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10 THE INDIANAPOLIS NEWS, FRIDAY, AUGUST 15, 1947 Editorials Freedom for India To that end it is seeking 10,000 new "members." Anybody who contributes $1 or more becomes a member and can have a personal feeling of participation in the enterprise. Goodwill not only serves the community; it also serves the other social agencies since fully 75 of the men and women with which it deals directly are referred to it by agencies that are members of the Indianapolis Community Fund. A contribution to Goodwill will mean an investment in social service whose worth has been demonstrated. Goodwill's chief mission is to help others help themselves. i i TO India today crosses the threshold of her promised freedom from two centuries of British rule.
The Hindus and the Moslems, divided in bitterness, go their separate ways in two new countries Hindustan and Pakistan. A number of princely states still are pondering whether to join one or the other of the new democracies or to remain islands of independent absolutism. As the Union Jack comes down over the subcontinent today, thoughtful men will hail the transition as a historical milestone. But they also realize that, important as political freedom and religious amity are to this land which contains a fifth of the world's people, they still are subordinated and governed, as is everything else in India, by the overwhelming fact of population. If the Indians have won their political struggle, they have not even started to solve their human dilemma.
At the very outset, they are confronted with staggering social, economic and human problems. They are a legacy of perplexities which might have been started toward solution by Great Britain, but which were only feebly attacked. Poverty, starvation and disease worse than In devastated Europe stalk this land that war scarcely touched. S. Chandrasekhar, widely recognized in the Western world as an authority on Hindu economics, touches on this point in a new book, "India's Population." "Nearly two thirds of the population are chronically undernourished and disease-ridden," he writes.
"Well over 100,000,000 people suffer annually from malaria alone. Nearly 10,000,000 people die every year, mostly from preventable diseases, diseases of mal-nutition born of poverty. "The basic reason for this appalling condition is the nature of the existing economy which is characterized by an extreme overpressure on agriculture and the lack of industrialization. To preach the gospel, of good food, good health, good living, to the people of India, without first securing for them the means of even a bare subsistence, is as meaningless as advising the starving to eat cake when they cannot afford even bread." The fact that India never emerged from its incredible squalor under the so-called enlightened rule of Great Britain is a terrible indictment of past leadership in the latter country. Now India itself, born to freedom today, may be able to do better alone and unaided than with all the pious precepts and promises of Western civilization.
SPEAKING OF THE WEED NUISANCE Telephone Rates Increases in rates to be charged by the Indiana Bell Telephone Company, as granted by the Indiana Public Service Commission, illustrate again the constant advance in the cost of living and doing business. When the company presented its evidence in behalf of a plea for more income, little opposition developed. Representatives from Columbus and New Albany argued against the proposal and a formal appearance was entered by the corporation counsel of Indianapolis. However, where Indianapolis was concerned, the company's figures on the cost of operation and the necessity for addional revenue were accepted. What the increase means for the system throughout the state is a general advance of about 9.
In money this will amount to $2,484,000. For Indianapolis the smallest advance is 25c a month for private residence telephones and similar raises for different types of residential service. Individual business telephones will cost $13.50 a month instead of $12, which is a larger increase than was permitted for other types of service. No increase was granted for rural business telephones and the matter of additional charges for long distance rates will be determined later. Obviously the Public Service Commission believed the Telephone Company had presented convincing arguments.
The new schedule is subject to revision at any time if it can be shown that the Company is obtaining more than a fair return. While all costs are advancing there is little reason to suspect that the new schedules, to become effective with the next billing, will be challenged LINGO Voice of the People The editor welcomes letters, especially brief expressions on general subjects. The nami and address of the sender must be given, but the name will not be used if the writer requests. Anonymous contributions will not be used. The editor reserves the right to reiect such letters as he considers libelous or not of general interest and to delete from any letter references which he considers extraneous or contrary to good taste.
