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Tampa Bay Times from St. Petersburg, Florida • 57

Publication:
Tampa Bay Timesi
Location:
St. Petersburg, Florida
Issue Date:
Page:
57
Extracted Article Text (OCR)

i 3 et Classified Advertisements Real Estate News SECTION FOUR ST. PETERSBURG, FLORIDA, SUNDAY, JUNE 22, 1941 TWENTY-FIVE Financial News, Market Tables, Business -The. WORLD This WEEK Germany Fences With 2 Big Neutrals Y7HEN we speak today of new territory in Europe, fundamen rr tally we can think only of Russia and her subjugated border states." grille snm-i, fi; vyr 1'. 1 1 Contractor Complains THE sleek Japanese freighter Azuma Maru pulled into Philadelphia and maritime circles spread reports that she would take on a load of oil. Earlier a petroleum famine on the Atlantic seaboard had been forecast because of a lack of tankers.

Edward Jobbins, official of a company producing fatty acids for defense, heard about the Azuma Maru and dashed off a telegram to Harold Ickes, new Petroleum Coordinator: "I object very strongly to working my head off on defense and now facing the threat of having to close down because oils being exported to Japan Axis power, and our potential enemy." Ickes asked that the ship not be loaded. Next day he suggested to 32 fNOWTtUS ifcC: uniirci Packer in 'They've Rehearsed That ltW17 I CAME IN I. PlHW rL-ri i unr tisst Battenfield in Chicago Times 'Whatcha Know, Before (he shrouded Russo-German "crisis" came to a head, American editorial opinion, as reflected in cartoons, differed. One large group suspected the "crisis" was a feint, the other felt it was real. Science: England's Secret Abroad Britain's Triple Offensive Trucks chalked with names of fond memory Rosie, Irene and Gladys struggled through desert nights with water and rations for Tommie and Aussie, Each night they groaned a little farther through the sandy ruts, for each day Tommy and Aussie hid themselves from the blazing sun a little deeper in enemy territory.

It was an "operation" but just how extensive it was intended to be was a secret. The British protected themselves in advance by allowing "informed quarters" to circulate reports it was more of a quick raid than anything else part of a program of "bleeding" the Axis African forces by quick stabbing forays and withdrawals. The British fought their way to Halfaya Pass, gateway to Salum, and to Bir Wa'er, just south of Ft. Capuzzo. Berlin described the action as a grand-scale "panzer battle" and Wednesday claimed "complete victory" with hundreds of American-made tanks The British acknowledged their advance forces had withdrawn but said they had "accomplished our object" of forcing the enemy "to disclose his strength." Trouble In Syria British-Free French forces met a snag in what started out as a walkover invasion of Syria.

After surrounding Damascus, they admitted Vichy troops had retaken Mardja-youn and Kuneitra in southern Syria. The Vichy French claimed to have pushed the invaders back to the Palestine border in the southern sector. The RAF went in for really big-time bombing of German industrial districts and the French "invasion coast," and the air ministry reported damaging a second battleship by torpedo plane off the coast of Norway. Unexplained Explosions Two weeks ago a mysterious munitions explosion in German-occupied Yugoslavia caused several thousand casualties. A Budapest broadcast reported last weekend that an unexplained explosion of "astonishing catastrophic results in damage" had occurred in German-occupied Bulgaria.

Incidentally Croatia, the new state carved from part of vanquished Yugoslavia, was initiated as a secondary member of the Axis at a ceremony in Venice. In Short Married: Victor Mature, actor, and Martha Stephenson Kemp, widow of orchestra leader Hal Kemp. Kayocd: Boxer Billy Conn, by Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis in the last few seconds of the 13th round, after AP's ringside dopesters had Conn leading on points. Abandoned: Efforts by the Japanese to win from the Dutch East Indies vastly increased supplies of strategic raw materials. The Japanese insisted that the Dutch refusal would make "no change in normal relations." Charged: 69 canning companies, trade organizations and individuals, with conspiring to fix prices for canned peas in violation of antitrust laws, by a Chicago federal grand jury.

