The Ogden Standard-Examiner from Ogden, Utah on January 13, 1948 · Page 1
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The Ogden Standard-Examiner from Ogden, Utah · Page 1

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Tuesday, January 13, 1948
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The Weather UTAH--Mostly clear today,-tonight and Wednesday. Little change In temperature. High temperatures today generally 30-40. Low Wednesday morning 10-20 except near SB In Dixie. Temperatures (For thu 84-hour period «ndJn« at ·even ·. m. today): Max. Mln.l Ibx. Wn. Ogden ...... 3S 17|Okta. City . 5 1 Albuquerque M 20|Om«h« ~ ' -- . 3* IT Butta 24 -T Cheyenru . .24 08 Chicago .. M 21 Denver ... .30 M Cd. Junction 40 22 Lu Vein .65 44 Logan 32 11 Lot Ancela .62 60 Miami 7S 70 Minneapolis 20 -2 Now Orleniu 11 BO New York ..-- 34 Pouulla .'...» 11 Portland 4S -Reno M U Rock Bprinci 30 or Salt L*k* . . .38 U San Antonio .72 41 San Fran. ..OS SS st. ceom ..ss aa SI IXHlU *· 11 Sealtla 43 aa WMhlnaton .43 as Weat YelUt .17 -- Seventy-seventh Year--No. 143 The United Prcra The Associated Preu OSDEN CITY, UTAH, TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 13, 1948 AP Service NEA Service 14 PAGES FINAL EDITION Gen. Graham Admits Gain From Market Terms Earlier Story 'Error'; No Inside Data WASHINGTON, Jan. 13 (UP)--Brig. Gen. Wallace H. Graham, the White House doctor, admitted today that he made a net profit of $6,165.25 on commodity speculations. Heretofore, Graham had insisted to newsmen that "frankly, I lost my socks" in commodity dealings. But today. Graham told the senate appropriations subcommittee Investigating speculation that his broker's agent had invested his money in commodities in an effort to help him overcome $11,012.86 loss in securities. " This, Graham added, reduced his net loss to $4,847.61. He said he accepted "full responsibility" for the commodity transactions. When Graham's commodity dealings first were disclosed, he said he had turned over his money to his broker and did not know any oi it had ben invested in grain or other commodities. A Technical Error Graham also admitted today thai his statement to the press las' month that he had disposed of all his commodity holdings Oct. 7 after Mr. Truman's blast against commodity gamblers was incorrect. He contended his error was a technical one as he had not considered cotton and cottonseed oi which he held after Oct. 7 to be commodities. He thought the terra referred to wheat and other grains Before Graham began his testimony, he shook hands--with senators as newsreel cameramen grounc away and photographers snapped pictures. He prefaced his testimony by saying that shortly after his "return from the war" he was offeree the post of physician to the presi dent He said it was a "greai honor" and. in addition, he was given facilities for hospital work and medical teaching. Became Concerned He said that after arriving here he bought stocks, first through a broker in Kansas City and later here. "These stocks dropped in price and 1 became concerned about my investment I discussed the situ ation with the Washington broke: (Brisker) through whom I hac bought some of the stocks." Describing Brisker as having been "very kind to me" and of the "greatest help," Graham said he did not want the senators to think any of bis statements were in criticism of the broker. "On the contrary, if I had fol lowed his advice about stocks, might not have suffered the losse which I did. He advised definitely and repeatedly against buying the stocks I bought but I acted con trary to his advice." Dauff Inside Information Denying he had any "inside" in formation on government commod ity purchasing. Graham told th committee: "Nobody with whom I worked in the government and no other gov eminent official or employe eve gave me any information abou commodities and if they had, doubt that I would have under stood it very well I am a surgeon but 1 am not a financier or econo mist and never pretended to be one." Graham's original public story ·was that after Mr. Truman's bias at commodity "gamblers," he aske his broker if he had any commodi ties and immediately ordered them sold. This account was challenged b Harold E. Stassen, aspirant for th Republican presidential nomina tion, who said Graham did not ge out of the market until after Stas sen inquired whether any White House personnel was engaging Lr such trading. Cold Wave Hears East, Midwest By United Press Householders checked their oil tanks and coal bins throughou roost of the northern and easten United States today as tempera tures dropped and promised to g still lower. While most Callfornians enjoyec a record winter heat wave, mi-' ·westerners were told they would get even colder weather as a frigid air mass headed toward the Atlantic coast. By tomorrow morning, forecasters at Chicago said, temperatures ·will be generally lower in a