The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on September 24, 1954 · Page 11
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 11

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, September 24, 1954
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Page 11
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FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 24, 1954 BLYTHEVULE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE ELEVEN "I •a REVIEW-"FORECAST 1954 Cotton Picking Is Going Ahead Rapidly Cotton harvest was punctuated, but scarcely slowed a bit, by a 1.38 inch rain which fell Monday night. It was the largest rain since Aug. 19 when 1.83 inches fell and marked the second rainfall of September, which has been an ideal picking month. The 1.38 inches of moisture of Tuesday disappeared as if by magic, so dry,is this area which is still undergoing its third real drouth year in a row. Some farmers said they wouldn't have believed it had rained nearly that much had it not been for the reading released by official weather Observer R. E. Blaylock. Pickers Return Many pickers were back in the fields by noon on Tuesday and Wednesday found picking back in full swing in the Blytheville area. However, farther north in Southeast Missouri, came reports of over three inches of rain. Advent of thousands or Mexicans to Mississippi County has had a stabilizing influence on the price of picking. Near Blytheville, the going price has settled to around $3.50 to $4.00, and showed no signs of advancing. Labor in the Blytheville area was not too hard to come by, although areas of Southeast Missouri found some farmers having trouble locating pickers in sufficient quantity. All told,- it looked as if the labor supply for the area was just barely adequate, and in spots^not that. Rain May Hurt Color Cotton men expect the rain to 1 cause some slight decline in the prices they've been paying in this area. Some look for a slight lowering in color and perhaps an increase in leaf trash. As in the other two recent drouth years, some farmers now are beginning to suspect their small cotton may yield more than they first anticipated. Conditions Differ Crop conditions, however, stil (differ from field to field,' which has been a characteristic of the 1954 cotton crop from the time replanting first began in April and May. Thus, other farmers are found who say they thought their cotton promised more in August.than -it is delivering now. Low-Yield Seen County Agent Keith Bilbrey is quick to point out that the fast- maturing crop looks to "him as if it Will come out with one of the lowest yields in the history of this area. He points out, too, that Winter, 1955, may be severe for any farm laborer who doesn't know how to take care of early fall earnings. "This is going to be a short fall if it keeps up the pace it has set so far," Mr. Bilbrey stated, indi- cating that picking- may not last long. ''We may harvest our 1954 cotton crop in record time." ONE-ROW SPINDLE-TYPE COTTON PICKER Let toe ABfe-Ohalmecs One-Row Cotton Picker eome to the rescue. It's designed for quick mount- inff on the tegular CA, WD and WD-45 1 arm tractors. Equipped with long, grooved, spindles, this machine gets a high percentage of open bolls . . . with leas staining of lint and less trash ia the cotton. As cotton • picked, it's elevated and blown into a ckwed wire-mesh basket Unload instantly with hydraulic power. Let BS show you how you can get your cotton picked ... at lower cost! Pricecf Right for Bank Financing MUUS CHflLMERS ] V S4lfS AND StRYICS i BYRUM IMPLEMENT CO. 118 East Main Phone 3-4404 Something to Think About By GERTRUDE 8. HOLEV1AN County Home Demonstration Agent Community Booths I hope you get to visit the educational community booths at the fair. They are in the large building at the left of the grandstand. There are sixteen booths this year which is more than usual. The four top winners are: 1. Lost Cane, "A Person Dressed Right Is A Pleasant Sight." 2. Number 9, "Be Prepared With Home-made Mixes." 3. Gosnell, "Cake Failure? Try Accurate Measurements." 4. Dogwood, "Closets". Other entries were: Greene county — two. South Mississippi -~ six, Monette, Lone Oak, Fair- vtew and Yarbro. my clubs that had booths. Miss Barlow, District Home Demonstration Agent, said she thought they were all A quality, booths. Open Competition The Woman's Building is attractive and we invite every one to visit it. Please come by before 10:00 p.m. as the building is closed at that time. Tips On Clothing For the home sewer, fall always comes early. All through the summer months, fall is "just around the corner" for the homemaker who is eager and ready with needle and thread. Weather And Crop Bulletin (Compiled by cooperative efforts of USDA, Extension Service, Department of ' Commerce and University of Arkansas College of Agriculture.) The mean temperature for the past week, as determined from the records of 17 stations, was 83 degrees which is 10 degrees above normal. Weekly means rangec from 85 degrees at Dardanelle and Stuttgart to 80 degrees at Fayetteville. -" .. Extremes ranged from 105 degrees at Arkadelphia on the afternoon of the. 15th to 54 degrees at Batesville on the morning of the 15th. The average rainfall for 17 stations was 0.67 inch. At the regular reporting stations weekly totals ranged from 1.54 at Helena to traces at Fort Smith and Ozark. Some, of the occasional reporting stations had heavy rain reported the morning of the 21st, among them Berryville — 1.70 inches; Huntsville, 1.68 inches; Devils Knob, 1.33 inches; Pocahontas, 1.17 inches; Beaver, 1.08 inches; Eureka Springs. 