The National Association of Retail Grocers retorted that the federal anti-trust division was falsifying food cost. Reversed: America's declining birth rate, when 20,000 more babies were born in the first third of 1941 than for the same period last year. The census bureau statistician could only attribute the rise to the Selective Service Act. He said there were 25 more marriages last year than in the preceding two years. Thus wrote Adolf Hitler 16 years ago in Mein Kampf.

During the week he began moving scores of his crack divisions toward Russia and especially toward her grain-producing "subjugated border state" of Ukrainian S.S.R. In backhand fashion as has often been her custom Russia acknowledged that Germany was moving large bodies of troops to her frontier, but insisted relations with Germany were calm. She also disclosed that the Red Army is putting reservists through maneuvers near the German borders. All these moves, she insisted, were nothing to get excited about. Germany discounted rumors of a break.

But Europe was excited. Germans And Turks Sign When partially-encircled Turkey signed a friendship pact with Germany, Britons promptly interpreted it as a Nazi effort to wean Turkey away from the Soviet They said it was aimed at the isolation and encirclement of Russia. Turkey had a friendship pact with Russia and an unfulfilled mutual assistance treaty with Britain in the event of war in the Mediterranean. Britons acknowledged that the pact contained "possible future dangers" but said -it was "infinitely less dangerous than the Germans Germans interpreted it as meaning that the Turks will stay out of the Reich's battle with the British. They said that both agreed to be nice to each other in their press and radio policies, and to enter into the closest economic cooperation.

Slaps From America 1. Charges Of Inhumane Conduct Despite news that all aboard the torpedoed American freighter Robin Moor had been found, the U. S. announced that its basic charges of Wiedemann Spiegel They Were Told To Pack inhumane conduct for the sinking were unchanged. It was understood these charges were based on the allegations: That the ship was sunk without examination of her papers or cargo which assertedly would have shown that she was bound for African ports not included in any combat zone and that she was carrying no materials of a military character; That the proper precautions as required by international law were not taken by the submarine captain to provide for the passengers' safety.

Owners of the Robin Moor allowed reporters to inspect the ship's manifest. It showed a case of .22 rifles and low-gauge shotgun shells consigned to a sporting goods store, in South Africa. Other articles listed were dresses, autos, steel rails and unidentified chemicals. A German spokesman asserted that "we really can't understand what all the fuss is about." He said that whenever "any ship with contraband sails" for British ports in any war theatre "we'll shoot at it." 2. Freezing Of Assefs The President extended his previous orders freezing assets of European nations to cover assets of all continental Europe, including Germany and Italy.

Even the withdrawal of funds by neutrals will be supervised. Treasury experts estimated that about $2,500,000,000 was affected but that less than a 10th of it was German and Italian. Secretary Mor-genthau recently indicated that Germany and Italy had withdrawn much of their movable assets when he said "the barn is empty now the horse is gone." To ferret out reportedly large sums hidden under "dummy" names by the Axis, however, a special staff will begin sleuthing. Under the order the 660,000 Italians and 360,000 Germans in the U. S.

may not sell or transfer prop- New York Mirror Act' mission, Britain began recruiting American radio technicians and other mechanics needed to service the weapon. 'Sun' Bath For Infections Suspecting that persons suffering from blood infection could be cured if their blood could be exposed to strong ultra-violet rays, a Philadelphia doctor rigged up a special automatic transfusion pump. Blood left the stream on a detour through the pump and a small irradiation chamber and then went back into the body i again. The physician, Dr. George Miley, reported to the American Institute of Homeopathy he had these results: In 31 cases of early and moderately advanced blood infections, 100 recovery; in 25 apparently hopeless cases, 48 recovery.