If the return of unused letters is desired, please send a stamped, addressed envelope. Why? HOOSIER 1 HOMESPUN Back Heme However grand the roads I roam. I'm always glad to get back home. 1 Facetia Such Little Things The younger generation: It is an awakening experience, "hen one grown "sot" in her ways, to assume again the care of little ones. The "why 7 of things must once more be considered; the diet somewhat altered, as the condi.
ments and peppers of jaded appetitej are not suited to the very young; and the rule, "vegetables before sweets'' without an iota of leniency, makes eve a a granny sometimes toe the mark, or the old maxim "practice what you preach" puts a noose around the eldeVs neck The schedule of the day is altered to suit a 7-year-old child's desire to rise at dawn. When we asked the "why" of this, she answftred. "1 like to get ud early. It is so nice and bright and clean', after the black night when you Can't see things." The evening slump into a chaj for uninterrupted reading vanishes till long after its usual hour, as nrayers, drinks, 'are repeated till sleej finally conquers, both the young and their granny. A sour-of-the-mo-merit invitation to stay with us for a Sunday evening nibble ended in embarrassment for the grandnarents.
as the later it got the more numerous the tribe-to-be-fed became. The ice cream and cake and. molded fruit salad were too minutely divided to suit a husky 5-year-old. "Granny. I want a ham sandwich." he said.
When told the larder did not have the makings, he exclaimed, "Well, if you'd only get a pig. you'd have ham. A black pig would be best." The head of the house remarked as our brood departed that it looked as thoush the time had come when we would have to own a freezing outfit, so as to keeo on hand 5 gallons of ice cream and a whole pig for the gratification of the younger generation. M. B.
B. Suburban Garden jj To reachmy city garden I Must pass beneath a sapphire i And cross a field that smells of sweet Red clover crushed heneath my feet. The bees drone golden over weeds That offer b'ossoms for their needs, And crickets scurry busily Beneath tail grass to serve "pink tea." Oh. I ron'd be a lasTard here Witb'n this drowsv little sphere. But I must rush with rake and hoe To help my youn.
green hopefuls erowj Harriett Scott Olinick A Tooic I ee stories in the paner about a frui( resuming from the crossing of the potato and tomato end whether it should be called a tooato or a pomato. Now hr many of you hive even seen the fruit in auestion and where did it grow? hive six snv-11 fruits from a potato vina that look jut lik small tomatoes. Thef grev in a einrter. each being about tM si of a nickel, hut now they are with ering a hit. I cut through one and it was simi1r to a small green inside nd hd t'l'seds.
A man who frew thm ft "rt tSem to us did not Vmv wf)etfcr tM have riDened If I ft on the We hear that this Is a cross between two vines, but dnej the same fruit erow on tomato vinl fpn)'im-? And. too. did anyone evep cr th. h'wni the fruit formed? I ''o won'W whether a notato vine u-jth fruits a''n would have nota. tn.
Who knows anything about th! curiositv? Mary L-kin Took. Anderson Zinnias Mnv of were not anv too wcrj when the L'itatnre adontrj the Z'nnia as tHe Iprfiijn state flowrrj, b-f-k lire in tPIM. The Woom of the poplar tree hd ben the offiri-i flower, hut rirpii ynoorters niu on o'er. Th'e was jv'Mns iv Hnncier about ttvT f'oer and it dn't even nrWin'te in thi eonntrj. But th rinnM piut ha- rc'i'ed th-i it would have to overrome Public oni'v ion and it went to work.
Now we havp innia all over the state, little ones arl bi Zinnias will grow just about there i earth enough to rovr the seeds. our official th 7innia is ri-M on the job and the nreiiMice prevailed when it was selected. L. o. Hofevpn Dayj I lived through the halevon days-4-d-' the world will never itness av-ll.
Then was when gold ued to clrri'-' free'y as currenev and SS. 510 and gold niece we-e freouen'lv seen. no federal income tax then and rn sla'te gros income t'x. The nrice of commodities wss low and within tp resc'i of vrtua1lv Vcetah'e so'fl th pjn. mrrt nd p-Vt and not ly and r.r,,inrt jp the ft men wert men Fred P.
