The Courier News from ,  on January 26, 1956 · Page 1
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The Courier News from , · Page 1

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Thursday, January 26, 1956
Page 1
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS YOL. LI—NO. 287 Jlytheville Courier Blythaville Daily New« Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AMD SOUTHEAST MISSOURI BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, JANUARY 26, 1956 SIXTEEN PAGES Pwbllshed 6ai)y Except Sunday SINGLE COPT FIVE CENTS New Kremlin Peace Drive Believed On By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON (AP) — Russian bosses Nikolai Bulganin and Nikita S. Khrushchev appear to be launching a new peace offensive designed to revive the "spirit of Geneva" and regain a measure of Western good will. The timing of their moves suggests too that they want-te-effset- in advance any criticism of their * * * Vast Expansion Noted in Kremlin DiplomaticAction Increase in Offers Of Economic Aid Said to Be Outlook By TOM WHITNEY NEW YORK Wi— The Kremlin is in the midst of a broad expansion of its diplomatic activities. Here are a few of the recent developments: New heads of mission have been appointed by the Soviet government in 12 countries since Nov. 1. The Soviet government quickly recognized the independence of the Sudan and offered diplomatic relations to establish with it. A Soviet delegation sent to Liberia concluded an agreement to establish diplomatic relations and exchange ambassadors. To Latin America Russia suggested economic aid Was available for Latin America One of the highest Soviet diplomats, Valerian Zorin, arrived in West Germany to head a large diplomatic mission there. Nikolai Generalov was sent to head the first Soviet mission Libya. These developments coincided - with economic negotiations for sale of industrial equipment to India, the laJ-ge Soviet loan to Afghanistan, the proposal of an oil refinery 'to Syria, and the last-minute compromise solution of the new member deadlock in the United Nations. New heads of Soviet missions were appointed for Egypt, Syria, Lebanon and • Pakistan—four Afcb nations where the Soviet Union has diplomatic representation. With the overtures to the Sudan and Libya, this underlines again the intense interest in the Middle East, New Moves Apparently new moves are or. foot and the Kremlin wants to have new men on the spot with full comprehension of the Soviet line in this area. This seems to be the outlook: There will be an increase 1 in of- recent behavior which Elacnhowor President -h pri- Minister Eden may make aftei talks here next week. Two developments may signal renewed Soviet emphasis on peace: 1. Premier Bulganln's letter to Elsenhower, delivered with full diplomatic ceremony yesterday. While the contents have not been officially disclosed, the letter was described by the White House as friendly in tone and. containing "certain ideas" for Eisenhower to "study further in the interest of promoting world peace." Strive For Peace 2. A three-hour interview which Communist party boss Khrushchev gave in Moscow to Marshall Macduffie, .a New York attorney who is a long-time acquaintance. Mac- duf fie quoted Khrushchev as saying he thinks American leaders In- eluding Eisenhower basically strive for peace and do not want war. Khrushchev also said Soviet leaders believe there should be further relaxation of international tensions, according to MacDuffie He described all Khrushchev's references to Eisenhower as "very friendly." MacDuffie. now representing the International Trade Shows of New York, was chief of the United Nations Belief and Rehabilitation Administration in the Soviet Ukraine just after World War n. He first met Khrushchev then, and saw him again on trips to Russia in 1953 and 1954. Eden and Faure He told newsmen in that Khrushchev Moscow bracketed Sir DEEP DITCH '— Some 300 feet west of Moultrie Drive and North Highway 61, the North Sewer district project is underway. Above, a 12-foot ditch will hold a 12-inch collecting pipe. Where ditch ends in foreground, it will turn South for 100 yards to a pumping station. There, sewerage will be lifted to the main line to flow to the treatment plant. Work was delayed earlier this week because of weather conditions. (Courier News Photo) fers to of economic aid and trade number of countries. Political propaganda through all channels will be intensified The Soviet government will make numerous efforts to establish or renew diplomatic relations with additional countries—for example, Australia. In the United Nations the Soviet representatives likely will make strong efforts to influence the new nations admitted in December. All this adds up to a comprehensive Kremlin offensive. $50,000 Damage Suit Is Heard A $50,000 suit for personal injuries received in a car-train accident was being heard in Circuit. Court today. On Aug. 3, 1954, J. H. Seeman of Blytheville, was a passenger in a car driven by C. N. Smith, of Smith Lumber Co., near Stuttgart. Enroute from Roe to Stuttgart, the car approached a railroad crossing and collided with a Rock Island the railroad. Seeman suffered extensive injuries, it was alleged, and has asked »50,000 from Smith, his partners, and