broad wedge extending from the midwest to the Atlantic, south through the Carolinas and north through New England. Thermometer readings in northern Minnesota and Interior Wisconsin were scheduled to dip as low af 10 to 25 degrees under zero. Loss Recouped Brig. Gen. Wallace H. Graham . . "A surgeon, but not a financier." All Hands Safe After Fleeing Blazing Vessel NEW YORK, Jan. 13 (AP)--All 46 survivors who abandoned the army's flame-swept funeral trans port Joseph V. Connolly were safe Loday aboard two other vessels alter a dramatic rescue from lifeboats in which they had tossed for 11 hours in raging North Atlantic seas. Rescue of the 46--the Connelly' 45 crewmen and its lone passenger --was completed last night after an all-day air and sea search for the survivors who abandoned their blazing ship in a northeast gali some 900 miles east of New York. Planes Aid in Rescue The half-frozen men were pickec up by the army transport Gen R. E. Gallon and the Black Dia mond line's Union Victory whicl sped to the scene after interceptini the stricken Connolly's calls fo help earlier in the day. Long-rangi air force planes from Kindley flel in Bermuda aided in the rescue. The two ships reported all hand safely aboard with "minor burns and injuries among survivors. The Gallon, still standing by th Connolly, messaged that the dis tressed vessel was ablaze "from stem to stern with constant eruptions from 40 to 50 feet." Salvage Doubtful An army sea-going tug left New York harbor yesterday morning t attempt salvage operations but th Gallon's master radioed that th tug would "not be able to com within one-half mile of the flomin derelict." Couse of the first, which origin ated in tne Connolly's engine room, had not been determined, th Callan said. The 442-foot Connolly left her last Thursday en route to Antwer with 6,445 empty caskets to return additional bodies of American wa dead from Europe. She-had arrive here last October with 6,248 wa dead, first such shipment since th end of the war. Price Brakes Said Key io IVage Future Labor Awaits Assurances, Says Official WASHINGTON, Jan. 13 AP) -- Secretary of Labor Schwellenbach said today he believes that if congress acts o hold down prices labor unions will tone down demands for wage increases. The cabinet officer was before he senate banking committee to urKe enactment ol the admlnlslra- lona wage-price control leglsla- lon. "The price increases of the lasl wo years have brought home, more :learly than ever before, the fu- ility of wage increases that are eaten up by price rises," Sehwel- enbach said. "In spite of the intention of organized labor to press for substantial wage increases, it is my elief that labor will cooperate in his effort if given, some real assurance that price rises will be checked. "But I have little hope that organized labor will be able to refrain Irom asking sizable wage increases f such assurances are not given.' Earlier, the American Veterans committee recommended restora .ion of limited rationing and price control, but opposed President Tru man's request for standby power to control wages. Toft Sees Black Market Sounding a key note of Republl can opposition to meat rationing Sen. Taft (Ohio) predicted today i would revive black markets and lead to even higher prices. The Ohioan told a reporter tha while he is not completely barring rationing or price controls, he doe. Convict Killed in Fall From Wall RALEIGH, N. C., Jan. 13 (UP)-One convict fell from the wpll o North Carolina's central prison to day and died of a broken neck an another was caught 50 yards awa in an abortive prison break. Warden Hugh Wilson said Elme C. Turner, 38, was killed as h tried to scale the red brick wall o the prison. Turner was servin three sentences including life im prisonment for murder, kidnapin and highway robbery. Wilson said Hosea Parker. 32 year-old Negro, had successful! climbed the wall in a cold ral but was caught when he ran int a prison employe on the other sld Parker is serving a total of 4 years on eight charges of arson breaking and entering and larceny The warden said Turner an Parker were working near the wal in the prison yard and attempte their break when guards relaxe their watchfulness. 