Cutter Crs Cv'f I Ask Li' nie this on eift. A och that's PMtc'e; rri vpt' TVn hr'n me b-k ft rr" hartj Mot humbly for thi I Darline Storey An nplimit is a "ov Hn buys i iandini net before he buys a ''ire. T. S. E.
Encouraging Delinquency Obviously the Mutual Burlesque Theater at 126 S. Illinois St. should receive immediate attention from the Indianapolis Police and Fire Departments. It offends, both morally and physically. James G.
Newland, a News reporter, found two kinds of filth at the Mutual. One was the low level of performance this house offers a strip tease dancer, vulgar comedians and a generally off-color show. The other kind of filth is physical dirt, refuse and neglect of fire hazards that threaten physical safety. Laws exist under which both Police and Fire Departments can proceed to clean up the Mutual, eliminate the vulgarity and make the place physically acceptable. The alternative is a prompt order from the officials to close the theater.
Representatives of the Police Department's juvenile aid division class burlesque theaters as sources of encouragement for juvenile delinquency. Along with this sort of entertainment are obscene peep shows and lewd pictures. Police officers know from the investigations they have made that numerous juvenile offenders got started the wrong way by such influences. That is all the more reason why such sources of depravity should be exterminated. By Henry McLemore RIO DE JANEIRO Picture yourself in the office of J.
P. Morgan asking the head of the celebrated company if he had any sauerkraut, silk slips, or dust mops that were a good buy. You'd be embarrassed, wouldn't you, when the man with the white piping on his vest and whiskers to match told you that obviously you had made a mistake that he was an international banking house and did not deal in slips or the like. Well, something like that happened to me yesterday in Rio, and all because the three of us who are making this trip together got too cocky about our mastery of the Portuguese language. We felt-Jean, Harvey McMillan and I that we had the language licked; that we could speak it like natives.
Actually, all we have done about speaking Portuguese is to add an to all the English words we know. For example, in asking the maid at the hotel to clean up the room, our Portuguese goes something like this: "Maido, will you pleaseo sweepo the roomo, and makeiuppo the bedso. Thanko very mucho." BUT. thanks to the patience and graciousness of the people of Rio. we had been making out very well.
Our success went to our heads, so when we went downtown to do some shopping we didn't enlist the services of a guide so sure were we that we could handle the language and make our wants known. Jean was particularly interested in buying an alligator bag, being as this is the city where the best ones are made and cost only a fraction of what they do in the States. Somewhere on the Avenue Rio Branco, Rio's main draggo. using the Portuguese we were so proud of. we asked a man if he could tell us where to find the best shop for alligator bags.
He bowed, nodded in understanding, and walked with us a few blocks, finally halting in front of an imposing building. He entered the building, explained something to the elevator operator, and left us. We were proud as peacocks. Without using any English we had made our needs known. The elevator operator let us out on the fourth floor and.
in what we considered impeccable Portuguese, we asked the receptionist where we could find the alligator baggo departmento. She smiled pleasantly, and ushered us into an impressive office. Back of a desk just a little smaller than the U. S. S.
"Missouri" sat a very handsome but austere-looking gentleman. We went into Portuguese in high gear and asked him to show us some alligator bags. HE LOOKED as stunned as if we had slugged him with a blackjack. He rocked in his chair, recovered, and rocked again. He gasped.
Finally, he pulled out of it and in perfect English said: "I am awfully sorry. There must be some mistake." "Oh. no," we said, "we wanto alligator baggos. Pursos. Understando?" "Yes, I understand." he said, "but there still must be some mistake.
This happens to be the office of the United States Steel Corporation. I am unhappy to tell you that alligator bags, or any other kind of bags, are not in our line." We made for the door as if half a platoon of cops were after us. On the sidewalk we vowed never again to trust our Portuguese. Seeo youo tomorrow. discrimination in the' Army.
