THE WEATHER (Bj . i f * . WtÂ»lhÂ«r Bnrun) BroWMVIlle Â»nd the Valley: T*fr Triiy 'Â«'Â«": SÂ»tutdÂ»y tulr to partly cloudy: not much change In temper- Â» tU " TIDE TAÂ»W Miah and low title m thÂ« pass and along thin Immediate coÂ»Â»t Saturday, under n6rmal Meteorologloal . condl- !:Â«Â·.Â». 1:45 p.m. 7:MÂ»,m. Â»:!Â» p.m. V A L L E EDITION FORTY-SIXTH YEAR--No. 79 in TO* BROWNSVUIE, TEXAS, FIDAY, OCTOBER 1. 1937 * * * * TEN PAGES TODAY 5c A COPY WALLACE PROPOSES NEW COTTON TAX ttf^^ ' ^ Â· A ft. A flfc ' tt ft (^ A ft 4 ^^^ tzz=====z=;* Â· . A Â· Â· T* Â· t *m _Â· _ rr* l_--~ I Octogenarian Twins LIMIT TO U.S. THE LIGHT ~6IVt LIGHT MID THfPlOPLt WILL FIND THEM OWN WAY" A S WE ARE attempting to force Â· a minimum $12 price for cull grapefruit for Juice plants this year, there are some- things of a. definite nature that the growers are trying to arrange. ' One of the fears which- haunts the grower and lends him to get the Jitters, and give away his fruit Â·is his dread of the methods the federal governmental authorities may use ifr^dcating with the Mexican fly situation. The season 'Â·= likely fo.be short- Â«ncd suddenly by t h e presence of too Â· many Mexican flics, The story is. abroad that the " Mc.Mlcan fly will a t t a c k apples, plums. peaches, cherries and other fruits oi the upper .country. We Â· wonder if -this Is true:, and if so, to. what extent, Last y e a r the government Jtself uhlpped infected . fruit for relief purQpseb'. Has any report come back of. serious re- aults to northern fruits? The growers ougbt tr reach a conclusion on 'this point with the fedei'al nuthor- . Itles. The government should be as considerate as possible. Then, without a desire to be critical and with the wish to be helpful, we express the hope trmtj the federal authorities will be 1 .thoughtful enough this year to take the growers into their confidence regarding the spread of Infestation. Growers ought- tr, have chance to plan in advance. It ifcstntlon is nt any time increns- ig rapidly, growers will see, if cy know the facts, that they list hurry their fruit on the mar- even sit a. sacrifice. If it romes iwly .they will know that they ivc more time for orderly mar- itlng. The government mer. car. n a long way toward helping stabilize price and orderly marketing, -if they will. We believe the;,- will. There was some complaint last yenr of the arbitrary exorcise or authority and lack of advance 1 public Information. Fear Of Air Raid Grips Tokyo i Soviet Plane Scare Speeds Completion Of Bomb Hide-Outs Rumors That Russian Air Fleet Is. Massing .. In China Hastens Work On Japanese . Subterranean Fortresses. G-MAN KILLER Carl C. Mafec Â·TPHIS NEWSPAPER stands for * stamping out the Mexican 'Sly. Â·But there' Is much which can be done to mitigate the growers 1 im- easlne.ss, If . proper constclursitlon Is shown. The growers themselves . Â· should do all that they can to help the government officials. Any concealment or attempted 'concealment DRASTIC BANS ON MARIHUANA GO I EFFECT 5-Year Term, $. Fine Now Possible TOKYO--(Â£--Japanese defense experts Friday rushed to completion a chain of bombproof, subterranean "fortresses" to safeguard the civilian population against the threat of attack from Soviet warplnnes. Stimulated by. reports that Russia secretly was sending planes and aviators to aid China in the undeclared war with Japan, thousands of , civilians in Japan's teeming cities familiarized themselves with the new ! type 01' shelters,'believed to be the last word in protective science. | The model shelter was designed by-the engineers of the Tokyo metro- 1 polltan police board to accommodate 800 persons for at least three h.ours, i .__ _ ----- .and, if necessary, much longer. ' Thousands of the bombproofs ^ire planned for every major city In the country, Â· / j The shelter room, theoretically at | least. Is fireproof, bombproof and gasproof. The double walls of reinforced concrete are eacn 16 inches, thick. t. S. ADMIRAL BLAMES JAPAN SHANGHAI-- yp) --Sharp con- | damnation of Japanese bombing or Hankow and the Hankow-Canton railway on Sept. 25 came Friday ' from Rear Admiral Harry Yarnell, | commander of the United States i DALLAS --Of)-- Marihuana, the wicked we?d that arms cowards with a false and fleeting bravery n uu.^1...