The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 20, 1956 · Page 9
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 9

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, January 20, 1956
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FRIDAY, JANUARY 20, 1956 BLYTHEVILLE URK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE NIKI REV IEW-•> FORECAST Report Is Made Following Study Of Cotton Seed FAYETTEVILLB — Arkansas cotton farmers may be better able to decide which type of cotton plant- ine seed to use after reading the findings of a study recently completed at the University of Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station. Results of the research, "How Arkansas Farmers Secure their Cotton Planting Seed," are published iJi Bulletin 561, Just released -b>—trie- Experiment Station. C. Curtis Cable, Jr., assistant professor of riiral economics, conducted the study to secure information helpful to farmers in deciding which type of seed to use. The study reveals varieties, quality characteristics, and sources of cotton seed planted by Arkansas farmers In 1953. It also estimates and compares cost* of planting seed with various quality characteristics and illustrates how farmers may use these cost figures in deciding which seed to plant. Major factors affecting the decision as to how often planting seed should be renewed are the differences in yield and quality of cot- ton obtained from different qualities of seed, as well as variations.in picking and ginning costs. Not enough information is available to permit a statewide recommendation. However, the individual farmer may be in a better position to make this decision by using methods of estimating costs outlined In the report. -In 1903, About two-thirds of "" Soil and Crops Conference The attendance was down and in- erest up at our 21st Annual Soils nd Crops Conference held Tues- ay Jan. 10, in Caruthersville. Fif- y farmers were present as T. A. Haggard, vice chairman, got tne onference underway. Eoy Stetson of Pascola was the ew member elected to serve on the 957 Conference Committee along vith T. A. Haggard of Steele. chair- nan; Henry Tanner, vice chairman; r ictor Downing of Bragg City, sec- etary and other members Henry Cain, Jr., Hayti and Jack Hutchion of Caruthersville. Harold Hill, a Scott-County farmer seed used by farmers who planted less than 100 acres of cotton was purchased seed. About one-third ol the seed used by large farm operators was purchased. The large farm operators were more inclined to buy enough certified or registered seed to plant onh a small percentage of the total cotton acreage each year. They planted the remaining acreage with seed saved from that portion of the crop produced the previous year with either certified or registered seed. Copies of the bulletin.can be obtained from the Bulletin Room College of Agriculture and Home Economics, University of Arkansas Fayetteville, or fro»i County Extension Offices. This Business of Farming By H. H. CARTES Associate County Agent Have you checked and evaluated your past cotton yields? How do they compare with the county average? Are they lower than they should be, considering the productivity of your soil? Farm management studies consistently show crop yields to be the biggest single factor affecting net profit per unit of crop production. In North Mississippi County, per acre cotton yield will, with a few exceptions, determine more than any other one thing tiic profit made on a particular farm. This assumes, of course, that the high yields are obtained at profitable costs. Check your yields against these average per acre yields of lint for Mississippi County: 1955 830 pounds 19H- 451 pounds 1958 «6 pounds Comparison of a farm's yields 3-year ave. 494 pounds with the county average should be evaluated in light of the farm's soil. A good yield goal on one farm might be far too low for another farm having more favorable soil. How to Check What are the opportunities for Mcuifoig profitable yield increases on your farm? If your cotton yields are lower than they should be wher judged against the county averagi (considering soil and any other de- termining factors), .we suggest thai you check the following three pra- :tices. We believe that these three prac tices. offer greater opportunity fo mproving cotton yields at least cos