the railroad. Attorneys said the case may continue through tomorow. Johnson Murder Trial Postponed CARUTHERSVILLE—O. Z. Johnson's .second degree murder .trial was postponed from yesterday to Feb. 8 in Pemiscot County Circuit Court. The Haytl Negro's attorneys asked for and received additional time to prepare their case. Graham Ends Visit MADRAS, India (IP) — American evangelist Billy Graham has wound up his Madras visit after (peaking to more than 100,000 Indians, in a Jour-day series of meetings. His largest audience, more than 60,000 persons, turned out for hia final sermon last night. He speaks next at KotUyam, on the southwest tip of the Indian mibconUrrtnt, Friday and Saturday and H expected to meet Prime Minister Nehru Feb. 4 In New Delhi. Anthony Eden and French Premier Edgar Faure among the Western leaders who in the opinion of Soviet officials do not want war.. * * Eden is now en route to this country on the liner Queen Elizabeth; A dispatch from the ship said his party showed no surprise at the Bulganin letter to Eisenhower. Washington sources familiar with the letter Indicated it made a broad approach to the problem of U.S. -Soviet relations and was not, as officials had thought likely in advance of its delivery, devoted primarily to disarmament. One informant described it as "going beyond disarmament." The letter and the Khrushchev interview mark a new turn in what Eisenhower and Secretary of State Dulles regard as a zig-zag Soviet course — sometimes tough, sometimes peaceful— since early last year. The peaceful policy reached its zenith at the summit conference in Geneva in July, but the trend of Communist bloc policy since the summit talks has been increasingly belligerent. In the past the Soviets have shown considerable flexibility in taking actions designed .to cover with minor concessions and much propaganda other actions which directly challenged the Wester^ world. That apparently is the basic strategy now involved. Pemiscot Voters Okay Bond Issue CARUTHERSVILLE — Pemiscot County voters joined other Missourians in approving a $75 million dollar bond issue by a vote of 16450 Tuesday, County Clerk Harold S. Jones announced yesterday. In Caruthcrsville, 200 persons vp.t- ed in favor of the issue and two opposed it. Associated Press reported the measure was approved over the state by a 3 to 1 margin. The bond issue is for improvements in penal and educational institutions and hospitals for the mentally ill. Air Force Works On Obtaining New Highway to Base State .construction of a four-lane access road to Blytheville Air Force Base was held "not favorable" yesterday bill the Air Force has advised that "all .planning and negotiations'' for one "have been ac'cotttjfiished." -.' ' . "' ' Which means that a road to- the would be widened from two to four base may be constructed in the future by the federal government instead of by the state. Yesterday, a contingent of eight Blytheville Chamber of Commerce officials drove to Little Rock to present an access road plan to the State Highway Commission. Present road, under the proposal, Salk Receives Congressional Gold Medal WASHINGTON (/PI — Dr. Jonas E. Salk today received a congressional gold medal for "his great achievement in the field of Medicine" in developing the polio vaccine which bears his name. Secretary of Welfare Folsom presented tne medal to the University of Pittsburgh scientist at the request of President. Eisenhower. Government officials, members of Congress and officials of organizations interested in the Salk vaccine program were invited to the ceremony at the Department of Health, Education and Welfare. Folsom told Salk his "successful research is a great landmark in the war against polio." The secretary read a letter from President Eisenhower to Salk saying that "through dedicated and selfless effort, in the best traditions of medical research, you have brought new hope to mankind in the continuing battle against a dread disease." "I am confident that the entire nation joins me in lasting gratitude and appreciation, anc 1 in best wishes for many years of continued service," the President added. lanes from the base to just east'of the bridge over Pemiscot Bayou. There, two lanes would continue, as at present, into town via Chickasawba. The other two would run east to Moultrie Drive, emptying and collecting northside traffic. Not Favorable According to Jada McGuire, Chamber secretary-manager, the commission's acceptance of the plan was "not favorable." He said members advised the Blytheville men the highway department is taking no new roads into the system at the present. The two lanes running into Moultrie Drive would be a new road, they said. AF Wire Earlier Chamber President S. E. Tune received a wire from the Commanding General, 9th Air Force, at Shaw AFB. S. C. It advised that "all planning and negotiations for Blytheville access roads have been accomplished by the Bureau oi Public Roads and the Corps of'Engineers, Little Rock Disrict." It recommended that the Chamber contact the office in Little Rock for further information. McGuire said he contacted Burns Wright of the Corps. Wright had no further information, McGuire said. Girl Scouts Get $177 for 'Dimes 7 Blytheville's Girl Scouts collected