^- spokesman had said the Japanese navy was Informed by United States Ambassador Nelson T. Johnson that . all Americans and narcotic other foreigners had been evacuated from' Hankow and surrounding ter- ws - ' r'itory by noon-of Sept. 26, The marihuana tax-act of 1937. Â· Thls Adm i ra i- Yarnell flatly de- came Friday urder the severe re- strlctlon laws. of"- the federal went into effect, hanging a maximum fine of $2.000, imprisonment issued Â· no such information, but . ,Â· n hnth nvpr the instead told the Japanese that for- for five years, or both, over the bc 1Jevae . uated from heads of those convicted of violating any one of its 17 sections. In Texas, it backed up a' state law virtually banning the narcotic, in which the term of imprisonment upon conviction is from two to 10 years with no provision for a suspended sentence, Â· Marihuana is a derivative o! Indian hemp and its effects are as varied as they are vicious. "It makes a coward act for a few hours like the bravest man JTlCni' Ol I I L H , ' I l l J J u l w i twnv-i-***Â·Â·Â»*'Â·"Â· i v " i t w Â« Â« " .-.-only complicates things. With pro-,| allvei ^ mB xcs a timid man viper co-opci-ntlon between grower | and CUT , n i ngi Â» sa id Capt. Roy and officials* we may be able to r ,^ v , u ,,.~ ,-htr.f nt chp nnllas profong the season and sustain the price. Then. too."growers should stud_y, with officials, whether or not there is a safe way to prolong delivery to the Juice plants, after infestation is too great to permit shipment ot 'fresh fruit, should that occur.- If conditions can be created under '.Â«rhlch the canning season can. be prolonged even two or three weeks after the fresh f r u i t market closes^ .it will help prevent the panic among price. Richburg, chief of the Dallas police department's vice squad. '"it gives some people hallucinations and a man on a marihuana Jag is as likely to attack his broth. Rlchburs sn id the effects varied individuals, some becoming wild inhaling a cigaret or two. s(jme ret)ul[ . lng flve or Â· more Marihuana Is difficult to ^ tha( . [t growj . promls . cuous i v without cultivation, some help prevent "Â»c ijftnlc - flt maturity attaining a growers which destroys ne , n t of elght or ten Ie ct. " ' Thcse newspapers Intend to do j ail In their power to keep the growers Informed on nit useful Â· subjects. If no Juice plant Is overcrowded, we expect to be able to tell growers' where there nre plants v able to take their fruit at the established price. * * * , 1I7E INTEND to .publish dally re' ** ports on the price paid nt the canneries by till the canncrs on - the previous day. We will do everything that newspaper skill can think of to help the growers. If ^rowers who have ft bright Idctv of something else which 1 may ',, be- don.e to Iiclp, we hope they will -feel free to tnlk to the editor of cither of the three- newspapers, dr t.d the writer of this column. We are looking for added ways to be helpful. This also .applies to canners. If any canncr can devise any cam- pilgn of publicity" which we can Irry on thnt will help him handle problem Â· in Â» more orderly we invite him to let us know anyone thinks we. are the iv of canners. or n.re even in- dihcrent to them, he .is terribly. (Continued on Page Two) Valley Traffic Toll for 1937 New Brownsville Consul Due Tuesday BROWNSVILLE--Lauro Izagulrre Mexican consul at Eagle Pass the past year, who is exchanging positions with Francisco Polin Tapla, Mexican consul at Brownsville, will arrive here Tuesday to assume his new duties, according to Alejandro M. Bravo, chancellor 'in charge of . , the local consulate. Bravo reported that the former Brownsville consul departed from the city several days ngo for his new post. Ship Line Fights Beer Rates Cut ICC Hears Charges Opposed By Brownsville Port HOUSTON. OP)--The railroads and a steamship line Friday battled.be- fore an Interstate Commerce Commission examiner over rates on the movement of beer from New Orleans to Corpus Christi and Brownsville rates were posted rotes, Guy "Bud" Osborne was convicted by a Jury in Albuquerque, N, M., of murdering Truett E. Rowe, Department of Justice agent, and former Brownsville Border Patrolman. The jury recommended life imprisonment. FIRST OF NE\n AIRPLANES DUE BIG PROJECTS PLANNEDFOR MATAMOROS $5,000,000 Program in Vicinity