The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on September 24, 1954 · Page 10
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 10

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, September 24, 1954
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PAGE TEN BLYTHEVnXE (ARK.y COURIER NEWS FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 14, 1954 REVIEW •«- FORECAST Farmers Now Eligible For Social Security On January 1, 1955, a new social security law, passec recently by the 83rd Congress, will bring old : age and survivors insurance protection to most farmers and farm workers, Coy McNabb, extension economist at the University Keep Your Raincoat Handy •Weather maps below give you the U. S. Weather Bureau's outlook for mid-September to mid-October. Note that this is not a specific forecast in the usual sense, but is an ESTIMATE of average rainfall and temperatures for the period. of Missouri, says. * New legislation makes two important changes. that affect farm people, McNabb explains. Farm operators—people farming for themselves—have not been covered by the social security law up 4 to nou but beginning the first of the year all of. them who make as much as $400 profit in .a year will have old- age and Survivors insurance protection. Employees Covered Farm' employees — people doing farm work for others—are already covered-by the law if they work regularly for one farm operator. The new law brings old-age and survivors insurance protection to all farm workers who earn as much as $100 .cash pay in a year from any one farmer whether the work is regular or not. Cotton gin workers will be covered the first of the .year under the aame rules that apply to people who work directly on the land, • In explaining how new legislation works, McNabb says self-employed farmers and workers .contribute to a fund while they are working and, when earnings stop because of death of the worker at any age, or his letirement at the age of 65 or later, payments are made to the worker or his survivors as the case may be. • Most persons who come under social security for,, the first time on January 1 can become insured for the payment of benefits as soon as they have earned social security credits for at lease one and one-halt years and:-not more than 10 years in any case. Since farmers pay their social security tax once a year, .it would really be two years before they could claim, benefits. According to McNabb, the tax amounts to 2 percent of farm workers ;cafih pay. this .amount to be matched by employers. The money is sent to the Internal Revenue Service along with a, list showing the wages and social security account number of each employee. Three Percent For farm operators, the tax amount* to 2 percent of their yearly net earnings. This is paid once a year ac they make a social security report along with an income tax return. Maximum wages or net self- employment income on which the | taJt applies is $4200 in a year. j Any self-employed farm operator who expects to make more than $400 net next year should get a social security card from his local social security office,free of charge unless j he already has one, McNabb says. I The first payment will be due when income tax reports are filed early in 1956. Where farming is done on land belonging to someone else and regular cash wages are not paid, there may be some doubt about being self-employed or a worker, McNabb explains. The answer depends oh che arrangement — the agreement between the renter and the landowner. McNabb gives-some general guides but in case, of doubt, he advises a visit with the nearest Internal Revenue or* social security office. : •-' . .' . • ,.••.. If land is rented or leased for either money rent or any other-kind of rent, and the renter farms it as iis own, then he is self-employed for social .security purposes. He then makes out a social security'report, just as any other self-employed farmer, once a year and pays -social security taxes n net earnings-are $400 or.more for the year.., Self-Empfoyed If farming is done on shares and he agreement is that a share of the crop goes as rent for the land, the share-cropper is ordinarily considered self-employed for social security purposes.;" On the other hand, McNabb says if the share arrangement is that the landowner, or other operator of the farm, pays a share of the crop, or of the proceeds from it, as pay MUCH AIOVE NORMAL ABOVE NORMAL NEAR NORMAL BELOW NORMAL MUCH BELOW NORMAL EXPECTED TEMPERATURES Temperatures durinjf mid-September to mid-October will average below seasonal normals in Great Lake* region, Ohio Valley and Northern Plains. Southwest will have normaJ temperatures. Now, Corn Surplus Seen as Blessing By OVID A. MARTIN WASHINGTON (AP) — A.record corn surplus was regarded today as something of a blessing in the light of an official report that livestock feed crop prospects are the poorest in 18 years. HEA HIAVY [""*] MODERATE LIGHT EXPECTED PRECIPITATION Were it not for big corn reserves about 900 million bushels, most of it stored under government price support programs — farmers would be forced to maxe a sizeable cut in their beef and dairy cattle, hogs and poultry. • No Slackening The prospective small production of feed crops reflects largely ef- :ects of a disastrous drought that has gripped wide areas of