on North Mississippi County Farm in 1968 than anything else yo hight do this year. 1. election of the farm's best sol for the cotton allotment (withii limits dictated by desirable rotat ion practices, and by Johnson gras control on some farms). The contribution to farm incom resulting from increased cotto yields on the better soil shoul more than offset any decrease tha might occur from lower yields o less profitable crops planted less fertile soil. Planting Date 2. Early planting of cotton Dates •of-planting tests over a period o years in the Delta of Northeas Arkansas have shown an averag decrease in cotton yields of approx imately 30 pounds seed cotton pe acre for each day of delay in planting after May 1. Anything that can be done to get a good stand of early cotton will pay big dividends over the years. Good drainage and a good seedbed are essentials. 3. Fertilization. Four years of cotton fertilizer demonstration work In North Mississippi County indi- Pemiscot Notes By W. F. James. Pemiscot County Agent who lives north ol suasion tulU about his experience with chemi- al weed control in cotton and corn. He said his greatest return came rom, using pre-emerge chemical on Dtton. Last year C.M.U. (Karmex D.L.) was used Instead of CIPS. It was heaper and did a good job. Cost about $1.50 per acre. He gave the following advantage for chemical weed control. 1. Hill dropping gets a better stand—seven seed in a bunch has a better chance to push out. 2. Boles were higher on the stalk thereby insuring less weather dam- 3! Machine picker works better also under these conditions. 4. It's effective in wet, or dry weather. In a wet season the chemical treated cotton planted same time was much earlier than hoe chopped. CAUTION—Use, the right amount of chemical for your soil- be accurate. Use about a pound of Karmex on sandy loam and about li/ 2 Ibs. on clay soil. You plow the ting costs and increasing yields in )56. Owens said he'd been cross plowing cotton on his farm for the last 4 years. His entire crop of 29 acres cross plowed last year had loss than half the normal chopping cost. He uses disk hillers set for 39 inch rows for cross plowing. Curtis Marchbanks who has been cross plowing for the past 3 years said he used a Ford pull type cultivator with sweeps set for 18 inch rows. This '.year he tried crossing at an angle after first crossing the regular way. His experience in cost cutting was about the same as re- Fertilizer Data Nitrogen must be used on most of our soils in South Mississippi County if high yields are expected. Rates of application recommended from soil analysis will vary from a minimum of 30 pounds to as high as 15 pounds per acre depending on organic matter content of the soil and other factors. When to Put Out Fertilizer? Frequently your county agent is asked, "When should I put out my middle "only" ftost 2 or 3 itions. culti- LlllUlU. A panel composed of Glen Owen of Pascola, Jack Tipton, Caruthersville, and Curtis Marchbanks of Bragg City discussed ways of cut- cates that the proper fertilizer may be expected to increase net profit from cotton by a county average of approximately $30.00 per acre, and to give a net return of approximately $4.00 for each one dollar invested in connection with soil tests for the plots, showed the value and need of soil tests in helping determine the proper fertilizer program for a given field. For anyone who might be concerned about trying to produce higher cotton yields under the present suply situation, we would sa' that any national farm program si mply must never discourage efficient production on individual farms jack Tipton said he cross plowed 130 acres in 1955 and would cross plow all his cotton where a good stand is secured. He has had no difficulty in using his mechanical picker o"n the cross plowed cotton. All these men agreed that cross plowing had not reduced yields. Tipton told the group he'd been defoliating cotton for. a number of years but was not satisfied with his results in general. It was generally agreed that last year's defoliation was on the average just an un-nee- essary expense. There were, of course, many cases of good defoliation. Knowing the exact right conditions within the plant and having the right weather to get best defoliation is the problem. Following the panel Wm. J. Murphy, Extension Field Crops