These men were imprisoned. Today, nearly 1.000 of these men are still in prison. But these men are not in prison because they believe in Christ or refused to kill their fellow men. They are in prison because you and I sent them there. Ynu and Yes, you and I.
for it is our country and our laws that sent these men to prison. We are we believe in Aristotle. Because we believe in Aristotle, we are slaves of hate and vengeance and bigotry and bias. It is time for us to cast aside our bonds of slavery and free ourselves. But we cannot free ourselves until we free these men.
JACK HAYES Indianapolis Appreciates Editorial To the Editor of The Newt: The faculty of the School of Medicine deeply appreciates the stand taken by The Indianapolis News regarding current problems of medical education as expressed in the splendid editorial ap-pearing in the paner Saturday evening, August 9. One of the most pressing problems before us at this time the matter of selection of students to enter the work of. the first year. Since the close of the war there has been a sharp increase in the number of students registered in preprofessional courses in the liberal arts colleges which, in a short time, will result in more oualified applicants for admission to schools of medicine throughout the country. Indiana University is attempting to meet both the increased demand for physicians and the increased demand for qualified apntirants bv exoandint the enrollment of the school to the maximum consistent with faculty.
adeouary of nlapt. and annual budjet. Tie suaranty of eood service to the people of our state, however, mardat-s the faculty not to increase the enroll-ment of the school to a point where the ouality of instruction mieht be held in question. Your editorial mde a very clear expression to the reading public of the problem and our policy of meeting it. 3.
T). VanNUYS. M. D. Dean, Indina University Medical Center Indianapolis Remember? To the Editor of The Newt: A letter in the "oice of the People re.
eently by I. gives the names of the players in the old Indianapolis National League baseball team. O. I. C.
comes very clou to naming them correctly; however. Hogriever never played at the old Tennessee Street park he was with the team that played at the East Ohio grounds. The rhht fielder with Denny, Olawrock. et was Mi-Oeachy Buckley wa a rsteher on thu team. The nine of Tinker Street had been fhamed to Seventh Street lew.
Inm before nrk was eMl'hed Seveoth ard And thgt to-bo-van slide was built in the bll nfk. Does O. I. C. remember that old Indianapolis battery McKean and Kn-nan? The latter caught without glove or mask.
And doea he the three swimming holes In Fall Creek Muncie ROOT To the Editor of The News: In the effort to play Santa Claus to the world, the United States is similar to the woman who ran about helping the neighborhood and neglecting her sick mother. Does charity begin at home or doesn't it? Why are we to add to our heavy burdens by taking in D. from European camps? Won't we thus lay ourselves liable to additional pauperism? To say nothing of infection from disease? Have not we enough to do to look after our soldiers and their families, which we are not doing now, lacking proper hospitalization, housing and jobs? Why not send these refugees to South America and Australia or Africa? All countries rich in undeveloped resources and lacking in population. If they are able and willing to lessen the labor shortage, it would be more sensible. But still, what about the housing shortage? Canada's method of handling this problem is worthy of imitation arcentim a limited number for a given time on condition they prove they will become useful citizens.
If they don't, then they are to be denorted. Would the labor shortare be so acute if it were not that the old-aee pension is so abused? If these pensioners were not so busy gossioing over the back fence or spitting tobacco juice on street corners, we might be able to hire them to weed, to mow or to mop. Instead, we are taxed to support their idleness whi'e we, often less physically able, have to do our own chores. This abuse of welfare orea nidations is undermining the morale of the nation. Young people are relieved of carins for Pop and Mom.
who often sign over farm or home to them and "go on relief." and they think there is no need for them to provide for the future, as there is the old ace pension, and so many oend their monev foolishly, even sinfully, and the hard working taxpayer settles with the fiddler. Why. oh, why? ANTOINETTE Vevay Intolerance To the Editor of The Newt: According to Aristotle, whom I would prefer not to believe, democracy is rule by the mob rule by the majority without regard for minority rights; however, there is another Interpretation of democracy that has gained favor, at leat vocal favor, here in the United States. This interpretation provides that minority rights and demands be tolerated and respected, regardless if that minority Is a vociferous 49Ci or a silent, humble 1-1 00th of ICe. I am in favor of the latter conception of democracy.