Army's Chief Army Was desperately in need of trained soldiers. So the Communists hired former Czarist officers. To guard against possible treachery, political commissars went along to watch and to countersign or veto orders of the officers. Later the system was useful during the purges of the army. Stalin himself was one of these commissars at one time.

2. Generals and other officers' ranks replaced the old system of variously-graded commanders. Also, non-commissioned, officers such as corporals and sergeants were created. 4 a -yVi, He Treated Politicians Roughly Berryman in Washington Star erty or make withdrawals from their bank accounts without approval of the Treasury. To "insure compliance," FDR told border patrol and customs men to prevent any Germans including diplomats from leaving the coun- try until the U.

S. can make sure they are taking no money beyond bare traveling expenses. Italy retaliated by stopping American credits in Italy. Three days passed before Germany stirred, and then she said simply that necessary counter measures were being taken. There appeared to be two reasons for this tone.

First, according to some American observers, Adolf Hitler has started pushing Italy out in front to do the blustering and take the risks in this era of touchy relations between America and the Axis. Second, it was questionable whether there were any sizable American assets left in Germany to be grabbed. All foreign assets have been rigidly supervised for years. Little money has been allowed to leave the country. In 1936 an American company received 5,000,000 canaries in lieu of cash for its investments in Germany.

3. Closing Of Consulates The State Department advised a Senate committee that more persons are engaged in espionage and subversive activities in America now than during the World War period. It issued an order: All 24 German consulates were to be closed by July 10 and Germans employed by them to leave United States soil; The German Library of Information in New York, the German railway and tourist agencies and Trans-Ocean News Service were to be closed and Germans connected with them to leave. The order said all these agencies of the German Reich had been engaging in activities of an "improper and unwarranted character." Germany's embassy in Washington was not affected. Two of the more notable consuls who were ordered to leave were Fritz Wiedemann of San Francisco, who was Hitler's captain in the World War, and Baron Edgar von Spiegel of New Orleans.

Germany "protested most sharply" against the order. 4. Curbs On Immigration Sharper controls will be set up over immigration. Visas will be withheld from aliens having close relatives in countries occupied by other nations (such as Germany) because they might be forced to act as agents here to protect their relatives. i iv A Shoemaker in Chicago NeWi 'After The Horse Is Gone qualified workers and asked OPM to deal "effectively" with this "grave" situation.

A new medium bomber built by the Glenn L. Martin Company was described by the company as "about as fast as most of the pursuit planes flying in Europe." It has two 1,850 horsepower aircooled motors and will go into the British service in the next few weeks. The fingerprints of all government employes must be included in the FBI's file. This order by the President was considered unofficially as a move to prevent the entry of subversive elements into the federal service. Quotes Oswald Ryan, Civil Aeronautics Board member: "Every Axis-controlled airline in South America is a challenge to the security of the United Stated and of this hemisphere." Hugh Wilson, former U.

S. ambassador to Germany, in describing training to bring forth potential Nazi leaders: "Especially selected boys lead an incredibly Spartan existence. They are filled with a ruthlessness that is more ominous for the future than the Luftwaffe itself." People Herr Goebbels Censored? The splashy-appearing newspaper Voelkischer Beobachter is owned by Adolf Hitler and is a big source of his private income. Recently small, agile-brained Propaganda Minister Paul Goebbels contributed a speculative piece on the -possibility of invading Britain. He said there were "ways and means" of overwhelming England's defenses and hinted that the isle might be taken within two months.

Abruptly the edition was confiscated. To observers in America the episode meant either that (1) Hitler quashed Goebbel's prediction as being bad for German morale; or (2) the propaganda minister arranged the whole affair to publicize abroad an article designed to throw a fright into Britons. Chief Red Bird, Art Critic A woman professor of art at the University of Oklahoma was awarded $560 for covering a wall of the Watonga, postoffice with a mural depicting an early Cheyenne chieftain, Roman Nose, and his fribe. When the Cheyenne's present chief, Red Bird, came to inspect her effort he was not pleased. "Picture not like Roman Nose," he grunted through interpreters.