'Virus X' Spreads To San Francisco SAN FRANCISCO, Jim. 13 (UP A wave of epidemic nausea, whic was known in Los Angeles unde the name of "virus V," was becom ing widespread in the San Fran Cisco bay area today. The disease was associated i some cases with a mild type "A influenza and with the commo cold. The nausea, however, wa caused by an unidentified viru. It last attacked this area thre years ago in epidemic proportions San Francisco Health Directo Dr. J. C. Gcigcr advised those wh succumbed to the disease to go t bed, keep warm, drink liquids an call a doctor. not believe "that would work. meat rationing "You have to set up just as big an organization to ration one Jtem as to ration everything," Taft said. "Besides, meat is the one thinj most susceptible to black marke operations. I am afraid that w would have a repetition of the tim when cattle were killed widely on the farms instead of at the slaugh tering houses, with the hides am other by-products being lost. . "Certainly the people who go beef through the black markets would have 1 to pay even hlghe prices, for it than they are now an a great many people would ge practically none at all." Flanders Dlflers Although a handful of G.O.P lawmakers led by Sen. Flander (Vt.) have said they believe mea rationing may be necessary b spring, Taft's views reflect the at tltudc of Republicans general! toward President Truman's appea for stand-by power to restore ra tioning and wage-price controls o a limited basis. The party skepticism and ou right opposition came into shar focus yesterday when Secretary o Agriculture Anderson plugged fo meat rationing and wholesale pric ceilings on meat. He testified be fore the senate banking committee which is considering various bil to re-establish these wartime con trols. Anderson renewed his piedlctio of a serious meat shortage and sai "we will want both price contro and rationing on meat and we wi want them before this spring i over," The secretary gave his blessln to a forthcoming bill by Flander which would authorize the agr cultural department to make plan for meat rationing. But Anderso said he would prefer to give th administration the power to sa when or whether such a program should go into effect. Finishing Touch to Last Chapter Ogden police were ready today to mark "Case Closed" on the Investigation of the murder October 4 of Lee Kay Walker. Here Captain C. K. Keeter, seated, and Detective John G. Flncock study picture! and files in the case after reading the confession signed In Tacoma, Wash., by Jake Bird, Negro transient. Bird's Confession Reveals Details of Walker Slaying By Louis A. Gladwell Ogden police today officially closed the case of the mur der of Lee Kay Walker, 62, of 585 Twenty-ninth, with a signed confession from, Jake Bird, 56-year-old Negro tran si@nt, obtained last w^ek by an Ogden police detective in 1Jh Washington state penitentiary; it M was announced today by Acting Police Chief Clifford K. keeter, Bird is awaiting execution at the-f Washington prison Jan. 16 for the murder Oct. 30 of Mrs. Bertha Kludt in Tacoma, Wash. Patrick M. Steele, Pierce, Wash., prosecuting attorney, revealed in a 176- page transcript that the burly Negro admitted other murders reaching from New York to Los Anin substance that confession, which geles and extending back to 1923. Keeter said Bird's signed police will hold as evidence their case is cleared, said he met a dark-skinned person "who could have been an Mexican or something," by a railroad bridge in Ogden on the night of Oct. 3 and that the two of them made their way uptown to find something to eat. Sought Unlocked Doors The two, according to the confession, made their way into the residential streets looking for unlocked doors with intention of burglary. Bird said they entered the Walker house, heard Mr. Walker snoring, then. switched on the lights and ransacked the place in search for money. ·The two, the confession continued, switched on the light in Walker's room, where he was sleeping alone, and although Walker didn't awaken, Bird struck him several times with an ax and stabbed him with a knife. Keeter placed the likely time cf the crime at about two-thirty a. m., Oct. 4, 1947. He expressed strong doubt, however, that Bird had an accomplice. Bird made it plain in his con- (Contlnued on Pagv Two) (Column Four) G. O. P. Gets Ready To Shave Budget Rocket Sleds Hit 1000-Mile Speed MUnOC AIR BASE, Cnllf., Jon. 13 (UP)--The air forces announced today that rocket-powered sleds have streaked along a set of railroad tracks faster than a bullet, beating the airplane to the honor of cracking the sonic wall. The air force said it used jet bomb launching sleds for the experiment. They were clamped to tracks 2000 feet long over which they skated at speeds over 1000 miles an hour. In the first high speed run on September 20, 1946, the unmanned sleds flashed the distance of the track in less than two seconds. When it hit the end of the rails, the sled hurtled out across the desert until it came to rest. A top speed of 1012 miles an hour was recorded on the first day. Since then the jet-propelled sleds have hit even greater speeds. The top was reached on March 7, 1947, when a sled hit 1019 miles an hour. The sleds, weighing 1500 pounds, were powered by five giant rockets using solid fuels. Each rocket develops 10.000 pounds of thrust for 1.8 seconds. The sleds exceeded the speed of sound--763 miles per hour at sea level -- considerably during the tests. One of the air forces' top projects is to develop a plane which can break through the "sonic barrier" of almost solid air which builds up before the leading edge of a plane's wings at the speed of sound. Five Die, Four Hurl as Plane Crashes inRain WASHINGTON, Jan. 13 (UP)-Five persons were killed and four others Injured today when an Eastern Airline DC-3 passenger plane, groping through heavy rain and the pre-dawn darkness, crashed in a wooded area five miles southeast of here us It approached Wosh- nulon lor o landing. The big piano was carrying nlno Dersons In all, six passengers and ;hree crew--all men--on a scheduled flight from Houston, Texas, to Boston. The Injured, all described In "satisfactory" condition at Casualty hospital in Washington, were: Lucian A. Moebus. 