Studied By ' Federal. Autho r i t y On Cardenas' Order MATAMOROS--Estanislao .Pena, chief inspector, technical division of the Mexican National Railway lines, department of communications and public works, who has been in the Matamoros vicinity three weeks, announced Friday several' proposed projects for the vicinity of Matamoros at a cost estimated at 18,000,000 pesos, or the equivalent of approximately $5,000,000. The proposed projects include a seaport and channel south of Mata- moÂ»os, a government operated cotton compress and repairs, and pos- i-sible reconstruction of railroad lines from Matamoros to Monterrey. ' Pefia planned to leave here Satur- I day for Monterrey to inspect a cotton" compress there before- returning to' Victoria for^a conference with Governor Marte R. Gomez, at whose instance study of the proposed projects in this vicinity were authorized by President Cardenas. Pena will make a report to the Mexican president within the next two weeks on the projects, which were suggested by the Tamaulipas ('governor for the purpose of devel-. ' oping the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Mexico into a greater agricultural and industrial zone. Â· Octogenarian Twins Mark 8lst Birthday This Admiral ~ - hied, saying Ambassador Johnson Hankow and the surrounding vicinity after Sept. 26. Meanwhile, the Chinese defenders of Shanghai reported they were holding their own all along the line a"nd, in some sectors, sharply counter-attacking. Mayor O. K. Yul of Greater Shanghai described the continuous rain of shells on the Chinese positions in Chapel as "like pouring water on a duck's back." "When the bombardment begins;" the Chinese mayor sale!, "our soldiers just retire to their under- m~ "Get Ships Worth $1,125,000 BROWNSVILLE.--The first of nine Douglas planes valued at $1,125,000 will be delivered to western division headquartere of Pan American Airways here Friday at about 5 p. m., according to word received by D. G. Richardson, district operations manager of PAA. Richardson returned here Thursday from the West coast, where he has been inspecting the new planes the past several days. The first of the nine new 21-passenger, T3C-3 planes is being flown from Santa Monica, Calif., Friday by George H, Kradgher, chief pilot of Ultlvi juai* j e j u n e tu tnuii UAIUCI Ijeorc n. ^.iinK^s* ground burrows like moles and stay j the wes'tern division; there playing mah Jong or shaking' Â·" -* Â»Â»Â·- -'- u dice until the shelling ceases." COTTONSTALK CHARGES LOOM Deadline Reached On Plowing Under EDINBURG--All .Hidalgo County cotton producers charged with failure to heed notices of federal and state officers to have their cotton stalks plowed u n d e r by 'Friday. October 1 .will be prosecuted. District Attorney Rogers Kelley states. All such cases will be tried in county court, with those convicted subject to 'fines of $50 to $500 lor noncompliance with laws regulating the pink bollworm infested z o n e , of which Hidalgo County is a part. Those who fail to comply with these laws should and will be prosecuted vigorously, Kelley asserted, for the carelessness of a lew in fail- Ing to comply will endanger the (Sec CHARGES on Page Two) Three of the air liners will be put in service from Brownsville to Cristobal. Three others will be flown between Rio de Janeiro and Tarr and the remaining three will be flown between Lima, Peru, and Santiago, Chile. The first ship to arrive will be kept at the division headquarters at the Brownsville airport for two weeks. Richardson reported. He said all of the planes will arrive here within that time. Kenneth C. Sonner, district service man for Wright Aeronautical Corporation, makers of the motors in the new planes, arrived in Brownsville Friday morning from Dallas to make a thorough check of the new planes as they arrive in Brownsville, Air Mail Official . Visits Brownsville BROWNSVILLE.