"Chief wears feather farther back on head, not tied on with store-bought string. Breech clout too short, look like Navajo." Thereupon he drew up a picket line. The excited postmaster appealed to the mayor, who replied calmly: "They, by their picketing, are not holding up national defense contracts, so I'm for them 100." When the postmaster finally agreed to forward Red Bird's complaints to Washington, Red Bird called off his pickets. On Ailing Congressmen The Congressional physician, Dr. George W.

Calver, believes "overwork and over-strain" are responsible for several absences recently. So he has issued this advice to all Congressmen: "Walk for at least an hour everyday and get in nine holes of golf if possible." Walking, he says, will get them out into the open air, and golfing will make them so mad at the ball that they'll forget about convoys, taxes and other worries. Upcoming" Monday, June 23 National Collegiate Tennis Championship matches begin at Lower Menon Cricket Club, Haverford, Pa. National Collegiate Golf Cham- Eionship matches begin at Ohio tate University. Saturday, June 28 Twenty-seventh anniversary of the assassination of the Austrian Archduke Francis at Sarajevo.

Twenty-second anniversary of the Versailles Treaty. Eleven years ago lat French soldiers withdrew from Rhine-land. York in Louisville Times 'And How About Gasless Weekdays For The Little East coast oil shippers that "no further sales of petroleum pro'ducts for off-shore Shipment be made without prior consideration by this office." Shipping sources in Philadelphia said the ban would effect at least seven more Japanese ships. On Wednesday Ickes said three huge tankers now on routes between California and the East coast would be switched to service from Gulf ports to the East. Thus they could deliver 210,000,000 more gallons annually because of the shorter haul.

'Splits, Purges Red Hunts' It was a week of loud cries for labor peace. Philip Murray, president of the CIO, denounced "scandal mongers" he said were spreading reports of "splits, purges and Red hunts" in the CIO. George M. Harrison, president of the Brotherhood of Railway and Steamship Clerks and a member of the National Labor Mediation Board, called for "unity of purpose between capital and labor." Spokesman for CIO United Automobile Workers at the North American Aviation plant at Inglewood, asked the Defense Mediation Board to resume wage settlement negotiations. Richard Frankensteen, CIO aircraft director, said there would be no "wholesale" investigation "as to Communism" in connection with the five-day strike which President Roosevelt ended with troops.

He said investigation would be confined to leaders. The President, taking an increasing personal part in labor affairs, called on unions to stop "raiding one another." Lumber Strike Settled Mr. Roosevelt's appeal to striking AFL and CIO machinists to go back to work at 11 San Francisco shipyards was spurned. The machinists voted to hold out for a contract with Bethlehem Steel. Later the Defense Mediation Board recommended that Bethlehem (1) sign a closed contract with the AFL's Bay City Metal Trades Council and (2) accept a master stabilization contract signed by all shipbuilding plants except Bethlehem.

Another important strike ended, however, when western Washington lumberjacks and sawmill workers, CIO union members, returned to -1. 1 wuin. aitei live weeivs, uiiuci a compromise wage settlement. Argument Over Aluminum Harold Ickes has often tilted his lance at corporate giants. As Secretary of the Interior, he had a chance to air his views on the huge Aluminum Company of America when he testified before the special Senate committee investigating the threatened shortage of aluminum.

The aluminum company, Ickes charged, was "as perfect a monopoly as was ever devised by man." He said it sought by cunning methods to control all aluminum sources and wanted to prevent the spreading out of production facilities "regardless of the consequences tojhe United States." Next day, I W. Wilson, an Alcoa official, flatly denied Ickes' charges that his company was obstructing defense and said "we are interested in but one thing, that there be sufficient aluminum produced to meet the defense needs of our country." He added that his company was still awaiting OPM's approval of a project to build a plant on the Little Tennessee for producing 100,000,000 pounds of aluminum annually. Later Senator Connally (D-Tex.) suggested that the government con-' struct and operate aluminum plants. "I'm not afraid of socialization of industry," he said, "in any case like this." Radio Vs. Night Bombers To meet the threat of the night bomber, nations have had to rely upon cumbersome detectors with huge mechanical ears.