47, a navy captain, Maxwell field, Montgomery, Ala. Morris Maple, III, 24, Princeton, N. J. Eugene C. Stone, 40, Pensacola, Fla. Peter Phelios, 22, the plane's steward, of Astoria, N. Y. Eastern Airlines identified the dead as: L. Brandt, Biltmore hotel. Atlanta. S. M. Warner, Clinton, S. C. W. A. Moorehend, Clinton, S. C. R. Sanborn, Jr., Atlanta, pilot. P. Saltanie, Atlanta, plane captain. Wheels Set for Landing Eastern Airline officials at the crash believed the pilot, his visibility impaired by the rain and darkness, had lost altitude too soon in approaching Washington National airport for an instrument landing. Supporting this belief *nuV fact that the plane's wheels -were 'down for a landing. The plane wagon the south edge of the Washington radio range. One of the surviving passengers walked away from the twisted wreckage. Members of the Oxon Hill, Md., fire department,' who were first to_arrive at the scene found him standing under the stlll- Intact tall of the piano. Although b l e e d i n g profusely from the head, the passenger, ac cording to firemen, said: "I'm all right, but there are some people in terrible shape in there." One Pinned Under Nose Rescuers said another survivor was pinned beneath the nose of th plane. "We had a hell of a time getting him out alive," they said. The plane had made Its last stop at Winston-Salem, N. C., and was due at Washington at four a.m E.S.T. It had left Wlnstop-Salem about three a.m., and was flyin) on instrument. It made its last radio report--a routine one--at four thirty-fivi a.m. to Eastern Airlines here. TlK plane had not reported any trouble The nearest farm house was a mile from the scene. Police re ceived the first report from . farmer at five-thirty a.m. All avail able hospital ambulances, plus fir fighting equipment from nearby Andrews field, Md., ,an army ai base, were rushed to the scene. Goal Is $5 Billion Lopped Off Truman Figure; Money Saving May Center on Aid Proposals WASHINGTON, Jan. 13 (AP)--Republicans set out today to chop some $5,000,000,000 out of President Truman'* 39,669,000,000 budget for the year starting July 1. The foreign aid program appeared likely to be the main arget of the money-saving drive. A $5,000,000,000 slash was the tentative goal set by Chairman Taber (R-N. Y.) pending a meeting of the senate* louse budget committee to go over details of the unprecedented peacetime spending estimate Mr. Truman gent to ongress yesterday. While Taber declined to specify ust what items most likely would singled out for cuts, he noted hat the president's estimate of ctual foreign aid outlays during he year and his request* lor fund* ^_ o finance other projects not jret Dm A MMa%fMM«*M authorized by law run well om By Anderson $9.000.000.000 * Training Not Enacted For example, he raid, the pre*t dent wants half · billion dollar* o finance universal military train* ng legislation, which congreM ha* not enacted and which some of it* op leaders expect it to put arid* or at least another year. Taber pointed out that while the Aarshall plan for European reeor- Reduced Food Exports Seen Anderson India Given Choice of Gandhi or Strife As Frail Patriot Fasts, Talks of Death NEW DELHI, India, Jan. 13 f (AP)--Mohandas K. Gandhi today started a life-endangering fast for communal peace in Delhi and India. The Indian patriot and prophet of non-violence, frail and 78, rejected last-minute appeals from Hindu, Sikh and Moslem delegations that he give the people 15 days to restore peace before beginning his fast. He received them in the garden of a millionaire friend's home here. "You must prefer Gandhi or lawlessness. You can't have both," delegation members said he told them in Hindustani. They added he asserted life had no value nor attraction without peace and love. Brief Prayer Service Promptly at eleven a. m. Grand! pointed to the remnants of his breakfast of goat's milk and vegetables, from which he had been eating sparingly, and said, "take it away. It is time." He timed the start of the fast exactly with his watch. He then rinsed his mouth with water and held a brief prayer service for his assembled friends and others, reading selections from the Mohammedan Koran, the Christian Bible and the Hindu vedas or religious tenets. He asked