the south and southwest since July. The drought shows no signs of abating in time to help this year's crops. Nevertheless, overall crop prospects improved about 1 per cent in August, the Agriculture'Depart- ment said in its September crop forecast. This would make the 1954 crop the sixth largest of record compared with last year's crop which ranked second. Federal crop controls as well as drought, contributed to this indicated decline. August brought, a 149 milion bushel increase in the corn crop estimate, which was placed at 2,973,000,000 bushels. Last year's crop totaled 3,176,000,000 bushels. The nation's needs are estimated at a minimum of 3,100,000,000 bushels. The department said livestock feed prospects were mostly fair to good agross the northern half of the country. But severely reduced feed prospects were reported for most of the south, with the most seriously affected areas lying in Georgia, Alabama, Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Kansas and Missouri. Aid Coming: The report of the drought situation is expected to lead to a broadened federal drought aid pro- Ice cream has grown In popularity until last year the average person bought 15 quarts. Total consumption of ice cream has more than trebled in the past 20 years. gram designed to help distressed farmers obtain supplies of hay and grain to maintain livestock herds. Only soybeans, rice and sugar beet crops were forecast at record levels. Among crops indicated as larger than average were sorghum grain, hay and tobacco, sugar caoe and cranberries. Crops falling below average included corn, wheat, cotton and fruits. , -for work, then the sharecropper is considered an employee. An employer of farm labor is required under the new law to deduct the; J2 percent of wages paid ; for social security. It is important that the report show the name and social ^security number exactly as they appeal- on the card to insure proper creoUt toward benefits^ ' Social security offices are responsible for issuing social security account-number cards, for handling claims for benefits and' for giving information about rights a'nd duties under old-age and survivors insurance, McNabb says. On any of these matters, or for general information or booklets on old-age and survivors insurance, get in touch with your nearest social security office. These -are located in the larger ci- iies and towns of every state and local postmasters can give the address of ones serving their areas. Precipitation dnrint mid-September to mid-October te expected to equal OK exceed normal over most areas of the nation except subnormal amounts over the Southwest On Missco Farms By KEITH B1LBEEY, County Afem $38,400 More Secretary Benson, in recognizing the most severe drought situation in Arkansas, has alloted additional Agricultural conservation money to Arkansas to establish winter cover, pasture, etc. $38,400 additional money has been alloted to Mississippi County farmers within the last two weeks. The Federal cost- share for establishing these new practices is rather generous. Any fanner is eligible for this additional money. Livestock iarmers that need additional winter grazing and pastures should be among the first to apply. This additional assistance is being alloted on a first corne, first served basis. If you delay to apply you may find that even this additional money has been taken up by those who attend to business on time. Parmest west of Big Lake that are accustomed to planting large acreages of rye or rye and vetch can benefit materially by this new allotment. DON'T DELAY TO APPLY. Worth Repeating Maybe a few of you have not you will be free to plant all the rest of your land in soybeans or other 'non-alloted crops, without penalties. - .Minor exceptions are that you cannot increase potatooes or vegetable production over your recent history. " / ; Fall Alfalfa For the third straight year moisture, conditions in the fall are not yet satisf actory for establishing pastures and alfalfa. How late should you seed alfalfa? —Mr. James Jacks, in charge of the Alfalfa Research Station at Osceola; told rae yesterday that if he were a farmer and could not get an alfalfa stand up by October 10 he would wait for spring seeding. Irrigation I still don't have any information on .how much Federal money may be alloted for irrigation loans to Mississippi County farmers. You know what I think! I'll bet there will not be enough money available to help more than' a dozen farmers. If you^ are going to get financial assistance, in establishing an irrigation system I would suggest that you start looking for additional loan possibilities. Incidentally, if you do get an irrigation loan through the Farmers Home Administration you are going to find that the system must be layed out and planned by a quali- ment" for 1955. In simple wordsi fied engineer. That's nothing but heard that Secretary Benson hju withdrawn the "total acreage allot- this means that you will .now have cotton and corn acreage allotments in Mississippi County next year and common sense. It would save many of you money in the long run to use the service of an engineer, even thuogh you pay cash for the sys- Wells And Pumps For Farm Crop Irrigation Equipped to drill any SizeWeH 'You can't irrigate without water." ... Full Diesel OLIVER SUPER 55! Only Oliver builds