1.07 inches: Buffalo Tower and Marshall, 1.02 inches; Alicia, 0.97 inch: Bentonville, Mountain View, and Melbourne, 0;71 inch. Drought conditions worsened during the week as only a few areas received light, scattered showers. Harvest of cotton and rice continued at a rapid rate and Combine Care Pays Bean Dividends In order to do an efficient job of saving grain and producing a high quality product in combining, the combine must be properly adjusted and operated, says C. E. Stevens, extension agricultural engineer at the University of Missouri. the stage for her own fashion show, and this fall she has plenty of new materials to work with. take a look at the vast of new fabrics and trim- Just choice mings. Homemakers will find a wide The paisley prints will i all kinds of fabrics. ;ollection of cotton-fabrics ranging rom a smooth wool like texture' to a tweedy effects. There are lots of novelty cottons with very definite Egyptian motifs and influence. Interesting, bold colored prints will also be an eye-catcher. appear Jersey again will be a widely used fabric for blouses and dresses. The newest thing in jersey is the fashionable tweedy effects. Taking its place along with other fabrics will be novelty pleatings for making skirts. Many beautiful colors in light weight woolens are available for making suits and dresses. Fall woolens include a variety of colorful novelties such as boucle and rubbed types, jacquard deep pile, .hairy or velvety coatings, prints, and float designs. If you carefully plan your fall wardrobe everything you make and wear will give you a boost. It's Time To Prune large shade trees. Never top or butcher them. • Water and fertilize old lawns. Sow seeds of hardy biennials or winter annuals such as Shirley harvested. A considerable acreage of oats was seeded "in the dust". The cattle situation is critical in most counties and heavy market- ings continue. COTTON continues to open rapidly, with 75 per cent of it reported open in some counties and as much as 90 per cent open in a few counties. Rapid progress was made in harvesting the crop as the use of mechanical pickers increased. All areas report lower than usual yields, although fairly good crops are being harvested in parts of some counties. . OAT seeding continued despite very dry soil, although many farmers do not plan to seed until it rains. A few additional fields came up to a stand during the past week. RICE harvest progressed at a very rapid rate throughout the week and about half of the acreage has been harvested in some areas. Yields continue good for the most part but storage facilities are Inadequate to handle the record production. A poor SOYBEAN crop is maturing rapidly and early beans are being harvested. Cooler weather the forepart of the week aided fruiting somewhat but most of the acreage failed to set many pods this year. The outlook for FEED crops declined still further, with little or no fall HAY crop in prospect in many areas, and very little late CORN for grain will be harvested Early CORN is being harvested for grain in many areas, with low yields reported everywhere. SOR- It is important to have the parts of the combine running at the proper speed for the crop involved. Stevens advises operators to follow instruction manuals and to use a revolution counter and a watch to set the no load speed of the engine about 15 to 20 revolutions per minute faster than the desired full load speed. Don't use a tachometer for this as it cannot be read that accurately. Next, adjust the speeds of the straw rack, cylinder, fan and beaters to the speed given'in the instruction manual. Check on It Once in the field it is important to check up on the efficiency of the harvesting and a good way to do this is to find out how much is being left in the field, Stevens ..explains. With soybeans, 5 grains left on the ground per square foot is about one bushel loss an acre. With a combine, a loss of 5 percent or less is fairly efficient. That means that for a 20-bushel bean crop, one bushel will probably be lef-t in the field under the best of conditions. In weedy fields, this loss may run up to 13 percent or higher. In figuring the total loss, count the kernels left on the ground be- aind the combine and subtract from it what had shattered before the combine came through. After doing -Jhis, if the loss appears too high, cheek the efficiency of the four main parts which are the cutter bar, cylinder, straw racks arid cleaning shoe. The cutter bar loss can be determined by checking the kernels on the ground under the combine and Behind the cutter bar. IJrtthreshed aeads of grain leaving the combine in the straw is the cylinder loss. Threshed grain is the rack loss. Face Lifting poppies, hollyhocks, blue flax, and larkspur directly to the area in which they are to grow. Control insects in the fall garden. Plant some radishes and lettuce for fall vegetables. WEST POINT, Va, l» — This ;own's bigger and better garbage :ruck will change the face of ;hings quite a bit. A survey showed it could not get through the alleys until the power company moved 41 poles, the telephone company 39 and property owners some 125 other various obstructions. GHUM for grain prospects are rather poor in most areas; harvest has begun in a few counties. "STRAWBERRY plants continue to die and very few plants are left in many fields. Irrigated fall crop SNAP BEANS will soon start moving to market in Crawford County. Some good GREENS quality TURNIP are being harvested from irrigated fields in Union County. Above normal marketings of CATTLE continue throughout the State as the feed and- water shortage situation becomes more critical. Heavy feeding is necessary in many herds. Cattle have been turned into picked-over cotton fields in a few instances _ and in rice stubble fields in Arkansas County. Although some counties report an increase in the use of mechanical pickers, additional LABOR is needed in • a number of counties I for picking COTTON. Now, John Deere offers you entirely new- freedom from, steering effort and driver fatigue—with factory-engineered power steering for new Modeli "SO," "60," and U 70' 7 Tractors.