-- C. P. Graddlck, Washington, D. C., assistant superintendent of air mail service throughout the United States, was in Brownsville Friday conferring with Postmaster William T. Burnett and Assistant Postmaster C. C. Stewart. Graddlck inspects air mail service on every line (n the country. His one day visit here war for a periodical check, Fair Values On All Property Sought By Equalization Board BROWNSVILLE. -- The Brownsville Board of Equalization for the school and navigation districts and the city of Brownsville! completed its fourth week of work Friday morning, having interviewed all property owners notified to appear, who wish- to an- Â· Most of the beer In the -past has ed to respond, according ,, -been mov^d by water. Recently rail nouncemer.t Friday by Kenneth Fax- Â· - Â· ' - - Â· identical with on, chairman of the board, offering a fast- Faxon said adjustments yet to be Â·J^CBIJISJIIL/ ru nxÂ»i UUfc v/iiciiii^ n **Â»ot*- -u,.nvÂ»Â» TMÂ« ,,_.,__ ,. er service and no terminal charges, made include property; owned by which attend water movement. large estates or by utilities. These The Moormack Gulf steamship groups have received notification to line and port interests protested the appear within the next ten days and ran rotes and the I. C. C. ordered a thereafter. . ; , suspension pending Friday's hearing. "It has come to our attention, The commission will take final Faxon stated, "that rumors exist the action on the rates after it receives board Is making adjustments only on Examiner William J. Koebel's report pieces of property owned by.property of the hearty;. owner* who appear an* mute pro- test. This certainly is not true. Where we lower the valuation of one piece of property In a'neighborhood, using as evidence of the true valuation the owner's statements arid our own investigation and appraisal, we then proceed to revalue all property In the Neighborhood. Our aim is to see that fair 'valuations are placed on every narce] of property within the three districts! "We have revalued many pieces of ' -lerty owned by people whose Vioperty Was unrendered and who therefore did, not receive notices to appeari Examination of the maps and plats of the property in the dis- tr^cts with *hÂ« new valuations placed on the property will show that equally fair: valuations have been jnadÂ« ,in Â«f en area covered by the " INTERVENip PLEA DRAFTED Powers Draw Demand On Italians Mrs. R. H. Wallis, left, and Mrs. J. T. Johnson, twin sisters living in Brownsville, who Friday celebrate together their- 81st birthday at a party at Mrs. Johnson's home, 1508 West Levee Street. Mrs. J. T. Johnson, Mrs. R. H. Wallis Residents In Brownsville Vicinity Since 1 865 BROWNSVILLE--Mrs. J. T. Johnson and her twin sister, Mrs R. H. Wallis, both of Brownsville, Friday are "celebrating their 81st birthday. A party of friends and relatives will be held at Mrs. Johnson's home Friday night. The octogenarian twins have lived in Matamoros and Brownsville since their mother, Mrs. Victor Egly took them June 15, 1865 to Matamoros, where Mr. Egly had a blacksmith shop. He operated at times when he was riot working as an en-,}; gineer on boats then plying the Rio' Grande Tinder ownership of the famed King and Kenedy partner- LONDON (fl 5 )--Britain and France Friday phrased the final draft of their implied demand on Italy for a showdown on intervention in Spain's civil war despite a reported attempt by Premier Mussolini to prevent such an. invitation from ever reaching Rome. . | Carefully the note-writing experts of the Paris and London foreign offices combed the text of the momentous overture which will not be forwarded until after the French cabinet, probably Saturday, gives final approval. The British cabinet already had approved the draft invitation. France and Britain were determined to block any move by 'the Italian premier to sidestep the proposed tri-power conference aimed at forcing prompt withdrawal of the thousands of Italian soldiers fighting for insurgent Spain. Count Dino Grandi, Mussolini s envoy to London, was believed to have' attempted to forestall actual presentation of the invitation at Rome. WPA Sewing Room Changes Quarters BROWNSVILLE -- The WPA sewing room in Brownsville was moved Friday from its location at 1233 Levee street to a store room at 1223 Levee street,- next to the Parra Brothers grocery and hardware store. The new location, although a smaller room, is better lighted. Hitler Will Repay * Mussolini's Visit BERLIN. (/F)--Another meeting between chancellor Adolf Hitler and Premier Benito Mussolini of Italy is in the offing. It was known officially Friday that Hitler had accepted an invitation to visit Italy. No date was given. When