sm.51 for the March of Dimes Saturday in theii on-street, .Blue Crutch sale, City March of Dimes Chairman Joe Ewing said today. Representatives of intermediates and Senior Scouts were participants in the campaign. Under the direction of Mrs. Coady Eaton, the group solicited in various Blytheville places of business. Estes Labels Brink Talk As 'Polities' Says Effect Was to Scare U.S.Allies GREEN BAY, Wis. (AP) — Sen. Estes Kefauver (D-Tenn) last night described as "politics or simple boasting" the "brink of war" statements attributed to Secretary of State Dulles. Kefauver, campaigning for the Democratic presidential nomina- ;ion, declared the effect of Dulles' . statements had been to 'frighten our allies and cause the people of the United States deep concern." "It sihigh time the State Department and the Pentagon be aken out of politics and left out," he said. "It is high time this na..ion began using the weapons of leace and good will and truthfulness in its conduct of foreign affairs." Only CandtdaU Kefauver. only candidate en- ured in Wisconsin's April 3 Dem- orcatic presidential primary, spoke to about 200 persons at a banquet sponsored by the 8th District Kefauver for President Club. He planned to wind up his three- day Wisconsin tour today with stops at Fond Du Lac and Madison. The "brink of war" statements t which he referred were contained in a Life magazine article for which Dulles has been criticized by many Democrats and by segments of the British press. Three Times The article attributed to Dulles a claim that this nation was carried three times to the brink of war in Asia, and that strong action by the Eisenhower administration kept it at peace. Dulles' critics have said it implied the United States was prepared to wage atomic war. "What should concern us," Kefauver .said, "is the revelation thai the President reached the decision to employ, atomic weapons three .times without advising the Congress, without telling our al lies, without giving the people o the United States an inkling o what they are thereby being conf milled to." Ike Asks Congress To Vote $126,525,000 For Health Research nade notable advances in the un- mding struggle against disease ind disability. Human suffering las been relieved, the span of nan's years has been extended. But in the light of the human and conomic toll still taken by disease n the light of the great opportun- ;ies open before us, the nation still las not summoned the resources ;, properly and usefully could summon to the cause of better health." No Insurance Request Eisenhower did not renew his re- luest oi' last year for federal re- nsurance of health insurance—a roposal which ran into opposition rom the American Medical Assn. m grounds it might be an opening A-edge to socialized medicine, and got nowhere in Congress. Instead, Eisenhower said the administration is considering legisla- ion to permit ' pooling of ksirs n*vate companies. He said this might offer "broader On Airport: 'Unfavorable 7 That's look's Report from CAA Based on preliminary information, Blytheville's prospect of obtaining federal aid in the construction of a municipal airport is "not favorable." Such was the report received from U.S. Rep. E. C. (Took i Gathings yesterday by .Mayor Toler Buchanan. Buchanan had written Gathings asking his aid after the Civil Aeronautic Authority had advised the airport. CAA approval was denied, Buchanan theorized, because the city had deeded its right to Blytheville Air Force Base to the Air Force. Thi mayor then asked Gathings for support. Gathings said he has discussed the situation with CAA officials and has asked for a full report. He said, however, "Preliminary infornmtiov is not favorable and I will continue to work in this matter." Korean POWs Going to Brazil NEW DELHI I.H — Sixty-two Koreans leave soon for new homes in Brazil after more than two years in India. They' are War prisoners who elected to return neither to South Korea nor North Korea at the enc of the conflict there. India gave a haven and later Brazil offered a home to these men without a country. Twenty ex-pris oners will remain in India. Some have asked permission to stay permanently, while the remainder seek admission to Argentina or Mexico. Mrs. Freeman Robinson: 1955 Woman of Year Mrs. Freeman Robinson, who headed such civic projects as the United Council of Church Women and directed its program of ministry to migrant workers, was named Blytheville's tenth Woman of the Year today. Announcement came from Beta Sigma Phi chapters of Blytheville, annual sponsors of the event. Mrs. Robinson will be honored by the Beta Sigma* at a banquet on Tuesday night at Hotel Noble at 7:30. A mother of two daughters—ages 10 and 6—Mrs. Robinson also holds down a part-time job aJi nutritionist (or Mississippi County Health Unit. This, together with her duties aa housewife and a tremendous list of civic and church duties, makes her one of the busiest women of just about any year. , One of her top Jobs Is In the work six ha« don* directing th« ministry religious and educational instruction for the Mexicans which arrive each year for cotton picking. The overall program is sponsored by the United Council of Church Women, of which Mrs. Robinson was president in 1955. Her