I would like to believe that we in the United States have that type of democracy, but I can not. It ts not true. It Is only true we are hateful and revengeful, that we are a mobocracy or. as Aristotle would ay a democracy. When Congress passed the Selective Service Act.
some men objected. They denied the state the right to draft men to kill other men or to draft men for any other purpose. Other men claimed they were ministers and exempt from the draft under the specific provisions of the law. Others objected to racial Economic Issues at Rio Much of solid merit must be attributed to the contention of Argentina and some other Latin-American nations that economic relief problems should be considered at the Rio conference, beginning today, along with hemisphere security measures. As a matter of getting something specific accomplished, however, it would appear more practical to defer economic issues and concentrate on the subject of military cooperation in the present discussions.
This is the attitude of Secretary of State Marshall and the United States delegation. Latin Americans eventually will have to find peacetime buyers for the products of their war-expanded industries which otherwise face ruin. Some Latin-American nations believe they are entitled to the kind of consideration at the international level that is being given to problems of European reconstruction. There is little question that closer economic coordination among the American republics is indispensable to total defense. If the United States is to succeed in excluding this issue from the Rio conference, it will have to satisfy its neighbors to the south that they are not to be left out in the cold while countries much farther away get needed trade assistance.
On the other hand no bloc should be permitted to extract a pledge of commercial concessions from this country in exchange for military and political cooperation. Suspicion that this kind of bribery is in the minds of some Latin Americans is reason enough for separation of the issues now. Economic issues in this hemisphere are not so pressing that they cannot await the Bogota conference of the American states in January. New Entrance to Statehouse Is Started. Headline.
And through it will pass some of the most expert politicians in the land. This country paid $100,000,000 for salad dressing last year, which indicates that salad days for many persons have already arrived. Practical politicians have learned that during excessively hot weather it is just as well to refrain from shaking hands. The United States Army may be a poor second to the Russians, in point of size, but it has a lot better chow. Pernicious Literature Delegates to the Fraternal Order of Police, at their national convention here, directed criticism at what they call pernicious comic books, the type that glorifies crime and criminals.
One of their resolutions branded such books as "one of the contributing factors to the cause of juvenile delinquency" and described them as "unrestrained, bold, vicious, salacious and immoral." The policemen at the convention asked that "all civic, religious and educational groups unite to abolish the publication of all literature that is detrimental to the youth of this nation." Before somebody says, "There ought to be a law," it might be explained that Indiana has had a law against pernicious literature for the last 42 years. It provides a fine of $10 to $200. to which imprisonment for not more than 90 days may be added, for anybody who sells, offers to sell, prints, publishes or brings into this state for the purpose of selling or giving away, "any paper, book or periodical the chief feature or characteristic of which is the record of commission cf crime or the display by cut or illustration of crimes committed or of the acts of pictures or criminals, desperadoes, or of men or women in lewd and unbecoming positions or improper dress." A law seldom is any stronger than public opinion. If the people of Indiana had wanted this statute enforced, it would have been. But the fact that they have ignored it only stresses the need for further education on the consequences of their apathy.
To the extent that it has directed attention to an antisocial situation, the F. O. P. resolution has served a useful purpose. Goodwill Industries Campaign Doubtless the appeal of Goodwill Industries, for greater financial support will meet with a ready and generous response.
For several years this organization has been operating successfully in Indianapolis, chiefly in behalf of physically handicapped persons who would not be able to obtain gainful employment elsewhere. At the workrooms of Goodwill they earn enough to support themselves and make a great variety of merchan- dise available for sale to persons who cannot afford to pay regulation prices. At the moment Goodwill needs more money to increase its sphere of usefulness. If Julietta becomes any more ornate it may have to be included in the social register. The heat seems to inspire Indianapolis burglars to increased activity.