Britain has now revealed her best-kept secret of the war, a radio-wave locator that "finds the enemy in the darkness, that seeks him out through the clouds." Officials said that by means of electric waves it signals accurately the location and course of planes miles away. They added it already is in actual operation by the hundreds, and indicated it was partly responsible for the slackening by Nazis of night raiding: Credit for the invention went mainly to a chubby Scot, Robert Alexander Watson Watt, who has worked on it six years. With the U. S. government's per Headliner: Red OF THE maze of guesses and reports from Europe to explain the Russo-German crisis, the analysis of a "reliable foreign source" in London was emphasized by newsmen.

He said that Russian generals long wary of Germany's military strength--decided at a meeting two weeks ago that they could hold the country against a German harassed elsewhere. Since then, he said, they urged Joseph Stalin to stop trying to appease Germany. As if to confirm this, diplomats in Finland said they had heard from Moscow that Marshal Semion Timo- shenko, defense commissar, was Urging resistance while Stalin was advocating further concessions to Adolf Hitler. 1 Bald, raw-boned, towering Timoshenko looks more like a peasant from the steppes than the leader of the world's largest armed force. He is a Russian general first and a Communist politician afterward.

Because of his popularity with the masses, the Kremlin listens carefully to his views. Eighteen months, ago he was unknown to Timoshenko: the outside world and to many Russians. When the highly-publicized Red Army bogged down in a Finnish snowdrift in the Winter of 1940 the marshal was called in to extricate it. He was given much of the credit for the campaign that finally smashed the Mannerheim Line. For doing that he apparently was able to name his own fee.

At any rate, Stalin persuaded his long-time friend, Defense Commissar Kliment Voroshiloff, to take a back seat as chairman of the Defense Committee in order for Timoshenko to become the Red Army's active chief. With Stalin's permission, Timoshenko shook the army by its heels, pummeled it and whipped it into new form. Originally it had been shaped by Bolshevik ideas and necessities. When he finished many pet ideas of the Communists had disappeared and the army was organized more like other European outfits. Sonic of his reforms: 1.

He reduced the political commissars to assistants. During the Red Revolution of 1917 the Red Dollars Per Share I IT929 30 Av. 1 00 (AP Average (AP Industrial Of 60 Stocks) Activity lndex America Arms '3. Discipline was tightened, with more emphasis on guard-house punishment. 4.

The military salute was introduced and decorations were awarded for merit. For himself and the other marshals, Timoshenko created a special star of gold and platinum encrusted with large diamonds. (See drawing.) 'Not He Conceded He was born a peasant 46 years ago in Bessarabia then part of old Russia and worked in the fields as a subject of the Czar. He was mobilized to serve with the Czar's army in the World War. Come the revolution, his cavalry division was one of the first to go over to the Bolsheviks.

Because of the dearth of trained officers, he rose rapidly in the Red Army. In passing judgment on his revamped army after war games last Summer, he said with candor that "the coordination between infantry, artillery, tanks and aviation was not bad." (All Tlighlt Iteicrvcd, AP Feature Service) JUNE JUNE 1940 1941 Concerning the hiring policies of certain defense industries, President Roosevelt said: "Complaints have repeatedly been brought to my attention that available and much-needed workers are being barred from defense production solely because of race, religion or national origin. It is said that fully qualified workers are being turned from the gates of industry on specifications entirely unrelated to efficiency and productivity. Also that discrimination against Negro workers has been nation-wide He said companies must take the initiative in hiring all loyal and The stock market has failed to rise despite the tremendous increase in business activity during the past year. Financial experts lay this lag-gardness to such factors as the investors'- lack of confidence (1) in the outcome of the war, and (2) in the permanence of war profits..

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