* It's a great new feature that will make your farm work easier, faster, safer every time you take the wheel, everywhere you use a tractor, Stop in today; let us demonstrate new John Deere Power Steering and you judge its value for yourself. McCormick cotton pickers •Option^ at **tr» coot- COMMAND TRY IT MISSCO IMPLEMENT CO Phont 3-4434 South Highway 61 Settefa JOHN DEERE QUALITY FARM EQUIPMENT toon pay for Many farmew upon their McCotmMi OOMOO pickers slash harvesting coscc one h+tf or move! fctch big Mviogs enable ihei* cotto* pirifMi •» pee* far ri selves in a hurry. These speedy machine* peck deao, too -b«v« eottoo thao many band pkfcecs. Gfowiog pfem and unopened balk atea't injured. Stop in the nans time you're in tawa. Let MS show you how a McCormick cotton picker c*a reduce you* cotton barreettfig ooe« aod your farming mki Service Holds O»r Trade Blytheville Phone 3-6863 How to Do It In checking the efficiency of the cleaning shoe, a sample cannot, always be collected separate from the straw. In this case, collect a sample including the straw and then a sample of straw alone. The difference is the "'cleaning shoe loss. If any parts of the machine appear to have too high losses, attention can be given to its correction, Stevens points out. Of course, in collecting the sample from the combine, the distance the machine has traveled, as well as -the width of cut, must be used to get the total' square feet which the sample represents. This permits the loss in bushels per acre to be der-ermined. . . r After losses in the field are determined, it may be necessary to make additional adjustments. If more threshing action is needed, the first thing to do is to increase the cylinder speed slightly. If still more action is needed, the -ci'linder con- ] cave -clearance may be decreased. Reverse If less threshing action is needed, do these steps in reverse. The reason for this is that decreased clearance causes more cracking of grain and breaking up of straw or weeds than increased speed, so it is the i can be done if this- is the caul*. last thing to be decreased and she j Less threshing action is usually first thing to be increased, Stevens | needed and increasing the clearance 'is the first step—then slowing .the' cylinder. Slower travel or narrower cut can help remedy the trash explains. Weeds in grain fields can cause an increase in moisture in combined grain of as much as 3 percent as problem. Also, the seive may be wftii UK c.fl.nsjnp' nwn tn t.hrw. times i open too much and there may be causing two to three times j °pen loss of grain. Several things to ° - well as as much loss of grain. can be done where there are weeds. With small patches, narrowing the cut or slowing the rate of travel, or both, can help to reduce losses. Too much trash in grain can cause a loss in grain and price. According to Stevens, several things fan blast. One of the things which should be; kept in mind in starting to combine is to take a sample in to grain- buy ers to be checked for moisture be-fore going ahead with the harvesting. This gives an accurate check on moisture content. APPLIANCE REPAIR SERVICE ROY BAKER... our service repairman, invite* you to call on him for aU types of appliance repair .jobs. Whatever the job may be—water pumpc, electric irons, electric stoves, washing machintf—your man i* ROY BAKER. Genera! Hardware and Appliance Co. 109 W. Main Ph. 3-4585 DEFOLIATE Your Cotton The best in Aerial Equipment to handle dust or liquid. We deliver dust . , . Also furnish loading equipment for liquid. Blytheville Ph. 3-8136 MAKI YOUR OWN II1UNKUNG IS $OOD CROP INSURANCE because -it maU* ft po*. •ibb fo yo« to krigete wbea end OM Heed TO» 1H€ A*M SYSTEM give* you many eacKufve patented fee* tared H mtdM faster, taifor, foolproof coupling and tm* ewpfcngi lv«ry valve, coupling wxi flttwg k m«d« of ft* •loy . . . YfT AM SYSTEMS COST NO MORE! far « MM «*taMte Oft « Dealers Wanted! A-M SPRINKLER IRRIGATION SYSTEMS McKINNON'S Irrigation Equipment Co. * Montto, Ark. Phoiw 112 REDUCE LOST COTTON ON THE GROUND TO A MINIMUM WHEN PICKING MECHANICALLY LIQUID DEFOLIANT DOES THE JOB! Under the Existing Dry Weather Conditions/ We Have Found that Liquid Defoliation is Proving More Successful In Obtaining Good Leaf Drop. We have added Special Equipment to Planes to Give you the Finest and Most Complete service in the Application of Liquid Defoliant. To Insure the Best Grades when Cotton is picked Mechanically, DEFOLIATE! It Doesn't Cost-ITPAYSJ Pick cltan white cotton-Not Green Leaves* PLANTERS FLYING SERVICE Office First Natl. Bank Bldg._Phone 3-3721 Airport Phon« 3-3835

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