Specialist of the University of Missouri, reported on experimental work being carried out by the Missouri and Bther state Experiment Stations. He said work being done now on controlling Johnson Grass in cotton with chemicals instead of hoeing looks promising. Aramatic oils and Delapon are both showing good re- The material is sprayed on when suits at much loss cost than hoeing, grass gets six inches tall with a. knapsack sprayer. It is sometimes necessary to use three application. Little harm is done to the cotton. Murphy pointed out that we now have three excellent cottons in Delfos 9169, DDL 15 and Fox. Some progress is being made on developing a yellow soybean to equal ogden. A demonstration on how to save $50 to $100 worth oi gasoline on i.iany Pemiscot County Farms was given by Assistant County Agent, Terry Rollins. If you are using a red or dark colo'red gas tank above ground, un- shaded and without a vacuum pres- AAaloch Says By D. V. MALOCB Missisiippi County Agent fertilizer demonstration to deter- Back before the high fertilizer recommendations of today were put forth, the Delta Experiment Station at Stoneville, Miss., (financed over half by Federal funds) ran tests on fall and spring applications of nitrogen on cotton. Results from this test are given in the table below: Results from continuous tests from 1937-44 on seed cotton yields Delta Experiment Station Stoneville, with applications. Pall and Spring mine the field results of the recommendations in comparison to other fertilizer programs used in the community. In 1955, two such fertilizer demonstrations were run in the Hatcher community to compare the yields from the use of nitrogen and a complete fertilizer, and to compare yields of mixed fertilizer with limestone and without. The soil analysis showed that both soils were low to medium in Nitrogen and organic matter and high in acid The tables below gives the results from the demonstration test plots: 1955 Fertilizer Demonstration — L. C. Shelton rounds Yield Per Per Acre Acre N P K 12-12-12, 300 Ibs Lime 48-48-48 1990 Nitrate Soda 48 1890 Check 0 1570 1955 Fertilizer Demonstration — Henry Scrlvner Pound> Yield Per Per Acre Acre N P K Am'm Nitrate 48 3500 12-12-12 300 Ibs Lime 48-48-48 3290 12-12-12 48-48-48 3220 Nitrate of Soda 48 3180 Check 0 0 0 3010 The soil analysis for the above demonstration plots showed the need for additional nitrogen to balance the fenility level for the particular soils on which the plots were run. Limestone was not recommended by the soil analysis and did not show any results. The highest yielding plots in the demonstrations were the ones where 48 pounds of nitrogen was applied. Am'm Nitrate ... 12-12-12 No Lime . 48 All fields on a farm, however, do not need the same fertilizer application because the nearer the balance in an adequately fertilized plot, the higher the yields generally are. What source of Nitrogen Is Best? Over a 9-year period in Delta soils near. Marianna, the Cotton that no single source of nitrogen has consistently returned the high increase in yields. Similar results were tound at tb» Delta Station at Stoneville. Th« highest increased yields were returned on different seasons by cyanamid, ammonium nitrate, sulphate of ammonia, and cal-nitro. Had anhydrous ammonia been in use when tests were run, it, too, would have probably ranked at tht top on a year. All forms of nitrogen are good but some forms . are cheaper per unit of nitrogen than others. The relative retail cost of I pound of Nitrogen is about as follows In some of the different carriers. Anhydrous ammonia Ammonium nitrate .. Ammonium sulfate . Calcum ammonium nitrate | Cyanamid 16. cent* Nitrate of soda 20. oenta . 8.4 ceota 11.6 cent* 18. cente IS. cente 48-48-48 2065 Branch Experiment Station found Avg. Yield 1520 1515 1535 1555 1538 1588 997 1531 1553 Inc. 521 516 536 556 539 589 0 '532 554 S'm N'rate F S'm N'rate S Am'm S'phate ... F Am'm S'phate ... S Cy'mide F Cy'mide. S No N'gen Avg inc all N'gen F Avg inc all N'gen S This gives a slight advantage for spring application but the extra yield for spring application over fall is small on loam and clay soils. Best Results According to recent reports 1 have read, nitrogen will attach onto the soil particles faster and better when the soil has a limited amount of water in it. Excess water or water logged soils do