the people. Including the Hindu, Sikh and Moslem delegations, to leave him then, and be 4-Gandhi's public announcement of Mohandas K. Gandhi went Indoors to follow his normal routine of reading mail, dictating messages to his followers and closely studying current events in newspapers. In undertaking his fast, Gandhi said It "will end when and If I am satisfied that there is a reunion of the hearts of all communities brought about without any outside pressure, but from awakened sense of duty." Noting the mention of death in his plan, some disciples said they feared that, should he die, India's non-Moslems would blame the Moslems and avenge him with terrible slaughter. Gandhi, lecturing the Sikhs in the garden, became so agitated his granddaughter had to help guide the wooden spoon in his shaking hand to his lips as he took the last mouthfuls of his breakfast. Interpreters said he told the Sikhs that their group, though small minority, was powerful and should not use force against helpless Moslems, Two bearded members of the group wept as he spoke. Health of Mind, Soul Two ministers of the Indian dominion--Maulana Abul Kalam Azad for education and Rajkumari Amrit Kaur for. public .health ·*- were among his visitors. He told the latter that health of mind and soul was as much her interest as physical health. He dC' clared to the former that he was wasting his time visiting Gandhi and ought to be back in his office teaching people, among other things, to keep the peace. Of each, he demanded: "What kind of department are you presiding over?" Gandhi's announcement referred in more than one place to the possibility of his death. Petrillo Labeled 'Economic Pirate' WASHINGTON, Jan. 13 (AP)-Justin Miller, president of th National Association of Broadcast ers, told the house labor commit tee today that James C. Petrillo I an "economic pirate" who has be come "the American public's sym bol for bad union leadership." Miller testified that Petrillo through iron-clad control of th American Federation of Musician is seeking to destroy the record making industry by "uninventtn the phonograph." He said this 1 "hurting the real professional mu slcians," The N.A.B. president testified 1 a Hollywood-like setting bcfn floodlights and clicking newsre cameras. He is the first of severe witnesses scheduled to tell the in dustry side of "the case agains Petrillo" arising from the unio leader's ban on record-making an his edict against the use of unio musicians for television broadcast As the hearings began, Commit tee Chairman Hartley (R-N. J. recalled that a subcommittee inves tigated Petrillo in Los Angeles las year. He said the group reporte that Petrillo and his union "exer else monopolistic control over a commercial phases of musical pro ductlon, Including recordings, ra dio, movies and television, an have used their great powers to block technological development o frequency modulation (FM) radl and of television." Hartley said his subcommittee has recommended that the Taf Hartley law and other federal sta' utes be amended "so that the mo nopollstlc practices of labor union which are injurious to the publl interest be forbidden." WASHINGTON. Jan. 13 (AP)-Secretary of Agriculture Anderson aid today total food exports proposed under the Marshall plan would actually be smaller than in other recent years. As the European recovery program progressed, he said, there would be a decreasing shipment of scarce foods and an Increasing emphasis on the more abundant foods, le added: "From the standpoint of our consumers, the effect of our proposed exports should be less noticeable than the effects of the exports in recent years." Anderson gave this analysis of 'ood aspects of the Marshall program in testimony prepared for th* enate foreign relations commit- Owhlch^hBsJtheJSuropean recovery progfinll before It. He told the committee the United States cannot hope to see real recovery .in western Europe unless here Is some increase in the food available for workers and their families. Cot Below Requests The secretary said this country IDS trimmed European food re- qucHts for the four-year Marshall plan period below amounts requested because of the prospective Inadequacy of supplies in this and ery contemplates a 96,800,000,0011 pproprlatlon for the first 19 months, the budget says only $4,000,000,000 of that sum will D*j spent during the 12 months starting July 1. The New Yorker termed that "too much." And. Taber added, "the dent's proposals for huge tor ..