the family went to Matamoros, Brownsville was little more than a military garrison surrounded with a few houses. In fact, when the Eglys moved to Brownsville January 27, 1869, they lived for a number of years in the garrison here. An interesting diary kept by Victor Egly from' 1855 to 1909 sbowÂ« the colorful and 'always exciting life which the twin sisters must have lived. Their father and mother were married ir New'Orleans, where , ., _ _ _ _ the family lived until the twins were executive committee of 9 years old. POSTMASTERS MEET MONDAY Burnett Calls State Association Served on Privateers Mr. -Eg'ly's diary, kept by his granddaughter, Miss Jos c p h i n e Johnson, shows a career of several years on the early steamships. During the Civil War he served on privateering Confederate ships, but was captured twice. The second time he was released on his parole of honor, and, buying a half interest in the Schooner Adeline, he went to Bagdad, Mexico, January 7, 1865, sold his interest, and moved to Matamoros, wt ere he set up his blacksmith shop and built his home. His troubles were not over, however, for October 19, 1865, he was pressed into service by the Mexican Imperial Government, Evidently he was not oppressed by his "captors," because his diary shows he was paid good wages, and when he felt he was not getting enough, he "struck" and got more. With the downfall of Maximilian's imperial dreams, Egly entered the employ of King and Kenedy in 1866. October 7, 1867, his diary entry shows that "during the great storm of that night" his steamer was blown five miles up the river from Bagdad and 300 yards from the river banks. Bagdad was totally destroyed and no vestige remained of the once thriving seaport. Remembers Storm Mrs. Johnson remembers the storm vividly and describes it as far more terrible than the hurricane of Carrier Needs His Payments Each Saturday The Valley Publishing Company sells its papers to the carriers. They, in turn, sell them to their subscribers. - If you do not pay promptly your' carrier must carry your account. You can. greatly assist and encourage your carrier by paying regularly each Saturday. It will help him succeed. Get ecqualnted with your Herald and Star carrier. (See OCTOGENARIAN on Page 2) LMTOU.S. SUBSIDY SEEN BYSECRETARY Cabinet Leader Warns Country Will Fight To Maintain Place In \Vorld Markets MEMPHIS, Tenn.--(P)--Sccreai of Agriculture Henry Wallace made public here Friday a six-point government cotton policy designed to "serve notice to the world that the United States intends to keep its place in the world cotton -market." He emphasized the administration's view that the government should supplement the market price with payments to cooperating farmers on an allotted production goal, probably financed by a "reasonable processing tax." Pointing out that the south would -find it difficult to get large subsidies from the general treasury, year after year," he declared "it may be that "the farmers of the south may want to ask congress to go back to the principle of letting the commodity itself bear the load of providing, the needed funds." Praises Old AAA "The processing tax on cotton in. effect under the Agricultural Adjustment act," he added, "made the cotton programs nearly self-financing for two and a. half years up to the time the supreme court nullified the tax. * * "" The permanent solution to the complex cotton problem. Wallace told a meeting attended'by agricultural officials of nine cotton-growing states, lies in a "middle course" which would continue "such moderate adjustment of production as would preserve and build up the fertility of the soil and still allow production of at least as much cotton as the markets of this and other countries have been accustomed to take." Such a policy, he averred, offers the best hope of enabling the south, to earn a bigger income. "Huge cotton crops and huge exports arc a. mockery if they do not mean a fair return to the producers." he said. His "middle course," he said, would: 1. continue Â· "sUch moderate ad- BROWNSVILLE -- William T. Burnett, Brownsville postmaster. Friday called a meeting of the executive committee of the Texas Postmasters Association, of which he is president, for October 4, at Dallas. Two executive members in the Valley are Jack