a full diesd in this low, compact, adjustable tread type and 2-3 plow size! Your fuel savings will go a kmg way m paying for k, even in the first year. On the average, it uoee only 6 gallons of a low-cost fuel to do the same amount of work ae a gasoline tractor burning 10 gallons. Start saving now! Make your next tractor an Oliver diesd Super 55! You'H get all these extra Jfeatures, loo- six forward speeds with a new super low...built-in hydraulic system and 3-point hitch linkage...double-disc brakes... t Tac-HotiiTneter' > ...ban-typef««r that cuts steering effort in half. Also offered is the time-saving mdeptndenHy eontntted PTO. Prove the superiority of this great new Oliver £6 youradf—with a bm work tMit SB* m soon. ARKANSAS WELL COMPANY 111 •. M»ta Farmers Implement Company 900 N. (Mi Mi. M1M 'tern. - " , , Tennessee Results In tests by the Tennessee Dairy Experiment Station and the U. S. Department of agriculture, researchers found returns from pastures that were irrigated averaged about $100 more per acre than similar pastures that were unirrigated. The test compared irrigated orchard grass, alfalfa, and ladino pasture with un- irrigated. Annual applications of fertilizer and rotational grazing practices were the same for both irrigated and unirrigated pastures. The specialists say these experiments leave little doubt that supplemental irrigation for dairy cow pastures can pay. Wyatt Means" Business BUI Wyatt, president of the Mississippi County Farm Bureau, has named a 79 member resolutions committee. The committee is broken ! up in six or eight subcommittees. I Preliminary planning was started | last night when many of the committee went to Marked Tree for a District Conference on problems of this area. IRRIGATION FOR MORE PROFITS Helpful information ia planning supplemental irrigation that should be furnished by your Irrigation Engineer: L Determine the source of water supply, if a deep well, spot the proper location. This is necessary not only for row-irrigation, but an important factor if flumes are to be constructed. 2. A farm survey, which shows the slope, soils, erosion factors, profile characteristics and land use capabilities. J. A map or plat to show elevations, existing turn-rows and roads, the lateral farm drains and main ditches, designate the farm drains that may be converted into flumes to carry water. Designate the points on lateral drains where control structures must be installed to hold water at an elevation determined by surveys and show all other existing features pertinent to drainage or irrigation. With irrigation, adequate drainage becomes of greater importance, water must go in and out. While the irrigation of the entire planned at first, the plans should expansion, insofar as possible. farm may not be provide for future The United States citizen of today eats 55 percent more cheese than did individuals immediately following World War I. I do not sell irrigation equipment. Blytheville, Ark. Office Phone 2-2261 — Residence 3-8667 You'll get more than ever before of the last 10%•••the PROFITABLE 10% with NEW Ixtlvtlv* IN otpottd-ottlort doubU- *h«k« dsaninf prevents grain waste due to straw "bridging" between chaffer and shoe sieve. Positive agitation and controlled air blast save more grain—get it seed clean! N*w 6O hp vfttv*-ta-h*«<l •ngin* gives you steady power for grain-saving threshing, complete separation, and thorough cleaning in toughest conditions. £ngin* is vp. out of the dirt. Instant -responding control* — new power steering,* hydraulic brakes,* variable -speed propulsion drive, hy* draulic platform controls — make it easier than ever to save grain. "S>- sftof," lubrication at noon saves valuable field time. Lot if* show you how a McCormick No. 141, with 10, 12 or 14-foot platform, can help you bin bushels more o/ every grain or grass crop you grow! "Optional at extra »«*. OLDEST DEALERS OF AERO CYANAM1D DEFOLIANT IN NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI. We have the knowhow through our 9 years experience to provide the advice and technical assistance to secure proper defoliation. We solicit dealers inquiries. COMPLETE STOCKS OF LIQUID DEFOLIANTS ALSO AVAILABLE The PAUL D. FOSTER co Phone PO 3-3418 BlythevUle Warehouse Highway 61 North MOST POPULAR COMBINE IN THE FIELD Balanced Separation means a perfect size and capacity relationship exists between all units of the combine for complete control of grain and straw through every step of harvesting. Cutter-bar, feeder, beaters, rasp-bar cylinder, straw walkers and shoe ... all are co-ordinated to give unmatched separation at higher speeds than ever before. All this goes on within the machine, but you'll see the results in more grain ... cleaner grain ... more work done Irrless time. Come in and get acquainted with the Mossey-Homs Se/f* Prope/ferfs. Let ut show you what Balanced Separation means. "The Farmer's Home of Satisfaction" N. Highway 61 Ph. 2-2122 While Stocks are Complete Christmas Lay-Away Plan Gifts Toys *•*/••* in*™ tfuwt *v*r of ft* hw» 10% . . » th« MOMTAiL1 •f»«n toft hi Mi* fUld by !••• efficient combines Delta Implements, Inc "Smict Holdi Our Tradt" IlythtvilU Phan* 3-6163 Tricycles GENERAL HARDWARE AND APPLIANCE CO. TOM A. LITTLE, Jr., 109 W. MAIN Manager PHONE S-45SS

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