scope of activities spans sucn organizations as the church (First Christian), PTA, Girl Scouts, PEG, Junior Auxiliary and such causes as cancer, heart, polio. Red Cross, Y, even to lending n hand to the Ministerial Alliance on sponsorship of E. Stanley Jones' appearance here. ' To summarize briefly, in the church she Is a teacher In the kindergarten department; member of executive board; chairman of community service; well-child clinic chairman and vacation Bible School teacher. She was Central PTA secretary Mrs. Robiniwn to migrant work. This Is the activity which provides recreation ana (and is now vice president), works in the Girl Scouts and for the past four years hns been chairman of case work for the Junior Auxiliary. She wns a committee member on the JA'» hearing toting program, milk program and Story Hour for children. In Chapter N of PEG, she was yearbook committee chairman anc she worked In connection with .the Y committee for Bible-centered project*. She also is a member of the Ar- insas Youth. Selection was made by a committee of Blytheville business and professional people. Benson on 'Live 7 TV Tonight NEW YORK HI — Secretary d: Agriculture Ezra Taft Benson wll appear "live" tonight on CBS tele vision's See It Now documentarj entitled "The Farm Problem: A Crisis of Abundance." Benson will be televised from Johnstown, Pa., where he will be seen watching the program with Edward R. Murrow. The show, mostly on film, goe oa between 10 and 11 p.m., EST. By MARVIN L. ARROW-SMITH WASHINGTO N (AP) — President Eisenhower asked Congress today to vote $126,525,000 lui bask TMearch to penetrate the "dark mystery" of cancer and to combat other leading killers. The request was made in a five- joint program in a special mes- acv3 calling for "a renewed and einvigorat attack on our health iroblems." benefits and expanded coverage on reasonable terms in fields of special needs." "But," he added, "if practical and useful methods cannot be de- Eisenhower told the lawmakers: i veloped along these lines, then I 'The nation in recent years has! will again urge the enactment of the proposal made last year." Five General Areas Eisenhower called for action in five general areas, providing for: :. A 28 per cent increase in federal funds for basic medical research to a total of $126,525.000. 2. A new program of grants—250 million dollars over the next five years—ior construction of medical research and training facilities. This money would go to state, local and private institutions .with a provision that they must supply "at least equal amounts in matching funds." 3. Further steps to meet health personnel shortages. No specific amount was recommended here, but Eisenhower said the number of physicians being graduated from medical keeping pace in population, and that the number of dentists and nurses is diminishing relative to population. school is barely with the increase 4. Action to strengthen certain other basic health services throughout the nation. Medical Care His fifth point was that of meeting costs of medical care and embraced his plan possibly to submit later legislation for pooling of insurance risks. Under this item, the President also recommended that Congress authorize a separate program through which the federal government would match funds expended by the states and localities for medical care for the indigent aged, the blind, the permanently and totally disabled,' and dependent children. In noting progress already mada in the medical research field, Eisenhower singled out "the widespread use of the Salk poliomyelitis vaccine within the past year alone." He said it "has proved highly effective in reducing the threat oi paralytic poliomyelitis to many of our children." Expires Feb. 15 Eisenhower noted that a current program providing federal funds to assist the states in providing See IKE on Page 9 When Ike, Eden Confer: Differences in Mid-East Policies Will Cloud Talks stantial source of sterling area wealth. "There is just as much emotion on the British side as there is among Arabs—maybe more." one American businessman commented. "They have pulled out of India, out of Egypt and the Sudan, _ost exclusive oil rights in Iran and are having trouble in Cyprus. There is real feeling among British old-timers out here that the Persian Gulf is the empire's last stand." One hears comments from Brit- ains something like this: If you Americans had not backed the Egyptians In getting Britain to evacuate troops from the Suez Canal zone, Nasser (the Egyptian Premier) would "not have dared to get his Soviet arms. There would not be a Palestine crisis now." Fourth Atomic Sub Started PORTSMOUTH. N. H. IV — The Navy hns Inid the keel for its fourih atomic-powered submarine — the first to be built at a imval shipyard. It Is the USS. Ssvordflsh, named In honor of n submarine lost In the Pacific, in World War II after sinking 21 enemy ships and damaging eight, The SWordflsh Is expected to be completed some time in 1059. It will be 257 feet lonpt nnd carry a crew of eight officers and 15 enlisted men. Knowland Against Marshall Plan' Aid WASHINGTON (AP) —• Sen. Knowland (R-Calif) said today he will keep an "open mind" on specific long-range foreign aid projects President Eisenhower may propose