B. York, Pharr, and Harry Merlz, parliamentarian, McAllen. Mr. Burnett, accompanied by his wife and daughter, Mrs. Richard A. Smith, expect to leave Sunday. Mrs. Smith will stay in Sen Antonio where her husband, Lieutenant Smith, Fort Brown, is on maneuvers. On their return from Dallas the Burnetts will attend the graduation exercises of the air corps class at Kelly Field, October 6. when Charles Olmsted. son of Dr. and Mrs. L. R. Olmsted. Brownsville, will receive his -wings." (See COTTON on Page Two) BANKAPPOINTS E. C. BREEDLOVE Robbery of Home Being Investigated BROWNSVILLE. -- The sheriffs department Friday continued investigation of the breaking into and robbery of the home of ^rasmo Garza'in the CountrvJ Club area. Brownsville, ,^-y-- Ifl I Garza, on 4eyGrning borne Thursday night abolt 9 p. m.-discovered that soitieone Mliad removed two boards frbm the side of his home and had taken S25 in cash, a wrist watch, 3 gold rings and a pair of pants. The sheriff's department, immediately notified, went to the house with the county's bloodhounds. The hounds, however, refused to bay. Black To Answer Challengers On Big Radio Network Friday \ WASHINGTON, (fl?)--Justice Hugo L. Black, employing!-strategy like that sometimes used ' by President Roosevelt, will bring'to an unprecedented climax Friday night the nationwide dispute over his appoini.- ment to the supreme court. He will reply in a radio address at 8'30 u. Â·". central standard time, to those w Â·Â· have challenged his fitness to - 'e on the tribunal because of what ';'.iey allege to bo his affiliation wi i ths'Ku Klux Klan. Never .3 the history of;the court has a ji tice ti;us carried' hi.- "Â«se directly I the people. Three v tional rat"' .-:'Â· Â· carry Justs-'.-e Bis" .Â«Â«-.' ing. it avaiU*'r : -.y. " v nwjy y, -.'Â·-Â·' .:v - .'.:Â· ri'' : ;esv "'..',. A- ' secret, known only to Black and a few of his close associates. It was considered highly possible that he would discuss directly the allegations of Klan membership. The question remained, however, -whether he might make a complete denial or whether he might say that he once had been a Klansman but long rnce had renounced his member- i ,i',p. Â» ie v- -Â·- ^1 accusation, made in i series of new., --. '^r articles, is that Slack is a life n.^ er of the order. "he articles allege*, he joined the rilan in Alabama ir the days before ne was elected a d' .nocrattc senator rom that state. ' There was no evidence, that Blade nas any notion of resigning; hi* place on the bench, on which hels expected to tike 'hli Â·*Â« Monday. Harlingen Institution Control Changes HARLINGEN --E. C. BrMdlove, president of the Rio Grande Valley Bankers' Association, who has been cashier of the San Benito Bank and Trust company for nine years, has been named rice-president of the First National Bank of Harlingen following a stock transaction in which w. H. Hall purchased t'-ntrolling interest of the Harlingen bank. Brecdlove. one of the best known, civic and banking figures in the Valley, is president of both the San Benito Kiwanis Club and the San Benito Independent sdhool District. Â§ ' has) been attive irf civic work ce joining tile San Benito bank ft more than ten years ago. He ne to this section from Oklahoma. The announcement of Breedloves appointment was made Thursday after Hall, former president of the Harlingen bank, purchased controlling stock interest from H. E. Butt, W. E. McKCnzie. Roy Porter and R. L. Hill. Breedlove will replace W. E. McKenzie, acting vice-, president, who was granted a leave of absence at his request. The new board of directors will include Hall. McHenry Tichenor, who recently purchased about one- fourth of the bank's stock, and Breedlove and two others to be named later- The only change in personnel will be the addition of Breedlove, officials announced. Get Your Sunday CLASSIFIED AD In Early Classified ads lor the bit Sunday Issue ol the Sunday-; Star-Monitor-Herald must be to -toe offices"-ol The Valley Morning 3 tar, Brownsville Herald o- McAllen Monitor Ay41 noon Saturday. " " Â· ' ' . ' Display classified copy must iw-ir/ttie office toy 6 p. m. FrJ- day /before publication. 'jfeur co-operation in early r jpy will assist: In proper c' - iiflcÂ«tion of your M.
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