·ducatloQ, social, welfare other exporting countries. . Meanwhile, pressure built up among house Republicans to write out definite orders for whoever is to run the European recovery program and to specify equally definite limitations on his power. Representatives Vorys (R-Ohlo) and Chlperfleld (R-I11.) were among the G: O. P. members on the foreign affairs committee talking along that line as house hearings on the Marshall plan rolled into their second day. Lewis H. Doug' las, ambassador to Britain, and a former Arizona congressman, was called as the witness. From the senate side of the capitol came fresh indications that G. O. P. lawmakers are not completely satisfied with the administration's estimate of $6.800,000,000 as the precise sum needed to operate the plan for the first 15 months. Figure Not Sacred Chairman Vandenberg (R- Mich.) observed late yesterday thai there is nothing "sacrosanct" aboul the figure, adding that it will not ruin the program If the committee makes some changes in it. Senator Hlckenlooper (R-Iowa) a committee member, added to a reporter that .while he is not "unsympathetic with the objectives,' he believes there has been "too much educated guessing' about the financial details. Differing with his Republican colleagues on the house committee Representative Jarman (D-Alo.) said he IB against loading the bll to authorize the Marshall plan with "too many details and directives.' Vorys outlined his ideas directly to Secretary of State Marshal while the cabinet member was tes tlfying yesterday. Marshall stuck by his guns for a single administrator working close ly with the state department. But there is strong sentiment in the house for running the program through a board ol directors. Invasion Suggested Representative Merrow (R-N.H.) wanted to know what the eastern European countries and the Unitei States would do if Russia decidec "to take western Europe by force.' Speaking cautiously, Marshal said this would present "a terribly critical situation." He said a com plete review of foreign policy would be required in this country but he did not forecast the out come. For Europe, he regarded th chances of a Russian invasion as becoming "more remote" as the Marshall plan brings about economic recovery. Indonesian Regime BATAVIA, Java, Jan. 13 (AP)-Hubertus J. Van Mook, acting gov crnor general of the Netherland East Indies, Installed seven non Republican Indonesians today a members of an Interim govern ment, forerunner of a Unltci States of Indonesia. An eighth ap pointee will be installed later. seem way out of line It _ does authorize then programs." Determined OB Tax Cot Whatever the decision on his $9,« 000,000,000 goal, Taber said h« 'wouldn't be satisfied with anything less" than a cut of $4,500,000,000. Republican leaders are determined to ram through an Income reduction bill this year that may trim more than. (5,000,000.000 :he $44,477,000,000 in revenues estimated by Mr. Truman for the next fiscal year. Although the new budget exceed* by nearly $2,000,000,000 the anticipated government outlay for th« :urrent fiscal year, Mr. Truman Lold congress it was tailored to "rigid standards of operating economy" and is necessary to cope with "the realities of our existing International and domestic requirements." Neat Price Seen As Crucial Issue BOISE, Jan. 13 (AP)--The price of meat, since it "seems the most easily talked about" may determine the next election, Wilbur B. Wright president of the American National Livestock association, declared today in discussing what he called a propaganda campaign directed toward meat rationing and pricf) controls. "There haa been · lot of talk about meat rationing. There baa been · lot of talk about the high, price of meat. There hag been a lot of talk," the Deeth, Nev., stockman, here for the 51st annual convention of the assocation, said. "In back of it there seems to b* little thought as to the results of rationing or controls, as to the objectives sought, or aa to the relatively recent past experience with controls. "My personal view IB that most of the talk has been made because it was thought good politics--a way of trying to impress the masse* "that something was trying to be done." the* 1 Dartmouth-educated cattleman said. "Prices of any commodity are not the cause of inflation, but the result," Wright said, adding that "even though food prices are Inflated, they are not aa inflated as the cost of government." He said food prices have doubled in the past IS yean, whereas the cost of government is "four time* greater." Declaring that the livestock in* dustry has been under "fairly constant attack by various groups," Wright said that some of the propaganda has been "malicious, but, he added, the propaganda h»i been "more generally, I believe, to defend a government agency, to Justify controls of various types, to whip up support for sincere and honest theories or to advance political prestige." Woman Guard Doomed PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia, Jan. 13 (AP)--Sofle Nietzsche. Sudent- en-German woman who was · guard at the notorious nazi concentration camp at Oswicclm (Auschwitz) was sentenced to deati: by a Czechoslovak court today for crimes against humanity. She was convicted ot torturing women prisoners.

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