but will By ROBERT -HEWETT JIDDA Saudi Arabia (AP) — Britain's -hardening policy' in the Middle-East — and American opposition to it — will cloud the Eisenhower-Eden talks in Washington. Settlement of the Arab-Israeli strike is the main problem. British and American diplomats agree the Palestine dispute must be solved soon to stop a drift toward communism. But there Is a growing policy 1r- ~~ " ~~~ conflict over just how to win Arab friends and maintain Western in- 'luence in this area holding half .he world's oil reserves. Developments in recent months show Britain is adopting tougher .actics to retain her control over most of the Persian Gulf. British-led troops placed a friend,y sheikh and sultan in control of -solated Buralmi and Oman with desert raids reminiscent of the old days of imperial rule. The action sd infuriated the Saudi Arabs that King Saud refused to accept the credentials of a new British ambassador, Ronald Parks. Policy Backfired ritish policy backfired into bloody riots when Britain tried to pressure the kingdom of Jrodan nto the northern tier Baghdad pact. U. S. diplomats in Arab capitals assert Britain is building up antiWestern hate at a time when communism is making big gains through Russia's support of the Arabs against Israel. Many American diplomats and businessmen in the Middle East nre convinced Britain is harming the West's long-range aims by attempting to stem the rising tide cold system of controlling local rulers. The British resent American criticism. The Persian Gulf area,, together with British interests in Iraqi-Iranian oil fields, is a sub- fight any blanket commitment. Knowland, the Senate Republican leader, thus left open the possibility of a compromise on the administration request for authority to Young Gunman Kills Detective In Chicago CHICAGO i/P>—While a jazz band blared loudly in a cocktail lounge last night, a nervous young gunman fired six shots at two narcotics detail detectives who were questioning him, killing one and wounding the other. Scores of people in the lounge in a Northwest Side hotel apparently did not hear the shots. The youth fled unmolested. He was one of several persons who had beeji questioned by the detectives, Lyons Kclleher, 53, and William A. Derrig, 38. They had gone to the lounge to make a routine check of reports that narcotics addicts frequented the place. Kelleher, a veteran of 22 years on the force, was shot four times in the chest. He was dead on arrival at a nearby hospital. Derrig was shot in the right hand and left foot and was not in serious condition. Derrig and witnesses said the gunman, a Negro, about 19, suddenly drew a gun -as the detectives started talking to him. He fired twice at Derrig and then blasted four times at Kelleher, who had drawn his gun when the youth fired at his partner. Pine Bluff And El Dorado Get Fire Awards . BOSTON (/PI — Pine Bluff and El Dorado today were named the Arkansas leaders in fire prevention programs in 1955. The National Fire Protection Association, an international nonprofit organization devoted to improving the safety of life and property, awarded Pine Bluff first place among Arkansas cities. El Dorado was second. Philadelphia and the Canadian community of Kentvllle, Nova Sco- tin, were nnnoimcpd aa the loaders in North America in 1055. make long-term commitments for development projects abroad. Chairman George (D-Ga) of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee said it is. his understanding the administration may modify its request. But he sad he didn't know what form this action will take, George and Knowland have insisted that Congress must pass each year on over-all foreign aid policy as well as on the amount of money to be spent. Pledge Necessary Eisenhower told a news conference yesterday there are certain projects in which "you have to give some pledge of going on to the end" if they are started. He said he is going to stick by his request for some long-range authority as long as there is a chance of its approval by Congress. Knowland made it clear he Is opposed to any new "Marshall Plan" commitment on ecomomic aid, "With the budget just getting in balance we cannot get committed on a long-term economic aid program when we don't know what the demands will be on us," he said. But he might be willing to make exceptions on specific projects, he said. Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS: Mostly cloudy this afternoon .tonight and Friday, showers and thundershowers and warmer tonight and Friday. High thie afternoon, mid to high 40s; low tonight, mid to high 30s. MISSOURI: Cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Friday with rain and snow extreme south and snow elsewhere this afternoon and tonight and diminishing snow cast Friday; warmer extreme south this afternoon and extreme north tonight; colder south Friday; low tonight 20-25 north near 30 extreme south; high Friday generally In 2to. Minimum this morning—30. Maximum yesterday—27. Sunrise tomorrow—7:02. Sunset toddy—5:24. Menu temperature—31.3. Precipitation 24 noun 7 »m » ' n.m.l—nonf. ProclpltiUlon Jiui. 1 to date—•*•• T!,l. Date l,«it Tor Maximum yesterday—30. Minimum this morning—20. FrtclplMUon J»n. 1

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