Fortunately for the coroner, he isn't called every time an elm tree dies. Reds Have Ace in Hole. Headline. Isn't that gambling? OFF THE RECORD By Ed Reed WASHINGTON SCENE: U. N.
Action Demonstrates "Oil Is Still Mighty" I el ao.i w' and the minor league baseball scores. By Thomas L. Stokes WASHINGTON. Aug. IS Why the United Nations is losing the confidence of the people may be illuminated by something that has Just happened in the U.
N. Social and Economic Council. Except in this particular instance, the public probably wont find out much about it. for It got little notice. The action referred to is the Council's refusal even to study a proposal that a U.
N. authority be created to administer the world's oil resources, which arc potential sources of war. as we all know from our diplomatic history. Whether the public learns about this particular matter or not. it Is typical of the failure of the U.
N. and its agencies to face boldly some of the basic issues underlying peace. It received only skimpy notice, though anybody curious enough about what goes on in the world to read the newspapers exhaustively could find a fairly substantial account in one big New York or In other words, to lay It on the shelf. In the best diplomatic tradition, too. were the arguments of Herbert Moore Philllna.
United Kingdom reoresentathe. who led the fight against it. calling it "impracticable and unrealistic" and reminding his colleagues that "one must proceed by decreet in these matters." Our representative. Willard Thorp, suggested that the International Trade Organization, another U. N.
agency in the formative stage, might be utilized to remove discriminatory practices in oil markets. Mr. Moe wa. perhaps, a bit Impractical and Idealistic for the company he was keeping, though no more so. perhaps, than most of the plain people of the world.
It wa iet tin their champion to promote living and working conditions which, among othr thines. means easy and rhean access to the necesities of life, which include nil. The statement by the International Co-operative Alliance accompanying the oil authority resolution referred to the devious operation of ell in international businesi md diplomacy. It re- There were pictures of the winning mothers and daughters, but none, for example, of Finn Moe. the Norwegian delegate, who led the fight for a resolution embodying the U.
N. oil authority proposal study presented by the International Co-operative Alliance. HE BLUNTLY called this Issue a test of the United Nations, pointed out the importance of oil in world peace, said U. N. would lose the confidence of the people of the world if it refused to approve even a "study" of it.
and took the Council to task for being "frightened of the implications of a problem which it has not even studied." But Mr. Moe's frank talk availed noth. ing. Only the French representative. JarqtieslJevinat.
supported bim. Norway and France ca the two votes for the proposal. It was voted down after some debate, eight to two. with eight nations not voting. Instead, the Council solemnly agreed, in the best diplomatic manner, to "take note" of submission of the resolution fcrred lo to the drers of private International cartels for ftxin? mark- quotas and prices such as that here in detail recently, which onera'el before the war.
And It mentioned tl dangers from atate monopolies such exist now In many countries. It warnej too. of the threat of war alwavs In the rivalry for oil. The resolutlrn sugaested that a U. N.
authority for con trolling and administering oil resource should first in the Middle Eat, now the danger oot. THE CONFLICT over oil there wai dramatized in the ine-un on the rcsoluj. i -on as revealed in the debate and vot ru'-la'a renre.rp'Mive jo'nd us and B'i'l'h in ooop.in? ft. though he ah; from voSjp- The Interest of tr Uni'ed "3tes. Oe-t B-itain.
the Nether lnds, Turkev and Lebanon in Midd'i Fast oil and tn imnlications was demoii atrated In their voles asainst the res lution. The other negative votes wer eat hy Canada. New Zealand and Peril Th pattern emerges. Oil li tui mighty. -'rife- "It's moking on owful noise.
I wonder which is the SOFTpedol!" newspaper on page 33. near the story of a mother-daughter golf tournament ti i.
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