends went fis, ;ng, one In Wisconsin and the other off the coast of North Carolina, and when they returned home, compared notes. The one who had gone north told of catching a 150-pound muskellunge. "He put up a ttrrific battle," he related, "fought me for hours, but I finally landed him." "Well, I didn't have much luck with fish," said the other, "but I did pull up an antique ship's lantern. And the remarkable thing about it was that it still was lighted." The friend looked at him a moment and then said, "Jim, tell you what let's do. Til knock 100 pounds off my fish and you blow out your lantern." BUSINESS VS. WALL STREET Significant in the undercover storm over the heavy J. P. Morgan representation on the war resources board and on Secretary Morgenthau's emergency braintrust is the fact that the hottest protests are coming from business men. Instead of being just another clash between new dealers and industry, the fight is largely one of industry versus Wall Street, with the new dealers favoring industry. Principal objection of business men seems to be the fear that Wall Street will dominate the war machinery of the country. The independent industrialists are demanding that they, too, have a voice in it. One of them, a prominent midwest-ener, sent a sharp telegram reminding the president that the U. S. A. extended beyond the Hudson river. Another In the east, who has been on ' friendly terms with the administration, warned that the situation has the seeds of a y new inner circle disruption. ' He pointed out that last winter when' Harry Hopkins, as newly installed secretary of commerce, extended an olivt branch to business, the inside clique in Wall Street, led by John Hancock of Lehman brothers (who ha Just been ! appointed to the war industries board), : promptly took advantage of the offer to launch a drive against the securities exchange commission. Result was a bitter wrangle between Wall Street and new dealers causing Hopkins' rap- j prochement plan to go up the flue. "We independents are tired of holding the bag," wrote the manufacturer. "Every time a move is made to bring business into the Washington picture, Wall Street considers it a signal to rush In and hog the show for its own ends, and we are left out in the cold. I fail to understand why, in view of this, the president has permitted the biggest v power in Wall Street to be installed in key places in the emergency, agencies." Note Inside word on Capitol Hill Is that one of the Issues certain to be raised when the senate reconvenes is the Morgan domination of the war resources board. "LAGNIAPPE" Popular colloquialism in Louisiana is "lagnlappe," an old French term meaning "gratis" or "in addition to." School children use it to wangle a free piece of candy when sent to the grocery tore by their mothers. Representative Rene L. De Rouen of Louisiana is past school age, but ht hasn't lost his lust for "lagniappe.' Only now he gets it from the government In addition to his own $10,000 salary, he wangles an additional $7,215 for three relatives on the payroll: Christina De Rouen, wife, office assistant $2,745 Alvin F. De Rouen, son, clerk of the house public lands committee, of which De Rouen is chairman 3,300 Ann De Rouen, daughter-in-law, - PWA clerk 1,440 Here are a few other congressmen who are "lagniapping" on a less pretentious scale: Representative George S. Williams of Delaware, whose daughter is on the rolls as his secretary at $2,900. Representative Harry R. Sheppard of California, whose wife draws $3 000 as his secretary. Representative Walter M. Pierce of Oregon, whose wife gets $3,900 as his secretary. AIR LABORATORIES The announcement by the national advisory committee on aeronautics that Sunnyvale, Calif., had been selected as the site of the government's new $10,-000,000 air research laboratory was only one of the decisions reached at its secret meeting. Not made public was a plan to ask congress next January for three additional laboratories. Chief proponent of the idea was Dr. George W. Lewis, director of NACA research, who recently returned from a survey of European air establishments. He told NACA members that Germany was far ahead of any other country in aerial power, and attributed this chiefly ) to extensive research facilities. "Germany has five huge research centers," Lewis reported, "in addition to a number of smaller ones. They are constantly at work . improving planes and motors. With the lead the Nazis have now, think of what their position will be a few years hence unless we begin at once to make up for lost time." No decision was made on locating the three new laboratories, but from views voiced at the meeting Dayton, M U., where the army nas a large iesung ground, is certain to get one of them. Over 50 cities competed with Sunnyvale for the laboratory. x MERRY-GO-ROUND Next to the war, chief worry of Washington diplomats these days Is how to keep their parking signs. These signs, V posted in front of each legation to pro-"-' vide private parking, have been rooted up and borne away by souvenir hunters. . . . Lord Lothian, British amabassador, spends most of his time making formal calls on his colleagues. Protocol requires that he call on all the ambassadors In town, and that all the diplomats with rank of minister call on him. There are two embassies, however, where Lothian will not call the German and the Mexican. Th Mexican rupture ceme as a result of the oil controversy. . . . Since war broke, police have maintained a special guard not only about the White House but also at the diplomatic entrance of the state department. By DR. GEORGE GALLUP Director, American Institute of Public Opinion Copyright. 