not hold or retain nitrogen as well as soils dry enough for extra good tilth. Therefore, when the soil is in good tilth one gains more from using fertilizer. How to Balance Fertility The best way to balance the soil fertility on a given farm is the proper use of a soil analysis made by a reliable soils laboratory like the ones operated by the University of Arkansas. Then on uniform plots put out a sure exhaust cap then all you have to do is paint the tank white put a shade over it and install the pressure cap to make the saving. Here's the tool for 'discing in'tough crops 29 GOBLE WHEEL DISC Preparing a good seed bed on rough ground or discing in tough rooted crops calls for heavy duty tillage equipment. The Massey- Harris 29 Goble Wheel Disc has the weight, stability and light draft to make easy work of your toughest harrowing job. . Center thrust bearings reduce draft, arched frame gives good trash clearance, adjustable straight-line hitch means uniform penetration, positive draft control. 22 or 24-inch tempered discs cut clean, two-piece scrapers adjust to blades. With the 29 you get the advantage of two-wheel design for easy, convenient transport. Wheels lower and raise hydraulically. See the 29 Wheel Disc today —let us show you all of its quality features. 61 IMPLEMENT CO. "Tht Former's Homt of Satisfaction" N. Highway 61 Ph.2-2142 Mats fa fosse?-fans When a man hangs out his Shingle . . . Thousands of them started that way . . . with a hole in the wall and a slab of cedar, hung over the canopied boardwalk. They were men of every sort, in businesses of every sort. And most of them had some things in common, like vision, initiative, and faith in the future. But each that lasted had still an extra quality in common with the other—an aoite consciousness of the responsibilities he assumed when he went into business. He knew that the-day he "hung out his shingle" he did more than announce a new venture—he announced his willingness to plight his future with his community and with his neighbors ... to live with them, to work with them, and to serve them. Now the signs have changed some. But though neon has supplanted the cedar slab and the modern store froot has replaced the canopied boardwalk, the philosophy of the successful remains the same. It's the philosophy that admits to the responsibilities assumed when a man "hangs out his shingle"—the responsibilities to his neighbors, to his community, and to his country. It's the philosophy to which we, as your John Deere dealer, subscribe. MISSCO IMPLEMENT COMPANY S. Highway 61 Ph. 3-4434 Serving Your Farm Equi|i4hient Needs Is with Us Save Enough with BUTLER to Buy Fixtures and Equipment Butler steel buildings make your building dollars go farther. You can get the space'you need for your business and cut up to 47 per cent off your investment. This means capital savings that can pay for your fixtures and equipment. Call or write now! We'll give you a set of plans and a price that explain why you see so many new Butler buildhigsl Building Contractors, Inc. West Memphis 229 E. Broadway P.O. Box 10 Phone 404 Propane Phone For Free Estimates R. C. FARR & SONS Owners Phone 3-4662 — 400 Railroad — Phone 3-4567 S&E SUPER MARKET Highway 61 North We Deliver—r^hone 3-9663 • Modem Self Service Facilities • Choice Meats • Finest Produce • Quality Groceries • Frozen Foods Enjoy Modern, Self-Service Shopping with no parking problem at any time. Shop S & E for Quality. YOU CAM'T STOP THE QUEEN MAR* WITH A CLOTHESLINE.. «. r *o« than y«, can kt«p a tornado from hitting your howw. »wt yoy «M buy imurance - th» right kind,'« the right amount. VYVK b« gUd to adviw. NOBLE GILL AGENCY GLENCOI BLDO. »•*•*• The earth is about 197,000,000 uare miles, about 70 per cent .ter and 30 per cent land. ANY TIME! You con turn under CYANAMID any time before planting -it will still feed yeur cotton right through to picking! CYANAMID SUPPLIES 21% LEACH- RESISTANT NITROGEN plus more essential calcium than any other fertilizer! CYANAMID feeds your crop right through to picking, neutralizes soil acidity and builds soil humus. It's agriculture's most useful form of nitrogen PROVED in many years of Delta use! CALL YOUR DEALER ... ORDER CYANAMID NOW S~) 'AMERICANA , Lt/anamid ' COMPANY Donaghty Building llrtl« Rock, Arkanxi

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