1939 PRINCETON, N. J. After a month of war in Europe the nation-wide surveys of the American Institute of Public Opinion reflect a definite upturn in sentiment for a Roosevelt third-term paralleling the increase in the number approving the president's present administration which was reported a week ago. Not only is third-term sentiment higher today than before war began, but it is higher than it has been in any month since President Roosevelt resumed office in 1936, the survey shows. Polling a cross-section of men and women in every state, so selected as to represent as perfectly as possible tne 40,0011,000 who vote m presidential elections, the Institute asked: "If President I Roosevelt runs for a third term will you I vote for him?" Whereas 40 per cent of those interviewed in the Institute s August sur vey said they would vote for a third term. 43 per cent now say they would vote for him. In other words, although a majority of American voters are still opposed to another term for Mr. Roosevelt, the first impact of fighting abroad has apparently shortened the odds against the president if he chooses to run. The trend of opinion over the past five months has been: ML f, ! ,7 I May, 1939 Aurust . . TODAY ., Would Vote Far Third Term 7o Would Not ota For Third Term 67 60 57 With Republicans (i.e. those who voted for Landon in 1936) almost unanimously opposed to a third term, the in crease in Roosevelt's third-term popularity has come from Democrats previously cool to the idea. The survey shows that a good-sized majority of Democrats (66) say they will vote for Mr. Roosevelt again, but an important bloc of 34 per cent say they will not. It is with these voters, obviously, that the fate of Roosevelt's re-election in November, 1940, would rest. Will Opinion Change If War Continues? If the European war continues, will more of these voters join the third-term movement? That is one of the questions which Washington political observers are weighing carefully, in spite of the difficulty of assessing the "ifs." To ret some indication of the probable attitude of American voters on the subject the Institute asked the further question: "If the war is still going on next year, and if Roosevelt runs for a third term, would you vote for him?" WOULD VOTE FOR FDR 52 WOULD VOTE AGAINST 48 Even Some Republicans Might Yote for 3rd Term Although President Roosevelt himself would call such a question an "iffy" one, it gives a new slant on a potential American attitude. Interestingly enough, when the possibility of continued fighting is suggested a small number of Republicans as well as a large majority of Democrats say they would vote for Roosevelt: Would Vote Would Not VoU For Third Term For Third Term If W'r Cnnlinnet If Wir Continues 76 24 10 90 55 45 Democrats . Rf-p'Iirans All Others . . Latest Returns in Neutrality Survey By Institute of Public Opinion PRINCETON, N. J.-First returns in the Institute's t f An?e"cans of all persuasions can follow the ' .... ... . .. trend as the debate continues, the American Institute of new survey on the neutrality act following President Public Opinion is conducting continuous nation-wide Roosevelt's speech to congress show opinion through- surveys among voters in all walks of life. Joined with out the country running 62 per cent in favor of revision, the Institute in making this new fact-finding service In the last reported survey completed before the available are 97 prominent American newspapers of all president's side of the case was put before congress-the shadeAs f Pinion n h? nerallty iss"e- . iw; t j pi, . . .! A full report, giving the vote by sections of the Institute found 57 per cent m favor of changing the act countrVi by Dm0Crats and Republicans, and by income so that England, France and other nations might buy anfj age groups will be published Wednesday in The arms and war supplies here. Times. 3 FDR's Foreign Policies Popular Just a week ago the Institute reported an increase in the popularity of President Roosevelt's present administration. ; From 56.6 per cent in the August political barometer, the president's popularity had jumped to 61 per cent following the outbreak of the war. One reason why the president's strength has increased is doubtless of his foreign policy. The Institute has tound that President Roosevelt's positions on such Issues have br-en far v?tpr than some of his domestic policies. Four years ago, when Roosevelt was espousing his plan to reorganize the supreme court a plan unpopular with a majority of A m e r 1 c a n s the Institute found that the president s support with the voters dropped five points in four months. The president's latest attempts to bring about a peaceful solution in Europe have been overwhelmingly approved, however, and current Institute surveys show a slight majority of voters (62), approving his request for changes in the neutrality act Third Term Sentiment Strong in South VMth lUtl more tr-pn a ycT to go before American voters will have to choose a president, today's survey shows that third-term sentiment is strongest in the south (where it is an outright majority) and in the west and middle Atlantic states. Third-term sentiment is weakest in New England and in the midwest, the figures show: Would Would Not Vote for Vote for 3rd Term Srd Term New England 34 66 Mid. Atlantic 45 55 East Central 32 68 West Central 37 63 South 61 39 Wet 47 53 To test the intensity, with which American voters hold their respective opinions on the Ques tion of a third term the Institute asked voters the additional question: "How strongly do you feel about this question?'' It is inter esting to note that the great ma jority on both sides declare they "feel strongly," with opponents of a third term more emphatic than those who favor one. The intensity scales are fol lows: Strongly for . Mildly for .. 27 Strongly Against 42 Mildly Against.. 15 For Against 1

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